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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817745/association-of-vision-loss-with-cognition-in-older-adults
#1
Stephanie P Chen, Jay Bhattacharya, Suzann Pershing
Importance: Visual dysfunction and poor cognition are highly prevalent among older adults; however, the relationship is not well defined. Objective: To evaluate the association of measured and self-reported visual impairment (VI) with cognition in older US adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional analysis of 2 national data sets: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2002, and the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), 2011-2015...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729702/structure-of-general-population-antibody-titer-distributions-to-influenza-a-virus
#2
Nguyen Thi Duy Nhat, Stacy Todd, Erwin de Bruin, Tran Thi Nhu Thao, Nguyen Ha Thao Vy, Tran Minh Quan, Dao Nguyen Vinh, Janko van Beek, Pham Hong Anh, Ha Minh Lam, Nguyen Thanh Hung, Nguyen Thi Le Thanh, Huynh Le Anh Huy, Vo Thi Hong Ha, Stephen Baker, Guy E Thwaites, Nguyen Thi Nam Lien, Tran Thi Kim Hong, Jeremy Farrar, Cameron P Simmons, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Marion Koopmans, Maciej F Boni
Seroepidemiological studies aim to understand population-level exposure and immunity to infectious diseases. Their results are normally presented as binary outcomes describing the presence or absence of pathogen-specific antibody, despite the fact that many assays measure continuous quantities. A population's natural distribution of antibody titers to an endemic infectious disease may include information on multiple serological states - naiveté, recent infection, non-recent infection, childhood infection - depending on the disease in question and the acquisition and waning patterns of immunity...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707052/steered-molecular-dynamics-for-investigating-the-interactions-between-insulin-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-irk-and-variants-of-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-ptp1b
#3
Hung Nguyen, Nhat Do, Tuyn Phan, Tri Pham
The aim of this study is to use steered molecular dynamics to investigate the dissociation process between IRK and PTP1Bs for wild type and five mutants (consisting of p.D181E, p.D181A, p.Q262A, p.D181A-Y46F, and p.D181A-Q262A). The gained results are observed not only the unbinding mechanism of IRK-PTP1B complexes came from pulling force profile, number of hydrogen bonds, and interaction energy between IRK and PTP1Bs but also described PTP1B's point mutations could variably change its binding affinity towards IRK...
July 13, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702349/distinct-multivariate-brain-morphological-patterns-and-their-added-predictive-value-with-cognitive-and-polygenic-risk-scores-in-mental-disorders
#4
Nhat Trung Doan, Tobias Kaufmann, Francesco Bettella, Kjetil Nordbø Jørgensen, Christine Lycke Brandt, Torgeir Moberget, Dag Alnæs, Gwenaëlle Douaud, Eugene Duff, Srdjan Djurovic, Ingrid Melle, Torill Ueland, Ingrid Agartz, Ole A Andreassen, Lars T Westlye
The brain underpinnings of schizophrenia and bipolar disorders are multidimensional, reflecting complex pathological processes and causal pathways, requiring multivariate techniques to disentangle. Furthermore, little is known about the complementary clinical value of brain structural phenotypes when combined with data on cognitive performance and genetic risk. Using data-driven fusion of cortical thickness, surface area, and gray matter density maps (GMD), we found six biologically meaningful patterns showing strong group effects, including four statistically independent multimodal patterns reflecting co-occurring alterations in thickness and GMD in patients, over and above two other independent patterns of widespread thickness and area reduction...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674955/herbicide-zn-al-layered-double-hydroxide-hybrid-composite-synthesis-and-slow-controlled-release-properties
#5
Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong, Ho Nguyen Nhat Ha, Nguyen Thi Phuong Dieu, Bui The Huy
The herbicide glyphosate (GLY) or 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acids (2,4D) was intercalated in the interlayer region of a Zn-Al-layered double hydroxide (LDH) to obtain LDH-GLY or the LDH-2,4D hybrid composite because of its controlled release. Compared to the physically mixed herbicides, the LDH-herbicide hybrid composite displayed slow-release properties in decarbonated distilled water. The release rate of herbicides was found to be dependent on the carbonate and chloride anion concentrations in solution. The time at which 50% of the herbicides were released from the hybrid composite into solution, t 50, ranged from 6...
July 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666881/distinguishing-early-and-late-brain-aging-from-the-alzheimer-s-disease-spectrum-consistent-morphological-patterns-across-independent-samples
#6
Nhat Trung Doan, Andreas Engvig, Krystal Zaske, Karin Persson, Martina Jonette Lund, Tobias Kaufmann, Aldo Cordova-Palomera, Dag Alnæs, Torgeir Moberget, Anne Brækhus, Maria Lage Barca, Jan Egil Nordvik, Knut Engedal, Ingrid Agartz, Geir Selbæk, Ole A Andreassen, Lars T Westlye
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a debilitating age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Accurate identification of individuals at risk is complicated as AD shares cognitive and brain features with aging. We applied linked independent component analysis (LICA) on three complementary measures of gray matter structure: cortical thickness, area and gray matter density of 137 AD, 78 mild (MCI) and 38 subjective cognitive impairment patients, and 355 healthy adults aged 18-78 years to identify dissociable multivariate morphological patterns sensitive to age and diagnosis...
June 27, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654181/photoelectrochemical-h2-generation-from-suboxide-tio2-nanotubes-visible-light-absorption-versus-conductivity
#7
Shiva Mohajernia, Seyedsina Hejazi, Anca Mazare, Nhat Truong Nguyen, Patrik Schmuki
In the present work we report on the key factors dictating the photo-electrochemical (PEC) performance of suboxide titania (TiOx) nanotubes. TiOx nanotubes were produced by a systematic variation of reduction heat treatments of TiO2 in Ar/H2. The properties of the TiOx tubes were investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), solid-state conductivity, reflectivity measurements, photocurrent spectroscopy, and photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution...
June 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644408/isolation-and-selection-of-microalgal-strains-from-natural-water-sources-in-viet-nam-with-potential-for-edible-oil-production
#8
Tran Yen Thao, Dinh Thi Nhat Linh, Vo Chi Si, Taylor W Carter, Russell T Hill
Industrial vegetable oil production in Viet Nam depends on oil seeds and crude plant oils that are currently more than 90% imported. As the first step in investigating the feasibility of using microalgae to provide Viet Nam with a domestic source of oil for food and edible oil industries, fifty lipid-producing microalgae were isolated and characterized. The microalgae were isolated from water sources ranging from freshwater to brackish and marine waters from a wide geographic distribution in Viet Nam. Initial analyses showed that 20 of the 50 strains had good growth rates, produced high biomass and had high lipid content, ranging up to 50% of dry weight biomass...
June 23, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615658/serotyping-dengue-virus-with-isothermal-amplification-and-a-portable-sequencer
#9
Junya Yamagishi, Lucky R Runtuwene, Kyoko Hayashida, Arthur E Mongan, Lan Anh Nguyen Thi, Linh Nguyen Thuy, Cam Nguyen Nhat, Kriengsak Limkittikul, Chukiat Sirivichayakul, Nuankanya Sathirapongsasuti, Martin Frith, Wojciech Makalowski, Yuki Eshita, Sumio Sugano, Yutaka Suzuki
The recent development of a nanopore-type portable DNA sequencer has changed the way we think about DNA sequencing. We can perform sequencing directly in the field, where we collect the samples. Here, we report the development of a novel method to detect and genotype tropical disease pathogens, using dengue fever as a model. By combining the sequencer with isothermal amplification that only requires a water bath, we were able to amplify and sequence target viral genomes with ease. Starting from a serum sample, the entire procedure could be finished in a single day...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586644/endothelial-to-osteoblast-conversion-generates-osteoblastic-metastasis-of-prostate-cancer
#10
Song-Chang Lin, Yu-Chen Lee, Guoyu Yu, Chien-Jui Cheng, Xin Zhou, Khoi Chu, Monzur Murshed, Nhat-Tu Le, Laura Baseler, Jun-Ichi Abe, Keigi Fujiwara, Benoit deCrombrugghe, Christopher J Logothetis, Gary E Gallick, Li-Yuan Yu-Lee, Sankar N Maity, Sue-Hwa Lin
Prostate cancer (PCa) bone metastasis is frequently associated with bone-forming lesions, but the source of the osteoblastic lesions remains unclear. We show that the tumor-induced bone derives partly from tumor-associated endothelial cells that have undergone endothelial-to-osteoblast (EC-to-OSB) conversion. The tumor-associated osteoblasts in PCa bone metastasis specimens and patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) were found to co-express endothelial marker Tie-2. BMP4, identified in PDX-conditioned medium, promoted EC-to-OSB conversion of 2H11 endothelial cells...
June 5, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574461/innovative-high-throughput-saxs-methodologies-based-on-photonic-lab-on-a-chip-sensors-application-to-macromolecular-studies
#11
Isaac Rodríguez-Ruiz, Dimitri Radajewski, Sophie Charton, Nhat Phamvan, Martha Brennich, Petra Pernot, Françoise Bonneté, Sébastien Teychené
The relevance of coupling droplet-based Photonic Lab-on-a-Chip (PhLoC) platforms and Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering (SAXS) technique is here highlighted for the performance of high throughput investigations, related to the study of protein macromolecular interactions. With this configuration, minute amounts of sample are required to obtain reliable statistical data. The PhLoC platforms presented in this work are designed to allow and control an effective mixing of precise amounts of proteins, crystallization reagents and buffer in nanoliter volumes, and the subsequent generation of nanodroplets by means of a two-phase flow...
June 2, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567258/templated-dewetting-designing-entirely-self-organized-platforms-for-photocatalysis
#12
Marco Altomare, Nhat Truong Nguyen, Patrik Schmuki
Formation and dispersion of metal nanoparticles on oxide surfaces in site-specific or even arrayed configuration are key in various technological processes such as catalysis, photonics, electrochemistry and for fabricating electrodes, sensors, memory devices, and magnetic, optical, and plasmonic platforms. A crucial aspect towards an efficient performance of many of these metal/metal oxide arrangements is a reliable fabrication approach. Since the early works on graphoepitaxy in the 70s, solid state dewetting of metal films on patterned surfaces has been much explored and regarded as a most effective tool to form defined arrays of ordered metal particles on a desired substrate...
December 1, 2016: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560883/a-deletion-mutation-in-nfxb-of-in-vitro-induced-moxifloxacin-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-confers-multidrug-resistance
#13
Van Chi Thai, Hoang Vy Pham, Duc Nhat Minh Nguyen, Peter Lambert, Thi Thu Hoai Nguyen
The modulation of efflux pump functions under fluoroquinolone (FQ) exposure is of great concern as it could result in occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial strains. In this study, MDR mechanism in Pseudomonas aeruginosa induced via moxifloxacin (MOX) pressure was investigated. After serial MOX [concentration of 0.5 × the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)] exposure, the fully susceptible P. aeruginosa ATCC 9027 strain has increased its MIC not only toward MOX (1→128 mg/L) but also to other antibiotics...
May 31, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554630/towards-improved-quality-benchmarking-and-shelf-life-evaluation-of-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon
#14
Nhat Tam Le, Nhu Khue Doan, Thanh Nguyen Ba, Thi Van Thi Tran
An improved quality benchmarking and shelf life evaluation of freshly harvested black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) was pursued by combining sensory and chemical methods. This involved developing a quality index method (QIM) to further assess both freshness and shelf life of the studied shrimp samples. The quality index included the use of trimethylamine (TMA-N), total volatile basis nitrogen (TVB-N), histamine, and hypoxanthine, which were performed at scheduled times during the ten days of ice storage (0°C)...
November 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553822/functional-status-and-adaptation-measuring-activities-of-daily-living-and-device-use-in-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#15
Stephen Frochen, Shahla Mehdizadeh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the functional status and adaptation of older Americans and discover the factors that contributing to device use. METHOD: Using the community participants' portion of the first round of National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), we demonstrate the prevalence of device use and reduction in activities, creating a multilevel measure of activities of daily living (ADL) functionality as compared with Katz's dichotomous measure...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553797/informal-care-networks-in-the-context-of-multimorbidity
#16
Matthew A Andersson, Joan K Monin
OBJECTIVE: We evaluate how the size and composition of care networks change with increasing morbidity count (i.e., multimorbidity) and how larger care networks relate to recipient psychological well-being. METHOD: Using the National Health and Aging Trends study (NHATS; N = 7,026), we conduct multivariate regressions to analyze size and compositional differences in care networks by morbidity count and recipient gender, and to examine differences in recipient psychological well-being linked to care network size...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526620/evidence-for-cortical-structural-plasticity-in-humans-after-a-day-of-waking-and-sleep-deprivation
#17
Torbjørn Elvsåshagen, Nathalia Zak, Linn B Norbom, Per Ø Pedersen, Sophia H Quraishi, Atle Bjørnerud, Dag Alnæs, Nhat Trung Doan, Ulrik F Malt, Inge R Groote, Lars T Westlye
Sleep is an evolutionarily conserved process required for human health and functioning. Insufficient sleep causes impairments across cognitive domains, and sleep deprivation can have rapid antidepressive effects in mood disorders. However, the neurobiological effects of waking and sleep are not well understood. Recently, animal studies indicated that waking and sleep are associated with substantial cortical structural plasticity. Here, we hypothesized that structural plasticity can be observed after a day of waking and sleep deprivation in the human cerebral cortex...
May 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501156/broadcasting-photonic-lab-on-a-chip-concept-through-a-low-cost-manufacturing-approach
#18
Isaac Rodríguez-Ruiz, Sébastien Teychené, Nhat Van Pham, Dimitri Radajewski, Fabrice Lamadie, Andreu Llobera, Sophie Charton
A low cost fabrication process for photonic lab on a chip systems is here proposed. For the implementation of the masters suitable for cast molding fabrication, an inexpensive dry film photoresist, patternable using standard laboratory equipment, is benchmarked against standardized SU-8 masters obtained using UV lithography and systems manufacture in clean room facilities. Results show adequate system fabrication and a comparable performance of the photonic structures for absorbance/extinction measurements.
August 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482268/the-role-of-the-environment-in-falls-among-stroke-survivors
#19
Jeffrey J Wing, James F Burke, Philippa J Clarke, Chunyang Feng, Lesli E Skolarus
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors' risk of falls may be particularly sensitive to the environment due to deficits such as visuospatial neglect or homonymous hemianopia. We sought to identify the prevalence of falls among stroke survivors and investigate the possible role of the environment in falling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), a nationally representative population of community-dwelling adults over 65, were used...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480746/subjective-age-and-sleep-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#20
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Sophie Bayard, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: Chronological age is commonly used to explain change in sleep. The present study examines whether subjective age is associated with change in sleep difficulties across middle adulthood and old age. DESIGN: Participants were drawn from the second (2004-2005) and third (2013-2014) waves of the Midlife in the United States Survey (MIDUS, N = 2350; Mean Age: 55.54 years), the 2008 and 2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS, N = 4066; Mean Age: 67...
September 2017: Psychology & Health
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