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cardiac arrest pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412993/paediatric-onset-coronary-artery-anomalies-in-pregnancy-a-single-centre-experience-and-systematic-literature-review
#1
Michelle Keir, Catriona Bhagra, Debra Vatenmakher, Francisca Arancibia-Galilea, Katrijn Jansen, Norihisa Toh, Candice K Silversides, Jack Colman, Samuel C Siu, Mathew Sermer, Andrew M Crean, Rachel M Wald
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with childhood-onset coronary artery anomalies are at increased risk of lifelong complications. Although pregnancy is thought to confer additional risk, a few data are available regarding outcomes in this group of women. We sought to define outcomes of pregnancy in this unique population. METHODS: We performed a retrospective survey of women with paediatric-onset coronary anomalies and pregnancy in our institution, combined with a systematic review of published cases...
April 17, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393757/prehospital-randomised-assessment-of-a-mechanical-compression-device-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-paramedic-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#2
Simon Gates, Ranjit Lall, Tom Quinn, Charles D Deakin, Matthew W Cooke, Jessica Horton, Sarah E Lamb, Anne-Marie Slowther, Malcolm Woollard, Andy Carson, Mike Smyth, Kate Wilson, Garry Parcell, Andrew Rosser, Richard Whitfield, Amanda Williams, Rebecca Jones, Helen Pocock, Nicola Brock, John Jm Black, John Wright, Kyee Han, Gary Shaw, Laura Blair, Joachim Marti, Claire Hulme, Christopher McCabe, Silviya Nikolova, Zenia Ferreira, Gavin D Perkins
BACKGROUND: Mechanical chest compression devices may help to maintain high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), but little evidence exists for their effectiveness. We evaluated whether or not the introduction of Lund University Cardiopulmonary Assistance System-2 (LUCAS-2; Jolife AB, Lund, Sweden) mechanical CPR into front-line emergency response vehicles would improve survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the LUCAS-2 device as a routine ambulance service treatment for OHCA...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270448/management-of-pregnancy-and-obstetric-complications-in-prehospital-trauma-care-prehospital-resuscitative-hysterotomy-perimortem-caesarean-section
#3
EDITORIAL
Emir Battaloglu, Keith Porter
The need for prehospital resuscitative hysterotomy/perimortem caesarean section is rare. The procedures can be daunting and clinically challenging for practitioners. Maternal death can be averted by swift and decisive action. This guideline serves to inform prehospital practitioners about conducting maternal resuscitation following cardiac arrest, provides an evidence-based framework to support decision making and highlights areas for improvement in prehospital care.
March 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242631/nearly-one-in-four-cardiac-arrests-in-pregnancy-is-due-to-anaesthesia-study-finds
#4
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231684/emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-challenge-or-an-obstetrical-defeat
#5
Aneta Malinowska-Polubiec, Ewa Romejko-Wolniewicz, Julia Zareba-Szczudlik, Agnieszka Dobrowolska-Redo, Agnieszka Sotowska, Roman Smolarczyk, Jan Wilczynski, Krzysztof Czajkowski
OBJECTIVES: Peripartum hysterectomy remains an obstetric nightmare. Most obstetricians consider it a defeat. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, indications, procedures and complications of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in the 2nd Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw during a 7 year period (2007-2013). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 21,144 deliveries was performed. We analyzed all cases of EPH, including the maternal characteristics, obstetrical history, course of pregnancy and delivery, type of surgery and complications...
October 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151819/epidemiology-of-cardiac-arrest-during-hospitalization-for-delivery-in-canada-a-nationwide-study
#6
Mrinalini Balki, Shiliang Liu, Juan Andrés León, Leyla Baghirzada
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is a rare and devastating condition with high mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study was to generate information about maternal cardiac arrest in Canada by examining the frequency, temporal incidence, associated conditions, potential etiologies, and survival rates. METHODS: This retrospective population-based study used hospitalization data from the discharge abstract database of the Canadian Institute for Health Information relating to obstetric deliveries in Canada from April 1, 2002, to March 31, 2015...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109048/tipping-our-caps-to-the-ukoss-cardiac-arrest-in-pregnancy-study
#7
J M Mhyre, B T Bateman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079767/primary-gastric-choriocarcinoma-presenting-as-a-pregnancy-of-unknown-location
#8
Alyssa Larish, Amanika Kumar, Sarah Kerr, Carrie Langstraat
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy of unknown location presents a diagnostic challenge, in rare occasions leading to the diagnosis of malignancy. We describe a case of β-hCG-secreting nongestational primary gastric choriocarcinoma presenting as a pregnancy of unknown location. CASE: A 37-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 3013, presented with several days of vaginal bleeding and rising β-hCG level without ultrasound localization of pregnancy. The diagnosis of pregnancy of unknown location was made and methotrexate administered at a β-hCG level of 7,779 milli-international units/mL...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079556/cardiac-arrest-obstetric-cpr-acls
#9
Benjamin Cobb, Steven Lipman
In contrast with other high-resource countries, maternal mortality has seen an increase in the United States. Caring for pregnant women in cardiac arrest may prove uniquely challenging given the rarity of the event coupled by the physiological changes of pregnancy. Optimization of resuscitative efforts warrants special attention as described in the 2015 American Heart Association's "Scientific Statement on Maternal Cardiac Arrest." Current recommendations address a variety of topics ranging from the basic components of chest compressions and airway management to some of the logistical complexities and operational challenges involved in maternal cardiac arrest...
June 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017511/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-pregnancy-with-good-neurological-outcome-for-mother-and-infant
#10
S Pecher, E Williams
Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is rare (about 1:30000 pregnancies) and out-of-hospital cardiac arrests are even less frequent. Resuscitation of the pregnant mother is challenging and requires attention to the altered physiology, specific pathologies and the presence and well-being of the fetus. Once circulation has been restored, the lack of high-grade evidence regarding delivery of the baby and post-resuscitation care makes decision making complex. We present a case of out-of-hospital maternal cardiac arrest with successful resuscitation and good neurological outcome for mother and infant...
February 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933173/a-rare-case-of-gestational-thyrotoxicosis-as-a-cause-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#11
Varalaxmi Bhavani Nannaka, Dmitry Lvovsky
Angina pectoris in pregnancy is unusual and Prinzmetal's angina is much rarer. It accounts for 2% of all cases of angina. It is caused by vasospasm, but the mechanism of spasm is unknown but has been linked with hyperthyroidism in some studies. Patients with thyrotoxicosis-induced acute myocardial infarction are unusual and almost all reported cases have been associated with Graves' disease. Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone-induced hyperthyroidism occurs in about 1.4% of pregnant women, mostly when hCG levels are above 70-80 000 IU/L...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926646/treatment-of-a-pregnant-patient-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state
#12
Matthew P Romagano, William E Scorza, Stephen E Lammers, Carole Dorr, John C Smulian
BACKGROUND: Brain injury leading to a persistent vegetative state during pregnancy involves difficult medical and ethical decisions. CASE: A 21-year-old multigravid woman entered a persistent vegetative state at 20 1/7 weeks of gestation after cardiac arrest with postanoxic brain injury from a suspected drug overdose. The clinical disciplines responsible for her case formed a collaborative care plan involving ventilator, nutrition, and medication support of the mother and regular fetal monitoring and ultrasound testing...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913770/cor-triatriatum
#13
Ajay Kumar Jha, Neeti Makhija
Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly defined by an abnormal septation within the atrium (left or right) leading to inflow obstruction to the respective ventricles. It exists either in isolated classical form or may be associated with simple to complex congenital cardiac anomalies. Several anatomical variants exist even in the classical form, and therefore, it may require multimodal diagnostic modalities to characterize and differentiate for better percutaneous interventional or surgical planning...
December 1, 2016: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835031/cardiogenic-shock-in-pregnancy-analysis-from-the-national-inpatient-sample
#14
Jennifer Banayan, Sarosh Rana, Ariel Mueller, Avery Tung, Hadi Ramadan, Zoltan Arany, Junaid Nizamuddin, Victor Novack, Barbara Scavone, Samuel M Brown, Sajid Shahul
OBJECTIVE: Cardiogenic shock (CS) may occur during pregnancy and dramatically worsen peripartum outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2013 to describe the incidence of, risk factors for and outcomes of CS during pregnancy. RESULTS: Of the 53,794,192 hospitalizations analyzed, 2044 were complicated by CS. The mortality rate in peripartum women with CS was 18.81% versus 0.02% without. It occurs more often during postpartum (58...
November 11, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816162/cardiac-arrest-and-resuscitation-unique-to-pregnancy
#15
REVIEW
Terri-Ann Bennett, Vern L Katz, Carolyn M Zelop
Maternal cardiopulmonary arrest (MCPA) is a catastrophic event that can cause significant morbidity and mortality. A prepared, multidisciplinary team is necessary to perform basic and advanced cardiac life support specific to the anatomic and physiologic changes of pregnancy. MCPA is a challenging clinical scenario for any provider. Overall, it is an infrequent occurrence that involves 2 patients. However, key clinical intervention performed concurrently can save the life of both mother and baby.
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728485/cardiac-arrest-in-pregnancy-refractory-hypokalemia-is-it-gitelman-or-type-3-bartters-syndrome
#16
Sabarinath, Sanket Shah, Lavanya, Rama Bhat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644095/optimizing-survival-outcomes-for-adult-patients-with-nontraumatic-cardiac-arrest
#17
REVIEW
Julianna Jung
Patient survival after cardiac arrest can be improved significantly with prompt and effective resuscitative care. This systematic review analyzes the basic life support factors that improve survival outcome, including chest compression technique and rapid defibrillation of shockable rhythms. For patients who are successfully resuscitated, comprehensive postresuscitation care is essential. Targeted temperature management is recommended for all patients who remain comatose, in addition to careful monitoring of oxygenation, hemodynamics, and cardiac rhythm...
October 2016: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555967/management-of-maternal-cardiac-arrest-in-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-simulation-based-pilot-study
#18
Jacquelyn Adams, Jose R Cepeda Brito, Lauren Baker, Patrick G Hughes, M David Gothard, Michele L McCarroll, Jocelyn Davis, Angela Silber, Rami A Ahmed
Objective. To evaluate confidence, knowledge, and competence after a simulation-based curriculum on maternal cardiac arrest in an Obstetrics & Gynecologic (OBGYN) residency program. Methods. Four simulations with structured debriefing focusing on high yield causes and management of maternal cardiac arrest were executed. Pre- and post-individual knowledge tests (KT) and confidence surveys (CS) were collected along with group scores of critical performance steps evaluated by content experts for the first and final simulations...
2016: Critical Care Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484758/-chest-pain-at-32%C3%A2-weeks-gestation-pregnancy-related-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection
#19
A Schmutz, P Quaas, S Grundmann
A 32-year-old woman at 32 weeks gestation presented with cardiac arrest due to ventricular tachycardia following acute chest pain at home. After immediate defibrillation with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), an ST segment elevation myocardial infarction due to coronary artery dissection was confirmed. Two drug-eluting stents were implanted and she was placed on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). The echocardiogram showed akinesis of the apex and anterior wall. The patients risk for stent thrombosis was considered high and therefore DAPT was continued until cesarean section at 35 weeks gestation...
September 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386763/intensive-care-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-and-general-principles-of-management-of-obstetrics-icu-patients-during-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Anne Chantry, Gary Duclos, Aurelie Bourgoin, Alexandre Mignon, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux, Marc Leone
In developed countries, the rate of obstetric ICU admissions (admission during pregnancy or the postpartum period) is between 0.5 and 4 per 1000 deliveries and the overall case-fatality rate is about 2%. The most two common causes of obstetric ICU admissions concerned direct obstetric pathologies: obstetric hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. This review summarized the principles of management of critically ill pregnant patient. Its imply taking care of two patients in the same time. A coordinated multidisciplinary team including intensivists, anesthesiologists, obstetricians, pediatricians and pharmacists is therefore necessary...
October 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
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