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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472782/grafting-improves-cucumber-water-stress-tolerance-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Abdulaziz R Al-Harbi, Abdulrasoul M Al-Omran, Khadiga Alharbi
Water scarcity is a major limiting factor for crop productivity in arid and semi-arid areas. Grafting elite commercial cultivars onto selected vigorous rootstocks is considered as a useful strategy to alleviate the impact of environmental stresses. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of using grafting to improve fruit yield and quality of cucumber under water stress conditions. Alosama F1 cucumber cultivar ( Cucumis sativus L.) was grafted onto Affyne ( Cucumis sativus L.) and Shintoza A90 ( Cucurbitamaxima × C...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456109/synthetic-strigolactone-analogues-reveal-anti-cancer-activities-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#2
Mohammed Nihal Hasan, Hani Choudhry, Syed Shoeb Razvi, Said Salama Moselhy, Taha Abduallah Kumosani, Mazin A Zamzami, Ziad Omran, Majed A Halwani, Salim Al-Babili, Khalid Omer Abualnaja, Abdulrahman Labeed Al-Malki, Mahmoud Alhosin, Tadao Asami
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. The complex etiology is attributed to many factors like heredity, cirrhosis, hepatitis infections or the dysregulation of the different molecular pathways. Nevertheless, the current treatment regimens have either severe side effects or tumors gradually acquire resistance upon prolonged use. Thus, developing a new selective treatment for HCC is the need of the hour. Many anticancer agents derived from plants have been evaluated for their cytotoxicity towards many human cancer cell lines...
February 9, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445614/serum-protein-electrophoretic-pattern-in-one-humped-camels-camelus-dromedarius-in-tripoli-libya
#3
Omran Abdoslam, Mahmoud Bayt-Almal, Abdullah Almghrbe, Omran Algriany
The aim of this study was to characterize serum protein capillary electrophoretic pattern in apparently healthy adult male (age: 3-7 years) dromedary camels and also evaluate total protein and albumin levels using automated analyzer. Blood samples were taken from 20 camels. 5ml of blood was collected from the jugular vein and serum was separated from samples by centrifugation. Capillary electrophoresis of serum proteins identified six protein fractions in adult camels, including albumin, alpha1, alpha2, beta1, beta2 and gamma globulins, serum levels of these parameters were 3...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428074/machine-learning-techniques-for-breast-cancer-computer-aided-diagnosis-using-different-image-modalities-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Nisreen I R Yassin, Shaimaa Omran, Enas M F El Houby, Hemat Allam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The high incidence of breast cancer in women has increased significantly in the recent years. Physician experience of diagnosing and detecting breast cancer can be assisted by using some computerized features extraction and classification algorithms. This paper presents the conduction and results of a systematic review (SR) that aims to investigate the state of the art regarding the computer aided diagnosis/detection (CAD) systems for breast cancer. METHODS: The SR was conducted using a comprehensive selection of scientific databases as reference sources, allowing access to diverse publications in the field...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416379/outcome-of-pregnancy-after-renal-transplantation
#5
Sarah Mohamed Hassan, Radwa Fahmy, Eman Fawzy Omran, Eman Aly Hussein, Wafaa Ramadan, Dalia Farouk Abdelazim
Aim: The aim of our study was to compare the outcome of pregnancy in patients who became pregnant within 24 months of renal transplantation and patients who became pregnant more than 24 months after renal transplantation. Materials and methods: The sample population of our prospective cohort study comprised of 44 patients who became pregnant following renal transplantation. In all cases, living donors were used for renal transplantation. The patients were allocated into either group A, which included 24 patients who became pregnant more than 24 months after renal transplantation, or group B, which included 20 patients who inadvertently became pregnant within 24 months of renal transplantation...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393758/risk-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-after-carotid-artery-stenting-versus-endarterectomy-a-population-based-study
#6
Mohamad A Hussain, Aziz S Alali, Muhammad Mamdani, Jack V Tu, Gustavo Saposnik, Konard Salata, Avery B Nathens, Charles de Mestral, Deepak L Bhatt, Subodh Verma, Mohammed Al-Omran
OBJECTIVE Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) associated with cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but major complication of carotid artery revascularization. The objective of this study was to compare the rate of ICH after carotid artery stenting (CAS) with that after endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS The authors performed a retrospective population-based cohort study of patients who underwent carotid artery revascularization in the province of Ontario, Canada, between 2002 and 2015. The primary outcome was the rate of ICH that occurred within 90 days after carotid artery intervention among patients who underwent CAS versus that of those who underwent CEA...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393690/benefits-of-vaginal-misoprostol-prior-to-iud-insertion-in-women-with-previous-caesarean-delivery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Ahmed M Maged, Gamal Youssef, Ashraf Eldaly, Eman Omran, Mohamed El Naggar, Ahmed Abdel Hak, Amal Kotb, Asmaa I Ogila
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the value of vaginal misoprostol 6 h prior to intrauterine device (IUD) insertion in women with previous Caesarean delivery. METHODS: A double-blind randomised controlled trial was conducted in 120 women who were eligible for IUD insertion. Participants were randomly divided to receive either 600 μg vaginal misoprostol or placebo 6 h before IUD insertion. The primary outcome measure was the pain score during the procedure...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387663/assessment-of-response-to-treatment-in-patients-with-otomycosis
#8
Keyvan Kiakojori, Nasim Bagherpour Jamnani, Soraya Khafri, Saeid Mahdavi Omran
Introduction: Due to the prevalence of otomycosis in the north of Iran, which has a humid climate, this study aimed to examine the recurrence rate of otomycosis in Iranian patients. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in all patients suspected of otomycosis referred to the Otorhinolaryngology Clinic of Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital of Babol. Demographic and clinical data of patients as well as their symptoms were collected in a checklist at referral time and also 14 days after referral...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387316/anti-coagulation-therapy-following-coronary-endarterectomy-in-patient-with-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#9
Hamdi Reza Vafaey, Mohammad Taghi Salehi Omran, Sadaf Abbaspour, Nadia Banihashem, Ghassem Faghanzadeh Ganji
Background: Since there is a lack of research on postoperative anticoagulation protocol in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) / coronary endarterectomy (CE), we recommend a new protocol for anticoagulation in these patients. Methods: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial study, 52 patients undergoing CABG / CE entered the study and were divided into two groups. In group 1, the patients were given warfarin(international normalized ratio (INR) between 2-3) together with 80 mg aspirin daily for 3 months...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385199/target-discovery-screens-using-pooled-shrna-libraries-and-next-generation-sequencing-a-model-workflow-and-analytical-algorithm
#10
Christiane Schaefer, Nikhil Mallela, Jochen Seggewiß, Birgit Lechtape, Heymut Omran, Uta Dirksen, Eberhard Korsching, Jenny Potratz
In the search for novel therapeutic targets, RNA interference screening has become a valuable tool. High-throughput technologies are now broadly accessible but their assay development from baseline remains resource-intensive and challenging. Focusing on this assay development process, we here describe a target discovery screen using pooled shRNA libraries and next-generation sequencing (NGS) deconvolution in a cell line model of Ewing sarcoma. In a strategy designed for comparative and synthetic lethal studies, we screened for targets specific to the A673 Ewing sarcoma cell line...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383718/urine-test-for-hpv-genotypes-as-a-predictor-of-precancerous-cervical-lesions-and-for-cervical-cancer-screening
#11
Ahmed M Maged, Hany Saad, Emad Salah, Hadeer Meshaal, Mostafa AbdElbar, Eman Omran, Ashraf Eldaly
OBJECTIVE: To assess the sensitivity of a urine test for high-risk HPV DNA genotypes in the detection of high-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesion (HSIL) and its correlation with pathologic precancerous lesions. METHODS: The present prospective cross-sectional study included women referred to Kasr AlAiny Medical School, Cairo, Egypt, for cervical smear anomalies, a history of cervical smear anomalies, or for suspicious cervix between May 1, 2015, and April 30, 2017...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356573/spur-of-the-moment-modification-in-national-treatment-policies-leads-to-a-surprising-hcv-viral-suppression-in-all-treated-patients-real-life-egyptian-experience
#12
Mohamed El Kassas, Dalia Omran, Kadry Elsaeed, Mohamed Alboraie, Wafaa Elakel, Adel El Tahan, Yasmeen Abd El Latif, Mohamed Mahmoud Nabeel, Mohamed Korany, Sameera Ezzat, Magdy El-Serafy, Yehia ElShazly, Wahid Doss, Gamal Esmat
The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the outcome of an unscheduled change in national Egyptian policies for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV), which was transpired as a result of a reduction in interferon supplies, and to manage patients who already started interferon-based therapy. After completing a priming 4-weeks course of sofosbuvir/pegylated interferon/ribavirin (SOF/PEG IFN/RBV), a 12-weeks course of sofosbuvir/daclatasvir (SOF/DCV) combination was initiated. We evaluated the sustained virologic response at 12 weeks posttreatment (SVR12) for 2 groups of patients; Group 1, which included patients who had the previous regimen with IFN priming, and group 2, which included the first consecutive group of patients who received SOF/DCV for 12 weeks from the start without IFN priming...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354425/autogenous-hamstring-bone-graft-preparation-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#13
Assem Mohamed Noureldin Zein, Mohamed Ali, Alaa Zenhom Mahmoud, Khaled Omran
Despite the popularity of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction procedures, the ideal graft for reconstruction remains a matter of controversy. The ideal graft for ACL reconstruction should have histologic and biomechanical characteristics similar to those of the native ACL; should be quickly and fully incorporated within the bony tunnels; should maintain its viscoelastic properties for a long time; should have minimal donor-site morbidity; should be of sufficient length and diameter; should have minimal adverse effects on the extensor mechanism; should have no risk of rejection or disease transmission; and should be cost-effective and readily available...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340671/trends-in-carotid-revascularization-procedures
#14
LETTER
Mohamad A Hussain, Deepak L Bhatt, Mohammed Al-Omran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319149/pr%C3%A3-valence-et-d%C3%A3-terminants-des-troubles-musculosquelettiques-des-membres-sup%C3%A3-rieurs-chez-les-artisans-tunisiens
#15
Amira Omrane, Imene Kacem, Meriem Heni, Adnene Henchi, Sana Elmhami, Irtyah Merchaoui, Awatef Kraiem, Taoufik Khalfallah, Lamia Bouzgarrou
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the upper limbs are a major occupational health problem. We report the results of a cross-sectional survey of 334 craftsmen from the governorate of Monastir in Tunisia. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of MSDs among these workers and determine their risk factors. A pre-established questionnaire based on the Nordic MSD questionnaires, Karassik and the one developed by Malchaire in 2000 was used. In the 12 months prior to the survey, the prevalence of MSDs was 92...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302553/breastfeeding-practice-and-knowledge-among-women-attending-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-2016
#16
Norah Faleh Al-Mutairi, Yousef Abdullah Al-Omran, P J Parameaswari
Introduction: Breast milk is the best natural essential nutrition to newborns and infants. However, the practice of breastfeeding (BF) has declined in Saudi Arabia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BF with their determinants among mothers in Riyadh. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 252 mothers attending the well-baby clinics in Riyadh from March 2016 to May 2017 were selected randomly with their consent and studied by a standardized questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302465/clinical-outcomes-of-pcsk9is-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#17
Rugheed Ghadban, Tariq Enezate, Jad Omran, Rajaa Almourani, Atul Singla, Sudarshan Balla
Background: Previous studies of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9Is) were not designed to detect clinical benefit and were underpowered for this outcome. However, recently published trials reported improvement in clinical outcomes. The aim of this meta-analysis to assess the impact of PCSK9Is on clinical outcomes. Methods: Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were queried from January 2000 through March 2017...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295662/use-of-beta-subunit-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-assay-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes
#18
Ashraf Eldaly, Eman Omran, Mohamed A Youssef, Ahmed Abdallah, Ahmed Metwally, Hisham Haggag, Rasha Elkaffas
PURPOSE: The study aimed at assessment of the accuracy of β-hCG test in vaginal washing fluid for diagnosis of prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two groups of pregnant women from 17 to 38 weeks of gestation were recruited. The first group (PROM group) included 50 pregnant women with unequivocal PROM. The other group included 50 pregnant women with intact membranes. Sterile speculum examination was performed. If less than 5 cc was collected or no fluid found, 10 cc sterile saline was sprinkled on the vaginal wall and 5 cc were recollected in a sterile syringe...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288388/correction-to-expanding-the-genetic-heterogeneity-of-intellectual-disability
#19
Shams Anazi, Sateesh Maddirevula, Vincenzo Salpietro, Yasmine T Asi, Saud Alsahli, Amal Alhashem, Hanan E Shamseldin, Fatema AlZahrani, Nisha Patel, Niema Ibrahim, Firdous M Abdulwahab, Mais Hashem, Nadia Alhashmi, Fathiya Al Murshedi, Adila Al Kindy, Ahmad Alshaer, Ahmed Rumayyan, Saeed Al Tala, Wesam Kurdi, Abdulaziz Alsaman, Ali Alasmari, Selina Banu, Tipu Sultan, Mohammed M Saleh, Hisham Alkuraya, Mustafa A Salih, Hesham Aldhalaan, Tawfeg Ben-Omran, Fatima Al Musafri, Rehab Ali, Jehan Suleiman, Brahim Tabarki, Ayman W El-Hattab, Caleb Bupp, Majid Alfadhel, Nada Al Tassan, Dorota Monies, Stefan T Arold, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Tammaryn Lashley, Henry Houlden, Eissa Faqeih, Fowzan S Alkuraya
Variant nomenclature discrepancy was identified in the article.
December 29, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285674/hcv-nonstructural-protein-4-is-associated-with-aggressiveness-features-of-breast-cancer
#20
Abdelfattah M Attallah, Mohamed El-Far, Mohamed A Abdelrazek, Mohamed M Omran, Ashraf Z Mahmoud, Hager S Khalifa, Mohamed M Ahmed, Ibrahim El-Dosoky
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has the lymphotropic feature that is supposed to be the reason of related extrahepatic manifestation. HCV viral oncoproteins may participate in the regulation of some gene expression that has been implicated in tumorigenesis. Our aim is to evaluate the HCV-NS4 circulating levels in breast cancer (BC) and to investigate its relation with BC tumor aggressiveness. METHODS: This study was performed among 158 Egyptian women (120 with BC and 38 with benign breast diseases)...
December 28, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
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