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Flow diverter stent

Jacques Sedat, Yves Chau, Jean Gaudart, Marina Sachet, Stephanie Beuil, Michel Lonjon
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolic complications are the main problem in stent-assisted coil embolization of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The combination of aspirin and clopidogrel is generally used to decrease these complications, but some patients do not respond to clopidogrel and have a higher risk of stent thrombosis. In cardiology, clinical trials have shown that prasugrel reduced the incidence of ischaemic events in patients with acute coronary syndrome compared with clopidogrel but, according to several authors, prasugrel would produce an increased risk of cerebral haemorrhagic complications...
October 19, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Min S Park, Marcus D Mazur, Karam Moon, Michael J Nanaszko, John R W Kestle, Lubdha M Shah, Blair Winegar, Felipe C Albuquerque, Philipp Taussky, Cameron G McDougall
OBJECT: Despite the popularity of flow-diverting stents for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms, there is no widely accepted scale for the characterization of results. We present an outcomes-based grading scale that considers factors related to failure of flow diversion. METHODS: The grading scale was developed using the results from consecutive patients at two institutions who were treated with flow diversion for a cerebral aneurysm. The initial treatment results were graded on patient, aneurysm, and treatment characteristics...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Marcus D Mazur, Philipp Taussky, Joel D MacDonald, Min S Park
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: As the use of flow-diverting stents (FDSs) for intracranial aneurysms expands, a small number of case reports have described the successful treatment of blister aneurysms of the internal carotid artery with flow diversion. Blister aneurysms are uncommon and fragile lesions that historically have high rates of morbidity and mortality despite multiple treatment strategies. We report a case of rebleeding after treatment of a ruptured blister aneurysm with deployment of a single FDS...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Eduardo Murias Quintana, Pedro Vega Valdés, Edison Morales Deza, Alberto Gil Garcia, Hugo Cuellar Saenz, Alba L Salgado Bernal, María Cadenas Rodríguez, Lorena Benavente Fernández, Montserrat González Delgado, Nuria Riesco Pérez, Davinia Larrosa Campo, Sergio Calleja Puerta
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate our experience in endovascular reconstruction of carotid dissections using the Wingspan Stent System™ (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA), a device we use because of its high radial force and its navigation in extreme curves. METHODS: We treated 11 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke due to carotid dissection with the Wingspan stent, in the cervical carotid artery. RESULTS: Functional evaluation revealed that 10 of the 11 patients were independent at 3 months post surgery and that the 11 stents used were found to be patent at the 6-month follow-up digital subtraction angiography (DSA)...
October 13, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Edgar Gerardo Ordónez-Rubiano, Christian Von-Diemling, William Cortes-Lozano, Nelson Oswaldo Lobelo-Garcia
Giant aneurysms have been treated with endovascular approaches like general, balloon-assisted and stent-assisted coiling, and flow diverter stent-assisted techniques. Few cases have been reported to be treated with both normal and large coils. Despite the mass effect, an adequate revascularization has been reported. An initial use of these coils is being reported in the current study. This is a case which has been successfully treated using a stent-assisted coiling with both small and large coils i.e., Penumbra Coil 400 (Penumbra, Inc...
August 31, 2016: Curēus
Ronak Dholakia, Chandramouli Sadasivan, David Fiorella, Henry Woo, B Barry Lieber
Cerebral aneurysms are pathological focal evaginations of the arterial wall at and around the junctions of the circle of Willis. Their tenuous walls predispose aneurysms to leak or rupture leading to hemorrhagic strokes with high morbidity and mortality rates. The endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms currently includes the implantation of fine-mesh stents, called flow diverters, within the parent artery bearing the aneurysm. By mitigating flow velocities within the aneurysmal sac, the devices preferentially induce thrombus formation in the aneurysm within hours to days...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Bradley A Gross, Karam Moon, Andrew F Ducruet, Felipe C Albuquerque
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The rarity of petrous internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms has largely precluded analyses of their presentation and management in case series format. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of our endovascular database of patients treated from January 2001 to May 2016 to identify patients with petrous ICA aneurysms. We evaluated the treatment approach and results for patients managed in the era of dedicated intracranial stents and flow diverters, noting clinical and angiographic results...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Erol Akgul, Hasan Bilen Onan, Huseyin Tugsan Balli, Nuri Eralp Cetinalp
The frequency of multiple intracranial aneurysms seen in patients with or without subarachnoid hemorrhage is high. The advancement of the endovascular technique and devices has ensured that endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms is the first choice in most cases, especially in unruptured ones. Different combinations of treatment modalities and techniques can be used in the management of multiple aneurysms. But in selected patients without subarachnoid hemorrhage, treatment of all aneurysms in one or more sessions with endovascular techniques is less traumatic than that with surgery...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Takashi Suzuki, Hiroyuki Takao, Soichiro Fujimura, Chihebeddine Dahmani, Toshihiro Ishibashi, Hiroya Mamori, Naoya Fukushima, Makoto Yamamoto, Yuichi Murayama
BACKGROUND: Although flow diversion is a promising procedure for the treatment of aneurysms, complications have been reported and it remains poorly understood. The occurrence of adverse outcomes is known to depend on both the mechanical properties and flow reduction effects of the flow diverter stent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the possibility of designing a flow diverter stent considering both hemodynamic performance and mechanical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted based on an ideal aneurysm model with flow diverters...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
H G Morales, O Bonnefous, A J Geers, O Brina, V M Pereira, L Spelle, J Moret, I Larrabide
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess the performance of flow-diverter stents. The pre- and end-of-treatment angiographies are commonly compared. However, the arterial flow rate may change between acquisitions; therefore, a better understanding of its influence on the local intra-aneurysmal hemodynamics before and after flow-diverter stent use is required. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five image-based aneurysm models extracted from 3D rotational angiograms were conditioned for computational fluid dynamics simulations...
September 15, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Enes Duman, İlker Çöven, Erkan Yildirim, Cem Yilmaz, Ulaş Pinar
AIM: Flow diverter (FD) stents have been used in the treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. There are a few studies that report the use of these devices in ruptured blister-like aneurysms. We present 5 consecutive patients, who have ruptured intracranial wide necked or side branch close to the neck of saccular aneurysms, have no other treatment options, treated with FD stents and coil embolization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between September 2012 and April 2015, 139 ruptured aneurysms of 133 consequent patients were treated...
December 28, 2015: Turkish Neurosurgery
Hideaki Matsumura, Noriyuki Kato, Yusuke Fujiwara, Hisayuki Hosoo, Tomosato Yamazaki, Susumu Yasuda, Akira Matsumura
We present a retrospective analysis of endovascular treatments for posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysms and discuss the susceptibility of a fetal-type PCA to vascular insufficiency after parent artery occlusion. Among 1207 aneurysms treated with endovascular therapy between March 1997 and March 2013 in our institution, 10 patients (0.8%) presented PCA aneurysms. The principal strategy was to employ selective coil embolization for the aneurysm. However, in certain cases of fusiform or dissecting aneurysms, we performed parent artery occlusion with coils...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Erol Akgul, Hasan Bilen Onan, Suha Akpinar, Huseyin Tugsan Balli, Erol Huseyin Aksungur
OBJECTIVE: The Derivo embolization device (DED) is a new nitinol flow diverter stent manufactured for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. In this study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of the DED in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms and present the short- and mid-term results. METHODS: We treated 34 aneurysms using 26 devices in 24 patients with wide-necked, mostly medium-sized, and fusiform aneurysms. Fourteen of the patients included in the study were females and the other 10 were males...
August 8, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Paul-Emile Labeyrie, Benjamin Gory, Udi Sadeh-Gonike, Nazyed Huguet, Rotem Sivan-Hoffmann, Roberto Riva, Patrick Courthéoux, Francis Turjman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Flow-diverter stents (FDS) are new devices for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) promoting progressive aneurysmal thrombosis. To date, the delay of aneurysmal exclusion remains unclear. We evaluated the correlation between angiographic changes in the first 24 hours and 12-month occlusion in aneurysms treated with FDS. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the intra-aneurysmal flow by evaluating the in-flow and out-flow delays on preoperative, immediate postoperative, 24-hour and 12-month follow-up angiography...
August 10, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Vistasp J Daruwalla, Furqan H Syed, Ali H Elmokadem, Michael C Hurley, Ali Shaibani, Sameer A Ansari
Basilar perforator aneurysms are rare and a communication between a basilar perforator and a separate pseudoaneurysm cavity is extremely rare. We describe a case presenting with high grade subarachnoid hemorrhage which on further investigation delineated a 2-3 mm dissecting basilar perforator aneurysm communicating superiorly into a contained 6 mm pseudoaneurysm cavity. This case illustrates an unusual neurovascular pathology with low potential for successful endovascular treatment such as coil embolization or intracranial flow diverter stenting...
August 2, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Stefan Thomas Lang, Zarina Assis, John H Wong, William Morrish, Alim P Mitha
A 62-year-old woman presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a ruptured right supraclinoid internal carotid artery blister aneurysm. She was treated in an emergent fashion with two flow diverting pipeline embolization devices (PED) deployed in a telescoping fashion. CT angiography performed for unrelated reasons at 7 months showed successful treatment of the aneurysm without evidence of residual aneurysm. However, a follow-up digital subtraction angiogram performed at 9 months showed a large aneurysm in a modified position compared with the original aneurysm...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Andreas Simgen, Désirée Ley, Christian Roth, Giorgio Franco Maria Cattaneo, Ruben Mühl-Benninghaus, Andreas Müller, Heiko Körner, Yoo-Jin Kim, Bruno Scheller, Wolfgang Reith, Umut Yilmaz
INTRODUCTION: Flow diverters are increasingly being used to treat intracranial aneurysms. This study evaluates occurring complications of flow-diverting devices in the treatment of experimental aneurysms, involving the use of micro-CT and small animal MRI at 9.4 T, in correlation to angiographic and histological findings. METHODS: We previously published two preclinical studies, in which we assessed two different flow diverters in the treatment of elastase-induced aneurysms...
July 25, 2016: Neuroradiology
Daniel Raper, Dale Ding, Eric C Peterson, Richard W Crowley, Kenneth C Liu, Nohra Chalouhi, David M Hasan, Aaron S Dumont, Pascal Jabbour, Robert M Starke
INTRODUCTION: Cavernous carotid aneurysms can cause significant symptomatology through mass effect and may rupture, resulting in carotid-cavernous fistula or epistaxis. Traditional treatment options included endovascular or surgical parent vessel occlusion, or embolization; in the last decade, the development of flow-diverting stents has changed the management paradigm for these lesions. AREAS COVERED: In this review, we summarize the natural history, clinical presentation, and evolution of treatment options for cavernous carotid aneurysms and discuss developments likely to influence treatment strategies in the future...
July 22, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Francesco Briganti, Giuseppe Leone, Lorenzo Ugga, Mariano Marseglia, Antonio Macera, Andrea Manto, Luigi Delehaye, Maurizio Resta, Mariachiara Resta, Nicola Burdi, Nunzio Paolo Nuzzi, Ignazio Divenuto, Ferdinando Caranci, Mario Muto, Domenico Solari, Paolo Cappabianca, Francesco Maiuri
BACKGROUND: Experience with the endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms using the p64 Flow Modulation Device is still limited. This study discusses the results and complications of this new flow diverter device. METHODS: 40 patients (30 women, 10 men) with 50 cerebral aneurysms treated in six Italian neurointerventional centers with the p64 Flow Modulation Device between April 2013 and September 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Complete occlusion was obtained in 44/50 aneurysms (88%) and partial occlusion in 3 (6%)...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Stefan Thomas Lang, Zarina Assis, John H Wong, William Morrish, Alim P Mitha
A 62-year-old woman presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a ruptured right supraclinoid internal carotid artery blister aneurysm. She was treated in an emergent fashion with two flow diverting pipeline embolization devices (PED) deployed in a telescoping fashion. CT angiography performed for unrelated reasons at 7 months showed successful treatment of the aneurysm without evidence of residual aneurysm. However, a follow-up digital subtraction angiogram performed at 9 months showed a large aneurysm in a modified position compared with the original aneurysm...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
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