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Qiang Guo, Dongmei Li, Xiangbiao Meng, Tingting Liu, Jinna Shi, Yanru Hao, Xiaohui Jiao, Kewen Lv, Tenglong Hu, Tao Song
BACKGROUND: Nonsyndromic orofacial clefts (NSOC) are the most common orofacial congenital defect with a complex etiology. Genome-wide association studies have identified paired box protein 7 (PAX7) and netrin-1 (NTN1) as candidate susceptibility genes for NSOC in both European and Asian populations. Here, possible associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in or near PAX7 and NTN1 were investigated in relation to risk of NSOC in a northern Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 602 individuals with NSOC and 510 controls were recruited from northern China...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lesli E Skolarus, Vicki A Freedman, Chunyang Feng, James F Burke
BACKGROUND: Blacks have higher stroke incidence and experience greater poststroke disability than whites. To optimize care for stroke survivors, it is important to understand the amount of care that they receive and the implications for stroke caregivers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 2 nationally representative, population-based studies, the NHATS (National Health and Aging Trends Study) linked to the NSOC (National Study of Caregiving), were used to identify elderly stroke survivors and their caregivers...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Michael T Halpern, Mallorie H Fiero, Melanie L Bell
PURPOSE: Informal caregivers of individuals with cancer may experience substantial burdens. To develop interventions to support these caregivers, it is crucial to quantify and understand the domains of burdens potentially experienced by caregivers and factors contributing to each domain. METHODS: Using data from two national surveys, the National Survey of Caregiving (NSOC) linked to the National Health and Aging Trends Survey (NHATS), we identified all participants in the NHATS diagnosed with cancer who had a caregiver participating in the NSOC...
June 2017: Quality of Life Research
Mallorie Fiero, Melanie Bell
301 Background: Quality of care for individuals with cancer is affected by the burden on their caregivers. For high quality care, it is important to understand domains of caregiver burden and factors affecting this burden. METHODS: Using data from two national surveys, the National Survey of Caregiving (NSOC) linked to the National Health and Aging Trends Survey (NHATS), we identified all participants in the NHATS diagnosed with cancer who had a caregiver participating in the NSOC. Twenty-two items in the NSOC related to caregiver health, mood and outlook were included in factor analysis to develop scales capturing domains of burden...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Marwa Noureldin, Matthew M Murawski, Holly L Mason, Gerald C Hyner, Kimberly S Plake
OBJECTIVES: 1) To explore the association between family caregivers' involvement in managing care recipients' medications and their information-seeking behavior related to caregiving; and 2) to examine the sources used by caregivers when seeking information. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from 2 national studies, the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) and its supplement, the National Study of Caregiving (NSOC), was conducted...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Zhong-Lin Jia, Sha He, Shu-Yuan Jiang, Bi-He Zhang, Shi-Jun Duan, Jia-Yu Shi, Ning Huang, Wen-Chao Zhu, Bing Shi
OBJECTIVE: Non-syndromic orofacial cleftings (NSOCs) are considered as complex trait, which results from genetic and/or environmental modifiers. Current findings could only explain small portion of the NSOCs. SOX9 gene plays an important role during craniofacial development in animal models and the Pierre Robin sequence (PRS). However, its role in non-syndromic clefts remains unknown. DESIGN: In this study, we selected eight SNPs in and around SOX9 gene to make maximum coverage, and genotyped them by using RFLP-PCR and ligase detection reaction (LDR) methods to test its associations among 151 NSOCs (53 NSCLP, 52 NSCLO and 46 NSCPO) from Western Han Chinese population...
December 30, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Hua Zhang, Suya Sun, Lili Wu, Ekaterina Pchitskaya, Olga Zakharova, Klementina Fon Tacer, Ilya Bezprozvanny
Mushroom dendritic spine structures are essential for memory storage and the loss of mushroom spines may explain memory defects in aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The stability of mushroom spines depends on stromal interaction molecule 2 (STIM2)-mediated neuronal-store-operated Ca(2+) influx (nSOC) pathway, which is compromised in AD mouse models, in aging neurons, and in sporadic AD patients. Here, we demonstrate that the Transient Receptor Potential Canonical 6 (TRPC6) and Orai2 channels form a STIM2-regulated nSOC Ca(2+) channel complex in hippocampal mushroom spines...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Elena Popugaeva, Ekaterina Pchitskaya, Ilya Bezprozvanny
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the disease of lost memories. Synaptic loss is a major reason for memory defects in AD. Signaling pathways involved in memory loss in AD are under intense investigation. The role of deranged neuronal calcium (Ca(2+)) signaling in synaptic loss in AD is described in this review. Familial AD (FAD) mutations in presenilins are linked directly with synaptic Ca(2+) signaling abnormalities, most likely by affecting endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) leak function of presenilins. Excessive ER Ca(2+) release via type 2 ryanodine receptors (RyanR2) is observed in AD spines due to increase in expression and function of RyanR2...
February 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
X Yin, L Ma, Y Li, M Xu, W Wang, H Wang, H Yuan, Y Du, S Li, J Ma, H Jiang, L Wang, W Zhang, Y Pan
OBJECTIVE: Previous genomewide association studies (GWAS) identified a region near MAFB at chr20q12 associated with non-syndromic orofacial clefts (NSOC) susceptibility. However, whether other SNPs in this area could independently contribute to non-syndromic orofacial clefts in Chinese populations remained obscure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 24 SNPs based on a haplotype-tagging SNP strategy and evaluated their associations with risk of non-syndromic orofacial clefts in a large-scale two-stage case-control study with 1278 cases and 1295 controls...
January 2017: Oral Diseases
Heehyul Moon, Sunshine Rote, Jeff A Beaty
The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive understanding of how the caregiving setting relates to caregiving experience among Baby Boomer caregivers (CGs). Based on a secondary data analysis (the National Study of Caregiving, N = 782), compared with CGs providing care to an older adult living in the community, CGs to older adults in non-NH residential care settings reported better emotional well-being, self-rated health, and relationship quality and less provision of assistance older adults with daily activities...
August 9, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Dandan Li, Hongchuang Zhang, Lan Ma, Yue Han, Min Xu, Zhendong Wang, Hongbing Jiang, Weibing Zhang, Lin Wang, Yongchu Pan
We hypothesized that microRNA binding site single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptor genes (FGFRs) may affect microRNA and mRNA interactions and are thereby associated with susceptibility of non-syndromic orofacial cleft (NSOC). Ten SNPs among the FGF and FGFR genes were selected and their associations with NSOC susceptibility were investigated in a case-control study of 602 patients with NSOC and 605 healthy controls. FGF2/rs1048201, FGF5/rs3733336 and FGF9/rs546782 showed suggestive association with NSOC susceptibility...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jennifer L Wolff, Brenda C Spillman, Vicki A Freedman, Judith D Kasper
IMPORTANCE: Family and unpaid caregivers commonly help older adults who are at high risk for poorly coordinated care. OBJECTIVE: To examine how caregivers' involvement in older adults' health care activities relates to caregiving responsibilities, supportive services use, and caregiving-related effects. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1739 family and unpaid caregivers of 1171 community-dwelling older adults with disabilities who participated in the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) and National Study of Caregiving (NSOC)...
March 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Xiaojun Wang, Jingshun Zhuang, Yingjuan Fu, Guoyu Tian, Zhaojiang Wang, Menghua Qin
A combined process of lime treatment and mixed bed ion exchange was proposed to separate hemicellulose-derived saccharides (HDS) from prehydrolysis liquor (PHL) of lignocellulose as value added products. The optimization of lime treatment achieved up to 44.2% removal of non-saccharide organic compounds (NSOC), mainly colloidal substances, with negligible HDS degradation at 0.5% lime level and subsequent neutralization by phosphoric acid. The residual NSOC and calcium ions in lime-treated PHL were eliminated by mixed bed ion exchange...
April 2016: Bioresource Technology
Yajing Qian, Dandan Li, Lan Ma, Hongchuang Zhang, Miao Gong, Sheng Li, Hua Yuan, Weibing Zhang, Junqing Ma, Hongbing Jiang, Yongchu Pan, Lin Wang
Located at 15q22 a susceptibility region for nonsyndromic orofacial clefts (NSOC), TPM1 encodes a group of highly conserved ubiquitous actin-binding proteins involved in the muscle contraction and cytoskeleton organization. Considering the multiple functions of TPM1 gene, we investigated the potential relationship between TPM1 polymorphisms and risk of NSOC in a Chinese Han population. Four tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) of TPM1 (rs11071720, rs3803499, rs12148828, and rs1972041) were selected to conduct a case-control study with 673 NSOC patients and 705 unrelated healthy controls from a Chinese Han population...
May 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Hua Zhang, Lili Wu, Ekaterina Pchitskaya, Olga Zakharova, Takashi Saito, Takaomi Saido, Ilya Bezprozvanny
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common reason for elderly dementia in the world. We proposed that memory loss in AD is related to destabilization of mushroom postsynaptic spines involved in long-term memory storage. We demonstrated previously that stromal interaction molecule 2 (STIM2)-regulated neuronal store-operated calcium entry (nSOC) in postsynaptic spines play a key role in stability of mushroom spines by maintaining activity of synaptic Ca(2+)/calmodulin kinase II (CaMKII). Furthermore, we demonstrated previously that the STIM2-nSOC-CaMKII pathway is downregulated in presenilin 1 M146V knock-in (PS1-M146V KI) mouse model of AD, leading to loss of hippocampal mushroom spines in this model...
September 30, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Yanru Hao, Subao Tian, Xiaohui Jiao, Na Mi, Bing Zhang, Tao Song, Le An, Xudong Zheng, Deshu Zhuang
The aim of present study was to check the possible association of potential parental environmental exposures and maternal supplementation intake with the risk of nonsyndromic orofacial clefting (NSOC). A retrospective study comprised 499 cases and 480 controls was conducted in Heilongjiang Province. Chi-square analysis and unconditional multiple logistic regression were used in the study. The results showed that maternal history of fever and the common cold without fever (ORCL/P = 3.11 and 5.56, 95%CI: 1.67-5...
September 2015: Nutrients
Steven A Cohen, Sarah Cook, Lauren Kelley, Trisha Sando, Allison E Bell
BACKGROUND: Over 50 million informal caregivers in the United States provide care to an aging adult, saving the economy hundreds of billions of dollars annually from costly hospitalization or institutionalization. Despite the benefits associated with caregiving, caregiver stress can lead to negative physical and mental health consequences, or "caregiver burden". Given these potential negative consequences of caregiver burden, it is important not only to understand the multidimensional components of burden but to also understand the experience from the perspective of the caregiver themselves...
2015: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Qiongqiong Yu, Sha He, Ni Zeng, Jian Ma, Bihe Zhang, Bing Shi, Zhonglin Jia
BACKGROUND: Nonsyndromic orofacial clefts (NSOCs) are the most common craniofacial birth defects with complex etiology in which multiple genes and environmental exposures are involved. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7), as a member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, has been shown to play crucial roles in palate and other orofacial ectodermal appendages development in animal models. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was designed to investigate the possible associations between BMP7 gene and the NSOCs (221 case-parent trios) in Western Han Chinese...
May 2015: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Ni Zeng, Jun Wu, Wen-Chao Zhu, Bing Shi, Zhong-Lin Jia
BACKGROUND: Non-syndromic orofacial clefts (NSOCs) are complex disease involving genetic triggers, environmental factors, and their interplay. Recent studies demonstrated that EYA1, a member of eye absent gene family, might contribute to NSOCs. METHODS: We investigated three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and eight environmental factors (multivitamin, folic acid and calcium supplementation history, maternal alcohol consumption, common cold history, maternal smoking and environmental tobacco smoke in the first trimester, and paternal smoking in the 3 months before pregnancy) among 294 case-parent trios and 183 individual controls in western Han Chinese to evaluate the relationship between EYA1, environmental factors, and NSOCs...
November 2015: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Heehyul Moon, Peggye Dilworth-Anderson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have well documented the characteristics of baby boomers but less is known about the experiences of boomer caregivers (CGs) of people with dementia. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of boomer CGs of people with dementia with those of boomer CGs for people without dementia and to ascertain factors associated with outcomes. DESIGN: We selected baby boomer CGs from the National Study of Caregiving (NSOC) with 650 primary boomer CGs (138 CGs of people with dementia and 512 CGs of people without dementia)...
March 2015: Age and Ageing
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