keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urine infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223137/sysmex-uf-1000i-flow-cytometer-to-screen-urinary-tract-infections-the-uriscam-multicentre-study
#1
O Herráez, M A Asencio, R Carranza, M M Jarabo, M Huertas, O Redondo, A Arias, S Jiménez-Álvarez, S Solís, P Zamarrón, M S Illescas, M A Galán
The new Sysmex UF-1000i analyzer - which incorporates bacteria morphology distinction - allows to automatically screen samples to be cultured at microbiology laboratories. We have evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of Sysmex UF-1000i to screen urine tract infections (UTIs). A total amount of 2,468 urine samples from six Spanish hospitals were analysed. Demographic and clinical data such as age, gender, source and sample type, preserving conditions, cytometer parameters (bacteria, leucocytes, and bacteria morphology) as well as urine culture results (gold standard) were recorded...
December 9, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221850/isolation-and-molecular-characterization-of-leishmania-infantum-in-urine-from-patients-with-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-brazil
#2
Manoel Sebastião da Costa Lima, Andressa Cristina Lopes Hartkopf, Rosianne A de Souza Tsujisaki, Elisa Teruya Oshiro, Julie Teresa Shapiro, Maria de Fatima Cepa Matos, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros Dorval
Leishmania infantum is a protozoan that causes visceral leishmaniasis, a potentially deadly neglected tropical disease. The gold standard for diagnosis has traditionally been detection of amastigotes in bone marrow or spleen aspirates, but this is an invasive procedure that carries the risk of serious complications. Newer PCR techniques are opening new avenues and tissues for testing. Therefore, we tested if amastigotes and DNA from L. infantum could be detected in patient urine. We detected L. infantum DNA in six out of 30 urine samples from patients with visceral leishmaniasis and the promastigotes were isolated in culture from the urine of one patient...
December 6, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221467/urothelial-cells-may-indicate-underlying-bacteriuria-in-pregnancy-at-term-a-comparative-study
#3
N Liou, J Currie, C James, J Malone-Lee, A L David
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection is common in pregnancy. Urine is sampled from by mid-stream collection (MSU). If epithelial cells are detected, contamination by vulvo-vagial skin and skin bacteria is assumed. Outside pregnancy, catheter specimen urine (CSU) is considered less susceptible to contamination. We compared MSU and CSU methods in term pregnancy to test these assumptions. METHODS: Healthy pregnant women at term gestation (n = 32, median gestation 38 + 6 weeks, IQR 37 + 6-39 + 2) undergoing elective caesarean section provided a MSU and CSU for paired comparison that were each analysed for bacterial growth and bladder distress by fresh microscopy, sediment culture and immunofluorescent staining...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220347/assessing-the-benefits-of-five-years-of-different-approaches-to-treatment-of-urogenital-schistosomiasis-a-score-project-in-northern-mozambique
#4
Anna E Phillips, Pedro H Gazzinelli-Guimaraes, Herminio O Aurelio, Josefo Ferro, Rassul Nala, Michelle Clements, Charles H King, Alan Fenwick, Fiona M Fleming, Neerav Dhanani
BACKGROUND: In Mozambique, schistosomiasis is highly endemic across the whole country. The Schistosomiasis Consortium for Operational Research and Evaluation (SCORE) coordinates a five-year study that has been implemented in various African countries, including Mozambique. The overall goal of SCORE was to better understand how to best apply preventive chemotherapy with praziquantel (PZQ) for schistosomiasis control by evaluating the impact of alternative treatment approaches. METHODS: This was a cluster-randomised trial that compared the impact of different treatment strategies in study areas with prevalence among school children of ≥21% S...
December 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217379/major-epidemiological-factors-associated-with-leptospirosis-in-malaysia
#5
REVIEW
Bashiru Garba, Abdul Rani Bahaman, Siti Khairani Bejo, Zunita Zakaria, Abdul Rahim Mutalib, Faruku Bande
INTRODUCTION: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by a diverse pathogenic leptospira species and serovars. The disease is transmitted directly following contact with infected urine and other body fluids or indirectly after contact with water or soil contaminated with infected urine. OBJECTIVES: While a wide range of domestic and wild animals are known to be reservoirs of the disease, occupation, international travel and recreation are beginning to assume a center stage in the transmission of the disease...
December 5, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217114/identification-of-bacterial-uropathogens-by-preparative-isoelectric-focusing-and-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry
#6
Jiří Šalplachta, Marie Horká, Filip Růžička, Karel Šlais
This study describes a new method for simultaneous identification of uropathogens in the case of polybacterial urinary tract infections. The method utilizes recently developed preparative isoelectric focusing (IEF) in cellulose-based separation medium with a subsequent analysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Preparative IEF was successfully used for both purification and separation of bacteria, Escherichia coli (pI 4.6) and Staphylococcus aureus (pI 3...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216741/annals-express-evaluation-of-cellulose-pads-as-a-method-to-detect-cytomegalovirus-dna-in-neonatal-urine
#7
Florian Kipfmueller, Kira Jungbluth, Anna-Maria Eis-Hübinger, Ulrike Reber, Stefan Holdenrieder, Ulrich Gembruch, Peter Bartmann, Andreas Mueller
BACKGROUND: Several approaches exist to screen neonates for congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. We here describe a new method using cellulose pads for urine collection and its evaluation in an experimental and a clinical setting. METHODS: We systematically tested the effect of storage duration of the pads after exposure to CMV-positive urine, meconium contamination and specimen handling on the CMV load and the detection rate. Further, the method was tested in clinical practice in a cohort of 500 neonates...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216682/simultaneous-determination-and-validation-of-emtricitabine-rilpivirine-and-tenofovir-from-biological-samples-using-lc-and-ce-methods
#8
Mehmet Gumustas, Mehmet Gokhan Caglayan, Feyyaz Onur, Sibel A Ozkan
A combination of antiretroviral agents is frequently used in effective treatment of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection. In this study, two different separation methods are presented for the simultaneous determination of emtricitabine, rilpivirine, and tenofovir from raw materials and urine samples. Developed liquid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis methods were thoroughly optimized for high analytical performances. Optimization of multiple variables at the same time by performing a minimum number of experiments was achieved by the Box-Behnken design, which is an experimental design in Response Surface Methodology, in capillary electrophoresis...
December 7, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216181/case-report-a-rare-case-of-urinary-myiasis-induced-by-the-fourth-instar-larvae-of-telmatoscopus-albipunctatus
#9
Beibei Zhang, Lifu Wang, Jiahua Liu, Lian Xu, Langui Song, Xiaoying Wu, Xi Sun, Zhongdao Wu
Telmatoscopus albipunctatus, a cosmopolitan fly, is widely distributed throughout moist environments. It is one of the most medically important insects (especially in urban environments) that may potentially cause myiasis. Urinary myiasis and other sites of infestation, including the intestine, nasal passages, lung, and derma, have been reported. This is the first case report of a Chinese middlescent woman infected with T. albipunctatus in Guangzhou, China. In the present report, a 50-year-old woman came to The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China, because larvae were found when urinating in the morning; this had occurred every two days within the past two months...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215782/the-effect-of-urinary-foley-catheter-substrate-material-on-the-antimicrobial-potential-of-calixerene-based-molecules
#10
A Guildford, C Morris, O Kitt, I Cooper
AIMS: This study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of a modified calixarene polymer bound to a silicone substrate in the presence of pathogens associated with catheter infections, Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The molecule and its constituent parts, were studied bound and unbound to silicone substrates to ascertain growth effects. Minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations were determined against E.coli and Pr.mirabilis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215338/evaluation-of-antimicrobial-durability-and-anti-biofilm-effects-in-urinary-catheters-against-enterococcus-faecalis-clinical-isolates-and-reference-strains
#11
Didem Kart, Ayşe Semra Kustimur, Meral Sağıroğlu, Ayşe Kalkancı
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans biofilms are major causes of catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Antimicrobial-coated or impregnated urinary catheters are seen as a possible way to prevent these infections. AIMS: To determine the biofilm-forming ability of 89 E. faecalis isolates from urinary tract infections and to compare several urinary catheters for antimicrobial durability and the inhibitory effects on biofilm formation of different laboratory strains and clinical isolates of E...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215132/may-car-washing-represent-a-risk-for-legionella-infection
#12
T Baldovin, A Pierobon, C Bertoncello, E Destefani, M Gennari, A Stano, V Baldo
BACKGROUND: Legionella is a ubiquitous Gram-negative bacterium naturally found in aquatic environments. It can pose a health problem when it grows and spreads in man-made water systems. Legionella pneumophila is the most common cause of Legionnaires' disease nowadays, a community-acquired pneumonia with pulmonary symptoms and chest radiography no different from any other form of infectious pneumonia. Legionella monitoring is important for public health reasons, including the identification of unusual environmental sources of Legionella...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214037/correlation-of-hypogammaglobulinaemia-with-proteinuria-and-the-relationship-between-hypogammaglobulinaemia-and-infection-in-active-lupus-nephritis
#13
Dawn Elaine Smilek, Noha Lim, Linna Ding, Sara G Murray, Betty Diamond, David Wofsy
Objective: To evaluate hypogammaglobulinaemia and risk of serious infectious adverse events in active lupus nephritis. Methods: The Abatacept and Cyclophosphamide Combination Efficacy and Safety Study (ACCESS) compared abatacept with placebo in participants with lupus nephritis undergoing treatment with Euro-Lupus Nephritis low-dose cyclophosphamide. Serum IgG levels were assessed prior to initiation of treatment and throughout the trial. Hypogammaglobulinaemia was defined as IgG <450 mg/dL...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212999/-a-case-of-hyperammonemia-resulting-from-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-urease-producing-bacteria-in-a-parkinson-s-disease-patient-with-drug-induced-urinary-retention
#14
Masahiro Yasunishi, Akihiro Koumura, Yuichi Hayashi, Shohei Nishida, Takashi Inuzuka
A 71-year-old woman with a 9-year history of Parkinson's disease was admitted to our hospital emergently because of consciousness disturbance. Her consciousness level was 200 on the Japan coma scale (JCS), and she presented with tenderness and distension of the lower abdomen. Brain computed tomography showed normal findings. Blood tests showed an increased ammonia level (209 μg/dl) with normal AST and ALT levels. We catheterized the bladder for urinary retention. Five hours after admission, the blood ammonia level decreased to 38 μg/dl, and her consciousness level improved dramatically...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211836/outbreak-of-severe-histoplasmosis-among-tunnel-workers-dominican-republic-2015
#15
P A Armstrong, J D Beard, L Bonilla, N Arboleda, M D Lindsley, S Chae, D Castillo, R Nuñez, T Chiller, M A de Perio, R Pimentel, S Vallabhaneni
Background: Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection associated with exposure to bat guano. An outbreak of an unknown severe febrile illness occurred among tunnel workers in the Dominican Republic (DR), and resulted in several deaths. We conducted an investigation to confirm etiology and recommend control measures. Methods: A case was defined as fever and ≥2 symptoms consistent with histoplasmosis in a tunnel worker, July-September, 2015. We interviewed workers and family members, reviewed medical records, tested serum and urine for Histoplasma antigen/antibody, and conducted a cohort study to identify risk factors for histoplasmosis and severe infection (intensive care)...
December 2, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211055/urinary-c-megalin-for-screening-of-renal-scarring-in-children-after-febrile-urinary-tract-infection
#16
Sohsaku Yamanouchi, Takahisa Kimata, Jiro Kino, Tetsuya Kitao, Chikushi Suruda, Shoji Tsuji, Hiroyuki Kurosawa, Yoshiaki Hirayama, Akihiko Saito, Kazunari Kaneko
BackgroundFebrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) in children may cause renal scarring. This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of urinary biomarkers for diagnosing renal scarring after fUTI.MethodsThirty-seven children (median age: 1.36 years, range: 0.52-12.17 years, 25 boys) with a history of fUTI, who underwent renal scintigraphy for 4 months or longer after the last episode of fUTI, were analyzed. A spot urine sample was obtained on the day of renal scintigraphy to measure levels of total protein, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), β2-microglobulin (BMG), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP), and C-megalin (full-length megalin)...
December 6, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210602/assessment-of-the-comparability-of-clsi-eucast-and-stokes-antimicrobial-susceptibility-profiles-for-escherichia-coli-uropathogenic-isolates
#17
C O'Halloran, N Walsh, M C O'Grady, L Barry, C Hooton, G D Corcoran, B Lucey
BACKGROUND: As many clinical laboratories convert between Stokes, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) and European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) methods, the problem of comparing differently derived sets of antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) data with each other arises, owing to a scarcity of knowledge of inter-method comparability. The purpose of the current study was to determine the comparability of CLSI, EUCAST and Stokes AST methods for determining susceptibility of uropathogenic Escherichia coli to ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, trimethoprim, cephradine/cephalexin, ciprofloxacin and nitrofurantoin...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209542/skin-lesions-associated-with-nutritional-management-of-maple-syrup-urine-disease
#18
Jaraspong Uaariyapanichkul, Puthita Saengpanit, Ponghatai Damrongphol, Kanya Suphapeetiporn, Sirinuch Chomtho
Introduction: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) metabolism. We report an infant with MSUD who developed 2 episodes of cutaneous lesions as a result of isoleucine deficiency and zinc deficiency, respectively. Case Presentation: A 12-day-old male infant was presented with poor milk intake and lethargy. The diagnosis of MSUD was made based on clinical and biochemical data. Management and Outcome: Specific dietary restriction of BCAAs was given...
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208666/epidemiology-of-uk-neonatal-infections-the-neonin-infection-surveillance-network
#19
Benjamin Cailes, Christina Kortsalioudaki, Jim Buttery, Santosh Pattnayak, Anne Greenough, Jean Matthes, Alison Bedford Russell, Nigel Kennea, Paul T Heath
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of neonatal infection over the past decade in UK neonatal units. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected infection surveillance network data from 2005 to 2014. SETTING: 30 neonatal units in the UK. PATIENTS: Newborns on participating neonatal units who had a positive blood, cerebrospinal fluid or urine culture and were treated with at least 5 days of appropriate antibiotics...
December 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208056/importation-mitigation-and-genomic-epidemiology-of-candida-auris-at-a-large-teaching-hospital
#20
Emil P Lesho, Melissa Z Bronstein, Patrick McGann, Jason Stam, Yoon Kwak, Rosslyn Maybank, Jodi McNamara, Megan Callahan, Jean Campbell, Mary K Hinkle, Edward E Walsh
OBJECTIVE Candida auris (CA) is an emerging multidrug-resistant pathogen associated with increased mortality. The environment may play a role, but transmission dynamics remain poorly understood. We sought to limit environmental and patient CA contamination following a sustained unsuspected exposure. DESIGN Quasi-experimental observation. SETTING A 528-bed teaching hospital. PATIENTS The index case patient and 17 collocated ward mates. INTERVENTION Immediately after confirmation of CA in the bloodstream and urine of a patient admitted 6 days previously, active surveillance, enhanced transmission-based precautions, environmental cleaning with peracetic acid-hydrogen peroxide and ultraviolet light, and patient relocation were undertaken...
December 6, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
84727
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"