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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646703/comparison-of-type-2-diabetes-prevalence-in-chinese-migrants-vs-caucasians-and-new-perspectives-for-screening-of-cerebrovascular-disease-in-chinese-a-proof-of-concept-study
#1
Pietro A Modesti, Sergio Castellani, Maria Calabrese, Danilo Malandrino, Dong Zhao
AIMS: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a recognized risk factor for intracranial stenosis (ICS) in China where ischemic stroke is a health priority. In Europe little information is available on T2DM prevalence among Chinese minority groups and vascular screening is commonly limited to extracranial vessels. Feasibility of community-based T2DM screening, differences in T2DM prevalence between Chinese migrants and Italians, and prevalence of ICS among Chinese patients with newly diagnosed T2DM were investigated...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646620/atopic-dermatitis-is-inversely-associated-with-hepatitis-b-antigen-positivity-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
H Y Kim, C W Kim, J Y Choi, D S Yu, J W Kim, K D Han, Y G Park, Y B Lee
BACKGROUND: No clear association between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and atopic dermatitis (AD) has been established. Some studies have reported that subjects with HBV had an increased risk of atopy; other studies reported an inverse association between HBV seropositivity and allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between AD and hepatitis B antigen (HBsAg) positivity using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. METHODS: In total, 14,776 participants aged > 19 years were included in the analysis...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646610/measuring-the-societal-impact-of-psoriasis-in-the-united-kingdom-through-a-non-interventional-study-of-patients
#3
C E Griffiths, R Williams, A C Halliday, J A Leman
This cross-sectional study aimed to measure total societal costs of moderate-to-severe, chronic plaque psoriasis in adults, and was conducted at 10 National Health Service hospitals in the United Kingdom between June-November 2014. Data capture was via hand-held electronic devices. Investigators at participating sites identified participants. Eligible patients were ≥18 years of age and diagnosed with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis for at least 6 months (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) ≥10, and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) >10)...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646566/structural-neuroimaging-correlates-of-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-in-adolescents-and-adults
#4
Rachel E Thayer, Sophie YorkWilliams, Hollis C Karoly, Amithrupa Sabbineni, Sarah Feldstein Ewing, Angela D Bryan, Kent E Hutchison
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic alcohol use is associated with lower gray matter volume, and we recently reported that alcohol use showed negative associations with widespread gray matter (GM) volume even among young adults. The current study aimed to test the strength of association between (1) alcohol use and GM volume; (2) alcohol use and white matter (WM) integrity; (3) cannabis use and GM volume; and (4) cannabis use and WM integrity among adults and adolescents. DESIGN AND SETTING: General linear models within large pooled cross-sectional samples of adolescents and adults who had participated in studies collecting substance use and neuroimaging data in the southwestern United States...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646492/prenatal-perinatal-and-neonatal-risk-factors-for-perinatal-arterial-ischaemic-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
C Li, J K Miao, Y Xu, Y Y Hua, Q Ma, L L Zhou, H J Liu, Q X Chen
The aim of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis of published data to determine the significance of clinical factors and exposures to the risk of perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke (PAIS) and provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment. A comprehensive literature search of the PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases for relevant observational studies (cohort/case-control) from March 1984 to March 2016 was undertaken. Two review authors independently examined the full text records to determine which studies met the inclusion criteria and evaluated risk factors for PAIS...
June 24, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646479/negative-body-attitudes-and-sexual-dissatisfaction-in-men-the-mediating-role-of-body-self-consciousness-during-physical-intimacy
#6
Femke van den Brink, Manja Vollmann, Lot C Sternheim, Lotte J Berkhout, Renée A Zomerdijk, Liesbeth Woertman
Previous research indicated that negative attitudes about the body and appearance are common among men and demonstrated that negative body attitudes are associated with negative sexual experiences. The present study investigated the association between body attitudes and sexual dissatisfaction and the mediating role of body self-consciousness during physical intimacy. In a cross-sectional design, 201 Dutch men completed an online survey regarding body attitudes toward muscularity, body fat, height, and genitals, body self-consciousness during physical intimacy, and sexual dissatisfaction...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646468/an-investigation-into-the-association-between-demographic-and-morbidity-factors-and-sleep-disturbance
#7
N Mullane, C Bradley
BACKGROUND: The recognition of sleep disorders is important because in the long term, they are associated with numerous deleterious health outcomes. Despite the high prevalence of sleep disorders, they are widely under-diagnosed at general practice level. AIM: This study aims to investigate the association between demographic and morbidity factors, and self-reported sleep disturbance symptoms. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study design was used...
June 23, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646330/-imaging-of-vessels-supplying-the-brain
#8
REVIEW
S M Schellong, N Abolmaali, B Voigts, C Stelzner
Nowadays, several technically validated modalities are available for imaging both the extracranial and intracranial segments of arteries supplying blood to the brain. In the acute stroke setting, computed tomography (CT) angiography is of utmost importance because it provides the key diagnostic criteria indicative for the use of catheter-based recanalization techniques. Ultrasound imaging of extracranial arteries is most suitable for detecting an underlying stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in patients with stroke, transient ischemic attacks (TIA), retinal vessel occlusion and amaurosis fugax...
June 23, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646244/increased-soluble-vcam-1-and-normal-p-selectin-in-cystic-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Jan K Nowak, Irena Wojsyk-Banaszak, Edyta Mądry, Andrzej Wykrętowicz, Patrycja Krzyżanowska, Sławomira Drzymała-Czyż, Agata Nowicka, Andrzej Pogorzelski, Ewa Sapiejka, Wojciech Skorupa, Mariusz Szczepanik, Aleksandra Lisowska, Jaroslaw Walkowiak
PURPOSE: As life expectancy in cystic fibrosis (CF) increases, questions regarding its potential impact on cardiovascular health arise. Soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1), P-selectin (sP-selectin) are proposed as biomarkers of cardiovascular disease. We aimed to: compare their concentrations in clinically stable CF patients and healthy subjects (HS) and verify whether they independently correlate with CF characteristics. METHODS: Serum sVCAM-1 and sP-selectin levels were measured using ELISA...
June 23, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646016/tshb-mrna-is-linked-to-cholesterol-metabolism-in-adipose-tissue
#10
José María Moreno-Navarrete, María Moreno, Francisco Ortega, Gemma Xifra, Shangyu Hong, John M Asara, José C E Serrano, Mariona Jové, Pavlos Pissios, Matthias Blüher, Wifredo Ricart, Manuel Portero-Otin, José Manuel Fernández-Real
Subclinical hypothyroidism is known to be associated with increased serum cholesterol. Since thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) exerts an inductor effect on cholesterol biosynthesis, we aimed to investigate the relationship between TSH mRNA and cholesterol metabolism in human adipose tissue (AT). Cross-sectionally, AT TSH-β (TSHB) mRNA was evaluated in 4 independent cohorts in association with serum total and LDL cholesterol, and AT lipidomics. Longitudinally, the effects of statins and of diet and exercise on AT TSHB mRNA were also examined...
June 23, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645707/syndemic-factors-mediate-the-relationship-between-sexual-stigma-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women-and-gender-minorities
#11
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Tonia Poteat, Anne C Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Stigma and discrimination contribute to elevated depression risks among sexual minority women (SMW) and gender minority (GM) people who identify as lesbian, bisexual, or queer. Syndemics theory posits that adverse psychosocial outcomes cluster to negatively impact health and mental health outcomes among sexual minorities. We tested whether a syndemic condition composed of low social support, low self-rated health, low self-esteem, and economic insecurity mediated the relationship between sexual stigma and depressive symptoms among SMW/GM...
June 20, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645521/platelet-count-and-indoor-cold-exposure-among-elderly-people-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-heijo-kyo-study
#12
Keigo Saeki, Kenji Obayashi, Norio Kurumatani
BACKGROUND: Excess mortality from cardiovascular disease during cold seasons is a worldwide issue. Although some physiologic studies suggests that platelet activation via cold exposure may cause an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in winter, the influence of indoor cold exposure in real-life situations on platelet (PLT) count remains unclear. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1095 elderly individuals. After obtaining a venous sample in the morning, indoor temperature of participants' home was measured every 10 min for 48 h...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645263/microbiota-dependent-metabolite-and-cardiovascular-disease-marker-trimethylamine-n-oxide-tmao-is-associated-with-monocyte-activation-but-not-platelet-function-in-untreated-hiv-infection
#13
Judith M Haissman, Anna K Haugaard, Sisse R Ostrowski, Rolf K Berge, Johannes R Hov, Marius Trøseid, Susanne D Nielsen
BACKGROUND: HIV infection is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease beyond that explained by traditional risk factors. Altered gut microbiota, microbial translocation, and immune activation have been proposed as potential triggers. The microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) predicts myocardial infarction (MI) in the general population and has recently been shown to induce platelet hyperreactivity. In the present study, we investigated if TMAO was associated with platelet function, microbial translocation, and immune activation in both untreated and combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) HIV infection...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645256/socioeconomic-status-is-associated-with-symptom-severity-and-sickness-absence-in-people-with-infectious-intestinal-disease-in-the-uk
#14
Tanith C Rose, Natalie L Adams, Benjamin Barr, Jeremy Hawker, Sarah J O'Brien, Mara Violato, Margaret Whitehead, David C Taylor-Robinson
BACKGROUND: The burden of infectious intestinal disease (IID) in the UK is substantial. Negative consequences including sickness absence are common, but little is known about the social patterning of these outcomes, or the extent to which they relate to disease severity. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using IID cases identified from a large population-based survey, to explore the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and symptom severity and sickness absence; and to assess the role of symptom severity on the relationship between SES and absence...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645137/-to-take-or-not-to-take-the-association-between-perceived-addiction-risk-expected-analgesic-response-and-likelihood-of-trying-novel-pain-relievers-in-self-identified-chronic-pain-patients
#15
D Andrew Tompkins, Andrew S Huhn, Patrick S Johnson, Michael T Smith, Eric C Strain, Robert R Edwards, Matthew W Johnson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Probability discounting refers to the effect of outcome uncertainty on decision making. Using probability discounting, we examined the degree to which self-identified chronic pain patients (CPP) were likely to try a novel analgesic medication given increasing addiction risk. We postulated that propensity for opioid misuse, trait impulsivity, and previous opioid experience would be positively associated with likelihood of risky medication use. DESIGN: This cross-sectional online study determined state/trait associations with addiction-related medication decisions in CPP...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644357/effect-of-synbiotic-on-the-gut-microbiota-of-cesarean-delivered-infants-a-randomized-double-blind-multicenter-study
#16
Mei Chin Chua, Kaouther Ben-Amor, Christophe Lay, Anne G E Neo, Wei Chin Chiang, Rajeshwar Rao, Charmaine Chew, Surasith Chaithongwongwatthana, Nipon Khemapech, Jan Knol, Voranush Chongsrisawat
We determined the effect of short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides (scGOS), long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (lcFOS) and Bifidobacterium breve M-16V on the gut microbiota of cesarean-born infants. Infants were randomized to receive a standard formula (control), the same with scGOS/lcFOS and B. breve M-16V (synbiotic), or with scGOS/lcFOS (prebiotic) from birth until week 16, 30 subjects born vaginally were included as a reference group. Synbiotic supplementation resulted in a higher bifidobacteria proportion from day 3/5 (P < 0...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643920/analysis-of-polycaprolactone-scaffolds-fabricated-via-precision-extrusion-deposition-for-control-of-craniofacial-tissue-mineralization
#17
C W Fedore, L Y L Tse, H K Nam, K L Barton, N E Hatch
OBJECTIVES: Recurrence of cranial bone fusion following surgical resection in craniosynostosis patients commonly requires additional surgical procedures. Surgical implantation of engineered 3D scaffolds that control tissue mineralization could be utilized to diminish recurrence of fusion. This study investigated the ability of composite scaffolds to control tissue mineralization when cultured in vitro. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Precision-engineered scaffolds with calvarial cells were cultured in vitro at the Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Michigan...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643910/evaluation-of-the-3dmdface-system-as-a-tool-for-soft-tissue-analysis
#18
C Hong, K Choi, Y Kachroo, T Kwon, A Nguyen, R McComb, W Moon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry by comparing values obtained from direct anthropometry and the 3dMDface system. To achieve a more comprehensive evaluation of the reliability of 3dMD, both linear and surface measurements were examined. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: UCLA Section of Orthodontics. Mannequin head as model for anthropometric measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Image acquisition and analysis were carried out on a mannequin head using 16 anthropometric landmarks and 21 measured parameters for linear and surface distances...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643907/utilizing-three-dimensional-data-in-orthodontic-practice-and-research
#19
REVIEW
R C Solem
The recent prevalence of three dimensional (3D) images of soft and hard tissues provides a wealth of new data from which the clinician can evaluate these changes. However, evaluating this new data presents new and significant challenges. Current approaches utilizing multi-dimensional data for the precise evaluation of changes related to treatment and growth sets are reviewed. The results of current validation studies exploring approaches to these problems are reviewed, including the registration of longitudinal data using maxillary and mandibular regions of reference...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643884/learning-climate-and-feedback-as-predictors-of-dental-students-self-determined-motivation-the-mediating-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-satisfaction
#20
C Orsini, V Binnie, S Wilson, M J Villegas
AIM: The aim of this study was to test the mediating role of the satisfaction of dental students' basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness on the association between learning climate, feedback and student motivation. The latter was based on the self-determination theory's concepts of differentiation of autonomous motivation, controlled motivation and amotivation. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted where 924 students completed self-reported questionnaires measuring motivation, perception of the learning climate, feedback and basic psychological needs satisfaction...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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