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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726227/modelling-the-effects-of-water-diversion-and-combined-sewer-overflow-on-urban-inland-river-quality
#1
Xianyong Gu, Zhenliang Liao, Guangqian Zhang, Jiaqiang Xie, Jin Zhang
In order to assist and optimize the operation of a clean water diversion project for the medium-sized inland rivers in Chaohu, China, an integrated hydrodynamic and water quality model was used in this study. Sixteen diversion scenarios and five sewage interception scenarios were defined to assess the improvement of water quality parameters including ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), total phosphorus (TP) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) under different diverted water flows, diverting times, diverting points, diverting routines and sewage interception proportions...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712070/flow-diverter-in-radiation-induced-skull-base-carotid-blowout-syndrome-do-not-write-it-off
#2
Gopinathan Anil, Junwei Zhang, Yew Kwang Ong, Francis Hui
Post-radiotherapy carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) of the skull base is a rare but often catastrophic complication of head and neck malignancies. The existing literature on the treatment of this condition with flow-diverting devices (FDD) is extremely limited and disappointing. We present a case of impending CBS in a patient previously irradiated for nasopharyngeal cancer that was successfully treated with use of multiple FDDs, adjunctive endonasal packing and delayed reinforcement with pedicled naso-septal flap, yielding an excellent outcome at 14-months follow-up...
July 16, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689955/flow-diverting-stent-in-the-treatment-of-cervical-carotid-dissection-and-pseudoaneurysm-review-of-literature-and-case-report
#3
REVIEW
Anna Paula Weinhardt Baptista-Sincos, Aline Bigatão Simplício, Igor Rafael Sincos, Alex Leaderman, Fernando Saliture Neto, Adjaldes Moraes, Ricardo Aun
BACKGROUND: The endovascular technique has been recommended over the past few years to extracranial carotid dissection and pseudoaneurysm with promising results, specially after medical therapy failure. Flow-diverting stents are an alternative for complex cases. These stents have proven to be effective treatment devices for intracranial aneurysms. OBJECTIVE: To find out all cases of flow-diverting stents in the treatment of extracranial carotid dissection with or without pseudoaneurysm and compare to our case report...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689183/acute-thrombus-formation-on-phosphorilcholine-surface-modified-flow-diverters
#4
Miklos Marosfoi, Frederic Clarencon, Erin T Langan, Robert M King, Olivia W Brooks, Takamisu Tamura, John M Wainwright, Matthew J Gounis, Srinivasan Vedantham, Ajit S Puri
PURPOSE: Thromboembolic complications remain a limitation of flow diverting stents. We hypothesize that phosphorilcholine surface modified flow diverters (Pipeline Flex with Shield Technology, sPED) would have less acute thrombus formation on the device surface compared with the classic Pipeline Embolization device (cPED). METHODS: Elastase-induced aneurysms were created in 40 rabbits and randomly assigned to receive cPED or sPED devices with and without dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (four groups, n=10/group)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687502/endovascular-treatment-of-distal-tears-located-in-the-reno-viseceral-segment-with-bare-metal-stents-and-coils-in-a-complicated-type-b-aortic-dissection
#5
Qingsheng Lu, Yanqing Chen, Yongxue Zhang, Hongfei Wang, Hanyan Li, Jiaxuan Feng, Huajuan Mao, Zaiping Jing
PURPOSE: To provide an endovascular strategy of treating patent re-entries adjacent to visceral branches in the management of aortic dissections. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old male who had received endovascular treatment for a type B aortic dissection was again admitted for his intermittent abdominal pain. Distal tears located in the reno-visceral segment was left untreated in the initial procedure, and was thought to be related to the expansion of the false lumen during follow-up...
July 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685380/intracranial-aneurysms-treated-by-flow-diverting-stents-long-term-follow-up-with-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#6
Maximilian Patzig, Robert Forbrig, Lorenz Ertl, Hartmut Brückmann, Gunther Fesl
PURPOSE: Long-term data on aneurysm treatment with flow-diverting stents are still sparse, and follow-up protocols differ widely between institutions. We present long-term results, with a focus on the usefulness of contrast-enhanced MR angiography (ceMRA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interventions and follow-up imaging of patients with aneurysms treated by flow-diverting stents ("Pipeline," "Silk" and "FRED" models) without additional coiling were analyzed. All MRI scans included dedicated two-phase ceMRA...
July 6, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675349/novel-solution-for-luminal-access-loss-into-the-double-layered-lvis-blue%C3%A2-construct
#7
Evgueni Kouznetsov, Thomas Haldis, Michael Manchak, Alexander Drofa
We described a novel solution for a challenging case of double-layered LVIS Blue™ (LB) stent construct retraction into a large cavernous aneurysm. The double-layered LB stent construct was used as a flow diverter for treatment of a large cavernous aneurysm. Our solution comprised a balloon angioplasty and placement of balloon-mounted cardiac-stent construct through the side wall of the LB construct, with eventual placement of a Pipeline Flex inside of the final conduit.
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665866/intracranial-aneurysms-of-neuro-ophthalmologic-relevance
#8
Jonathan A Micieli, Nancy J Newman, Daniel L Barrow, Valérie Biousse
BACKGROUND: Intracranial saccular aneurysms are acquired lesions that often present with neuro-ophthalmologic symptoms and signs. Recent advances in neurosurgical techniques, endovascular treatments, and neurocritical care have improved the optimal management of symptomatic unruptured aneurysms, but whether the chosen treatment has an impact on neuro-ophthalmologic outcomes remains debated. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of the literature focused on neuro-ophthalmic manifestations and treatment of intracranial aneurysms with specific relevance to neuro-ophthalmologic outcomes was conducted using Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE databases...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647659/flow-diverters-as-a-useful-adjunct-to-traditional-endovascular-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-direct-carotid-cavernous-fistulas
#9
Christopher S Ogilvy, Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi, Mohammad Ghorbani, Christoph J Griessenauer, Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Ajith J Thomas
BACKGROUND: Direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas (CCF) are high flow arteriovenous shunts that are typically the result of a severe head injury. The endovascular treatment of these lesions includes the use of detachable balloons, coils, liquid embolic agents, and covered stents. To minimize the chance of treatment failure and subsequent complications, endoluminal reconstruction using a flow-diverting stent may be added to the treatment construct . METHODS: We present 3 cases and review the existing literature...
June 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624566/4d-phase-contrast-mri-protocol-optimization-using-patient-specific-3d-printed-replicas-for-in-vivo-imaging-before-and-after-flow-diverter-placement
#10
Christof Karmonik, Jeff R Anderson, Saba Elias, Richard Klucznik, Orlando Diaz, Y Jonathan Zhang, Robert G Grossman, Gavin W Britz
PURPOSE: Hemodynamics in cerebral aneurysms is currently investigated towards its clinical efficacy using non-standardized computational simulation techniques. At the same time, flow patterns and velocities are accessible by 4D phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (4D pcMRI). Complexity of protocol design and imaging duration has limited the use of this technique in clinical imaging. A new approach is presented to overcome these limitations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 3D replicas of two cerebral aneurysms were fabricated by fused deposition prototyping (3D printing) and imaged using 4D pcMRI while connected to an MRI compatible continuous flow loop...
June 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619972/staged-curative-treatment-of-a-complex-direct-carotid-cavernous-fistula-with-a-large-arterial-defect-and-an-oversized-internal-carotid-artery
#11
Matthew T Bender, Li-Mei Lin, Alexander L Coon, Geoffrey P Colby
This is a case of a high-flow, post-traumatic direct carotid-cavernous fistula with a widened arterial defect and a large-diameter internal carotid artery (ICA). The unique aspect of this case is the oversized ICA, >8mm in diameter, which is both a pathological and a therapeutic challenge, given the lack of available neuroendovascular devices for full vessel reconstruction. We present a planned two-stage embolisation paradigm for definitive treatment. Transarterial coil embolisation is performed as the first stage to disconnect the fistula and normalise flow in the ICA...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611831/salvage-of-herniated-flow-diverters-using-stent-and-balloon-anchoring-techniques-a-technical-note
#12
Bharathi D Jagadeesan, Divyajot Sandhu, Kim Jae Hong, Sara Roshan Khanipour, Andrew W Grande, Ramachandra P Tummala
BACKGROUND: The pipeline embolization device (PED; Medtronic, MN, USA) can sometimes herniate into the aneurysmal sac in an unexpected manner during or shortly after its deployment due to device foreshortening. In this report, we describe 2 endovascular techniques, which can be used to reposition a herniated PED construct into a more favorable alignment. SUMMARY: In a 67-year-old patient who had an intraprocedural herniation of a PED device into a giant cavernous aneurysm, a stent anchor technique was used to reverse the herniation, reorient the PED construct, and achieve successful flow diversion...
March 2017: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604187/in%C3%A2-vitro-digital-subtraction-angiographic-evaluation-of-flow-diverters-in-a-patient-specific-aneurysm
#13
Liang-Der Jou
Background The importance of both porosity and pore density of a flow diverter is well recognized in treatment of intracranial aneurysms; however, understanding of the effect of individual wire (wire number and size) is critical in improving device design and use. Methods A total of 10 multi-layered flow diverters with different wire numbers (32, 48, 56, and 72) and sizes (30, 35, and 40 µm) were implanted into identical patient-specific middle cerebral artery aneurysm models. Digital subtraction angiography was acquired at 30 f/s and X-ray signals at three selected regions of interest were compared to determine the amount of intra-aneurysmal flow...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604183/treatment-of-an-internal-carotid-artery-aneurysm-with-a-flow-diverter-through-a-double-lumen-balloon-catheter
#14
José M Amorim, Santiago Rosati, Ronit Agid, Vítor Mendes Pereira, Timo Krings
Background Double lumen balloon catheters (DLBCs) are currently used in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, especially when involving balloon or stent-assisted coiling. The existing DLBCs allow the delivery of self-expandable stents but do not offer the possibility to deploy flow-diverters. Despite the increasing use and success of flow-diverters, there have been numerous reports of procedural complications such as early in-stent thrombosis or delayed distal embolization. It seems that these complications can be avoided by correct stent positioning and adequate wall apposition, achieved either by manoeuvres with the microguidewire and/or microcatheter or by performing balloon angioplasty following an exchange guidewire manoeuvre...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598274/evaluation-of-ischemic-lesion-prevalence-after-endovascular-treatment-of-intracranial-aneurysms-as-documented-by-3-t-diffusion-weighted-imaging-a-2-year-single-center-cohort-study
#15
Christina Iosif, Jean-Christophe Lecomte, Eduardo Pedrolo-Silveira, George Mendes, Marie-Paule Boncoeur Martel, Suzana Saleme, Charbel Mounayer
OBJECTIVE Even though published data exist concerning the prevalence of ischemic lesions detected by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) following endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms, a single-center cross-evaluation of the different endovascular techniques has been lacking. The authors sought to prospectively evaluate the prevalence and clinical significance of ischemic lesions occurring after endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms and to compare the safety and effectiveness of a broad spectrum of currently accepted endovascular techniques in a single-center setting...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595811/acute-distal-migration-of-a-flow-diverting-stent
#16
David Dornbos, Ciarán J Powers
The introduction of flow diverting stents, particularly for treatment of petrous to supraclinoid internal carotid artery aneurysms, has greatly impacted endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms. Despite their high efficacy, complications, such as ischemic events, distal hemorrhage, or problems with stent deployment, remain a significant concern. We present the first reported case of acute distal migration of a Pipeline Embolization Device (PED). A 24-year old female underwent elective placement of a PED for treatment of a left paraclinoid internal carotid artery aneurysm...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592484/analysis-of-neointima-development-in-flow-diverters-using-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging
#17
Yoshikazu Matsuda, Joonho Chung, Demetrius K Lopes
BACKGROUND: Flow diverters are used for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. Surface modification may decrease the thrombogenicity of flow diverters but the details are unknown. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an intravascular imaging test with high resolution which identifies neointimal growth over stents. We compared the development of neointima in a flow diverter and stents with and without surface modification in a swine model. METHODS: In this study we implanted four devices (two in each carotid artery) in four pigs...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591800/cerebral-revascularization-for-aneurysms-in-the-flow-diverter-era
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584676/transradial-approach-to-treating-endovascular-cerebral-aneurysms-case-series-and-technical-note
#19
Javier Goland, Gustavo Fabián Doroszuk, Silvia Lina Garbugino, María Paula Ypa
BACKGROUND: Several benefits have been described over the years of the transradial versus femoral endovascular approach to cardiac interventions. Consequently, its use has become habitual at most centers that perform cardiac catheterizations. This paper details a right transradial approach, incorporating a variety of coils or flow diverters, which can be utilized for the endovascular treatment of different cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: From 2014 to 2016, we performed 40 endovascular procedures to treat cerebral aneurysms adopting the same right transradial approach...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576622/haemodynamic-effects-of-stent-diameter-and-compaction-ratio-on-flow-diversion-treatment-of-intracranial-aneurysms-a-numerical-study-of-a-successful-and-an-unsuccessful-case
#20
Mingzi Zhang, Yujie Li, Xi Zhao, David I Verrelli, Winston Chong, Makoto Ohta, Yi Qian
BACKGROUND: Compacting a flow-diverting (FD) stent is an emerging technique to create a denser configuration of wires across the aneurysm ostium. However, quantitative analyses of post-stenting haemodynamics affected by the compaction level of different stent sizes remain inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To compare the aneurysmal haemodynamic alterations after virtual FD treatments with different device diameters at different compaction ratios. METHODS: We virtually implanted three sizes of FD stent, with each size deployed at four compaction ratios, into two patient aneurysms previously treated with the Silk+FD-one successful case and the other unsuccessful...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
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