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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319322/an-analysis-of-the-survival-outcomes-of-simultaneous-pancreas-and-kidney-transplantation-compared-to-live-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-uk-transplant-registry-study
#1
Adam D Barlow, Kourosh Saeb-Parsy, Christopher J E Watson
BACKGROUND: Transplant options for patients with type 1 diabetes and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) include deceased donor kidney, live donor kidney (LDK) and simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes between LDK and SPK for patients with type 1 diabetes and ESRD in the UK. METHODS: Data on all SPK (n=1739) and LDK (n=385) transplants performed between January 2001 and December 2014 were obtained from the UK Transplant Registry...
March 20, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272287/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-de-novo-cancers-excluding-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-after-liver-transplantation-for-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#2
Mohamad A Mouchli, Siddharth Singh, Edward V Loftus, Lisa Boardman, Jayant Talwalkar, Charles B Rosen, Julie K Heimbach, Russell H Wiesner, Bashar Hasan, John J Poterucha, Kymberly D Watt
BACKGROUND: Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) may be at higher of risk of malignancy after liver transplantation (LT) compared to other LT recipients. We aimed to determine the cumulative incidence of/risk factors for and long-term cancer-related mortality in patients with PSC after LT. METHODS: All adult patients who underwent LT for PSC without cholangiocarcinoma from 1984-2012, with follow-up through June 2015. We estimated cumulative incidence, risk factors and mortality from de novo malignancies after LT RESULTS: 293 patients were identified (mean age, 47±12 years; 63...
March 8, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260427/annual-data-for-kidney-transplant-services-in-kuwait-2015
#3
Yahya M Makkeyah, Turki Al-Otaibi, Narayanan Nampoory, Prasad Nair, Mostafa Al-Mousawi, Mahmoud Samhan, Alaa Gawish, Tarek Said, Medhat A Halim, Osama Gheith
OBJECTIVES: Renal transplant services have been provided by the Hamed Al-Essa Organ Transplant Center in Ibn Sina Hospital since 1979 for Kuwaitis and non-Kuwaiti citizens residing in Kuwait. We aimed to monitor the activity and outcome of annual renal transplants in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on transplant patients were collected from hospital records from January 1, 2015, through December 31, 2015, at Ibn Sina Hospital. RESULTS: Eighty-one patients underwent a renal transplant in Kuwait in 2015; 46 patients (56...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176480/de-novo-thrombotic-microangiopathy-following-simultaneous-pancreas-and-kidney-transplantation-managed-with-eculizumab
#4
REVIEW
Lani Shochet, John Kanellis, Ian Simpson, Joseph Ta, William Mulley
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a well-recognised complication following transplantation, often due to an underlying genetic predisposition, medications or rejection. The use of eculizumab in these settings has been previously described, but its role still remains to be clarified. A 45-year-old man, with a history of type 1 diabetes mellitus and subsequent end-stage kidney failure, presented for a simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant. Immunologically, he was well matched with the donor, and he received standard induction immunosuppression including tacrolimus...
February 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148909/en-bloc-transplant-of-the-liver-kidney-and-pancreas-experience-from-a-latin-american-transplant-center
#5
Luis A Caicedo, Jorge I Villegas, Oscar Serrano, Mauricio Millán, Mauricio Sepúlveda, Diego Jiménez, Jairo García, Juan G Posada, Liliana Mesa, Carlos Duran, Johanna Schweineberg, Diana Dávalos, Eliana Manzi, Angie Sabogal, Ana María Aristizabal, Gabriel J Echeverri
BACKGROUND En-bloc transplantation is a surgical procedure in which multiple organs are transplanted simultaneously. It has some similarities with multi-organ transplantation but offers certain advantages. This report highlights the experience of our interdisciplinary group regarding the treatment and follow-up of patients who received en-bloc transplantation, with the aim of encouraging the development of this surgical technique. CASE REPORT The first case is a 38-year-old patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus, liver cirrhosis, and chronic kidney failure who received an en-bloc transplant of the liver, pancreas, and kidney with no intraoperative complications...
February 2, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110269/genetic-predictors-of-long-term-graft-function-in-kidney-and-pancreas-transplant-patients
#6
Claire E Duff, Matthew J Simmonds
Kidney and pancreas transplantation have helped transform the lives of people with end-stage renal failure and individuals with type 1 diabetes who have poor glycaemic control/severe secondary complications, respectively. Despite an improvement in immunosuppressive regimes, operative techniques and decreased initial rejection rates, there has been little improvement in long-term graft survival rates over the past decade. Whilst limited progress has been made in establishing clinical markers of graft function, several genetic markers of long-term graft function have been identified...
January 20, 2017: Briefings in Functional Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107792/noteworthy-literature-published-in-2016-for-abdominal-organ-transplant-anesthesiologists
#7
Jeron Zerillo, Sang Kim, Bryan Hill, Samuel DeMaria, Tetsuro Sakai
More than 400 peer-reviewed publications on the topic of pancreas transplantation, more than 400 on intestine transplantation, and more than 3000 on renal transplantation were published in 2016. This review will highlight the most pertinent literature for anesthesiologists caring for patients undergoing non-liver abdominal organ transplantation. This review is the second part in an annual series to review relevant contributions in the field of abdominal organ transplantation focusing on pancreas, intestine, and renal transplantation...
January 1, 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027829/complications-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-following-solid-organ-transplantation
#8
Mitchell R Klement, Colin T Penrose, Abiram Bala, Cynthia L Green, Richard C Mather, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
PURPOSE: Solid organ transplants (SOT) continue to increase with recipients living longer than ever before. The lifelong immunosuppression in these patients also may place them at increased risk for postoperative complications. The efficacy of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in this patient population is undisputed but previous studies investigating the complication profiles in these patients often are underpowered to identify rare complications as well as make comparisons between individual organs...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994337/management-of-graft-duodenal-leak-in-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplant-a-case-report-from-india-and-review-of-literature
#9
REVIEW
Sunil Kumar, Sarbpreet Singh, Deepesh Benjamin Kenwar, Manish Rathi, Sanjay Bhadada, Ashish Sharma, Vikas Gupta, Anil Bhansali, Anupam Lal, Mukut Minz
Pancreatic transplantation is currently the only effective cure for Type 1 diabetes mellitus. It allows long-term glycemic control without exogenous insulin and amelioration of secondary diabetic complications. In India, pancreas transplant has not yet established with only a single successful transplant reported so far in the literature. We report a 24-year-old Type 1 diabetic patient with renal failure who underwent a simultaneous pancreas kidney transplant. On postoperative day 15, he had leak from the graft duodenal stump for which a tube duodenostomy and proximal diversion enterostomy was done...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932140/influence-of-donor-and-recipient-ages-in-survival-of-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation
#10
A J Arenas-Bonilla, J P Campos-Hernández, J Carrasco-Valiente, F J Márquez-López, J M Ruiz-García, A Sánchez-Gónzalez, J J Salamanca-Bustos, J C Regueiro-López, M D Navarro-Cabello, M J Requena-Tapia
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) is a well treatment for patients with insulin-dependent diabetes and end-stage renal disease. Donor age is a barrier to the acceptance of organs. Age matching has been extensively studied in kidney transplantation; however, there are no studies in graft survival after SPKT. We aimed to study the combined influence of the ages of the donors and recipients in graft survival after SPKT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Donors and recipients are classified as younger (age <40 years) or older (age ≥40 years)...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932108/donor-specific-antibodies-after-starting-hemodialysis-in-nonrenal-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-role-of-th17
#11
M L Agüera, A R Hurtarte, M A Álvarez de Lara, M D Aumente, A Carmona, J Carracedo, P Aljama, A Rodríguez Benot
BACKGROUND: Nonrenal transplantation could cause a progressive deterioration in renal function until need dialysis. It is important to know if these patients increased their risk to develop de novo donor-specific anti-HLA antibody (DSA) after starting hemodialysis (HD) and if so, try to find the mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this double-phase study, we first analyzed the incidence of development DSA in nonrenal transplant recipients after starting HD by a retrospective study...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932102/kidney-transplantation-results-in-very-highly-sensitized-patients-included-in-a-virtual-crossmatch-program-analysis-of-kidney-pairs
#12
A Mazuecos, A Alvarez, A Nieto, M A Gentil, M Cabello, A Rodriguez-Benot, C Gracia, F Gonzalez, P Castro, M Alonso
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation in highly-sensitized (HS) patients can improve with organ-exchange strategies based on virtual crossmatch (V-XM). Experience in very-HS patients is limited. METHODS: In June 2012, Andalusia started a V-XM protocol for very-HS patients (calculated panel reactive antibodies ≥95%). After organ allocation a cytotoxic-XM performed immediately before transplantation had to be negative for surgery to proceed. We analyzed results up until December 2015...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900974/disseminated-mycobacteria-chelonae-infection-in-a-kidney-pancreas-transplant-recipient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Shafi Malik, Ananda Ghosh, Shahid Husain
A 40-year-old male with a long-standing history of type 1 diabetes with end-stage renal failure underwent combined kidney-pancreas (KP) transplant from a standard criteria donor. Post-operative course was uncomplicated with good primary function of both transplant grafts. Induction was with thymoglobulin and maintenance immunosuppression was with tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone. Nine weeks post-transplant, the patient developed dysfunction of both grafts. Panel reactive antibody testing revealed that the patient had developed a de novo donor-specific antibody and considering an antibody-mediated rejection the patient was treated with intravenous pulse methyl prednisone 500 mg ×3 doses, IV immunoglobulin 2 mg/kg in two divided doses, and ATG 7 mg/kg (total dose of 700 mg)...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849440/use-of-cidofovir-for-cytomegalovirus-disease-refractory-to-ganciclovir-in-solid-organ-recipients
#14
Hugo Bonatti, Costi D Sifri, Clara Larcher, Stefan Schneeberger, Camille Kotton, Christian Geltner
BACKGROUND: Solid organ transplantation (SOT) frequently is complicated by cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections. Cidofovir (CDV) is active against CMV, including many ganciclovir (GCV)-resistant mutants, but often is considered to be too nephrotoxic for use after organ transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven males and two females (median age 50.1 years), including two kidney/pancreas, four lung, one small bowel, and two hand recipients, received CDV for refractory CMV disease...
February 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801416/-evaluation-of-markers-for-renal-graft-dysfunction-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-after-kidney-transplantation-and-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation
#15
A M Glazunova, M S Arutyunova, E V Tarasov, L V Nikankina, A V Il'in, M Sh Shamkhalova, M V Shestakova, Ya G Moisyuk
AIM: To study the markers of renal graft dysfunction in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) after kidney transplantation (KT) and simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation enrolled 20 patients after successful SPKT and 41 patients after KT (of them 21 received continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion with an insulin doser; 20 had multiple insulin injections). The periods after KT and SPKT at patient inclusion were 8 (7; 8) and 11 (8; 18) months, respectively...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788796/surveillance-registry-of-sirolimus-use-in-recipients-of-kidney-allografts-from-expanded-criteria-donors
#16
G Laham, R Scuteri, P Cornicelli, M Arriola, P M Raffaele, M Davalos Michel, N Imperiali, R M Fortunato, E C Maggiora, M V Sal, G Soler Pujol
BACKGROUND: The use of expanded criteria donor (ECD) kidneys has increased the overall availability of renal transplants. This study assessed the use of sirolimus in patients receiving Argentina-ECD kidneys. METHODS: This observational, open-label, 1-arm, prospective, longitudinal pilot study was conducted at 8 transplant centers in Argentina. Adults receiving kidney transplants (without pancreas) from ECDs were eligible if they were converted to sirolimus 1 to 36 months' posttransplantation, with sirolimus becoming base therapy within 1 month after conversion...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759588/porcine-acellular-dermal-matrix-for-hernia-repair-in-transplant-patients
#17
Arvind U Gowda, Colton H L McNichols, Ishan Asokan, Jamil A Matthews, E Bryan Buckingham, Jennifer Sabino, John S Maddox, Sheri Slezak, Yvonne Rasko, Devinder P Singh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of incisional hernia repair in solid organ transplant patients using non-cross-linked porcine acellular dermal matrix (PADM), human derived acellular dermal matrix (HADM) and synthetic mesh. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent hernia repair with PADM after pancreas and/or renal transplant at the University of Maryland Medical Center from 2008 to 2012 was conducted. Repair type, postoperative infection, hernia recurrence, mesh removal, and length of follow-up were recorded...
December 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742285/invasive-fungal-disease-in-renal-transplant-recipients-at-a-brazilian-center-local-epidemiology-matters
#18
L F A Guimarães, M Halpern, A S de Lemos, E F de Gouvêa, R T Gonçalves, M A A da Rosa Santos, M Nucci, G Santoro-Lopes
INTRODUCTION: Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is an important complication after solid organ transplantation (SOT). A marked geographic variation in the epidemiology of IFD after kidney transplantation (KT) has been suggested by the results of previous studies. Nevertheless, data from Latin American centers are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to describe the epidemiology of IFD at a Brazilian KT center. METHODS: This study was a retrospective single-center cohort study that included patients who underwent KT between 1998 and 2009 and were followed up until July 2015...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742283/acute-graft-pyelonephritis-occurring-up-to-30-days-after-kidney-transplantation-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-survival
#19
L V Kroth, F F Barreiro, D Saitovitch, M A Traesel, D O L d'Avila, C E Poli-de-Figueiredo
Acute graft pyelonephritis is a very common infection in renal transplantation. The impact of acute graft pyelonephritis (AGPN) on graft and patient outcome has not yet been established. Eight hundred seventy kidney and kidney-pancreas transplants were retrospectively studied, over last 13 years, to verify occurrence of AGPN in the first 30 days post-transplantation. We found that 112 patients (15.8%) presented post-transplantatiom AGPN up to 30 days after a kidney transplantation. The occurrence was higher in older patients (P = ...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726195/the-use-of-robotic-surgery-in-abdominal-organ-transplantation-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Giovanni B Levi Sandri, Edoardo de Werra, Gianluca Mascianà, Francesco Guerra, Gabriele Spoletini, Quirino Lai
Minimally invasive surgical approaches in transplantation are gaining increasing interest, and many centers are reporting their, mainly laparoscopic, experiences. Robotic surgery (RS) has some hypothetical advantages over traditional laparoscopy and has been successfully applied, although infrequently to organ transplantation. Our goal was to review and critique the publications reporting RS use in organ transplantation. Most of the RS experience has been with living renal donor organ procurement and, to a lesser extent, with RS procedures in the transplant recipient...
January 2017: Clinical Transplantation
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