keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Moral emotion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046119/walking-children-through-a-minefield-how-professionals-experience-exploring-adverse-childhood-experiences
#1
Ane U Albaek, Liv G Kinn, Anne M Milde
Understanding the challenges of professionals in addressing child adversity is key to improving the detection, protection, and care of exposed children. We aimed to synthesize findings from qualitative studies of professionals' lived experience of addressing child adversity. Through a systematic search, we identified eight qualitative studies and synthesized them using metaethnography. We generated three themes, "feeling inadequate," "fear of making it worse," and "facing evil," and one overarching metaphor, "walking children through a minefield...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043915/corrigendum-beyond-purity-moral-disgust-toward-bad-character
#2
(no author information available yet)
Original article: Giner-Sorolla, R., & Chapman, H. A. (2017). Beyond purity: Moral disgust toward bad character. Psychological Science, 28, 80-91. doi:10.1177/0956797616673193 In this article, some effect sizes in the Results section for Study 1 were reported incorrectly and are now being corrected. In the section titled Manipulation Checks: Act and Character Ratings, we reported a d value of 0.32 for the one-sample t test comparing participants' act ratings with the midpoint of the scale; the correct value is 0...
October 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035184/the-art-of-healing-through-narrative-medicine-in-clinical-practice-a-reflection
#3
Aeman Muneeb, Hena Jawaid, Natasha Khalid, Asad Mian
The art of medicine has roots that lie deep in developing the biopsychosocial connection. Understanding a human body (both its physiology and pathology) along with components of emotional and spiritual cores can lead to provision of excellent medical care and better outcomes. The harmonization of psychosocial consequences of a biological disease is helpful not just for health care professionals but also for patients. Where it keeps the empathy and compassion alive and results in greater patient satisfaction, it also helps boost the physician's morale...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027865/the-bidirectional-relation-of-emotion-perception-and-social-judgments-the-effect-of-witness-emotion-expression-on-perceptions-of-moral-behaviour-and-vice-versa
#4
Ursula Hess, Helen Landmann, Shlomo David, Shlomo Hareli
The present research tested the notion that emotion expression and context perception are bidirectionally related. Specifically, in two studies focusing on moral violations (N = 288) and positive moral deviations (N = 245) respectively, we presented participants with short vignettes describing behaviours that were either (im)moral, (in)polite or unusual together with a picture of the emotional reaction of a person who supposedly had been a witness to the event. Participants rated both the emotional reactions observed and their own moral appraisal of the situation described...
October 13, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022722/the-impact-of-negative-affect-on-attention-patterns-to-threat-across-the-first-2-years-of-life
#5
Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Santiago Morales, Vanessa LoBue, Bradley C Taber-Thomas, Elizabeth K Allen, Kayla M Brown, Kristin A Buss
The current study examined the relations between individual differences in attention to emotion faces and temperamental negative affect across the first 2 years of life. Infant studies have noted a normative pattern of preferential attention to salient cues, particularly angry faces. A parallel literature suggests that elevated attention bias to threat is associated with anxiety, particularly if coupled with temperamental risk. Examining the emerging relations between attention to threat and temperamental negative affect may help distinguish normative from at-risk patterns of attention...
October 12, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022518/research-on-a-drug-centred-approach-to-psychiatric-drug-treatment-assessing-the-impact-of-mental-and-behavioural-alterations-produced-by-psychiatric-drugs
#6
J Moncrieff
AIMS: This article explores an alternative understanding of how psychiatric drugs work that is referred to as the drug-centred model of drug action. Unlike the current disease-centred model, which suggests that psychiatric drugs work by correcting an underlying brain abnormality, the drug-centred model emphasises how psychiatric drugs affect mental states and behaviour by modifying normal brain processes. The alterations produced may impact on the emotional and behavioural problems that constitute the symptoms of mental disorders...
October 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967836/creating-and-sustaining-a-culture-of-excellence-insights-from-accomplished-university-team-sport-coaches
#7
Daniela Donoso-Morales, Gordon A Bloom, Jeffrey G Caron
PURPOSE: Winning several national championships is an extraordinary feat that very few university coaches have accomplished. The objective of this study was to investigate how some of Canada's most accomplished university team-sport coaches created and sustained a culture of excellence in their programs. METHOD: Six university coaches who had won more than 30 national titles participated in this study. Each coach participated in a semistructured interview, and the qualitative data were inductively analyzed using a thematic analysis...
October 2, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966138/human-lesion-studies-of-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex
#8
REVIEW
Brett Schneider, Michael Koenigs
Studies of neurological patients with focal lesions involving ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) have demonstrated a critical role for this brain area in various aspects of cognition, emotion, and behavior. In this article, we review the key themes, methods, and findings from neuropsychological research on vmPFC lesion patients. Early case studies demonstrated profound disruptions in personality and behavior following vmPFC damage, including blunted affect, poor decision-making, and inappropriate social behavior...
September 28, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953539/end-of-life-care-for-ww-ii-korea-and-vietnam-era-veterans
#9
Brenda Elliott
Military Veterans have made many sacrifices for our country and deserve high-quality care at end of life. The purpose of this article is to discuss the WW II, Korean and Vietnam Veteran population, and common concerns at the end of life. Areas of focus include spiritual and emotional needs, posttraumatic stress disorder, and pain management. Understanding of military/Veteran culture, the stoic mindset, and moral injury may provide foundational knowledge for nonmilitary home care and hospice clinicians to understand Veteran patients and their families...
October 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952137/neural-correlates-of-conventional-and-harm-welfare-based-moral-decision-making
#10
Stuart F White, Hui Zhao, Kelly Kimiko Leong, Judith G Smetana, Larry P Nucci, R James R Blair
The degree to which social norms are processed by a unitary system or dissociable systems remains debated. Much research on children's social-cognitive judgments has supported the distinction between "moral" (harm/welfare-based) and "conventional" norms. However, the extent to which these norms are processed by dissociable neural systems remains unclear. To address this issue, 23 healthy participants were scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while they rated the wrongness of harm/welfare-based and conventional transgressions and neutral vignettes...
September 26, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950971/how-to-think-about-emotion-and-morality-circles-not-arrows
#11
REVIEW
Kurt Gray, Chelsea Schein, C Daryl Cameron
Emotion and morality are powerful conscious experiences. There are two ways to think about their psychological basis: arrows and circles. Arrows ground each experience in its own specialized mechanism (mechanism x causes phenomenon x; mechanism y causes phenomenon y). Examples of arrows include when feelings of disgust are attributed to a specialized 'disgust circuit' and when judgments of impurity are attributed to a specialized 'purity foundation.' In contrast, circles - Venn diagrams - describe experiences as emerging from the overlap of more fundamental domain-general processes (different combinations of processes a, b, c cause both phenomena x and y)...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950962/formalizing-emotion-concepts-within-a-bayesian-model-of-theory-of-mind
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca Saxe, Sean Dae Houlihan
Sensitivity to others' emotions is foundational for many aspects of human life, yet computational models do not currently approach the sensitivity and specificity of human emotion knowledge. Perception of isolated physical expressions largely supplies ambiguous, low-dimensional, and noisy information about others' emotional states. By contrast, observers attribute specific granular emotions to another person based on inferences of how she interprets (or 'appraises') external events in relation to her other mental states (goals, beliefs, moral values, costs)...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942536/the-ethics-of-virtual-reality-technology-social-hazards-and-public-policy-recommendations
#13
James S Spiegel
This article explores four major areas of moral concern regarding virtual reality (VR) technologies. First, VR poses potential mental health risks, including Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder. Second, VR technology raises serious concerns related to personal neglect of users' own actual bodies and real physical environments. Third, VR technologies may be used to record personal data which could be deployed in ways that threaten personal privacy and present a danger related to manipulation of users' beliefs, emotions, and behaviors...
September 23, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936641/empathy-and-the-aesthetic-why-does-art-still-move-us
#14
Despina Stamatopoulou
In this article I will argue for the affective-motivation (background affective attitude or orientation) hypothesis that incubates the aesthetic experience and sets the deep frame of our engagement with art. For this, I look at these microgenetic-early passages of (a) affective perception as mapped into the early emergence of tertiary qualities that underlie a sensorimotor synchronization-a coupling of action, emotion and perception via mirroring that result in dynamic embodied anticipatory control and a feeling of proximity/connectedness and (b) developmental passages that are characterized by spatiotemporal coordination and proximity of the self-other/interactive object and thus structure intentionality, shape experience, in an engaging world of action potentialities forming a background affective attitude...
September 21, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933023/to-whistleblow-or-not-to-whistleblow-affective-and-cognitive-differences-in-reporting-peers-and-advisors
#15
Tristan McIntosh, Cory Higgs, Megan Turner, Paul Partlow, Logan Steele, Alexandra E MacDougall, Shane Connelly, Michael D Mumford
Traditional whistleblowing theories have purported that whistleblowers engage in a rational process in determining whether or not to blow the whistle on misconduct. However, stressors inherent to whistleblowing often impede rational thinking and act as a barrier to effective whistleblowing. The negative impact of these stressors on whistleblowing may be made worse depending on who engages in the misconduct: a peer or advisor. In the present study, participants are presented with an ethical scenario where either a peer or advisor engages in misconduct, and positive and the negative consequences of whistleblowing are either directed to the wrongdoer, department, or university...
September 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930709/responding-to-moral-distress-and-ethical-concerns-at-the-intersection-of-medical-illness-and-unmet-mental-health-needs
#16
Donna D McKlindon, Pamela Nathanson, Chris Feudtner
Some of the most difficult clinical ethics consultations involve patients who have both medical and mental health needs, as these cases can result in considerable moral distress on the part of the bedside staff. In this article we examine the issues that such consults raise through the illustrative example of a particular case: several years ago our ethics consultation service received a request from a critical care attending physician who was considering a rarely performed psychosurgical intervention to address intractable and life-threatening agitation and aggression in an adolescent patient for whom standard treatments had proven unsuccessful...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917139/a-good-abortion-experience-a-qualitative-exploration-of-women-s-needs-and-preferences-in-clinical-care
#17
Anna L Altshuler, Alison Ojanen-Goldsmith, Paul D Blumenthal, Lori R Freedman
What do women ending their pregnancies want and need to have a good clinical abortion experience? Since birth experiences are better studied, birth stories are more readily shared and many women who have had an abortion have also given birth, we sought to compare women's needs and preferences in abortion to those in birth. We conducted semi-structured intensive interviews with women who had both experiences in the United States and analyzed their intrapartum and abortion care narratives using grounded theory, identifying needs and preferences in abortion that were distinct from birth...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915888/stigmatization-of-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-by-pharmacists-in-tajikistan-sociocultural-context-and-implications-for-a-pharmacy-based-prevention-approach
#18
Umedjon Ibragimov, Hannah L Cooper, Regine Haardörfer, Kristin L Dunkle, William A Zule, Frank Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Pharmacies are an important source of sterile syringes for people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tajikistan who are under high risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus. Accessibility of sterile syringes at pharmacies without prescription may depend on pharmacists' attitudes towards PWID. This qualitative inquiry examines meanings and processes of stigmatization of PWID among pharmacists and pharmacy students in Tajikistan. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 19 pharmacists and 9 students (N = 28) in the cities of Dushanbe and Kulob, Tajikistan...
September 16, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912619/what-moral-character-is-and-is-not
#19
Marie I George
Louise Mitchell discusses character in "Integrity and virtue: The forming of good character" (The Linacre Quarterly 82, no. 2: 149-169). I argue that she is mistaken in identifying character as a potency and that it is rather the sum of one's moral habits and dispositions. I establish this by showing that if one correctly applies the division Aristotle presents in the text that Mitchell relies on, it follows that character belongs in the category of habit. I further support this conclusion by considering how people commonly speak of moral character...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903714/less-evil-than-you-bounded-self-righteousness-in-character-inferences-emotional-reactions-and-behavioral-extremes
#20
Nadav Klein, Nicholas Epley
Recent research suggests that self-righteousness is bounded, arising more reliably in evaluations of immoral actions than in evaluations of moral actions. Here, we test four implications of this asymmetry in self-righteousness and the mechanism explaining it. We find that people are less likely to make negative character inferences from their own unethical behavior than from others' unethical behavior (Experiment 1), believe they would feel worse after an unethical action than others (Experiment 2), and believe they are less capable of extreme unethical behavior than others (Experiment 3)...
August 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
keyword
keyword
84678
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"