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Moral emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681643/prevalence-of-alexithymia-in-eating-disorders-in-a-clinical-sample-of-800-mexican-patients
#1
Jorge Armando Barriguete-Meléndez, Ana Pérez-Bustinzar, Rocío Ivonne de la Vega-Morales, José Ángel Córdova-Villalobos, Jorge Manuel Sánchez-González, Paola Barriguete-Chávez Peón, Luis Rojo-Moreno
Introduction: The inability to identify, express feelings, and not distinguish between emotions and bodily sensations, is known as alexithymia. In 1988, it developed The Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), consists of 20 items and three factors: a) difficulty of identifying feelings and differences between feelings and bodily sensations; b) difficulty of describing feelings; and c) externally oriented thinking. It's considered that people with eating disorders have specific deficits in identify and communicate their feelings...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679885/the-influence-of-religious-concepts-on-the-effects-of-blame-appraisals-on-negative-emotions
#2
Eddie M W Tong, Alan Q H Teo
This research examined the regulatory effects of religious concepts on appraisal-emotion processes, focusing on concepts related to God and the relationships between blame appraisals and anger and guilt. In two experimental studies (Studies 1 and 2), blame appraisals were manipulated while participants were exposed to a God or neutral prime, in the context of a failed laboratory task. In an event-sampling study (Study 3), daily blame appraisals and emotions were measured repeatedly in naturalistic environments and their relationships under high perceived moral unacceptability were examined in relation to participants' the tendency to focus on God (God-focus)...
April 18, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673084/impairment-in-judgement-of-the-moral-emotion-guilt-following-orbitofrontal-cortex-damage
#3
Michitaka Funayama, Akihiro Koreki, Taro Muramatsu, Masaru Mimura, Motoichiro Kato, Takayuki Abe
Although neuroimaging studies have provided evidence for an association between moral emotions and the orbitofrontal cortex, studies on patients with focal lesions using experimental probes of moral emotions are scarce. Here, we addressed this topic by presenting a moral emotion judgement task to patients with focal brain damage. Four judgement tasks in a simple pairwise choice paradigm were given to 72 patients with cerebrovascular disease. These tasks consisted of a perceptual line judgement task as a control task; the objects' preference task as a basic preference judgement task; and two types of moral emotion judgement task, an anger task and a guilt task...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669617/does-a-modified-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-course-have-the-potential-to-reduce-stress-and-burnout-in-nhs-gps-feasibility-study
#4
Kate Hamilton-West, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Neil Pillai
AimTo explore, for the first time, whether a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) course has the potential to reduce stress and burnout among National Health Service (NHS) General Practitioners. BACKGROUND: There is a crisis of low morale among NHS GPs, with most describing their workload as 'unmanageable'. MBCT has been demonstrated to improve stress and burnout in other populations, but has not yet been evaluated in a cohort of NHS GPs. METHODS: NHS GPs in South East England (n=22) attended a modified version of the MBCT course approved by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for prevention of depressive relapse...
April 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663656/immoral-behaviour-following-brain-damage-a-review
#5
Stefanie Roberts, Julie D Henry, Pascal Molenberghs
Despite the apparent sociability of human kind, immoral behaviour is ever present in society. The term 'immoral behaviour' represents a complex array of conduct, ranging from insensitivity to topics of conversation through to violent assault and murder. To better understand the neuroscience of immoral behaviour, this review investigates two clinical populations that commonly present with changes in moral behaviour - behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia and acquired brain injuries. Based on evidence from these groups, it is argued that rather than a single underlying cause, immoral behaviour can result from three distinct types of cognitive failure: (1) problems understanding others; (2) difficulties controlling behaviour; or (3) deficits in the capacity to make appropriate emotional contributions...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663396/internet-trolling-and-everyday-sadism-parallel-effects-on-pain-perception-and-moral-judgment
#6
Erin E Buckels, Paul D Trapnell, Tamara Andjelovic, Delroy L Paulhus
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association between online trolling and sadistic personality; and provide evidence that the reward and rationalization processes at work in sadism are likewise manifest in online trolling. METHOD: Online respondents (total N = 1,715) completed self-report measures of personality and trolling behavior. They subsequently engaged in one of two judgment tasks. In Study 1, respondents viewed stimuli depicting scenes of emotional/physical suffering, and provided ratings of (a) perceived pain intensity and (b) pleasure experienced while viewing the photos...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649338/guilt-leads-to-enhanced-facing-the-viewer-bias
#7
Mowei Shen, Chengfeng Zhu, Huayu Liao, Haihang Zhang, Jifan Zhou, Zaifeng Gao
As an important moral emotion, guilt plays a critical role in social interaction. It has been found that people tended to exhibit prosocial behavior under circumstances of guilt. However, all extant studies have predominantly focused on the influence of guilt on macro-level behavior. So far, no study has investigated whether guilt affects people's micro-level perception. The current study closes this gap by examining whether guilt affects one's inclination to perceive approaching motion. We achieved this aim by probing a facing-the-viewer bias (FTV bias)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643372/good-and-bad-love-and-intimacy-from-plato-to-melanie-klein
#8
David Stromberg
Melanie Klein's theories on love outline a complex system of relations-an oscillating dynamic of psychical and emotional tendencies following from both actual experience and fantasies produced by the mind. Her insights are often discussed and applied in psychoanalytical contexts, but the philosophical implications of her theory-especially in relation to Platonic thought-have rarely been discussed. In this article, I will attempt to address this gap by setting out some preliminary yet core considerations shared by both Plato and Klein...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619000/developing-organizational-competences-for-conflict-management-the-use-of-the-prisoner-s-dilemma-in-higher-education
#9
Andreina Bruno, Giuseppina Dell'Aversana, Gloria Guidetti
Interpersonal relationship require sophisticated competences of cohabitation. However, the availability of training tools to develop conflict management skills is limited and problematic. The prisoner's dilemma game (PDG), the most widely known example of game theory, a nonzero-sum game, has been used, in higher education, to provide students with an opportunity of active learning and for understanding counterintuitive concepts. It creates a condition of emotive, moral and decisional conflict in and between agents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601502/demographics-and-psychological-factors-associated-with-adiposity-in-nurses
#10
Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Reyna Sámano, Daniela Chinchilla-Ochoa, Rosa Morales-Hernández, Ana Rodríguez-Ventura
Adiposity-based chronic disease (ABCD), overweight-Ow- or obesity-Ob-) in health personnel is as frequent as in the general population, even though they understand well the importance of maintaining a healthy weight. Thus, it is highly likely that certain demographic and psychological conditions, independently of knowledge, are contributing to develop ABCD. The aim of this study was to examine the association between these factors and ABCD in nurses. Data were collected from a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary level institute in Mexico City from 2012 to 2013...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601485/biopsychosocial-assessment-of-pain-with-thermal-imaging-of-emotional-facial-expression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
David Alberto Rodríguez Medina, Benjamín Domínguez Trejo, Patricia Cortés Esteban, Irving Armando Cruz Albarrán, Luis Alberto Morales Hernández, Gerardo Leija Alva
Background : Recent research has evaluated psychological and biological characteristics associated with pain in survivors of breast cancer (BC). Few studies consider their relationship with inflammatory activity. Voluntary facial expressions modify the autonomic activity and this may be useful in the hospital environment for clinical biopsychosocial assessment of pain. Methods: This research compared a BC survivors group under integral treatment (Oncology, Psychology, Nutrition) with a control group to assess the intensity of pain, behavioral interference, anxiety, depression, temperament-expression, anger control, social isolation, emotional regulation, and alexithymia and inflammatory activity, with salivary interleukin 6 (IL-6)...
March 30, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601288/emotional-numbing-symptoms-partially-mediate-the-association-between-exposure-to-potentially-morally-injurious-experiences-and-sexual-anxiety-for-male-service-members
#12
Arjun Bhalla, Elizabeth Allen, Keith Renshaw, Jessica Kenny, Brett Litz
Service members (SMs) returning from deployment are at risk of a range of sexual problems, some of which are thought to be related to psychological issues that may arise during deployment or combat. The current study sought to examine whether exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) was associated with sexual anxiety (SA) above and beyond combat exposure and whether any such association was mediated by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters. These questions were tested using data from self-report surveys collected from 221 partnered male Army (Active Duty, National Guard, or Reserve) SMs at three separate time points...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595892/pediatric-perioperative-nurses-and-the-ethics-of-organ-donation-after-cardiac-death
#13
Elizabeth A Austin, Pamela Lovett, Wendy C Moore, Ingrid Zuzarte
Pediatric perioperative nurses are experiencing increased opportunities to participate in donations after cardiac death. An increased public awareness regarding transplantation has inspired more people to donate than in previous years. The demand for transplantable organs has led to opportunities that have increased donor candidates including living donors and cardiac death donors. Cardiac death in children is often sudden and unexpected, and is an emotional time not only for the family members but also for the hospital staff members, including perioperative nurses...
April 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590533/three-unresolved-issues-in-human-morality
#14
Jerome Kagan
This article discusses three major, but related, controversies surrounding the idea of morality. Is the complete pattern of features defining human morality unique to this species? How context dependent are moral beliefs and the emotions that often follow a violation of a moral standard? What developmental sequence establishes a moral code? This essay suggests that human morality rests on a combination of cognitive and emotional processes that are missing from the repertoires of other species. Second, the moral evaluation of every behavior, whether by self or others, depends on the agent, the action, the target of the behavior, and the context...
March 1, 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576725/are-there-gender-differences-in-emotion-comprehension-analysis-of-the-test-of-emotion-comprehension
#15
Angel M Fidalgo, Harriet R Tenenbaum, Ana Aznar
This article examines whether there are gender differences in understanding the emotions evaluated by the Test of Emotion Comprehension (TEC). The TEC provides a global index of emotion comprehension in children 3-11 years of age, which is the sum of the nine components that constitute emotion comprehension: (1) recognition of facial expressions, (2) understanding of external causes of emotions, (3) understanding of desire-based emotions, (4) understanding of belief-based emotions, (5) understanding of the influence of a reminder on present emotional states, (6) understanding of the possibility to regulate emotional states, (7) understanding of the possibility of hiding emotional states, (8) understanding of mixed emotions, and (9) understanding of moral emotions...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574503/evidence-emotion-and-eminence-a-qualitative-and-evaluative-analysis-of-doctors-skills-in-macroallocation
#16
Siun Gallagher, Miles Little, Claire Hooker
In this analysis of the ethical dimensions of doctors' participation in macroallocation we set out to understand the skills they use, how they are acquired, and how they influence performance of the role. Using the principles of grounded moral analysis, we conducted a semi-structured interview study with Australian doctors engaged in macroallocation. We found that they performed expertise as argument, bringing together phronetic and rhetorical skills founded on communication, strategic thinking, finance, and health data...
March 24, 2018: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572778/the-intersection-of-emotional-and-sociocognitive-competencies-with-civic-engagement-in-middle-childhood-and-adolescence
#17
Aaron Metzger, Lauren M Alvis, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Elizabeth Babskie, Amy Syvertsen, Laura Wray-Lake
Civic developmental theory anticipates connections between normative developmental competencies and civic engagement, but little previous research has directly studied such links. The current study sought to contribute to civic development theory by examining associations between emotional and sociocognitive competencies (empathy, emotion regulation, prosocial moral reasoning, future-orientation) and civic engagement (volunteering, informal helping, political behaviors and beliefs, environmental behaviors, social responsibility values, civic skills)...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552347/journalists-covering-the-refugee-and-migration-crisis-are-affected-by-moral-injury-not-ptsd
#18
Anthony Feinstein, Bennis Pavisian, Hannah Storm
Objective: To explore the emotional health of journalists covering the migrations of refugees across Europe. Design: Descriptive. A secure website was established and participants were given their unique identifying number and password to access the site. Setting: Newsrooms and in the field. Participants: Responses were received from 80 (70.2%) of 114 journalists from nine news organisations. Main outcome measures: Symptoms of PTSD (Impact of Events Scale-revised), depression (Beck Depression Inventory-Revised) and moral injury (Moral Injury Events Scale-revised)...
March 2018: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533690/nurses-experiences-of-assessing-suicide-risk-in-specialised-mental-health-outpatient-care-in-rural-areas
#19
Leila Jansson, Ulla Hällgren Graneheim
This study describes nurses' experiences of assessing suicide risk in specialised mental health outpatient care in rural areas in Sweden. We used a qualitative, descriptive design based on twelve interviews that were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The results showed that the nurses felt anguish due to a lack of control. They expressed uncertainty and loneliness, and they struggled with ethical issues and organisational challenges. Having the sole responsibility to assess suicide risk can increase a person's emotional vulnerability and moral stress...
March 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516303/living-slow-and-being-moral-life-history-predicts-the-dual-process-of-other-centered-reasoning-and-judgments
#20
Nan Zhu, Skyler T Hawk, Lei Chang
Drawing from the dual process model of morality and life history theory, the present research examined the role of cognitive and emotional processes as bridges between basic environmental challenges (i.e., unpredictability and competition) and other-centered moral orientation (i.e., prioritizing the welfare of others). In two survey studies, cognitive and emotional processes represented by future-oriented planning and emotional attachment, respectively (Study 1, N = 405), or by perspective taking and empathic concern, respectively (Study 2, N = 424), positively predicted other-centeredness in prosocial moral reasoning (Study 1) and moral judgment dilemmas based on rationality or intuition (Study 2)...
March 8, 2018: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
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