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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534788/rankmap-a-framework-for-distributed-learning-from-dense-data-sets
#1
Azalia Mirhoseini, Eva L Dyer, Ebrahim M Songhori, Richard Baraniuk, Farinaz Koushanfar
This paper introduces RankMap, a platform-aware end-to-end framework for efficient execution of a broad class of iterative learning algorithms for massive and dense data sets. Our framework exploits data structure to scalably factorize it into an ensemble of lower rank subspaces. The factorization creates sparse low-dimensional representations of the data, a property which is leveraged to devise effective mapping and scheduling of iterative learning algorithms on the distributed computing machines. We provide two APIs, one matrix-based and one graph-based, which facilitate automated adoption of the framework for performing several contemporary learning applications...
May 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534755/cognitive-computing-and-the-future-of-health-care-cognitive-computing-and-the-future-of-healthcare-the-cognitive-power-of-ibm-watson-has-the-potential-to-transform-global-personalized-medicine
#2
Mohamed Nooman Ahmed, Andeep S Toor, Kelsey O'Neil, Dawson Friedland
Welcome to the era of cognitive health care, a new partnership between human beings and technology with the goal of transforming health care on a global scale.
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533833/application-of-the-socio-ecological-model-to-predict-physical-activity-behaviour-among-nigerian-university-students
#3
Inimfon Aniema Essiet, Anisah Baharom, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Benjamin Uzochukwu
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity among university students is a catalyst for habitual physical activity in adulthood. Physical activity has many health benefits besides the improvement in academic performance. The present study assessed the predictors of physical activity among Nigerian university students using the Social Ecological Model (SEM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited first-year undergraduate students in the University of Uyo, Nigeria by multistage sampling...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533183/dedicated-research-time-during-surgery-residency-leads-to-a-significant-decline-in-self-assessed-clinical-aptitude-and-surgical-skills
#4
Monica M Grova, Anthony D Yang, Misty D Humphries, Joseph M Galante, Edgardo S Salcedo
OBJECTIVE: The surgical community commonly perceives a decline in surgical and patient care skills among residents who take dedicated time away from clinical activity to engage in research. We hypothesize that residents perceive a decline in their skills because of dedicated research time. SETTING: UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, an institutional tertiary care center. PARTICIPANTS: General surgery residents and graduates from UC Davis general surgery residency training program, who had completed at least 1 year of research during their training...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532495/development-and-validation-of-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-acei-induced-angioedema-investigator-rating-scale-and-proposed-discharge-criteria
#5
Nicola Bonner, Charlotte Panter, Alan Kimura, Rich Sinert, Joseph Moellman, Jonathan A Bernstein
BACKGROUND: The use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) has been associated with the development of bradykinin-mediated angioedema. With ever-widening indications for ACEI in diseases including hypertension, congestive heart failure and diabetic nephropathy, a concomitant increase in ACEI-Angioedema (ACEI-A) has been reported. At present there is no validated severity scoring or discharge criteria for ACEI-A. We sought to develop and validate an investigator rating scale with corresponding discharge criteria using clinicians experienced in treating ACEI-A...
May 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528464/evidence-based-identification-of-key-beliefs-explaining-infant-male-circumcision-motivation-among-expectant-parents-in-zimbabwe-targets-for-behavior-change-messaging
#6
Daniel E Montaño, Mufuta Tshimanga, Deven T Hamilton, Gerald Gorn, Danuta Kasprzyk
Slow adult male circumcision uptake is one factor leading some to recommend increased priority for infant male circumcision (IMC) in sub-Saharan African countries. This research, guided by the integrated behavioral model (IBM), was carried out to identify key beliefs that best explain Zimbabwean parents' motivation to have their infant sons circumcised. A quantitative survey, designed from qualitative elicitation study results, was administered to independent representative samples of 800 expectant mothers and 795 expectant fathers in two urban and two rural areas in Zimbabwe...
May 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523201/sarcoidosis-is-it-a-possible-trigger-of-inclusion-body-myositis
#7
Ali Zakaria, Issam Turk, Kenneth Leung, Ana Capatina-Rata, Waseem Farra
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology, characterized pathologically by the presence of nonnecrotizing granulomatous inflammation in affected organs. Although skeletal muscle is involved in 50-80 percent of individuals with sarcoidosis, symptomatic myopathy has been shown to be a rare manifestation of the disease. Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is a rare acquired idiopathic inflammatory myopathy with the insidious onset of asymmetric and distal muscle weakness that characteristically involves the quadriceps, tibialis anterior, and forearm flexors...
2017: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523050/frequency-of-color-blindness-in-pre-employment-screening-in-a-tertiary-health-care-center-in-pakistan
#8
Shaukat Ali Chhipa, Farzeen K Hashmi, Shehreen Ali, Mustafa Kamal, Khabir Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of color vision deficiency among Pakistani adults presenting for pre-employment health screening in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and the data was collected for color vision deficiency, age, gender, and job applied for from pre-employment examination during 2013-2014. IBM SPSS 20 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Three thousand four hundred and thirty seven persons underwent pre-employment screening during 2013 and 2014; 1837 (53...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522950/red-flag-symptoms-detailed-account-of-clinicopathological-features-in-young-onset-colorectal-cancer
#9
Ramish Riaz, Nosheen Masood, Arfa Benish
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colorectal cancer has long been considered disease of the West, typically occurring in old age; however, the incidence is rising in Asia. The pattern of disease is quite different in Asia, occurring at a younger age and at an advanced stage. Recognition of disease at an early stage is still a challenge for physicians. Few data are available regarding young-onset colorectal cancer in Pakistan. We conducted this study to fill this gap and provide deeper insight into clinical symptoms and histopathological features of young-onset colorectal cancer...
April 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514259/does-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-affect-the-shear-wave-velocity-of-the-thyroid-gland-of-children-without-autoimmune-thyroiditis
#10
Dilek Sağlam, Meltem Ceyhan Bilgici, Cengiz Kara, Gülay Can Yilmaz, Asli Tanrivermiş Sayit
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the shear wave velocity (SWV) of the thyroid gland with acoustic radiation force impulse elastography in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between November 2015 and April 2016, 35 T1D patients who were referred to our hospital's endocrinology outpatient clinic (mean age, 11.88 ± 4.1 years) and 30 children (mean age, 11.3 ± 3.08 years) in the control group were enrolled in the study...
May 16, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513507/early-pregnancy-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-levels-in-nigerian-women-and-its-relationship-with-preeclampsia
#11
I C Udenze, A P Arikawe, C C Makwe
AIM: This study compared early plasma levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia and determined its relationship with disease severity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 195 normotensive, aproteinuric pregnant women without prior history of gestational hypertension. The women were attending the Antenatal Clinic at The Lagos University Teaching Hospital and were within 24 weeks gestation at recruitment...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#12
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511409/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-healthcare-managers-to-medical-waste-management-and-occupational-safety-practices-findings-from-southeast-nigeria
#13
Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Justus Ndulue Eze, Emmanuel Johnbosco Mamah, Robinson Chukwudi Onoh, Emeka Onwe Ogah, Daniel Akuma Umezurike, Rita Onyinyechi Anozie
INTRODUCTION: Awareness of appropriate waste management procedures and occupational safety measures is fundamental to achieving a safe work environment, and ensuring patient and staff safety. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the attitude of healthcare managers to medical waste management and occupational safety practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 54 hospital administrators in Ebonyi state...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508821/measuring-the-negative-impact-of-long-sitting-hours-at-high-school-students-using-the-microsoft-kinect
#14
Norbert Gal-Nadasan, Emanuela Georgiana Gal-Nadasan, Vasile Stoicu-Tivadar, Dan V Poenaru, Diana Popa-Andrei
This paper suggests the usage of the Microsoft Kinect to detect the onset of the scoliosis at high school students due to incorrect sitting positions. The measurement is done by measuring the overall posture in orthostatic position using the Microsoft Kinect. During the measuring process several key points of the human body are tracked like the hips and shoulders to form the postural data. The test was done on 30 high school students who spend 6 to 7 hours per day in the school benches. The postural data is statistically processed by IBM Watson's Analytics...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507575/association-between-telomere-length-and-complete-blood-count-in-us-adults
#15
Mohsen Mazidi, Peter Penson, Maciej Banach
INTRODUCTION: Telomere length (TL) is related to age-related health outcomes, but little is known about the relationship between TL and complete blood count (CBC) parameters. We aimed to determine the relationship between TL and CBC in a sample of healthy US adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) recruited between 1999 and 2002 who had essential data on total CBC and TL were studied. We computed age- and race-adjusted mean values for total CBC using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507450/patient-safety-attitudes-of-pharmacy-students-in-an-ethiopian-university-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Henok Getachew Tegegn, Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Mohammed Biset Ayalew, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety is a major health care concern and is being included in an undergraduate curriculum as it plays a major role in lessening harm. Therefore, we aim to assess the attitude of pharmacy students toward patient safety. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire containing 21 items was conducted at the University of Gondar among fourth and fifth year students. Data analysis was performed to calculate mean, standard deviation, percentages, and logistic regressions using SPSS software version 22 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA)...
2017: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503391/prevalence-and-predictors-of-use-of-home-sphygmomanometers-among-hypertensive-patients
#17
Hira Zahid, Aisha Amin, Emaan Amin, Summaiya Waheed, Ameema Asad, Ariba Faheem, Samreen Jawaid, Adila Afzal, Sarah Misbah, Kanza Majid
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have looked at the predictors of use of home sphygmomanometers among hypertensive patients in low-income countries such as Pakistan. Considering the importance of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM), cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of the usage of all kinds of HBPM devices. METHOD: This study was conducted in Karachi during the time period of January-February 2017. Adult patients previously diagnosed with hypertension visiting tertiary care hospitals were selected for the study...
April 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496253/survey-on-the-use-of-cad-cam-technology-by-uk-and-irish-dental-technicians
#18
E Blackwell, M Nesbit, H Petridis
Statement of the problem Digital workflows (CAD/CAM) have been introduced in dentistry during recent years. No published information exists on dental technicians' use and reporting of this technology.Purpose The aim of this cross sectional survey was to identify the extent digital technology has infiltrated the workplace and to investigate the factors affecting the use of CAD-CAM technology by dental laboratory technicians within Ireland and the UK.Materials and methods A web-based questionnaire was composed (Opinio, Object Planet Inc...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494603/dental-fear-and-caries-in-6-12-year-old-children-in-greece-determination-of-dental-fear-cut-off-points
#19
V Boka, K Arapostathis, V Karagiannis, N Kotsanos, C van Loveren, J Veerkamp
AIM: To present: the normative data on dental fear and caries status; the dental fear cut-off points of young children in the city of Thessaloniki, Greece. METHODS: Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study with two independent study groups. A first representative sample consisted of 1484 children from 15 primary public schools of Thessaloniki. A second sample consisted of 195 randomly selected age-matched children, all patients of the Postgraduate Paediatric Dental Clinic of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490545/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-and-myocardial-scar-burden-in-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Caroline Jane Magri, Tan Xiao Tian, Liberato Camilleri, Robert Xuereb, Joseph Galea, Stephen Fava
INTRODUCTION: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a novel independent marker of cardiovascular disease including heart failure, coronary artery disease and myocardial ischaemia. The aim of the study was to investigate a possible relationship between RDW and myocardial scar burden, as assessed by a MIBI viability scan. A secondary objective was to assess whether there is an association between RDW and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: The study comprised 123 subjects with ischaemic heart disease who underwent a myocardial viability scan between June 2008 and July 2014...
May 10, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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