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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471326/urinary-cytomegalovirus-shedding-in-the-united-states-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-1999-2004
#1
Minal M Amin, Stephanie R Bialek, Sheila C Dollard, Chengbin Wang
Background: There are no data on the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) shedding from a representative sample of the US population. This information is critical for understanding and preventing CMV. Methods: We tested urine specimens from CMV IgG-positive participants aged 6-49 years in three racial/ethnic groups from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 1999-2004 for the presence of CMV DNA with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470952/urinary-myeloperoxidase-to-creatinine-ratio-as-a-new-marker-for-monitoring-treatment-effects-of-urinary-tract-infection
#2
Mingjian Bai, Jing Feng, Guowei Liang
OBJECTIVE: We want to determine whether urinary myeloperoxidase to creatinine ratio could be served as a new marker for monitoring treatment effects of urinary tract infection or not. METHODS: A total of 328 patients suspected of UTI were enrolled in present study. Patients been received antibiotic therapy within two weeks were excluded (n = 26). Patients with urine contaminated specimens (n = 49) and negative urine culture results (n = 96) were also excluded, the remaining culture positive subjects (n = 157) were followed up for 7 to 14 days, finally, a total of 49 subjects were followed up and further divided into cure (n = 35) and none-cure (n = 14) subgroups according to urine culture results...
February 19, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470516/evaluation-of-diagnostic-methods-for-the-detection-of-intestinal-schistosomiasis-in-endemic-areas-with-low-parasite-loads-saline-gradient-helmintex-kato-katz-and-rapid-urine-test
#3
Warllem Junio Oliveira, Fernanda do Carmo Magalhães, Andressa Mariana Saldanha Elias, Vanessa Normandio de Castro, Vivian Favero, Catieli Gobetti Lindholz, Áureo Almeida Oliveira, Fernando Sergio Barbosa, Frederico Gil, Maria Aparecida Gomes, Carlos Graeff-Teixeira, Martin Johannes Enk, Paulo Marcos Zech Coelho, Mariângela Carneiro, Deborah Aparecida Negrão-Corrêa, Stefan Michael Geiger
BACKGROUND: In some tropical countries, such as Brazil, schistosomiasis control programs have led to a significant reduction in the prevalence and parasite burden of endemic populations. In this setting, the Kato-Katz technique, as the standard diagnostic method for the diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infections, which involves the analysis of two slides from one fecal sample, loses its sensitivity. As a result, a significant number of infected individuals are not detected. The objective of this study was to perform extensive parasitological testing of up to three fecal samples and include a rapid urine test (POC-CCA) in a moderate prevalence area in Northern Minas Gerais, Brazil, and evaluate the performance of each test separately and in combination...
February 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470485/an-innovative-hiv-testing-service-using-the-internet-anonymous-urine-delivery-testing-service-at-drugstores-in-beijing-china
#4
Xiaoxia He, Guowu Liu, Dongyan Xia, Xia Feng, Yi Lv, Huanyi Cheng, Yuehua Wang, Hongyan Lu, Yan Jiang
Innovative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing services will be needed to achieve the first 90 (90% of HIV-positive persons aware of their infection status) of the 90-90-90 target in China. Here, we describe an internet-based urine delivery testing service delivered through three pilot drugstores in Beijing that send specimens to a designated laboratory for HIV. From May 2016 to January 2017, we provided 500 HIV urine-testing service packs for display at the drugstores, and a total of 430 (86.0%) urine specimens were mailed back...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469957/the-effect-of-urine-concentration-and-ph-on-the-growth-of-escherichia-coli-in-canine-urine-in-vitro
#5
L A Thornton, R K Burchell, S E Burton, N Lopez-Villalobos, D Pereira, I MacEwan, C Fang, A C Hatmodjo, M A Nelson, A Grinberg, N Velathanthiri, A Gal
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract infections are common in dogs, and Escherichia coli is the most common bacterial pathogen isolated. The literature has conflicting evidence regarding the inhibitory effects of urine concentration and pH on E. coli growth. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of different pH and urine concentrations on E. coli growth in vitro. ANIMALS: Voided urine samples from 10 apparently healthy spayed female dogs were used...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469943/effects-of-diagnostic-work-up-on-medical-decision-making-for-canine-urinary-tract-infection-an-observational-study-in-danish-small-animal-practices
#6
T M Sørensen, C R Bjørnvad, G Cordoba, P Damborg, L Guardabassi, V Siersma, L Bjerrum, L R Jessen
BACKGROUND: Clinical signs of urinary tract disease in dogs often lead to prescription of antibiotics. Appropriate diagnostic work-up could optimize treatment and reduce the risk of inappropriate use of antibiotics. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe and evaluate the impact of diagnostic work-up on decision to treat (DTT) and choice of antibiotic treatment (COT) for dogs presenting with clinical signs of urinary tract disease. ANIMALS: One hundred and fifty-one dogs presenting to 52 Danish veterinary practices...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468401/the-role-of-the-genitourinary-microbiome-in-pediatric-urology-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Gerber, Catherine S Forster, Michael Hsieh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we highlight the effects of the microbiome on urologic diseases that affect the pediatric patient. RECENT FINDINGS: Perturbations in the urinary microbiome have been shown to be associated with a number of urologic diseases affecting children, namely urinary tract infection, overactive bladder/urge urinary incontinence, and urolithiasis. Recently, improved cultivation and sequencing technologies have allowed for the discovery of a significant and diverse microbiome in the bladder, previously assumed to be sterile...
February 22, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468000/an-accurate-diagnostic-pathway-helps-to-correctly-distinguish-between-the-possible-causes-of-acute-scrotum
#8
Beat Roth, Ioannis Giannakis, Meret Elisabeth Ricklin, George Niklaus Thalmann, Aristomenis Konstantinos Exadaktylos
Objectives: We sought to identify a simplified approach for the rapid differential diagnosis of patients presenting with acute scrotum. Methods: A total of 440 patients referred to the emergency department of the University Hospital of Bern, Switzerland, with acute scrotum between 2003 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Simple and multiple binary logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate clinical and laboratory parameters that may help to distinguish between genital/paragenital infection and acute testicular torsion...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467015/prevention-of-disease-progression-in-leishmania-infantum-infected-dogs-with-dietary-nucleotides-and-active-hexose-correlated-compound
#9
Sergi Segarra, Guadalupe Miró, Ana Montoya, Luis Pardo-Marín, Joan Teichenné, Lluís Ferrer, José Joaquín Cerón
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in clinically healthy dogs can be several times higher than that of clinical disease in endemic areas. Although treatment is not recommended in dogs with subclinical infection, these animals should be managed to prevent disease progression and parasite transmission to human beings or to other dogs. Dietary nucleotides and active hexose correlated compound (AHCC) have been shown to modulate the immune response. A recent study in dogs with clinical leishmaniosis receiving an initial 28-day course of methylglucamine antimoniate showed that six-month administration of a dietary supplement containing nucleotides plus AHCC achieves similar efficacy to allopurinol...
February 21, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465706/creating-innovative-sti-testing-options-for-university-students-the-impact-of-an-sti-self-testing-program
#10
Melissa A Habel, Kathryn A Brookmeyer, Robin Oliver-Veronesi, Shelley Haffner
BACKGROUND: National-level data suggest that STI testing rates among young adults are low. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acceptability of an STI self-testing program at a university health center. Few evaluations have been conducted on the acceptability of collegiate self-testing programs and their effect on testing uptake. METHODS: To assess acceptability and uptake of self-testing (urine and SCVS), we conducted a brief self-administered survey of students accessing a large US-based university health center from January - December 2015...
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465695/extragenital-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-in-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-missed-treatment-opportunities-for-hiv-infected-msm
#11
Leandro Mena, Richard A Crosby, Nicholas Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: This study of young Black MSM (YBMSM) assessed the prevalence of extra-genital chlamydia and gonorrhea among those testing negative for urethral infections, and compared prevalence of both by HIV status. METHODS: A convenience sample of 609 YBMSM was recruited for a cross-sectional study from two sexual health clinics located in Jackson, MS. To detect C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae, NAAT was performed on urine, rectal swabs, and oral swabs. OraSure was used to detect HIV...
October 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465295/predicting-complicated-outcomes-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-with-urinary-tract-infection-development-and-internal-validation-of-a-risk-model
#12
Sheng Si, Yan Yan, Brian M Fuller, Stephen Y Liang
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic SCI hospitalized for UTI can have significant morbidity. It is unclear whether SIRS criteria, SOFA score, or quick SOFA score can be used to predict complicated outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. A risk prediction model was developed and internally validated using bootstrapping methodology. SETTING: Urban, academic hospital in St. Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS: 402 hospitalizations for UTI between October 1, 2010 and September 30, 2015, arising from 164 patients with chronic SCI, were included in the final analysis...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464459/a-diaper-pad-for-diaper-based-urine-collection-and-colorimetric-screening-of-urinary-biomarkers
#13
Haakon Karlsen, Tao Dong, Zhenhe Suo
The high prevalence of urinary tract infection in aging adults is a challenging aspect of geriatric care. Incontinence and cognitive/functional impairment make collection of urine samples difficult and often require either catheterization for sample collection, which is a risk factor for infections, or more lenient criteria for initiating antibiotic treatment. We report the development of a diaper inlay with absorbent materials, superabsorbent polymer-based valve and chemical reaction pads for rapid screening of urinary tract infection of incontinent diaper-wearing elderly receivers of home care services...
February 20, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464201/prediction-of-early-bk-virus-infection-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-by-the-number-of-cells-with-intranuclear-inclusion-bodies-decoy-cells
#14
Yoshiteru Yamada, Tomohiro Tsuchiya, Isao Inagaki, Mitsuru Seishima, Takashi Deguchi
Background: BK virus (BKV) is the cause of nephropathy. Because BKV nephropathy can progress to graft loss, early diagnosis of BKV infection is very important. In this study, we aimed to investigate the utility of quantifying cells with intranuclear inclusion bodies (decoy cells) in urinary sediment for the screening and monitoring of BKV infection in renal transplant recipients at our hospital. Methods: This was a retrospective single-center study. Urine sediment examination was performed at each outpatient visit, and the number of decoy cells was measured in the whole microscopic field...
February 2018: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460313/response-to-queries-on-the-use-of-urine-dipstick-tests-for-infants-with-unexplained-fever
#15
MarÃa Luisa Herreros, Alfredo Tagarro, Alfonso Caà Ete, Pablo Gili
We would like to thank Dr Panghal et al (1) for their insightful comments on our paper on how urine dipsticks can aid decision-making when treating infants with unexplained fever (2). The applicability of the study may have been affected by our inclusion criteria, namely patients at high risk for invasive bacterial infection, and that limitation is assessed and justified in the paper (2). This selection bias avoided the ethical dilemma of performing invasive tests for urine collection on healthy young patients...
February 20, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459607/forgotten-encrusted-ureteral-stents-removal-multimodal-endourologic-approach
#16
P K Saha, M S Hossain, K C Ghosh, M S Alam, S Nabi, B K Saha, F H Pathan
Ureteral stent placement is a common procedure in urologic practice. Forgotten, encrusted D/J stents represent a difficult problem for urologists. The major complications are infection, impaired renal function, migration, encrustation, stone formation and multiple fragmentation of stent. A consensus on the best therapeutic approach is still lacking. Here we present our experience with endoscopic management of this challenging problem and discuss the multimodal endourologic approaches for treating forgotten, encrusted ureteral stents...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459597/prevalence-of-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-non-fermentative-pseudomonas-species-from-clinical-isolates-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#17
M N Islam, D Ahmed, M A Hossain, C R Ahsan, M Yasmin
Antimicrobial drug resistance, a global concern, has been increasing unpredictably in microorganism causing human infections specially among Gram negative non-fermenting Pseudomonas spp. Carbapenems, a beta lactam antibiotics, are the most potent and effective drug usually kept reserved for treating the multi-drug resistant Psedomonas spp and other infections caused by organisms producing Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC. Clinical utility of carbapenem will reduce when resistant bacteria evolve due to production of carbapenem hydrolyzing Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) which confers high-level resistance to all beta-lactam antibiotics except aztreonam...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458443/epidemiology-and-control-measures-of-an-oxa-48-producing-enterobacteriaceae-hospital-wide-oligoclonal-outbreak
#18
V Pérez-Blanco, L Redondo-Bravo, G Ruíz-Carrascoso, J R Paño-Pardo, R Gómez-Gil, A Robustillo-Rodela, J García-Rodríguez, J Mingorance, R Herruzo
The main objective of our study was to describe the epidemiological and microbiological features of an oligoclonal hospital-wide outbreak caused by OXA-48-producing Enterobacteriaceae (OXA-48-PE). OXA-48 is a carbapenemase belonging to Ambler class D beta-lactamases, identified frequently in the Mediterranean and Southern European countries, and associated with several Enterobacteriaceae species. An outbreak of OXA-48-PE with a complex epidemic pattern was detected in January 2011. Initial control measures included contact precautions and the reinforcement of infection control practices, but despite all efforts made, the epidemiological situation hardly changed and new measures were implemented during 2013...
February 20, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457734/role-of-nutrient-limitation-in-the-competition-between-uropathogenic-strains-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-and-escherichia-coli-in-mixed-biofilms
#19
Guillermo E Juarez, Estela M Galván
Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli form mixed species biofilms in catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Recently, a detrimental effect of K. pneumoniae over E. coli was observed in mixed species biofilms grown in an artificial urine medium. The mechanism behind this competitive interaction was studied. K. pneumoniae partially outcompeted E. coli in early-stage batch-fed biofilms, whereas both microorganisms co-exist at longer times (K. pneumoniae:E. coli ratio, 55:1), as shown by cell counts and confocal microscopy...
February 19, 2018: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456981/prevalence-of-ctx-m-and-tem-%C3%AE-lactamases-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-from-patients-with-urinary-tract-infection-al-zahra-hospital-isfahan-iran
#20
Nafiseh Maleki, Zahra Tahanasab, Sina Mobasherizadeh, Aliakbar Rezaei, Jamshid Faghri
Background: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing is a significant resistant mechanism to β-lactams in Enterobacteriaceae , especially in Klebsiella pneumoniae . The main objectives of this study were to genetically characterize urinary clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae through the investigating of blaTEM , blaCTX-M and using molecular typing by Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) method. We also determined the frequency of antibiotic resistance of K...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
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