keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Weight loss drug

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429577/investigating-general-medication-prescription-by-general-practitioners-during-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-trial
#1
N R Fuller, N S Lau, T P Markovic, I D Caterson
Much healthcare expenditure is on pharmaceutical drugs. Expenditure on medications has increased both in absolute terms, and as a proportion of total health expenditure. No previous studies have investigated the prescribing costs by general practitioners when managing patients during a weight loss intervention. This study evaluated the medication costs by individual class during a 1-year study in which 268 participants were randomized to one of two weight loss programmes, either standard care (SC) as defined by national guidelines, or a commercial provider (Weight Watchers) (CP)...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417575/effect-of-weight-reduction-on-hemoglobin-a1c-in-weight-loss-trials-of-type-2-diabetes-patients
#2
Anders Gummesson, Elisabeth Nyman, Mikael Knutsson, Martin Karpefors
AIMS: To quantify the effect of weight loss on HbA1c at group level based on data from published weight loss trials in overweight and obese type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL (January 1990 through December 2012) was conducted to identify prospective trials of energy-reduced diets, obesity drugs or bariatric surgery conducted in adult, overweight and obese T2D patients. Based on clinical data from 3 to 24 months of follow-up, a linear model was developed to describe the effect of weight reduction on HbA1c...
April 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416183/inhibition-of-the-in-vitro-growth-of-babesia-bigemina-babesia-caballi-and-theileria-equi-parasites-by-trifluralin-analogues
#3
Marta G Silva, Donald P Knowles, Sandra Antunes, Ana Domingos, Maria A Esteves, Carlos E Suarez
Bovine and equine babesiosis caused by Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina and Babesia caballi, along with equine theileriosis caused by Theileria equi are global tick-borne hemoprotozoan diseases characterized by fever, anemia, weight losses and abortions. A common feature of these diseases are transition from acute to chronic phases, in which parasites may persist in the hosts for life. Antiprotozoal drugs are important for managing infection and disease. Previous research demonstrated that trifluralin analogues, designated (TFLAs) 1-15, which specifically bind to regions of alpha-tubulin protein in plants and protozoan parasites, have the ability to inhibit the in vitro growth of B...
April 10, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415628/gut-microbiota-drives-the-attenuation-of-dextran-sulphate-sodium-induced-colitis-by-huangqin-decoction
#4
Yang Yang, Gang Chen, Qian Yang, Juan Ye, Xueting Cai, Pamo Tsering, Xiaolan Cheng, Chunping Hu, Shuangquan Zhang, Peng Cao
The gut microbiota, including probiotics and pathogenic microorganisms, is involved in ulcerative colitis (UC) by regulating pathogenic microorganisms and the production of intestinal mucosal antibodies. Huangqin decoction (HQD), a traditional Chinese formula chronicled in the Shanghan lun, has been recognized as an effective drug for UC, owing to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. In the present study, we investigated whether HQD ameliorates dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis through alteration of the gut microbiota...
March 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412555/one-dimensional-poly-l-lysine-block-poly-l-threonine-assemblies-exhibit-potent-anticancer-activity-by-enhancing-membranolysis
#5
Yu-Fon Chen, Ai-Li Shiau, Sue-Joan Chang, Nai-Shin Fan, Chung-Teng Wang, Chao-Liang Wu, Jeng-Shiung Jan
Herein, we report the oncolytic activity of cationic, one-dimensional (1D) fibril assemblies formed from coil-sheet poly(L-lysine)-block-poly(L-threonine) (PLL-b-PLT) block copolypeptides for cancer therapy. The 1D fibril assemblies can efficiently interact with negatively charged cellular and mitochondrial membranes via electrostatic interactions, leading to necrosis via membrane lysis and apoptosis via the mitochondria-lytic effect. The concept is analogous to that of 1D drug carriers that exhibit enhanced cell penetration...
April 12, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407891/antioxidants-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitors-from-liucha-young-leaves-and-shoots-of-sibiraea-laevigata
#6
Jian-Qiang Zhao, Yan-Ming Wang, Yan-Long Yang, Ying Zeng, Li-Juan Mei, Yan-Ping Shi, Yan-Duo Tao
The young leaves and shoots of Sibiraea laevigata, known as "Liucha", are used as tea by Tibetans to improve digestion after meals. Long-term consumption of "Liucha" will cause weight loss. In present work, we reported on the isolation and NMR and chemical analysis-based elucidation of seven new sorbitol O-caffeic acid ester derivatives named sorbitol esters A-G (1-7) and eighteen known phenolic compounds from S. laevigata. All of the isolates were evaluated for their antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401495/cessation-rate-of-anti-osteoporosis-treatments-and-risk-factors-in-spanish-primary-care-settings-a-population-based-cohort-analysis
#7
Elisa Martín-Merino, Consuelo Huerta-Álvarez, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Dolores Montero-Corominas
Among 95,057 patients ≥50 years with new anti-osteoporosis medications (AOM) (2001-2013) in primary care, 1-year cessation was 51% (28%-68%), higher in men, smokers, patients with missing lifestyle data, and out normal BMI, and lower in those aged 60-79, with recent fractures or other anti-osteoporotics, suggesting non-severe osteoporosis and less risk awareness. PURPOSE: Low compliance to anti-osteoporosis medications (AOM) has been previously reported. We aimed to estimate 1-year cessation rates of different AOMs as used in Spanish healthcare settings, and to identify associated risk factors...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400790/current-view-and-perspectives-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#8
REVIEW
Stéphane Mathis, Philippe Couratier, Adrien Julian, Philippe Corcia, Gwendal Le Masson
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), identified as a distinct clinical entity by Charcot since the end of the nineteenth century, is a devastating and fatal neurodegenerative disorder that affects motor neurons in the brain, brainstem and spinal cord. Survival of patients with ALS is associated with several factors such as clinical phenotype, age at onset, gender, early presence of respiratory failure, weight loss and treatment with Riluzole (the only disease-modifying drug approved for this disease). Nowadays, there is still no curative treatment for ALS: palliative care and symptomatic treatment are therefore essential components in the management of these patients...
February 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396979/nanoparticulate-tetrac-inhibits-growth-and-vascularity-of-glioblastoma-xenografts
#9
Thangirala Sudha, Dhruba J Bharali, Stewart Sell, Noureldien H E Darwish, Paul J Davis, Shaker A Mousa
Thyroid hormone as L-thyroxine (T4) stimulates proliferation of glioma cells in vitro and medical induction of hypothyroidism slows clinical growth of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The proliferative action of T4 on glioma cells is initiated nongenomically at a cell surface receptor for thyroid hormone on the extracellular domain of integrin αvβ3. Tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac) is a thyroid hormone derivative that blocks T4 action at αvβ3 and has anticancer and anti-angiogenic activity. Tetrac has been covalently bonded via a linker to a nanoparticle (Nanotetrac, Nano-diamino-tetrac, NDAT) that increases the potency of tetrac and broadens the anticancer properties of the drug...
April 10, 2017: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396180/polypharmacy-is-associated-with-higher-frailty-risk-in-older-people-an-8-year-longitudinal-cohort-study
#10
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Alberto Pilotto, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Christoph Mueller, Jonathan Huntley, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether polypharmacy is associated with a higher incidence of frailty in a large cohort of North Americans during 8 years of follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal study, follow-up of 8 years. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4402 individuals at high risk or having knee osteoarthritis free from frailty at baseline. MEASUREMENTS: Details regarding medication prescription were captured and categorized as 0-3, 4-6, and ≥7...
April 7, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394671/the-u-k-nice-2014-guidelines-for-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-lessons-learned-in-a-narrative-review-addressing-inadvertent-limitations-and-bias
#11
Stephen Birch, Myeong Soo Lee, Nicola Robinson, Terje Alraek
Several systematic reviews suggest that acupuncture is effective for knee osteoarthritis (OA), and furthermore a safe and cost-effective treatment for this condition. A recent clinical practice guideline (CPG) from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), in the United Kingdom, recommended against the use of acupuncture on the grounds that the effect size (ES) in comparison with sham acupuncture is too small. Safety data were not considered in the review, in addition the levels of evidence for acupuncture against other recommended therapies were not compared...
April 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393217/antitumor-agent-25-epi-ritterostatin-gn1n-induces-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-autophagy-mediated-cell-death-in-melanoma-cells
#12
Kausar Begam Riaz Ahmed, Ananda Kumar Kanduluru, Li Feng, Philip L Fuchs, Peng Huang
Metastatic melanoma is the most aggressive of all skin cancers and is associated with poor prognosis owing to lack of effective treatments. 25-epi Ritterostatin GN1N is a novel antitumor agent with yet undefined mechanisms of action. We sought to delineate the antitumor mechanisms of 25-epi Ritterostatin GN1N in melanoma cells to determine the potential of this compound as a treatment for melanoma. Activation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress protein glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) has been associated with increased melanoma progression, oncogenic signaling, drug resistance, and suppression of cell death...
May 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392300/glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-a-class-update-for-treating-type-2-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
Julie A Lovshin
Current management options for treating type 2 diabetes are diverse. Many different classes of antidiabetes therapies are used in clinic, and several new candidates are in late-phase clinical trial. This therapeutic abundance is a windfall for patients because it facilitates individualized patient care. Evidence-based positioning of these agents is challenging, however, requiring comprehensive and balanced familiarity with each drug class. In this review, I provide a clinical update of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs), a class of incretin-based, injectable antidiabetes therapies which improve fasting and postprandial blood glucose control through glucose-dependent pancreatic islet cell hormone secretion without significant risks for hypoglycemia...
April 5, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#14
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381316/effects-of-racecadotril-on-weight-loss-and-diarrhea-due-to-human-rotavirus-in-neonatal-gnotobiotic-pigs-sus-scrofa-domesticus
#15
Tammy Bui, Guohua Li, Inyoung Kim, Ke Wen, Erica L Twitchell, Shaoh Hualei, Ashwin K Ramesh, Mariah D Weiss, Xingdong Yang, Sherrie G Glark-Deener, Robert Km Choy, Lijuan Yuan
Diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in children younger than 5 y, and the most common cause of acute watery diarrhea in young children worldwide is rotaviral infection. Medicines to specifically reduce diarrhea would be a desirable adjunctive treatment to supportive fluid therapy to decrease the mortality rate of diarrheal diseases. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of an antisecretory drug, racecadotril, in treating human rotavirus (HRV)-induced diarrhea in a neonatal gnotobiotic pig model...
March 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378293/pharmacotherapy-of-obesity-clinical-trials-to-clinical-practice
#16
REVIEW
Kishore M Gadde, Y Pritham Raj
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of the current state of drug therapy for obesity, with a focus on four new drug therapies-lorcaserin, phentermine/topiramate, naltrexone/bupropion, and liraglutide 3.0 mg-which have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for long-term management of obesity since 2012. Topics discussed in this paper include rationale for pharmacotherapy, history of antiobesity drugs, and efficacy and safety data from randomized controlled trials with implications for clinical practice...
May 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374966/apoptosis-dysbiosis-and-expression-of-inflammatory-cytokines-are-sequential-events-in-the-development-of-5-fluorouracil-induced-intestinal-mucositis-in-mice
#17
Nahla Hamouda, Tatsushi Sano, Yosuke Oikawa, Toru Ozaki, Masaki Shimakawa, Kenjiro Matsumoto, Kikuko Amagase, Kazuhide Higuchi, Shinichi Kato
The chemotherapeutic agent 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) causes intestinal mucositis with severe diarrhoea but the pathogenesis is not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the pathogenic effects of 5-FU in mice, focusing on apoptosis, enterobacteria and inflammatory cytokines. Repeated administration of 5-FU caused severe intestinal mucositis on day 6, accompanied by diarrhoea and body weight loss. TNF-α expression increased one day after exposure to the drug, and spiked a second time on day 4, at which point myeloperoxidase activity and IL-1β expression also increased...
April 4, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374014/transgenic-monkey-model-of-the-polyglutamine-diseases-recapitulating-progressive-neurological-symptoms
#18
Ikuo Tomioka, Hidetoshi Ishibashi, Eiko N Minakawa, Hideyuki H Motohashi, Osamu Takayama, Yuko Saito, H Akiko Popiel, Sandra Puentes, Kensuke Owari, Terumi Nakatani, Naotake Nogami, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Satoru Noguchi, Takahiro Yonekawa, Yoko Tanaka, Naoko Fujita, Hikaru Suzuki, Hisae Kikuchi, Shu Aizawa, Seiichi Nagano, Daisuke Yamada, Ichizo Nishino, Noritaka Ichinohe, Keiji Wada, Shinichi Kohsaka, Yoshitaka Nagai, Kazuhiko Seki
Age-associated neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and the polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases, are becoming prevalent as a consequence of elongation of the human lifespan. Although various rodent models have been developed to study and overcome these diseases, they have limitations in their translational research utility owing to differences from humans in brain structure and function and in drug metabolism. Here, we generated a transgenic marmoset model of the polyQ diseases, showing progressive neurological symptoms including motor impairment...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367945/a-case-of-superficial-siderosis-ameliorated-after-closure-of-dural-deficit-detected-by-mri-ciss-constructive-interference-in-steady-state-imaging
#19
Ayako Sakoda, Ken-Ichiro Yamashita, Mitsumasa Hayashida, Yukihide Iwamoto, Ryo Yamasaki, Jun-Ichi Kira
A 64-year-old male developed headache, dizziness, and difficulty hearing, two years after an operation for chronic subdural hematoma due to head injury. These symptoms gradually worsened over the following 15 years. As he showed bloody cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and marginal hypointensity on the surface of the brain and spinal cord on T2/T2*-weighted MRI, he was diagnosed with superficial siderosis (SS), although the source of the bleeding was unclear and anti-hemorrhagic drugs were ineffective. When he was admitted to our hospital, neurological examination disclosed horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus, severe bilateral hearing loss, scanning speech, and limb and truncal ataxia...
March 30, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366845/determination-of-caffeine-and-identification-of-undeclared-substances-in-dietary-supplements-and-caffeine-dietary-exposure-assessment
#20
Diana Brito da Justa Neves, Eloisa Dutra Caldas
Caffeine is one of the most consumed stimulants in the world, and is a frequent ingredient of dietary supplements. The aims of this work were to validate a GC-MS method for the quantitation of caffeine and identification of other substances in supplements, mainly weight loss products, and to estimate the caffeine intake by consumers. Sample preparation included extraction with chloroform:water in ultrasonic bath, centrifugation and analysis of the organic layer for caffeine quantitation, and extraction with methanol for identification of other substances...
March 30, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
keyword
keyword
84692
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"