Read by QxMD icon Read


Manish Raturi, Shamee Shastry, Mohandoss Murugesan, Poornima B Baliga, Kalyana Chakravarthy
BACKGROUND: Conventional coagulation screening tests such as Prothrombin time, International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time are often used to predict bleeding in various clinical situations. We aimed to observe the effect of Fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) on these parameters. Methods: Patients' demographics, pre- and post-transfusion coagulation parameters were noted to assess the level of correction. The magnitude of improvement in INR was determined using the formula given by Holland and Brooks...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Batool Tirgari, Leili Mirshekari, Mansooreh Azzizadeh Forouzi
BACKGROUND: Pressure injuries are the third most expensive condition after cancer and cardiovascular disease. Nurses are responsible for the direct and continuous care, treatment, and prevention of pressure injuries. To achieve optimal quality care, nursing knowledge and attitudes must be based on the best scientific evidence. This study aimed to examine the knowledge and attitudes of nurses working in intensive care units of hospitals affiliated with Zahedan Medical Sciences University regarding the prevention of pressure injuries...
April 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
D O Vagner, K M Krylov, V G Verbitsky, I V Shlyk
AIM: To reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with advanced burns by developing a prophylactic algorithm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study consisted of retrospective group of 488 patients with thermal burns grade II-III over 20% of body surface area and prospective group of 135 patients with a similar thermal trauma. Standard clinical and laboratory examination was applied. Instrumental survey included fibrogastroduodenoscopy, endoscopic pH-metry and invasive volumetric monitoring (PICCO plus)...
2018: Khirurgiia
Samar Zaki, Asma Usman, Swaleha Tariq, Sameena Shah, Iqbal Azam, Waris Qidwai, Kashmira Nanji
Objective The goal of this study was to determine the frequency and factors associated with adult immunization in patients visiting family medicine clinics at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2014 to March 2015 in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. Participants more than 18 years were invited to participate in the study. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect information. Data were entered and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, version 19...
January 17, 2018: Curēus
Hung-Chi Lue, Mei-Hwan Wu, Jou-Kou Wang, Min-Tai Lin, Chun-Wei Lu, Shuenn-Nan Chiu, Chun-An Chen, En-Ting Wu, Ching-Chia Wang, Chun-Min Fu, Wei-Chien Tseng, Wei-Hsuan Chang, Meng-Chang Lee
Normal ECG values in newborns, infants, and children have been collected and published. ECG in the adolescent, however, remains, to be collected and studied. The present study was designed and carried out to establish the normal ECG standards in male and female adolescents. A total of 898 school children and adolescents screened and examined as healthy were divided by age and sex into 6-9, 9-13, and 13-18 years age-groups. A 12 lead conventional ECG was recorded in 10 mm/mV and 25 mm/s, utilizing an automated Fukuda Denshi FCP-4301, MS-DOS/IBM-AT ECG machine...
March 19, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Vandana Padala, Arindam Basu, Garrick Orchard
Asynchronous event-based sensors, or "silicon retinae," are a new class of vision sensors inspired by biological vision systems. The output of these sensors often contains a significant number of noise events along with the signal. Filtering these noise events is a common preprocessing step before using the data for tasks such as tracking and classification. This paper presents a novel spiking neural network-based approach to filtering noise events from data captured by an Asynchronous Time-based Image Sensor on a neuromorphic processor, the IBM TrueNorth Neurosynaptic System...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Antonia Rizzuto, Massimiliano Fabozzi, Anna Settembre, Stefano Reggio, Ernesto Tartaglia, Salomone Di Saverio, Piero Angelini, Vania Silvestri, Chiara Mignogna, Raffaele Serra, Stefano De Franciscis, Leonardo De Luca, Diego Cuccurullo, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis occurs in 10-15% of patients with cholecystolithiasis. Despite the existence of many therapeutic options for the treatment of cholecystocholedocholithiasis, a sequential treatment in which pre-operative ERCP is combined with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is the most commonly accepted strategy. However, use of IOC in the "splitting treatment" of cholecystocholedocholithiasis is controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing LC in the sequential treatment of common biliary duct or gallbladder stones...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Elavenil Panneerselvam, Sasikala Balasubramaniam, Aditi Rajendra Sharma, Pathumai Murugadoss, Saravanan Chellappazham, V B Krishnakumar Raja
PURPOSE: Mandibular trauma can result in stylomandibular complex (SMC) fractures with clinical symptoms including glossopharyngeal neuralgia, globus pharyngeus, otalgia, and dysphonia. Fracture of the styloid process is noteworthy because of its proximity to numerous vital structures. The study objectives were 1) to determine the incidence of SMC fractures and develop a clinical grading system and 2) to institute and assess a treatment protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial involved 206 patients with mandibular trauma based on a set of inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Tiago Gai Aita, Cecília Luiz Pereira Stabile, Cássia Cilene Dezan Garbelini, Glaykon Alex Vitti Stabile
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate whether the Facial Injury Severity Scale (FISS), proposed by Bagheri et al in 2006, can predict intervention needs in the operating room (OR), length of hospital stay, and need for support by other specialties. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of trauma patients from a public tertiary hospital between January 2009 and December 2015, related to age, gender, comorbidities, habits, history of maxillofacial trauma, etiology, and presence and location of fractures and lacerations, in addition to type of treatment performed and period of hospitalization...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ilhem Bouderbala, Nadjia El Saadi, Alassane Bah, Pierre Auger
In this paper, we develop a 3D-individual-based model (IBM) to understand effect of various small-scale mechanisms in phytoplankton cells, on the cellular aggregation process. These mechanisms are: spatial interactions between cells due to their chemosensory abilities (chemotaxis), a molecular diffusion and a demographical process. The latter is considered as a branching process with a density-dependent death rate to take into account the local competition on resources. We implement the IBM and simulate various scenarios under real parameter values for phytoplankton cells...
March 15, 2018: Acta Biotheoretica
Rashed Al Amer, Khalid Al Khalifa, Safeyah Ali Alajlan, Ahmed Al Ansari
PURPOSE: The Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire is a valuable and easy-to-use tool for the measurement of quality of life in patients with obesity. To become a widely used tool, the questionnaire must be validated in many different contexts. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the construct validity and reliability of the SF-36 questionnaire among patients with obesity in Bahrain. METHODOLOGY: The 36-item questionnaire was administered to a study cohort scheduled to undergo bariatric surgery at the Bahrain Defence Force Hospital in Bahrain...
March 14, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Fariha Hasan, Mohammad O Khan, Mukarram Ali
Introduction Pakistan is extremely susceptible to an influenza outbreak, as it shares borders with the most affected countries, namely China and India. The medical and dental students come into direct contact with the affected population and should be aware of the risk factors and signs and symptoms pertaining to swine influenza virus (SIV). Hence, this survey was conducted to assess the knowledge, perceptions and self-care practices of the medical and dental students with regards to this pandemic. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the swine flu-related knowledge, attitudes and practices of the medical and dental students at various institutions in Karachi, Pakistan...
January 9, 2018: Curēus
T S Ravikumar, R Kanagarethinam, Divya Nair, Sitanshu S Kar
Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases are reported to be high in police force, which constitute a special occupational group. "Partners in Prevention" was a special surveillance activity carried out among the personnel of the Department of Police, Government of Puducherry by JIPMER, Puducherry. The present study reports the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors in this group. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional analytical study covering 1618 policemen during 2013-15...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
So Myeong Kim, So Hi Kown
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate variables and construct paths that affect complicated grief. METHODS: Participants in this cross-sectional, descriptive study were 164 bereaved spouses of cancer patients at least 12 months before the death. Data were collected from October 2016 to February 2017 using self-report structured questionnaires and were analyzed using IBM SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 20.0. RESULTS: The variables affecting complicated grief of bereaved spouses of cancer patients were the quality of end-of-life care (γ=...
February 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Hillary L Smith, Kirsten H Dillon, Jesse R Cougle
Interpretation Bias Modification (IBM) is gaining attention in the literature as an intervention that alters cognitive biases and reduces associated symptoms. Forty, primarily college-aged, non-treatment-seeking adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) were randomly assigned to receive either IBM targeting hostile interpretation bias (IBM-H) or a healthy video control (HVC) condition. Compared to those in HVC, participants in IBM-H reported more benign interpretations and fewer hostile interpretations at posttreatment...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
Berta J Summers, Jesse R Cougle
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that computerized interpretation bias modification (IBM) techniques may be useful for modifying thoughts and behaviours relevant to eating pathology; however, little is known about the utility of IBM for decreasing specific eating disorder (ED) symptoms (e.g. bulimia, drive for thinness). AIMS: The current study sought to further examine the utility of IBM for ED symptoms via secondary analyses of an examination of IBM for individuals with elevated body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms (see Summers and Cougle, 2016), as these disorders are both characterized by threat interpretation biases of ambiguous appearance-related information...
March 13, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Alison M Bauer, David N Hackney, Sherif El-Nashar, David Sheyn
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of morbidly adherent placenta in pregnancies after endometrial ablation. STUDY DESIGN:  We performed a retrospective cohort analysis using a large, multiinstitutional deidentified clinical database, IBM EPM: Explore (IBM Corporation, Somers, NY). We identified women who underwent endometrial ablation and had a subsequent delivery between 1999 and 2016. Patients with a delivery and no prior ablation were used as controls...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Benjamin Gottschalk, Christinae Klec, Markus Waldeck-Weiermair, Roland Malli, Wolfgang F Graier
Mitochondria are multifunctional organelles that essentially contribute to cell signaling by sophisticated mechanisms of communications. Live cell imaging studies showed that mitochondria are dynamic and complex structures that form ramified networks by directed movements, fission, and fusion events. There is emerging evidence that the morphology of mitochondria determines cellular functions and vice versa. Several intracellular signaling pathways and messengers including Ca2+ dynamically influence the architecture of mitochondria...
March 12, 2018: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Ján Fedačko, Daniel Pella, Beáta Gavurová, Samuel Koróny
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to evaluate the influence of available demographic determinants on the number of deaths caused by circulatory system diseases as compared to deaths caused by neoplasms in Slovakia in 1996-2014. METHODS: Mortality data were kindly provided by the National Health Information Centre in Slovakia. The first method was trend curve fitting of death ratios caused by circulatory system diseases (Chapter IX) and of deaths caused by neoplasms (Chapter II) as a function of age for both sexes...
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Raphael Koning, Ian C Bruce, Sam Denys, Jan Wouters
State-of-the-art hearing aids (HAs) try to overcome the deficit of poor speech intelligibility (SI) in noisy listening environments using digital noise reduction (NR) techniques. The application of time-frequency masks to the noisy sound input is a common NR technique to increase SI. The binary mask with its binary weights and the Wiener filter with continuous weights are representatives of a hard- and a soft-decision approach for time-frequency masking. In normal-hearing listeners, the ideal Wiener filter (IWF) outperforms the ideal binary mask (IBM) in terms of SI and speech quality with perfect SI even at very low signal-to-noise ratios...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"