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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102168/brachial-plexus-root-avulsion-injury-with-occipital-condyle-fractures-case-study
#1
Alicja Baranowska, Joanna Baranowska, Agata Pydych, Paweł Baranowski
Avulsion injuries of the brachial plexus with occipital condyle fractures are very rare and usually result from motor vehicle accidents. This paper presents an analysis of the case of a 24-year-old male patient who sustained both these injuries in a car accident. Computed tomography revealed a fracture of the right occipital condyle and a magnetic resonance scan showed spinal nerve disruption at the C3-C7 level on the left. The patient underwent conservative treatment.
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097413/when-surgical-resources-are-severely-constrained-who-receives-care-determinants-of-access-to-orthopaedic-trauma-surgery-in-uganda
#2
Trina Stephens, Alexander Mezei, Nathan N O'Hara, Jeffrey Potter, Rodney Mugarura, Piotr A Blachut, Peter J O'Brien, Tito Beyeza, Gerard P Slobogean
BACKGROUND: In low- and middle-income countries, the volume of traumatic injuries requiring orthopaedic intervention routinely exceeds the capacity of available surgical resources. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of surgical care for lower extremity fracture patients at a high-demand, resource-limited public hospital in Uganda. METHODS: Skeletally mature patients admitted with the intention of definitive surgical treatment of an isolated tibia or femur fractures to the national referral hospital in Uganda were recruited to participate in this study...
January 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097111/fucntional-and-radiological-outcome-of-surgical-management-of-acetabular-fractures-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#3
Faizan Iqbal, Intikhab Taufiq, Muhammad Kazim Raheem Najjad, Naveed Khan, Osama Bin Zia
PURPOSE: Acetabular fractures are mainly caused by trauma and the incidence is rising in developing countries. Initially these fractures were managed conservatively, due to lack of specialized and dedicated acetabulum surgery centres. Our aim is to study the radiological and functional outcomes of surgical management of acetabular fractures in tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 50 patients were enrolled. The patients with acetabular fractures were enrolled between the years 2012 to 2014...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095031/the-role-of-drug-and-alcohol-use-and-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-crashes-in-shiraz-iran-2014-a-case-crossover-study
#4
Narges Khanjani, Masoomeh Mousavi, Amirreza Dehghanian, Yunes Jahani, Hamid Souri
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents and traffic-related injuries and mortality have become a major public health concern over the current years in Iran. This study aimed to examine the role of drug and alcohol use in motor vehicle accidents in Iran. METHODS: This case-crossover study was conducted on 441 drivers who survived from a road traffic crash and were taken to the emergency department of Shahid Rajaee trauma hospital in Shiraz, southern Iran. Data were collected using checklists which included demographic characteristics and drug and alcohol use prior to driving...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069061/association-between-physical-activity-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-male-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Hiroaki Itoh, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Takehisa Matsukawa, Fumihiko Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Whether physical activity reduces the risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) for non-obese people remains unclear. The present cross-sectional study examined the association between physical activity and SDB among non-obese male Japanese workers. METHODS: All 200 workers in a company in Tokyo, Japan, who drove a motor vehicle as part of their job, were invited to be screened for SDB to prevent traffic accidents. Of these, 195 agreed to participate in this study...
January 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065990/delayed-diagnosis-of-an-isolated-posterolateral-corner-injury-a-case-report
#6
Patrick Welsh, Christopher DeGraauw, David Whitty
INTRODUCTION: Isolated injuries to the posterolateral corner of the knee are a rare and commonly missed injury associated with athletic trauma, motor vehicle accidents, and falls. Delayed or missed diagnoses can negatively impact patient prognosis, contributing to residual instability, chronic pain, and failure of surgical repair to other ligaments. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old male CrossFit athlete presented with a history of two non-contact hyperextension injuries to his left knee while walking on ice...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062423/prominent-metalware-from-pelvic-surgery-causing-dyspareunia
#7
Mithun Nambiar, Samuel Raymond Heaton, Andrew John Stevenson, Andrew Thomas Bucknill
We present a case of female dyspareunia secondary to metalware placement during extensive pelvic surgery following a motor vehicle accident. The patient initially had an uneventful recovery from her operations. However, she noticed pain with vaginal intercourse, due to a screw tip which was palpable on vaginal examination. X-ray imaging confirmed long screws in the medial part of an anterior column plate, which were impacting on the anterior vaginal wall. Subsequent percutaneous removal of two screws resulted in resolution of her symptoms of painful vaginal intercourse...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061357/characteristics-of-alcohol-related-facial-fractures
#8
Kai Lee, Michael Qiu
PURPOSE: Excessive indulgence in alcohol is a key causative factor in facial fractures especially in settings of interpersonal violence (IPV) and motor vehicle accidents. This study aims to explore characteristics of alcohol-involved facial fractures in the state of Victoria, Australia, over a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed data from the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset between 2004 and 2014; the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset is a standardized database reported by all Victorian hospitals for every admission...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043106/factors-affecting-quality-of-life-among-spinal-cord-injury-patients-in-korea
#9
Jong Soo Lee, Sang Woon Kim, Sang Hyun Jee, Joon Chul Kim, Jong Bo Choi, Sung Yong Cho, Jang Hwan Kim
PURPOSE: Complaints from spinal cord injury (SCI) patients are typically related to physical disability affecting activities of daily life. However, difficulties with voiding and defecation and/or sexual function can also be major concerns. The general population and even physicians are generally unaware of these complaints; therefore, this study focuses on surveying SCI patients regarding challenges that are faced in daily life. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered randomly and anonymously to SCI patients who visited the Korea Spinal Cord Injury Association and several rehabilitation hospitals in the Republic of Korea in 2013...
December 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019001/characteristics-of-road-traffic-accident-casualties-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#10
Dinesh M Fernando, Sampath U Tennakoon, Achini N Samaranayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
The mortality and morbidity of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing in the South Asian region, including Sri Lanka. Therefore, the demographic factors, types of vehicles involved, and the severity of injuries sustained in RTA was studied. Age, gender, and details of the incident of all patients admitted to hospital following a RTA, between January 2007 and August 2012, were obtained by interview. Following a medico-legal examination, the type and severity of injuries was categorized as, non-grievous, grievous, endangering life or fatal in the ordinary course of nature...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007360/protective-and-risk-factors-associated-with-adolescent-sleep-findings-from-australia-canada-and-the-netherlands
#11
Kate Bartel, Paul Williamson, Annette van Maanen, Jamie Cassoff, Anne Marie Meijer, Frans Oort, Bärbel Knäuper, Reut Gruber, Michael Gradisar
BACKGROUND: Sleep is vital for adolescent functioning. Those with optimal sleep duration have shown improved capacity to learn and decreased rate of motor vehicle accidents. This study explored the influence of numerous protective and risk factors on adolescents' school night sleep (bedtime, sleep latency, total sleep time) simultaneously to assess the importance of each one and compare within three countries. METHOD: Online survey data were collected from Australia, Canada, and The Netherlands...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005155/on-scene-treatment-of-spinal-injuries-in-motor-sports
#12
REVIEW
M Kreinest, M Scholz, P Trafford
Because spinal cord injuries can have fatal consequences for injured race car drivers, prehospital treatment of spinal injuries is a major concern in motor sports. A structured procedure for assessing trauma patients and their treatment should follow established ABCDE principles. Only then, a stable patient could be further examined and appropriate measures can be undertaken. For patients in an acute life-threatening condition, rapid transport must be initiated and should not be delayed by measures that are not indicated...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005105/hinged-knee-external-fixator-used-to-reduce-and-maintain-subacute-tibiofemoral-coronal-subluxation
#13
Erik J Geiger, Alexander H Arzeno, Michael J Medvecky
Dislocation of the knee is a rare phenomenon that is becoming increasingly recognized with the expansion of its definition to include knees presenting with multiligament compromise. Hinged external fixators are now considered a viable supplementary treatment option in the management of acute ligament repair or reconstruction but their use in the management of subacute or chronic tibiofemoral dislocations or subluxations is less well defined. We report a case of a hinged-knee external fixator used to facilitate and maintain reduction of a chronic coronal tibial subluxation that presented after repair of an acute knee dislocation with lateral ligament injury secondary to a motor vehicle accident...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001756/transcranial-red-near-infrared-light-emitting-diode-therapy-to-improve-cognition-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Margaret A Naeser, Paula I Martin, Michael D Ho, Maxine H Krengel, Yelena Bogdanova, Jeffrey A Knight, Megan K Yee, Ross Zafonte, Judith Frazier, Michael R Hamblin, Bang-Bon Koo
We review the general topic of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and our research utilizing transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) to improve cognition in chronic TBI using red/near-infrared (NIR) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to deliver light to the head. tPBM improves mitochondrial function increasing oxygen consumption, production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and improving cellular energy stores. Nitric oxide is released from the cells increasing regional blood flow in the brain. Review of published studies: In our previously published study, 11 chronic TBI patients with closed-head TBI caused by different accidents (motor vehicle accident, sports-related, improvised explosive device blast injury) and exhibiting long-lasting cognitive dysfunction received 18 outpatient treatments (Monday, Wednesday, Friday for 6 weeks) starting at 10 months to 8 years post-TBI...
December 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000209/evaluation-of-non-natural-deaths-among-veterans-new-mexico-medical-examiner-investigated-deaths-2002-2011
#15
Melissa R LeBlanc, Camille P Clifford, Sarah L Lathrop
While it is recognized that veterans have increased rates of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicide, and substance use disorders, rates of homicide and unintentional injury deaths in veterans have been minimally investigated. We evaluated all non-natural deaths in New Mexico veterans between 2002 and 2011 in comparison with non-natural deaths among non-veterans. We reviewed all decedents in New Mexico with a history of military service and investigated by the medical examiner, excluding natural deaths and deaths due to fall from standing height...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993391/injury-threshold-of-rectus-capitis-muscles-at-the-atlanto-occipital-joint
#16
Richard C Hallgren
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to collect muscle stiffness data from the 4 rectus capitis (RC) muscles to better understand their role in stabilizing the atlanto-occipital joint. The passive load displacement properties of these muscles have not been previously reported. METHODS: Rectus capitis muscles were removed from 3 unembalmed head and neck specimens. Passive length-force (stiffness) data were collected by using a servo-controlled hydraulic test machine...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988189/frequency-of-extreme-weather-events-and-increased-risk-of-motor-vehicle-collision-in-maryland
#17
Ann Liu, Sutyajeet I Soneja, Chengsheng Jiang, Chanjuan Huang, Timothy Kerns, Kenneth Beck, Clifford Mitchell, Amir Sapkota
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown increased precipitation to be associated with higher frequency of traffic collisions. However, data regarding how extreme weather events, projected to grow in frequency, intensity, and duration in response to a changing climate, might affect the risk of motor vehicle collisions is particularly limited. We investigated the association between frequency of extreme heat and precipitation events and risk of motor vehicle collision in Maryland between 2000 and 2012...
December 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986471/retrospective-clinical-study-of-maxillary-sagittal-fractures-predictors-of-postoperative-outcome
#18
Krishna Prasad Regmi, JunBo Tu, SuMeng Ge, ChengQun Hou, XiaoYi Hu, ShiXian Li, JingTing Du
PURPOSE: Because of less attention to the sagittal component of maxillary fractures, these fractures are often misdiagnosed and the reduction leading to maxillary transverse discrepancies is missed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with good or adverse postoperative outcomes of maxillary sagittal fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a single-center retrospective cohort study. The sample was composed of cases of maxillary sagittal fractures treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Trauma Unit of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Xi'an, China) from January 2008 through December 2013...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974929/crushing-injuries-of-the-foot-and-ankle-with-complex-open-fractures-result-of-a-prospective-study-with-a-3-year-follow-up
#19
Edelstein DA, Florescu I
The objective of this study was to determine the compared results of both the reconstruction surgery and the amputation in severe crushing of the foot, which led to open fractures. The type of study. Prospective. Background. Two major trauma hospitals (Floreasca Clinical Emergency Hospital and "Bagdasar Arseni" Clinical Emergency Hospital) from the university center in Bucharest. Patients. 21 patients, who sustained crushing of the foot with resulting Gustilo type III open fractures, were involved. The exclusion criteria were represented by open fractures that had very gross destructions of the neurovascular bundle, for which the amputation was the only solution, with no modality to reconstruct whatsoever...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971957/risk-of-motor-vehicle-accidents-increases-with-multimorbidity
#20
Y Fortin, J A Crispo, D S McNair, D Cohen, S Dahrouge, D R Mattison, D Krewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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