keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CD 44

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222655/levels-dietary-intake-and-health-risk-of-potentially-toxic-metals-in-vegetables-fruits-and-cereal-crops-in-pakistan
#1
Javed Nawab, Saad Farooqi, Wang Xiaoping, Sardar Khan, Asad Khan
Food safety is a major concern worldwide and human beings are frequently exposed to potentially toxic metals (PTMs) through consumption of vegetables, fruits, and cereal crops grown in contaminated areas. The present study investigates the concentrations of PTMs such as chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in the foodstuffs (fruits, vegetables, and cereals) collected from different markets of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Samples of fruits (banana, tangerine, apple, and guava), vegetables (tomato, onion, potato, pea, and lady finger), and cereals (rice, kidney beans, and chick peas) were acid-extracted and analyzed using ICP-MS...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221279/endoscopic-naso-leakage-drainage-a-safe-and-effective-method-for-the-management-of-intrathoracic-anastomotic-leakage-after-esophagectomy
#2
Yi Zhang, Yong-Xing Zhang, Jian-Wei Hu, Guang-Yu Yao, Liang Xue, Hong Fan, Yi-Qun Zhang, Qun Wang
Background: Intrathoracic anastomotic leakage (IAL) remains a major complication of esophagectomy. Main non-surgical options of management include chest drainage and endoscope interventions. This study is aim to present our experience and assess the efficacy of endoscopic naso-leakage drainage (ENLD) in patients with IAL. Methods: From June 2011 to January 2017, 67 patients who developed IAL after esophagectomy and managed by non-surgical approaches were analyzed retrospectively...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220430/postoperative-outcomes-in-ustekinumab-treated-patients-undergoing-abdominal-operations-for-crohn-s-disease
#3
Amy L Lightner, Nicholas P McKenna, Chung Sang Tse, Neil Hyman, Radhika Smith, Gayane Ovsepyan, Phillip Fleshner, Kristen Crowell, Walter Koltun, Marc Ferrante, Andre D'Hoore, Nathalie Lauwers, Bram Verstockt, Antonino Spinelli, Francesca DiCandido, Laura E Raffals, Kellie L Mathis, Edward V Loftus
Introduction: Ustekinumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting interleukins-12 and -23 is used to treat adults with Crohn's disease (CD). We determined the 30-day postoperative infectious complication rate among CD patients who received ustekinumab within 12 weeks prior to an abdominal operation as compared to patients who received anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents. Methods: A retrospective chart review of adults with CD who underwent an abdominal operation between 1/1/2015 and 5/1/2017 was performed across six sites...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212077/long-term-skeletal-disproportion-in-childhood-onset-crohn-s-disease
#4
Avril Mason, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Jelena Iljuhhina, Susan Laird, Joanne Munro, Daniel R Gaya, Richard K Russell, S Faisal Ahmed
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with skeletal disproportion in adulthood. METHODS: Height (Ht), sitting height (SHt) and leg length were studied in 44 children (male: 22), 23 adults (male: 10) with childhood-onset (CO) CD and 26 adults (male: 9) with adult-onset (AO) CD with a median (range) age of 13.7 (10, 17.3), 21.5 (18, 32) and 31.0 (22, 40) years, respectively. RESULTS: Adults with CO-CD had a median Ht standard deviation score (SDS) of -0...
December 6, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206864/high-visual-acuity-revealed-in-dogs
#5
Olle Lind, Ida Milton, Elin Andersson, Per Jensen, Lina S V Roth
Humans have selectively bred and used dogs over a period of thousands of years, and more recently the dog has become an important model animal for studies in ethology, cognition and genetics. These broad interests warrant careful descriptions of the senses of dogs. Still there is little known about dog vision, especially what dogs can discriminate in different light conditions. We trained and tested whippets, pugs, and a Shetland sheepdog in a two-choice discrimination set-up and show that dogs can discriminate patterns with spatial frequencies between 5...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205426/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-thiopurines-decrease-the-risk-of-colorectal-neoplasia-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
REVIEW
M J Lu, X Y Qiu, X Q Mao, X T Li, H J Zhang
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a high risk of developing colorectal neoplasia. AIM: To investigate whether thiopurines can decrease the risk of developing colorectal neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 24 observational studies involving 76,999 participants to evaluate the risks of developing colorectal neoplasia in IBD patients receiving thiopurine treatment...
December 4, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201169/p63-inhibits-cd44-cd24-cell-proliferation-and-chemoresistance-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-cells
#7
Jing-Jing Guo, Hong-Shun Xu, Gang Wu, Zhen-Yu Ma
Thyroid cancer typically has a good prognosis; however, the risks of recurrence and chemoresistance associated with thyroid cancer remain a cause for concern. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) comprises 80% of all cases of thyroid carcinoma. A previous study reported that cluster of differentiation (CD) 44+/CD24- PTC cells may contribute to PTC recurrence and chemoresistance; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. In the present study, CD44+/CD24- cells were isolated from the TPC-1 PTC cell line and biological function assays revealed that CD44+/CD24- cells were significantly more proliferative and chemoresistant compared with CD44-/CD24- cells...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189768/inflammatory-bowel-disease-adversely-impacts-colorectal-cancer-surgery-short-term-outcomes-and-health-care-resource-utilization
#8
Mitchell Ramsey, Somashekar G Krishna, Peter P Stanich, Syed Husain, Edward J Levine, Darwin Conwell, Alice Hinton, Cheng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) compared to patients without IBD. There is a lack of population-based data evaluating the in-patient surgical outcomes of CRC in IBD patients. We sought to compare the hospital outcomes of CRC surgery between patients with and without IBD. METHODS: We used the National Inpatient Sample (2008-2012) and Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD, 2013) and selected all adult patients (age ≥18 years) with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD) who underwent CRC surgery...
November 30, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185112/prospective-multi-centric-evaluation-of-upper-cervical-and-infra-cervical-sagittal-compensatory-alignment-in-patients-with-adult-cervical-deformity
#9
Subaraman Ramchandran, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Daniel Sciubba, Justin K Scheer, Cyrus M Jalai, Alan Daniels, Peter G Passias, Virginie Lafage, Han Jo Kim, Gregory Mundis, Eric Klineberg, Robert A Hart, Justin S Smith, Christopher Shaffrey, Christopher P Ames
PURPOSE: Reciprocal mechanisms for standing alignment have been described in thoraco-lumbar deformity but have not been studied in patients with primary cervical deformity (CD). The purpose of this study is to report upper- and infra-cervical sagittal compensatory mechanisms in patients with CD and evaluate their changes post-operatively. METHODS: Global spinal alignment was studied in a prospective database of operative CD patients. Inclusion criteria were any of the following: cervical kyphosis (CK) > 10°, cervical scoliosis > 10°, cSVA (C2-C7 Sagittal vertical axis) > 4 cm or CBVA (Chin Brow Vertical Angle) > 25°...
November 28, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180846/different-fixation-targets-affect-retinal-sensitivity-obtained-by-microperimetry-in-normal-individuals
#10
Tomohiro Nizawa, Takayuki Baba, Masayasu Kitahashi, Toshiyuki Oshitari, Shuichi Yamamoto
Purpose: To determine the differences in the retinal sensitivities obtained by microperimetry with a single cross or a circular fixation target in normal individuals. Methods: Thirty-two eyes of 16 healthy volunteers (mean age 28.9±1.4 years, range 24-44 years) were studied. The retinal sensitivity of the central 0 degrees and of the mean central 2 degrees consisting of 8 points were determined independently using the two different fixation targets with Microperimeter 3...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177306/remediation-mechanisms-for-cd-contaminated-soil-using-natural-sepiolite-at-the-field-scale
#11
Xiuling Yin, Yingming Xu, Rong Huang, Qingqing Huang, Zhonglei Xie, Yanming Cai, Xuefeng Liang
Remediation of heavy metal polluted agricultural soil is essential for human health and ecological safety and remediation mechanisms at the microscopic level are vital for their large-scale utilization. In this study, natural sepiolite was employed as an immobilization agent for in situ field-scale remediation of Cd-contaminated paddy soil and the remediation mechanisms were investigated in terms of soil chemistry and plant physiology. Natural sepiolite had a significant immobilization effect for bioavailable Cd contents in paddy soil, and consequently could lower the Cd concentrations of brown rice, husk, straw, and roots of rice plants by 54...
November 27, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174991/heavy-metal-pollution-and-health-risk-assessment-of-agricultural-soils-in-a-typical-peri-urban-area-in-southeast-china
#12
Ying Huang, Qianqian Chen, Meihua Deng, Jan Japenga, Tingqiang Li, Xiaoe Yang, Zhenli He
Heavy metal pollution in peri-urban areas in China is serious and complex. We thus developed an integrated evaluation method to assess heavy metal pollution and potential health risk to residents in a typical peri-urban area with diverse anthropogenic emission sources and cropping systems. Ecological risk was evaluated using Nemerow's synthetical pollution index (Pn) and Potential ecological risk index (RI). Then polluted areas and responsible emission sources were identified by GIS mapping. Health risk caused by food intake and soil exposure was calculated by accounting for the influence of anthropogenic emissions and cropping systems...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166778/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-self-help-relaxation-to-reduce-post-stroke-depression
#13
Katherine Golding, Chris Fife-Schaw, Ian Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: To consider the potential of self-help relaxation training to treat depression after stroke. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with cross-over at three months. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 21 people with stroke, aged 49-82 years. INTERVENTION: Autogenic relaxation CD. MAIN MEASURE: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression (HADS-D) subscale...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159435/determination-of-selected-elements-in-canned-food-sold-in-jordan-markets
#14
Adnan M Massadeh, Ayat Allah T Al-Massaedh, Sameh Kharibeh
In this study, the concentrations of seven heavy metals including As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in imported canned food samples of different brands including tuna, beef, sardines, and mushroom were determined. Samples were collected from popular Jordanian market, Irbid city, Northern Jordan (44 samples of each type). The metal concentrations in canned food samples were found to be in the range of 1.85-4.50 μg/g for As, 0.42-0.58 μg/g for Cd, 0.47-1.67 μg/g for Cr, 0.73-0.90 μg/g for Cu, 1.08-2.77 μg/g for Ni, 2...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142515/efficacy-and-safety-of-ustekinumab-in-japanese-patients-with-moderately-to-severely-active-crohn-s-disease-a-subpopulation-analysis-of-phase-3-induction-and-maintenance-studies
#15
Toshifumi Hibi, Yuya Imai, Yoko Murata, Nobuko Matsushima, Richuan Zheng, Christopher Gasink
Background/Aims: Efficacy and safety of ustekinumab were evaluated in a Japanese subpopulation with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease (CD) in UNITI-1, UNITI-2 and IM-UNITI studies and results were compared with the overall population. Methods: Overall, patients in UNITI-1 (Japan, n=56; failed response to tumor necrosis factor antagonist) and UNITI-2 (Japan, n=26; failed response to prior conventional therapy) were randomized to placebo or ustekinumab intravenous induction (130 mg or ~6 mg/kg) at week 0...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135091/remarkably-higher-efficacy-and-a-wider-safety-window-for-nonfrontline-over-first-line-drug-combinations-in-the-adenocarcinoma-colo-320dm-cell-line
#16
Elsa N Garza-Trevino, Martha S Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Paulina Delgado Gonzalez, Yesenia G Alonso-Cruz, Yesenia G Alonso-Cruz, Adolfo Soto-Dominguez, Juan F Gonzalez Guerrero, Yanko Castro-Govea, Emiliano Michel Sanchez, Salvador Said Fernandez, Herminia G Martinez-Rodriguez
PURPOSE: To determine in vitro, the efficacy and safety window of not-front-line and first-line anti-colorectal (CRC) drug combinations. METHODS: The adenocarcinoma cell line Colo 320DM and normal human mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue were used respectively to determine the anti-CRC efficacy (% of Colo 320DM cell death [CD]) and safety window [SW] - % Colo 320DM percent cancer death (PCD)/% of mesenchymal stem cell's death) of drug combinations, using the adenosine triphosphate-based chemotherapy response assay (ATP-CRA)...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132967/unexplained-infertility-and-undiagnosed-celiac-disease-study-of-a-multiethnic-canadian-population
#17
Beth Gunn, Kellie E Murphy, Ellen M Greenblatt
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of Celiac disease (CD) in Canadian women with unexplained infertility versus women with an identifiable cause of infertility and to assess the sensitivity of the point-of-care Biocard Celiac Test Kit versus standard serum serologic testing. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, women aged 18 to 44 who were evaluated for infertility between February 2010 and May 2012 at a tertiary academic care fertility clinic in Toronto, ON, were invited to participate...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128372/six-week-retention-after-post-placental-copper-intrauterine-device-placement
#18
Alyssa Covelli Colwill, Courtney A Schreiber, Mary D Sammel, Sarita Sonalkar
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the six-week clinical outcomes (IUD retention, recognized expulsions, ability to visualize or palpate strings, and need for ultrasound evaluation) in women who received a TCu380A PPIUD after vaginal (VD) or Cesarean delivery (CD). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine the six-week retention of TCu380A IUDs placed within ten minutes of placental delivery in VD (n=137) and CD (n=73). We used Student's t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum tests for continuous data and Pearson Chi-squared test and Fisher's exact test for categorical data...
November 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120797/interaction-of-chromium-iii-or-chromium-vi-with-catalase-and-its-effect-on-the-structure-and-function-of-catalase-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Linfeng Chen, Jing Zhang, Yaxian Zhu, Yong Zhang
Heavy metal chromium (Cr) poses a severe health risk to humans via food chain contamination. In this study, the interactions of either trivalent chromium (Cr(III)) or hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) with catalase (CAT) were investigated via multi-spectroscopic studies and computational simulations. The fluorescence analysis showed that Cr(III) and Cr(VI) quenched the fluorescence of CAT through a dynamic and a static quenching mechanism, respectively. The binding constant of Cr(VI) with CAT was 3.44×10(4)lmol(-1) at 298K...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119337/toxic-metals-in-cigarettes-and-human-health-risk-assessment-associated-with-inhalation-exposure
#20
Nsikak U Benson, Winifred U Anake, Adebusayo E Adedapo, Omowunmi H Fred-Ahmadu, Olusegun O Ayejuyo
This study evaluated the concentrations of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in 10 branded cigarettes commonly consumed in Nigeria. Chemical sequential extraction method and pseudo-total metal digestion procedure were used for extraction of metals from filler tobacco and filter samples. Samples were analyzed using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The filler tobacco of cigarettes had Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, and Zn concentrations in the ranges of 5.90-7.94, 18...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
keyword
keyword
84712
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"