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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142446/hysterosalpingographic-hsg-pattern-of-infertility-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#1
Chinwe R Onwuchekwa, Vaduneme K Oriji
Background: Infertility is a complex disorder with significant medical, psychological and economic problems. Aims: The aim of the study is to evaluate the structural abnormalities of the uterus and fallopian tubes in infertile women as elucidated by hysterosalpingography. Setting and Design: A retrospective study, conducted at the Radiology and Obstetric and Gynaecologic Departments of a tertiary health care institution. Materials and Methods: Evaluation of all consecutive patients in whom hysterosalpingographic (HSG) was performed for infertility between July 2013 and June 2015 in the Department of Radiology...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138669/medical-and-dental-students-attitude-and-practice-of-prevention-strategies-against-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-a-nigerian-university
#2
Oyebimpe Jumoke Adenlewo, Peter Olalekan Adeosun, Olawunmi Adedoyin Fatusi
Introduction: Medical and dental students are a high-risk group for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which is an occupational hazard for them and a leading cause of death globally. Prevention strategies include vaccination and observance of standard precaution. However, available reports claim utilization of the prevention strategies is low. This study evaluated the attitude of the students towards HBV vaccine and cross-infection practices. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study carried out at the College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137595/study-of-bacterial-infections-among-patients-receiving-kidney-transplant-in-mashhad-iran
#3
Davood Mansury, Azad Khaledi, Kiarash Ghazvini, Mahin Ghorban Sabbagh, Hosna Zare, Mohammad Hossein Rokni-Hosseini, Hossein Vazini
OBJECTIVES: Over the past 2 decades, significant advances have been made in the management of infections after transplant; however, transplant recipients are still at high risk of infectious complications. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of bacterial infections and antimicrobial resistance patterns in kidney transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 356 patients who received kidney transplants, regardless of the underlying disease, from 2013 to 2015 at the Montaserieh Transplant Hospital (Mashhad, Iran)...
November 15, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134320/artificial-intelligence-in-neurodegenerative-disease-research-use-of-ibm-watson-to-identify-additional-rna-binding-proteins-altered-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#4
Nadine Bakkar, Tina Kovalik, Ileana Lorenzini, Scott Spangler, Alix Lacoste, Kyle Sponaugle, Philip Ferrante, Elenee Argentinis, Rita Sattler, Robert Bowser
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease with no effective treatments. Numerous RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) have been shown to be altered in ALS, with mutations in 11 RBPs causing familial forms of the disease, and 6 more RBPs showing abnormal expression/distribution in ALS albeit without any known mutations. RBP dysregulation is widely accepted as a contributing factor in ALS pathobiology. There are at least 1542 RBPs in the human genome; therefore, other unidentified RBPs may also be linked to the pathogenesis of ALS...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132624/the-value-of-ehr-based-assessment-of-physician-competency-an-investigative-effort-with-internal-medicine-physicians
#5
Kimberly Venta, Erin Baker, Cali Fidopiastis, Kay Stanney
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of developing an EHR-based model of physician competency, named the Skill Deficiency Evaluation Toolkit for Eliminating Competency-loss Trends (Skill-DETECT), which presents the opportunity to use EHR-based models to inform selection of Continued Medical Education (CME) opportunities specifically targeted at maintaining proficiency. METHODS: The IBM Explorys platform provided outpatient Electronic Health Records (EHRs) representing 76 physicians with over 5000 patients combined...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132352/intensive-care-antibiotic-consumption-and-resistance-patterns-a-cross-correlation-analysis
#6
Luminita Baditoiu, Carmen Axente, Diana Lungeanu, Delia Muntean, Florin Horhat, Roxana Moldovan, Elena Hogea, Ovidiu Bedreag, Dorel Sandesc, Monica Licker
BACKGROUND: Over recent decades, a dramatic increase in infections caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens has been observed worldwide. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between local resistance bacterial patterns and antibiotic consumption in an intensive care unit in a Romanian university hospital. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted between 1st January 2012 and 31st December 2013. Data covering the consumption of antibacterial drugs and the incidence density for the main resistance phenotypes was collected on a monthly basis, and this data was aggregated quarterly...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125093/interrelationship-between-food-security-status-home-availability-of-variety-of-fruits-and-vegetables-and-their-dietary-intake-among-low-income-pregnant-women
#7
Danielle L Nunnery, Jeffrey D Labban, Jigna M Dharod
OBJECTIVE: To (i) determine differences in the availability of variety of fruits and vegetables (F&V) at home by food security status; and (ii) examine the inter-associations between food security status, availability of variety of F&V at home and frequency of F&V intake, among low-income pregnant women. Design/Setting Participants were interviewed to collect food security status, home availability of variety of F&V and frequency of F&V intake. Bivariate analyses, multivariate regression and exploratory mediation analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS Statistics version 23...
November 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124045/dietary-diversity-score-and-its-related-factors-among-employees-of-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences
#8
Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Hadi Abdollahzad, Roghayeh Mostafai, Shima Moradi, Yahya Pasdar, Mansour Rezaei, Soudabeh Esksndari
Dietary diversity score (DDS) is known as an indicator of food quality. Dietary diversity can promote health status. The aim of this study was determined DDS and its related factors in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) employees. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 190 employees of KUMS in 2015. According to the population of KUMS centers which were selected randomly (Paramedical, Public Health faculties, Imam Reza Hospital and province health center), subjects were selected by convenience sampling method...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119452/mental-health-loneliness-and-illness-perception-outcomes-in-quality-of-life-among-young-breast-cancer-patients-after-mastectomy-the-role-of-breast-reconstruction
#9
Ioanna Fanakidou, Sofia Zyga, Victoria Alikari, Maria Tsironi, John Stathoulis, Paraskevi Theofilou
PURPOSE: Το explore the relationship between mental health (depression, anxiety, and stress), loneliness, and illness perception with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young breast cancer patients, within a year after mastectomy, and to investigate the role of breast reconstruction. METHODS: Eighty-one women with stage II breast cancer-35 with breast reconstruction and 46 without breast reconstruction-completed the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index-15, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, and a questionnaire with demographic and medical information...
November 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114108/therapeutic-effects-of-curcumin-on-ultrasonic-morphological-characteristics-of-liver-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Senada Selmanovic, Azijada Beganlic, Nizama Salihefendic, Farid Ljuca, Albina Softic, Elvisa Smajic
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (METS) represent a simultaneous presence of multiple metabolic disorders in one person. Prevalence is increasing worldwide, which is probably related to increased obesity and sedentary lifestyle. Non-alcoholic steatosis or "fatty liver" is a metabolic disease caused by fat dysfunction. It can be a sign of some other disease, and can often be found in patients with metabolic disorders. Ultrasound is an acceptable method for the identification of fatty steatosis...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113438/performance-in-grade-12-mathematics-and-science-predicts-student-nurses-performance-in-first-year-science-modules-at-a-university-in-the-western-cape
#11
Katlego D T Mthimunye, Felicity M Daniels
BACKGROUND: The demand for highly qualified and skilled nurses is increasing in South Africa as well as around the world. Having a background in science can create a significant advantage for students wishing to enrol for an undergraduate nursing qualification because nursing as profession is grounded in scientific evidence. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive validity of grade 12 mathematics and science on the academic performance of first year student nurses in science modules...
October 26, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109670/assessment-of-hygiene-habits-in-acrylic-denture-wearers-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Georges Aoun, Elie Gerges
Objectives: To assess the denture hygiene habits in a population of Lebanese denture wearers. Materials and Methods: One hundred and thirty-two (132) patients [71 women (53.8%) and 61 men (46.2%)] wearing their acrylic dentures for more than two years were included in this study. The hygiene methods related to their dentures were evaluated and the data obtained were analyzed statistically using the IBM(®) SPSS(®) statistics 20.0 (USA) statistical package. Results: Regardless of the cleaning technique, the big majority of our participants [123 out of 132 (93...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102643/inferring-parameters-for-a-lattice-free-model-of-cell-migration-and-proliferation-using-experimental-data
#13
Alexander P Browning, Scott W McCue, Rachelle N Binny, Michael J Plank, Esha T Shah, Matthew J Simpson
Collective cell spreading takes place in spatially continuous environments, yet it is often modelled using discrete lattice-based approaches. Here, we use data from a series of cell proliferation assays, with a prostate cancer cell line, to calibrate a spatially continuous individual based model (IBM) of collective cell migration and proliferation. The IBM explicitly accounts for crowding effects by modifying the rate of movement, direction of movement, and the rate of proliferation by accounting for pair-wise interactions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098840/-distribution-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-syndromes-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-correlation-between-symptoms
#14
Yan-Qing Zhao, Qing-Song Li, Min-Hong Xiang, Wei Zhang, Xing-Ru Zhang
To investigate the distribution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Syndromes of diabetic retinopathy and explore the correlation between various symptoms. Based on the literature in databases of China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP network, China biomedical literature database (CBM) and PubMed, SPSS 20.0 and IBM SPSS Modeler 14.1 software were used to analyze the location of disease, symptoms, tongue and pulse, and syndrome type distribution through frequency statistics. In addition, association rule algorithm was used to explore the basic rules for underlying symptoms combinations of diabetic retinopathy...
July 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096619/incorporating-18-fdg-pet-defined-pelvic-active-bone-marrow-in-the-automatic-treatment-planning-process-of-anal-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemo-radiation
#15
Pierfrancesco Franco, Christian Fiandra, Francesca Arcadipane, Elisabetta Trino, Francesca Romana Giglioli, Riccardo Ragona, Umberto Ricardi
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether the incorporation of (18)FDG-PET into the automatic treatment planning process may be able to decrease the dose to active bone marrow (BM) for locally advanced anal cancer patients undergoing concurrent chemo-radiation (CHT-RT). METHODS: Ten patients with locally advanced anal cancer were selected. Bone marrow within the pelvis was outlined as the whole outer contour of pelvic bones or employing (18)FDG-PET to identify active BM within osseous structures...
November 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096314/predicting-the-effects-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-on-cetacean-populations-through-impacts-on-immunity-and-calf-survival
#16
Ailsa J Hall, Bernie J McConnell, Lori H Schwacke, Gina M Ylitalo, Rob Williams, Teri K Rowles
The potential impact of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on the health and survival of cetaceans continues to be an issue for conservation and management, yet few quantitative approaches for estimating population level effects have been developed. An individual based model (IBM) for assessing effects on both calf survival and immunity was developed and tested. Three case study species (bottlenose dolphin, humpback whale and killer whale) in four populations were taken as examples and the impact of varying levels of PCB uptake on achievable population growth was assessed...
October 30, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082908/progestogen-only-injectable-contraceptive-acceptor-prevalence-and-client-experience-at-sagamu-nigeria
#17
Adebayo Adekunle Akadri, Oluseyi Isaiah Odelola
CONTEXT: Progestogen-only injectable contraceptive is a long-lasting contraceptive given at interval of two or 3 months. It is effective, safe and convenient. Menstrual irregularity is a recognised side effect. AIMS: This study aims to determine the acceptor prevalence and clinical experience of women using progestogen-only injectable contraceptive at Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of new acceptors of progestogen-only injectable contraceptives between 1 January, 2010, and 31 December, 2014...
July 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080777/individual-based-modeling-and-analysis-of-pathogen-levels-in-poultry-chilling-process
#18
Zachary McCarthy, Ben Smith, Aamir Fazil, Jianhong Wu, Shawn D Ryan, Daniel Munther
Pathogen control during poultry processing critically depends on more enhanced insight into contamination dynamics. In this study we build an individual based model (IBM) of the chilling process. Quantifying the relationships between typical Canadian processing specifications, water chemistry dynamics and pathogen levels both in the chiller water and on individual carcasses, the IBM is shown to provide a useful tool for risk management as it can inform risk assessment models. We apply the IBM to Campylobacter spp...
November 3, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080034/-mr-database-jim-gray-and-the-history-of-database-technologies
#19
Nils C Hanwahr
Although the widespread use of the term "Big Data" is comparatively recent, it invokes a phenomenon in the developments of database technology with distinct historical contexts. The database engineer Jim Gray, known as "Mr. Database" in Silicon Valley before his disappearance at sea in 2007, was involved in many of the crucial developments since the 1970s that constitute the foundation of exceedingly large and distributed databases. Jim Gray was involved in the development of relational database systems based on the concepts of Edgar F...
October 27, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077722/solving-an-emergency-rescue-materials-problem-under-the-joint-reserves-mode-of-government-and-framework-agreement-suppliers
#20
Jiang-Hua Zhang, Xiao-Qing Sun, Rui Zhu, Ming Li, Wang Miao
Emergency rescue material reserves are vital for the success of emergency rescue activities. In this study, we consider a situation where a government owned distribution center and framework agreement suppliers jointly store emergency rescue materials. Using a scenario-based approach to represent demand uncertainty, we propose a comprehensive transportation pattern for the following supply chain: "suppliers-government distribution center-disaster area." Using a joint reserves model that includes the government and framework agreement suppliers, we develop a non-linear mathematic model that determines the choices of the framework suppliers, the corresponding optimal commitment quantities, and the quantity of materials that are stored at a government distribution center...
2017: PloS One
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