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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548185/-evaluation-the-american-college-of-cardiology-and-american-heart-association-predictive-score-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#1
Mónica Acevedo, Giovanna Valentino, Verónica Kramer, María José Bustamante, Marcela Adasme, Lorena Orellana, Fernando Baraona, Carlos Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) proposed a new cardiovascular risk (CV) score. AIM: To evaluate the new risk score (ACC/AHA 2013) in a Chilean population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profile and fasting blood glucose levels were measured and a survey about CV risk factors was responded by 3,284 subjects aged 40 to 79 years (38% females), living in urban Santiago...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546322/poststroke-fatigue-emerging-evidence-and-approaches-to-management-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#2
REVIEW
Janice L Hinkle, Kyra J Becker, Jong S Kim, Smi Choi-Kwon, Karen L Saban, Norma McNair, Gillian E Mead
At least half of all stroke survivors experience fatigue; thus, it is a common cause of concern for patients, caregivers, and clinicians after stroke. This scientific statement provides an international perspective on the emerging evidence surrounding the incidence, prevalence, quality of life, and complex pathogenesis of poststroke fatigue. Evidence for pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions for management are reviewed, as well as the effects of poststroke fatigue on both stroke survivors and caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545343/alcelaphine-gammaherpesvirus-1-induced-malignant-catarrhal-fever-in-a-watusi-bos-taurus-africanus-steer-in-a-north-american-game-park
#3
Robert J Bildfell, Hong Li, Benjamin E Alcantar, Cristina W Cunha, Dan S Bradway, Kirsten S Thomas
A 10-y-old Watusi ( Bos taurus africanus) steer housed at a drive-through game park in Winston, Oregon developed severe clinical illness including fever, marked nasal discharge, injected scleral and conjunctival membranes, plus oral hemorrhages and erosions. The animal responded poorly to supportive treatment and was euthanized. Additional gross findings at postmortem examination included papules and erosive lesions on the tongue, hemorrhagic large intestine, and multifocal cardiac hemorrhages. Histopathologic findings included multifocal lymphoplasmacytic vasculitis plus fibrin exudation in heart and tongue...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543265/stricter-criteria-for-left-bundle-branch-block-diagnosis-do-not-improve-response-to-crt
#4
Emanuele Bertaglia, Federico Migliore, Anna Baritussio, Antonio De Simone, Albino Reggiani, Domenico Pecora, Antonio D'Onofrio, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Gianluca Savarese, Attilio Pierantozzi, Biondino Marenna, Franco Ruffa, Monica Campari, Maurizio Malacrida, Giuseppe Stabile
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has proved to be effective in patients with heart failure and left bundle branch block (LBBB). Recently, new ECG criteria have been proposed for the diagnosis of LBBB. These criteria are stricter than the current American Heart Association (AHA) criteria. We assessed the rate of echocardiographic response to CRT in patients with traditional LBBB versus patients who met the new criteria (strict LBBB). METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing CRT were enrolled in the CRT MORE registry...
May 23, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542470/differential-physiological-changes-following-internet-exposure-in-higher-and-lower-problematic-internet-users
#5
Phil Reed, Michela Romano, Federica Re, Alessandra Roaro, Lisa A Osborne, Caterina Viganò, Roberto Truzoli
Problematic internet use (PIU) has been suggested as in need of further research with a view to being included as a disorder in future Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association, but lack of knowledge about the impact of internet cessation on physiological function remains a major gap in knowledge and a barrier to PIU classification. One hundred and forty-four participants were assessed for physiological (blood pressure and heart rate) and psychological (mood and state anxiety) function before and after an internet session...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540340/is-childhood-socioeconomic-status-related-to-coronary-heart-disease-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-study-1992-2012
#6
Minjee Lee, M Mahmud Khan, Brad Wright
Objective: We investigated the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and coronary heart disease (CHD) in older Americans. Method: We used Health and Retirement Study data from 1992 to 2012 to examine a nationally representative sample of Americans aged ≥50 years (N = 30,623). We modeled CHD as a function of childhood and adult SES using maternal and paternal educational level as a proxy for childhood SES. Results: Respondents reporting low childhood SES were significantly more likely to have CHD than respondents reporting high childhood SES...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538842/-diagnostic-concordance-between-seven-definitions-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#7
Eduardo Cabrera-Rode, Beatriz Stusser, Wenny Cálix, Neraldo Orlandi, Janet Rodríguez, Ileana Cubas-Dueñas, Ragmila Echevarría, Aimee Álvarez
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the level of diagnostic concordance between seven definitions of metabolic syndrome (MS) in a group of overweight and obese adults. Materials and Methods: 350 subjects aged from 19 to 70 years were recruited for study from a clinic for overweight and obese subjects. The definitions of MS used were those given by the WHO (World Health Organization), EGIR (European Group for the Study of Insulin Resistance), NCEP- ATPIII (Adult Treatment Panel), AHA/NHLBI (American Heart Association), IDF (International Diabetes Federation), and JIS (Joint Interim Statement) as well as the Szabo criteria...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538274/prevalence-of-pulmonary-embolism-among-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-discharges-a-decade-of-analysis-of-the-national-hospital-discharge-survey
#8
Srinadh Annangi, Tirumala Rao Dammalapati, Snigdha Nutalapati, Marshaleen N Henriques King
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life threatening preventable medical condition involving sudden occlusion of arteries within the lungs. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory disorder and therefore independently poses a risk of PE. We aimed to determine the association of SLE and PE using National Hospital Discharge Survey data, a national representative sample of hospital discharges throughout the United States. METHODS: Retrospective population-based analysis was done using National Hospital Discharge Survey data for the period 2001 to 2010...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538087/total-brain-and-hippocampal-volumes-and-cognition-in-older-american-indians-the-strong-heart-study
#9
Brenna Cholerton, Adam Omidpanah, Tara M Madhyastha, Thomas J Grabowski, Astrid M Suchy-Dicey, Dean K Shibata, Lonnie A Nelson, Steven P Verney, Barbara V Howard, William T Longstreth, Thomas J Montine, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Estimates of hippocampal volume by magnetic resonance imaging have clinical and cognitive correlations and can assist in early Alzheimer disease diagnosis. However, little is known about the relationship between global or regional brain volumes and cognitive test performance in American Indians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: American Indian participants (N=698; median age, 72 y) recruited for the Cerebrovascular Disease and its Consequences in American Indians study, an ancillary study of the Strong Heart Study cohort, were enrolled...
April 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537000/advances-in-clinical-cardiology-2016-a-summary-of-the-key-clinical-trials
#10
REVIEW
Alastair Gray, Conor McQuillan, Ian B A Menown
INTRODUCTION: The findings of many new cardiology clinical trials over the last year have been published or presented at major international meetings. This paper aims to describe and place in context a summary of the key clinical trials in cardiology presented between January and December 2016. METHODS: The authors reviewed clinical trials presented at major cardiology conferences during 2016 including the American College of Cardiology (ACC), European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EuroPCR), European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT), and the American Heart Association (AHA)...
May 23, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534599/untreated-dyslipidemia-in-lebanese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#11
Marouan Zoghbi, Chadia Haddad, Pascale Salameh, Georges Haddad, Souheil Hallit
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of statin-untreated schizophrenic patients needing treatment according to the 2013 American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines and to compare the performance of these guidelines to the 2004 National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP-III) recommendations. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using medical charts, patient inverventions, and various anthropometric measures between April 2016 and July 2016 at the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross enrolled 329 patients with schizophrenia (DSM-5 criteria) to determine dyslipidemia and risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)...
May 18, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533303/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-adults-and-children-with-mechanical-circulatory-support-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#12
REVIEW
Mary Ann Peberdy, Jason A Gluck, Joseph P Ornato, Christian A Bermudez, Russell E Griffin, Vigneshwar Kasirajan, Richard E Kerber, Eldrin F Lewis, Mark S Link, Corinne Miller, Jeffrey J Teuteberg, Ravi Thiagarajan, Robert M Weiss, Brian O'Neil
Cardiac arrest in patients on mechanical support is a new phenomenon brought about by the increased use of this therapy in patients with end-stage heart failure. This American Heart Association scientific statement highlights the recognition and treatment of cardiovascular collapse or cardiopulmonary arrest in an adult or pediatric patient who has a ventricular assist device or total artificial heart. Specific, expert consensus recommendations are provided for the role of external chest compressions in such patients...
May 22, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532767/job-strain-and-cardiovascular-health-score-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline
#13
Priscila T P Rocco, Isabela M Bensenor, Rosane H Griep, Arlinda B Moreno, Airlane P Alencar, Paulo A Lotufo, Itamar S Santos
We aimed to study the association between the American Heart Association cardiovascular health (CVH) score and job strain in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health baseline. We analyzed data from 11,351 active workers (aged 35 to 74 years) without overt cardiovascular disease and who had complete data. Job strain was assessed using the 17-item Brazilian version of the Swedish Job Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Clinical (fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, and blood pressure) and lifestyle (diet, physical activity, smoking, and body mass index) components of CVH score were assessed according to the American Heart Association criteria...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531328/factors-associated-with-compliance-to-aha-acc-performance-measures-in-a-myocardial-infarction-system-of-care-in-brazil
#14
Maria Letícia L Lana, Andrea Z Beaton, Luisa C C Brant, Isadora C R S Bozzi, Osias de Magalhães, Luiz Ricardo de A Castro, Francisco César T da Silva Júnior, José Luiz P da Silva, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro, Bruno R Nascimento
Objective: To evaluate compliance with American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) performance measures for adults with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to investigate the factors associated with compliance, in an AMI System of Care in Brazil. Design: Observational longitudinal study. Setting: A high-complexity University Hospital, part of the AMI System of Care implemented in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in 2010. Participants: Of note, 1129 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) admitted to a single center over 36 months (between 2011 and 2014)...
May 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530431/socioeconomic-status-and-parenting-during-adolescence-in-relation-to-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-black-and-white-men
#15
Karen A Matthews, Jennifer M Boylan, Karen P Jakubowski, Jenny M Cundiff, Laisze Lee, Dustin A Pardini, J Richard Jennings
OBJECTIVE: American Heart Association (AHA) developed a new metric to evaluate ideal cardiovascular health based on optimal levels of 7 cardiovascular risk factors and health behaviors. We evaluated the relationships of parenting characteristics and academic achievement in adolescence in relation to ideal cardiovascular health in midlife men. METHOD: We measured cardiovascular risk factors in 171 Black and 136 White men and their ideal cardiovascular health score was constructed based on AHA guidelines...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529917/current-guidelines-on-prevention-with-a-focus-on-dyslipidemias
#16
REVIEW
Ian M Graham, Alberico L Catapano, Nathan D Wong
Examination of the current the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines on the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the management of dyslipidemias finds much common ground. Both note that Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is, in most people, the product of a number of risk factors, notably tobacco exposure, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, inactivity, overweight and diabetes. They stress that risk calculators can help in the assessment of risk in apparently healthy persons...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528703/does-fitness-improve-the-cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-obese-subjects
#17
H Halland, M T Lønnebakken, S Saeed, H Midtbø, D Cramariuc, E Gerdts
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Good cardiorespiratory fitness has been suggested to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in obesity. We explored the association of fitness with the prevalences of major cardiovascular risk factor like hypertension (HT), diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in overweight and obese subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical data from 491 participants in the FAT associated CardiOvasculaR dysfunction (FATCOR) study were analyzed. Physical fitness was assessed by ergospirometry, and subjects with at least good level of performance for age and sex were classified as fit...
April 26, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528376/isometric-handgrip-as-an-adjunct-for-blood-pressure-control-a-primer-for-clinicians
#18
REVIEW
Cheri L McGowan, David N Proctor, Ian Swaine, Robert D Brook, Elizabeth A Jackson, Phillip D Levy
Considered a global health crisis by the World Health Organization, hypertension (HTN) is the leading risk factor for death and disability. The majority of treated patients do not attain evidence-based clinical targets, which increases the risk of potentially fatal complications. HTN is the most common chronic condition seen in primary care; thus, implementing therapies that lower and maintain BP to within-target ranges is of tremendous public health importance. Isometric handgrip (IHG) training is a simple intervention endorsed by the American Heart Association as a potential adjuvant BP-lowering treatment...
June 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527022/comparison-of-echocardiographic-parameters-to-assess-right-ventricular-function-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#19
Hirohisa Amano, Shichiro Abe, Suguru Hirose, Ryutaro Waku, Taiki Masuyama, Masashi Sakuma, Shigeru Toyoda, Isao Taguchi, Teruo Inoue, Chuwa Tei
Although measurement of right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) may be relevant for evaluation of therapeutic efficacy and/or prognosis in patients with pulmonary hypertension, RVEF obtained by echocardiography has limited accuracy. In contrast, radionuclide and/or magnetic resonance imaging can measure RVEF more reliably. In this study, we investigated the relationship between RVEF measured by radionuclide angiography and the echocardiographic parameters that are recommended by the American Society of Echocardiography as representative of right heart function...
May 19, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526014/the-use-of-lipid-lowering-therapy-and-effects-of-antihyperglycaemic-therapy-on-lipids-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-with-or-without-cardiovascular-disease-a-pooled-analysis-of-data-from-eleven-randomized-trials-with-insulin-glargine-100%C3%A2-u-ml
#20
Markolf Hanefeld, Louise Traylor, Ling Gao, Wolfgang Landgraf
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidaemia is a major contributor to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study aimed to characterize the extent of lipid-lowering therapy use and its impact on lipid and glycaemic outcomes in people with T2D uncontrolled on oral agents who were enrolled in insulin glargine 100 units/mL (Gla-100) randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A post hoc patient-level pooled analysis of eleven RCTs (≥24 weeks' duration) comparing Gla-100 (±oral antidiabetes drugs [OADs]) with OADs alone in people with T2D was performed...
May 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
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