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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458027/invasive-cutaneous-facial-mucormycosis-in-a-trauma-patient
#1
Jonathon S Jundt, Mark E K Wong, Alexander M Tatara, Nagi M Demian
Mucormycosis, also known as zygomycosis, is an aggressive infection caused by a ubiquitous group of molds known as mucormycetes and is often associated with immune suppression or trauma among immunocompetent populations. We present the case of a 19-year-old woman who was involved in a motor vehicle accident in whom rapidly progressive invasive cutaneous facial mucormycosis subsequently developed. The diagnosis, treatment options, and incidence of this disease process are discussed in the context of trauma.
February 16, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456395/incidence-and-pattern-of-mandible-fractures-in-the-madinah-region-a-retrospective-study
#2
Mahmood Samman, Syed Waheed Ahmed, Hassan Beshir, Turki Almohammadi, Santosh R Patil
Objectives: The objective of the study is to study the incidence and pattern of mandible fractures in the holy city of Madinah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over a retrospective period of 3 years from 2013 (1434H) to 2016 (1436H) and to compare the results with those from other regions of Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. Materials and Methods: Relevant data of patients admitted to the King Fahad Hospital, Madinah with a fracture of the mandible during the study were collected from their medical records and radiographs...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451942/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-knee-collateral-ligament-injuries-with-proximal-tibia-fractures-a-study-of-32-441-patients
#3
Andre M Samuel, Pablo J Diaz-Collado, Lauren K Szolomayer, Daniel H Wiznia, Wayne W Chan, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Bryce A Basques, Daniel D Bohl, Jonathan N Grauer
Proximal tibia fractures are associated with concurrent collateral ligament injuries. Failure to recognize these injuries may lead to chronic knee instability. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for concurrent collateral ligament injuries with proximal tibia fractures and their association with inpatient outcomes. A total of 32,441 patients with proximal tibia fractures were identified in the 2011-2012 National Trauma Data Bank. A total of 1445 (4.5%) had collateral ligament injuries, 794 (2...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446964/gender-and-age-interact-to-predict-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-following-a-motor-vehicle-accident
#4
Ihori Kobayashi, Eve M Sledjeski, Douglas L Delahanty
OBJECTIVE: Women have a greater overall risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than men after exposure to trauma. In addition to gender, other sociodemographic factors have been identified as risk factors for PTSD; however, research has typically examined these factors separately. Age has been found to contribute to the development of psychiatric disorders, and both linear and curvilinear relationships have been reported between age and risk of developing PTSD. Recent research has suggested that this relationship may vary depending on gender...
February 15, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435220/after-a-punch-recurrence-of-compartment-syndrome-following-minor-trauma
#5
Stanislav Ryndin, Andrew Delozier, Michael Stanley
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a diagnosis that requires high-clinical suspicion especially in cases when the initial causal event could be considered insignificant. We present a novel case presentation of ACS associated with minor trauma in a patient with a previous history of compartment syndrome in the same extremity from a motor vehicle accident 10 years prior to presentation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of recurrent ACS. Due to the possibility of significant morbidity, including loss of limb, it is imperative to recognize the presentation quickly so proper surgical intervention can occur...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433071/applying-crash-data-to-injury-claims-an-investigation-of-determinant-factors-in-severe-motor-vehicle-accidents
#6
Darren Shannon, Finbarr Murphy, Martin Mullins, Julian Eggert
An extensive number of research studies have attempted to capture the factors that influence the severity of vehicle impacts. The high number of risks facing all traffic participants has led to a gradual increase in sophisticated data collection schemes linking crash characteristics to subsequent severity measures. This study serves as a departure from previous research by relating injuries suffered in road traffic accidents to expected trauma compensation payouts and deriving a quantitative cost function. Data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) Crash Injury Research (CIREN) database for the years 2005-2014 is combined with the Book of Quantum, an Irish governmental document that offers guidelines on the appropriate compensation to be awarded for injuries sustained in accidents...
February 9, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429037/long-term-follow-up-of-whiplash-injuries-reported-to-insurance-companies-a-cohort-study-on-patient-reported-outcomes-and-impact-of-financial-compensation
#7
Eric Rydman, Sari Ponzer, Rosa Brisson, Carin Ottosson, Hans Pettersson-Järnbert
PURPOSE: The long-term outcome of Whiplash-associated disorder (WADs) has been reported to be poor in populations from medical settings. However, no trials have investigated the long-term prognosis of patients from medico-legal environment. For this group, the "compensation hypothesis" suggests financial compensation being associated with worsened outcome. The aims of this study were to describe long-term (2-4 years) non-recovery rates in participants with WAD recruited from insurance companies and to investigate the association between self-reported non-recovery and financial compensation...
February 10, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420771/genitourinary-injuries-among-female-u-s-service-members-during-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-findings-from-the-trauma-outcomes-and-urogenital-health-tough-project
#8
Amy M Reed, Judson C Janak, Jean A Orman, Steven J Hudak
Introduction: Until recently, female U.S. service members (SMs) have not been permitted to serve in direct combat roles. However, during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), a large number of female SMs have been wounded while serving in combat support roles. This included an unprecedented number of women with genitourinary (GU) injuries. No previous studies have reported either the incidence or clinical picture of these injuries. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of GU injuries among female U...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420385/orthognathic-surgery-and-implant-supported-bridge-in-a-class-iii-patient-injured-in-a-motor-vehicle-accident
#9
Koji Honda, Makoto Hirota, Toshinori Iwai, Koichi Fujita, Susumu Omura, Takashi Ono, Iwai Tohnai
Occlusal and esthetic rehabilitation of jaw deformities in patients with partially edentulous maxilla are challenging procedures. This article describes a patient involving a skeletal Class III, 36-year-old male patient with a single bilateral anterior partially edentulous maxilla resulting from injuries sustained in a motor vehicle accident; his anterior teeth had been lost for more than 10 years. His lip protruded from the lateral view due to the proclined upper incisors and mandibular protrusion.Because of the facial deformity and inadequate prosthesis of the maxilla, the prosthesis had dropped out repeatedly...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415670/the-alabama-vip-older-driver-study-rationale-and-design-examining-the-relationship-between-vision-impairment-and-driving-using-naturalistic-driving-techniques
#10
Cynthia Owsley, Gerald McGwin, Jonathan F Antin, Joanne M Wood, Jennifer Elgin
BACKGROUND: Older drivers aged ≥70 years old have among the highest rates of motor vehicle collisions (MVC) compared to other age groups. Driving is a highly visual task, and older adults have a high prevalence of vision impairment compared to other ages. Most studies addressing visual risk factors for MVCs by older drivers utilize vehicle accident reports as the primary outcome, an approach with several methodological limitations. Naturalistic driving research methods overcome these challenges and involve installing a high-tech, unobtrusive data acquisition system (DAS) in an older driver's own vehicle...
February 7, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390511/mandibular-fracture-patterns-at-a-medical-center-in-central-taiwan-a-3-year-epidemiological-review
#11
Fu-Yu Lin, Chao-I Wu, Hsu-Tang Cheng
Mandibular fractures constitute a major portion of maxillofacial trauma and may lead to considerable functional and aesthetic sequelae if treatment is inadequate or delayed. An epidemiology study on mandibular fractures may guide the preventive efforts of the Taiwan public health care system. Therefore, a retrospective review was conducted at a medical center in central Taiwan to evaluate the current mandibular fracture epidemiology.The medical records and digitized radiographs of 198 patients who received treatment for mandibular fractures during a 3-year period (from October 2010 to September 2013) at a medical center in central Taiwan were reviewed to obtain demographic and injury data...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388703/gender-differences-in-neurocognitive-performance-among-children-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Shira Segev, Maayan Shorer, Tammy Pilowsky Peleg, Alan Apter, Silvana Fennig, Yuri Rassovsky
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are frequent sequelae after motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). These two pathologies often have overlapping neurocognitive deficits across several domains, such as attention, memory, and executive functions. The present study was an effort to examine the contribution of gender to these overlapping symptoms. To this end, psychodiagnostic and neuropsychological data were collected on 61 children and adolescents 3 months following MVA. All participants were diagnosed with PTSD, and about half (n = 33) also received a diagnosis of mTBI...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371010/the-discrepancy-between-subjective-and-objective-measures-of-convergence-insufficiency-in-whiplash-associated-disorder-versus-control-participants
#13
Hadas Stiebel-Kalish, Amir Amitai, Michael Mimouni, Michael Bach, Tal Saban, Michelle Cahn, Liat Gantz
PURPOSE: Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are a pandemic associated with human suffering and a burden to national economies. Whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) after MVAs are associated commonly with disability claims, many of which are related to vision. Convergence insufficiency (CI) leads to visual disability associated with symptoms of ocular discomfort. We examined the incidence of symptoms and findings consistent with CI in a cohort of patients after MVA-related WAD compared with age-matched control participants...
January 19, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361837/cortical-surface-area-reduction-in-identification-of-subjects-at-high-risk-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-pilot-study
#14
Hao Hu, Yawen Sun, Shanshan Su, Yao Wang, Yongming Qiu, Xi Yang, Yan Zhou, Zeping Xiao, Zhen Wang
OBJECTIVE: Victims of motor vehicle accidents often develop post-traumatic stress disorder, which causes significant social function loss. For the difficulty in treating post-traumatic stress disorder, identification of subjects at high risk for post-traumatic stress disorder is essential for providing possible intervention. This paper aims to examine the cortical structural traits related to susceptibility to post-traumatic stress disorder. METHODS: To address this issue, we performed structural magnetic resonance imaging study in motor vehicle accident victims within 48 hours from the accidents...
January 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360765/economic-conditions-may-contribute-to-increased-violence-toward-children-a-nationwide-population-based-analysis-of-pediatric-injuries-in-taiwanese-emergency-departments
#15
Yueh-Ping Liu, Ren-Jun Hsu, Mei-Hwan Wu, Chun-Chih Peng, Shu-Ting Chang, Wei-Te Lei, Tzu-Lin Yeh, Jui-Ming Liu, Chien-Yu Lin
Childhood injuries are unfortunately common. Analysis procedures may assist professionals who work with children with developing preventive measures for protecting children's wellness. This study explores the causes of pediatric injuries presenting to an emergency department in Taiwan. This nationwide, population-based study was conducted using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan (NHIRD). Patients aged <18 years were identified from approximately one million individuals listed in the NHIRD...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356793/fracture-patterns-differ-between-osteogenesis-imperfecta-and-routine-pediatric-fractures
#16
Kranti V Peddada, Brian T Sullivan, Adam Margalit, Paul D Sponseller
BACKGROUND: It is important to estimate the likelihood that a pediatric fracture is caused by osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), especially the least severe type of OI (type 1). METHODS: We reviewed records of 29,101 pediatric patients with fractures from 2003 through 2015. We included patients with closed fractures not resulting from motor vehicle accidents, gunshot wounds, nonaccidental trauma, or bone lesions. Patients with OI of any type were identified through International Classification of Diseases-9 code...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356706/traumatic-obturator-dislocation-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-managed-with-closed-reduction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Molly A Day, Kyle R Duchman, Nicolas O Noiseux
CASE: A 30-year-old man sustained an obturator dislocation of a left total hip prosthesis with a concomitant ipsilateral fracture of the greater trochanter following a high-energy motor-vehicle accident. With the patient under general anesthesia, the hip was successfully treated with closed reduction, as confirmed with intraoperative fluoroscopy and postoperative radiographs. Postreduction, the patient was able to mobilize with abduction restrictions and had no additional instability...
July 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350366/health-results-of-a-coup-attempt-evaluation-of-all-patients-admitted-to-hospitals-in-istanbul-due-to-injuries-sustained-during-the-july-15-2016-coup-attempt
#18
İsmail Tayfur, Mustafa Ahmet Afacan, Mehmet Özgür Erdoğan, Şahin Çolak, Özgür Söğüt, Burcu Genç Yavuz, Korkut Bozan
BACKGROUND: A coup attempt against the government took place in Turkey on July 15, 2016. This attempt caused serious injuries and deaths in the country. In this study, the data of patients referred to all hospitals in Istanbul during the attempt were evaluated, and differences between natural disasters, other terrorist actions, and coup attempts were analyzed. METHODS: In total, 1104 patients were injured in the abovementioned coup attempt. In this study, the demographic and health information of 882 coup victims who were admitted to all hospitals (state and private) in Istanbul on July 15 and 16, 2016 and registered at the Crisis Center of Istanbul Provincial Health Directorate was analyzed...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342014/patterns-and-predictors-of-return-to-work-after-major-trauma-a-prospective-population-based-registry-study
#19
Alex Collie, Pamela M Simpson, Peter A Cameron, Shanthi Ameratunga, Jennie Ponsford, Ronan A Lyons, Sandra Braaf, Andrew Nunn, James E Harrison, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns of engagement in work during the 4-year period after major traumatic injury, and to identify factors associated with those patterns. BACKGROUND: Employment is an important marker of functional recovery from injury. There are few population-based studies of long-term employment outcomes, and limited data on the patterns of return to work (RTW) after injury. METHODS: A population-based, prospective cohort study using the Victorian State Trauma Registry...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341786/unscheduled-adolescents-return-to-the-emergency-department-following-acute-concussion
#20
Dana Baron Shahaf, Sapir Bar, Ronit Leiba, Vered Dvir, Itai Shavit
OBJECTIVE: Emergency department (ED) visits due to concussion have increased over recent years. We aimed to identify variables associated with unscheduled adolescents return to the ED. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. All children aged 11 to 18 years who were admitted to the ED due to concussion between 2011 and 2016 were included. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of ED return. RESULTS: Overall, 616 adolescents were admitted to the ED due to concussion...
January 17, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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