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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771825/mother-child-relationship-in-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-their-siblings
#1
Jane Pei-Chen Chang, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Despite impaired mother-child interactions noted in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there is no such information for their siblings. This study aimed to test whether the affected and unaffected siblings, like youth with ADHD, also encountered impaired mothering and mother-child relationships as compared to typically developing youth (TD). The sample consisted of 122 probands (107 males, 87.7 %), aged 10-16, with DSM-IV ADHD, 44 affected (26 males, 59.1 %) and 78 unaffected (28 males, 35...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559327/mother-child-communication-the-influence-of-adhd-symptomatology-and-executive-functioning-on-paralinguistic-style
#2
Elizabeth S Nilsen, Ami Rints, Nicole Ethier, Sarah Moroz
Paralinguistic style, involving features of speech such as pitch and volume, is an important aspect of one's communicative competence. However, little is known about the behavioral traits and cognitive skills that relate to these aspects of speech. This study examined the extent to which ADHD traits and executive functioning (EF) related to the paralinguistic styles of 8- to 12-year-old children and their mothers. Data was collected via parent report (ADHD traits), independent laboratory tasks of EF (working memory, inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility), and an interactive problem-solving task (completed by mothers and children jointly) which was coded for paralinguistic speech elements (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479477/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-the-mental-health-of-children-a-twin-study
#3
Ping Yin, Xiao Hou, Qing Qin, Wei Deng, Hua Hu, Qinghua Luo, Lian Du, Haitang Qiu, Tian Qiu, Yixiao Fu, Huaqing Meng, Tao Li
The current study explored the influences of genetic and environmental factors on the mental health of twins between ages 6 and 16. A total of 41 monozygotic (MZ) twins and 35 dizygotic twins were recruited. The psychological attributes and environmental information of children were evaluated. A significant correlation was found between twins in the diagnostic categories of any psychiatric disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)/hyperkinesis based on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scale in MZ twins...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474160/association-between-parenting-style-and-socio-emotional-and-academic-functioning-in-children-with-and-without-adhd-a-community-based-study
#4
Sampada Bhide, Emma Sciberras, Vicki Anderson, Philip Hazell, Jan M Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: In a community-based study, we examined parenting style and its relationship to functioning in 6- to 8-year-old children (n = 391; 66.2% male) with ADHD (n = 179), compared with non-ADHD controls (n = 212). METHOD: Parenting style was assessed using parent-reported (93.5% female) measures of warmth, consistency, and anger. Child socio-emotional and academic functioning was measured via parent- and teacher-reported scales, and direct academic assessment...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108417/insecure-maternal-attachment-is-associated-with-depression-in-adhd-children
#5
F López Seco, P Mundo-Cid, J Aguado-Gracia, A M Gaviria-Gómez, S Acosta-García, S Martí-Serrano, E Vilella, A Masana-Marín
The objective of this study was to analyze the possible association between maternal attachment style and comorbidity associated with childhood ADHD. We evaluated a total of 103 children with ADHD treated at a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Centre and their mothers. Comorbidity was evaluated using the MINI-KID interview. Maternal attachment was evaluated using the Adult Attachment Questionnaire. We considered child variables that could be associated with the clinical course of ADHD, such as symptom severity, age, gender, evolution time, academic level, and current pharmacological treatment; parental variables, such as the mother's psychiatric history, current psychopathology, marital status, academic level, income, and employment, were also considered...
December 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042071/occurrence-of-adhd-in-parents-of-adhd-children-in-a-clinical-sample
#6
Martina Starck, Julia Grünwald, Angelika A Schlarb
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that there is a large amount of research on childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment and an increasing amount of research on adult ADHD, little is known about the prevalence and influence of parental ADHD. Therefore, this study examined the frequency of parental ADHD in a clinical sample of German children suffering from ADHD. We also tried to find different levels of symptom severity for prognostic relevance. Furthermore, the association between subtypes of ADHD in children and their parents was investigated...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968314/editorial-perspective-how-to-optimise-frequency-band-neurofeedback-for-adhd
#7
EDITORIAL
Annet Bluschke, Veit Roessner, Christian Beste
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent paediatric neuropsychiatric disorders and is characterised by hyperactivity, inattention and increased impulsivity. Children with ADHD are often also characterised by deficits in a variety of cognitive domains, including problems in working memory, a generally slower and more variable style of information processing and deficits in temporal processing, inhibitory functions and delay processing. Overarching executive functions like information updating, response inhibition and mental set shifting are also impaired in many, but not all, children with ADHD, demonstrating the neuropsychological heterogeneity characterising this disorder...
April 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388816/attachment-and-parental-reflective-functioning-features-in-adhd-enhancing-the-knowledge-on-parenting-characteristics
#8
Clarissa Cavallina, Chiara Pazzagli, Veronica Ghiglieri, Claudia Mazzeschi
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by a chronic, pervasive, and developmentally inappropriate levels of impulsivity and in attention. It is associated with adverse academic and social functions and stress to families. Studies provide evidence that family variables are correlated with this disorder and that parenting styles play an important role in its complexity. However, a thorough investigation of the impact of parental affective and relational aspects on the ADHD child's areas of functioning is still needed...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266395/unintentional-injuries-in-preschool-age-children-is-there-a-correlation-with-parenting-style-and-parental-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-symptoms
#9
Ethem Acar, Onur Burak Dursun, İbrahim Selcuk Esin, Hakan Öğütlü, Halil Özcan, Murat Mutlu
Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death among children. Previous research has shown that most of the injuries occur in and around the home. Therefore, parents have a key role in the occurrence and prevention of injuries. In this study, we examined the relationship among home injuries to children and parental attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, parental attitudes, and children's behavioral problems.Forty children who were admitted to the emergency department because of home injuries constitute the study group...
August 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26264632/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-parenting-styles
#10
Ali Karbalaei Sabagh, Mojgan Khademi, Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Katayoon Razjooyan, Fariba Arabgol
The aim of the present study was to compare the parenting styles in parents with and without adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who had children with ADHD. It was a case-control study with convenience sampling strategy. Participants were recruited from the parents of previously diagnosed children with ADHD referred to Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran/ Iran. Ninety parents with adult ADHD and 120 normal parents were chosen by Conner's Adult ADHD Screening Scale (CAARS) and psychiatrist interview...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262927/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-multimodal-treatment-and-longitudinal-outcome-evidence-paradox-and-challenge
#11
Stephen P Hinshaw, L Eugene Arnold
Given major increases in the diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and in rates of medication for this condition, we carefully examine evidence for effects of single versus multimodal (i.e., combined medication and psychosocial/behavioral) interventions for ADHD. Our primary data source is the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA), a 14-month, randomized clinical trial in which intensive behavioral, medication, and multimodal treatment arms were contrasted with one another and with community intervention (treatment-as-usual), regarding outcome domains of ADHD symptoms, comorbidities, and core functional impairments...
January 2015: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26053670/parenting-style-influences-bullying-a-longitudinal-study-comparing-children-with-and-without-behavioral-problems
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Khushmand Rajendran, Edyta Kruszewski, Jeffrey M Halperin
BACKGROUND: More optimal parenting has been linked with lower rates of bullying. However, it is not clear whether parenting can alter the trajectories of bullying among children diagnosed with ADHD or ODD as well as those who are not so diagnosed. This study examined whether parenting at age 4-5 years was associated with changes in bullying over the next 4 years among children with Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with and without comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) relative to children without these disorders...
February 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26024216/analysis-of-personal-and-family-factors-in-the-persistence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-results-of-a-prospective-follow-up-study-in-childhood
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ana Miranda, Carla Colomer, M Inmaculada Fernández, M Jesús Presentación, Belén Roselló
OBJECTIVES: To study the course of ADHD during childhood and analyze possible personal and family predictor variables of the results. METHOD: Sixty-one children with ADHD who were between 6 and 12 years old at the baseline assessment were evaluated 30 months later (mean age at baseline: 8.70 ± 1.97; mean age at follow-up: 10.98 ± 2.19). Status of ADHD in follow-up was identified as persistent (met DSM-IV-TR criteria according to parents' and teachers' ratings), contextually persistent (met ADHD criteria according to one informant, and there was functional impairment) and remitted ADHD (with subthreshold clinical symptomatology)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25791080/sex-specific-and-time-dependent-effects-of-prenatal-stress-on-the-early-behavioral-symptoms-of-adhd-a-longitudinal-study-in-china
#14
Peng Zhu, Jia-Hu Hao, Rui-Xue Tao, Kun Huang, Xiao-Min Jiang, Yuan-Duo Zhu, Fang-Biao Tao
There is increasing evidence that prenatal stressful life events (SLEs) may be a potential risk factor for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but the sex-specific and time-dependent effects of prenatal stress on ADHD are less clear. In this prospective longitudinal study, data on prenatal SLEs during different stages of gestation and indicators of buffers against stress, including maternal social support and avoidance coping, were obtained from 1765 pregnant women at 32 weeks of gestation. The behavioral symptoms of ADHD in children aged 48-54 months were evaluated by reports from the parents...
September 2015: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25558298/adhd-multimodal-treatment-and-longitudinal-outcome-evidence-paradox-and-challenge
#15
Stephen P Hinshaw, L Eugene Arnold
Given major increases in the diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and in rates of medication for this condition, we carefully examine evidence for effects of single versus multimodal (i.e., combined medication and psychosocial/behavioral) interventions for ADHD. Our primary data source is the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA), a 14-month, randomized clinical trial in which intensive behavioral, medication, and multimodal treatment arms were contrasted with one another and with community intervention (treatment-as-usual), regarding outcome domains of ADHD symptoms, comorbidities, and core functional impairments...
January 2015: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25465651/co-occurrence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-with-other-psychopathology-in-young-adults-parenting-style-as-a-moderator
#16
Hsing-Chang Ni, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
The extent to which parenting styles can influence secondary psychiatric symptoms among young adults with ADHD symptoms is unknown. This issue was investigated in a sample of 2284 incoming college students (male, 50.6%), who completed standardized questionnaires about adult ADHD symptoms, other DSM-IV symptoms, and their parents' parenting styles before their ages of 16. Among them, 2.8% and 22.8% were classified as having ADHD symptoms and sub-threshold ADHD symptoms, respectively. Logistic regression was used to compare the comorbid rates of psychiatric symptoms among the ADHD, sub-threshold ADHD and non-ADHD groups while multiple linear regressions were used to examine the moderating role of gender and parenting styles over the associations between ADHD and other psychiatric symptoms...
February 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25252665/-discipline-styles-and-co-morbid-disorders-of-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-longitudinal-study
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Carla Colomer-Diago, Carmen Berenguer-Forner, Raúl Tárraga-Mínguez, Ana Miranda-Casas
INTRODUCTION: Problems in cognitive functioning, social and educational development of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continue to be present in adolescence and adulthood. Although the literature shows a significant relationship between the use of dysfunctional discipline methods and severity in the course of ADHD, follow-up studies have been rare. AIMS: To analyze parenting style and ADHD symptomatology assessed in childhood (time 1) to predict the oppositional behavior and cognitive problems in early adolescence (time 2), and to study, depending on the use of dysfunctional parenting style, the course of oppositional behavior and cognitive problems...
February 24, 2014: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25073079/the-health-consequences-of-child-mental-health-problems-and-parenting-styles-unintentional-injuries-among-european-schoolchildren
#18
Katherine M Keyes, Ezra Susser, Daniel J Pilowsky, Ava Hamilton, Adina Bitfoi, Dietmar Goelitz, Rowella C W M Kuijpers, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Roy Otten, Viviane Kovess
OBJECTIVE: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death for schoolchildren. We assessed the association between externalizing psychopathology, parenting style, and unintentional injury in European children in the community. METHODS: Data were drawn from the School Children Mental Health in Europe project and included 4517 schoolchildren across seven diverse European regions. Past-year injuries serious enough to seek medical attention were reported by mothers...
October 2014: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24995031/triple-p-positive-parenting-program-for-mothers-of-adhd-children
#19
Asma Aghebati, Banafsheh Gharraee, Mitra Hakim Shoshtari, Mahmood Reza Gohari
OBJECTIVE: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder which affects 9% of school-age children. Triple P-Positive Parenting Program is an evidence-based parenting program reported to be useful in the management of this disorder. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of Triple P in mothers of ADHD children. METHODS: In this study, 30 mothers with ADHD children aged between 6 to 10 were randomly assigned to two groups (15 participants in each group)...
2014: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24947880/construct-validity-of-the-parent-child-sleep-interactions-scale-psis-associations-with-parenting-family-stress-and-maternal-and-child-psychopathology
#20
Victoria C Smith, Katherine A Leppert, Candice A Alfano, Lea R Dougherty
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Using a multi-method design, this study examined the construct validity of the Parent-Child Sleep Interactions Scale (PSIS; Alfano et al., 2013), which measures sleep-related parenting behaviors and interactions that contribute to preschoolers' sleep problems. METHODS: Participants included a community sample of 155 preschoolers (ages 3-5years; 51.6% female). Primary caregivers completed the PSIS. Parenting styles and behaviors were assessed with laboratory observations and parent reports...
August 2014: Sleep Medicine
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