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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335920/clergy-s-beliefs-about-mental-illness-and-their-perception-of-its-treatability-experience-from-a-church-based-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-pmtct-trial-in-nigeria
#1
Theddeus Iheanacho, Elina Stefanovics, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Clergy participating in the Healthy Beginning Initiative (N = 45), a program utilizing church workers to integrate packages of care into church activities, completed a 43-item self-administered questionnaire assessing their attitudes and beliefs about mental disorders and perception of their treatability. A majority believed that drug/alcohol use, stress and genetic inheritance could cause mental illness and that society needed to adopt more tolerant attitude toward people with mental disorders. Clergy with contact with people with mental disorders were more likely to perceive depression as treatable...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324273/a-situational-crime-prevention-analysis-of-anglican-clergy-s-child-protective-practices
#2
Michael Andre Guerzoni
To date, a predominant focus within the field of 'clerical collar crime' has revolved around institutional-level church responses to child sexual abuse events, survivors and offenders. Comparatively, little attention has been directed towards the micro-level and in particular, examining clerical responses to child sexual abuse. This article presents empirical findings concerning the 'everyday' child protective practices of Anglican clergy in the Diocese of Tasmania, Australia. Research data was acquired through open-ended qualitative interviews conducted with a sample of 34 clergy in a broader study of clerical culture, habitus and life amidst the 'church abuse crisis'...
January 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284335/roberts-d-a-freidman-m-2016-clergy-retirement-every-ending-a-new-beginning-for-clergy-their-families-and-congregation-roberts-d-a-freidman-m-2016-clergy-retirement-every-ending-a-new-beginning-for-clergy-their-families-and-congregation-amityville-ny-baywood
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189982/how-infertility-patients-and-providers-view-and-confront-religious-and-spiritual-issues
#4
Robert Klitzman
Questions arise concerning whether and how religion affects infertility treatment decisions. Thirty-seven infertility providers and patients were interviewed. Patients confront religious, spiritual, and metaphysical issues coping with treatment failures and religious opposition from clergy and others. Religion can provide meaning and support, but poses questions and objections that patients may try to avoid or negotiate-e.g., concealing treatment or changing clergy. Differences exist within and between religions...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188549/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-utilization-of-prayer-and-clergy-counseling-by-infertile-us-women-desiring-pregnancy
#5
Stephen C Collins, Soorin Kim, Esther Chan
Religion can have a significant influence on the experience of infertility. However, it is unclear how many US women turn to religion when facing infertility. Here, we examine the utilization of prayer and clergy counsel among a nationally representative sample of 1062 infertile US women. Prayer was used by 74.8% of the participants, and clergy counsel was the most common formal support system utilized. Both prayer and clergy counsel were significantly more common among black and Hispanic women. Healthcare providers should acknowledge the spiritual needs of their infertile patients and ally with clergy when possible to provide maximally effective care...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053386/promoting-health-from-the-pulpit-a-process-evaluation-of-hiv-sermons-to-reduce-hiv-stigma-and-promote-testing-in-african-american-and-latino-churches
#6
Denise D Payán, Karen R Flórez, Laura M Bogart, David E Kanouse, Michael A Mata, Clyde W Oden, Kathryn P Derose
Embedding health messages into sermons is a potentially valuable strategy to address HIV and other health disparities in churches that predominantly serve racial and ethnic minorities. This study explores implementation of an HIV sermon as part of a multi-component intervention in three churches (Latino Catholic, Latino Pentecostal, and African American Baptist) in high HIV prevalence areas of Los Angeles County, California. Clergy were given an HIV sermon guide that included local public health data, stigma reduction cues, HIV testing messages, and a sample sermon...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038705/exploration-of-reproductive-healthcare-needs-among-adult-men-regarding-sexual-transmitted-diseases-and-hiv-aids
#7
Leila Karimi, Khadijeh Mirzaii Najmabadi, Abbas Ebadi, Asiyeh Pormehr-Yabandeh
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important public health issues is men's sexual and reproductive health. Men are the most important counterparts in the prevention of sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. A low level of men's referral to utilize healthcare services and the stigmatization of reporting sexually transmitted diseases in society due to cultural issues calls for the designation of strategies for improving the men's healthcare conditions. In addition, it is required to assess men's healthcare needs with consideration of cultural-contextual, social, and economic issues...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912615/why-the-moratorium-on-human-animal-chimera-research-should-not-be-lifted
#8
Alan Moy
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced its plans to lift its moratorium on funding research that involves injecting human embryonic stem cells into animal embryos, which would allow for the creation of part-human and part-animal organisms known as chimeras. The NIH allowed only one month to receive public comments in the midst of a presidential election campaign. Lifting the moratorium means that, for the first time, the federal government will begin spending taxpayer dollars on the creation and manipulation of new organisms that would blur the line between humans and animals...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902051/hypertension-in-the-faith-community-a-four-week-nurse-led-diet-exercise-intervention
#9
Saphie S Bangurah, Shellye A Vardaman, Kelli K Cleveland
Inadequate blood pressure (BP) control in hypertension carries a major financial and public health burden. This study examined the efficacy of behavioral and lifestyle changes on BP control among African American adults, aged 55 years and older in a faith-based setting. The study was supported by clergy who helped to engage participants in interventions. Nurse-led diet and exercise teaching with BP monitoring led to lower BP readings over a 4-week intervention.
October 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870098/expectations-and-reality-perceptions-of-support-among-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
Tisha M Felder, Robin Dawson Estrada, Jada C Quinn, Kenneth W Phelps, Pearman D Parker, Sue P Heiney
OBJECTIVE: The experience of an illness such as breast cancer is not a static event. Just as physiological needs change as a patient transitions through diagnosis, treatment, to long-term survivorship, so too will their needs for social support. We applied a transitions theory framework to explore how African American women with breast cancer conceptualized and experienced support along their breast cancer journey. DESIGN: We recruited 16 African American women with breast cancer from a regional cancer center in South Carolina to complete qualitative, semi-structured interviews...
September 4, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825850/community-engagement-with-african-american-clergy-faith-based-model-for-culturally-competent-practice
#11
Kim L Stansbury, Gillian L Marshall, Jodi Hall, Gaynell M Simpson, Karen Bullock
OBJECTIVE: The intent of this exploratory qualitative study was to examine African American Baptist clergy's pastoral care to older congregants with mental disorders. Critical Race Theory was the guiding framework in this study. METHOD: A purposive sample of 18 African American clergy participated in one-on-one interviews. RESULTS: Collectively, all participants were active in the provision of mental health to older congregants with mental disorders...
August 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820620/care-providers-integration-of-family-requests-in-end-of-life-communication-understanding-what-to-do-and-why-to-do-it
#12
Paula Hopeck
End-of-life situations are fraught with challenges for patients, family members, and individuals working at the patient's bedside. Care workers must address needs of the patient, as well as his or her distressed family members. This article is an inductive investigation of care workers' (nurses, patient advocates, and clergy) experiences with end-of-life discussions when the family asks to "do everything." Participants also noted resistance to hospice in some of these encounters based on pre-existing connotations of hospice held by the family members...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819883/how-the-political-becomes-private-in-vitro-fertilization-and-the-catholic-church-in-poland
#13
Magdalena Radkowska-Walkowicz
The Polish debate on in vitro fertilization (IVF) is extremely heated and highly politicized. The hierarchs of the Catholic vehemently oppose the use of IVF. In this text, I present the Church's approach to IVF. Basing on the documentary film, Three Conversations about Life, and ethnographic research, as well as an analysis of Vatican documents and official statements of Polish bishops, I show how the positions of clergy might influence private lives. I indicate series of tensions associated with the "politics of morality" of the Catholic Church and the daily lives of people, who have children thanks to IVF...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818632/the-views-of-clergy-regarding-ethical-controversies-in-care-at-the-end-of-life
#14
Michael J Balboni, Adam Sullivan, Patrick T Smith, Danish Zaidi, Christine Mitchell, James A Tulsky, Daniel Sulmasy, Tyler J VanderWeele, Tracy A Balboni
CONTEXT: While religion often informs ethical judgments, little is known about the views of American clergy regarding controversial end-of-life ethical issues including allowing to die and physician-aid in dying or physician-assisted suicide (PAD/PAS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of U.S. clergy concerning allowing to die and PAD/PAS. METHODS: A survey was mailed to 1665 nationally representative clergy between 8/2014 to 3/2015 (60% response rate)...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807140/acute-psychological-trauma-in-the-critically-ill-patient-and-family-perspectives
#15
Volha Dziadzko, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Margaret M Johnson, Ognjen Gajic, Lioudmila V Karnatovskaia
OBJECTIVE: Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), which encompasses profound psychological morbidity, affects many survivors of critical illness. We hypothesize that acute psychological stress during the intensive care unit (ICU) confinement likely contributes to PICS. In order to develop strategies that mitigate PICS associated psychological morbidity, it is paramount to first characterize acute ICU psychological stress and begin to understand its causative and protective factors. METHODS: A structured interview study was administered to adult critical illness survivors who received ≥48h of mechanical ventilation in medical and surgical ICUs of a tertiary care center, and their families...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803002/the-characteristics-of-reports-to-the-police-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-the-likelihood-of-cases-proceeding-to-prosecution-after-delays-in-reporting
#16
Judy Cashmore, Alan Taylor, Patrick Parkinson
Delays in disclosing and reporting child sexual abuse to the police are common, particularly among males and those who have been abused by clergy and others in a position of trust. This study, commissioned by the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, examined the patterns of timely and delayed reporting of sexual offences against children, and the likelihood of legal action commencing. De-identified unit record data for all sexual offences against children reported to the police over 20 years were obtained from official crime statistics agencies in two Australian states...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798815/differences-between-african-americans-and-non-hispanic-whites-utilization-of-clergy-for-counseling-with-serious-personal-problems
#17
Linda M Chatters, Robert Joseph Taylor, Amanda Toler Woodward, Amy S B Bohnert, Tina L Peterson, Brian E Perron
There is a paradox in research on African Americans and non-Hispanic whites in the utilization of clergy. Research finds that African Americans have higher levels of religious service attendance and higher levels of contact with clergy. Research also finds that despite this, African Americans are less likely than non-Hispanic whites to seek out assistance from clergy for psychiatric disorders including depression and anxiety. The goal of this paper was to investigate race differences in the use of clergy for counseling for serious personal problems...
June 2017: Race and Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730875/the-influence-of-fatalistic-beliefs-on-health-beliefs-among-diabetics-in-khartoum-sudan-a-comparison-between-coptic-christians-and-sunni-muslims
#18
Dana Hag Hamed, Marguerite Daniel
Although there are many studies assessing the influence of religious beliefs on health they do not agree on whether the impact is positive or negative. More so, there is no consensus in the available literature on the definition of fatalism and what it means to individuals. In this phenomenological study we attempt to define what religious fatalism means to people living with diabetes in Khartoum, and how it affects their health beliefs, and how those beliefs affect their sense of coherence and generalized resistance resources, since salutogenesis is the guiding theory in this study...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673371/mass-fatality-incident-preparedness-among-faith-based-organizations
#19
Qi Zhi, Jacqueline A Merrill, Robyn R Gershon
Introduction Members of faith-based organizations (FBOs) are in a unique position to provide support and services to their local communities during disasters. Because of their close community ties and well-established trust, they can play an especially critical role in helping communities heal in the aftermath of a mass-fatality incident (MFI). Faith-based organizations are considered an important disaster resource and partner under the National Response Plan (NRP) and National Response Framework; however, their level of preparedness and response capabilities with respect to MFIs has never been evaluated...
July 4, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641912/a-2-year-holistic-health-and-stress-intervention-results-of-an-rct-in-clergy
#20
Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, Elizabeth L Turner, Gary G Bennett, Jia Yao, Xiang-Fang Li, David E Eagle, Rachel A Meyer, Redford B Williams, Robin Y Swift, H Edgar Moore, Melanie A Kolkin, Carl C Weisner, Katherine M Rugani, Holly J Hough, Virginia P Williams, David C Toole
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the effect of a 2-year, multicomponent health intervention (Spirited Life) targeting metabolic syndrome and stress simultaneously. DESIGN: An RCT using a three-cohort multiple baseline design was conducted in 2010-2014. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were United Methodist clergy in North Carolina, U.S., in 2010, invited based on occupational status. Of invited 1,745 clergy, 1,114 consented, provided baseline data, and were randomly assigned to immediate intervention (n=395), 1-year waitlist (n=283), or 2-year waitlist (n=436) cohorts for a 48-month trial duration...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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