keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urine infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932112/short-term-outcome-of-untreated-versus-treated-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-in-renal-transplant-patients
#1
N Arencibia, M L Agüera, C Rodelo, I López, M Sánchez-Agesta, A Hurtarte, M D Navarro, A Rodríguez-Benot
BACKGROUND: Infection of the urinary tract (UTI) is the most common form of bacterial infection in renal transplant patients, but its management is still controversial. We compared symptomatic and asymptomatic bacteriuria, treated or untreated, during two different months (summer or winter). METHODS: This longitudinal, prospective study involved routine urine cultures collected during September 2014 or March 2015. Demographic, clinical, and microbiological characteristics from the patients with positive urine cultures were described...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929396/detection-of-ciprofloxacin-in-urine-through-sensitized-lanthanide-luminescence
#2
Subhankar Singha, Kyo Han Ahn
Ciprofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, is widely used for the treatment of bacterial infection in humans due to its broad antibacterial spectrum. An excessive use or overdose of ciprofloxacin on the other hand can cause several adverse effects not only to humans but also to microorganisms. Unabsorbed ciprofloxacin in the body is mostly excreted through urine and finally goes to the environment, providing a drug resistance pressure on bacteria. Hence a simple and efficient detection method of ciprofloxacin is necessary, which, for example, can be used to analyze ciprofloxacin content in urine...
December 5, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929243/epididymitis-an-overview
#3
John R McConaghy, Bethany Panchal
Inflammation of the epididymis, or epididymitis, is commonly seen in the outpatient setting. Etiology and treatment are based on patient age and the likely causative organisms. Epididymitis presents as the gradual onset of posterior scrotal pain that may be accompanied by urinary symptoms such as dysuria and urinary frequency. Physical findings include a swollen and tender epididymis with the testis in an anatomically normal position. Although the etiology is largely unknown, reflux of urine into the ejaculatory ducts is considered the most common cause of epididymitis in children younger than 14 years...
November 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928592/radiation-induced-complex-anterior-urinary-fistulation-for-prostate-cancer-a-retrospective-multicenter-study-from-the-trauma-and-urologic-reconstruction-network-of-surgeons-turns
#4
E Charles Osterberg, Alex J Vanni, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Joshua A Broghammer, Scott C Pate, Hadley Wyre, Jeremy B Myers, Sean P Elliott, Suprita Krishna, Lee C Zhao, Christopher McClung, Bradley A Erickson, Benjamin N Breyer
PURPOSE: To characterize anterior urinary fistulae following radiotherapy for prostate cancer. METHODS: Over 10 years, 31 men were identified to have an anterior urinary fistula. A retrospective database was created to evaluate patient demographics, presentation, diagnostic procedures, operative interventions, outcomes, and complications. Comparisons between men who underwent cystectomy versus bladder-sparing surgeries were performed. RESULTS: At a median age of 73 (interquartile range (IQR) 68...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927917/zika-virus-testing-considerations-lessons-learned-from-the-first-eighty-real-time-rt-pcr-positive-cases-diagnosed-in-new-york-state
#5
Kirsten St George, Inderbir S Sohi, Elizabeth M Dufort, Amy B Dean, Jennifer L White, Ronald Limberger, Jamie N Sommer, Stephanie Ostrowski, Susan J Wong, P Bryon Backenson, Daniel Kuhles, Debra Blog, Jill Taylor, Brad Hutton, Howard A Zucker
The performance and interpretation of laboratory tests for Zika virus (ZKV) continue to be evaluated. Serology is cross-reactive, laborious and frequently difficult to interpret and serum was initially solely recommended for molecular diagnosis. ZKV testing was initiated January 2016 in New York State for symptomatic patients, pregnant women, their infants, and patients with Guillain-Barré Syndrome, who traveled to areas with ZKV transmission. Subsequently, eligibility was expanded to pregnant women with sexual partners with similar travel history...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925350/a-kidney-transplant-recipient-with-renal-medullary-viral-cytopathic-changes
#6
Poornima Ramanan, Elizabeth A Timmerman, Mary E Fidler, Hatem Amer, Bobbi S Pritt, Dale A Schwab, Hollis J Batterman, Matthew J Binnicker
We present a case of JC polyomavirus (JCV)-associated nephropathy (PyVAN) in an asymptomatic deceased-donor kidney transplant recipient. Despite the presence of viral cytopathic effect in the kidney biopsy and positive BK polyomavirus (BKV) in situ hybridization (ISH), BKV real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results of plasma and urine were negative. JCV ISH was performed and was found to be positive. JCV real-time PCR on urine, plasma, and the kidney biopsy tissue was positive. Reduction in immunosuppression resulted in resolution of JCV viremia...
December 7, 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921164/m-type-phospholipase-a2-receptor-pla2r-glomerular-staining-in-pediatric-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy
#7
Shoichiro Kanda, Shigeru Horita, Takeshi Yanagihara, Akira Shimizu, Motoshi Hattori
BACKGROUND: Identifying M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) is a landmark breakthrough for understanding adult idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN). However, potential roles for PLA2R in pediatric iMN have not been well investigated. METHODS: A total of 34 pediatric iMN patients who underwent kidney biopsy between 1972 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. The study cohort consisted of 15 children aged from 3 to 9 years and 19 aged from 10 to 15 years...
December 5, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920983/bacteremic-renal-stone-associated-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-nontypable-haemophilus-influenzae-a-rare-invasive-disease-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#8
Masanao Fujii, Harumi Gomi, Haruhiko Ishioka, Noriko Takamura
Haemophilus species are known to colonize the upper respiratory tract and can cause infections. However Haemophilus influenzae has been rarely described as a cause of genitourinary tract infection. We report a 44-year-old nonimmunocompromised Japanese man with bacteremic pyelonephritis caused by a nontypable H. influenzae associated with a left ureteral calculus. The organism was isolated from both blood and urine cultures. Treatment consisted of 14 days of intravenous ceftriaxone and oral amoxicillin one after than other and insertion of a left ureteral stent...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919131/-an-intravesical-foreign-body-after-caesarean-section-and-tissue-fixing-system-tfs-operation-two-case-reports
#9
Kohei Mori, Masahiro Yanagisawa, Kotaro Hirai
Foreign body in the bladder is a relatively rare case. We encountered two cases of foreign bodies in the bladder after gynecological surgery. Case 1 was a 72-year-old woman. When she was 70 years old,an operation for her pelvic organ prolapse was performed. She visited our hospital because of discomfort in urination. We performed a transurethral lithotripsy of the bladder stone and detected a foreign body,and it was an anchor used for the Tissue Fixation System(TFS)operation (a pelvic organ prolapse operation)...
October 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916738/a-review-of-the-recent-advances-in-antimicrobial-coatings-for-urinary-catheters
#10
REVIEW
Priyadarshini Singha, Jason Locklin, Hitesh Handa
: More than 75% of hospital-acquired or nosocomial urinary tract infections are initiated by urinary catheters, which are used during the treatment of 15-25% of hospitalized patients. Among other purposes, urinary catheters are primarily used for draining urine after surgeries and for urinary incontinence. During catheter-associated urinary tract infections, bacteria travel up to the bladder and cause infection. A major cause of catheter-associated urinary tract infection is attributed to the use of non-ideal materials in the fabrication of urinary catheters...
December 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915472/pathomechanism-of-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-and-mapping-the-heterogeneity-of-disease
#11
REVIEW
Jia-Fong Jhang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a heterogeneous syndrome which is usually characterized by urinary frequency, nocturia, and bladder pain. Several pathomechanisms have been proposed, including uroepithelial dysfunction, mast cell activation, neurogenic inflammation, autoimmunity, and occult urinary tract infections. It is possible that an inflammatory process alters regulation of urothelial homeostasis and results in dysfunction of the bladder epithelium. Different phenotypes of IC/BPS have been explored including Hunner and non-Hunner type IC, hypersensitive bladder, and bladder pain both with and without functional somatic syndrome...
November 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914268/anti-adhesive-antimicrobial-peptide-coating-prevents-catheter-associated-infection-in-a-mouse-urinary-infection-model
#12
Kai Yu, Joey C Y Lo, Mei Yan, Xiaoqiang Yang, Donald E Brooks, Robert E W Hancock, Dirk Lange, Jayachandran N Kizhakkedathu
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) represent one of the most common hospital acquired infections with significant economic consequences and increased patient morbidity. CAUTIs often start with pathogen adhesion and colonization on the catheter surface followed by biofilm formation. Current strategies to prevent CAUTIs are insufficiently effective and antimicrobial coatings based on antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) hold promise in curbing CAUTIs. Here we report an effective surface tethering strategy to prepare AMP coatings on polyurethane (PU), a common biomedical plastic used for catheter manufacture, by using an anti-adhesive hydrophilic polymer coating...
November 24, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913795/prevalence-of-sti-symptoms-and-high-levels-of-stigma-in-sti-healthcare-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#13
Michael W Ross, Markus Larsson, Joyce E Nyoni, Anette Agardh
Symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), whether they are presented for treatment or diagnosis, and how they are received by the clinician where they are presented, may be concomitants of stigma associated with homosexuality in homophobic climates. We analyzed respondent-driven sampling data from a study on 200 young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to examine sample prevalence, treatment and clinician response to 10 symptoms potentially associated with STIs. Survey measures included 10 self-reported STI symptoms, further specified according to location (genital, anal, oral), further specified according to place of diagnosis, place of, treatment whether there was pharmacy treatment or self-medication, healthcare worker (HCW) inquiries about source of infection and whether the HCW was polite...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911430/-clinical-presentations-of-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-diagnosis-and-therapy
#14
G M Chernakova, E A Kleshcheva, T B Semenova
: Approximately a quarter of the world's population at some point in life is at risk of developing shingles (Herpes Zoster). In 10-20% of cases the first branch of the trigeminal nerve gets involved (Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus, HZO). Ophthalmic complications of HZO are able to cause a significant reduction in visual function. AIM: To study and summarize clinical features of HZO (including the rate of complications and their nature) and to determine the relationship between clinical and laboratory data from these patients...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909624/for-reliable-urine-cultures-in-the-detection-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-do-we-use-urine-specimens-obtained-with-urethral-catheter-or-a-nephrostomy-tube
#15
Gülay Dede, Özcan Deveci, Onur Dede, Mazhar Utanğac, Mansur Dağgulli, Necmettin Penbegül, Namık Kemal Hatipoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the results of urine cultures obtained either from urethral, and percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 328 consecutive patients that underwent PCN at our institution with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) between July 2010 and April 2015. Results of urine cultures obtained from the urethral and nephrostomy catheters were compared. RESULTS: This study included 152 male and 176 female patients...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906964/undernutrition-vitamin-a-and-iron-deficiency-are-associated-with-impaired-intestinal-mucosal-permeability-in-young-bangladeshi-children-assessed-by-lactulose-mannitol-test
#16
Md Iqbal Hossain, Rashidul Haque, Dinesh Mondal, Mustafa Mahfuz, Am Shamsir Ahmed, M Munirul Islam, Richard L Guerrant, William A Petri, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Lactulose/mannitol (L:M) test has been used as a non-invasive marker of intestinal mucosal -integrity and -permeability (enteropathy). We investigated the association of enteropathy with anthropometrics, micronutrient- status, and morbidity in children. METHODS: The urine and blood samples were collected from 925 children aged 6-24 months residing in Mirpur slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh during November 2009 to April 2013. L:M test and micronutrient status were assessed in the laboratory of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) following standard procedure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899231/carvedilol-exacerbate-gentamicin-induced-kidney-mitochondrial-alterations-in-adult-rat
#17
Luís Félix, M M Oliveira, Romeu Videira, Elisabete Maciel, Nuno D Alves, Fernando M Nunes, Anabela Alves, José M Almeida, M Rosário M Domingues, Francisco P Peixoto
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic widely used to treat many types of bacterial infections. Although its properties, his clinical use is limited due to the occurrence of nephrotoxicity, which has been related to mitochondrial dysfunction. Carvedilol, an antihypertensive drug with strong antioxidant properties, has been tested in order to prevent gentamicin nephrotoxicity. This study aimed to test this hypothesis using a rat model of gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. Animals were treated subcutaneously with DMSO (control) (0...
November 26, 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898565/quantitative-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-the-diagnosis-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-infection-in-south-african-men-with-and-without-symptoms-of-urethritis
#18
Marie Cecilia le Roux, Anwar Ahmed Hoosen
BACKGROUND: This study was done to diagnose Mycoplasma genitalium infection based on bacterial load in urine specimens from symptomatic and asymptomatic men. METHODS: Urine specimens from 94 men with visible urethral discharge, 206 with burning on micturition and 75 without symptoms presenting to a family practitioner were tested for M. genitalium as well as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis by transcription-mediated amplification assays...
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895127/the-pathogenic-potential-of-proteus-mirabilis-is-enhanced-by-other-uropathogens-during-polymicrobial-urinary-tract-infection
#19
Chelsie E Armbruster, Sara N Smith, Alexandra O Johnson, Valerie DeOrnellas, Kathryn A Eaton, Alejandra Yep, Lona Mody, Weisheng Wu, Harry L T Mobley
Urinary catheter use is prevalent in health care settings, and polymicrobial colonization by urease-positive organisms, such as Proteus mirabilis and Providencia stuartii, commonly occurs with long-term catheterization. We previously demonstrated that coinfection with P. mirabilis and P. stuartii increased overall urease activity in vitro and disease severity in a model of urinary tract infection (UTI). In this study, we expanded these findings to a murine model of catheter-associated UTI (CAUTI), delineated the contribution of enhanced urease activity to coinfection pathogenesis, and screened for enhanced urease activity with other common CAUTI pathogens...
November 28, 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894984/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-methicillin-resistant-and-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-incidence-in-respect-to-specimen-source-patient-location-and-temperature-variation
#20
T Delorme, A Garcia, P Nasr
OBJECTIVE: Seasonal variations in temperature exert strong selective pressure on microorganism population dynamics and should be taken into account in epidemiological studies. The objective of current study was to characterize the seasonal variation of Staphylococcal infections in respect to patient location, specimen source, month of year, and temperature variation. METHOD: A retrospective longitudinal time series analysis of methicillin-resistant and sensitive S...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
keyword
keyword
84727
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"