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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436909/pulse-transit-time-measurement-using-seismocardiogram-photoplethysmogram-and-acoustic-recordings-evaluation-and-comparison
#1
Chenxi Yang, Negar Tavassolian
This work proposes a novel method of pulse transit time measurement. The proximal arterial location data is collected from seismocardiogram (SCG) recordings by placing a MEMS accelerometer on the chest wall. The distal arterial location data is recorded using an acoustic sensor placed inside the ear. The performance of distal location recordings is evaluated by comparing SCG-acoustic and SCG-Photoplethysmogram (PPG) measurements. PPG and acoustic performances under motion noise are also compared. Experimental results suggest comparable performances for the acoustic-based and PPG-based devices...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433143/transcrystallization-of-polypropylene-in-the-presence-of-polyester-cellulose-nanocrystal-composite-fibers
#2
Jing Huang, Chunjiang Xu, Defeng Wu, Qiaolian Lv
Pristine cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) and acetylated one (aCNC) were used as the modifier to change the surface properties of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) fibers for the transcrystallization study of polypropylene (PP). The results reveal that all three kinds of fibers, including the neat PTT, PTT/CNC and PTT/aCNC ones can induce PP transcrystallization. But the PTT/aCNC fiber-filled PP system shows the most remarkable transcrystallization behavior because of the highest nucleation density of PTT/aCNC fiber...
July 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427779/fish-oil-lc-pufas-do-not-affect-blood-coagulation-parameters-and-bleeding-manifestations-analysis-of-8-clinical-studies-with-selected-patient-groups-on-omega-3-enriched-medical-nutrition
#3
Stephanie Jeansen, Renger F Witkamp, Jossie A Garthoff, Ardy van Helvoort, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The increased consumption of fish oil enriched-products exposes a wide diversity of people, including elderly and those with impaired health to relatively high amounts of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs). There is an ongoing debate around the possible adverse effects of n-3 LC-PUFAs on bleeding risk, particularly relevant in people with a medical history of cardiovascular events or using antithrombotic drugs. METHODS: This analysis of 8 clinical intervention studies conducted with enteral medical nutrition products containing fish oil as a source of n-3 LC-PUFAs addresses the occurrence of bleeding-related adverse events and effects on key coagulation parameters (Prothrombin Time [PT], (activated) and Partial Thromboplastin Time [(a)PTT])...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418679/bioresponsive-polyoxometalate-cluster-for-redox-activated-photoacoustic-imaging-guided-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#4
Dalong Ni, Dawei Jiang, Hector F Valdovinos, Emily B Ehlerding, Bo Yu, Todd E Barnhart, Peng Huang, Weibo Cai
Although various types of imaging agents have been developed for photoacoustic (PA) imaging, relatively few imaging agents exhibit high selectivity/sensitivity to the tumor microenvironment for on-demand PA imaging and therapy. Herein, molybdenum-based polyoxometalate (POM) clusters with the highest oxidation state of Mo(VI) (denoted as Ox-POM) were designed as novel agents for redox-activated PA imaging-guided photothermal therapy. Capable of escaping from recognition and capture by the liver and spleen, these renal clearable clusters with ultrasmall size (hydrodynamic size: 1...
April 20, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418236/a-novel-approach-of-using-near-infrared-responsive-pegylated-gold-nanorod-coated-poly-l-lactide-microneedles-to-enhance-the-antitumor-efficiency-of-docetaxel-loaded-mpeg-pdlla-micelles-for-treating-a431-tumor
#5
Ying Hao, MingLing Dong, TaoYe Zhang, JinRong Peng, YanPeng Jia, YiPing Cao, ZhiYong Qian
The combination of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy (PTT) plays a significant role in synergistic tumor therapy. However, high dosage of chemotherapy drugs or photothermal agents may cause series side effects. To overcome these challenges, we designed a near-infrared (NIR) responsive PEGylated gold nanorod (GNR-PEG) coated poly (L-lactide) microneedles (PLLA MNs) system (GNR-PEG@MNs) to enhance antitumor efficiency of docetaxel loaded MPEG-PDLLA (MPEG-PDLLA-DTX) micelles for treating A431 tumor. The as-made GNR-PEG@MNs contained only 31...
April 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407493/plasmonic-titanium-nitride-nanoparticles-for-in%C3%A2-vivo-photoacoustic-tomography-imaging-and-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#6
Wenya He, Kelong Ai, Chunhuan Jiang, Yuanyuan Li, Xiangfu Song, Lehui Lu
Titanium nitride, an alternative plasmonic material to gold with unique physiochemical properties, has been widely used in microelectronics, biomedical devices and food-contact applications. However, its potential application in the area of biomedicine has not been effectively explored. With the spectral match of their plasmon resonance band and the biological transparency window as well as good biocompatibility, titanium nitride nanoparticles (TiN NPs) are promising photoabsorbing agents for photothermal therapy (PTT) and photoacoustic imaging...
July 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391369/relationship-between-lamina-cribrosa-displacement-and-trans-laminar-pressure-difference-in-papilledema
#7
Javier García-Montesinos, Francisco J Muñoz-Negrete, Victoria de Juan, Gema Rebolleda
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe morphological changes in lamina cribrosa (LC), prelaminar tissue thickness (PTT) and Bruch's membrane opening (BMO) in eyes affected by papilledema and correlate them with trans-LC-pressure difference (TLCD). METHODS: This was a prospective study, including twelve eyes newly diagnosed of papilledema. Eyes underwent scanning with Spectralis-OCT with enhanced depth imaging to compare BMO, anterior LC surface position (LC depth-LCD-) and PTT before and after oedema resolution...
April 8, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390259/near-infrared-photothermal-therapy-using-egfr-targeted-gold-nanoparticles-increases-autophagic-cell-death-in-breast-cancer
#8
Meihua Zhang, Hoe Suk Kim, Tiefeng Jin, Woo Kyung Moon
Although triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a small percentage of all breast cancers, to date, TNBC is one of the most challenging types of breast cancer for basic and clinic research because TNBC patients display a high risk of relapse, shorter overall survival and limited therapeutic options after completion of conventional chemotherapy compared with patients with other breast cancer subtypes. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a promising target for TNBC treatment. Although near infrared-photothermal therapy (NIR-PTT) using anti-EGFR antibody-conjugated gold nanorods (anti-EGFR-GNs), has attracted considerable interest for non-invasive and targeted TNBC treatment through an activation of apoptotic pathway, it is unclear whether anti-EGFR-GNs-combined NIR-PTT modulates the induction of autophagy contributing to cell death...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389371/cus-nanoagents-for-photodynamic-and-photothermal-therapies-phenomena-and-possible-mechanisms
#9
Lihua Li, Leila H Rashidi, Mengyu Yao, Lun Ma, Lingling Chen, Junying Zhang, Yu Zhang, Wei Chen
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) have been emerging as attractive and promising methods for tumor treatment in clinical approaches. CuS nanoparticles are effective and cost-effective agents for PTT. Recently, it was observed that CuS nanoparticles are also excellence candidates for PDT. However, the mechanisms for CuS nanoparticles as PDT agents have never been discussed. The goal here is to explore the killing mechanisms of CuS nanoparticles as PTT and PDT agents. CuS nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple wet chemistry method by coating with amphiphilic polymer and examined for their therapeutic potential on lung adenocarcinoma cell line SPC-A-1 in vitro and in vivo using a murine cancer model...
April 4, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379892/evaluation-of-arterial-stiffness-by-finger-toe-pulse-wave-velocity-optimization-of-signal-processing-and-clinical-validation
#10
Hasan Obeid, Hakim Khettab, Louise Marais, Magid Hallab, Stéphane Laurent, Pierre Boutouyrie
BACKGROUND: Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) (cf-PWV) is the gold standard for measuring aortic stiffness. Finger-toe PWV (ft-PWV) is a simpler noninvasive method for measuring arterial stiffness. Although the validity of the method has been previously assessed, its accuracy can be improved. ft-PWV is determined on the basis of a patented height chart for the distance and the pulse transit time (PTT) between the finger and the toe pulpar arteries signals (ft-PTT). METHOD: The objective of the first study, performed in 66 patients, was to compare different algorithms (intersecting tangents, maximum of the second derivative, 10% threshold and cross-correlation) for determining the foot of the arterial pulse wave, thus the ft-PTT...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376131/dietary-and-genetic-influences-on-hemostasis-in-a-yup-ik-alaska-native-population
#11
Nicholas T Au, Morayma Reyes, Bert B Boyer, Scarlett E Hopkins, Jynene Black, Diane O'Brien, Alison E Fohner, Joe Yracheta, Timothy Thornton, Melissa A Austin, Wylie Burke, Kenneth E Thummel, Allan E Rettie
Fish and marine animals are important components of the subsistence diet of Alaska Native people, resulting in a high ω3 PUFA intake. The historical record for circumpolar populations highlights a tendency for facile bleeding, possibly related to ω3 PUFA effects on platelet activation and/or vitamin K-dependent clotting factors. To evaluate these two scenarios in Yup'ik people of southwestern Alaska, we examined the association between dietary ω3 PUFA intake and activities of clotting factor II, V, fibrinogen, PT, INR, PTT, and sP-selectin in 733 study participants, using the nitrogen isotope ratio of red blood cells as a biomarker of ω3 PUFA consumption...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374581/-one-for-all-type-biodegradable-prussian-blue-manganese-dioxide-hybrid-nanocrystal-for-trimodal-imaging-guided-photothermal-therapy-and-oxygen-regulation-of-breast-cancer
#12
Jinrong Peng, Mingling Dong, Bei Ran, Wenting Li, Ying Hao, Qian Yang, Liwei Tan, Kun Shi, Zhiyong Qian
Multimodal imaging-guided diagnosis and therapy has been highlighted in the area of theranostic nanomaterials. To provide more suitable theranostic candidates, Prussian blue (PB)/manganese dioxide (MnO2) hybrid nanoparticles (PBMn) smaller than 50 nm are prepared by a one-pot method. MnO2, which is reduced from KMnO4, not only controls the particle size, the optical properties, and the transverse relaxation rate (r2) of PB but also enhances the catalysis efficacy of PB to H2O2 for oxygen generation. PBMn can serve as a photoacoustic imaging (PAI) and longitudinal relaxation (T1) mode magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent (14 times and 1...
April 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369126/biocompatible-astaxanthin-as-a-novel-marine-oriented-agent-for-dual-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#13
Van Phuc Nguyen, Sung Won Kim, Hanna Kim, Hyejin Kim, Kwang Hyuk Seok, Min Jung Jung, Yeh-Chan Ahn, Hyun Wook Kang
The photothermal effect of a marine-oriented xanthophyll carotenoid, astaxanthin (AXT), was characterized based on its potential absorption of visible laser light and conversion of optical light energy into heat for thermal treatment. As an antioxidant and anticancer agent, AXT extracted from marine material can be utilized for photothermal therapy due to its strong light absorption. The current study investigated the feasibility of the marine-based material AXT to increase the therapeutic efficacy of chemo-photothermal therapy (PTT) by assessing photothermal sessions in both cells and tumor tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361357/increasing-accuracy-of-pulse-transit-time-measurements-by-automated-elimination-of-distorted-photoplethysmography-waves
#14
Marit H N van Velzen, Arjo J Loeve, Sjoerd P Niehof, Egbert G Mik
Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a widely available non-invasive optical technique to visualize pressure pulse waves (PWs). Pulse transit time (PTT) is a physiological parameter that is often derived from calculations on ECG and PPG signals and is based on tightly defined characteristics of the PW shape. PPG signals are sensitive to artefacts. Coughing or movement of the subject can affect PW shapes that much that the PWs become unsuitable for further analysis. The aim of this study was to develop an algorithm that automatically and objectively eliminates unsuitable PWs...
March 30, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352491/acquired-factor-viii-deficiency-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-literature
#15
Lan Mo, George C Bao
BACKGROUND: Acquired factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency, or acquired hemophilia A (AHA), is a rare autoimmune disorder involving antibody-mediated depletion of coagulation FVIII, leading to severe, life-threatening bleeding. The condition is often associated with other autoimmune disorders, and its treatment involves replacement of FVIII and various modes of immunosuppression. Recently, a few noteworthy therapeutic advances have been made. We present two cases of severe AHA in Chinese women...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351615/a-tantalum-oxide-based-core-shell-nanoparticle-for-triple-modality-image-guided-chemo-thermal-synergetic-therapy-of-esophageal-carcinoma
#16
Yushen Jin, Xibo Ma, Shuai Zhang, Hui Meng, Min Xu, Xin Yang, Wanhai Xu, Jie Tian
Early detection and therapy of esophageal cancer is very important for improving the prognosis and survival rate of the patient. A theranostic agent that combines multimodal imaging with cancer therapy may be used for augmenting the visualization and treatment of the cancer. Herein, we report the synthesis of a hollow tantalum oxide (TaOx) nanoparticle that was successfully engineered by encapsulation of polypyrrole (PPy) and doxorubicin (DOX) in the core and conjugation with a near infrared fluorescence dye (NIRDye800) on the shell of the hollow TaOx nanoparticles...
March 27, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350437/bacteria-activated-theranostic-nanoprobes-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#17
Zhiwei Zhao, Rong Yan, Xuan Yi, Jingling Li, Jiaming Rao, Zhengqing Guo, Yanmei Yang, Weifeng Li, Yong-Qiang Li, Chunying Chen
Despite numerous advanced imaging and sterilization techniques available nowadays, the sensitive in vivo diagnosis and complete elimination of drug-resistant bacterial infections remain big challenges. Here we report a strategy to design activatable theranostic nanoprobes against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. This probe is based on silica nanoparticles coated with vancomycin-modified polyelectrolyte-cypate complexes (SiO2-Cy-Van), which is activated by an interesting phenomenon of bacteria-responsive dissociation of the polyelectrolyte from silica nanoparticles...
March 30, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347795/clinical-experience-with-penile-traction-therapy-among-men-undergoing-collagenase-clostridium-histolyticum-for-peyronie-s-disease
#18
Matthew J Ziegelmann, Boyd R Viers, Brian D Montgomery, Ross A Avant, Joshua B Savage, Landon W Trost
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes in men undergoing Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) with concurrent penile traction therapy (PTT) for the treatment of Peyronie's Disease (PD). METHODS: We identified patients treated with CCH between March 2014 and July 2016. Patients were recommended to perform modeling and PTT between injection series. A final curve assessment was performed after patients completed CCH. A prospective database was maintained, including patient reported frequency and duration of PTT...
March 24, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346382/the-balloon-based-manometry-evaluation-of-swallowing-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#19
Jerzy Tomik, Barbara Tomik, Sebastian Gajec, Piotr Ceranowicz, Małgorzata Pihut, Rafał Olszanecki, Paweł Stręk, Jacek Składzień
The aim of the study was to analyse the disturbances of the oro-pharyngeal swallowing phase of dysphagia in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with the use of specific manometric measurements and to evaluate their plausible association with the duration of the disease. Seventeen patients with ALS were evaluated with manometric examinations of the oral and pharyngeal part of the gastrointestinal tract. Tests were carried out by using the oesophageal balloon-based method with four balloon transducers located 5 cm away from each other...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339878/prolongation-of-ptt-by-crp-is-magnified-in-the-setting-of-heparin-and-warfarin-therapy
#20
Ameet Thaker, Wayne Chandler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
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