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CD 44

Mitsuro Chiba, Tsuyotoshi Tsuji, Kunio Nakane, Satoko Tsuda, Hajime Ishii, Hideo Ohno, Kenta Watanabe, Mai Ito, Masafumi Komatsu, Takeshi Sugawara
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30% of patients with Crohn disease (CD) are unresponsive to biologics. No previous study has focused on a plant-based diet in an induction phase of CD treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the remission rate of infliximab combined with a plant-based diet as first-line (IPF) therapy for CD. METHODS: This was a prospective single-group trial conducted at tertiary hospitals. Subjects included consecutive adults with a new diagnosis (n = 26), children with a new diagnosis (n = 11), and relapsing adults (n = 9) with CD who were naïve to treatment with biologics...
2017: Permanente Journal
C Martineau, B Flourié, P Wils, T Vaysse, R Altwegg, A Buisson, A Amiot, G P de Chambrun, V Abitbol, M Fumery, X Hébuterne, S Viennot, D Laharie, L Beaugerie, S Nancey, H Sokol
BACKGROUND: Anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) agents have improved the care of Crohn's disease (CD). After the first anti-TNF discontinuation, it is possible to switch to another anti-TNF. Three anti-TNF agents are available for ulcerative colitis (infliximab, adalimumab and golimumab), but only the first 2 have been approved for CD because golimumab has not been studied for this indication. AIM: To report the efficacy and safety of golimumab in CD. METHODS: Crohn's disease patients who received golimumab were identified in 12 French tertiary centres and were retrospectively analysed...
October 13, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Michelle S Lau, Peter D Mooney, William L White, Michael A Rees, Simon H Wong, Matthew Kurien, Nick Trott, Daniel A Leffler, Marios Hadjivassiliou, David S Sanders
OBJECTIVES: Mucosal healing is important in celiac disease (CD) for the prevention of complications. However, obtaining duodenal biopsies is invasive, and there is currently no reliable surrogate marker for histological remission in clinical practice. We aimed to assess the role of a point-of-care test (POCT) based on IgA/IgG-deamidated gliadin peptide, in detecting persistent villous atrophy (VA) in CD. METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients with CD attending endoscopy for the assessment of histological remission...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Yanqin Miao, Peng Tao, Kexiang Wang, Hongxin Li, Bo Zhao, Long Gao, Hua Wang, Bingshe Xu, Qiang Zhao
Two highly efficient red neutral iridium(III) complexes, Ir1 and Ir2, were rationally designed and synthesized by selecting two pyridylimidazole derivatives as the ancillary ligands. Both Ir1 and Ir2 show nearly the same photoluminescence emission with the maximum peak at 595 nm (shoulder band at about 638 nm), and achieve high solution quantum yields up to 0.47 for Ir1 and 0.57 for Ir2, respectively. Employing Ir1 and Ir2 as emitters, the fabricated red organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) show outstanding performance with the maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE), current efficiency (CE), and power efficiency (PE) of 20...
October 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ji Y Park, Daegy Hong, Ji Young Park
In endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EEC), the depth of myometrial invasion (MI) is an important parameter for determining whether additional treatment is warranted. The present study investigated the association between MI patterns, cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotypes, and their clinicopathological significance in EEC. A total of 73 cases of EEC with MI were examined in this study. Haematoxylin and eosin-stained tissue specimens were analysed for MI pattern, which was categorised as infiltrating; expansile; adenomyosis (AM)-like; or microcystic, elongated, and fragmented (MELF)-type...
October 8, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Jiankai Wang, Wenjuan Wang, Hongyi Cai, Binbin Du, Lijuan Zhang, Wen Ma, Yongguo Hu, Shifang Feng, Guoying Miao
With regards to colon cancer, resistance to 5‑fluorouracil (5‑FU)‑based chemotherapy and cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered important factors underlying therapy failure. Metastasis‑associated colon cancer 1 (MACC1) has been associated with poor prognosis and the promotion of metastasis within several types of cancer. However, the biological behavior of MACC1 in chemoresistance and CSC‑like properties remains unclear. In the present study, various methods including gene knockdown, gene overexpression, western blotting, quantitative polymerase chain reaction and MTT assay, have been adopted...
October 4, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jun-Jun Yeh, Yu-Feng Wei, Cheng-Li Lin, Wu-Huei Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Patients with asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) share common risk factors. However, the association between ACOS and the incidence of CVDs has not been reported. This study investigated the relationship between CVDs and ACOS in the general population. SETTING: Data were obtained from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database for the period 2000 to 2010. PARTICIPANTS: The ACOS cohort comprised patients (n=5814) who had received a diagnosis of asthma and COPD...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
Tiago B Ferreira, Kenneth J Hoffer, Filomena Ribeiro, Paulo Ribeiro, João G O'Neill
OBJECTIVE: Describe the ocular biometric parameters and their associations in a population of cataract surgery candidates. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 13,012 eyes of 6,506 patients was performed. Biometric parameters of the eyes were measured by optical low-coherence reflectometry. The axial length (AL), mean keratometry (K) and astigmatism, anterior chamber depth (ACD) (epithelium to lens), lens thickness (LT), and Corneal Diameter (CD) were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean age was 69 ± 10 years (44-99 years)...
2017: PloS One
Peter Bossuyt, Celine Debeuckelaere, Marc Ferrante, Anthony de Buck van Overstraeten, Dirk Vanbeckevoort, Thomas Billiet, Albert Wolthuis, Isabelle Cleynen, Gert Van Assche, Andre D'Hoore, Séverine Vermeire
Background and Aim: Transmural inflammation in Crohn's disease [CD] leads to stricturing or penetrating complications. Factors impacting on the need and timing of surgery in ileal stricturing CD [IS-CD] are understudied. Our aim was to identify risk factors in IS-CD associated with the need for surgery over time. Methods: All cross-sectional imaging [XSI] performed for CD between 2006 and 2015 in a tertiary referral centre was analysed. The electronic charts of patients with IS-CD were reviewed for demographic, clinical, biochemical, imaging, genetic, and endoscopic factors...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
M Wahid, S Prasarnpun, N Yimtragool
Cadmium (Cd) is produced mainly as a by-product of zinc mining. In Thailand, the largest zinc mine is located in the Mae Sot district, Tak Province. Samples of Monopterus albus were collected from paddy fields in 4 sites, three downstream and one upstream from the zinc mine. The upstream site was considered to be uncontaminated while the three downstream sites were considered to be contaminated with Cd. Studies on the accumulation level of cadmium were conducted on the liver of the fish using the atomic absorption spectrophotometer technique...
September 21, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Hakan Sarbay, Halil Kocamaz, Mehmet Akin, Bayram Ozhan
OBJECTIVE: Celiac disease (CD) and Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) may occur together as a result of similar autoimmune mechanisms. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of CD in a group of ITP patients and in the literature. METHODS: A total of 29 patients in Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine Hospital Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Department with ITP were included in the study. Test was performed for the antibodies related to CD. Positive result for celiac antibodies was confirmed with biopsy...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
Smita Surendra Masamatti, Aparna Narasimha, Archana C Shetty, C Vijaya
Primary Plasma Cell Leukaemia (pPCL) is a very rare and aggressive subtype of plasma cell dyscrasias with a very poor outcome and characterized by presence of >2x109/l circulating plasma cells. Overall incidence being 1%-2% of all malignant plasma cell diseases and 0.9% of all acute leukaemias. Patients with primary and secondary PCL have similar clinical features but differences do exist. Here we report a rare and interesting case diagnosed as primary PCL in a 44-year-old female with unusual clinical presentation and complex karyotyping...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Banu Ozden, Erkan Guler, Taavi Vaasma, Maria Horvath, Madis Kiisk, Tibor Kovacs
Coal, residues and waste produced by the combustion of the coal contain naturally occurring radionuclides such as (238)U, (226)Ra, (210)Pb, (232)Th and (4) K and trace elements such as Cd, Cr, Pb, Ni and Zn. In this work, coal and its combustion residues collected from Yatagan and Yenikoy coal fired thermal power plants (CPPs) in Turkey were studied to determine the concentrations of natural radionuclides and trace elements, and their enrichments factors to better understand the radionuclide concentration processes within the combustion system...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Ziwei Zhang, Zhi Zheng, Jingzeng Cai, Qi Liu, Jie Yang, Yafan Gong, Meishan Wu, Qiang Shen, Shiwen Xu
Cadmium (Cd) is an increasingly important environmental pollutant which causes irreversible toxicity to fish. To understand how Cd impacts the immune response and oxidative stress in common carp, we performed transcriptomic profiles for head kidney, the immune organ of common carp which were underwent Cd exposure. Totally there are 42,489,124 and 48,562,526 high quality clean reads obtained from the Cd exposure groups, and 44,677,578 and 44,106,696 clean reads from the control groups. Among them, 308 genes were differently expressed, including 101 upregulated and 207 down-regulated genes...
September 23, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Diego Montenegro, Ana Paula da Cunha, Simone Ladeia-Andrade, Mauricio Vera, Marcel Pedroso, Angela Junqueira
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD), caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is a neglected human disease. It is endemic to the Americas and is estimated to have an economic impact, including lost productivity and disability, of 7 billion dollars per year on average. OBJECTIVES: To assess vulnerability to vector-borne transmission of T. cruzi in domiciliary environments within an area undergoing domiciliary vector interruption of T. cruzi in Colombia. METHODS: Multi-criteria decision analysis [preference ranking method for enrichment evaluation (PROMETHEE) and geometrical analysis for interactive assistance (GAIA) methods] and spatial statistics were performed on data from a socio-environmental questionnaire and an entomological survey...
October 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Pravat Ghorai, Arka Dey, Paula Brandão, Joaquín Ortega-Castro, Antonio Bauza, Antonio Frontera, Partha Pratim Ray, Amrita Saha
A novel 1D Cd(ii) based coordination polymer (complex 1) has been synthesized involving an 8-aminoquinoline based Schiff base ligand and cyanate ion. It has been characterized by elemental analysis, different spectroscopy methods and X-ray single crystal diffraction technique. Most interestingly it exhibits unique properties like electrical conductivity and photosensitivity which shows its potential in optoelectronic device application. We prove both experimentally and theoretically that electrical conduction under irradiation of visible light increases many fold in comparison with that under dark condition...
October 10, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Manoj Kumar Jhariya
Tropical forests are well known to have great species diversity and contribute substantial share in terrestrial carbon (C) stocks worldwide. Shrubs are long-neglected life form in the forest ecosystem, playing many roles in the forest and human life. Shrub has great impact on vegetation attributes which in turn modify the C storage and capture. In the present investigation, an attempt has been made to explore the dynamics of shrub species in four fire regimes, viz. high, medium, low, and no fire zones of Bhoramdeo Wildlife Sanctuary of Kawardha forest division (Chhattisgarh), India...
September 25, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Jowita Halupczok-Żyła, Aleksandra Jawiarczyk-Przybyłowska, Marek Skrzypski, Mathias Z Strowski, Marek Bolanowski
Introduction The goal of the study was to investigate fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) levels in acromegalic patients in relation to the disease activity and to compare them with controls. Further, we aimed to evaluate the associations between FGF-21 and random growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), metabolic and anthropometric parameters. Materials and methods The study group consisted of 50 acromegalic patients divided into 3 subgroups on the basis of disease activity (AA - active acromegaly, CD - controlled disease, CA - cured acromegaly)...
September 20, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
T Banti, L Fievet, A Fabre
BACKGROUND: Internet provides easy access to health information, but the quality and validity of this information vary. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the quality of website structures and the information provided on celiac disease (CD), gluten sensitivity (GS), and wheat allergy (WA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The websites addressing CD, GS, and WA appearing on the first two pages of Google, Yahoo, and Bing from seven selected queries were investigated...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Rinkumoni Borah, Deepa Kumari, Anindita Gogoi, Sunayana Biswas, Ritusmita Goswami, Jaehong Shim, Naznin Ara Begum, Manish Kumar
Burmese Grape Leaf Extract (BGLE), a low cost adsorbent was studied for cadmium (Cd(II)) removal from metal solutions and natural water samples. Batch adsorption studies were carried out to examine the influence of contact time and initial metal concentration after characterization under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cd(II)adsorptiononto BGLE was best explained by pseudo-second order kinetics (R(2) = 0.99) and best fitted with Langmuir isotherm model (R(2) = 0.76). Beside the selective adsorption activity of BGLE towards Cd(II), only 0...
September 15, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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