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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316948/denture-care-practices-and-perceived-denture-status-among-complete-denture-wearers
#1
Krishnam Raju V Kosuru, Ganji Devi, Vikram Grandhi, Kumar K Prasan, Manoj K Yasangi, Mannem Dhanalakshmi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Considerable importance to oral health care was lacking in India, and oral health neglect continues to exist, which is evident in the low utilization rates and poor oral health status. Conventional dentures are the most common alternative in restoration of lost teeth. Without proper denture care practices, there is an increased risk of developing a multitude of problems. The aim of this study is to assess the denture care practices among complete denture wearers in East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316945/a-retrospective-analysis-of-radiographic-jaw-findings-in-young-women-prevalence-and-predictors
#2
Sara M El Khateeb, Osama Abu-Hammad, Hani Fadel, Najla Dar-Odeh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and types of jaw pathologic findings as detected in panoramic radiographs of a sample of young women attending a teaching hospital in Al Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia, and to determine the most important factors that predict the occurrence of jaw pathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The electronic clinical files of a representative sample of female patients who attended the outpatient dental clinics were retrieved...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303821/detection-of-ofloxacin-resistance-by-nitrate-reductase-assay-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-from-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis
#3
Neeta Shrivastava, Reena Set, Sheetal Bankar, Jayanthi Shastri
CONTEXT: Increased use of fluoroquinolones to treat community-acquired infections has led to the decreased susceptibility to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There is a paucity of data on ofloxacin (OFX) resistance detection by nitrate reductase assay (NRA). Hence, the present study was carried out to find the efficacy of NRA for detection of OFX resistance in M. tuberculosis isolated from extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) cases. AIMS: (1) To compare sensitivity, specificity and median time required to obtain results by NRA with economic variant proportion method (PM) for detection of OFX resistance...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303271/a-computational-method-for-analyzing-the-biomechanics-of-heart-murmurs
#4
Chi Zhu, Jung-Hee Seo, Hani Bakhshaee, Rajat Mittal
A computational framework consisting of a one-way coupled hemodynamic-acoustic method and a wave-decomposition based post-processing approach is developed to investigate the biomechanics of arterial bruits. This framework is then applied to studying the effect of the shear wave on the generation and propagation of bruits from a modeled stenosed artery. The blood flow in the artery is solved by an immersed boundary method (IBM) based incompressible flow solver. The sound generation and propagation in the blood volume is modeled by the linearized perturbed compressible equations, while the sound propagation through the surrounding tissue is modeled by the linear elastic wave equation...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300323/acquired-perforating-dermatosis-clinicopathological-study-of-31-cases-emphasizing-pathogenesis-and-treatment
#5
Ana Julia García-Malinis, Elena Del Valle Sánchez, María Pilar Sánchez-Salas, Elena Del Prado, Carmen Coscojuela, Yolanda Gilaberte
BACKGROUND: Acquired perforating dermatosis (APD) is a rare group of skin disorders of unknown aetiology and pathogenesis, and is associated with several systemic diseases. OBJECTIVE: We review the clinicopathological features, associated systemic diseases, and treatment response in a series of APD patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of all patients histologically diagnosed with APD in Hospital San Jorge (Huesca, Spain) between 2002 and 2014...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298752/quality-of-labor-epidural-analgesia-and-maternal-outcome-with-levobupivacaine-and-ropivacaine-a-double-blinded-randomized-trial
#6
T Senthil Kumar, P Rani, V R Hemanth Kumar, Sunita Samal, S Parthasarathy, M Ravishankar
BACKGROUND: Quality of labor analgesia plays a vital role in the maternal outcome. Very few literature are available analyzing the quality of epidural labor analgesia. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 0.1% levobupivacaine and 0.1% ropivacaine with fentanyl as an adjuvant for epidural labor analgesia in terms of onset, duration, quality of analgesia, and degree of motor blockade. METHODOLOGY: Sixty nulliparous parturients, with singleton uncomplicated pregnancy, were recruited by continuous sampling...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293677/the-reliability-and-predictive-validity-of-a-sixth-semester-ospe-in-conservative-dentistry-regarding-performance-on-the-state-examination
#7
Petkov Petko, Katja Knuth-Herzig, Sebastian Hoefer, Sebastian Stehle, Sonja Scherer, Björn Steffen, Stephan Scherzer, Falk Ochsendorf, Holger Horz, Robert Sader, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
Introduction: The aim of this study was to ascertain whether the testing format of an OSPE (Objective Structured Practical Examination) in conservative dentistry (sixth semester) predicts the scores on the practical section of the state examination (11(th) semester) in the same subject. Taking general student profiles into consideration (score on the school-leaving exam [Abitur], score on the preliminary exam in dental medicine [Physikum], length of university study, cohorts, and sex), we also investigated if any correlations or differences exist in regard to the total and partial scores on the OSPE and the corresponding state examination...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293381/thrombocytopenia-in-cirrhosis-impact-of-fibrinogen-on-bleeding-risk
#8
Sonali V Thakrar, Susan V Mallett
AIM: To investigate the relationship between baseline platelet count, clauss fibrinogen, maximum amplitude (MA) on thromboelastography, and blood loss in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our OLT Database (2006-2015) was performed. Baseline haematological indices and intraoperative blood transfusion requirements, as a combination of cell salvage return and estimation of 300 mls/unit of allogenic blood, was noted as a surrogate for intraoperative bleeding...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285166/perception-of-economic-crisis-among-spanish-nursing-students-its-relation-to-burnout-and-engagement
#9
Guadalupe Manzano-García, Pilar Montañés, Jesús L Megías
BACKGROUND: The high levels of indebtedness and deficit of Spain's autonomous communities as a consequence of the national and European economic crisis have caused radical changes in the Spanish National Health Service. At the present time, the economic crisis is seriously affecting nurses in several European countries, and especially in Spain. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse whether nursing students' perceptions of economic crisis influence their levels of burnout and engagement in relation to their studies...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280705/relationship-between-disease-stage-and-renal-function-in-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#10
Yun-Ho Kim, Han-Kyul Park, Na-Rae Choi, Seong-Won Kim, Gyoo-Cheon Kim, Dae-Seok Hwang, Yong-Deok Kim, Sang-Hun Shin, Uk-Kyu Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisphosphonate is the primary cause of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). Bisphosphonates are eliminated from the human body by the kidneys. It is anticipated that bisphosphonate levels in the body will increase if the kidney is in a weak state or if there is systemic disease that affects kidney function. The aim of this study was to analyze the relevance of renal function in the severity of BRONJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three patients diagnosed with BRONJ in Pusan National University Dental Hospital from January 2012 to December 2014 were included in this study...
February 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280654/prevalence-and-perceptions-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses-in-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Farooq A Rathore, Rayan Attique, Yumna Asmaa
INTRODUCTION: Nursing is a professionally demanding job, and nurses are prone to develop musculoskeletal disorders. However, no data is available regarding its prevalence among Pakistani nurses. This study was conducted to document the pattern of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) in Pakistani nurses and their perceptions about contributing factors and management of WRMDs. METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in six hospitals in Lahore and Rawalpindi, which were selected using a convenient sampling technique...
January 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279677/ready-willing-and-able-a-survey-of-clinicians-perceptions-about-domestic-violence-screening-in-a-regional-hospital-emergency-department
#12
Elham Saberi, Nicole Eather, Sharene Pascoe, Mary-Louise McFadzean, Frances Doran, Marie Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence (DV) has significant health impacts for victims and their families. Despite evidence that routine screening increases the identification of DV and opportunities for support; routine screening is uncommon in Australian emergency departments (EDs). This study explored ED clinicians' level of support for DV screening; current screening practices; and perceived barriers and readiness to screen prior to a pilot intervention. METHODS: Census survey of 76 ED clinicians...
March 6, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277534/ibm-s-quantum-cloud-computer-goes-commercial
#13
Davide Castelvecchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270875/prevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-samples-of-gastric-biopsies
#14
Leda Maria Delmondes Freitas Trindade, Lania Barreto de Oliveira Menezes, Adozina Marques de Souza Neta, Paulo Candido Leite Rolemberg, Lais Dantas Souza, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto, Luise Meurer
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection affects about 50% of the world population and its association with environmental factors and host properties is involved in gastric carcinogenesis. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of H. pylori in samples of gastric mucosa biopsies, correlate the presence of the bacteria in the sample with the variables age, sex and origin, to identify the types of lesions found in patients with H. pylori, and to evaluate the association of the lesions with the region of the gastric mucosa...
February 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268940/power-management-design-for-lab-on-chip-biosensors
#15
Xiaojian Yu, Kambiz Moez, I-Chyn Wey, Jie Chen
Over the past decades, we have witnessed the growth demands of portable lab-on-chip biosensors. These lab-on-chip devices are mostly powered by battery, and intelligent power management systems are required to provide supply voltage for different functional units on biosensors (e.g. a microfluidic control system might require higher voltage than the rest working units of biosensors). In this paper, a fully integrated multiple-stage voltage multiplier is proposed to provide high-voltage power needs. The proposed design was implemented with the IBM's 0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268076/predicting-the-effectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-on-urinary-tract-stones-risk-groups-for-accurate-retreatment
#16
M Hevia, Á García, F J Ancizu, I Merino, J M Velis, A Tienza, R Algarra, P Doménech, F Diez-Caballero, D Rosell, J I Pascual, J E Robles
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a non-invasive, safe and effective treatment for urinary tract lithiasis. Its effectiveness varies depending on the location and size of the stones as well as other factors; several sessions are occasionally required. The objective is to attempt to predict its success or failure, when the influential variables are known beforehand. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed 211 patients who had had previous CT scans and were treated with ESWL between 2010 and 2014...
March 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261765/complicated-colorectal-cancer-in-nonagenarian-patients-is-it-better-not-to-perform-anastomosis-in-emergency
#17
Belinda De Simone, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Antonio Tarasconi, Gianluca Baiocchi, Nereo Vettoretto, Peggy Joly, Marianne Ferron, Alessandro Pozzo, Lionel Charre, Salomone Di Saverio, Josephine Andrea Napoli, Ferdinando Agresta, Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is predominantly a disease of elderly people. Cancer in nonagenarian patients presents an ethical dilemma for surgeons and oncologists, and management of this group of patients in emergency for complicated CRC is debated. Presently described is retrospective study reporting experience of 6 departments of emergency surgery with management of nonagenarian patients sent to emergency surgery for CRC complications. METHODS: Data concerning patients aged over 90 years hospitalized from January 2011 to June 2015 in 6 departments of emergency surgery for complicated CRC were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260436/effectiveness-of-sofosbuvir-and-ribavirin-for-eradicating-hepatitis-c-virus-in-renal-transplant-recipients-in-pakistan-where-resources-are-scarce
#18
Farina Muhammad Hanif, S Mudassir Laeeq, Rajesh Kumar Mandhwani, Nasir Hassan Luck, Tahir Aziz, Syed Haider Mehdi
OBJECTIVES: Although direct-acting antiviral agents have revolutionized hepatitis C virus treatment, these novel agents are not widely available in the developing world. Further, no treatment recommendation for renal transplant recipients includes these agents. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of sofosbuvir and ribavirin, the only direct-acting antiviral agents available in Pakistan, in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All renal transplant recipients receiving sofosbuvir and ribavirin from August 2015 to March 2016 were enrolled in the study...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260431/problems-associated-with-access-to-renal-replacement-therapy-experience-of-the-sindh-institute-of-urology-and-transplantation
#19
Farida Mazhar, Naveeda Nizam, Nazia Fatima, Sana Siraj, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of end-stage renal disease is increasing worldwide. It is also one of the main health problems in Pakistan. Currently, hemodialysis represents the main mode of treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease in this country. Despite 24-hour free dialysis at the Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (Karachi, Pakistan), a significant number of patients do not turn up for regular dialysis or miss regular sessions of dialysis. We conducted this study to identify and highlight the factors leading to poor compliance with regular hemodialysis treatment despite free dialysis treatment offered at our center...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258125/a-drosophila-model-of-dominant-inclusion-body-myopathy-3-shows-diminished-myosin-kinetics-that-reduce-muscle-power-and-yield-myofibrillar-defects
#20
Jennifer A Suggs, Girish C Melkani, Bernadette M Glasheen, Mia M Detor, Anju Melkani, Nathan P Marsan, Douglas M Swank, Sanford I Bernstein
Inclusion body myopathy type 3 (IBM-3) patients display congenital joint contractures with early-onset muscle weakness that becomes more severe in adults. The disease arises from an autosomal dominant point mutation causing an E706K substitution in myosin heavy chain type IIa. We previously expressed the corresponding myosin mutation (E701K) in homozygous Drosophila indirect flight muscles and recapitulated the myofibrillar degeneration and inclusion bodies observed in the human disease. We also found that purified E701K myosin has dramatically reduced actin-sliding velocity and ATPase levels...
March 3, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
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