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American Heart Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087467/positive-childhood-experiences-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-midlife-associations-and-mediators
#1
Natalie Slopen, Ying Chen, Jennifer L Guida, Michelle A Albert, David R Williams
In 2010, the American Heart Association introduced a new conceptual framework to encourage a focus on primary prevention and provided a definition for "ideal cardiovascular health". In this study we examined the relationship between positive childhood experience and ideal cardiovascular health in mid-life, and the extent to which education, depression, and social support mediate this association. Data are from participants in the Midlife and Aging in the United States study who completed a clinic-based assessment of health (N=1255, aged 34-84years, 2004-2005)...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079773/pregnancies-after-the-diagnosis-of-mild-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-disorders
#2
Michael W Varner, Madeline Murguia Rice, Mark B Landon, Brian M Casey, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Dwight J Rouse, Alan T N Tita, John M Thorp, Edward K Chien, George R Saade, Alan M Peaceman, Sean C Blackwell, J Peter Vandorsten
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of subsequent pregnancy with subsequent metabolic syndrome and type II diabetes mellitus after a pregnancy complicated by mild gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational follow-up study of women with mild GDM randomized from 2002 to 2007 to usual care or dietary intervention and glucose self-monitoring. Women were evaluated 5-10 years after the parent study. Participants were grouped according to the number of subsequent pregnancies (group A, none [reference]; group B, one; group C, two or greater)...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079556/cardiac-arrest-obstetric-cpr-acls
#3
Benjamin Cobb, Steven Lipman
In contrast with other high-resource countries, maternal mortality has seen an increase in the United States. Caring for pregnant women in cardiac arrest may prove uniquely challenging given the rarity of the event coupled by the physiological changes of pregnancy. Optimization of resuscitative efforts warrants special attention as described in the 2015 American Heart Association's "Scientific Statement on Maternal Cardiac Arrest." Current recommendations address a variety of topics ranging from the basic components of chest compressions and airway management to some of the logistical complexities and operational challenges involved in maternal cardiac arrest...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074747/liraglutide-a-glucagon-like-peptide-1-agonist-for-chronic-weight-management
#4
Kendra R Manigault, Maria Miller Thurston
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg for weight loss. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed using PubMed and MEDLINE from 2000 to 2016. The following key terms were used alone or in combination: glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist, liraglutide, obesity, overweight, and weight loss. Additional supporting literature was identified utilizing the reference lists of the preceding articles. STUDY SELECTION: Analyzed studies were published in English and investigated use of liraglutide and its impact on weight loss...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074545/development-and-testing-of-a-database-of-nih-research-funding-of-aapm-members-a-report-from-aapm-working-group-for-the-development-of-a-research-database-wgdrd
#5
Brendan Whelan, Eduardo Moros, Rebecca Fahrig, James Deye, Thomas Yi, Michael Woodward, Paul Keall, Jeff Siewerdsen
PURPOSE: To produce and maintain a database of National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding of American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) members, to perform a top level analysis of this data, and to make this data (hereafter referred to as the AAPM research database) available for the use of the AAPM and its members. METHODS: NIH funded research dating back to 1985 is available for public download through the NIH exporter website, and AAPM membership information dating back to 2002 was supplied by the AAPM...
January 11, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069248/race-is-associated-with-differences-in-airway-inflammation-in-patients-with-asthma
#6
Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Jerry A Krishnan, Alalia Berry, William J Calhoun, Vernon M Chinchilli, Linda Engle, Nicole Grossman, Fernando Holguin, Elliot Israel, Rick A Kittles, Monica Kraft, Stephen C Lazarus, Erik B Lehman, David T Mauger, James N Moy, Stephen P Peters, Wanda Phipatanakul, Lewis J Smith, Kaharu Sumino, Stanley J Szefler, Michael E Wechsler, Sally Wenzel, Steven R White, Steven J Ackerman
BACKGROUND: African American subjects have a greater burden from asthma compared with white subjects. Whether the pattern of airway inflammation differs between African American and white subjects is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare sputum airway inflammatory phenotypes of African American and white subjects treated or not with inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs; ICS+ and ICS-, respectively). METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of self-identified African American and white subjects with asthma enrolled in clinical trials conducted by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored Asthma Clinical Research Network and AsthmaNet...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063813/assessment-of-vascular-function-in-low-socioeconomic-status-preschool-children-a-pilot-study
#7
Lama Ghazi, Tanja Dudenbostel, Daisy Xing, Deborah Ejem, Anne Turner-Henson, Cynthia Irwin Joiner, Olivia Affuso, Andres Azuero, Suzanne Oparil, David A Calhoun, Marti Rice, Fadi G Hage
Elevated brachial blood pressure (BP) in childhood tracks into adulthood. Central BP and measures of arterial stiffness, such as aortic augmentation index (AIx) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), have been associated with future cardiovascular disease. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of noninvasively measuring these parameters in preschool children and explored factors that may be associated with elevated BP in this age group. Brachial BP was measured using an electronic oscillometric unit (Dinamap PRO 100) and defined as elevated when systolic BP (SBP) and/or diastolic BP (DBP) was ≥ the 90th percentile for age, gender, and height...
December 24, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063670/alarming-trends-in-ideal-cardiovascular-health-among-children-and-adolescents-in-beijing-china-2004-to-2014
#8
Hongbo Dong, Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Guimin Huang, Shengxu Li, Youfa Wang, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association's 2020 Strategic Goals have defined a new concept of cardiovascular health for adults and children, emphasizing the importance of primordial prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, detailed data on the trends of ideal cardiovascular health in Chinese children and adolescents are sparse. METHODS: A total of 5596 children and adolescents (aged 6-18years) were selected from two cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2004 and 2014, respectively...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063097/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-liver-enzyme-levels-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#9
Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz, Inge Huybrechts, Francisco B Ortega, Manuel Castillo, Michael Sjöstrom, Marcela González-Gross, Yannis Manios, Kurt Widhalm, Anthony Kafatos, Christina Breidenassel, Gerardo Rodríguez, Jean Dallongeville, Frédéric Gottrand, Luis A Moreno
There is an increasing interest for the role of liver enzymes as predictors of non-liver-related morbidity and mortality. The American Heart Association (AHA) described the ideal cardiovascular health concept as a score of seven cardiovascular health behaviors and factors that can be used to monitor and predict ideal cardiovascular health over time. This study aimed to examine the association of the ideal cardiovascular health (ICH), as defined by the AHA, with liver enzyme levels in European adolescents. A total of 637 adolescents (54...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061997/evaluation-of-the-pooled-cohort-equations-for-prediction-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-a-contemporary-prospective-cohort
#10
Connor A Emdin, Amit V Khera, Pradeep Natarajan, Derek Klarin, Usman Baber, Roxana Mehran, Daniel J Rader, Valentin Fuster, Sekar Kathiresan
Most guidelines suggest a baseline risk assessment to guide atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) prevention strategies. The American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Pooled Cohort Equations (PCEs) is one tool to assess baseline risk; however, the accuracy of this tool has been called into question. We aimed to examine the calibration and discrimination of the PCEs in the BioImage study, a contemporary multiethnic cohort of asymptomatic adults enrolled from 2008 to 2009 in the Humana Health System in Chicago, Illinois, and Fort Lauderdale, Florida...
December 18, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060547/the-safety-of-sacubitril-valsartan-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-heart-failure
#11
Jeffrey M Tyler, John R Teerlink
Sacubitril-valsartan is a combination drug that contains the neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril and angiotensin II receptor blocker valsartan. In 2015, the US Food and Drug Administration approved sacubitril-valsartan for treatment of heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction and New York Heart Association class II-IV symptoms following a large, Phase III clinical trial (PARADIGM-HF) that demonstrated a 20% reduction in the combined primary end-point of death from cardiovascular cause or hospitalization for heart failure compared to enalapril...
January 6, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060219/multicenter-study-of-adverse-events-after-intravenous-tissue-type-plasminogen-activator-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#12
Hannah Fernandez-Gotico, Tiffany Lightfoot, Melissa Meighan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The approved treatment by the Food and Drug Administration for acute ischemic stroke is intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator (IV tPA). After IV tPA administration, patients are monitored for adverse events using an American Heart Association/American Stroke Association guideline instituted in 1996. There is limited evidence describing the safest and most efficient method to monitor patients during the first 24 hours after tPA administration. Although the overall rates of adverse events have been reported, the time when patients may be at most risk for an event has not been studied...
February 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059603/retention-of-basic-life-support-in-laypeople-mastery-learning-vs-time-based-education
#13
Sylvain Boet, M Dylan Bould, Ashlee-Ann Pigford, Bernhard Rössler, Pratheeban Nambyiah, Qi Li, Alexandra Bunting, Karl Schebesta
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a mastery learning (ML) versus a time-based (TB) BLS course for the acquisition and retention of BLS knowledge and skills in laypeople. METHODS: After ethics approval, laypeople were randomized to a ML or TB BLS course based on the American Heart Association (AHA) Heartsaver course. In the ML group, subjects practiced and received feedback at six BLS stations until they reached a pre-determined level of performance. The TB group received a standard AHA six-station BLS course...
January 6, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058813/outcomes-of-a-multi-community-hypertension-implementation-study-the-american-heart-association-s-check-change-control-program
#14
Monique L Anderson, Rachel Peragallo Urrutia, Emily C O'Brien, Nancy M Allen LaPointe, Alexander J Christian, Lisa A Kaltenbach, Laura E Webb, Angel M Alexander, Paramita Saha Chaudhuri, Juliana Crawford, Patrick Wayte, Eric D Peterson
: Single-site, intensive, community-based blood pressure (BP) intervention programs have led to BP improvements. The authors examined the American Heart Association's Check. Change. CONTROL: (CCC) program (4069 patients/18 cities) to determine whether BP interventions can effectively be scaled to multiple communities, using a simplified template and local customization. Effectiveness was evaluated at each site via site percent enrollment goals, participant engagement, and BP change from first to last measurement...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058532/comparison-of-definitions-for-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#15
Tine Vanlancker, Emmily Schaubroeck, Krishna Vyncke, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Christina Breidenassel, Marcela González-Gross, Frederic Gottrand, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Denes Molnár, Yannis Manios, Marc J Gunter, Kurt Widhalm, Catherine Leclercq, Jean Dallongeville, Marcos Ascensión, Anthony Kafatos, Manuel J Castillo, Stefaan De Henauw, Francisco B Ortega, Inge Huybrechts
: Various definitions are used to define metabolic syndrome in adolescents. This study aimed to compare, in terms of prevalence and differences, five frequently used definitions for this population: International Diabetes Federation, National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP) modified by Cook, pediatric American Heart Association (AHA), World Health Organization, and Jolliffe and Janssen. A sample of 1004 adolescents (12.5-17.0 years) from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study was considered...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056255/-the-precision-surgical-treatment-strategies-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-under-the-guidance-of-the-who-new-classification
#16
F Yang, H Li, J Wang
The 2015 WHO Classification of Tumors of the Lung, Pleura, Thymus and Heart has just been published recently. In this newly classification, WHO almost completely accepted the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society International Multidisciplinary Classification of Lung Adenocarcinoma. A lot of high-quality studies in the past five years have demonstrated important guiding significance of the newly classification in surgical treatment of adenocarcinoma...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045306/examining-the-association-between-perceived-discrimination-and-heart-rate-variability-in-african-americans
#17
LaBarron K Hill, Lori S Hoggard, Ashley S Richmond, DeLeon L Gray, Dewayne P Williams, Julian F Thayer
OBJECTIVE: Previous research attempting to delineate the role of discrimination in racial/ethnic disparities in hypertension has focused largely on blood pressure, which is chiefly governed by the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system. Consequently, few studies have considered the role of the parasympathetic branch and particularly its regulation of the heart via the vagus nerve. METHOD: In the present cross-sectional study, we employed hierarchical linear regressions to examine associations between perceived ethnic discrimination and resting heart rate variability (HRV), an important biomarker of parasympathetic cardiac modulation and overall health, in a sample (N = 103) of young, healthy African American participants (58% female, Mage = 19...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043659/ideal-cardiovascular-health-is-associated-with-self-rated-health-status-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#18
Marta Manczuk, Georgeta Vaidean, Mahshid Dehghan, Rajesh Vedanthan, Paolo Boffetta, Witold A Zatonski
BACKGROUND: The concept of ideal cardiovascular health emphasizes a more integrative definition of health to include protective biological factors and behaviors but it has not been investigated in relation to individuals' perspectives on their own health. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data of 10,687 participants, age 45-64years, free of cardiovascular diseases. Ideal cardiovascular health was defined according to the American Heart Association criteria (7 metrics assessed at 3 levels: ideal, intermediate, and poor)...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042262/dentists-knowledge-and-practice-regarding-prevention-of-infective-endocarditis
#19
Soukaina Ryalat, Yazan Hassona, Mohammad Al-Shayyab, Mais Abo-Ghosh, Faleh Sawair
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of dentists from Jordan, regarding prevention of infective endocarditis (IE) in dental practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of Jordanian dentists was interviewed regarding their IE knowledge and practice using a validated and pretested survey instrument. RESULTS: Most of the dentists have encountered a patient with IE who needed prophylactic antibiotic (PA) and have prescribed antibiotics to prevent IE...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040279/ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-childhood-longitudinal-associations-with-cardiac-structure-and-function-the-special-turku-coronary-risk-factor-intervention-project-strip-and-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study-yfs
#20
Tomi T Laitinen, Saku Ruohonen, Markus Juonala, Costan G Magnussen, Vera Mikkilä, Hanna Mikola, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tomi Laitinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Eero Jokinen, Harri Niinikoski, Antti Jula, Jorma S A Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Olli T Raitakari, Katja Pahkala
BACKGROUND: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), defined by the American Heart Association, is associated with incident cardiovascular disease in adults. However, association of the ideal CVH in childhood with current and future cardiac structure and function has not been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: The sample comprised 827 children participating in the longitudinal Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) and The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS)...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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