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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332114/dental-arch-dimensions-form-and-tooth-size-ratio-among-a-saudi-sample
#1
Haidi Omar, Manar Alhajrasi, Nayef Felemban, Ali Hassan
To determine the dental arch dimensions and arch forms in a sample of Saudi orthodontic patients, to investigate the prevalence of Bolton anterior and overall tooth size discrepancies, and to compare the effect of gender on the measured parameters. Methods: This study is a biometric analysis of dental casts of 149 young adults recruited from different orthodontic centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dental arch dimensions were measured. The measured parameters were arch length, arch width, Bolton's ratio, and arch form...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326857/role-of-color-doppler-flowmetry-in-prediction-of-intrauterine-growth-retardation-in-high-risk-pregnancy
#2
Sachin Khanduri, Saakshi Chhabra, Santosh Yadav, Tushar Sabharwal, Mriganki Chaudhary, Tarim Usmani, Aakshit Goyal, Hritik Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of Color Doppler flowmetry in the prediction of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in high-risk pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 62 high-risk pregnant women underwent Color Doppler flowmetric umbilical artery pulsatility index (PI), resistive index (RI) and systolic/diastolic (S/D) ratio, middle cerebral artery PI, RI and S/D ratio, Ductus venosus S-wave/isovolumetric A-wave index (SIA) and vertebral artery RI at 23-27 weeks, 28-32 weeks and 32-36 weeks of their pregnancy...
November 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324758/settlement-and-post-settlement-survival-rates-of-the-white-seabream-diplodus-sargus-in-the-western-mediterranean-sea
#3
Amalia Cuadros, Gotzon Basterretxea, Luis Cardona, Adrien Cheminée, Manuel Hidalgo, Joan Moranta
Survival during the settlement window is a limiting variable for recruitment. The survival is believed to be strongly determined by biological interactions and sea conditions, however it has been poorly investigated. We examined the settlement patterns related to relevant biotic and abiotic factors (i.e. Density-dependence, wind stress, wave height and coastal current velocity) potentially determining post-settler survival rates of a coastal necto-benthic fish of wide distribution in the Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic, the white seabream (Diplodus sargus)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319133/the-assessment-of-testosterone-and-radioisotopic-index-of-bone-metabolism-and-bone-mineral-density-in-men-with-testosterone-deficiency-after-one-year-of-testosterone-therapy
#4
Wieslaw Tryniszewski, Grzegorz Kamiński, Zbigniew Maziarz, Michal Nowak, Mariusz Gadzicki, Maciej Radek
BACKGROUND: Testosterone deficiency in men is characterized by typical symptoms of hypogonadism and negative influence on the preservation of bone mass. In this study, we analysed the relationship between testosterone concentration and bone metabolism. Moreover, we assessed the impact of one-year compensation of testosterone deficiency in elderly men on bone metabolism and bone mineral density. Radioisotopic methods of bone metabolism assessment provide new research opportunities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with total testosterone concentration (TT) ≤ 3 ng/ml were included into this study...
January 10, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318698/nighttime-care-routine-interaction-and-sleep-disruption-in-adult-cardiac-surgery
#5
Jesus M Casida, Jean E Davis, Aaron Zalewski, James J Yang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the context and the influence of nighttime care routine interactions (NCRIs) on nighttime sleep effectiveness (NSE) and daytime sleepiness (DSS) of patients in the cardiac surgery critical-and progressive-care units of a hospital. BACKGROUND: There exists a paucity of empirical data regarding the influence of NCRIs on sleep and associated outcomes in hospitalized adult cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: An exploratory repeated measures research design was employed on the data provided by 38 elective cardiac surgery patients (mean age 60...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315205/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-job-performance-scale-instrument
#6
Arzu Kader Harmanci Seren, Rujnan Tuna, Feride Eskin Bacaksiz
BACKGROUND: Objective measurement of the job performance of nursing staff using valid and reliable instruments is important in the evaluation of healthcare quality. A current, valid, and reliable instrument that specifically measures the performance of nurses is required for this purpose. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Job Performance Instrument. METHODS: This study used a methodological design and a sample of 240 nurses working at different units in four hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312837/recreational-marijuana-use-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-nationwide-inpatient-sample-in-the-united-states
#7
Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Parth Amin, Rushikkumar Bhuva, Malav S Patel, Nitin Sharma, Manan Shah, Smit Patel, Sejal Savani, Neha Batra, Gautam Kumar
Background Marijuana is a widely used recreational substance. Few cases have been reported of acute myocardial infarction following marijuana use. To our knowledge, this is the first ever study analyzing the lifetime odds of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with marijuana use and the outcomes in AMI patients with versus without marijuana use. Methods We queried the 2010-2014 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for 11-70-year-old AMI patients. Pearson Chi-square test for categorical variables and Student T-test for continuous variables were used to compare the baseline demographic and hospital characteristics between two groups (without vs...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310844/modification-of-the-measurement-of-the-major-variables-in-mandibular-condylar-fractures-angulation-of-sidewards-displacement-and-shortening-of-the-height-of-the-ramus
#8
S P Chang, Y Yang, L Q Shi, Y W Liu, Y Liu, Q Ma
Our aim was to improve the accuracy of measurement of the angulation and the shortening of the height of the ramus in fractures of the mandibular condyle using modified methods. We analysed spiral computed tomography (CT) of 67 unilateral fractures with the OsiriX v 5.0 (©Pixmeo Sarl) and Mimics 19.0 (©2016 Materialise NV, Belgium) and analysed them with SPSS (version 24.0, IBM® SPSS®). Angulation was measured using both the traditional method and our modified method. The results showed significant difference (p = 0...
January 5, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306672/the-bronchiectasis-severity-index-and-faced-score-for-assessment-of-the-severity-of-bronchiectasis
#9
J C Costa, J N Machado, C Ferreira, J Gama, C Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Bronchiectasis (BC) is a multidimensional and etiologically diverse disease and, therefore, no single parameter can be used to determine its overall severity and prognosis. In this regard, two different validated scores are currently used to assess the severity of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB): the FACED score and the Bronchiectasis Severity Index (BSI). OBJECTIVE: To describe the etiology of NCFB and compare the results of the assessment of NCFB severity obtained via FACED and BSI scores...
January 3, 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302546/a-study-on-the-prevalence-of-depression-and-its-risk-factors-among-adult-population-of-siliguri-subdivision-of-darjeeling-district-west-bengal
#10
Sudip Banik Chaudhuri, Pankaj Kumar Mandal, Manasi Chakrabarty, Gautam Bandyopadhyay, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee
Introduction: Considering morbidity and mortality, depression is a burning issue in the modern civilization. Early diagnosis and treatment significantly reduces the incidence of morbidity and mortality. In this context, the present study was conducted to find the prevalence and associated factors of depression among adult population of Siliguri subdivision, Darjeeling district, West Bengal. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among adult population (≥18 years) of Siliguri subdivision of Darjeeling district, West Bengal...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301559/hospital-pharmacy-workforce-in-brazil
#11
Thiago R Santos, Jonathan Penm, André O Baldoni, Lorena Rocha Ayres, Rebekah Moles, Cristina Sanches
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the distribution of the hospital pharmacy workforce in Brazil. METHODS: Data were acquired, during 2016, through the Brazilian National Database of Healthcare Facilities (CNES). The following variables were extracted: hospital name, registry number, telephone, e-mail, state, type of institution, subtype, management nature, ownership, presence of research/teaching activities, complexity level, number of hospital beds, presence of pharmacists, number of pharmacists, pharmacist specialization...
January 4, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300872/a-generic-individual-based-model-to-simulate-morphogenesis-c-n-acquisition-and-population-dynamics-in-contrasting-forage-legumes
#12
Gaëtan Louarn, Lucas Faverjon
Background and Aims: Individual-based models (IBMs) are promising tools to disentangle plant interactions in multi-species grasslands and foster innovative species mixtures. This study describes an IBM dealing with the morphogenesis, growth and C-N acquisition of forage legumes that integrates plastic responses from functional-structural plant models. Methods: A generic model was developed to account for herbaceous legume species with contrasting above- and below-ground morphogenetic syndromes and to integrate the responses of plants to light, water and N...
December 29, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298681/availability-of-anticancer-medicines-in-public-and-private-sectors-and-their-affordability-by-low-middle-and-high-income-class-patients-in-pakistan
#13
Muhammad Rehan Sarwar, Sadia Iftikhar, Anum Saqib
BACKGROUND: Availability and affordability of anticancer medicines is a matter of great concern especially for low and middle income countries e.g., Pakistan. Prime focus of this study was to evaluate the availability of anticancer medicines in public and private sectors, and their affordability among patients with different income levels. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted in 22 cancer care hospitals (18 public hospitals and 04 private hospitals) and 44 private pharmacies in Punjab, Pakistan...
January 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288960/coping-with-stressful-events-a-pre-post-test-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-for-undergraduate-nursing-and-midwifery-students
#14
Bridie McCarthy, Anna Trace, Moira O'Donovan, Patricia O'Regan, Caroline Brady-Nevin, Maria O'Shea, Ann-Marie Martin, Margaret Murphy
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of coping mechanisms is important for nursing and midwifery students to cope with stressful events during undergraduate education. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a psycho-educational intervention "Coping with Stressful Events" with first year undergraduate nursing and midwifery students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental, one-group pre-post-test. SETTINGS: One school of nursing/midwifery in one university in Ireland...
December 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277095/management-and-educational-status-of-adult-anaphylaxis-patients-at-emergency-department
#15
Mi-Yeong Kim, Chan Sun Park, Jae-Won Jeong
Background/Aims: We evaluated the management and educational status of adult anaphylaxis patients at emergency departments (EDs). Methods: Anaphylaxis patients who visited ED from 2011 to 2013 were enrolled from three hospitals. We analyzed clinical features, prior history of anaphylaxis, management and provided education for etiology and/or prevention. For analyzing associated factors with epinephrine injection, Pearson chi-square test was used by SPSS version 21 (IBM Co...
December 28, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276901/-prognostic-role-of-body-composition-in-patients-with-pneumonia-associated-with-decompensated-chf
#16
N A Bylova, G P Arutyunov, A K Rylova, A S Simbirtseva, A G Arutyunov
AIM: To evaluate the effect of body composition on prediction of community-acquired pneumonia caused by Str. pneumoniae in patients with decompensated CHF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 216 patients. The pneumonia agent was identified by sputum culture. Body composition with determining lean body mass and fat mass was evaluated using a bio-impedance analysis; body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Patients with BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 were included into the study...
2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273427/patients-lacking-glycemic-control-place-more-burdens-on-health-services-with-the-use-of-medications
#17
Ana Márcia Tomé Camargos, Ana Carolina Oliveira Gonçalves, Maurílio Sousa Cazarin, Cristina Sanches, Leonardo Régis Leira Pereira, André Oliveira Baldoni
INTRODUCTION: DM spending in the world is high, and Brazilian studies of public spending caused by DM are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the annual direct cost for the municipal health sphere, related to DM2 treatment, in patients with and without glycemic control. METHOD: A cross-sectional study carried out in a city in the interior of Minas Gerais state, with patients with DM2, being municipal PHS users. Data were collected from the computerized system of the municipality and patient records, and analyzed using the IBM SPSS v...
December 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258537/gender-differences-and-typical-nutrition-concerns-of-the-diets-of-preschool-children-the-results-of-the-first-stage-of-an-intervention-study
#18
Sylwia Merkiel-Pawłowska, Wojciech Chalcarz
BACKGROUND: Nutrition in children has an important influence on health both in childhood and adulthood. Actions aimed at improving children's nutrition are essential, not only to the children and their families, but also to the whole society. The aim of the study was to present the results of nutrient intake before starting a nutrition and physical activity intervention programme, to investigate gender differences in nutrient intake and to discuss whether the preschoolers' nutrient intake is similar to the intake of their peers from other countries...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250965/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-residents-of-wayu-town-western-ethiopia
#19
Negash Belachew, Tarekegne Tadesse, Addisu Alemayehu Gube
Complementary and alternative medicine covers a wide variety of therapies and practices, which vary from country to country and region to region. The study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of complementary and alternative medicine among the residents of Wayu town, Western Ethiopia. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 302 residents. A systematic sampling was used to select households. Data were entered in SPSS (version 20; IBM Corp) and descriptive statistics was carried out...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250099/dissection-of-recombination-attributes-for-multiple-maize-populations-using-a-common-snp-assay
#20
Haiying Guan, Farhan Ali, Qingchun Pan
Recombination is a vital characteristic for quantitative trait loci mapping and breeding to enhance the yield potential of maize. However, recombination characteristics in globally used segregating populations have never been evaluated at similar genetic marker densities. This study aimed to divulge the characteristics of recombination events, recombinant chromosomal segments, and recombination frequency for four dissimilar populations. These populations were doubled haploid (DH), recombination inbred line (RIL), intermated B73xMo17 (IBM), and multi-parent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC), using the Illumina MaizeSNP50 BeadChip to provide markers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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