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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818731/association-between-severities-of-striae-gravidarum-and-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis
#1
Ofra Halperin, Anita Noble, Shosh Balachsan, Ester Klug, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer
OBJECTIVES: to examine the association between the severities of Striae Gravidarum (SG) and Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS) and to measure the symptoms regarding urinary incontinence, fecal/flatus incontinence, and dyspareunia, at 6 and 12 months postpartum. DESIGN: this is a cohort study. SETTING: four university teaching medical centers in Israel, two in the north and two in the center of the country. PARTICIPANTS: women with OASIS were interviewed and assessed for SG...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816096/management-of-severe-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-a-neonate-on-veno-arterial-ecmo-by-the-temporary-clamping-of-the-endotracheal-tube-a-case-report
#2
Vaclav Vobruba, Tomas Grus, Frantisek Mlejnsky, Jan Belohlavek, Jan Hridel, Lukas Lambert
Severe pulmonary hemorrhage in the newborn is an infrequent, but life-threatening, event. A newborn with persistent pulmonary hypertension and a large persistent ductus arteriosus and open foramen ovale presented with hypoxemia and progressive right heart failure shortly after birth, requiring veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Twenty minutes after the initiation of ECMO, the patient developed severe pulmonary hemorrhage refractory to conventional treatment. As a last resort, the endotracheal tube was clamped...
August 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816027/estimation-of-live-birth-and-population-prevalence-of-down-syndrome-in-nine-u-s-states
#3
Gert de Graaf, Frank Buckley, Jennifer Dever, Brian G Skotko
For all of the U.S. states with sufficient data, we estimated live birth and population prevalences for Down syndrome (DS). As social service resources vary between states, such data are important for public policy discussions and state planning. We predicted the actual and nonselective live birth prevalence, and population prevalence, for DS in nine U.S. states based on publicly available datasets from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. As of 2010, we estimated a population size for people with DS of 4,554 in MA (population prevalence 1 in 1,440), 6,101 in NJ (1 in 1,443), 14,315 in NY (1 in 1,355), 9,739 in IL (1 in 1,319), 4,354 in IN (1 in 1,491), 7,295 in MI (1 in 1,354), 9,099 in FL (1 in 2,071), 3,014 in KY (1 in 1,442), and 3,596 in AZ (1 in 1,784)...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813701/uterine-cervical-length-measurement-to-reduce-length-of-stay-in-patients-admitted-for-threatened-preterm-labor-a-randomized-trial
#4
Montse Palacio, Javier Caradeux, Miriam Sánchez, Teresa Cobo, Francesc Figueras, Oriol Coll, Eduard Gratacós, Vicenç Cararach
OBJECTIVE: To study whether knowledge of cervical length (CL) is useful in reducing the length of hospital stay in women admitted because of threatened preterm labor. METHODS: We performed a single-center, parallel, randomized trial at the Hospital Clínic of Barcelona. Inclusion criteria were single pregnancy, gestational age (GA) between 24+0 and 35+6 weeks, Bishop score <6, no parturition within 24-48 h after admission, and no clinical signs of chorioamnionitis, vaginal bleeding, or nonreassuring fetal status...
August 17, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811862/allergic-profiles-of-mothers-and-fathers-in-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-study
#5
Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Limin Yang, Kazue Ishitsuka, Tadayuki Ayabe, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Mizuho Konishi, Testsuo Shoda, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a nationwide, multicenter, prospective birth cohort investigation launched by the Ministry of Environment in Japan. The purpose of the JECS is to evaluate the influence of prenatal and postnatal exposures to environmental factors on the postnatal health of the children. In this study, we evaluated the allergic characteristics of parents within the JECS cohort. METHODS: This study covered a wide geographical area and encompassed 15 regional centers...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811770/clinical-and-laboratory-profile-of-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-center-in-pakistan
#6
Danish Abdul Aziz, Abdul Gaffar Billoo, Ahad Qureshi, Misha Khalid, Salman Kirmani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical presentation, diagnostic investigations and laboratory workup done in admitted children with cystic fibrosis at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: This is athree years retrospective study from January 2013 to December 2015 conducted at The Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi Pakistan, enrolling admitted patient from birth to 15 years of either gender, diagnosed with CF on the basis of clinical features and positive sweat chloride test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#7
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811091/pregravid-hypertension-may-have-different-secondary-sex-ratio-effects-in-different-races-in-the-united-states
#8
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females and the ratio is expressed as M/F (male/female births=secondary sex ratio, also known as secondary sex ratio). This is expected to approximate 1.048. Racial M/F disparities are known. A recent study in China showed that pregravid systolic hypertension is higher in women who delivered a boy than in those who had a girl. This study was carried out in order to identify the effect of pregravid hypertension in the United States on M/F by race...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807397/colorectal-endometriosis-associated-infertility-should-surgery-precede-art
#9
Sofiane Bendifallah, Horace Roman, Emmanuelle Mathieu d'Argent, Salma Touleimat, Jonathan Cohen, Emile Darai, Marcos Ballester
OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of first-line assisted reproductive technology (ART; intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI]-IVF) and first-line colorectal surgery followed by ART on fertility outcomes in women with colorectal endometriosis-associated infertility. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study using propensity score (PS) matching (PSM) analysis. SETTING: University referral centers. PATIENT(S): A total of 110 women were analyzed from January 2005 to June 2014...
August 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803228/utility-of-routine-urine-cmv-pcr-and-total-serum-igm-testing-of-small-for-gestational-age-infants-a-single-center-review
#10
Michael M Espiritu, Sean Bailey, Elena V Wachtel, Pradeep V Mally
BACKGROUND: Due to the extremely low incidence of TORCH (toxoplasmosis, rubella, CMV, herpes simplex virus) infections, diagnostic testing of all small for gestational age (SGA) infants aimed at TORCH etiologies may incur unnecessary tests and cost. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of urine CMV PCR and total IgM testing among infants with birth weight <10% and the rate of test positivity. To evaluate the frequency of alternative etiologies of SGA in tested infants...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802822/stillbirth-prevalence-in-brazil-an-exploration-of-regional-differences
#11
Taiana Silva Carvalho, Pat Doyle, Lucia Campos Pellanda
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a large, heterogeneous, and diverse country, marked by social, economic, and regional inequalities. Stillbirth is a global concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the prevalence and possible determinants of stillbirth in different regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study including all women of reproductive age who had had a pregnancy in the last five years, enrolled in the most recent Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS/PNDS-2006/07)...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802210/the-adoption-of-children-from-out-of-home-care-the-understandings-of-key-decision-makers-in-victoria-australia
#12
Anna Butlinski, Heather Rowe, Christopher Goddard, Nicholas Freezer
Adoption is one of a range of options that can provide children in out-of-home care with permanency when they are unable to be reunified with their birth parents. This paper reports on how the adoption of children from out-of-home care is understood by professionals involved in making decisions about the permanent placement of children in out-of-home care in Victoria, Australia, where adoption is rarely used. Data were collected through a single, face-to-face semi-structured interview with 21 professionals; eight child welfare specialists, eight adoption and permanent care specialists and five judicial officers...
August 8, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801834/current-characteristics-and-management-of-congenital-esophageal-stenosis-40-consecutive-cases-from-a-multicenter-study-in-the-kyushu-area-of-japan
#13
Masaya Suzuhigashi, Tatsuru Kaji, Hiroyuki Noguchi, Mitsuru Muto, Michiko Goto, Motoi Mukai, Kazuhiko Nakame, Takafumi Kawano, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is rare, and the available clinical data are limited. We explored the current diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of CES. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was performed using medical records at pediatric surgical centers in the Kyushu area. RESULTS: Over 10 years, 40 patients (24 males) had CES. The incidence of associated anomalies was 52.5% (21/40), and that of esophageal atresia was 20.0% (8/40)...
August 11, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801118/-value-of-gastric-fluid-to-start-antibiotics-in-premature-babies-suspected-of-having-early-neonatal-bacterial-infection
#14
R N'Guessan, J-M Jellimann, J-M Hascoët, R Vieux, H Tahar
The objective of this study was to evaluate the value of direct examination and culture of gastric fluid in the treatment of early neonatal bacterial infections (INBP) in pre-term infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational study conducted over 6 months in a Type III center. All hospitalized premature babies who had routine gastric fluid sampling at birth during the period of the study were included. They were classified into two groups: premature infants with probable or suspected infection and treated as such (Group 1) and premature infants with no infection or only having colonization (Group 2)...
August 8, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800288/population-based-study-of-the-national-implementation-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-in-infants-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#15
Juan Arnaez, Alfredo García-Alix, Gemma Arca, Sonia Caserío, Eva Valverde, M Teresa Moral, Isabel Benavente-Fernández, Simón Lubián-López
Data on the incidence of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in the first 6 hours of life together with the implementation of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) are relevant to delineate actions to achieve the lowest rates of neonatal mortality, morbidity, and long-term impact on health associated with HIE. This is population-based national survey study, including newborns ≥35 weeks of gestation with moderate-to-severe HIE from all level III neonatal care units, to provide the incidence of HIE for the period 2012-2013, and the implementation of TH up to June 2015 in Spain...
August 11, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798896/pregnancy-outcomes-in-hiv-infected-women-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#16
Vatsla Dadhwal, Aparna Sharma, Kavita Khoiwal, Dipika Deka, Plaboni Sarkar, P Vanamail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is conflicting data on the effect of HIV infection as well as antiretroviral therapy (ART) on pregnancy outcome. The objectives of this study were to compare pregnancy outcomes in women with and without HIV infection, and to evaluate the effect of HAART on pregnancy in HIV-infected women. METHODS: This is a prospective case record analysis of 212 HIV-infected women delivering between 2002 and 2015, in a tertiary health care center in India...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797779/long-term-outcomes-of-cord-blood-transplantation-from-an-hla-identical-sibling-for-patients-with-bone-marrow-failure-disorders-a-report-from-eurocord-cord-blood-committee-cbc-ctiwp-and-severe-aplastic-anemia-working-party-saawp-of-the-european-society-of-blood
#17
Simona Pagliuca, Régis Peffault de Latour, Fernanda Volt, Franco Locatelli, Marco Zecca, Jean-Hugues Dalle, Patrizia Comoli, Kim Vettenranta, Miguel Angel Diaz, Or Reuven, Yves Bertrand, Cristina Diaz de Heredia, Arnon Nagler, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Sabina Sufliarska, Sarah Lawson, Chantal Kenzey, Vanderson Rocha, Carlo Dufour, Eliane Gluckman, Jakob Passweg, Annalisa Ruggeri
Cord blood transplantation (CBT) from HLA-identical sibling is an attractive option for patients with bone-marrow-failures syndromes (BMF), due to the low risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and the absence of risk to the donor. We analyzed outcomes of 117 patients with inherited or acquired BMF, who received CBT from a related HLA-identical donor in EBMT centers, between 1988 and 2014. Ninety-seven patients had inherited and 20 patients acquired BMF. Eighty-two patients received a single cord blood (CB) unit, whereas 35 patients received a combination of CB and bone marrow (BM) cells from the same donor...
August 7, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796911/re-evaluation-of-lung-to-thorax-transverse-area-ratio-immediately-before-birth-in-predicting-postnatal-short-term-outcomes-of-fetuses-with-isolated-left-sided-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-single-center-analysis
#18
Saki Kido, Nobuhiro Hidaka, Yuka Sato, Yasuyuki Fujita, Kina Miyoshi, Kouji Nagata, Tomoaki Taguchi, Kiyoko Kato
We aimed to investigate whether the lung-to-thorax transverse area ratio (LTR) immediately before birth is of diagnostic value for the prediction of postnatal short-term outcomes in cases of isolated left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We retrospectively reviewed the cases of fetal isolated left-sided CDH managed at our institution between April 2008 and July 2016. We divided the patients into 2 groups based on LTR immediately before birth, using a cut-off value of 0.08. We compared the proportions of subjects within the 2 groups who survived until discharge using Fisher's exact test...
August 10, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796691/neonatal-outcomes-of-low-risk-late-preterm-twins-compared-with-late-preterm-singletons
#19
Shimrit Yaniv Salem, Mia Kibel, Elizabeth Asztalos, Arthur Zaltz, Jon Barrett, Nir Melamed
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the risk of neonatal morbidity among late-preterm twins is similar to that of late-preterm singletons. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all women with twin or singleton pregnancy who gave birth during the late-preterm period in a single tertiary center between 2008 and 2015. Neonatal outcomes of low-risk, late-preterm twins were compared with those of low-risk, late-preterm singletons. The primary outcome was the same primary composite respiratory morbidity variable that was used in the randomized controlled trial of Gyamfi-Bannerman et al on the administration of antenatal corticosteroids during the late-preterm period...
August 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795898/from-feeling-broken-to-looking-beyond-broken-palestinian-mothers-experiences-of-having-a-child-with-spina-bifida
#20
Maha Sudki Hmeidan Nahal, Helena Wigert, Asma Imam, Åsa B Axelsson
Spina bifida (SB) is the second most common birth defect worldwide. Mothers of children with SB face extraordinary challenges due to the complicated conditions and disability of their children. Little is known about the impact of these challenges on the mothers' well-being, particularly in Middle Eastern culture, where chronic illness and disability are perceived as a stigma, and care of disabled children has traditionally been the responsibility of the mother. The aim of this study was to illuminate mothers' lived experience of having a child with SB in Palestine...
May 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
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