keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

camel

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147933/aerobic-bacteriological-studies-on-the-respiratory-tracts-of-apparently-healthy-and-pneumonic-camels-camelus-dromedaries-in-selected-districts-of-afar-region-ethiopia
#1
Mu'uz Gebru, Genene Tefera, Fufa Dawo, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema
A cross-sectional study was conducted to isolate and identify bacterial species from the respiratory tract of apparently healthy and pneumonic camels in Asayita and Dubti woredas in the Afar Region, Ethiopia. From a total of 74 lung tissue and 74 tracheal swab samples Staphylococcus aureus, 16.3%, Streptococcus equi subsp. equi, 13.0%, and Pasteurella multocida, 10.9%, were dominant isolates from pneumonic lungs; Escherichia coli, 12.7%, Proteus species, 10.9%, and Klebsiella pneumoniae, 9.1%, were the majority in the normal lungs...
November 16, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147677/antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-of-bacteria-isolated-from-the-nasal-cavity-of-camels-in-samburu-nakuru-and-isiolo-counties-of-kenya
#2
J M Mutua, C G Gitao, L C Bebora, F K Mutua
This study was designed to determine antimicrobial resistance profiles of bacteria isolated from the nasal cavity of healthy camels. A total of 255 nasal samples (swabs) were collected in Isiolo, Samburu, and Nakuru counties, Kenya, from which 404 bacterial isolates belonging to various genera and species were recovered. The bacterial isolates included Bacillus (39.60%), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (29.95%), Streptococcus species other than Streptococcus agalactiae (25.74%), coagulase-positive Staphylococcus (3...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146513/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hepatitis-e-infection-in-jordan-population-first-report
#3
Mohammad M Obaidat, Amira A Roess
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is hyperendemic in many countries, but data on this virus are not available in Jordan. This study determined the seroprevalence, risk factors and zoonotic potential of HEV in a Jordanian population. METHODS: A total of 450 sera samples from 8 different governorates were tested for HEV-IgG. A pre-tested and validated questionnaire was used to collect risk factor data including animal interaction and environmental exposures. RESULTS: The overall seroprevalence was 30...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134541/bovine-herpesvirus-1-bhv-1-bovine-leukemia-virus-blv-and-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-bvdv-infections-in-algerian-dromedary-camels-camelus-dromaderius
#4
Radhwane Saidi, Amina Bessas, Idir Bitam, Yaşar Ergün, Veysel Soydal Ataseven
This study was performed to investigate the presence of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1), bovine leukemia virus (BLV) and bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infections in dromedary camels (Camelus dromaderius) kept in mixed herds with sheep and goats in Algeria, since the prevalence of BHV-1, BVDV, and BLV infections among dromedary camels in Algeria is unknown. Totally, 111 camel sera were collected from two provinces (Laghouat and Ghardaia) in Algeria. The sera were analyzed for BHV-1 specific antibodies, BVDV specific antibodies and BVDV antigen using the ELISA, and BLV nucleic acid using PCR...
November 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134088/on-the-lack-of-a-universal-pattern-associated-with-mammalian-domestication-differences-in-skull-growth-trajectories-across-phylogeny
#5
Marcelo R Sánchez-Villagra, Valentina Segura, Madeleine Geiger, Laura Heck, Kristof Veitschegger, David Flores
As shown in a taxonomically broad study, domestication modifies postnatal growth. Skull shape across 1128 individuals was characterized by 14 linear measurements, comparing 13 pairs of wild versus domesticated forms. Among wild forms, the boar, the rabbit and the wolf have the highest proportion of allometric growth, explaining in part the great morphological diversity of the domesticated forms of these species. Wild forms exhibit more isometric growth than their domesticated counterparts. Multivariate comparisons show that dogs and llamas exhibit the greatest amount of differences in trajectories with their wild counterparts...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130123/informal-value-chain-actors-knowledge-and-perceptions-about-zoonotic-diseases-and-biosecurity-in-kenya-and-the-importance-for-food-safety-and-public-health
#6
Simon Nyokabi, Regina Birner, Bernard Bett, Linda Isuyi, Delia Grace, Denise Güttler, Johanna Lindahl
Zoonotic diseases, transmitted from animals to humans, are a public health challenge in developing countries. Livestock value chain actors have an important role to play as the first line of defence in safeguarding public health. However, although the livelihood and economic impacts of zoonoses are widely known, adoption of biosecurity measures aimed at preventing zoonoses is low, particularly among actors in informal livestock value chains in low and middle-income countries. The main objective of this study was to investigate knowledge of zoonoses and adoption of biosecurity measures by livestock and milk value chain actors in Bura, Tana River County, in Kenya, where cattle, camels, sheep and goats are the main livestock kept...
November 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128744/comparison-of-two-zoonotic-viruses-from-the-order-bunyavirales
#7
REVIEW
Leela E Noronha, William C Wilson
A comparison of two geographicallly distinct viruses in the order Bunyavirales that are zoonotic and known to cause congenital abnormalities in ruminant livestock was performed. One of these viruses, Cache Valley fever virus, is found in the Americas and is primarily associated with disease in sheep. The other, Rift Valley fever virus, is found in Sub-Saharan Africa and is associated with disease in camels, cattle, goats and sheep. Neither virus has been associated with teratogenicity in humans to date. These two viruses are briefly reviewed and potential for genetic changes especially if introduced into new ecology that could affect pathogenicity are discussed...
November 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128226/camel-milk-protein-hydrolysates-with-improved-technofunctional-properties-and-enhanced-antioxidant-potential-in-in-vitro-and-in-food-model-systems
#8
Kholoud Awad Al-Shamsi, Priti Mudgil, Hassan Mohamed Hassan, Sajid Maqsood
Camel milk protein hydrolysates (CMPH) were generated using proteolytic enzymes, such as alcalase, bromelain, and papain, to explore the effect on the technofunctional properties and antioxidant potential under in vitro and in real food model systems. Characterization of the CMPH via degree of hydrolysis, sodium dodecyl sulfate-PAGE, and HPLC revealed that different proteins in camel milk underwent degradation at different degrees after enzymatic hydrolysis using 3 different enzymes for 2, 4, and 6 h, with papain displaying the highest degradation...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120791/identification-of-novel-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-dpp-iv-inhibitory-peptides-in-camel-milk-protein-hydrolysates
#9
Alice B Nongonierma, Sara Paolella, Priti Mudgil, Sajid Maqsood, Richard J FitzGerald
Nine novel dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory peptides (FLQY, FQLGASPY, ILDKEGIDY, ILELA, LLQLEAIR, LPVP, LQALHQGQIV, MPVQA and SPVVPF) were identified in camel milk proteins hydrolysed with trypsin. This was achieved using a sequential approach combining liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), qualitative/quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) and confirmatory studies with synthetic peptides. The most potent camel milk protein-derived DPP-IV inhibitory peptides, LPVP and MPVQA, had DPP-IV half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of 87...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120037/independent-recruitment-of-a-novel-seed-dispersal-system-by-camel-crickets-in-achlorophyllous-plants
#10
Kenji Suetsugu
The seeds of most heterotrophic plants, commonly referred to as dust seeds, are typically dispersed in the air like dust particles. Therefore, little attention has been paid to how seeds of heterotrophic plants are dispersed, owing to the notion that wind dispersal is the dominant strategy. However, inconspicuous but fleshy, indehiscent fruit can be observed in distantly related plants that have independently evolved full heterotrophy. Here I investigated the seed dispersal system in three unrelated fully heterotrophic plants with fleshy, indehiscent fruits (Yoania amagiensis, Monotropastrum humile and Phacellanthus tubiflorus) by direct observation, a differential exclusion experiment of fruit feeders and investigation on seed viability through the digestive tract...
November 9, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116605/influence-of-dietary-chromium-yeast-supplementation-on-apparent-trace-elements-metabolism-in-growing-camel-camelus-dromedarius-reared-under-hot-summer-conditions
#11
Ibrahim A Alhidary, M A Alsofi, K A Abdoun, E M Samara, A B Okab, A A Al-Haidary
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary chromium (Cr) supplementation on the apparent metabolism of some trace elements in camel calves reared under hot summer conditions. The study was conducted on a total of 15 male camel calves (5-6 months old) reared under hot summer conditions for 12 weeks. The animals were housed individually under shelter and divided into three dietary treatment groups (diets supplemented with 0.0, 0.5, or 1.0 mg Cr/kg DM), five animals each. At the end of the study, a metabolic trial was conducted on all camels for the evaluation of trace elements metabolism...
November 7, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116505/construction-of-high-quality-camel-immune-antibody-libraries
#12
Ema Romão, Vianney Poignavent, Cécile Vincke, Christophe Ritzenthaler, Serge Muyldermans, Baptiste Monsion
Single-domain antibodies libraries of heavy-chain only immunoglobulins from camelids or shark are enriched for high-affinity antigen-specific binders by a short in vivo immunization. Thus, potent binders are readily retrieved from relatively small-sized libraries of 10(7)-10(8) individual transformants, mostly after phage display and panning on a purified target. However, the remaining drawback of this strategy arises from the need to generate a dedicated library, for nearly every envisaged target. Therefore, all the procedures that shorten and facilitate the construction of an immune library of best possible quality are definitely a step forward...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116217/diversity-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronaviruses-in-109-dromedary-camels-based-on-full-genome-sequencing-abu-dhabi-united-arab-emirates
#13
Mohammed Farouk Yusof, Krista Queen, Yassir Mohammed Eltahir, Clinton R Paden, Zulaikha Mohamed Abdel Hameed Al Hammadi, Ying Tao, Yan Li, Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Mang Shi, Jing Zhang, Muzammil Sayed Ahmed Elhaj Mohamed, Mahmud Hamed Abd Elaal Ahmed, Ihsaan Abdulwahab Azeez, Oum Keltoum Bensalah, Ziyada Swar Eldahab, Farida Ismail Al Hosani, Susan I Gerber, Aron J Hall, Suxiang Tong, Salama Suhail Al Muhairi
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was identified on the Arabian Peninsula in 2012 and is still causing cases and outbreaks in the Middle East. When MERS-CoV was first identified, the closest related virus was in bats; however, it has since been recognized that dromedary camels serve as a virus reservoir and potential source for human infections. A total of 376 camels were screened for MERS-Cov at a live animal market in the Eastern Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE. In all, 109 MERS-CoV-positive camels were detected in week 1, and a subset of positive camels were sampled again weeks 3 through 6...
November 8, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114185/medicinal-values-of-bioactive-constituents-of-camel-milk-a-concise-report
#14
EDITORIAL
Zafar Rasheed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114148/the-enzymes-and-electrolytes-profiles-in-hydatid-cyst-fluid-of-naturally-infected-iranian-domestic-ruminants
#15
Mohammad Yakhchali, Siamak Asri-Rezaie, Saeid Samimirad, Hadi Rezaie
Cystic echinoccoccosis is a zoonotic and prevalent disease which causes health problems and economic looses worldwide. The biochemical components of hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) have important role in metabolism and growth of unilocular hydatid cyst. The aim of the current study was to determine HCF level of enzymes and electrolytes profiles in naturally infected Iranian domestic ruminants. The livers and lungs infected with hydatid cysts were collected and HCF was aspirated from a total of 100 cysts obtained from livers (50 cysts) and lungs (50 cysts) of slaughtered domestic ruminants...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110898/successful-pregnancies-from-vitrified-embryos-in-the-dromedary-camel-avoidance-of-a-possible-toxic-effect-of-sucrose-on-embryos
#16
M Herrid, M Billah, J A Skidmore
Successful embryo cryopreservation facilitates the wider application of assisted reproduction technologies and also provides a useful method for gene banking of valuable genetics. Unfortunately attempts to establish an effective cryopreservation protocol for camelid embryos have been unsuccessful. In the current study, a modified vitrification protocol with three steps was investigated, whereby embryos were exposed to solutions containing increasing amounts of glycerol and ethylene glycol for fixed time periods...
October 26, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110870/evidence-of-ongoing-brucellosis-in-livestock-animals-in-north-west-libya
#17
Huda H Al-Griw, Elfurgani Salem Kraim, Milad E Farhat, Lorraine L Perrett, Adrian M Whatmore
Animal brucellosis is thought to be present in small ruminants, cattle, and camels in Libya, particularly in the west coastal strip. Before the system collapsed due to political unrest in 2011, prevalence of the disease did not exceed 0.2% in cattle, 0.1% in camels, 8.3% in sheep, and 14.8% in goats. The aim of this study was to highlight outbreaks of disease that took place during the 18-month period from November 2014 to April 2016. A total of 1612 serum samples, collected opportunistically from 29 herds in 12 different localities in the northwest region of Libya, were investigated for brucellosis...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109953/processing-challenges-and-opportunities-of-camel-dairy-products
#18
REVIEW
Tesfemariam Berhe, Eyassu Seifu, Richard Ipsen, Mohamed Y Kurtu, Egon Bech Hansen
A review on the challenges and opportunities of processing camel milk into dairy products is provided with an objective of exploring the challenges of processing and assessing the opportunities for developing functional products from camel milk. The gross composition of camel milk is similar to bovine milk. Nonetheless, the relative composition, distribution, and the molecular structure of the milk components are reported to be different. Consequently, manufacturing of camel dairy products such as cheese, yoghurt, or butter using the same technology as for dairy products from bovine milk can result in processing difficulties and products of inferior quality...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108440/cardiopreventive-effects-of-camel-milk-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-oxidative-stress-biochemical-and-histological-alterations-in-mice
#19
Houda Hamed, Manel Gargouri, Khaled Bellassoued, Zied Ghannoudi, Abdelfattah Elfeki, Ahmed Gargouri
The present study was designed to examine the preventive effects of camel milk (CM) against the toxic effects of acute exposure to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) on the heart tissue of mice. Administration of a single dose of CCl4 caused cardio toxicity as monitored by an increase in lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances), protein carbonyl level and antioxidant markers (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione and vitamin C) in the heart tissue. Moreover, CCl4 caused a distinguished rise of plasma aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, troponin I, and creatine kinase activities...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103387/genetic-characterization-of-echinococcus-granulosus-strains-isolated-from-humans-based-on-nad1-and-cox1-gene-analysis-in-isfahan-central-iran
#20
R Jafari, B Sanei, A Baradaran, A Spotin, B Bagherpour, H Yousofi Darani
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a medically important parasite-caused human disease. Humans may acquire the infection accidentally by ingestion of E. granulosus eggs. The parasite has a broad range of hosts and genotypes, which may affect its aetiological and biological characteristics. The present study aimed to determine the genetic characteristics of human isolates of E. granulosus in Isfahan, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 50 surgically removed hydatid cysts were collected from hospitalized patients in Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, over a period of 2 years (2015-2017)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
keyword
keyword
84623
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"