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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936293/does-the-postoperative-administration-of-antibiotics-reduce-the-symptoms-of-lower-third-molar-removal-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study
#1
María Martín-Ares, Cristina Barona-Dorado, Natalia Martínez-Rodríguez, Jorge Cortés-Bretón-Brinkmann, Javier Sanz-Alonso, José-María Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: To date there is little scientific evidence that clarifies the therapeutic effect of antibiotics for managing the postoperative symptoms of impacted third molar surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic treatment for reducing non-infectious clinical symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient data was collected from the patients´ medical records and the results were statistically evaluated with SPSS versión 21.0; SPSS, IBM; Chicago, IL, USA)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936038/effect-of-head-posture-on-tooth-contacts-in-dentate-and-complete-denture-wearers-using-computerized-occlusal-analysis-system
#2
Swati Gupta, Fauzia Tarannum, N K Gupta, Manoj Upadhyay, Ahsan Abdullah
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess and compare the occlusal contacts in dentate and edentulous patients wearing complete denture with varying head posture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ad hoc sampling of 30 subjects (15 dentate and 15 edentulous) based on inclusion and exclusion criteria was done. Subjects were divided into two groups: dentate and edentulous. Each group was further divided into two subgroups based on two head postures-upright 90° and ventroflexed 30°...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931262/assessment-of-the-interrater-reliability-of-the-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-microanastomosis-assessment-scale
#3
Andrew R Pines, Mohammed S Alghoul, Youssef J Hamade, Mithun G Sattur, Rami James N Aoun, Tariq K Halasa, Chandan Krishna, Samer G Zammar, Najib E El Tecle, Tarek Y El Ahmadieh, Salah G Aoun, Richard W Byrne, James S Harrop, Brian T Ragel, Daniel K Resnick, Russell R Lonser, Nathan R Selden, Bernard R Bendok
BACKGROUND: The potential for simulation-based learning in neurosurgical training has led the Congress of Neurosurgical Surgeons to develop a series of simulation modules. The Northwestern Objective Microanastomosis Assessment Tool (NOMAT) was created as the corresponding assessment tool for the Congress of Neurosurgical Surgeons Microanastomosis Module. The face and construct validity of the NOMAT have been previously established. OBJECTIVE: To further validate the NOMAT by determining its interrater reliability (IRR) between raters of varying levels of microsurgical expertise...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930927/oral-behaviors-and-parafunctions-comparison-of-temporomandibular-dysfunction-patients-and-controls
#4
Marijus Leketas, Viktoras Šaferis, Ričardas Kubilius, Gabriele Cervino, Ennio Bramanti, Marco Cicciù
The aim of this study is to evaluate the frequency of oral behaviors in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and a control group without TMD.In this baseline case-control study, 260 controls and 260 subjects with TMD completed the oral behaviors checklist defined as a "self-report scale for identifying and quantifying the frequency of jaw overuse behavior" and underwent clinical examinations using the DC/TMJ international examination form (version May 12, 2013). Relationships of oral parafunctions' frequencies between groups were examined...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929839/capturing-ecology-in-modeling-approaches-applied-to-environmental-risk-assessment-of-endocrine-active-chemicals-in-fish
#5
Kate S Mintram, A Ross Brown, Samuel K Maynard, Pernille Thorbek, Charles R Tyler
Endocrine active chemicals (EACs) are widespread in freshwater environments and both laboratory and field based studies have shown reproductive effects in fish at environmentally relevant exposures. Environmental risk assessment (ERA) seeks to protect wildlife populations and prospective assessments rely on extrapolation from individual-level effects established for laboratory fish species to populations of wild fish using arbitrary safety factors. Population susceptibility to chemical effects, however, depends on exposure risk, physiological susceptibility, and population resilience, each of which can differ widely between fish species...
September 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929036/factors-affecting-length-of-stay-following-elective-anterior-and-posterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#6
Frank J Yuk, Akbar Y Maniya, Jonathan J Rasouli, Alexa M Dessy, Patrick J McCormick, Tanvir F Choudhri
Background Disease of the cervical spine is widely prevalent, most commonly secondary to degenerative disc changes and spondylosis. Objective The goal of the paper was to identify a possible discrepancy regarding the length of stay (LOS) between the anterior and posterior approaches to elective cervical spine surgery and identify contributing factors. Methods A retrospective study was performed on 587 patients (341 anterior, 246 posterior) that underwent elective cervical spinal surgery between October 2001 and March 2014...
July 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928180/a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-china-noise-or-silence-in-the-operating-room
#7
Xiaoxiao Wang, Lin Zeng, Gang Li, Mao Xu, Bin Wei, Yan Li, Nan Li, Liyuan Tao, Hua Zhang, Xiangyang Guo, Yiming Zhao
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to provide a comprehensive description of noise levels in operating rooms (ORs) in a tertiary care hospital in China. Additionally, the study aims to examine the deviation in noise levels from international and internal standards as well as the differences in noise levels by category of surgery and day of the week. METHODS: We monitored noise levels in 23 ORs in a tertiary care hospital in China between August 2015 and March 2016. Dosimeters were used to determine noise levels...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924815/automatic-determination-of-the-need-for-intravenous-contrast-in-musculoskeletal-mri-examinations-using-ibm-watson-s-natural-language-processing-algorithm
#8
Hari Trivedi, Joseph Mesterhazy, Benjamin Laguna, Thienkhai Vu, Jae Ho Sohn
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocoling can be time- and resource-intensive, and protocols can often be suboptimal dependent upon the expertise or preferences of the protocoling radiologist. Providing a best-practice recommendation for an MRI protocol has the potential to improve efficiency and decrease the likelihood of a suboptimal or erroneous study. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a machine learning-based natural language classifier that can automatically assign the use of intravenous contrast for musculoskeletal MRI protocols based upon the free-text clinical indication of the study, thereby improving efficiency of the protocoling radiologist and potentially decreasing errors...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919562/operative-management-of-distal-anterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-through-a-mini-anterior-interhemispheric-approach
#9
Alejandro Monroy, Edgar Nathal, Albert L Rhoton
BACKGROUND: Distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA) aneurysms, also referred to as pericallosal artery aneurysms, are present in 1.5 to 9% of all intracranial aneurysms. This study aims to describe the importance of the microsurgical anatomy of the DACA and demonstrate the surgical nuances for handling DACA aneurysms, with a minimally invasive surgical technique METHODS: We retrospectively and descriptively analyzed a series of aneurysm cases performed at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery-Mexico City...
September 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918629/dosimetric-quantification-of-coating-related-uptake-of-silver-nanoparticles
#10
Dajana Lichtenstein, Thomas Meyer, Linda Böhmert, Sabine Juling, Christoph Fahrenson, Soeren Selve, Andreas F Thünemann, Jan Meijer, Irina Estrela-Lopis, Albert Braeuning, Alfonso Lampen
The elucidation of mechanisms underlying cellular uptake of nanoparticles is an important topic in nanotoxicological research. Most studies dealing with silver nanoparticle uptake provide only qualitative data about internalization efficiency and do not consider nanoparticle-specific dosimetry. Therefore, we performed a comprehensive comparison of the cellular uptake of differently coated silver nanoparticles of comparable size in different human intestinal Caco-2 cell-derived models to cover also the influence of the intestinal mucus barrier and uptake-specialized M-cells...
September 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918183/survival-after-surgery-for-oral-cancer-a-30-year-experience
#11
T K Ong, C Murphy, A B Smith, A N Kanatas, D A Mitchell
Oral squamous cell carcinoma is the most common intraoral malignancy, for which we advocate radical primary resection with adjuvant treatment where indicated. The main aims of this paper are to identify the overall survival of a consecutive series of patients and to relate survival to clinical and pathological factors. Kaplan-Meier curves were produced for site, sex, TNM status, and use of postoperative radiotherapy. The data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows and probabilities of less than 0...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917500/economic-evaluation-of-childhood-epilepsy-in-a-resource-challenged-setting-a-preliminary-survey
#12
Aliyu Ibrahim, Umar Isa Umar, Umar Musa Usman, Lukman Femi Owolabi
BACKGROUND: Considerable disease variability exists between patients with epilepsy, and the societal costs for epilepsy care are overall high, because of high frequency in the general population especially in children from developing countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study where children with established diagnosis of epilepsy were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Prevalence-based costs were stratified by patients' sociodemographic characteristics and socioeconomic scores (SES)...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906569/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-predictors-of-food-insecurity-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#13
Stephanie Godrich, Johnny Lo, Christina Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: Inequities can negatively impact the health outcomes of children. The aims of this study were to: i) ascertain the prevalence of food insecurity (FI) among regional and remote Western Australian (WA) children; and ii) determine which socio-demographic factors predicted child FI. METHODS: Caregiver-child dyads (n=219) completed cross-sectional surveys. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS version 23. RESULTS: Overall, 20...
September 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906439/psdaap-provably-secure-data-authenticated-aggregation-protocols-using-identity-based-multi-signature-in-marine-wsns
#14
Lifei Wei, Lei Zhang, Dongmei Huang, Kai Zhang, Liang Dai, Guojian Wu
Data authenticated aggregation is always a significant issue for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The marine sensors are deployed far away from the security monitoring. Secure data aggregation for marine WSNs has emerged and attracted the interest of researchers and engineers. A multi-signature enables the data aggregation through one signature to authenticate various signers on the acknowledgement of a message, which is quite fit for data authenticated aggregation marine WSNs. However, most of the previous multi-signature schemes rely on the technique of bilinear pairing involving heavy computational overhead or the management of certificates, which cannot be afforded by the marine wireless sensors...
September 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903743/a-socio-ecological-analysis-of-barriers-to-the-adoption-sustainablity-and-consistent-use-of-sanitation-facilities-in-rural-ethiopia
#15
Fikralem Alemu, Abera Kumie, Girmay Medhin, Teshome Gebre, Phoebe Godfrey
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence showing that access to and use of improved sanitation is associated with healthier households and communities, barriers influencing the adoption and sustainablity of sanitation facilities remain unclear. We conducted a qualitative case study to explore barriers influencing the adoption, sustainablity and consistent use of sanitation facilities in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in the rural district of Becho, in central Ethiopia, from June to August 2016...
September 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903564/impact-of-an-artificial-digestion-procedure-on-aluminum-containing-nanomaterials
#16
Holger Sieg, Claudia Kästner, Benjamin Christoph Krause, Thomas Meyer, Agnes Burel, Linda Böhmert, Dajana Lichtenstein, Harald Jungnickel, Jutta Tentschert, Peter Laux, Albert Braeuning, Irina Estrela-Lopis, Fabienne Gauffre, Valerie Fessard, Jan Meijer, Andreas Luch, Andreas F Thünemann, Alfonso Lampen
Aluminum has gathered toxicological attention based on relevant human exposure and its suspected hazardous potential. Nanoparticles from food supplements or food contact materials may reach the human gastrointestinal tract. Here, we monitored the physico-chemical fate of aluminum-containing nanoparticles and aluminum ions when passaging an in vitro model of the human gastrointestinal tract. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ion beam microscopy (IBM), secondary ion beam mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in the single-particle mode were employed to characterize two aluminum-containing nanomaterials with different particle core materials (Al0, γAl2O3) and soluble AlCl3...
September 13, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900587/prevalence-and-predictors-of-depression-amongst-hypertensive-individuals-in-karachi-pakistan
#17
Samar Mahmood, Syeda Z Hassan, Muqadus Tabraze, Mohammad O Khan, Iqra Javed, Ameer Ahmed, Omer M Siddiqui, Mehek Narmeen, Maham J Ahmed, Afreen Tariq, Mustafa S Patel, Kaneez Fatima
OBJECTIVE: While studies evaluating the prevalence of depression and hypertension have been extensively carried out in high income countries, there is a paucity of information assessing the prevalence of depression within hypertensive patients in low income nations. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of undiagnosed depression in hypertensive patients within a tertiary care facility in Karachi, Pakistan. The secondary objective was to assess factors associated with undiagnosed depression in this group...
June 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900321/pattern-of-adverse-drug-reactions-to-anticancer-drugs-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis
#18
Shruti Singh, D C Dhasmana, Manisha Bisht, Prashant Kumar Singh
INTRODUCTION: Anticancer drugs contribute significantly to the global burden of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Any attempt to quantify their magnitude and provide upgraded knowledge would help oncologists in writing safer prescriptions. AIM: This observational follow-up study was conducted on newly diagnosed cancer patients receiving anticancer therapy with an aim to determine the frequency, severity, causality, predictability, and preventability of ADRs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The patients were followed up for 6 months for the appearance of adverse events...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894528/notification-of-international-normalized-ratio-test-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-treated-with-warfarin-via-short-message-service-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Reza Sheibani, Mehdi Sheibani, Yamin Hejazi, Saeid Eslami
BACKGROUND: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most common abnormal heart rhythm. AF patients usually use warfarin therapy. Safety and efficacy of warfarin are dependent on maintaining the International Normalized Ratio (INR) within the therapeutic range. OBJECTIVE: We will use a Short Message Service (SMS) to evaluate the effect of a reminder on carrying out the INR laboratory test in a timely manner. METHODS: This study (a Randomized Controlled Trial) will be done in Loghman hospital Tehran, Iran...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893198/lessons-from-a-decade-of-individual-based-models-for-infectious-disease-transmission-a-systematic-review-2006-2015
#20
Lander Willem, Frederik Verelst, Joke Bilcke, Niel Hens, Philippe Beutels
BACKGROUND: Individual-based models (IBMs) are useful to simulate events subject to stochasticity and/or heterogeneity, and have become well established to model the potential (re)emergence of pathogens (e.g., pandemic influenza, bioterrorism). Individual heterogeneity at the host and pathogen level is increasingly documented to influence transmission of endemic diseases and it is well understood that the final stages of elimination strategies for vaccine-preventable childhood diseases (e...
September 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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