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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790079/impact-of-spirituality-religiousness-on-cyber-bullying-and-victimization-in-university-students-mediating-effect-of-emotional-intelligence
#1
Mohit Yadav, Rohit Yadav
The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between spirituality/religiousness with cyber bullying and victimization amongst Indian University students and whether emotional intelligence mediates the relationship. Data were collected from 490 University students studying in undergraduate and postgraduate courses across India. IBM AMOS was used to find reliability and validity of instruments and PROCESS macro for IBM SPSS by Preacher and Hayes (Behav Res Methods 36(4): 717-731, 2004) was used for conducting mediation analyses...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788829/owner-reported-flea-treatment-measures-and-skin-disease-in-cats
#2
Sophie Tyler, Claire Roberts, Aiden Foster, Natalie Barnard, Jane K Murray
Objectives The aim of this study was to obtain information regarding the use of flea treatments and owner-reported flea infestation and skin disease. Methods Owners of 1150 cats were recruited into a long-term longitudinal study ('Bristol Cats' study) and asked to complete questionnaires at set time points. Questionnaires 1 and 5 were used and included data collection for kittens aged 2-4 months (T1) and at 2.5 years of age (T2). Owners were asked which brand of flea treatment, if any, was used at each time point...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773512/increased-foot-strike-variability-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-with-freezing-of-gait
#3
Jesal Shah, Lakshmi Pillai, David K Williams, Shannon M Doerhoff, Linda Larson-Prior, Edgar Garcia-Rill, Tuhin Virmani
INTRODUCTION: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a debilitating, late motor complication of Parkinson's disease (PD) that occurs in 50-80% of patients. Gait freezing significantly worsens quality of life by decreasing mobility and increasing falls. Studies have shown that patients with episodic freezing episodes also have deficits in continuous gait. We evaluated whether there was an objective gait correlate to the increased stumbling reported by many patients with gait freezing. METHODS: PD subjects and healthy controls (HC) were enrolled after IRB approval...
May 1, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772021/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-based-on-word-list-memory-test-results-and-questionnaire-responses-in-healthy-japanese-individuals-registered-in-an-online-database
#4
Masayo Ogawa, Daichi Sone, Kazushi Maruo, Hiroyuki Shimada, Keisuke Suzuki, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hiroshi Matsuda, Hidehiro Mizusawa
Although the development of effective therapeutic drugs and radical treatment options for dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains urgent, progress in recent clinical trials of AD drugs has been less than adequate. In order to advance the progress of clinical trials, it is necessary to establish more efficient methods of recruitment. In Japan, there are registration systems stratified by mild cognitive impairment and preclinical and clinical stages of early and advanced stage dementia, but there is no registration system for healthy individuals yet...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770264/calcified-triticeous-cartilage-detected-on-digital-panoramic-radiographs-in-a-sample-of-lebanese-population
#5
Georges Aoun, Ibrahim Nasseh
Objective: Triticeous cartilage is a small ovoid structure belonging to the laryngeal skeleton. When calcified, it becomes visible on panoramic radiographs and be mistaken for a carotid artery calcification (CAC) associated with cerebrovascular accidents. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of calcified triticeous cartilage (CTC) detected by means of digital panoramic radiographs in a sample of Lebanese population. Materials and Methods: Digital panoramic radiographs of 500 Lebanese adult patients (281 females and 219 males) with a mean age of 47...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769104/prevalence-of-emergency-contraceptive-pill-use-among-spanish-adolescent-girls-and-their-family-and-psychological-profiles
#6
Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Carmen Moreno, Irene García-Moya, Francisco Rivera
BACKGROUND: Adolescent girls' family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine the prevalence of ECP use among girls who have had sexual intercourse and (2) comparatively analyze their family and psychological profiles according to whether they have used ECPs. METHODS: The sample of 1735 Spanish girls aged 15 to 18 came from a representative sample of the 2014 edition of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
May 16, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769028/-careful-goodbye-at-the-door-is-there-role-for-antimicrobial-stewardship-interventions-for-antimicrobial-therapy-prescribed-on-hospital-discharge
#7
R Chavada, J Davey, L O'Connor, D Tong
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions largely target inpatient antimicrobial prescribing. Literature on appropriateness of antimicrobials prescribed at the interface between hospital and the community is minimal. This study was designed to assess the appropriateness of antimicrobials prescribed on hospital discharge and evaluate the impact of AMS interventions. METHODS: Patients with discharge medications processed by the pharmacy were identified using a computerized pharmacy medication tracker over a four week period...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766941/idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies-in-adults-a-comparative-study-of-bohan-and-peter-and-european-neuromuscular-center-2004-criteria
#8
Sundaram Challa, Saumya Jakati, Megha S Uppin, Meena A Kannan, Rajasekhar Liza, M K Murthy Jagarlapudi
Background: Bohan and Peter criteria are widely used for the diagnosis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). Recently, European Neuromuscular Center (ENMC) formulated criteria to identify subgroups of IIMs. Aim: To compare the two diagnostic criteria in adult IIMs. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective review of case records of histologically confirmed IIMs in adults between January 2014 and May 2015. Both the Bohan and Peter, and ENMC 2004 criteria were applied in the same group of patients to subgroup the IIMs...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764773/cochlear-implant-electrode-array-from-partial-to-full-insertion-in-non-human-primate-model
#9
Raquel Manrique-Huarte, Diego Calavia, Maria Antonia Gallego, Manuel Manrique
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of progressive insertion (two sequential surgeries: partial to full insertion) of an electrode array and to compare functional outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 8 normal-hearing animals (Macaca fascicularis (MF)) were included. A 14 contact electrode array, which is suitably sized for the MF cochlea was partially inserted (PI) in 16 ears. After 3 months of follow-up revision surgery the electrode was advanced to a full insertion (FI) in 8 ears...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761340/reduction-of-direct-health-costs-associated-with-pertussis-vaccination-with-acellular-vaccines-in-children-aged-0-9-years-with-pertussis-in-catalonia-spain
#10
Pedro Plans-Rubió, Encarna Navas, Pere Godoy, Gloria Carmona, Angela Domínguez, Mireia Jané, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro, Pedro Brotons
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess direct health costs in children with pertussis aged 0-9 years who were vaccinated, partially vaccinated, and unvaccinated during childhood, and to assess the association between pertussis costs and pertussis vaccination in Catalonia (Spain) in 2012-2013. METHODS: Direct healthcare costs included pertussis treatment, pertussis detection, and preventive chemotherapy of contacts. Pertussis patients were considered vaccinated when they had received 4-5 doses, and unvaccinated or partially vaccinated when they had received 0-3 doses of vaccine...
May 14, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755495/iron-retention-in-root-hemicelluloses-causes-genotypic-variability-in-the-tolerance-to-iron-deficiency-induced-chlorosis-in-maize
#11
Rongli Shi, Michael Melzer, Shaojian Zheng, Andreas Benke, Benjamin Stich, Nicolaus von Wirén
Antagonistic interactions of phosphorus (P) hamper iron (Fe) acquisition by plants and can cause Fe deficiency-induced chlorosis. To determine the physiological processes underlying adverse Fe-P interactions, the maize lines B73 and Mo17, which differ in chlorosis susceptibility, were grown hydroponically at different Fe:P ratios. In the presence of P, Mo17 became more chlorotic than B73. The higher sensitivity of Mo17 to Fe deficiency was not related to Fe-P interactions in leaves but to lower Fe translocation to shoots, which coincided with a larger pool of Fe being fixed in the root apoplast of P-supplied Mo17 plants...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754758/novel-valosin-containing-protein-mutations-associated-with-multisystem-proteinopathy
#12
Sejad Al-Tahan, Ebaa Al-Obeidi, Hiroshi Yoshioka, Anita Lakatos, Lan Weiss, Marjorie Grafe, Johanna Palmio, Matt Wicklund, Yadollah Harati, Molly Omizo, Bjarne Udd, Virginia Kimonis
Over fifty missense mutations in the gene coding for valosin-containing protein (VCP) are associated with a unique autosomal dominant adult-onset progressive disease associated with combinations of proximo-distal inclusion body myopathy (IBM), Paget's disease of bone (PDB), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We report the clinical, histological, and molecular findings in four new patients/families carrying novel VCP mutations: c.474 G > A (p.M158I); c.478 G > C (p...
April 17, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751278/pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-dialysis-as-an-indicator-of-severe-adverse-maternal-morbidity-at-a-tertiary-center-in-southwest-nigeria
#13
Ibraheem O Awowole, Oluseyi S Omitinde, Fatiu A Arogundade, Sekinah B Bola-Oyebamiji, Olumide A Adeniyi
OBJECTIVE: Despite being a Critical Intervention in the WHO Near-miss concept, the indications and clinical outcomes of patients with Pregnancy-Related Acute Kidney Injury (PRAKI) requiring dialysis at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Nigeria remain unknown. This retrospective review was conducted to facilitate counselling, prognostication and introduction of preventative measures by providing contemporary data on the aetiology and clinical outcomes of women with PRAKI...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747652/perceived-social-support-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-tehranian-adults-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#14
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Mehrdad Karimi, Golnaz Vahedi-Notash, Golshan Amirshekari, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated the positive association between perceived social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in certain groups; however, few studies have assessed this relationship in general population and between genders. This study aimed to investigate associations between socio-demographic factors, perceived social support and HRQoL among an urban Iranian population. METHODS: The study population were 1036 adults who had participated in Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS)...
May 10, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745890/pattern-of-muscle-involvement-in-inclusion-body-myositis-a-sonographic-study
#15
Jemima Albayda, Lisa Christopher-Stine, Clifton O Bingham Iii, Julie J Paik, Eleni Tiniakou, Seth Billings, O Manny Uy, Philippe Burlina
OBJECTIVES: Imaging plays a role in myositis assessment by detecting muscle changes indicative of pathology. This study was conducted to determine the ultrasonographic pattern of muscle involvement in patients with inclusion body myositis (IBM) through an assessment of muscle echointensity. METHODS: Sixty-two individuals were consecutively studied, 18 with IBM, 16 with polymyositis or dermatomyositis and 28 normal controls. Standardised scans were completed bilaterally for the deltoids, biceps, flexor digitorum profundus (FDP), flexor carpi ulnaris, rectus femoris, tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius assessing for muscle echointensity changes...
May 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744256/premenstrual-syndrome-existence-knowledge-and-attitude-among-female-university-students-in-karachi
#16
Aleena Mohib, Amara Zafar, Areeba Najam, Hafsa Tanveer, Rehana Rehman
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the existence, knowledge, and the attitude of female students towards premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in three universities in Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 448 female students participated in the study. The clinical criterion of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) for PMS was used to assess the prevalence of PMS in the participants. The questionnaire was set in four parts, one each to assess the knowledge, the attitude, and practices regarding PMS and one to assess the gap between self-perceived PMS and actual PMS...
March 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743084/assessing-reported-cases-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-causes-and-preventive-strategies-in-european-asylum-reception-facilities
#17
Charlotte Oliveira, Ines Keygnaert, Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins, Sónia Dias
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a widespread public health problem and a violation of human rights rooted in gender and power inequities. Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants living in European asylum reception facilities (EARF) are especially vulnerable to SGBV. To contribute to closing the gap on systematic and accurate evidence on SGBV, we aim to explore reported cases of SGBV, causes and preventable measures described by residents and professionals from EARF...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739852/a-computational-approach-for-predicting-off-target-toxicity-of-antiviral-ribonucleoside-analogues-to-mitochondrial-rna-polymerase
#18
Holly Freedman, Philip Winter, Jack Tuszynski, D Lorne Tyrrell, Michael Houghton
In the development of antiviral drugs that target viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerases, off-target toxicity due to the inhibition of the human mitochondrial RNA polymerase (POLRMT) is a major liability. Therefore, it is essential that all new ribonucleoside analogue drugs be accurately screened for POLRMT inhibition. A computational tool that can accurately predict NTP binding to POLRMT could assist in evaluating any potential toxicity, and in designing possible salvaging strategies. Using the available crystal structure of POLRMT bound to an RNA transcript, here we created a model of POLRMT with an NTP molecule bound in the active site...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737511/seasonal-variations-in-the-availability-of-fodder-resources-and-practices-of-dairy-cattle-feeding-among-the-smallholder-farmers-in-western-usambara-highlands-tanzania
#19
David Maleko, Wai-Tim Ng, George Msalya, Angello Mwilawa, Liliane Pasape, Kelvin Mtei
The aim of this study was to assess the seasonal effects on quantity and quality of fodder resources and associated utilization practices among smallholder dairy farmers in Western Usambara Highlands (WUHs) in Tanzania. The WUHs are among the major milk producing areas under smallholder dairy farming systems (SDFS) in Tanzania. Dry season fodder scarcity is a widespread problem affecting the East African SDFS and has been shown to contribute to over 40% reduction in milk yield. There is limited information with regard to seasonal fodder fluctuation and its effects on productivity of dairy cows in different landscape levels of Tanzania...
May 8, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729160/-dynamics-of-staphylococcus-aureus-antibiotic-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-in-vitro-in-patients-with-overweight
#20
Tetiana V Dukhovich, Ivan V Chopei, Kseniya I Chubirko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:S. aureus is the main pathogen of skin, soft tissue and otorhinolaryngological infections as well as the cause of osteomyelitis, meningitis and endocarditis. In recent years the importance of S. aureus mediated infections has grown not only because of their widespread, but also due to their antibiotic resistance. Recent observations showed that the resistance is developed to each new antibacterial agent after 5 years of its intensive use. Based on the studies conducted in Ukraine, it is known that the resistance of S...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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