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cytochrome oxydase complex

S J Gawande, S Anandhan, A A Ingle, Alana Jacobson, R Asokan
Heteroplasmy is the existence of multiple mitochondrial DNA haplotypes within the cell. Although the number of reports of heteroplasmy is increasing for arthropods, the occurrence, number of variants, and origins are not well studied. In this research, the occurrence of heteroplasmy was investigated in Thrips tabaci, a putative species complex whose lineages can be distinguished by their mitochondrial DNA haplotypes. The results from this study showed that heteroplasmy was due to the occurrence of mitochondrial cytochrome oxydase I (mtCOI) haplotypes from two different T...
August 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Ronan Thibault, Sylvain Chanséaume, Kasra Azarnoush, Christelle Guillet, Christophe Giraudet, Véronique Patrac, Jean-René Lusson, Noël Cano, Yves Boirie, Stéphane Walrand
Since cardiac cachexia could be associated with alterations in muscular mitochondrial metabolism, we hypothesized that the expected alterations in the activities of mitochondrial oxidative enzymes could be associated with changes in mitochondrial protein synthesis in oxidative skeletal muscles. Cardiac cachexia was provoked in male rats by the ligation of the left coronary artery. Six cachectic and 6 control rats were age-paired, and their food intake was observed. The synthesis of mitochondrial proteins was measured by [1-13C]-valine infusion in soleus, tibilais, myocardium, and liver...
March 2014: Nutrition Research
Fatma Gomaa, Anush Kosakyan, Thierry J Heger, Daniele Corsaro, Edward A D Mitchell, Enrique Lara
Endosymbiosis is a central and much studied process in the evolution of eukaryotes. While plastid evolution in eukaryotic algae has been extensively studied, much less is known about the evolution of mixotrophy in amoeboid protists, which has been found in three of the five super groups of Eukaryotes. We identified the green endosymbionts in four obligate mixotrophic testate amoeba species belonging to three major eukaryotic clades, Hyalosphenia papilio and Heleopera sphagni (Amoebozoa: Arcellinida), Placocista spinosa (Rhizaria: Euglyphida), and Archerella flavum (Stramenopiles: Labyrinthulomycetes) based on rbcL (ribulose-1,5-diphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase large subunit) gene sequences...
March 2014: Protist
Cristina Nuñez, Victor M Victor, Miguel Martí, Pilar D'Ocon
UNLABELLED: Our aim was to investigate the role played by endothelial nitric oxide (NO) during acute vascular response to hypoxia, as a modulator of both vascular tone (through guanylate cyclase (sGC) activation) and mitochondrial O2 consumption (through competitive inhibition of cytochrome-c-oxydase (CcO)). Organ bath experiments were performed and O2 consumption (Clark electrode) was determined in isolated aorta, mesenteric and pulmonary arteries of rats and eNOS-knockout mice. All pre-contracted vessels exhibited a triphasic hypoxic response consisting of an initial transient contraction (not observed in vessels from eNOS-knockout mice) followed by relaxation and subsequent sustained contraction...
February 15, 2014: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Karine Monceau, Frank Cézilly, Jérôme Moreau, Sébastien Motreuil, Rémi Wattier
Caribbean avifaunal biogeography has been mainly studied based on mitochondrial DNA. Here, we investigated both past and recent island differentiation and micro-evolutionary changes in the Zenaida Dove (Zenaida aurita) based on combined information from one mitochondrial (Cytochrome c Oxydase subunit I, COI) and 13 microsatellite markers and four morphological characters. This Caribbean endemic and abundant species has a large distribution, and two subspecies are supposed to occur: Z. a. zenaida in the Greater Antilles (GA) and Z...
2013: PloS One
M M Marchenko, O N Voloshchuk
The effect of low-level irradiation on the structural and functional organization of the cytochrome part of the respiratory chain in tumor carrier rats' liver is studied. The preliminary low-level irradiation leading to the mitochondrial cytochrome a, b and c content reduction at the latent stage of Guerin's carcinoma is shown. At the same time, the maximal reduction of the content of all liver cytochromes is observed at the terminal stages of oncogenesis. The content of cytochome c undergoes the most significant changes in the liver mitochondrial fracture...
September 2012: Radiatsionnaia Biologiia, Radioecologiia
Jean Laroche, Olivier Gauthier, Louis Quiniou, Alain Devaux, Sylvie Bony, Estérine Evrard, Jérôme Cachot, Yan Chérel, Thibaut Larcher, Ricardo Riso, Vianney Pichereau, Marie Hélène Devier, Hélène Budzinski
The objective was to describe and model variation patterns in individual fish responses to contaminants among estuaries, season and gender. Two hundred twenty-seven adult European flounders were collected in two seasons (winter and summer) in four estuaries along the Bay of Biscay (South West France), focusing on a pristine system (the Ster), vs. three estuaries displaying contrasted levels of contaminants (the Vilaine, Loire and Gironde). Twenty-three variables were measured by fish, considering the load of contaminants (liver metals, liver and muscle persistent organic pollutants, muscle polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons); the gene expression (Cyt C oxydase, ATPase, BHMT, Cyt P450 1A1, ferritin); the blood genotoxicity (Comet test); and liver histology (foci of cellular alteration-tumour, steatosis, inflammation, abnormal glycogen storage)...
February 2013: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Clara Inés Saldamando, Edna Judith Marquez
The genus Spodoptera includes 30 species of moths considered important pests worldwide, with a great representation in the Western Hemisphere. In general, Noctuidae species have morphological similarities that have caused some difficulties for assertive species identification by conventional methods. The purpose of this work was to generate an approach to the genus phylogeny from several species of the genus Spodoptera and the species Bombyx mori as an out group, with the use of molecular tools. For this, a total of 102 S...
September 2012: Revista de Biología Tropical
Natalia Rosetti, Maria Isabel Remis
Many grasshopper species are considered of agronomical importance because they cause damage to pastures and crops. Comprehension of pest population dynamics requires a clear understanding of the genetic diversity and spatial structure of populations. In this study we report on patterns of genetic variation in the South American grasshopper Dichroplus elongatus which is an agricultural pest of crops and forage grasses of great economic significance in Argentina. We use Direct Amplification of Minisatellite Regions (DAMD) and partial sequences of the cytochrome oxydase 1 (COI) mitochondrial gene to investigate intraspecific structure, demographic history and gene flow patterns in twenty Argentinean populations of this species belonging to different geographic and biogeographic regions...
2012: PloS One
Saida Bouderba, M Nieves Sanz, Carlos Sánchez-Martín, M Yehia El-Mir, Gloria R Villanueva, Dominique Detaille, E Ahmed Koceïr
Mitochondrial dysfunction is considered to be a pivotal component of insulin resistance and associated metabolic diseases. Psammomys obesus is a relevant model of nutritional diabetes since these adult animals exhibit a state of insulin resistance when fed a standard laboratory chow, hypercaloric for them as compared to their natural food. In this context, alterations in bioenergetics were studied. Using liver mitochondria isolated from these rats fed such a diet for 18 weeks, oxygen consumption rates, activities of respiratory complexes, and content in cytochromes were examined...
2012: Experimental Diabetes Research
W Toki, K Kubota
The molecular phylogeny of the long-horned beetle tribe Lamiini Mulsant (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Japan (12 genera, 25 species, 3 additional subspecies) was determined based on mitochondrial 16S rRNA and cytochrome oxydase subunit I. The monophyly of the tribe Lamiini was supported, whereas that of the genus Acalolepta Pascoe was unclear. Evolution of host plant use in Lamiini was estimated using the molecular phylogeny. For adult and larval host plant kind-and-condition, the most ancestral state was for weakened to dead broad-leaved trees, whereas derived states favored conifers, healthy broad-leaved trees, and herbs...
August 2010: Environmental Entomology
Stephane A P Derocles, Anne LE Ralec, Manuel Plantegenest, Bernard Chaubet, Corinne Cruaud, Astrid Cruaud, Jean-Yves Rasplus
Reliable identification of Aphidiinae species (Braconidae) is a prerequisite for conducting studies on aphid-parasitoid interactions at the community level. However, morphological identification of Aphidiinae species remains problematic even for specialists and is almost impossible with larval stages. Here, we compared the efficiency of two molecular markers [mitochondrial cytochrome c oxydase I (COI) and nuclear long wavelength rhodopsin (LWRh)] that could be used to accurately identify about 50 species of Aphidiinae that commonly occur in aphid-parasitoid networks in northwestern Europe...
March 2012: Molecular Ecology Resources
H Delatte, H Holota, B H Warren, N Becker, M Thierry, B Reynaud
The whitefly Bemisia tabaci is a pest vector of begomoviruses on crops worldwide. Bemisia tabaci is composed of a complex of cryptic species which barely interbreed. An exception is the Ms from the South West Indian Ocean (SWIO), which crosses in low proportions with the exotic B. The Ms, together with B and Q is part of the same phylogenetic clad. To infer the genetic structure, the geographical range and putative origin of this putative species, microsatellite data and mitochondrial DNA (cytochrome oxydase I) sequences were analysed on an extensive sample set, including all the islands of the region and samples from mainland Africa...
August 2011: Bulletin of Entomological Research
T Iu Maĭor, N G Sheveleva, L V Sukhanova, O A Timoshkin, S V Kiril'chik
Baikalian cyclopoids represent one of the richest endemic faunas of freshwater cyclopoid copepods. The genus Diacyclops Kiefer, 1927 is the most numerous by species number in the lake. In this work, molecular-phylogenetic analysis of 14 species and 1 sub-species from Lake Baikal and its water catchment basin is performed. The regions of mitochondrial cytochrom-oxydase I (COI) and of nuclear small-subunit 18S rRNA were used as evolution markers. In the obtained set of nucleotide sequences of COT gene, an effect of synonymous substitution saturation is revealed...
November 2010: Genetika
Silvia Ravera, Maria Grazia Aluigi, Daniela Calzia, Paola Ramoino, Alessandro Morelli, Isabella Panfoli
Extracellular ATP plays a pivotal role as a signaling molecule in physiological and pathological conditions in the CNS. In several glioma cell lines, ATP is a positive factor for one or more characteristics important for the abnormal growth and survival of these cells. This work presents immunofluorescence and biochemical analyses suggesting that an aerobic metabolism, besides mitochondria, is located also on the plasma membrane of C6 glioma cells. An ATP synthesis coupled to oxygen consumption was measured in plasma membrane isolated from C6 cells, sensitive to common inhibitors of respiratory chain complexes, suggesting the involvement of a putative surface ATP synthase complex...
March 2011: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Alain Van Wormhoudt, Valérie Roussel, Gercende Courtois, Sylvain Huchette
Two subspecies of the European abalone have been morphologically recognized: Haliotis tuberculata tuberculata, present in the North Atlantic, and Haliotis tuberculata coccinea, present in the Canary Islands. Among the different nuclear markers used to differentiate these two subspecies, the sperm lysin gene was the most reliable, leading to a 2.2% divergence. Concerning the subunit I of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxydase gene (COI), we observed a difference of 3.3% between the two subspecies. In the North Atlantic, an introgression of mitochondrial DNA from H...
June 2011: Marine Biotechnology
O V Anatskaia, A E Vinogradov
Excessive somatic polyploidy usually accompanies physiologic and pathologic overload and it is generally accepted as a symptom of pathology. At the same time, polyploidy cells exist in most fungal, plant, mollusk, fish, bird and mammalian tissues confirming their great evolutionary success. The secret of this success remains enigmatic. Since transcriptome rearrangements usually start with metabolic flux redistribution, we decided to investigate firstly the effects of polyploidy on cell metabolism. Using multitest approach of modular biology and databases Entrez Gene, RefSeq, GNF SymAtlas, Gene Ontology, KEGG, BioCarta; MsigDb, Reactome, GenMAPP, and HumanCyc, we performed detailed comparison of metabolic genes expression in human and mouse organs with reciprocal pattern of polyploidy (i...
2010: Tsitologiia
Nadia Bruyndonckx, Sylvain Dubey, Manuel Ruedi, Philippe Christe
Cospeciation between host-parasite species is generally thought to result in mirror-image congruent phylogenies. Incongruence can be explained by mechanisms such as host switching, duplication, failure to speciate and sorting events. To investigate the level of association in the host-parasite relationship between Spinturnicid mites and their bat hosts, we constructed the phylogenetic tree of the genus Spinturnix (Acari, Mesostigmata) and compared it to the host phylogeny. We sequenced 938bp of the mitochondrial 16S rDNA and Cytochrome Oxydase subunit I (COI) genes among eleven morphospecies of Spinturnix collected on 20 European Vespertilionid and Rhinolophid bat species...
May 2009: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Koji Kageyama, Masako Senda, Takahiro Asano, Haruhisa Suga, Kiyoshi Ishiguro
Heterogeneity of the rDNA ITS region in Pythium helicoides and the phylogenetic relationship between P. helicoides and closely related species were investigated. In PCR-RFLP analysis of the rDNA ITS region of six P. helicoides isolates investigated, including the type culture, intraspecific variation was found at the HhaI site. The total length of fragments was longer than before cutting, indicating sequence heterogeneity within isolates. Digestion of the cloned rDNA ITS region derived from seven isolates with HhaI revealed polymorphisms among and within single zoospore isolates, and variability of the region was also present among the clones derived from the same isolate...
April 2007: Mycological Research
Arouna Ndassa, Remy Mimpfoundi, McClymont Elizabeth
Bulinus sp. (2n=36) is a diploid freshwater snail found in Cameroon crater lakes; it belongs to a group of medically important freshwater snails. Some members (Bulinus truncatus, Bulinus tropicus) of this group had been reported to be involved in the transmission of parasites (Schistosoma sp. and Calicophoron microbothrium) to human and livestock in tropical Africa. Yet, understanding of the evolutionary identity of the diploid snail such as its phylogenetic position and the genetic divergence among populations, remains limited...
January 2007: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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