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Moral emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903725/hippocampal-damage-increases-deontological-responses-during-moral-decision-making
#1
Cornelia McCormick, Clive R Rosenthal, Thomas D Miller, Eleanor A Maguire
: Complex moral decision making is associated with the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in humans, and damage to this region significantly increases the frequency of utilitarian judgments. Since the vmPFC has strong anatomical and functional links with the hippocampus, here we asked how patients with selective bilateral hippocampal damage would derive moral decisions on a classic moral dilemmas paradigm. We found that the patients approved of the utilitarian options significantly less often than control participants, favoring instead deontological responses-rejecting actions that harm even one person...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897213/decision-making-processes-based-on-social-conventional-rules-in-early-adolescents-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Hidetsugu Komeda, Hidekazu Osanai, Kaichi Yanaoka, Yuko Okamoto, Toru Fujioka, Sumiyoshi Arai, Keisuke Inohara, Masuo Koyasu, Takashi Kusumi, Shinichiro Takiguchi, Masao Kawatani, Hirokazu Kumazaki, Michio Hiratani, Akemi Tomoda, Hirotaka Kosaka
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by problems with reciprocal social interaction, repetitive behaviours/narrow interests, and impairments in the social cognition and emotional processing necessary for intention-based moral judgements. The aim of this study was to examine the information used by early adolescents with and without ASD when they judge story protagonists as good or bad. We predicted that adolescents with ASD would use protagonists' behaviour, while typically developing (TD) adolescents would use protagonists' characteristics when making the judgements...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885543/realism-and-impartiality-making-sustainability-effective-in-decision-making
#3
Miquel Bastons, Jaume Armengou
There is both individual and collective widespread concern in society about the impact of human activity and the effects of our decisions on the physical and social environment. This concern is included within the idea of sustainability. The meaning of the concept is still ambiguous and its practical effectiveness disputed. Like many other authors, this article uses as a starting point the definition proposed by the World Commission on Environment and Development (Our common future, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987), considering it to be a proposal for changing the assessment of the effects of decisions, from at least two perspectives: (1) what effects we should consider and (2) how we should assess them...
November 24, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872666/fifty-shades-of-unsaid-women-s-explicit-and-implicit-attitudes-towards-sexual-morality
#4
Tiziana Lanciano, Emanuela Soleti, Francesca Guglielmi, Ivan Mangiulli, Antonietta Curci
The movie Fifty Shades of Grey has created a great deal of controversy which has reignited the debate on unusual and alternative sexual practices such as bondage. Erotophobic individuals have negative affect towards the type of sexual libertinism conveyed by the movie, while erotophilic persons have a positive attitude and emotional feelings towards this kind of sexual emancipation. Using the Implicit Association Test, this study aimed to explore the extent to which there is a difference in women's attitudes towards sexual morality on an explicit and implicit level...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872393/moralization-through-moral-shock-exploring-emotional-antecedents-to-moral-conviction
#5
Daniel C Wisneski, Linda J Skitka
The current research tested whether exposure to disgusting images increases moral conviction and whether this happens in the presence of incidental disgust cues versus disgust cues relevant to the target of moralization. Across two studies, we exposed participants to one of the four sets of disgusting versus control images to test the moralization of abortion attitudes: pictures of aborted fetuses, animal abuse, non-harm related disgusting images, harm related disgusting images, or neutral pictures, at either sub- or supraliminal levels of awareness...
November 20, 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869906/-emotional-intelligence-index-a-tool-for-the-routine-assessment-of-mental-health-promotion-programs-in-schools
#6
Franco Veltro, Valentina Ialenti, Manuel Alejandro Morales García, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: After critical examination of several aspects relating to the evaluation of some dimensions of emotional intelligence through self-assessment tools, is described the procedure of construction and validation of an Index for its measurement, conceived only for the routine assessment of health promotion programs mental in schools that include among their objectives the improvement of emotional intelligence specifically "outcome-oriented". METHODS: On the basis of the two most common international tools, are listed 27 items plus 6 of control, illustrated two Focus Group (FG) of students (face validity)...
September 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863460/the-effects-of-a-three-year-integrated-olympic-education-programme-on-adolescents-prosocial-behaviours
#7
Saulius Sukys, Daiva Majauskiene, Audrone Dumciene
The concept of Olympic education and its use of moral education to shape the development of personality have received insufficient empirical support. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an integrated Olympic education programme on the development of prosocial behaviour in adolescents. A natural experimental research design was applied in this study. The pre-test sample included 411 adolescents (aged 13-14) who were randomly selected from schools that had begun to apply an integrated Olympic education programme, along with 430 adolescents from schools without an Olympic education programme...
November 18, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859150/the-invasion-of-reality-or-of-negotiation-the%C3%A2-psychoanalytic-ethic-and-extinction-anxiety
#8
Nicola Nociforo
Extinction anxiety is the expression used to describe a pervasive and ever more realistic sense of futurelessness. A group emotion characterized by terror of the extinction of the human race, the family, or professional or shared cultural group, it grips the individual with a sense of desperation and impotence through the internal groups present in the mind of every individual. The contribution presented here aims to demonstrate how extinction anxiety has also infected psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic institutions, thereby seriously weakening the ethics of psychoanalysis...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836708/the-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-based-stratification-of-default-network-regulation-neuroimaging-data-repository
#9
Amalia R McDonald, Jordan Muraskin, Nicholas T Van Dam, Caroline Froehlich, Benjamin Puccio, John Pellman, Clemens C C Bauer, Alexis Akeyson, Melissa M Breland, Vince D Calhoun, Steven Carter, Tiffany P Chang, Chelsea Gessner, Alyssa Gianonne, Steven Giavasis, Jamie Glass, Steven Homann, Margaret King, Melissa Kramer, Drew Landis, Alexis Lieval, Jonathan Lisinski, Anna Mackay-Brandt, Brittny Miller, Laura Panek, Hayley Reed, Christine Santiago, Eszter Schoell, Richard Sinnig, Melissa Sital, Elise Taverna, Russell Tobe, Kristin Trautman, Betty Varghese, Lauren Walden, Runtang Wang, Abigail B Waters, Dylan C Wood, F Xavier Castellanos, Bennett Leventhal, Stanley J Colcombe, Stephen LaConte, Michael P Milham, R Cameron Craddock
This data descriptor describes a repository of openly shared data from an experiment to assess inter-individual differences in default mode network (DMN) activity. This repository includes cross-sectional functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from the Multi Source Interference Task, to assess DMN deactivation, the Moral Dilemma Task, to assess DMN activation, a resting state fMRI scan, and a DMN neurofeedback paradigm, to assess DMN modulation, along with accompanying behavioral and cognitive measures...
November 9, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834281/factors-that-impact-on-emergency-nurses-ethical-decision-making-ability
#10
Barbara Alba
BACKGROUND: Reliance on moral principles and professional codes has given nurses direction for ethical decision-making. However, rational models do not capture the emotion and reality of human choice. Intuitive response must be considered. RESEARCH PURPOSE: Supporting intuition as an important ethical decision-making tool for nurses, the aim of this study was to determine relationships between intuition, years of worked nursing experience, and perceived ethical decision-making ability...
November 10, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833180/justice-and-health-care-when-ordinary-is-extraordinary
#11
James McTavish
In some Asian countries, the poor are often denied access to health care. In the Philippines, we have thousands of Catholic doctors, Catholic nurses, even Catholic administrators, but not a Catholic, understood as "universal," healthcare system available to all. This is a scandal and places heavy emotional and financial burdens on many families who need to pay the healthcare costs of sick loved ones. The Church teaches the principles of ordinary and extraordinary care, with only the former being morally obligatory...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826684/victims-of-disaster-can-ethical-debriefings-be-of-help-to-care-for-their-suffering
#12
Ignaas Devisch, Stijn Vanheule, Myriam Deveugele, Iskra Nola, Murat Civaner, Peter Pype
Victims of disaster suffer, not only at the very moment of the disaster, but also years after the disaster has taken place, they are still in an emotional journey. While many moral perspectives focus on the moment of the disaster itself, a lot of work is to be done years after the disaster. How do people go through their suffering and how can we take care of them? Research on human suffering after a major catastrophe, using an ethics of care perspective, is scarce. People suffering from disasters are often called to be in distress and their emotional difficulties 'medicalised'...
November 8, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808160/anticipation-of-guilt-for-everyday-moral-transgressions-the-role-of-the-anterior-insula-and-the-influence-of-interpersonal-psychopathic-traits
#13
Ana Seara-Cardoso, Catherine L Sebastian, Eamon McCrory, Lucy Foulkes, Marine Buon, Jonathan P Roiser, Essi Viding
Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterised by atypical moral behaviour likely rooted in atypical affective/motivational processing, as opposed to an inability to judge the wrongness of an action. Guilt is a moral emotion believed to play a crucial role in adherence to moral and social norms, but the mechanisms by which guilt (or lack thereof) may influence behaviour in individuals with high levels of psychopathic traits are unclear. We measured neural responses during the anticipation of guilt about committing potential everyday moral transgressions, and tested the extent to which these varied with psychopathic traits...
November 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797570/moral-distress-in-physicians-and-nurses-impact-on-professional-quality-of-life-and-turnover
#14
Cindy L Austin, Robert Saylor, Phillip J Finley
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate moral distress (MD) and turnover intent as related to professional quality of life in physicians and nurses at a tertiary care hospital. Method: Health care providers from a variety of hospital departments anonymously completed 2 validated questionnaires (Moral Distress Scale-Revised and Professional Quality of Life Scale). Compassion fatigue (as measured by secondary traumatic stress [STS] and burnout [BRN]) and compassion satisfaction are subscales which make up one's professional quality of life...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779495/exploring-nicu-nurses-affective-responses-to-end-of-life-care
#15
Stephanie Lacefield Lewis
BACKGROUND: The survival rate for infants born with life-threatening problems has improved greatly over the last few decades. Nevertheless, infants still die in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) every day. Despite existing standards of care, some aspects of end-of-life care (EOLC) are still not delivered consistently. Little is known about how NICU nurses' individual experiences affect EOLC. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore, through lived and told stories, the affective, interactional, and meaning-related responses that NICU nurses have while caring for dying infants and their families...
October 24, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776603/prevalence-of-strategies-for-coping-with-daily-stress-in-children
#16
Francisco M Morales Rodríguez, María V Trianes Torres, Jesús Miranda Páez, Cándido J Inglés
BACKGROUND: The study of coping strategies in children guarantees quality of life from childhood onwards. The present paper aims to determine the prevalence of coping strategies for three everyday problems in children, while examining sociodemographic variables, context variables, and teacher assessment. METHOD: The sample is composed of 7,058 school children aged between 8 and 13 years old. RESULTS: Results show a higher prevalence of the Active Solution strategy at home and in school contexts compared with the health area, where the Active Solutionis the least prevalent strategy, and Concealing the Problem the most widely used, followed by Passivity...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773966/the-place-and-role-of-moral-anger-in-organizational-behavior-studies
#17
Dirk Lindebaum, Deanna Geddes
The aim of this article is to conceptually delineate moral anger from other related constructs. Drawing upon social functional accounts of anger, we contend that distilling the finer nuances of morally motivated anger and its expression can increase the precision with which we examine prosocial forms of anger (e.g., redressing injustice), in general, and moral anger, in particular. Without this differentiation, we assert that (i) moral anger remains theoretically elusive, (ii) that this thwarts our ability to methodologically capture the unique variance moral anger can explain in important work outcomes, and that (iii) this can promote ill-informed organizational policies and practice...
July 2016: Journal of Organizational Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769311/failed-surrogate-conceptions-social-and-ethical-aspects-of-preconception-disruptions-during-commercial-surrogacy-in-india
#18
Sayani Mitra, Silke Schicktanz
BACKGROUND: During a commercial surrogacy arrangement, the event of embryo transfer can be seen as the formal starting point of the arrangement. However, it is common for surrogates to undergo a failed attempt at pregnancy conception or missed conception after an embryo transfer. This paper attempts to argue that such failed attempts can be understood as a loss. It aims to reconstruct the experiences of loss and grief of the surrogates and the intended parents as a consequence of their collective failure to conceive a surrogate pregnancy...
September 19, 2016: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749973/anxiety-depression-and-tobacco-abstinence
#19
Virginia Almadana Pacheco, Ana Paulina Gómez-Bastero Fernández, Agustín Valido Morales, Estefanía Luque Crespo, Soledad Monserrat, Teodoro Montemayor Rubio
: There is evidence of the relationship between mental illness and smoking and increased risk of depressive episodes after quitting smoking, even with specific treatments for abstinence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a cessation program on the emotional state of patients by measuring levels of anxiety / depression and differences depending on the presence of psychiatric history. METHOD: A prospective observational study of patients taking part in a combined program (pharmacological and cognitive-behavioral) for giving up smoking...
October 7, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739266/doctors-attitude-towards-euthanasia-a-cross-sectional-study-experience
#20
Sonu Hangma Subba, Varun Khullar, Yusra Latafat, Khushboo Chawla, Apoorva Nirmal, Tanvi Chaudhary
OBJECTIVE: Euthanasia is a controversial issue that puts doctors into a dilemma and can have the capacity to end the patients' sufferings. However, it is never an easy decision; hence, this study was planned to find the attitude of practicing doctors of medical colleges in a South Indian city of Mangalore towards euthanasia. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in March-April 2010 among the doctors practicing in the four medical colleges of Mangalore city...
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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