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American Heart Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446526/impact-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-and-prehypertensive-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#1
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Heiner Boeing
INTRODUCTION: Lifestyle modification is one of the cornerstones in the management of hypertension. According to the most recent guidelines by the American Heart Association, all patients with hypertension should adopt the following dietary advices: increased consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products and sodium reduction. The aim of the present study is to assess the efficacy of different dietary approaches on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with hypertension and high normal blood pressure in a systematic review including a pairwise and network meta-analysis of randomised trials...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446515/role-of-biomarkers-for-the-prevention-assessment-and-management-of-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#2
REVIEW
Sheryl L Chow, Alan S Maisel, Inder Anand, Biykem Bozkurt, Rudolf A de Boer, G Michael Felker, Gregg C Fonarow, Barry Greenberg, James L Januzzi, Michael S Kiernan, Peter P Liu, Thomas J Wang, Clyde W Yancy, Michael R Zile
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Natriuretic peptides have led the way as a diagnostic and prognostic tool for the diagnosis and management of heart failure (HF). More recent evidence suggests that natriuretic peptides along with the next generation of biomarkers may provide added value to medical management, which could potentially lower risk of mortality and readmissions. The purpose of this scientific statement is to summarize the existing literature and to provide guidance for the utility of currently available biomarkers...
April 26, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444168/mechanical-versus-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve-replacement
#3
Stuart J Head, Mevlüt Çelik, A Pieter Kappetein
Mechanical valves used for aortic valve replacement (AVR) continue to be associated with bleeding risks because of anticoagulation therapy, while bioprosthetic valves are at risk of structural valve deterioration requiring reoperation. This risk/benefit ratio of mechanical and bioprosthetic valves has led American and European guidelines on valvular heart disease to be consistent in recommending the use of mechanical prostheses in patients younger than 60 years of age. Despite these recommendations, the use of bioprosthetic valves has significantly increased over the last decades in all age groups...
April 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443676/pre-operative-nomograms-for-predicting-renal-function-at-1-year-after-partial-nephrectomy
#4
Cheuk Fan Shum, Clinton D Bahler, Clint Cary, Timothy A Masterson, Ronald S Boris, Thomas A Gardner, Hristos Z Kaimakliotis, Rick Foster, Richard Bihrle, Michael Koch, James E Slaven, Chandru P Sundaram
INTRODUCTION: Partial nephrectomy (PN) reduces the risk of post-operative chronic renal insufficiency (CRI). However, some patients still develop CRI after PN, and may eventually require dialysis. Being able to predict renal function before PN helps in counseling patients and managing expectations. We aimed to construct nomograms that predict estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), defined by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formulae, at one year after PN, using only pre-operative covariates as predictors...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442930/thoracic-epidural-analgesia-reduces-myocardial-injury-in-ischemic-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-cancer-surgery
#5
Mohamad Farouk Mohamad, Montaser A Mohammad, Diab F Hetta, Eman Hasan Ahmed, Ahmed A Obiedallah, Alaa Ali M Elzohry
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Major abdominal cancer surgeries are associated with significant perioperative mortality and morbidity due to myocardial ischemia and infarction. This study examined the effect of perioperative patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) on occurrence of ischemic cardiac injury in ischemic patients undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists grade II and III) of either sex were scheduled for elective upper gastrointestinal cancer surgeries...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439891/the-new-era-of-chelation-treatments-effectiveness-and-safety-of-10-different-regimens-for-controlling-iron-overloading-in-thalassaemia-major
#6
REVIEW
Rosario Di Maggio, Aurelio Maggio
This review outlines the effectiveness and safety of 10 different regimens for controlling iron overloading in thalassaemia major (TM). For each treatment, the strength of the evidence was documented according to the guidelines of the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. Serum ferritin (SF), liver iron concentration (LIC), heart T2* signal, heart damage and survival were used to assess effectiveness. Five chelation regimens out of 10 showed Level A Evidence in controlling iron overloading, as determined by SF levels and LIC...
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438733/use-and-customization-of-risk-scores-for-predicting-cardiovascular-events-using-electronic-health-record-data
#7
Julian Wolfson, David M Vock, Sunayan Bandyopadhyay, Thomas Kottke, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Paul Johnson, Gediminas Adomavicius, Patrick J O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Clinicians who are using the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) or the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Pooled Cohort Equations (PCE) to estimate risk for their patients based on electronic health data (EHD) face 4 questions. (1) Do published risk scores applied to EHD yield accurate estimates of cardiovascular risk? (2) Are FRS risk estimates, which are based on data that are up to 45 years old, valid for a contemporary patient population seeking routine care? (3) Do the PCE make the FRS obsolete? (4) Does refitting the risk score using EHD improve the accuracy of risk estimates? METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were extracted from the EHD of 84 116 adults aged 40 to 79 years who received care at a large healthcare delivery and insurance organization between 2001 and 2011...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438106/interprofessional-education-and-social-interaction-the-use-of-automated-external-defibrillators-in-team-based-basic-life-support
#8
Arif Onan, Nurettin Simsek
Automated external defibrillators are pervasive computing devices designed for the treatment and management of acute sudden cardiac arrest. This study aims to explain users' actual use behavior in teams formed by different professions taken after a short time span of interaction with automated external defibrillator. Before the intervention, all the participants were certified with the American Heart Association Basic Life Support for healthcare providers. A statistically significant difference was revealed in mean individual automated external defibrillator technical skills between uniprofessional and interprofessional groups...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#9
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436207/racial-differences-in-the-association-between-heart-rate-variability-and-left-ventricular-mass
#10
LaBarron K Hill, Lana L Watkins, Alan L Hinderliter, James A Blumenthal, Andrew Sherwood
PURPOSE: Increased left ventricular mass (LVM) is an early precursor of target organ damage due to hypertension. Diminished parasympathetic cardiac control has been linked to both hypertension onset and left ventricular impairment; however, emerging evidence suggests that this pattern may be different in African Americans. The present study sought to determine if race impacts the relationship between parasympathetic cardiac control and LVM. METHODS: LVM was assessed via echocardiography in a sample (N = 148) of African American and White adults (Mean age = 33...
April 24, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435854/a-clinical-trial-simulation-evaluating-epinephrine-pharmacokinetics-at-various-dosing-frequencies-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#11
Andy R Eugene
OBJECTIVE: This article seeks to test the hypothesis that repeated 1mg intravenous epinephrine dosing intervals of 3-minutes and 5-minutes results in differences in the total drug exposure and the maximum epinephrine concentration using simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) dosing. METHODS: Published population pharmacokinetic parameters were identified in the literature and pharmacokinetic dosing simulations were conducted according to the 2015 American Heart Association guidelines for CPR in adults...
June 2016: MEDtube Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435494/the-efficacy-of-lucas-in-prehospital-cardiac-arrest-scenarios-a-crossover-mannequin-study
#12
Robert A Gyory, Scott E Buchle, David Rodgers, Jeffrey S Lubin
INTRODUCTION: High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is critical for successful cardiac arrest outcomes. Mechanical devices may improve CPR quality. We simulated a prehospital cardiac arrest, including patient transport, and compared the performance of the LUCAS™ device, a mechanical chest compression-decompression system, to manual CPR. We hypothesized that because of the movement involved in transporting the patient, LUCAS would provide chest compressions more consistent with high-quality CPR guidelines...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433449/diabetes-depressive-symptoms-and-functional-disability-in-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#13
Rita Rastogi Kalyani, Nan Ji, Mercedes Carnethon, Alain G Bertoni, Elizabeth Selvin, Edward W Gregg, Mario Sims, Sherita Hill Golden
AIMS: To investigate the degree to which comorbid depression contributes to the relationship of diabetes with functional disability in African Americans (AAs), a population at high-risk for complications. METHODS: We examined 2989 African Americans (AAs) in the Jackson Heart Study who had diabetes and depressive symptoms (CES-D) assessed at baseline. Overall functional disability was defined as the inability to perform at least one task of daily living. Multivariable logistic regression models explored the association of diabetes and depressive symptoms with functional disability...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431064/is-mortality-a-useful-parameter-for-public-reporting-in-pacemaker-implantation-results-of-an-obligatory-external-quality-control-programme
#14
Bernd Nowak, Björn Misselwitz, Oliver Przibille, Rajendra H Mehta
Aims: To evaluate if public reporting of pacemaker implantation-associated mortality is meaningful in a large contemporary patient cohort. Methods and Results: The database of the obligatory external quality control programme in the Federal State of Hessen, Germany, of patients undergoing permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation was evaluated retrospectively. We compared the baseline features of patients who died compared with those who did not during hospitalization after PPM...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430921/association-between-cardiovascular-health-and-endothelial-function-with-future-erectile-dysfunction-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#15
Abbi D Lane-Cordova, Kiarri Kershaw, Kiang Liu, David Herrington, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
BACKGROUND: The association of Cardiovascular Health (CVH; defined by the American Heart Association by assigning points for health-related behavioral and clinical factors) with endothelial and erectile dysfunction has not been reported, although endothelial and erectile dysfunction have been associated with components of CVH. METHODS: Data were collected in 1,136 men in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis at baseline and erectile dysfunction status (measured by survey or medication use) at exam 5...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428231/thresholds-for-ambulatory-blood-pressure-among-african-americans-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#16
Joseph E Ravenell, Daichi Shimbo, John N Booth, Daniel F Sarpong, Charles Agyemang, Danielle L Beatty Moody, Marwah Abdalla, Tanya M Spruill, Amanda J Shallcross, Adam P Bress, Paul Muntner, Gbenga Ogedegbe
Background -Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) is the reference standard for out-of-clinic BP measurement. Thresholds for identifying ambulatory hypertension (daytime systolic BP [SBP]/diastolic BP [DBP] ≥ 135/85 mmHg, 24-hour SBP/DBP ≥ 130/80 mmHg, and nighttime SBP/DBP ≥ 120/70 mmHg) have been derived from European, Asian and South American populations. We determined BP thresholds for ambulatory hypertension in a US population-based sample of African Americans. Methods -We analyzed data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS), a population-based cohort study comprised exclusively of African-American adults (n=5,306)...
April 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427339/cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-chinese-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-with-advanced-hiv-disease
#17
Fuping Guo, Evelyn Hsieh, Wei Lv, Yang Han, Jing Xie, Yanling Li, Xiaojing Song, Taisheng Li
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients, however little is known about the burden of CVD among this population in Asia. We sought to quantify prevalence of CVD risk factors, 10-year CVD risk, and patterns of CVD risk factor treatment in a group of individuals with HIV in China. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed baseline data from treatment-naïve HIV-infected adults enrolled in two multicenter clinical trials in China...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426694/prediction-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-using-a-set-of-risk-factors-from-pooled-cohort-risk-equations
#18
Zefeng Zhang, Cathleen Gillespie, Barbara Bowman, Quanhe Yang
The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association developed Pooled Cohort equations to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. It is unclear how well the equations predict ASCVD mortality in a nationally representative cohort. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 and Linked Mortality through 2006 (n = 6,644). Among participants aged 40-79 years without ASCVD at baseline, we used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the 10-year probability of ASCVD death by sex and race-ethnicity (non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB) and Mexican American (MA))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425226/a-review-of-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-with-new-guidelines
#19
Serdar Kula, Ayhan Pektaş
This study aims to review pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) by comparing the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Heart Association (AHA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN). All three sets of guidelines define PH as having a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mmHg and accept the validity of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Every child with a high index of suspicion for PH should undergo an initial work-up of chest X-rays, electrocardiography, and echocardiography...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424192/sodium-sugar-and-fat-content-of-complementary-infant-and-toddler-foods-sold-in-the-united-states-2015
#20
Joyce Maalouf, Mary E Cogswell, Marlana Bates, Keming Yuan, Kelley S Scanlon, Pamela Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Robert K Merritt
Background: As part of a healthy diet, limiting intakes of excess sodium, added sugars, saturated fat, and trans fat has been recommended. The American Heart Association recommends that children aged <2 y should avoid added sugars.Objective: We sought to determine commercial complementary infant-toddler food categories that were of potential concern because of the sodium, added sugar, saturated fat, or trans fat content.Design: Nutrition label information (e.g., serving size, sodium, saturated fat, trans fat) for 1032 infant and toddler foods was collected from manufacturers' websites and stores from May to July 2015 for 24 brands, which accounted for >95% of infant-toddler food sales...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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