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Gabriella R Goshtigian, Brian T Swanson
BACKGROUND: Despite the multidirectional quality of human movement, common measurement procedures used in physical therapy examination are often uni-planar and lack the ability to assess functional complexities involved in daily activities. Currently, there is no widely accepted, validated standard to assess movement quality. The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) is one possible system to objectively assess complex functional movements. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the application of the SFMA as a guide to the examination, evaluation, and management of a patient with non-specific low back pain (LBP)...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
M Kruspe, H Thieme, O Guntinas-Lichius, A Irintchev
The rat femoral nerve is a valuable model allowing studies on specificity of motor axon regeneration. Despite common use of this model, the functional consequences of femoral nerve lesions and their relationship to precision of axonal regeneration have not been evaluated. Here we assessed gait recovery after femoral nerve injuries of varying severity in adult female Wistar rats using a video-based approach, single-frame motion analysis (SFMA). After nerve crush, recovery was complete at 4 weeks after injury (99% of maximum 100% as estimated by a recovery index)...
November 7, 2014: Neuroscience
Kathryn R Glaws, Christopher M Juneau, Lindsay C Becker, Stephanie L Di Stasi, Timothy E Hewett
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) is a clinical assessment system designed to identify musculoskeletal dysfunction by evaluation of fundamental movements for limitations or symptom provocation. The purpose of this study was to determine the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the ten fundamental movement patterns of the SFMA in a healthy population using the SFMA categorical and criterion checklist scoring tools. METHODS: 35 healthy subjects (22...
April 2014: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Michael F Iossi, Emmanuel K Konstantakos, Donovan D Teel, Richard J Sherwood, Richard T Laughlin, Michael J Coffey, Dana L Duren
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is an effective method for acute weight loss. While the impact of bariatric surgery on general medical conditions (e.g., type 2 diabetes) is well documented, few studies focus on physical functional outcomes following weight-loss induced by bariatric surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: We report on 50 women aged 20-74 scheduled for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedure who were enrolled for a prospective 1-year study. Height, weight, and waist circumference were recorded preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months, postoperatively...
June 2013: Obesity
Inge H F Reininga, Mostafa el Moumni, Sjoerd K Bulstra, Maurits G L Olthof, Klaus W Wendt, Martin Stevens
The purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the Dutch version of the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment questionnaire (SMFA-NL) and to investigate the internal consistency, validity, repeatability and responsiveness of the translated version. The original SMFA was first translated and culturally adapted from English into Dutch according to a standardised procedure and subsequently tested for clinimetric quality. The study population consisted of 162 patients treated for various musculoskeletal injuries or disorders at the departments of Orthopedics and Traumatology...
June 2012: Injury
Laurent Lemaitre, Philippe Puech, Edouard Poncelet, Sébastien Bouyé, Xavier Leroy, Jacques Biserte, Arnauld Villers
The purpose of the study was to relate morphometric features of prostate cancers in the anterior compartment of the prostate by dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI to subsequent histopathologic findings. We prospectively performed DCE-MRI before biopsy in patients with suspected prostate cancer and selected those showing both a suspicious lesion at MRI and positive biopsies in the anterior compartment of the gland. Tumor contours, margins, largest surface areas and volumes were assessed at MRI and histopathology, when available...
February 2009: European Radiology
Kenneth Egol, Michael Walsh, Katherine Rosenblatt, Edward Capla, Kenneth J Koval
BACKGROUND: This prospective study was done to evaluate functional outcomes after acute avulsion fractures of the fifth metatarsal base. METHODS: Fifty-two patients who sustained an avulsion fracture of the fifth metatarsal base and presented to the outpatient clinic of our hospital system were treated according to a standardized protocol. A total of 49 patients (50 fractures) were available for 1-year followup. There were eight men and 41 women with an average age of 41...
May 2007: Foot & Ankle International
Vanessa Rungapamestry, Alan J Duncan, Zoë Fuller, Brian Ratcliffe
The isothiocyanate, sulforaphane, has been implicated in the cancer-protective effects of brassica vegetables. When broccoli is consumed, sulforaphane is released from hydrolysis of glucoraphanin by plant myrosinase and/or colonic microbiota. The influence of meal composition and broccoli-cooking duration on isothiocyanate uptake was investigated in a designed experiment. Volunteers (n 12) were each offered a meal, with or without beef, together with 150 g lightly cooked broccoli (microwaved 2.0 min) or fully cooked broccoli (microwaved 5...
April 2007: British Journal of Nutrition
Amy M Wickman, Michael S Pinzur, Ruth Kadanoff, Dainius Juknelis
HYPOTHESIS: Rheumatoid arthritis is a common disabling form of arthritis that frequently affects the hands and feet. With time, the majority of affected individuals will become disabled. METHODS: Sixty-nine consecutively selected mild to moderately affected individuals with rheumatoid arthritis provided demographic data and agreed to complete the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SFMA) instrument. Focus group subjects selectively used minimally adaptive nonprescription footwear...
January 2004: Foot & Ankle International
M Neuner-Jehle, T A Rhyner, A A Borbély
The mRNA level of the 17-kDa protein neurogranin (NG), a postsynaptic substrate of the protein kinase C, has previously been found to be decreased in rat forebrain after 24-h sleep deprivation (SD). To investigate the functional significance of this finding in various forebrain regions, the effect of 24-h SD on the mRNA level and the protein level of NG was determined in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and the total of the remaining subcortical forebrain plus midbrain areas (SFMA) of rats. In these areas, high levels of both NG mRNA and NG protein were detected by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, respectively...
July 10, 1995: Brain Research
M Braquet, P Lavaud, D Dormont, R Garay, R Ducousso, J Guilbaud, M Chignard, P Borgeat, P Braquet
Anergy associated with an increase in suppressor helper T cell (Tc) ratio and a decrease in natural killer (NK) is one main cause of death following thermal injury (Tl). Recently, in vitro studies have shown that LTB4 can induce human Tc to exert suppressor cell activity, and incubation of lymphocytes with LTB4 for 24 hours significantly suppressed NK cell activity. Thus, we undertook an investigation of both AA metabolism and immunologic response in 20 patients who suffered 40-90% total body surface area (TBSA) burns...
May 1985: Prostaglandins
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