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Moral emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214968/the-therapeutic-mis-conception-an-examination-of-its-normative-assumptions-and-a-call-for-its-revision
#1
Debra J H Mathews, Joseph J Fins, Eric Racine
Dissecting Bioethics, edited by Tuija Takala and Matti Hayry, welcomes contributions on the conceptual and theoretical dimensions of bioethics. The department is dedicated to the idea that words defined by bioethicists and others should not be allowed to imprison people's actual concerns, emotions, and thoughts. Papers that expose the many meanings of a concept, describe the different readings of a moral doctrine, or provide an alternative angle to seemingly self-evident issues are particularly appreciated...
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213489/in-search-of-the-moral-psychological-and-neuroevolutionary-basis-of-political-partisanship
#2
REVIEW
Vitor Geraldi Haase, Isabella Starling-Alves
In many countries, a radical political divide brings several socially relevant decisions to a standstill. Could cognitive, affective and social (CAS) neuroscience help better understand these questions? The present article reviews the moral-psychological and neuroevolutionary basis of the political partisanship divide. A non-systematic literature review and a conceptual analysis were conducted. Three main points are identified and discussed: 1) Political partisan behavior rests upon deep moral emotions. It is automatically processed and impervious to contradiction...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209622/exploration-of-the-association-between-nurses-moral-distress-and-secondary-traumatic-stress-syndrome-implications-for-patient-safety-in-mental-health-services
#3
Maria Christodoulou-Fella, Nicos Middleton, Elizabeth D E Papathanassoglou, Maria N K Karanikola
Work-related moral distress (MD) and secondary traumatic stress syndrome (STSS) may be associated with compromised health status among health professionals, reduced productivity, and inadequate safety of care. We explored the association of MD with the severity of STSS symptoms, along with the mediating role of mental distress symptoms. Associations with emotional exhaustion and professional satisfaction were also assessed. This cross-sectional survey conducted in 206 mental health nurses (MHNs) was employed across public sector community and hospital settings in Cyprus...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206609/empathy-and-humanitarianism-predict-preferential-moral-responsiveness-to-in-groups-and-out-groups
#4
Liz Redford, Kate A Ratliff
The current research tests whether empathy-sharing others' emotions-and humanitarianism-recognizing the moral worth of all people-each predict moral responsiveness toward others, but in ways that favor in-groups and out-groups, respectively. In Studies 1 and 2, empathy and humanitarianism differentially predicted preferential moral concern for in-groups and out-groups. In Study 3, humanitarianism predicted lower in-group-targeted prosociality, and greater out-group prosociality. In Study 4, empathy and humanitarianism predicted perceived moral obligation to in-groups and out-groups respectively...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197236/the-roles-of-parenting-practices-sociocognitive-emotive-traits-and-prosocial-behaviors-in-low-income-adolescents
#5
Alexandra N Davis, Gustavo Carlo
The goal of the current study was to examine the links among parenting practices (i.e., use of social and material rewards), sociocognitive and socioemotive traits (i.e., perspective taking, prosocial moral reasoning, and empathic concern), and prosocial behaviors among adolescents in a low-income, Midwestern community. Participants were 311 adolescents (M age = 16.10 years; range = 14-19 years; 58.7% girls; 82.7% White; 13.6% Latino). The results demonstrated that social rewards were positively associated with perspective taking, empathic concern, and prosocial moral reasoning, which were each associated with multiple forms of prosocial behaviors...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196079/burnout-moral-distress-work-life-balance-and-career-satisfaction-among-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-professionals
#6
Joyce L Neumann, Lih-Wen Mau, Sanya Virani, Ellen M Denzen, Deborah A Boyle, Nancy J Boyle, Jane Dabney, Alexandra De KeselLofthus, Marion Kalbacker, Tippu Khan, Navneet S Majhail, Elizabeth A Murphy, Pamela Paplham, Leslie Parran, Miguel-Angel Perales, Todd H Rockwood, Kim Schmit-Pokorny, Tait D Shanafelt, Elaine Stenstrup, William A Wood, Linda J Burns
BACKGROUND: A projected shortage of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) health professionals was identified as a major issue during the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP)/Be The Match System Capacity Initiative. Work-related distress and work-life balance were noted to be potential barriers to recruitment/retention. This study examined these barriers and their association with career satisfaction across HCT disciplines. METHODS: A cross-sectional, 90-item, web-based survey was administered to advanced practice providers (APP), nurses, physicians, pharmacists, and social workers in 2015...
November 28, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185207/prosocial-behavior-in-adolescence-gender-differences-in-development-and-links-with-empathy
#7
Jolien Van der Graaff, Gustavo Carlo, Elisabetta Crocetti, Hans M Koot, Susan Branje
Although adolescents' prosocial behavior is related to various positive outcomes, longitudinal research on its development and predictors is still sparse. This 6-wave longitudinal study investigated the development of prosocial behavior across adolescence, and examined longitudinal associations with perspective taking and empathic concern. Participants were 497 adolescents (M age t1 = 13.03 years, 43% girls) who reported on their prosocial behaviors, empathic concern, and perspective taking. The results revealed marked gender differences in the development of prosocial behavior...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184591/iranian-pediatric-nurse-s-experience-the-facilitators-of-the-learning-of-ethical-practices
#8
Kobra Karami, Sadat SeyedBagher Maddah, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Mohammadali Hosseini, Nazila MousaviArfa, Mohammad Almasian
Background: Ethical care is a core value in nursing. Pediatric nurses are in direct and continuous contact with children and their parents. They manage their lives and health. As part of the pediatric nurses' daily work, ethical issues play an important role in making decisions, are important to make decisions, and this capability is only achieved by ethical practice. This study aimed to explore the factors facilitating the learning of ethical practice among Iranian pediatric nurses. Materials and Methods: This study is a conventional qualitative content analysis based on the Graneheim and Lundman method...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182192/-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-and-nutritional-education-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Pedro Mangiamarchi, Alexis Caniuqueo, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Patricio Cárdenas, Sylvana Morales, Johnattan Cano-Montoya, Guilherme Bresciani, Cristian Álvarez
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves cardiometabolic markers, but its effects on the quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not well known. AIM: To determine the effects of a 12-week HIIT exercise program on cardiometabolic and quality of life variables of T2D patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine T2D women were assigned to a HIIT + nutritional education (GE) and 10, to a nutritional education alone group (GC)...
July 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164607/virtual-morality-in-the-helping-professions-simulated-action-and-resilience
#10
Kathryn B Francis, Michaela Gummerum, Giorgio Ganis, Ian S Howard, Sylvia Terbeck
Recent advances in virtual technologies have allowed the investigation of simulated moral actions in aversive moral dilemmas. Previous studies have employed diverse populations to explore these actions, with little research considering the significance of occupation on moral decision-making. For the first time, in this study we have investigated simulated moral actions in virtual reality made by professionally trained paramedics and fire service incident commanders who are frequently faced with and must respond to moral dilemmas...
November 22, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162984/-we-are-the-best-to-stand-in-for-patients-a-qualitative-study-on-nurses-advocacy-characteristics-in-ghana
#11
Grace Dadzie, Lydia Aziato, Ama de-Graft Aikins
Background: Patient advocacy has been identified as a core duty of the nurse, and certain nurse characteristics influence the performance of the role. However, these characteristics have not been adequately explored in Ghana. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of nurses about the characteristics of nurses that influence their role as patient advocates. Methods: An exploratory descriptive qualitative study was conducted among 15 nurses from a regional hospital in Ghana...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154599/negative-outcomes-after-morally-injurious-experiences-a-replication-and-extension
#12
Steven Lloyd Lancaster
OBJECTIVE: The current study replicates and extends a model of the relationship between morally injurious experiences, moral emotions, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; Jordan, Eisen, Bolton, Nash, & Litz, 2017). The current study builds on this earlier work by including broader measures of moral emotions and by including an assessment of symptoms of depression. METHOD: An online survey, distributed using crowdsourcing software, was completed by 161 military veterans...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152594/-blaming-shaming-humiliation-stigmatising-medical-interactions-among-people-with-non-epileptic-seizures
#13
Catherine Robson, Olaug S Lian
Background: People with non-epileptic seizures (NES) describe challenging relationships with health professionals, and explain negative interactions as common and expected. Despite these difficulties, little is known about how people with NES experience difficult healthcare encounters. Methods: Using a thematic discourse analysis approach, we analysed the free-text survey responses of 135 people with NES and asked: what kind of challenges do people living with this condition encounter when interacting with health professionals, and how do they experience the consequences of difficult interactions? We explore their experiences by interpreting the latent meaning of participants' texts from a social-constructionist perspective on health and illness...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141211/lateral-preoptic-control-of-the-lateral-habenula-through-convergent-glutamate-and-gaba-transmission
#14
David J Barker, Jorge Miranda-Barrientos, Shiliang Zhang, David H Root, Hui-Ling Wang, Bing Liu, Erin S Calipari, Marisela Morales
The lateral habenula (LHb) is a brain structure that participates in cognitive and emotional processing and has been implicated in several mental disorders. Although one of the largest inputs to the LHb originates in the lateral preoptic area (LPO), little is known about how the LPO participates in the regulation of LHb function. Here, we provide evidence that the LPO exerts bivalent control over the LHb through the convergent transmission of LPO glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) onto single LHb neurons...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131871/associations-between-facial-emotion-recognition-and-young-adolescents-behaviors-in-bullying
#15
Tiziana Pozzoli, Gianluca Gini, Gianmarco Altoè
This study investigated whether different behaviors young adolescents can act during bullying episodes were associated with their ability to recognize morphed facial expressions of the six basic emotions, expressed at high and low intensity. The sample included 117 middle-school students (45.3% girls; mean age = 12.4 years) who filled in a peer nomination questionnaire and individually performed a computerized emotion recognition task. Bayesian generalized mixed-effects models showed a complex picture, in which type and intensity of emotions, students' behavior and gender interacted in explaining recognition accuracy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130538/-what-if-this-is-my-chance-to-save-my-life-a-semi-structured-interview-study-on-the-motives-and-experiences-of-esrd-patients-who-engaged-in-public-solicitation-of-a-living-kidney-donor
#16
Mathilde C Pronk, Dorthe Slaats, Willij C Zuidema, Medard T Hilhorst, Frank J M F Dor, Michiel Betjes, Willem Weimar, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Emma K Massey
The increase of patients using public solicitation (PS) to find a living kidney donor has generated a debate about the ethical complexities of PS. To investigate why patients engaged in PS and what they experienced during PS we conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 Dutch end-stage renal disease patients who had publicly solicited a living donor. Transcipts were thematically analyzed. We identified ten themes on patients' considerations preceding PS: cautiousness in discussing living donation within social network; reluctance to accept a kidney from loved ones; rejection/withdrawal of related donor candidates; moral objections to black market organs/paid donation; the ease of social media; encouraged by others; ends justyfying the means; despair and urge to take action; public disclosure of vulnerability; fear of being (perceived to be) selfish...
November 12, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#17
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123493/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-affects-judgments-of-moral-violations
#18
Hong Yuan, Serik Tabarak, Wenxin Su, Yong Liu, Jing Yu, Xu Lei
Previous studies show that neural activities in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) are correlated with moral processing during picture viewing tasks. In this study, we applied transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to determine whether this non-invasive brain stimulation technique could modulate the evaluation of moral violations. Sixty-four subjects were randomly recruited, separated into different groups and tested with 42 pairs of pictures depicting moral violations. Each subject was required to rate the pictures two separate times, i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122031/contempt%C3%A2-%C3%A2-where-the-modularity-of-the-mind-meets-the-modularity-of-the-brain
#19
Danilo Bzdok, Leonhard Schilbach
"Contempt" is proposed to be a unique aspect of human nature, yet a non-natural kind. Its psychological construct is framed as a sentiment emerging from a stratification of diverse basic emotions and dispositional attitudes. Accordingly, "contempt" might transcend traditional conceptual levels in social psychology, including experience and recognition of emotion, dyadic and group dynamics, context-conditioned attitudes, time-enduring personality structure, and morality. This strikes us as a modern psychological account of a high-level, social-affective cognitive facet that joins forces with recent developments in the social neuroscience by drawing psychological conclusions from brain biology...
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122029/above-and-below-the-surface-genetic-and-cultural-factors-in-the-development-of-values
#20
Sara Dellantonio, Luigi Pastore, Gianluca Esposito
In the Attitude-Scenario-Emotion (ASE) model, social relationships are subpersonnally realized by sentiments: a network of emotions/attitudes representing relational values. We discuss how relational values differ from moral values and raise the issue of their ontogeny from genetic and cultural factors. Because relational values develop early in life, they cannot rely solely on cognition as suggested by the notion of attitude.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
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