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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776430/recurrent-bilateral-mycobacterium-bovis-necrotizing-epididymitis-a-case-report
#1
Simon Grandjean-Lapierre, Simon-Djamel Thiberville, Mustapha Fellag, Christophe Eghazarian, Feriel Bouzid, Christina Gavril, Michel Drancourt
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium bovis causing tuberculosis in animals is responsible for zoonotic tuberculosis in patients. Veterinary control measures and milk pasteurization has led to a significant decrease in human cases of M. bovis infections in developed countries. CASE PRESENTATION: We diagnosed recurrent M. bovis epididymitis in a 63-year old Caucasian man without any signs of pulmonary or disseminated disease. Relevant epidemiological expositions included camel milk drinking during prolonged travels in Niger, prior to initial clinical manifestations...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772398/molecular-epidemiology-and-characterization-of-picobirnaviruses-in-small-ruminant-populations-in-india
#2
Yashpal Singh Malik, Shubhankar Sircar, Kuldeep Dhama, Rashmi Singh, Souvik Ghosh, Krisztián Bányai, Anastasia N Vlasova, Touil Nadia, Raj Kumar Singh
Picobirnavirus (PBV) is recognized as a putative cause of diarrhea and respiratory illnesses. Although PBV has been reported in several mammalian (including humans) and avian host species, data pertaining to its presence in small ruminants are limited. We report, here, PBV infection in small ruminants (ovine and caprine), in India. From January 2015 to December 2017, 400 samples were tested for the presence of PBV, using an RT-PCR assay specific for the genome segment-2. The overall rate of PBV infection was 35...
May 14, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763640/development-of-fluorescent-reverse-transcription-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-rt-lamp-using-quenching-probes-for-the-detection-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus
#3
Kazuya Shirato, Shohei Semba, Sherif A El-Kafrawy, Ahmed M Hassan, Ahmed M Tolah, Ikuyo Takayama, Tsutomu Kageyama, Tsugunori Notomi, Wataru Kamitani, Shutoku Matsuyama, Esam Ibraheem Azhar
Clinical detection of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in patients is achieved using genetic diagnostic methods, such as real-time RT-PCR assay. Previously, we developed a reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for the detection of MERS-CoV [Virol J. 2014. 11:139]. Generally, amplification of RT-LAMP is monitored by the turbidity induced by precipitation of magnesium pyrophosphate with newly synthesized DNA. However, this mechanism cannot completely exclude the possibility of unexpected reactions...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762531/synthesis-spectroscopic-and-biological-studies-of-mixed-ligand-complexes-of-gemifloxacin-and-glycine-with-zn-ii-sn-ii-and-ce-iii
#4
Shimaa H Sakr, Hazem S Elshafie, Ippolito Camele, Sadeek A Sadeek
Three novel mixed ligand metal complexes have been synthesized by the reaction of Zn(II), Sn(II), and Ce(III) with gemifloxacin (GMFX) in the presence of glycine (Gly) (1:1:1 molar ratio). The coordination possibility of the two ligands toward metal ions has been proposed in the light of elemental analysis, molar conductance, spectral infrared (IR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and proton-nuclear magnetic resonance (¹H NMR), and magnetic studies. Results suggest that GMFX and Gly interact with the metal ions as bidentate ligands...
May 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753472/investigating-the-properties-of-high-pressure-treated-reduced-sodium-low-moisture-part-skim-mozzarella-cheese-during-refrigerated-storage
#5
M Ozturk, S Govindasamy-Lucey, J J Jaeggi, M E Johnson, J A Lucey
We proposed that the performance and sensory properties of reduced-Na, low-moisture, part-skim (LMPS) Mozzarella cheese could be extended by the application of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) to cheese postmanufacture and thereby decrease microbial and enzymatic activity. Fermentation-produced camel chymosin was also used as a coagulant to help reduce proteolysis during storage. Average composition of the LMPS Mozzarella cheeses was 48.6 ± 0.6% moisture, 22.5 ± 0.4% fat, 24.5 ± 0.6% protein, and 1.0 ± 0...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746547/combining-different-proteomic-approaches-to-resolve-complexity-of-the-milk-protein-fraction-of-dromedary-bactrian-camels-and-hybrids-from-different-regions-of-kazakhstan
#6
Alma Ryskaliyeva, Céline Henry, Guy Miranda, Bernard Faye, Gaukhar Konuspayeva, Patrice Martin
Nutritional suitability of milk is not only related to gross composition, but is also strongly affected by the microheterogeniety of the protein fraction. Hence, to go further into the evaluation of the potential suitability of non-bovine milks in human/infant nutrition it is necessary to have a detailed characterization of their protein components. Combining proven proteomic approaches (SDS-PAGE, LC-MS/MS and LC-ESI-MS) and cDNA sequencing, we provide here in depth characterization of the milk protein fraction of dromedary and Bactrian camels, and their hybrids, from different regions of Kazakhstan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721841/histomorphometric-analysis-of-the-choroid-of-donkeys-buffalos-camels-and-dogs
#7
Ahmed M Kotb, Ismail Abdel-Aziz Ibrahim, Khaled H Aly, Ahmed E Zayed
AIM: The present study was carried out to investigate the morphological and histomorphometric characters of choroid in donkeys, buffalos, camels and dogs. RESULTS: The findings of the study revealed that, macroscopically, the choroid was consisted of two areas in all studied animals, except in camel which consists of one area. Histologically, the choroid consists of five layers. Interestingly, the anterior borders of all investigated animals were free of pigments except in camel...
May 2, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721803/appraisal-of-interpretation-criteria-for-the-single-intra-dermal-comparative-cervical-tuberculin-test-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-dromedary-camels-in-ethiopia
#8
Yasmin Jibril, Gezahegne Mamo, Ahmed Issa, Aboma Zewude, Gobena Ameni
Dromedary camels are the main sources of milk, meat and income for the Ethiopian pastoralists as they withstand the harsh environments of the regions of the country. Tuberculosis (TB) affects dromedary camels causing morbidity and mortality in these animals. Hence, early diagnosis and identification of infected camels play a significant role in reducing the transmission of TB in camels. This study was conducted on 168 camels between October 2014 and July 2015 to evaluate the performance of single intra-dermal comparative cervical tuberculin (SICCT) to diagnose TB in camels...
May 2, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710697/temperature-dependency-of-whole-blood-viscosity-and-red-cell-properties-in-desert-ungulates-studies-on-scimitar-horned-oryx-and-dromedary-camel
#9
Ursula Windberger, Roland Auer, Roberto Plasenzotti, Stephanie Eloff, Julian A Skidmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710696/viscoelasticity-and-structure-of-blood-clots-generated-in-vitro-by-rheometry-a-comparison-between-human-horse-rat-and-camel
#10
Christoph Dibiasi, Jacek Plewka, Leon Ploszczanski, Veronika Glanz, Helga Lichtenegger, Ursula Windberger
BACKGROUND: Although the coagulation system is evolutionary well preserved, profound species differences exist in viscoelastic as well as in common laboratory tests of coagulation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluating differences in clot formation and material characterisation of clots of four mammalian species on macro-, micro- and nanoscales by the means of rheometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). METHODS: Blood samples were collected from healthy human volunteers, laboratory rats (HL/LE inbred strain), warmblood horses and dromedary camels...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705422/influence-of-bactrian-camel-milk-on-the-gut-microbiota
#11
Zhaoxia Wang, Wenyi Zhang, Bini Wang, Fuxin Zhang, Yuyu Shao
Bactrian camel milk has become popular in the market as an important source of nutrients with diverse functional effects. In this study, the influence of Bactrian camel milk on the gut microbiota of mice was studied using metagenomic-based sequencing of the V3 and V4 hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA gene. Bioinformatics analysis showed that Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes were the predominant phyla, accounting for more than 80% of the bacteria present. At the genus level, Allobaculum, Akkermansia, Romboutsia, Bifidobacterium, and Lactobacillus were most abundant in the gut microbiota; of these, Allobaculum and Akkermansia were the predominant genera, representing 40...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700183/state-of-the-art-camel-care
#12
(no author information available yet)
An international team of vets is providing expert care in the world's first dedicated camel hospital, explains Daniel Gillett .
April 28, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698487/enhanced-surveillance-for-rift-valley-fever-in-livestock-during-el-ni%C3%A3-o-rains-and-threat-of-rvf-outbreak-kenya-2015-2016
#13
Harry Oyas, Lindsey Holmstrom, Naomi P Kemunto, Matthew Muturi, Athman Mwatondo, Eric Osoro, Austine Bitek, Bernard Bett, Jane W Githinji, Samuel M Thumbi, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Peninah M Munyua, M Kariuki Njenga
BACKGROUND: In mid-2015, the United States' Pandemic Prediction and Forecasting Science and Technical Working Group of the National Science and Technology Council, Food and Agriculture Organization Emergency Prevention Systems, and Kenya Meteorological Department issued an alert predicting a high possibility of El-Niño rainfall and Rift Valley Fever (RVF) epidemic in Eastern Africa. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In response to the alert, the Kenya Directorate of Veterinary Services (KDVS) carried out an enhanced syndromic surveillance system between November 2015 and February 2016, targeting 22 RVF high-risk counties in the country as identified previously through risk mapping...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694984/camel-milk-ameliorates-5-fluorouracil-induced-renal-injury-in-rats-targeting-mapks-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-pi3k-akt-enos-pathways
#14
Hany H Arab, Samir A Salama, Ibrahim A Maghrabi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The clinical utility of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is limited by its nephrotoxicity. Camel milk (CM) has previously displayed beneficial effects in toxicant-induced nephropathies. The current study aimed to investigate the potential of CM to attenuate 5-FU-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. METHODS: Renal tissues were studied in terms of oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis. The levels of renal injury markers, inflammatory cytokines along with NOX-1, Nrf-2 and HO-1 were assessed by ELISA...
April 20, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692599/structure-and-microanalysis-of-tear-film-ferning-of-camel-tears-human-tears-and-refresh-plus
#15
Masmali Am, Fagehi Ra, Ahmad H El-Naggar, Almubrad Tm
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the tear ferning pattern and chemical elements of the tear film of camel tears compared with human tears and Refresh Plus eye lubricant. Refresh Plus was used as a control because it provides a healthy ferning pattern, due to the presence of an optimum ratio of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) sodium and electrolytes. The main research focus is elucidating the viability of camel tear film in the dry, harsh environment of the desert. Methods: The tears were collected from five camels, five male desert workers (20-25 years old) at a small village located 100 km from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and five male subjects (20-25 years old) from Riyadh...
2018: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691701/the-use-of-human-bovine-and-camel-milk-albumins-in-anticancer-complexes-with-oleic-acid
#16
Esmail M El-Fakharany, Marwa M Abu-Serie, Ekaterina A Litus, Sergei E Permyakov, Eugene A Permyakov, Vladimir N Uversky, Elrashdy M Redwan
Oleic acid (OA) is a monounsaturated fatty acid that upon binding to milk proteins, such as α-lactalbumin and lactoferrin, forms potent complexes, which exert selective anti-tumor activity against malignant cells but are nontoxic for healthy normal cells. We showed that the interaction of OA with albumins isolated from human, bovine, and camel milk results in the formation of complexes with high antitumor activity against Caco-2, HepG-2, PC-3, and MCF-7 tumor cells. The antitumor effect of the complexes is mostly due to the action of oleic acid, similar to the case of OA complexes with other proteins...
April 24, 2018: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690254/revision-of-the-camel-spider-genus-eremocosta-roewer-and-a-description-of-the-female-eremocosta-gigas-roewer-arachnida-solifugae
#17
Paula E Cushing, Felix Channiago, Jack O Brookhart
A recent phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the solifuge genus Eremocosta (Eremobatidae), although not monophyletic, formed a strongly supported group, rendered paraphyletic by the exclusion of E. acuitlapanensis, which we herein determine is misplaced in this genus. We revise the taxonomy of the genus Eremocosta. Nine species of the 13 currently placed in the genus are retained, E. bajaensis (Muma 1986), E. calexicensis (Muma 1951), E. formidabilus (Simon 1879), E. gigas Roewer 1934, E. gigasella (Muma 1970), E...
March 29, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689778/an-annotated-type-catalogue-of-the-camel-spiders-arachnida-solifugae-held-in-the-zoological-museum-hamburg
#18
Danilo Harms, Nadine DupÉrrÉ
Solifuges are an enigmatic and poorly studied group of arachnids. Commonly referred to as camel spiders or sun spiders, these animals are voracious predators of small animals and found in arid biomes of the Old World and the Americas. In this paper, we provide a catalogue for the solifuges (Arachnida: Solifugae) that are held at the Center of Natural History in Hamburg. The collections in Hamburg are predominantly historical and were accumulated by Karl Kraepelin between 1889 and 1914 with the help of other famous arachnologists such as Ferdinant Karsch and Eugène Simon...
January 23, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685720/immunohistochemical-expression-of-apoptosis-related-biomarkers-in-normal-tissues-of-camel-camelus-dromedarius-a-survey-in-a-desert-dwelling-mammalian-model
#19
Abdel-Hamid K Osman, Thomas Caceci, Mitchiko Shintani
Programmed cell death is a fundamental event that takes place during organ development and plays an important role in cellular homeostasis. Since various body organs of the camel are under high ecological and physiological stress during food and water deprivation, desiccation, and the long exposure to solar radiation in these desert nomads, we aimed to examine the immunohistochemical expression of apoptosis-related biomarkers in some of its normal body organs to illustrate a basic track for further pathological investigation...
April 20, 2018: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683243/protective-effects-of-camel-whey-protein-against-scrotal-heat-mediated-damage-and-infertility-in-the-mouse-testis-through-yap-nrf2-and-ppar-gamma-signaling-pathways
#20
Gamal Badr, Hanem S Abdel-Tawab, Nancy K Ramadan, Samia F Ahmed, Mohamed H Mahmoud
Elevation of scrotal temperature is one of the most important causes of impaired spermatogenesis and male infertility, but the exact mechanism remains controversial. The present study investigated the impact of camel whey protein (CWP) on the mechanisms of heat stress (HS)-mediated testicular damage in male mice. Exposure to HS was associated with significant increase in the testicular tissues' oxidative stress. Mechanistically, exposure to HS resulted in upregulation of P53 and Nrf2 expressions; downregulation of Bcl2 and PPAR-γ expressions; and induction of testicular Leydig cell hyperplasia...
April 23, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
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