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Birthing center

Tharangrut Hanprasertpong, Kasem Raungrongmorakot, Alan Geater, Pawin Puapornpong, Wipada Laosooksathit, Aurasa Hemachandra, Maysita Suksamarnwong
Thalassaemia is a common haematologic health condition in Southeast Asian countries (SEA) including Thailand. Reducing the birth of new thalassaemia cases is an effective method to control disease. The background level of knowledge and attitude of pregnant women on the disease influences their decision to perform antenatal screening. Unfortunately, the information about pregnant women's knowledge and attitude on antenatal thalassaemia screening in a developing country such as Thailand is lacking. We therefore conducted this cross-sectional study to examine patients' knowledge and to evaluate the factors which influence the patient's knowledge and attitude on antenatal thalassaemia screening...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gitanjali Das, Vincent Damotte, Jeffrey M Gelfand, Carolyn Bevan, Bruce A C Cree, Lynn Do, Ari J Green, Stephen L Hauser, Riley Bove
Objective: To evaluate the safety of rituximab treatment before and during pregnancy in women with MS and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) who may be at risk of relapses by performing a systematic literature review combined with a retrospective single-center case series. Methods: Studies were systematically identified in the PubMed, Google Scholar, and EMBASE using the key terms "pregnancy" and "rituximab"; 22 articles were included for review (>17,000 screened)...
May 2018: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
Ravishankar Suryanarayana, Muninarayana Chandrappa, Anil Navale Santhuram, S Prathima, S R Sheela
Background: Anemia is one of the most common nutritional deficiency disorders affecting the pregnant women in the developing countries. Anemia during pregnancy is commonly associated with poor pregnancy outcome and can result in complications that threaten the life of both mother and fetus. Objective: The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women and to determine its association with maternal and fetal outcomes. Settings and Design: This study design was a prospective, observational, community-based study...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
R A Shanmugha Priya, R Krishnamoorthy, Vinod Kumar Panicker, Binu Ninan
BACKGROUND: Lack of recent studies focusing on indications, pattern, and benefits of transfusions in low birth weight (B.Wt) and low gestational age (GA) preterm neonates prompted us to undertake this study. AIM: To estimate the transfusion requirements and outcomes in preterm neonates <1500 g and/or <32 weeks. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 2 years in a tertiary care center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted with 101 preterm neonates <1500 g and/or <32 weeks who received blood transfusions in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Yubraj Acharya
This article evaluates a community-based effort aimed at reducing neonatal mortality. I use nationally representative data from Nepal, where 22 children per 1000 die within the first month of their birth, and evaluate the impact of Community-Based Neonatal Care Package. The identification is based on a before-and-after comparison of outcomes in program districts relative to those in non-program districts. I find that the program was successful in encouraging cleaner deliveries for births that took place at home and in increasing prenatal visits to the health center by pregnant women significantly...
March 19, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Farzaneh Zaheri, Lila Hashemi Nasab, Fariba Ranaei, Roonak Shahoei
Background and aim: Postpartum period is associated with significant changes in the quality of women's lives. These changes can affect the health of both the mother and child. Given the importance of the postpartum period and the factors influencing quality of life after childbirth especially the method of childbirth, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between quality of life after childbirth and the childbirth method in nulliparous women referred to healthcare centers in Sanandaj, Iran...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Gorkem Tuncay, Abdullah Karaer, Ebru İnci Coşkun, Demet Baloğlu, Ayşe Nihan Tecellioğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels on intrauterine insemination (IUI) outcomes among euthyroid women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. A total of 302 women who started their first IUI cycle in our fertility center were included in this study. The patients were categorized into two groups based on their preconception TSH values: 0.38-2.49 mIU/Land 2.50-4.99 mIU/L. The clinical pregnancy rate was the main outcome parameter...
March 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
O O Bankole, F B Lawal, O Ibiyemi
Studies have revealed that Nigerians irrespective of social class have negative attitudes and practices towards children born with natal teeth and those who erupt teeth within the first 30 days of life. This has been associated with the strong cultural myths and beliefs that exist among the populace. Children with natal teeth and their families have been stigmatized and are believed to be cursed. This stigmatization affects their social life and consequently impacts on their quality of life. Therefore, there is a need to develop an intervention such as a video to help dispel these myths...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Tonia C Poteat, Mannat Malik, Chris Beyrer
Transgender people experience a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and incarceration. Discrimination, victimization, poverty, and poor mental health drive vulnerability to HIV and related infections, as well as risk of arrest, detention, and incarceration. In this paper, we systematically review published data on HIV, sexually transmitted infections, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis among incarcerated transgender people; describe potential structural determinants of HIV risk and transmission; identify gaps in the literature; and make recommendations for research and interventions to address this neglected population...
March 15, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
M Cynthia Logsdon, Deborah Winders Davis, John A Myers, Katlin M Masterson, Jeffrey A Rushton, Adrian P Lauf
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe new mothers' knowledge related to maternal mortality. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, new mothers were recruited from a postpartum unit of an academic health sciences center where the population was predominately low-income women. Before hospital discharge, they answered questions on their knowledge of potential postpartum complications that could lead to maternal mortality. Questions were based on recommendations from an expert nursing panel...
March 16, 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Alain Cuna, Cynthia Liu, Shree Govindarajan, Margaret Queen, Hongying Dai, William E Truog
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of a bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) outcome estimator developed by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in identifying high-risk preterm infants treated with steroids. STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-center retrospective study of infants born ≤30 weeks of gestational age. The NICHD BPD outcome estimator was used to retrospectively calculate BPD risk at various postnatal ages...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Sophie Pils, Stephanie Springer, Rudolf Seemann, Verena Wehrmann, Christof Worda, Johannes Ott
PURPOSE: To review our experience in ultrasound fetal weight estimation in our large population of triplet pregnancies. METHODS: Ninety-seven triplet pregnancies were retrospectively included between January 2003 and January 2017. Sonographic fetal weight estimation using Hadlock's and Schild's formulas was compared to actual birth weight in a tertiary-care center in Vienna, Austria. Statistical analyses were performed using a stepwise linear regression model and crosstabs...
March 17, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Li Huang, Calum T Roberts, Brett J Manley, Louise S Owen, Peter G Davis, Kim M Dalziel
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of 2 common "noninvasive" modes of respiratory support for infants born preterm. STUDY DESIGN: An economic evaluation was conducted as a component of a multicenter, randomized control trial from 2013 to 2015 enrolling infants born preterm at ≥28 weeks of gestation with respiratory distress, <24 hours old, who had not previously received endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation or surfactant. The economic evaluation was conducted from a healthcare sector perspective and the time horizon was from birth until death or first discharge...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The Task Force formed by ICMR aimed at studying the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism and congenital adrenal hyperplasia, the template disorders included in all newborn screening programs, and to evaluate the unidentified challenges in its execution in health care services. It also intended to evaluate the feasibility of newborn screening with regards to different geo-ethnic regions from India. METHODS: Five metropolitan centers identified had further 2 to 11 centers; both the urban and the rural sectors were included and were considered representative of the northern, southern, eastern, western and central parts of the country...
March 17, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
M Irani, N Zaninovic, C Canon, C O'Neill, V Gunnala, Q Zhan, G Palermo, D Reichman, Z Rosenwaks
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a benefit to assessing ploidy in delayed embryos reaching the morula stage on Day 6 of development? SUMMARY ANSWER: Day-6 morulae should be considered for biopsy in women <40 years old undergoing preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) because they are associated with acceptable, albeit reduced, euploidy and implantation rates (IRs). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Embryo development and morphology have been shown to correlate with aneuploidy and pregnancy rates...
March 13, 2018: Human Reproduction
Sophie Vincent, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrea R Spence, Haim A Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and neonatal respiratory-related outcomes among women who underwent an elective cesarean section (CS). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s 2009-2013 period linked birth/infant death dataset. Women who had elective CSs at term were categorized by their pre-pregnancy BMI as normal, overweight, obese or morbidly obese...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Khalid A Awartani, Maryam S Al Shabibi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities in couples with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), to determine other factors that may be associated with the chromosomal abnormalities, and to assess the outcomes of couples who had undergone multidisciplinary interventions according to associated etiological factors. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study involved 1074 couples who attended RPL clinic during an 11-year period from January 2006 to December 2016 at a single center, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ilaria Bo, Thomas Semple, Emma Cheasty, Michael B Rubens, Siew Yen Ho, Michael L Rigby, Edward D Nicol
BACKGROUND: Scimitar syndrome is a rare combination of cardiopulmonary abnormalities found in 1-3 per 1000 live births. Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is only found in 1 in 250-400 congenital heart disease patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the incidence of left circumflex ALCAPA within our referral center's cohort of scimitar syndrome patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of medical records, cardiac imaging and operative notes from all patients diagnosed with scimitar syndrome at our center between 1992 and 2016 was undertaken and all imaging reviewed...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
Silvia de Souza Campos Fernandes, Dirceu Solé, Paulo Camargos, Cláudia Ribeiro de Andrade, Cássio da Cunha Ibiapina
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with asthma symptoms in adolescents in the 13- to 14-year age bracket. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving adolescents enrolled in randomly selected public schools in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and conducted with the use of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire and its supplementary module for risk factor assessment. The ISAAC questionnaire was completed by the students themselves, whereas the supplementary questionnaire was completed by their parents or legal guardians...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Sari L Reisner, Madeline B Deutsch, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Timothy P Cavanaugh, Dana J Pardee, Sarah A McLean, Lori A Panther, Marcy Gelman, Matthew J Mimiaga, Jennifer E Potter
BACKGROUND: High-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) causes virtually all cervical cancers. Trans masculine (TM) people (those assigned female at birth who identify with a gender other than female) have low uptake of conventional cervical cancer screening. Self-collected hrHPV DNA testing has high levels of acceptability among cisgender (non-transgender) females and may support increased cervical cancer screening uptake in TM individuals. OBJECTIVE: To assess the test performance and acceptability of self-collected vaginal specimens in comparison to provider-collected cervical swabs for hrHPV DNA detection in TM individuals ages 21-64 years...
2018: PloS One
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