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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509968/sleep-problems-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-associations-with-parenting-style-and-sleep-hygiene
#1
Emma Sciberras, Jie Cheng Song, Melissa Mulraney, Tibor Schuster, Harriet Hiscock
We aimed to examine the association between sleep problems and parenting and sleep hygiene in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants included 5-13-year-old children with DSM 5 defined ADHD and a parent-reported moderate-to-severe sleep problem (N = 361). Sleep was assessed using the parent-reported Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Parents also completed checklists assessing sleep hygiene, parenting consistency, and parenting warmth. Linear regression established prediction models controlling for confounding variables including child age and sex, ADHD symptom severity, comorbidities, medication use, and socio-demographic factors...
May 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#2
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351374/working-memory-training-in-children-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders-and-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-functioning-the-role-of-coaching-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sammy Roording-Ragetlie, Helen Klip, Jan Buitelaar, Dorine Slaats-Willemse
BACKGROUND: Working memory training (WMT) has been shown to offer therapeutic benefits to both patients with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and patients with mild to borderline Intellectual Disabilities (MBID; 60 < IQ < 85). However, robust evidence for transfer effects and treatment benefits of WMT over placebo training are lacking. Owing to the nature of double-blind research designs in RCTs, children have received non-specific coaching not based on their actual training performance...
March 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291295/-association-between-parenting-styles-and-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Esra Çöp, S Ebru Çengel Kültür, Gülser Şenses Dinç
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study characteristics of child and mother reported parenting styles of children with Attention Deficit Hyperacitivity Disorder (ADHD) and association of parenting styles of mothers with demographic and clinical variables like ADHD symptoms, sex, age, ADHD subtype, and comorbidity. METHOD: 58 children with ADHD and 30 healthy children were included in this study. All children were assessed by The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children- Present and Lifetime Version...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072839/assessment-of-attention-deficits-in-adolescent-offspring-exposed-to-maternal-type-1-diabetes
#5
Birgitte Bytoft, Sine Knorr, Zuzana Vlachova, Rikke B Jensen, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Claus H Gravholt, Dorte M Jensen, Tine D Clausen, Erik L Mortensen, Peter Damm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the potential association between intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes and attention deficits in the offspring. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Adolescent offspring of a prospectively followed cohort of women with type 1 diabetes (n = 269) and a control group from the background population (n = 293) participated in a follow-up assessment in 2012-2013. We used scores from Conners Continuous Performance Test II to assess attention and based on a principal component analysis we evaluated scores on five different attention factors: focused attention, vigilance, hyperactivity/impulsivity, sustained attention and response style...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771825/mother-child-relationship-in-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-their-siblings
#6
Jane Pei-Chen Chang, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Despite impaired mother-child interactions noted in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there is no such information for their siblings. This study aimed to test whether the affected and unaffected siblings, like youth with ADHD, also encountered impaired mothering and mother-child relationships as compared to typically developing youth (TD). The sample consisted of 122 probands (107 males, 87.7 %), aged 10-16, with DSM-IV ADHD, 44 affected (26 males, 59.1 %) and 78 unaffected (28 males, 35...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559327/mother-child-communication-the-influence-of-adhd-symptomatology-and-executive-functioning-on-paralinguistic-style
#7
Elizabeth S Nilsen, Ami Rints, Nicole Ethier, Sarah Moroz
Paralinguistic style, involving features of speech such as pitch and volume, is an important aspect of one's communicative competence. However, little is known about the behavioral traits and cognitive skills that relate to these aspects of speech. This study examined the extent to which ADHD traits and executive functioning (EF) related to the paralinguistic styles of 8- to 12-year-old children and their mothers. Data was collected via parent report (ADHD traits), independent laboratory tasks of EF (working memory, inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility), and an interactive problem-solving task (completed by mothers and children jointly) which was coded for paralinguistic speech elements (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479477/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-the-mental-health-of-children-a-twin-study
#8
Ping Yin, Xiao Hou, Qing Qin, Wei Deng, Hua Hu, Qinghua Luo, Lian Du, Haitang Qiu, Tian Qiu, Yixiao Fu, Huaqing Meng, Tao Li
The current study explored the influences of genetic and environmental factors on the mental health of twins between ages 6 and 16. A total of 41 monozygotic (MZ) twins and 35 dizygotic twins were recruited. The psychological attributes and environmental information of children were evaluated. A significant correlation was found between twins in the diagnostic categories of any psychiatric disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)/hyperkinesis based on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scale in MZ twins...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474160/association-between-parenting-style-and-socio-emotional-and-academic-functioning-in-children-with-and-without-adhd-a-community-based-study
#9
Sampada Bhide, Emma Sciberras, Vicki Anderson, Philip Hazell, Jan M Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: In a community-based study, we examined parenting style and its relationship to functioning in 6- to 8-year-old children (n = 391; 66.2% male) with ADHD (n = 179), compared with non-ADHD controls (n = 212). METHOD: Parenting style was assessed using parent-reported (93.5% female) measures of warmth, consistency, and anger. Child socio-emotional and academic functioning was measured via parent- and teacher-reported scales, and direct academic assessment...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108417/insecure-maternal-attachment-is-associated-with-depression-in-adhd-children
#10
F López Seco, P Mundo-Cid, J Aguado-Gracia, A M Gaviria-Gómez, S Acosta-García, S Martí-Serrano, E Vilella, A Masana-Marín
The objective of this study was to analyze the possible association between maternal attachment style and comorbidity associated with childhood ADHD. We evaluated a total of 103 children with ADHD treated at a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Centre and their mothers. Comorbidity was evaluated using the MINI-KID interview. Maternal attachment was evaluated using the Adult Attachment Questionnaire. We considered child variables that could be associated with the clinical course of ADHD, such as symptom severity, age, gender, evolution time, academic level, and current pharmacological treatment; parental variables, such as the mother's psychiatric history, current psychopathology, marital status, academic level, income, and employment, were also considered...
December 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042071/occurrence-of-adhd-in-parents-of-adhd-children-in-a-clinical-sample
#11
Martina Starck, Julia Grünwald, Angelika A Schlarb
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that there is a large amount of research on childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment and an increasing amount of research on adult ADHD, little is known about the prevalence and influence of parental ADHD. Therefore, this study examined the frequency of parental ADHD in a clinical sample of German children suffering from ADHD. We also tried to find different levels of symptom severity for prognostic relevance. Furthermore, the association between subtypes of ADHD in children and their parents was investigated...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968314/editorial-perspective-how-to-optimise-frequency-band-neurofeedback-for-adhd
#12
EDITORIAL
Annet Bluschke, Veit Roessner, Christian Beste
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent paediatric neuropsychiatric disorders and is characterised by hyperactivity, inattention and increased impulsivity. Children with ADHD are often also characterised by deficits in a variety of cognitive domains, including problems in working memory, a generally slower and more variable style of information processing and deficits in temporal processing, inhibitory functions and delay processing. Overarching executive functions like information updating, response inhibition and mental set shifting are also impaired in many, but not all, children with ADHD, demonstrating the neuropsychological heterogeneity characterising this disorder...
April 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388816/attachment-and-parental-reflective-functioning-features-in-adhd-enhancing-the-knowledge-on-parenting-characteristics
#13
Clarissa Cavallina, Chiara Pazzagli, Veronica Ghiglieri, Claudia Mazzeschi
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by a chronic, pervasive, and developmentally inappropriate levels of impulsivity and in attention. It is associated with adverse academic and social functions and stress to families. Studies provide evidence that family variables are correlated with this disorder and that parenting styles play an important role in its complexity. However, a thorough investigation of the impact of parental affective and relational aspects on the ADHD child's areas of functioning is still needed...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266395/unintentional-injuries-in-preschool-age-children-is-there-a-correlation-with-parenting-style-and-parental-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-symptoms
#14
Ethem Acar, Onur Burak Dursun, İbrahim Selcuk Esin, Hakan Öğütlü, Halil Özcan, Murat Mutlu
Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death among children. Previous research has shown that most of the injuries occur in and around the home. Therefore, parents have a key role in the occurrence and prevention of injuries. In this study, we examined the relationship among home injuries to children and parental attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, parental attitudes, and children's behavioral problems.Forty children who were admitted to the emergency department because of home injuries constitute the study group...
August 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26264632/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-parenting-styles
#15
Ali Karbalaei Sabagh, Mojgan Khademi, Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Katayoon Razjooyan, Fariba Arabgol
The aim of the present study was to compare the parenting styles in parents with and without adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who had children with ADHD. It was a case-control study with convenience sampling strategy. Participants were recruited from the parents of previously diagnosed children with ADHD referred to Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran/ Iran. Ninety parents with adult ADHD and 120 normal parents were chosen by Conner's Adult ADHD Screening Scale (CAARS) and psychiatrist interview...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262927/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-multimodal-treatment-and-longitudinal-outcome-evidence-paradox-and-challenge
#16
Stephen P Hinshaw, L Eugene Arnold
Given major increases in the diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and in rates of medication for this condition, we carefully examine evidence for effects of single versus multimodal (i.e., combined medication and psychosocial/behavioral) interventions for ADHD. Our primary data source is the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA), a 14-month, randomized clinical trial in which intensive behavioral, medication, and multimodal treatment arms were contrasted with one another and with community intervention (treatment-as-usual), regarding outcome domains of ADHD symptoms, comorbidities, and core functional impairments...
January 2015: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26053670/parenting-style-influences-bullying-a-longitudinal-study-comparing-children-with-and-without-behavioral-problems
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Khushmand Rajendran, Edyta Kruszewski, Jeffrey M Halperin
BACKGROUND: More optimal parenting has been linked with lower rates of bullying. However, it is not clear whether parenting can alter the trajectories of bullying among children diagnosed with ADHD or ODD as well as those who are not so diagnosed. This study examined whether parenting at age 4-5 years was associated with changes in bullying over the next 4 years among children with Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with and without comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) relative to children without these disorders...
February 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26024216/analysis-of-personal-and-family-factors-in-the-persistence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-results-of-a-prospective-follow-up-study-in-childhood
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ana Miranda, Carla Colomer, M Inmaculada Fernández, M Jesús Presentación, Belén Roselló
OBJECTIVES: To study the course of ADHD during childhood and analyze possible personal and family predictor variables of the results. METHOD: Sixty-one children with ADHD who were between 6 and 12 years old at the baseline assessment were evaluated 30 months later (mean age at baseline: 8.70 ± 1.97; mean age at follow-up: 10.98 ± 2.19). Status of ADHD in follow-up was identified as persistent (met DSM-IV-TR criteria according to parents' and teachers' ratings), contextually persistent (met ADHD criteria according to one informant, and there was functional impairment) and remitted ADHD (with subthreshold clinical symptomatology)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25791080/sex-specific-and-time-dependent-effects-of-prenatal-stress-on-the-early-behavioral-symptoms-of-adhd-a-longitudinal-study-in-china
#19
Peng Zhu, Jia-Hu Hao, Rui-Xue Tao, Kun Huang, Xiao-Min Jiang, Yuan-Duo Zhu, Fang-Biao Tao
There is increasing evidence that prenatal stressful life events (SLEs) may be a potential risk factor for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but the sex-specific and time-dependent effects of prenatal stress on ADHD are less clear. In this prospective longitudinal study, data on prenatal SLEs during different stages of gestation and indicators of buffers against stress, including maternal social support and avoidance coping, were obtained from 1765 pregnant women at 32 weeks of gestation. The behavioral symptoms of ADHD in children aged 48-54 months were evaluated by reports from the parents...
September 2015: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25558298/adhd-multimodal-treatment-and-longitudinal-outcome-evidence-paradox-and-challenge
#20
Stephen P Hinshaw, L Eugene Arnold
Given major increases in the diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and in rates of medication for this condition, we carefully examine evidence for effects of single versus multimodal (i.e., combined medication and psychosocial/behavioral) interventions for ADHD. Our primary data source is the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA), a 14-month, randomized clinical trial in which intensive behavioral, medication, and multimodal treatment arms were contrasted with one another and with community intervention (treatment-as-usual), regarding outcome domains of ADHD symptoms, comorbidities, and core functional impairments...
January 2015: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
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