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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214506/comparison-of-the-extent-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-versus-without-interatrial-block-and-implications-for-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Bryce Alexander, Jimmy MacHaalany, Brandon Lam, Henri van Rooy, Sohaib Haseeb, Adrian Kuchtaruk, Benedict Glover, Antoni Bayés de Luna, Adrian Baranchuk
Interatrial block (IAB) represents delay or block of conduction between the atria. IAB has been shown to predict the development or recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in various clinical scenarios. Few studies have examined the correlation between coronary artery disease and the prevalence of IAB and its impact on AF. The aim of this study was to determine if specific coronary artery lesions (location and number) are associated with the presence of IAB and development of new-onset AF. Retrospective analysis of patients presenting with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) to our institution...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208984/aquaporin-3-and-e-cadherin-expression-in-perilesional-vitiligo-skin
#2
Ola Ahmed Bakry, Magda Mostafa Hagag, Mona Abd El Halim Kandil, Wafaa Ahmed Shehata
INTRODUCTION: Vitiligo is a common dermatologic disorder with debated aetiology. Most studies focused on role of melanocytes and few investigated the role of keratinocytes in pathogenesis of the disease. AIM: To investigate the keratinocyte adhesion in perilesional vitiligo skin through the immunolocalization of Aquaporin-3 (AQP3) and E-cadherin. SETTING AND DESIGN: Sixty five subjects were selected. These included 40 cases with vitiligo and 25 age and gender-matched healthy subjects as a control group...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207502/impact-of-the-dietary-fatty-acid-intake-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-us-adults
#3
Mohsen Mazidi, Hong-Kai Gao, Hassan Vatanparast, Andre Pascal Kengne
Growing evidence suggests that the effects of diet on cardiovascular disease (CVD) occur through mechanisms involving subclinical inflammation. We assessed whether reported dietary fatty acid intake correlates with a serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentration in a population-based sample of US men and women.In this cross-sectional analysis, participants were selected from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and restricted to those with available data on dietary intake, biochemical and anthropometric measurements from 2001 to 2010...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206733/end-of-life-decisions-in-34-slovene-intensive-care-units-a-nationwide-prospective-clinical-study
#4
Miha Orazem, Urh Groselj, Manca Stojan, Neza Majdic, Gaj Vidmar, Stefan Grosek
BACKGROUND: To determine how end-of-life decisions (EOLD) on limitations of life- sustaining treatment (LST) are made in three different types of intensive care units (ICUs) in Slovenia. METHODS: A national multicenter prospective study among 31 adult and three pediatric/neonatal ICUs (PICUs). The questionnaire form on EOLD was designed to assess the clinical practice. Data were collected between January 1, 2013, and March 31, 2013. For statistical analysis we used IBM® SPSS® Statistics 20 software package...
February 15, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202912/inflammatory-myopathies-genetic-associations-with-ibm
#5
Jessica McHugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196751/-hospital-emergencies-arising-from-nursing-homes-in-a-region-evolution-characteristics-and-appropriateness
#6
Inma Sánchez-Pérez, Nuri Comes Garcia, Lola Romero Piniella, Gemma Prats Martos, Gemma Arnau Bataller, Jordi Coderch
OBJECTIVE: Hospital emergencies (HE) arising from nursing homes (NH) are on the rise. We analyse the evolution, characteristics and appropriateness of HE of NH residents in a region, as well as resulting hospital admissions. METHOD: Retrospective descriptive study between 2010 and 2013 of institutionalised residents of 11 NH located in Baix Empordà (704 beds) and Palamós Hospital. VARIABLES: Gender, age, morbidity and relative weight according to clinical risk groups (CRG), NH, length of stay, diagnosis of the emergency, appropriateness of HE according to Bermejo's criteria and the HE appropriateness protocol (HEAP), and appropriateness of hospitalisations according to the Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol (AEP)...
February 10, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195094/association-of-interleukin-2-4-and-10-with-dengue-severity
#7
Kumar S Abhishek, Anita Chakravarti, C P Baveja, Naresh Kumar, Oves Siddiqui, Suman Kumar
BACKGROUND: Dengue is an arboviral disease caused by four distinct serotypes of dengue virus. The pathogenesis of dengue is not very clearly understood. Various pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines are involved in the immune pathogenesis of dengue. Interleukin (IL)-2/IL-2 receptor interaction is supposed to play a protective role, while IL-4 acts as pro-inflammatory whereas IL-10 acts as anti-inflammatory cytokines. So far, not much information is available regarding the established role of these cytokines with dengue infection and severity...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195084/calretinin-expression-as-a-reliable-prognostic-marker-in-different-molecular-subtypes-of-breast-carcinoma
#8
Mayada Saad Farrag, Amro Awad El-Karef, Maha Mohammed Amin, Nagwa Mokhtar Helal, Omar Farouk Ali, Nesrine Saad Farrag
BACKGROUND: Calretinin (CR), a known mesothelial marker, is expressed in both epithelial and mesenchymal malignancies including breast cancer. AIMS: We aimed to measure the frequency of CR expression in correlation with other clinicopathological parameters of different molecular subtypes of invasive breast carcinoma and to study its prognostic implications in this common cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Tissue microarrays were constructed from 225 tissue samples of breast carcinoma cases...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188510/medication-use-and-risk-of-falls-among-nursing-home-residents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Andrea Bor, Mária Matuz, Márta Csatordai, Gábor Szalai, András Bálint, Ria Benkő, Gyöngyvér Soós, Péter Doró
Background Geriatric falls are leading causes of hospital trauma admissions and injury-related deaths. Medication use is a crucial element among extrinsic risk factors for falls. To reduce fall risk and the prevalence of adverse drug reactions, potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) lists are widely used. Objective Our aim was to investigate the possible predictors of geriatric falls annualized over a 5-year-long period, as well as to evaluate the medication use of nursing home residents. Setting Nursing home residents were recruited from the same institution between 2010 and 2015 in Szeged, Hungary...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181074/bisphenol-a-concentration-in-human-saliva-related-to-dental-polymer-based-fillings
#10
T L L Berge, G B Lygre, B A G Jönsson, C H Lindh, L Björkman
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to quantify salivary concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) and to assess if presence of dental composite fillings is associated with higher BPA levels in saliva. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty individuals with six or more tooth surfaces filled with polymer-based dental materials (composite group) and 20 individuals without any polymer-based materials (control group) were included in the study. Saliva was collected in polypropylene tubes and stored at -80 °C before analysis...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178955/the-management-of-the-faeces-passed-by-under-five-children-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-research-in-an-urban-community-in-southwest-nigeria
#11
Olufemi Oludare Aluko, Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Emmanuel Abiodun Olaoye, Adeyinka Daniel Adebayo, Seun Oladele Oyetola, Oluwaseun Olamide Abegunde
BACKGROUND: Safe management of faeces (SMoF) and environmental contamination by faecal pathogens have been extensively researched although the SMoF in under-five children has been perennially neglected perhaps due to the misconception that it is harmless. This research, therefore, studied the situation, to determine the magnitude and dimensions of the problem aimed at making policy level stakeholders aware of child faeces management systems and so, inform evidence-based implementation of child and health-related programmes in Nigeria...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174594/preventing-involuntary-admissions-special-needs-for-distinct-patient-groups
#12
Knut Hoffmann, I S Haussleiter, F Illes, J Jendreyschak, A Diehl, B Emons, C Armgart, A Schramm, G Juckel
BACKGROUND: Coercive measures in psychiatry are a controversial topic and raise ethical, legal and clinical issues. Involuntary admission of patients is a long-lasting problem and indicates a problematic pathway to care situations within the community, largely because personal freedom is fundamentally covered by the UN declaration of human rights and the German constitution. METHODS: In this study, a survey on a large and comprehensive population of psychiatric in-patients in the eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, was carried out for the years 2004-2009, including 230...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174442/three-dimensional-motion-analysis-in-the-elbow-joint-position-sense-in-children
#13
So-Young Hong, Chiang-Soon Song, Ki-Hoon Hong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in elbow joint position sense in children. [Subjects and Methods] Nineteen healthy children volunteered as subjects for this study. Joint position sense was assessed by asking the children to flex their elbows between 30° to 110° while blindfolded. The error range of elbow movement was analyzed with Compact Measuring System 10 for three-dimensional motion. To analyze data, descriptive statistics and paired t-test analysis were performed by using IBM SPSS Statistics 20...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167851/il-1%C3%AE-induced-accumulation-of-amyloid-macroautophagy-in-skeletal-muscle-depends-on-erk
#14
Karsten Schmidt, Magdalena Wienken, Christian W Keller, Peter Balcarek, Christian Münz, Jens Schmidt
The pathology of inclusion body myositis (IBM) involves an inflammatory response and β-amyloid deposits in muscle fibres. It is believed that MAP kinases such as the ERK signalling pathway mediate the inflammatory signalling in cells. Further, there is evidence that autophagic activity plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of IBM. Using a well established in vitro model of IBM, the autophagic pathway, MAP kinases, and accumulation of β-amyloid were examined. We demonstrate that stimulation of muscle cells with IL-1β and IFN-γ led to an increased phosphorylation of ERK...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166952/incorporating-an-immersed-boundary-method-to-study-thermal-effects-of-vascular-systems-during-tissue-cryo-freezing
#15
M Y Ge, C Shu, W M Yang, K J Chua
In this paper, the three-dimensional thermal effects of a clinically-extracted vascular tissue undergoing cryo-freezing are numerically investigated. Based on the measured experimental temperature field, the numerical results of the Pennes bioheat model combined with the boundary condition-enforced immersed boundary method (IBM) agreed well with experimental data with a maximum temperature discrepancy of 2.9°C. For simulating the temperature profile of a tumor sited in a dominantly vascularized tissue, our model is able to capture with ease the thermal effects at specified junctions of the blood vessels...
February 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163356/comparing-three-data-mining-methods-to-predict-kidney-transplant-survival
#16
Leila Shahmoradi, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Gholamreza Pourmand, Ziba Aghsaei Fard, Alireza Borhani
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important complications of post-transplant is rejection. Analyzing survival is one of the areas of medical prognosis and data mining, as an effective approach, has the capacity of analyzing and estimating outcomes in advance through discovering appropriate models among data. The present study aims at comparing the effectiveness of C5.0 algorithms, neural network and C&RTree to predict kidney transplant survival before transplant. METHOD: To detect factors effective in predicting transplant survival, information needs analysis was performed via a researcher-made questionnaire...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159418/the-role-of-p62-sqstm1-in-sporadic-inclusion-body-myositis
#17
Satoshi Nakano, Mitsuaki Oki, Hirofumi Kusaka
We examined selective autophagy against ubiquitinated protein aggregates in sporadic inclusion body myositis (s-IBM) patients. The form of autophagy requires phosphorylation of serine 403 in p62/SQSTM1 to bind to Lys63-linked ubiquitin and the binding of the p62-ubiquitinated protein conjugates to LC3. In muscle biopsy specimens from 16 s-IBM patients, we compared the distribution of p62 (aa120-440) with 1) Ser403-phosphorylated p62 (S403-pp62), 2) Lys63-linked ubiquitin and 3) LC3 in double-colour immunofluorescence microscopy...
December 29, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156622/radiation-therapy-for-palliation-of-osseous-metastasis-from-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Amit G Singal, Adam Charles Yopp, Jeffrey John Meyer, Daniella Hall, Michael Ryan Folkert
: 204 Background: Osseous metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is uncommon, and optimal palliative management for palliation is unclear. We present our clinical experience with palliative radiotherapy (RT) for osseous metastasis from HCC. METHODS: Patients were identified using two prospectively maintained databases at our institution: all patients with HCC who developed metastases and all patients undergoing RT. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed following Institutional Review Board approval...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153034/tdp-43-cryptic-exons-are-highly-variable-between-cell-types
#19
Yun Ha Jeong, Jonathan P Ling, Sophie Z Lin, Aneesh N Donde, Kerstin E Braunstein, Elisa Majounie, Bryan J Traynor, Katherine D LaClair, Thomas E Lloyd, Philip C Wong
BACKGROUND: TDP-43 proteinopathy is a prominent pathological feature that occurs in a number of human diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and inclusion body myositis (IBM). Our recent finding that TDP-43 represses nonconserved cryptic exons led us to ask whether cell type-specific cryptic exons could exist to impact unique molecular pathways in brain or muscle. METHODS: In the present work, we investigated TDP-43's function in various mouse tissues to model disease pathogenesis...
February 2, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152757/lung-cancer-diagnosis-transformation-aligning-the-people-processes-and-technology-sides-of-the-learning-system
#20
Donna E Maziak, Jason R Pantarotto, Jennifer Smylie, Leanne Taylor, Thomas Timlin, Tiziana Cacciotti, Patrick James Villeneuve, Carole Dennie, Chantal Bornais, Jose Aquino, Paul Wheatley-Price, David J Stewart
: 50 Background: The Ottawa Hospital, serving a population of 1.2 million across a large geographic area, redesigned its regional lung cancer diagnosis and patient intake process using a systems approach. Although having a strong record of excellent coordinated care, recent challenges had created strains on delivery metrics. Prior to the implementation of the project (October 2014), it took patients a range of 15 - 225 days to get from a referral with a suspicion of lung cancer to initial treatment, with a 90(th) percentile of 117 days...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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