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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667151/ethical-and-legal-concerns-with-nevada-s-brain-death-amendments
#1
Greg Yanke, Mohamed Y Rady, Joseph L Verheijde
In early 2017, Nevada amended its Uniform Determination of Death Act (UDDA), in order to clarify the neurologic criteria for the determination of death. The amendments stipulate that a determination of death is a clinical decision that does not require familial consent and that the appropriate standard for determining neurologic death is the American Academy of Neurology's (AAN) guidelines. Once a physician makes such a determination of death, the Nevada amendments require the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment within twenty-four hours with limited exceptions...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660949/concussion-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system-an-introduction-to-the-field-and-the-results-of-a-systematic-review
#2
Jon L Pertab, Tricia L Merkley, Alex J Cramond, Kelly Cramond, Holly Paxton, Trevor Wu
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that autonomic nervous dysfunction may be one of many potential factors contributing to persisting post-concussion symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This is the first systematic review to explore the impact of concussion on multiple aspects of autonomic nervous system functioning. METHODS: The methods employed are in compliance with the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and PRISMA standards. Embase, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and Science Citation Index literature searches were performed using relevant indexing terms for articles published prior to the end of December 2016...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625799/impact-of-stroke-call-on-the-stroke-neurology-workforce-in-the-united-states-possible-challenges-and-opportunities
#3
Edgar J Kenton, Antonio Culebras, Pierre B Fayad, Larry B Goldstein, Brian Kaskie, Enrique C Leira, Helmi L Lutsep, Lawrence R Wechsler, José Biller, Irene L Katzan, James C Stevens, David Z Wang, Nellie Adams, Carolyn Cahill
BACKGROUND: The Stroke & Vascular Neurology Section of the American Academy of Neurology was charged to identify challenges to the recruitment and retention of stroke neurologists and to make recommendations to address any identified problems. The Section initiated this effort by determining the impact of stroke on-call requirements as a barrier to the recruitment and retention of vascular neurologists. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of a sample of US Neurologists providing acute stroke care...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611874/intra-and-interindividual-variability-in-the-behavioral-affective-and-perceptual-effects-of-alcohol-consumption-in-a-social-context
#4
Minita Franzen, Gentiana Sadikaj, Debbie S Moskowitz, Brian D Ostafin, Marije Aan Het Rot
BACKGROUND: We examined the influence of interindividual differences in alcohol use on the intraindividual associations of drinking occurrence with interpersonal behaviors, affect, and perceptions of others during naturally occurring social interactions. METHODS: For 14 consecutive days, 219 psychology freshmen (55% female; Mage  = 20.7 years, SD = 2.18) recorded their behaviors, affect, and perceptions in social interactions soon after an interpersonal event occurred...
April 3, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606079/oral-presentations-2018-aans-annual-scientific-meeting
#5
(no author information available yet)
Abstracts of the Oral Presentations 2018 AANS Annual Scientific Meeting.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551056/update-of-aristolochic-acid-nephropathy-in-korea
#6
Tae Hyun Ban, Ji-Won Min, Changhwan Seo, Da Rae Kim, Yu Ho Lee, Byung Ha Chung, Kyung-Hwan Jeong, Jae Wook Lee, Beom Seok Kim, Sang-Ho Lee, Bum Soon Choi, Jin Suk Han, Chul Woo Yang
Background/Aims: The true incidence of aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) is thought to be underestimated because numerous ingredients known or suspected to contain aristolochic acid (AA) are used in traditional medicine in Korea. Methods: We collected data on cases of AAN since 1996 via a database in Korea. We evaluated the year of AAN development, route to obtaining AA-containing herbal medicine, gender, reason for taking AA-containing herbal medicine, clinical manifestations, histological findings, phytochemical analysis, and prognosis of patients with AAN...
March 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521604/oral-presentation-to-publication-publication-rates-of-abstract-presentations-across-two-pediatric-neurosurgical-meetings
#7
Christopher M Bonfield, Rachel Pellegrino, Jillian Berkman, Robert P Naftel, Chevis N Shannon, John C Wellons
OBJECTIVE Both the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons Joint Section on Pediatric Neurological Surgery (AANS/CNS Pediatric Section) and the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ISPN) annual meetings provide a platform for pediatric neurosurgeons to present, discuss, and disseminate current academic research. An ultimate goal of these meetings is to publish presented results in peer-reviewed journals. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the publication rates of oral presentations from the 2009, 2010, and 2011 AANS/CNS Pediatric Section and ISPN annual meetings in peer-reviewed journals...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517273/abstracts-of-the-2018-aans-cns-joint-section-on-disorders-of-the-spine-and-peripheral-nerves-annual-meeting
#8
(no author information available yet)
Abstracts of the 2018 AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting.
March 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517067/approach-to-assessing-and-using-clinical-practice-guidelines
#9
Melissa J Armstrong, Gary S Gronseth
Clinical practice guidelines are produced in ever-increasing numbers by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and other developers, with over 1,000 guidelines currently in the National Guideline Clearinghouse. Knowing when to use guidelines in clinical practice requires neurologists to assess the rigor of published guidelines and understand how guideline recommendations are best applied in individual patient encounters. This review briefly describes guideline definitions and the AAN process for guideline development, outlines key elements for assessing guideline quality, and details a practical approach for incorporating guideline recommendations when partnering with patients in shared decision-making...
February 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492613/a-moderate-dose-of-alcohol-selectively-reduces-empathic-accuracy
#10
Freya Thiel, Brian D Ostafin, Jana R Uppendahl, Lenka J Wichmann, Marco Schlosser, Marije Aan Het Rot
RATIONALE: Drinking alcohol is associated with various interpersonal effects, including effects on cognitive empathy. Empathic accuracy (EA) is a form of cognitive empathy concerned with perceivers' accuracy in inferring a target's thoughts and feelings. The effects of alcohol on EA have not previously been studied. OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of a moderate alcohol dose on EA in social drinkers. METHODS: Fifty-four men with varying levels of hazardous drinking according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) participated in a randomized, double-blind, between-group study...
February 28, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483313/lawful-physician-hastened-death-aan-position-statement
#11
James A Russell, Leon G Epstein, Richard J Bonnie, Robin Conwit, William D Graf, Matthew Kirschen, Julie A Kurek, Daniel G Larriviere, Robert M Pascuzzi, Matthew Rizzo, Justin A Sattin, Zachary Simmons, Lynne Taylor, Amy Tsou, Michael A Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478797/multisociety-consensus-quality-improvement-revised-consensus-statement-for-endovascular-therapy-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-from-the-american-association-of-neurological-surgeons-aans-american-society-of-neuroradiology-asnr-cardiovascular-and-interventional-radiology
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454493/updating-the-recommendations-for-treatment-of-tardive-syndromes-a-systematic-review-of-new-evidence-and-practical-treatment-algorithm
#13
REVIEW
Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Onanong Jitkritsadakul, Joseph H Friedman, Stanley Fahn
BACKGROUND: Management of tardive syndromes (TS) is challenging, with only a few evidence-based therapeutic algorithms reported in the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) guideline in 2013. OBJECTIVE: To update the evidence-based recommendations and provide a practical treatment algorithm for management of TS by addressing 5 questions: 1) Is withdrawal of dopamine receptor blocking agents (DRBAs) an effective TS treatment? 2) Does switching from typical to atypical DRBAs reduce TS symptoms? 3) What is the efficacy of pharmacologic agents in treating TS? 4) Do patients with TS benefit from chemodenervation with botulinum toxin? 5) Do patients with TS benefit from surgical therapy? METHODS: Systematic reviews were conducted by searching PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane for articles published between 2012 and 2017 to identify new evidence published after the 2013 AAN guidelines...
February 5, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413819/caregiver-burden-and-illness-perceptions-in-caregivers-of-medically-hospitalized-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#14
Abigail Matthews, Katrina R Lenz, James Peugh, Emily C Copps, Claire M Peterson
Caregiver burden is common in caregivers of youth with anorexia nervosa (AN) and could impede the successful implementation of family-based therapy (FBT). Thus, it is important to better understand mechanisms by which caregiver burden is developed and maintained. This study aimed to examine the relation between caregiver illness perceptions about AN, symptom severity indicators, and caregiver burden in a sample of medically hospitalized youth with AN. Fifty-one youth with AN (N = 34) or Atypical AN (AAN; N = 17; mean age = 14...
February 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408776/readability-and-quality-of-wikipedia-pages-on-neurosurgical-topics
#15
Omeed Modiri, Daipayan Guha, Naif M Alotaibi, George M Ibrahim, Nir Lipsman, Aria Fallah
OBJECTIVES: Wikipedia is the largest online encyclopedia with over 40 million articles, and generating 500 million visits per month. The aim of this study is to assess the readability and quality of Wikipedia pages on neurosurgical related topics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected the neurosurgical related Wikipedia pages based on the series of online patient information articles that are published by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS). We assessed readability of Wikipedia pages using five different readability scales (Flesch Reading Ease, Flesch Kincaid Grade Level, Gunning Fog Index, SMOG) Grade level, and Coleman-Liau Index)...
March 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408357/evidence-on-botulinum-toxin-in-selected-disorders
#16
Elina Zakin, David Simpson
Botulinum toxin (BoNT) is a neurotoxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum that has become widely used for various neurologic indications. The four toxin formulations currently available for use in the United States (approved by the Food and Drug Administration) are onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox® ), abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport® ), incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin® ), and rimabotulinumtoxinB (Myobloc® ). While the FDA-approved labels indicate that potency conversions should not be done, literature supports relative dose equivalents of approximately 1:1:2-4:50-100, respectively...
February 3, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343469/entrustable-professional-activities-a-useful-concept-for-neurology-education
#17
Holli Horak, Robert Englander, Diana Barratt, Jeff Kraakevik, Madhu Soni, Ezgi Tiryaki
Medical education is currently undergoing a paradigm shift from process-based to competency-based education, focused on measuring the desired competence of a physician. In an attempt to improve the assessment framework used for medical education, the concept of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) has gained traction. EPAs are defined as professional activities that can be entrusted to an individual in a clinical context. The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) defined a set of 13 such EPAs to define the core of what all students should be able to do on day 1 of residency, regardless of specialty choice...
February 13, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298786/compound-heterozygous-mutations-with-novel-missense-abca12-mutation-in-harlequin-ichthyosis
#18
Benny Kai Guo Loo, Melissa Jeanne Batilando, Ene Choo Tan, Mark Jean Aan Koh
Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is the most severe form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, presenting at birth with distinctive facial features and thick, plate-like scales over the entire body. The abnormal skin barrier predisposes the patient to multiple complications, including dehydration and sepsis. Mortality rates of babies with HI have been greatly reduced since the introduction of systemic retinoid therapy. Mutations in ABCA12 have been found to lead to HI. Most of these mutations are truncation or deletion mutations in the conserved region of the protein, leading to severe loss of ABCA12 function...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288843/collin-s-maccarty-1915-2003-inventor-of-the-maccarty-keyhole-as-the-starting-burr-hole-for-orbitozygomatic-craniotomy
#19
REVIEW
Fareed Jumah, Nimer Adeeb, Rimal Hanif Dossani
INTRODUCTION: Dr. Collin S. MacCarty (1915-2003) invented the MacCarty keyhole, which is now widely used as the starting burr hole for orbitozygomatic craniotomy. We present a historical vignette on MacCarty's life and chronicle his contributions to neurosurgery. METHODS: A detailed search for articles relating to the biography and professional career of Dr. MacCarty was conducted on PubMed and Google Scholar by using the key words "Collin MacCarty" and "MacCarty keyhole...
March 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282327/practice-guideline-update-summary-mild-cognitive-impairment-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#20
Ronald C Petersen, Oscar Lopez, Melissa J Armstrong, Thomas S D Getchius, Mary Ganguli, David Gloss, Gary S Gronseth, Daniel Marson, Tamara Pringsheim, Gregory S Day, Mark Sager, James Stevens, Alexander Rae-Grant
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2001 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) guideline on mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: The guideline panel systematically reviewed MCI prevalence, prognosis, and treatment articles according to AAN evidence classification criteria, and based recommendations on evidence and modified Delphi consensus. RESULTS: MCI prevalence was 6.7% for ages 60-64, 8.4% for 65-69, 10.1% for 70-74, 14.8% for 75-79, and 25.2% for 80-84...
January 16, 2018: Neurology
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