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renal pancreas transplant

Arvind U Gowda, Colton H L McNichols, Ishan Asokan, Jamil A Matthews, E Bryan Buckingham, Jennifer Sabino, John S Maddox, Sheri Slezak, Yvonne Rasko, Devinder P Singh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of incisional hernia repair in solid organ transplant patients using non-cross-linked porcine acellular dermal matrix (PADM), human derived acellular dermal matrix (HADM) and synthetic mesh. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent hernia repair with PADM after pancreas and/or renal transplant at the University of Maryland Medical Center from 2008 to 2012 was conducted. Repair type, postoperative infection, hernia recurrence, mesh removal, and length of follow-up were recorded...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
L F A Guimarães, M Halpern, A S de Lemos, E F de Gouvêa, R T Gonçalves, M A A da Rosa Santos, M Nucci, G Santoro-Lopes
INTRODUCTION: Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is an important complication after solid organ transplantation (SOT). A marked geographic variation in the epidemiology of IFD after kidney transplantation (KT) has been suggested by the results of previous studies. Nevertheless, data from Latin American centers are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to describe the epidemiology of IFD at a Brazilian KT center. METHODS: This study was a retrospective single-center cohort study that included patients who underwent KT between 1998 and 2009 and were followed up until July 2015...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
L V Kroth, F F Barreiro, D Saitovitch, M A Traesel, D O L d'Avila, C E Poli-de-Figueiredo
Acute graft pyelonephritis is a very common infection in renal transplantation. The impact of acute graft pyelonephritis (AGPN) on graft and patient outcome has not yet been established. Eight hundred seventy kidney and kidney-pancreas transplants were retrospectively studied, over last 13 years, to verify occurrence of AGPN in the first 30 days post-transplantation. We found that 112 patients (15.8%) presented post-transplantatiom AGPN up to 30 days after a kidney transplantation. The occurrence was higher in older patients (P = ...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri, Edoardo De Werra, Gianluca Mascianà, Francesco Guerra, Gabriele Spoletini, Quirino Lai
Minimally invasive surgical approaches in transplantation are gaining increasing interest, and many centers are reporting their, mainly laparoscopic, experiences. Robotic surgery (RS) has some hypothetical advantages over traditional laparoscopy, and has been successfully applied, although infrequently to organ transplantation. Our goal was to review and critique the publications reporting RS use in organ transplantation. Most of the RS experience has been with living renal donor organ procurement and, to a lesser extent, with RS procedures in the transplant recipient...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
L Badet, X Matillon, R Codas, J Branchereau, G Karam, M-O Timsit, R Thuret, F Kleinclauss
OBJECTIVES: To perform a State of The Art about the different aspects of pancreas transplantation such as indications, technical features, immunosuppressive strategies and outcomes of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive systematic review of the scientific literature was performed in the Medline database ( and Embase ( using different associations of the following keywords (MESH) : « pancreas transplantation; kidney transplantation; simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation; immunosuppression »...
October 6, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Valerian Ciprian Lucan, Luisa Berardinelli
Modern immunosuppressive therapy has produced a real revolution in renal and organ transplantation but it comes with the price of multiple side effects. There are many gastrointestinal (GI) complications that are the consequence of transplant immunosuppressant medication. In fact, for any immunosuppressant therapy, certain standardized precepts and attitudes that aim to reduce the incidence and the impact of the medication side effects must be applied. Many patients undergo renal transplantation and the physicians have to be aware of the advantages and the risks associated...
September 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Anne Rebafka
BACKGROUND: Whether or not patients follow the advice given by their healthcare professional is commonly referred to as adherence. In the case of kidney transplantation, transplant recipients need to take immunosuppressive drugs on a regular basis to prevent rejection of their transplant. However, medication adherence can be problematic for many patients. OBJECTIVES: This critical appraisal of evidence aimed to gain insights into factors contributing to adherence and non-adherence in recipients of kidney transplants, and to explore patients' perceptions regarding adherence to immunosuppression...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Renal Care
M Karakose, F A Pinarli, M S Arslan, G Boyuk, B Boztok, A Albayrak, A T Ulus, E Cakal, T Delibasi
BACKGROUND: Currently, the most commonly used site for clinical islet transplantation is the liver although it is far from being an ideal site. Low oxygen tension and the induction of an inflammatory response impair islet implantation and lead to significant early loss of islet. The present study aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy of islet transplantation to the ovary and kidney subcapsule in diabetic rats. METHODS: The study was performed with 3 groups of rats (control, ovary, and kidney subcapsule) including 6 Sprague female rats each...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
F Torlak, M U S Ayvaci, M E Ahsen, C Arce, M A Vazquez, B Tanriover
BACKGROUND: On December 4, 2014, a new deceased donor kidney allocation system (KAS) was implemented. The KAS was designed to improve organ equity and graft-recipient longevity matching. However, estimated wait-time to deceased donor transplantation is difficult to predict post-KAS. METHODS: Using the Kidney-Pancreas Simulated Allocation Model software (KPSAM), a program that the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network uses to assess policy proposals, we compared the kidney allocations of both the new (post-KAS) and old policies (pre-KAS) (10 iterations for each group; total N = 204,148) and estimated wait-time based on blood type, duration of dialysis exposure, and calculated panel-reactive antibody (CPRA)...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
T Grochowiecki, K Madej, Z Gałązka, T Jakimowicz, M Jędrasik, P Świercz, K Łukawski, L Pączek, M Durlik, S Nazarewski, J Szmidt
OBJECTIVE: Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (spktx) is the multiorgan transplantation. Thus various complications originated from transplanted organs and the complications that are not directly related to pancreatic or renal grafts could be developed at the same recipient. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore whether there is a correlation between the severity of complications originated from transplanted pancreas, transplanted kidney and general surgical complication developed at the same spktx recipient...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
T Grochowiecki, K Madej, Z Gałązka, T Jakimowicz, M Jędrasik, K Grygiel, L Pączek, M Durlik, S Nazarewski, J Szmidt
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPKTx) is the most commonly performed multiorgan transplantation procedure worldwide. Transplanted organs are the main source of complication; however, some postoperative complications are not directly related to the pancreatic or renal grafts. The goal of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, type, and severity of postoperative complications not related to transplanted kidney or pancreas among SPKTx recipients. METHODS: Complications unrelated to transplanted pancreas and kidneys among 112 SPKTx recipients were analyzed...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Michael Wilson
Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant (SPKT) is an accepted approach and the treatment of choice in patients with type 1 diabetes with accompanying end-stage renal disease. Charcot's neuroarthropathy of the foot (CN) is a fairly common and devastating complication found in patients with long-standing, mostly uncontrolled, diabetes. However, CN has also been identified as a posttransplant consequence of SPKT. Traditional postoperative immunosuppressive therapy, particularly the use of corticosteroids, is acknowledged as an additional risk factor for the development of de novo CN after SPKT...
July 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Jørn Petter Lindahl, Richard John Massey, Anders Hartmann, Svend Aakhus, Knut Endresen, Anne Günther, Karsten Midtvedt, Hallvard Holdaas, Torbjørn Leivestad, Rune Horneland, Ole Øyen, Trond Jenssen
BACKGROUND: In recipients with type 1 diabetes, we aimed to determine whether long-term normoglycemia achieved by successful simultaneous pancreas and kidney (SPK) transplantation could beneficially affect progression of coronary artery disease (CAD) when compared with transplantation of a kidney-alone from a living donor (LDK). METHODS: In 42 kidney transplant recipients with functioning grafts who had received either SPK (n = 25) or LDK (n = 17), we studied angiographic progression of CAD between baseline (pretransplant) and follow-up at 7 years or older...
June 1, 2016: Transplantation
W H She, T T Cheung, C R Jenkins, M G Irwin
Ultrasound has been developed for therapeutic use in addition to its diagnostic ability. The use of focused ultrasound energy can offer a non-invasive method for tissue ablation, and can therefore be used to treat various solid tumours. High-intensity focused ultrasound is being increasingly used in the treatment of both primary and metastatic tumours as these can be precisely located for ablation. It has been shown to be particularly useful in the treatment of uterine fibroids, and various solid tumours including those of the pancreas and liver...
August 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Bernadette Li, John A Cairns, Matthew L Robb, Rachel J Johnson, Christopher J E Watson, John L Forsythe, Gabriel C Oniscu, Rommel Ravanan, Christopher Dudley, Paul Roderick, Wendy Metcalfe, Charles R Tomson, J Andrew Bradley
BACKGROUND: The influence of donor and recipient factors on outcomes following kidney transplantation is commonly analysed using Cox regression models, but this approach is not useful for predicting long-term survival beyond observed data. We demonstrate the application of a flexible parametric approach to fit a model that can be extrapolated for the purpose of predicting mean patient survival. The primary motivation for this analysis is to develop a predictive model to estimate post-transplant survival based on individual patient characteristics to inform the design of alternative approaches to allocating deceased donor kidneys to those on the transplant waiting list in the United Kingdom...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Nasrollah Ghahramani
Limited organ availability in all countries has stimulated discussion about incentives to increase donation. Since 1988, Iran has operated the only government-sponsored paid living donor (LD) kidney transplant program. This article reviews aspects of the Living Unrelated Donor program and development of deceased donation in Iran. Available evidence indicates that in the partially regulated Iranian Model, the direct negotiation between donors and recipients fosters direct monetary relationship with no safeguards against mutual exploitation...
June 2016: Transplantation
Oluwafisayo O Adebiyi, Jane Gralla, Patrick Klem, Brian Freed, Scott Davis, Alexander Wiseman, James E Cooper
Antibodies to donor specific HLA antigens (DSA) detected by single antigen bead (SAB) analysis prior to kidney transplant have been associated with inferior graft outcomes. However, studies of pre-transplant DSA specifically in the setting of a negative flow cytometry crossmatch (FCXM) without desensitization therapy are limited. 660 kidney and kidney/pancreas recipients with a negative pre-transplant FCXM from 09/2007 to 08/2012 without desensitization therapy were analyzed with a median follow-up of 4.2 years...
May 3, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
S Orihuela, M Nin, S San Román, O Noboa, L Curi, R Silvariño, F González-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation increases the possibilities of pregnancy in women of reproductive age. The course of pregnancy was analyzed retrospectively in patients with kidney or kidney-pancreas transplant, surveying maternal-fetal or renal graft complications and the relation with pre-pregnancy renal function. METHODS: A cohort that includes all the kidney transplant recipients who went through pregnancy in Uruguay in a period of 28 years is described. Forty pregnancies in 32 patients were registered; the average time between the kidney transplant and the beginning of the gestation period was 47 months...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Shruti Mittal, Pratik Choudhary, Chris Callaghan, Rachel Hilton, Martin Drage
Chronic conditions have largely replaced opportunistic infections as the leading causes of mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Pancreas transplantation alone can be performed for people with difficult to manage diabetes associated with severe hypoglycaemic unawareness. For carefully selected patients, pancreas transplantation alone has the potential to dramatically improve quality and quantity of life. Historically, HIV was considered a contraindication to transplantation; however, today renal transplantation for people with end-stage kidney disease and HIV infection is increasingly common...
April 20, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Robert J Stratta, Jonathan A Fridell, Angelika C Gruessner, Jon S Odorico, Rainer W G Gruessner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past decade, the annual number of pancreas transplants performed in the United States has steadily declined. The purpose of this review is to discuss the multifactorial nature of this decline. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2014, only 954 pancreas transplants were performed in the United States. From 2004 to 2011, the annual number of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplants in the United States declined by 10%, whereas the corresponding annual decreases in pancreas after kidney and pancreas transplants alone were 55 and 34%, respectively...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
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