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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646784/premenstrual-mood-and-empathy-after-a-single-light-therapy-session
#1
Marije Aan Het Rot, Kristina Miloserdov, Anna L F Buijze, Ybe Meesters, Marijke C M Gordijn
To examine whether acute changes in cognitive empathy might mediate the impact of light therapy on mood, we assessed the effects of a single light-therapy session on mood and cognitive empathy in 48 premenstrual women, including 17 who met Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool criteria for moderate-to-severe premenstrual syndrome / premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMS/PMDD). Using a participant-blind between-groups design, 23 women underwent 30min of morning light therapy (5,000lx; blue-enriched polychromatic light, 17,000K) while 25 women had a sham session (200lx, polychromatic light, 5,000K)...
June 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639535/corrigendum
#2
(no author information available yet)
Cawley N, Tur C, Prados F, et al. Spinal cord atrophy as a primary outcome measure in phase II trials of progressive multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. Epub ahead of print 18 May 2017. DOI: 10.1177/1352458517709954. On page 9 of this article, the Declaration of Conflicting Interests and Funding statements were incorrect. The correct declarations are shown below. Declaration of Conflicting Interests The author(s) declared the following potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship and/or publication of this article: A...
June 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633582/dopamine-and-light-effects-on-facial-emotion-recognition
#3
Elizabeth Cawley, Maria Tippler, Nicholas J Coupland, Chawki Benkelfat, Diane B Boivin, Marije Aan Het Rot, Marco Leyton
Bright light can affect mood states and social behaviours. Here, we tested potential interacting effects of light and dopamine on facial emotion recognition. Participants were 32 women with subsyndromal seasonal affective disorder tested in either a bright (3000 lux) or dim light (10 lux) environment. Each participant completed two test days, one following the ingestion of a phenylalanine/tyrosine-deficient mixture and one with a nutritionally balanced control mixture, both administered double blind in a randomised order...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629403/factors-influencing-professional-life-satisfaction-among-neurologists
#4
Stephanie M Teixeira-Poit, Michael T Halpern, Heather L Kane, Michael Keating, Murrey Olmsted
BACKGROUND: Predicted shortages in the supply of neurologists may limit patients' access to and quality of care for neurological disorders. Retaining neurologists already in practice provides one opportunity to support the overall supply of practicing neurologists. Understanding factors associated with professional life satisfaction (and dissatisfaction) and implementing policies to enhance satisfaction may encourage neurologists to remain in clinical practice. In this paper, we present results from the first study examining factors associated with professional life satisfaction among a large sample of U...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613370/-delayed-diagnosis-of-huntington-s-disease-in-a-psychiatric-setting
#5
L M Tak, B Sizoo, B M Aan de Stegge, S Adema, E van Duijn, B Kremer
Huntington's disease (hd) is characterised by a triad of neuropsychiatric symptoms, motor disturbances and cognitive decline. If initial symptoms are of neuropsychiatric nature they maybe misinterpreted, which can lead to delayed diagnosis. Three examples of delayed hd diagnosis in a psychiatric setting are discussed.
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578325/survey-of-techniques-utilized-to-access-ventricular-shunts-and-reservoirs
#6
Claudia I Martinez, Stephen Fletcher, Manish N Shah, Marcia L Kerr, David I Sandberg
AIMS: This study assessed variations in pediatric neurosurgical technique when accessing shunts and ventricular access devices (VADs). METHODS: A 12-question survey was developed and sent to members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) whose self-identified subspecialty was pediatric neurosurgery. RESULTS: Four hundred and twenty surveys were sent out, and 149 responses were received (35.5% response rate); 95.3% of respondents always use sterile gloves, 55...
June 3, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566167/in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-of-meissner-s-corpuscles-in-diabetic-distal-symmetric-polyneuropathy
#7
Peter D Creigh, Michael P McDermott, Janet E Sowden, Michele Ferguson, David N Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in-vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) of Meissner's corpuscles (MC) in diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP). METHODS: Forty-three adults with diabetes and 21 control subjects underwent RCM of MC density at the fingertip of digit V, thenar eminence (TE), and arch of the foot, ankle skin biopsy for epidermal nerve fiber density (ENFD), electrophysiological studies, monofilament threshold testing, and timed vibration at the toe...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548107/current-controversies-in-brain-death-determination
#8
REVIEW
Ariane Lewis, David Greer
Although the concept of brain death is accepted by the majority of physicians, lawyers, ethicists and society at large, controversies about determination of death by neurological criteria persist, and often reach the public eye. In this article, we examine four prominent controversial brain death cases from 2013-2016. We review current controversies, including protocol variability, recognition of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) criteria for brain death as an accepted medical standard, and management of objections to discontinuation of organ support after determination of brain death...
May 26, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543755/comparison-of-two-formulations-of-topical-timolol-for-the-treatment-of-infantile-hemangiomas
#9
Michelle Si Ying Ng, Yong-Kwang Tay, Shanna Shan-Yi Ng, Alice Yee Wah Foong, Mark Jean-Aan Koh
This report compares the efficacy of timolol maleate 0.5% eyedrops (TM) with that of timolol maleate 0.5% ophthalmic gel-forming solution in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IHs). Sixty-six patients undergoing treatment with topical timolol were retrospectively reviewed; our results revealed similar therapeutic efficacies for both types of timolol formulations. Early treatment initiation (<3 mos) and superficial lesions correlated with better treatment response. TM eyedrops may be a more cost effective, equally efficacious modality of treatment for IHs...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542233/is-survival-improved-by-the-use-of-niv-and-peg-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-a-post-mortem-study-of-80-als-patients
#10
Christian Burkhardt, Christoph Neuwirth, Andreas Sommacal, Peter M Andersen, Markus Weber
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and percutaneous gastrostomy (PEG) are guideline-recommended interventions for symptom management in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Their effect on survival is controversial and the impact on causes of death is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of NIV and PEG on survival and causes of death in ALS patients. METHODS: Eighty deceased ALS patients underwent a complete post mortem analysis for causes of death between 2003 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529766/genome-wide-profiling-of-dna-5-hydroxymethylcytosine-during-rat-sertoli-cell-maturation
#11
Miriam Landfors, Jostein Johansen, Jan Magnus Aronsen, Cathrine Broberg Vågbø, Louis C Doré, Chuan He, Ivar Sjaastad, Pål Sætrom, Péter Fedorcsák, John Arne Dahl, Håvard Aanes, Markus Fußer, Arne Klungland
Sertoli cells have dual roles during the cells' lifetime. In the juvenile mammal, Sertoli cells proliferate and create the structure of the testis, and during puberty they cease to proliferate and take on the adult role of supporting germ cells through spermatogenesis. Accordingly, many genes expressed in Sertoli cells during testis formation are repressed during spermatogenesis. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is a DNA modification enzymatically generated from 5mC and present in all investigated mammalian tissues at varying levels...
2017: Cell Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524788/state-of-global-pediatric-neurosurgery-outreach-survey-by-the-international-education-subcommittee
#12
Matthew C Davis, Brandon G Rocque, Ash Singhal, Thomas Ridder, Jogi V Pattisapu, James M Johnston
OBJECTIVE Neurosurgical services are increasingly recognized as essential components of surgical care worldwide. The degree of interest among neurosurgeons regarding international work, and the barriers to involvement in global neurosurgical outreach, are largely unexplored. The authors distributed a survey to members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (AANS/CNS) Joint Section on Pediatric Neurosurgery to assess the state of global outreach among its members and to identify barriers to involvement...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524172/in-the-news-clinical-trials-excite-at-aan-2017
#13
Charlotte Ridler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521026/tracking-career-paths-of-women-in-neurosurgery
#14
Jaclyn J Renfrow, Analiz Rodriguez, Taylor A Wilson, Isabelle M Germano, Aviva Abosch, Stacey Quintero Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Women represent a growing cohort of US neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To describe postresidency fellowship, practice environment, and updated academic rank among female neurosurgeons. METHODS: Databases from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) and the American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS) from 1964 to 2013 were reviewed for female neurosurgery residency graduates. Data on postresidency fellowships, practice environment (private vs academic), academic rank, board certification, and AANS/CNS (Congress of Neurological Surgeons) Joint Section on Women in Neurosurgery (WINS) membership were collected in 2016...
May 16, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504581/bacillus-coagulans-gbi-30-6086-increases-plant-protein-digestion-in-a-dynamic-computer-controlled-in-vitro-model-of-the-small-intestine-tim-1
#15
D Keller, R Van Dinter, H Cash, S Farmer, K Venema
The aim of this study was to assess the potential of the probiotic Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 [GanedenBC(30)] (BC30) to aid in protein digestion of alimentary plant proteins. To test this, three plant proteins, from pea, soy and rice, were digested in a validated in vitro model of the stomach and small intestine (TIM-1) in the absence and in the presence of BC30. Samples were taken from the TIM-1 fractions that mimic uptake of amino acids by the host and analysed for α-amino nitrogen (AAN) and total nitrogen (TN)...
May 15, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501882/-caries-in-deprived-areas-2-youngsters
#16
G H W Verrips, J H Vermaire, C M H H van Houtem, C P F van Kempen, A A Schuller
In the Netherlands, no epidemiologic data on the oral health of cultural groups of children and adolescents living in deprived areas are available. The aim of the present study was to obtain an impression of the amount of caries experience among poorly educated groups of youngsters in deprived areas, in comparison with a reference group of poorly educated youngsters from the cities of Alphen aan den Rijn, Gouda, 's-Hertogenbosch and Breda. 725 Poorly educated respondents participated in a clinical and sociological study...
May 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477152/revisiting-grade-3-diffuse-axonal-injury-not-all-brainstem-microbleeds-are-prognostically-equal
#17
Saef Izzy, Nicole L Mazwi, Sergi Martinez, Camille A Spencer, Joshua P Klein, Gunjan Parikh, Mel B Glenn, Steven M Greenberg, David M Greer, Ona Wu, Brian L Edlow
BACKGROUND: Recovery of functional independence is possible in patients with brainstem traumatic axonal injury (TAI), also referred to as "grade 3 diffuse axonal injury," but acute prognostic biomarkers are lacking. We hypothesized that the extent of dorsal brainstem TAI measured by burden of traumatic microbleeds (TMBs) correlates with 1-year functional outcome more strongly than does ventral brainstem, corpus callosal, or global brain TMB burden. Further, we hypothesized that TMBs within brainstem nuclei of the ascending arousal network (AAN) correlate with 1-year outcome...
May 5, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443430/around-the-world
#18
(no author information available yet)
1 10th Dutch North Sea Emergency Medicine Conference 7-9 June, Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands tinyurl.com/10th-dutch-EM.
April 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436084/defining-significant-weight-loss-in-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#19
K Jean Forney, Tiffany A Brown, Lauren A Holland-Carter, Grace A Kennedy, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) is defined by the symptoms of anorexia nervosa in the presence of "significant weight loss" in individuals who are not underweight. Description of current weight in AAN has been limited, significant weight loss has not been defined, and the distinction between having AAN versus having weight suppression has not been examined. METHOD: Secondary analyses were conducted with data from an epidemiological study of women (n = 1,640) and men (n = 794)...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435320/identification-prevalence-and-treatment-of-painful-diabetic-neuropathy-in-patients-from-a-rural-area-in-south-carolina
#20
Jimmy Pruitt, Carolina Moracho-Vilrriales, Tiffaney Threatt, Sarah Wagner, Jun Wu, E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) represents significant burdens to many patients and the public health-care system. Patients with diabetes in rural areas have higher risk of developing complications and having less access to proper treatment. We studied a rural population of patients with diabetes who attended a pharmacist-led free clinic for a diabetic education program. Our objectives were to 1) determine the prevalence of DPN and painful diabetic neuropathy (p-DN) in patients with type 2 diabetes; 2) assess the proportion of patients with DPN and p-DN left undocumented upon physician referral to a pharmacist-led free clinic; and 3) determine the appropriateness of pain medication regimen...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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