keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Moral emotion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068125/our-moral-choices-are-foreign-to-us
#1
Joanna D Corey, Sayuri Hayakawa, Alice Foucart, Melina Aparici, Juan Botella, Albert Costa, Boaz Keysar
Though moral intuitions and choices seem fundamental to our core being, there is surprising new evidence that people resolve moral dilemmas differently when they consider them in a foreign language (Cipolletti et al., 2016; Costa et al., 2014a; Geipel et al., 2015): People are more willing to sacrifice 1 person to save 5 when they use a foreign language compared with when they use their native tongue. Our findings show that the phenomenon is robust across various contexts and that multiple factors affect it, such as the severity of the negative consequences associated with saving the larger group...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061003/is-it-advisable-to-include-negative-attributes-to-assess-the-stereotype-content-yes-but-only-in-the-morality-dimension
#2
Pablo Sayans-Jiménez, Antonio José Rojas Tejada, Isabel Cuadrado Guirado
Competence, morality and sociability dimensions have shown to be essential to measure stereotypes. Theoretically, the attributes associated with the negative pole of morality are more reliable and have shown to have higher evaluative weight. However, the current research usually employs only positive attributes to measure each dimension. Since the advantages of the inclusion of negative morality are clear it would be interesting to know about the effects of the inclusion of such type of attributes (i.e., it is good or bad for the measurement)...
January 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045885/moral-distress-model-reconstructed-using-grounded-theory
#3
Hsun-Kuei Ko, Chi-Chun Chin, Min-Tao Hsu
BACKGROUND: The problems of nurse burnout and manpower shortage relate to moral distress. Thus, having a good understanding of moral distress is critical to developing strategies that effectively improve the clinical ethical climate and improve nursing retention in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to reconstruct the model of moral distress using the grounded theory. METHODS: Twenty-five staff nurses at work units who attend to the needs of adult, pediatric, acute, and critical disease or end-of-life-care patients were recruited as participants using theoretical sampling from three teaching hospitals in Taiwan...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027675/nurses-moral-experiences-of-assisted-death
#4
James Elmore, David Kenneth Wright, Maude Paradis
BACKGROUND: Legislative changes are resulting in assisted death as an option for people at the end of life. Although nurses' experiences and perspectives are underrepresented within broader ethical discourses about assisted death, there is a small but significant body of literature examining nurses' experiences of caring for people who request this option. AIM: To synthesize what has been learned about nurses' experiences of caring for patients who request assisted death and to highlight what is morally at stake for nurses who undertake this type of care...
January 1, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999559/will-i-regret-it-anticipated-negative-emotions-modulate-choices-in-moral-dilemmas
#5
Carolina Pletti, Lorella Lotto, Alessandra Tasso, Michela Sarlo
We tested if post-decisional emotions of regret, guilt, shame, anger, and disgust can account for individuals' choices in moral dilemmas depicting the choice of letting some people die (non-utilitarian option) or sacrificing one person to save them (utilitarian option). We collected participants' choices and post-decisional emotional ratings for each option using Footbridge-type dilemmas, in which the sacrifice of one person is the means to save more people, and Trolley-type dilemmas, in which the sacrifice is only a side effect...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993262/-the-recognition-of-emotions-empathy-and-moral-judgment-in-the-national-mental-health-survey-in-colombia-2015
#6
Diana Matallana, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Paulina Ramirez, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Martin Rondon
BACKGROUND: Social cognition refers to the mental processes involved in social interactions. Different aspects, such as the perception of others, self-knowledge, motivation and the cultural context, can modulate empathy responses and moral judgments regarding the actions of others. The National Mental Health Survey (ENSM for its acronym in Spanish) explored aspects of social cognition such as the perception of emotions, empathy and moral judgment in situations in which another person experiences pain...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986458/use-of-foul-language-among-chinese-adolescents-developmental-change-and-relations-with-psychosocial-competences
#7
Daniel T L Shek, Li Lin
PURPOSE: The use of foul language becomes increasingly popular among youth, yet scientific research on this topic is grossly missing in the literature. This longitudinal study examined the developmental change of foul language use and its relations to emotional competence, social competence, and moral competence over high school years. METHODS: Data were from a six-year longitudinal study between grade 7 and grade 12 with an annual assessment on 3,328 Hong Kong adolescents (mean age = 12...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984674/abortion-stigma-among-low-income-women-obtaining-abortions-in-western-pennsylvania-a-qualitative-assessment
#8
Amanda Gelman, Elian A Rosenfeld, Cara Nikolajski, Lori R Freedman, Julia R Steinberg, Sonya Borrero
CONTEXT: Abortion stigma may cause psychological distress in women who are considering having an abortion or have had one. This phenomenon has been relatively underexplored in low-income women, who may already be at an increased risk for poor abortion-related outcomes because of difficulties accessing timely and safe abortion services. METHODS: A qualitative study conducted between 2010 and 2013 used semistructured interviews to explore pregnancy intentions among low-income women recruited from six reproductive health clinics in Western Pennsylvania...
December 16, 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982502/the-emotion-of-compassion-and-the-likelihood-of-its-expression-in-nursing-practice
#9
Roger Alan Newham
Philosophical and empirical work on the nature of the emotions is extensive, and there are many theories of emotions. However, all agree that emotions are not knee jerk reactions to stimuli and are open to rational assessment or warrant. This paper's focus is on the condition or conditions for compassion as an emotion and the likelihood that it or they can be met in nursing practice. Thus, it is attempting to keep, as far as possible, compassion as an emotion separate from both moral norms and professional norms...
December 16, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976623/social-cognition-in-normal-and-pathological-aging
#10
Jonathan Fortier, Jérémy Besnard, Philippe Allain
The concept of social cognition refers to a set of skills and to emotional and social experiences regulating relationships between individuals. This concept is appropriate in order to help us to explain individual human behaviours and behaviours in groups. Social cognition involves social knowledge, perception and processing of social cues, and the representation of mental states. The concept of social cognition thus refers to a multitude of skills. This paper stops on several of them, namely theory of mind, empathy, moral reasoning, emotional processing and emotional regulation...
December 1, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974421/amoral-enhancement
#11
Saskia E Verkiel
Moral enhancement can be an attractive proposal, but contrary to cognitive enhancement, it is hard to define what kind of intervention would constitute moral enhancement. In an ongoing debate about the subject, Douglas argued that biomedically decreasing countermoral emotions would do so and would be morally permissible in particular cases. Harris disagreed, and one of his arguments is that failing to address the intellectual aspects of moral decisions-and simply targeting countermoral emotions-would effectively undermine our freedom by reducing our options to act immorally...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957287/the-doctor-patient-relationship-toward-a-conceptual-re-examination
#12
Hamidreza Namazi, Kiarash Aramesh, Bagher Larijani
The nature of the doctor-patient relationship as a keystone of care necessitates philosophical, psychological and sociological considerations. The present study investigates concepts related to these three critical views considered especially important. From the philosophical viewpoint, the three concepts of "the demands of ethics "," ethical phenomenology and "the philosophy of the relationship" are of particular importance. From a psychological point of view, the five concepts of "communication behavior patterns" (including submissiveness, dominance, aggression, and assertiveness), "psychic distance", "emotional quotient", "conflict between pain relief and truth-telling", and "body language" have received specific emphasis...
2016: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936830/promoting-personal-resources-and-reducing-exhaustion-through-positive-work-reflection-among-caregivers
#13
Elisa Clauss, Annekatrin Hoppe, Deirdre O'Shea, M Gloria González Morales, Anna Steidle, Alexandra Michel
The aim of this study was to test the effects of a daily positive work reflection intervention on fostering personal resources (i.e., hope and optimism) and decreasing exhaustion (i.e., emotional exhaustion and fatigue) among caregivers for the elderly and caregivers who provide services at patients' homes. Using an intervention/waitlist control group design, 46 caregivers in an intervention group were compared with 44 caregivers in a control group at 3 points of measurement: pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at a 2-week follow-up...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933026/fitness-costs-predict-emotional-moral-and-attitudinal-inbreeding-aversion
#14
Florence Lespiau, Gwenaël Kaminski
In terms of sexual intercourse, the very last people we think about are our kin. Imagining inbreeding intercourse, whether it involves our closest kin or not, induces aversion in most people who invoke inbreeding depression problems or cultural considerations. Research has focused on the disgust felt when facing inbreeding intercourse between close kin but little is known about other responses. In this study, we considered the influence of fitness costs on aversive reactions by including disgust and emotional reaction as well as moral judgment and attitudes toward inbreeding: higher costs should induce a stronger aversive reaction...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933017/why-acting-environmentally-friendly-feels-good-exploring-the-role-of-self-image
#15
Leonie A Venhoeven, Jan Willem Bolderdijk, Linda Steg
Recent research suggests that engagement in environmentally-friendly behavior can feel good. Current explanations for such a link do not focus on the nature of environmentally-friendly behavior itself, but rather propose well-being is more or less a side-benefit; behaviors that benefit environmental quality (e.g., spending one's money on people rather than products) also tend to make us feel good. We propose that the moral nature of environmentally-friendly behavior itself may elicit positive emotions as well, because engaging in this behavior can signal one is an environmentally-friendly and thus a good person...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922557/embryonic-stem-cell-research-a-policy-analysis
#16
Hermine Warren
Many health care issues generate minimal passion, promoting benign commentary and support from the various stakeholders involved. Stem cell research does not fall into this category, and on the contrary, embryonic stem cell (ESC) research has continued to foster controversy and emotion. Since 1998, which marked the first successful laboratory isolation of ESCs, this research continues to ignite moral, ethical, and legal debate over its efficacy. The focus of this policy analysis is to introduce the issues, examine and address the various perspectives that surround ESC research, and present policy options and/or solutions that may be used to successfully create a policy consensus regarding this much debated topic...
October 2016: Plastic Surgical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920737/facets-of-the-fundamental-content-dimensions-agency-with-competence-and-assertiveness-communion-with-warmth-and-morality
#17
Andrea E Abele, Nicole Hauke, Kim Peters, Eva Louvet, Aleksandra Szymkow, Yanping Duan
Agency (A) and communion (C) are fundamental content dimensions. We propose a facet-model that differentiates A into assertiveness (AA) and competence (AC) and C into warmth (CW) and morality (CM). We tested the model in a cross-cultural study by comparing data from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the USA (overall N = 1.808). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported our model. Both the two-factor model and the four-factor model showed good fit indices across countries. Participants answered additional measures intended to demonstrate the fruitfulness of distinguishing the facets...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918978/you-and-me-investigating-the-role-of-self-evaluative-emotion-in-preschool-prosociality
#18
Josephine Ross
Self-evaluative emotions depend on internalized social standards and motivate social action. However, there is a lack of empirical research documenting the impact of self-evaluative emotion on 3- and 4-year-olds' prosociality. Extant research relates children's experiences of guilt to empathetic concern and making amends. However, the relationship between guilt and both concern and making amends is potentially reductive. Empathetic concern involves similar bodily expressions to guilt, and amend making is used to distinguish guilt from shame in children...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918062/harm-aversion-explains-utilitarian-choices-in-moral-decision-making-in-males-but-not-in-females
#19
G Rota, S Palumbo, N Lattanzi, A Manfrinati, M Sarlo, L Lotto, P Pietrini, R Rumiati, S Pellegrini
In recent years, a great deal of research has relied on hypothetical sacrificial dilemmas to investigate decision-making processes involved in pro-social utilitarian choices. Recent evidence, however, has suggested that moral sacrificial choices may actually reflect reduced harm aversion and antisocial dispositions rather than an utilitarian inclination. Here, we used moral dilemmas to confront healthy volunteers with controversial action choices. We measured impulsiveness and venturesomeness personality traits, which have been shown to influence harm aversion, to test their role in utilitarian action and evaluation of moral acceptability...
June 1, 2016: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903725/hippocampal-damage-increases-deontological-responses-during-moral-decision-making
#20
Cornelia McCormick, Clive R Rosenthal, Thomas D Miller, Eleanor A Maguire
: Complex moral decision making is associated with the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in humans, and damage to this region significantly increases the frequency of utilitarian judgments. Since the vmPFC has strong anatomical and functional links with the hippocampus, here we asked how patients with selective bilateral hippocampal damage would derive moral decisions on a classic moral dilemmas paradigm. We found that the patients approved of the utilitarian options significantly less often than control participants, favoring instead deontological responses-rejecting actions that harm even one person...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
84678
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"