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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153675/sflt-1-and-soluble-endoglin-concentrations-in-serum-vs-plasma-in-preterm-preeclampsia-are-they-interchangeable-for-biomarker-studies
#1
Fiona Brownfoot, Tu'uhevaha Kaitu'u-Lino, Sally Beard, Stephen Tong, Natalie Hannan
Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sENG) are increased in the circulation of women with preeclampsia. We examined whether they differ in concentration between plasma and serum samples. Maternal blood was collected and processed for serum and plasma, from 28 women with preterm preeclampsia and 18 gestation matched controls (<34weeks). Significantly higher sFlt-1 was detected in preeclamptic serum compared to plasma. Significantly higher levels of sENG were identified in serum compared to plasma from control pregnancies...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150312/the-effect-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-preschoolers-fundamental-motor-skills-a-cluster-rct
#2
Niko S Wasenius, Kimberly P Grattan, Alysha L J Harvey, Patti-Jean Naylor, Gary S Goldfield, Kristi B Adamo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a physical activity intervention delivered in the childcare centres (CC), with or without a parent-driven home physical activity component, on children's fundamental motor skills (FMS). DESIGN: Six-month 3-arm cluster randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Preschoolers were recruited from 18 licensed CC. CC were randomly assigned to a typical curriculum comparison group (COM), childcare intervention alone (CC), or childcare intervention with parental component (CC+HOME)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140729/gene-expression-and-gene-associations-during-the-development-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-in-the-dahl-salt-sensitive-model-of-hypertension
#3
Jeffrey Yim, Hyokeun Cho, Simon W Rabkin
Gene expression and associations were examined in a model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a condition with minimal effective treatment. Genes with at least two studies showing significant changes in Dahl rat with heart failure were examined by meta-analysis. Significantly increased in expression were iNOS, p47phox, ADM, ANP, OPN, ACE, MCP-1, GP91PHOX, ICAM-1, TGF-β1, CTGF, ET-1, p22phox, ETB, BNP, ETA, MMP13, Col1a1, MMP2, TIMP1, Col3a1, Il-1β, β-MHC, ECE1, MMP14, AGT, and MMP9...
November 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139545/the-effect-of-ice-crystals-formations-on-the-flesh-quality-of-frozen-horse-mackerel-trachurus-japonicus
#4
Yao Wang, Riho Miyazaki, Shinobu Saitou, Katsuya Hirasaka, Satoshi Takeshita, Katsuyasu Tachibana, Shigeto Taniyama
It is known that the formation of ice crystals has a negative impact on the flesh quality of frozen meat. This study focuses on how the formation of ice crystals in the dorsal ordinary muscle affects the flesh quality of frozen horse mackerel (Trachurus japonicus). Freeze-thawed muscle specimens (F-TMS) of horse mackerel were first stored at -24°C and then thawed. The K-value, expressible water, breaking strength of unfrozen muscle specimens (UMS) and F-TMS, and histological structure (light microscope: LM, scanning electron microscope: SEM) of UMS, frozen muscle specimens (FMS) and F-TMS were investigated...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138037/genetic-predisposition-to-preeclampsia-is-conferred-by-fetal-dna-variants-near-flt1-a-gene-involved-in-the-regulation-of-angiogenesis
#5
Kathryn J Gray, Richa Saxena, S Ananth Karumanchi
Preeclampsia risk is influenced by both the mother's genetic background, as well as the genetics of her fetus; however, the specific genes responsible for conferring preeclampsia risk have largely remained elusive. Evidence that preeclampsia has a genetic predisposition was first detailed in the early 1960's, and overall preeclampsia heritability is estimated at ∼55%. Many traditional gene discovery approaches have been employed to investigate the specific genes that contribute to preeclampsia risk, but these have largely not been successful or reproducible...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131376/method-development-for-quantification-of-quizartinib-in-rat-plasma-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-pharmacokinetic-application
#6
Essam Ezzelddin, Muzaffar Iqbal, Gamal Mostafa, Khalid A Al-Rashood, Toqa El Nahhas
Quizartinib is a highly potent inhibitor of the fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor, which is one of the most commonly mutated genes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Quizartinib has shown a significant antileukemic clinical influence among relapsed/refractory acute AML patients. This study aimed at developing and validating an analytical method for the measurement of quizartinib in rat plasma using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The method was validated according to FDA guidelines, and the results obtained in this work met the set criteria...
November 13, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130724/probiotics-for-fibromyalgia-study-design-for-a-pilot-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Pablo Roman, Ángeles F Estévez, Nuria Sánchez-Labraca, Fernando Cañadas, Alonso Miras, Diana Cardona
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic, generalized and diffuse pain disorder accompanied by other symptoms such as emotional and cognitive deficits. The FMS patients show a high prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms. Recently it has been found that microbes in the gut may regulate brain processes through the gut-microbiota-brain axis, modulating thus affection, motivation and higher cognitive functions. Therefore, the use of probiotics might be a new treatment that could improve the physical, psychological and cognitive state in FMS; however, no evidence about this issue is available...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114527/effects-of-special-exercise-programs-on-functional-movement-screen-scores-and-injury-prevention-in-preprofessional-young-football-players
#8
Engin Dinc, Bekir Eray Kilinc, Muge Bulat, Yunus Turgay Erten, Bülent Bayraktar
To increase movement capacity and to reduce injury risk in young soccer players by implementing a special functional exercise program based on functional movement screen (FMS) and correctives. 67 young male athletes 14-19 years of age from a Super League Football Club Academy participated in the study. Functional movement patterns were evaluated with FMS assessment protocol. Deep squat, hurdle step, inline lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotatory stability were examined in FMS...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107425/novel-lck-fms-inhibitors-based-on-phenoxypyrimidine-scaffold-as-potential-treatment-for-inflammatory-disorders
#9
Ahmed Karam Farag, Ahmed Elkamhawy, Ashwini M Londhe, Kyung-Tae Lee, Ae Nim Pae, Eun Joo Roh
Tyrosine kinases including LCK and FMS are involved in inflammatory disorders as well as many types of cancer. Our team has designed and synthesized thirty novel pyrimidine based inhibitors targeting LCK, classified into four different series (amides, ureas, imines (Schiff base) and benzylamines). Twelve of them showed nanomolar IC50 values. Compound 7g showed excellent selectivity profile and was selectively potent over FMS kinase (IC50 value of 4.6 nM). Molecular docking study was performed to help us rationalize the obtained results and predict the possible binding mode for our compounds in both LCK and FMS...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103841/do-arthroscopic-fluid-pumps-display-true-surgical-site-pressure-during-hip-arthroscopy
#10
Jeremy A Ross, Jennifer D Marland, Brayden Payne, Daniel R Whiting, Hugh S West
PURPOSE: To report on the accuracy of 5 commercially available arthroscopic fluid pumps to measure fluid pressure at the surgical site during hip arthroscopy. METHODS: Patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement were block randomized to the use of 1 of 5 arthroscopic fluid pumps. A spinal needle inserted into the operative field was used to measure surgical site pressure. Displayed pump pressures and surgical site pressures were recorded at 30-second intervals for the duration of the case...
November 2, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099955/screening-for-adult-adhd-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#11
Roland van Rensburg, Helgard Pieter Meyer, Sonia Anne Hitchcock, Christian Edward Schuler
Objective: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common chronic pain disorder associated with altered activity of neurotransmitters involved in pain sensitivity such as dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline. FMS may significantly impact an individual's functioning due to the presence of chronic pain, fatigue, and cognitive impairment. Dyscognition may be more disabling than the chronic pain but is mostly under-recognized. This study aimed to assess the potential co-occurrence of FMS and adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder also associated with impaired cognition and dopaminergic function...
November 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098579/a-novel-fe-ii-ca-synergistic-phosphorus-removal-process-process-optimization-and-phosphorus-recovery
#12
Lin Qiu, Meng Zhang, Xiaoqing Yu, Ping Zheng
Phosphorus removal from wastewater is an important means to control eutrophication and to recover phosphorus from wastewater. In this study, a novel Fe(II)-Ca synergistic phosphorus removal process is developed using the complex of ferrous and calcium salts. The results showed that ferrous and calcium had an antagonistic effect at Fe(II)/Ca molar ratio of lower than 1:4, but a synergistic effect at Fe(II)/Ca molar ratio of higher than 1:4, with the strongest synergistic effect at Fe(II)/Ca molar ratio of 7:3...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096178/association-between-fine-motor-skills-and-binocular-visual-function-in-children-with-reading-difficulties
#13
Ewa Niechwiej-Szwedo, Fatimah Alramis, Lisa W Christian
Performance of fine motor skills (FMS) assessed by a clinical test battery has been associated with reading achievement in school-age children. However, the nature of this association remains to be established. The aim of this study was to assess FMS in children with reading difficulties using two experimental tasks, and to determine if performance is associated with reduced binocular function. We hypothesized that in comparison to an age- and sex-matched control group, children identified with reading difficulties will perform worse only on a motor task that has been shown to rely on binocular input...
October 27, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090521/single-cell-whole-exome-and-targeted-sequencing-in-npm1-flt3-positive-pediatric-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#14
Christiane Walter, Christian Pozzorini, Katarina Reinhardt, Robert Geffers, Zhenyu Xu, Dirk Reinhardt, Nils von Neuhoff, Helmut Hanenberg
BACKGROUND: The small portion of leukemic stem cells (LSCs) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) present in children and adolescents is often masked by the high background of AML blasts and normal hematopoietic cells. The aim of the current study was to establish a simple workflow for reliable genetic analysis of single LSC-enriched blasts from pediatric patients. PROCEDURE: For three AMLs with mutations in nucleophosmin 1 and/or fms-like tyrosine kinase 3, we performed whole genome amplification on sorted single-cell DNA followed by whole exome sequencing (WES)...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075761/corneal-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-are-directly-antiangiogenic-via-pedf-and-sflt-1
#15
Medi Eslani, Ilham Putra, Xiang Shen, Judy Hamouie, Neda Afsharkhamseh, Soroush Besharat, Mark I Rosenblatt, Reza Dana, Peiman Hematti, Ali R Djalilian
Purpose: To evaluate the angiogenic properties of corneal derived mesenchymal stromal cells (Co-MSC). Methods: Co-MSCs were extracted from human cadaver, and wild-type (C57BL/6J) and SERPINF1-/- mice corneas. The MSC secretome was collected in a serum-free medium. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) tube formation and fibrin gel bead assay (FIBA) sprout formation were used to assess the angiogenic properties of Co-MSC secretome. Complete corneal epithelial debridement was used to induce corneal neovascularization in wild-type mice...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074603/concurrent-inhibition-of-pim-and-flt3-kinases-enhances-apoptosis-of-flt3-itd-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells-through-increased-mcl-1-proteasomal-degradation
#16
Shivani Kapoor, Karthika Natarajan, Patrick R Baldwin, Kshama A Doshi, Rena G Lapidus, Trevor J Mathias, Mario Scarpa, Rossana Trotta, Eduardo Davila, Manfred Kraus, Dennis Huszar, Adriana E Tron, Danilo Perrotti, Maria R Baer
PURPOSE: fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) is present in 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and these patients have short disease-free survival. FLT3 inhibitors have limited and transient clinical activity, and concurrent treatment with inhibitors of parallel or downstream signaling may improve responses. The oncogenic serine/threonine kinase Pim-1 is upregulated downstream of FLT3-ITD and also promotes its signaling in a positive feedback loop, suggesting benefit of combined Pim and FLT3 inhibition...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071796/counting-on-fine-motor-skills-links-between-preschool-finger-dexterity-and-numerical-skills
#17
Ursula Fischer, Sebastian P Suggate, Judith Schmirl, Heidrun Stoeger
Finger counting is widely considered an important step in children's early mathematical development. Presumably, children's ability to move their fingers during early counting experiences to aid number representation depends in part on their early fine motor skills (FMS). Specifically, FMS should link to children's procedural counting skills through consistent repetition of finger-counting procedures. Accordingly, we hypothesized that (a) FMS are linked to early counting skills, and (b) greater FMS relate to conceptual counting knowledge (e...
October 26, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070697/overcoming-mutational-complexity-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-by-inhibition-of-critical-pathways
#18
Yoriko Saito, Yoshiki Mochizuki, Ikuko Ogahara, Takashi Watanabe, Leah Hogdal, Shinsuke Takagi, Kaori Sato, Akiko Kaneko, Hiroshi Kajita, Naoyuki Uchida, Takehiro Fukami, Leonard D Shultz, Shuichi Taniguchi, Osamu Ohara, Anthony G Letai, Fumihiko Ishikawa
Numerous variant alleles are associated with human acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the same variants are also found in individuals with no hematological disease, making their functional relevance obscure. Through NOD.Cg-Prkdc(scid)Il2rg(tmlWjl)/Sz (NSG) xenotransplantation, we functionally identified preleukemic and leukemic stem cell populations present in FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication-positive (FLT3-ITD)(+) AML patient samples. By single-cell DNA sequencing, we identified clonal structures and linked mutations with in vivo fates, distinguishing mutations permissive of nonmalignant multilineage hematopoiesis from leukemogenic mutations...
October 25, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067104/isolation-and-characterization-of-human-umbilical-cord-derived-endothelial-colony-forming-cells
#19
Hao Zhang, Yanling Tao, Saisai Ren, Haihui Liu, Hui Zhou, Jiangwei Hu, Yongyong Tang, Bin Zhang, Hu Chen
Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are a population of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) that display robust proliferative potential and vessel-forming capability. Previous studies have demonstrated that a limited number of ECFCs may be obtained from adult bone marrow, peripheral blood and umbilical cord (UC) blood. The present study describes an effective method for isolating ECFCs from human UC. The ECFCs derived from human UC displayed the full properties of EPCs. Analysis of the growth kinetics, cell cycle and colony-forming ability of the isolated human UC-ECFCs indicated that the cells demonstrated properties of stem cells, including relative stability and rapid proliferation in vitro...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064734/characteristics-of-general-movements-in-preterm-infants-assessed-by-computer-based-video-analysis
#20
Lars Adde, Hong Yang, Rannei Sæther, Alexander Refsum Jensenius, Espen Ihlen, Jia-Yan Cao, Ragnhild Støen
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence suggests that the variability of the spatial center of infant movements, calculated by computer-based video analysis software, can identify fidgety general movements (GMs) and predict cerebral palsy. AIM: To evaluate whether computer-based video analysis quantifies specific characteristics of normal fidgety movements as opposed to writhing general movements. METHODS: A longitudinal study design was applied. Twenty-seven low-to moderate-risk preterm infants (20 boys, 7 girls; mean gestational age 32 [SD 2...
October 24, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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