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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790168/periodontitis-and-placental-growth-factor-in-oral-fluids-are-early-pregnancy-predictors-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Alejandra Chaparro, Edgardo Zúñiga, Manuel Varas-Godoy, Daniela Albers, Valeria Ramírez, Marcela Hernández, Juan P Kusanovic, Stephanie Acuña-Gallardo, Gregory Rice, Sebastián E Illanes
BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) affects around 7-10% of all pregnancies. Early detection of predisposition to GDM is the first step in developing efficacious preventive treatment. The objective of the present study was to establish the utility of placental proteins presents in oral fluids (gingival crevicular fluid [GCF] and saliva), and periodontal disease status as early pregnancy predictors of GDM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nested case control within a prospective cohort was conducted...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787428/use-of-proteomic-and-hematology-biomarkers-for-prediction-of-hematopoietic-acute-radiation-syndrome-severity-in-baboon-radiation-models
#2
William F Blakely, David L Bolduc, Jeff Debad, George Sigal, Matthias Port, Michael Abend, Marco Valente, Michel Drouet, Francis Hérodin
Use of plasma proteomic and hematological biomarkers represents a promising approach to provide useful diagnostic information for assessment of the severity of hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome. Eighteen baboons were evaluated in a radiation model that underwent total-body and partial-body irradiations at doses of Co gamma rays from 2.5 to 15 Gy at dose rates of 6.25 cGy min and 32 cGy min. Hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome severity levels determined by an analysis of blood count changes measured up to 60 d after irradiation were used to gauge overall hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome severity classifications...
July 2018: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784639/tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-induced-defects-in-dna-repair-sensitize-flt3-itd-positive-leukemia-cells-to-parp1-inhibitors
#3
Silvia Maifrede, Margaret Nieborowska-Skorska, Katherine Sullivan, Yashodhara Dasgupta, Paulina Podszywalow-Bartnicka, Bac Viet Le, Martyna Solecka, Zhaorui Lian, Elizaveta A Belyaeva, Alina Nersesyan, Marcin M Machnicki, Monika Toma, Nicolas Chatain, Malgorzata Rydzanicz, Huaqing Zhao, Jaroslav Jelinek, Katarzyna Piwocka, Tomasz Sliwinski, Tomasz Stoklosa, Rafal Ploski, Thomas Fischer, Stephen M Sykes, Steffen Koschmieder, Lars Bullinger, Peter Valent, Mariusz Wasik, Jian Huang, Tomasz Skorski
Mutations in the FMS-like tyrosine-kinase 3 (FLT3) such as internal tandem duplications (ITD) can be found in up to 23% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and confer a poor prognosis. Current treatment options for FLT3(ITD)-positive AMLs include genotoxic therapy and FLT3 inhibitors (FLT3i), which are rarely curative. PARP1 inhibitors (PARP1i) have been successfully applied to induce synthetic lethality in tumors harboring BRCA1/2 mutations and displaying homologous recombination (HR) deficiency...
May 21, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777425/the-use-of-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-forensic-medicine-following-incidents-of-sexual-violence-in-hamburg-germany-a-retrospective-study
#4
Julia Ebert, Jan Peter Sperhake, Olaf Degen, Ann Sophie Schröder
In Hamburg, Germany, the initiation of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (HIV PEP) in cases of sexual violence is often carried out by forensic medical specialists (FMS) using the city's unique Hamburg Model. FMS-provided three-day HIV PEP starter packs include a combination of raltegravir and emtricitabine/tenofovir. This study aimed to investigate the practice of offering HIV PEP, reasons for discontinuing treatment, patient compliance, and whether or not potential perpetrators were tested for HIV. We conducted a retrospective study of forensic clinical examinations carried out by the Hamburg Department of Legal Medicine following incidents of sexual violence from 2009 to 2016...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775820/adoption-of-farm-management-systems-for-cross-compliance-an-empirical-case-in-germany
#5
Ulrike Knuth, T S Amjath-Babu, Andrea Knierim
In Germany, Farm Management Systems (FMS) have been introduced as a support to farmers' compliance with environmental and other regulations, aiming at the increase of farm level performance and sustainable farming practices. Different kinds of FMS were developed and promulgated with various approaches, determined by each federal state's agricultural advisory system. Knowledge on the FMS' uptake and effectiveness has been lacking so far. The overall aim of this paper is to provide an analysis of the implementation process and selected outcomes of the policy-driven instrumental innovation of FMS...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773106/-expression-and-purification-of-flt3-and-flt3-itd-mutated-proteins-in-hek293t-cells
#6
Fan Yang, Jiahui Du, Jie Wu, Puyu Yuan, Qian Su, Rong Han, Qiaocheng Qiu, Shengli Xue, Songbai Liu, Zhongwen Sun
Objective To construct the eukaryotic expression vectors of human fms related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene and FLT3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutants and purify the native proteins through immunoprecipitation from HEK293T cell lysates. Methods The cDNA fragments of FLT3wt and FLT3-ITD were amplified from bone marrow cells of healthy individuals and FLT3-ITD-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with specific primers, and the PCR products were cloned in CD530A-T2A-GFP expression vectors...
March 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767252/colony-stimulating-factor-1-and-colony-stimulating-factor-1-receptor-co-expression-is-associated-with-disease-progression-in-gastric-cancer
#7
Yoshinaga Okugawa, Yuji Toiyama, Takashi Ichikawa, Mikio Kawamura, Hiromi Yasuda, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Susumu Saigusa, Masaki Ohi, Toshimitsu Araki, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Inoue, Motoyoshi Tanaka, Chikao Miki, Masato Kusunoki
Colony‑stimulating‑factor‑1 (CSF‑1) is a hematopoietic growth factor that exerts its effects through the c‑fms/CSF‑1 receptor (CSF‑1R). The CSF‑1/CSF‑1R axis is thought to be involved in the development of several types of cancer. This study aimed to clarify the clinical and biological significance of the CSF‑1/CSF‑1R axis in gastric cancer (GC). For this purpose, we evaluated CSF‑1 and CSF‑1R expression in GC tissues from 148 patients by RT‑qPCR and immunohistochemistry. The biological roles of the CSF‑1/CSF‑1R axis were investigated by measuring the cell proliferation and migration, and anoikis resistance in a human GC cell line following treatment with recombinant human CSF‑1 and/or CSF‑1R inhibitor...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766829/acute-myeloid-leukemia-diagnosis-and-management-based-on-current-molecular-genetics-approach
#8
E Suguna, R Farhana, E Kanimozhi, P SaiKumar, G Kumaramanickavel, Chitralekha Sai Kumar
Background &Objective: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by accumulation of ?20% myeloid premature blast cells in the bone marrow and most often found in the peripheral blood. AML is generally classified based on two groups, namely, French-American-British (FAB) and World Health Organization (WHO) systems. For better clinical management, cytogenetic findings in AML are necessary and in patients with normal karyotypes, molecular analysis becomes critical. Mutations of certain genes like Nucleophosmin 1gene (NPM1), Fms-related Tyrosine Kinase 3 (FLT3), CCAAT/Enhancer Binding Protein Alpha (CEBPA), Runt-related transcription factor 1(RUNX1), and Mixed Lineage Leukemia (MLL) play a crucial role in the risk management and clinical stratification of AML patients...
May 15, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765700/study-of-the-measurement-and-predictive-validity-of-the-functional-movement-screen
#9
Fraser Philp, Dimitra Blana, Edward K Chadwick, Caroline Stewart, Claire Stapleton, Kim Major, Anand D Pandyan
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the reported measurement capabilities and predictive validity of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) for injury. Methods: This was a prospective observational longitudinal study of 24 male footballers from a single team in England, alongside analysis of an existing database over one season (September 2015-May 2016). A preseason FMS was carried out with scores recorded by an experienced assessor and derived, retrospectively, from the three-dimensional movement data that were simultaneously captured...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764982/superman-regulates-floral-whorl-boundaries-through-control-of-auxin-biosynthesis
#10
Yifeng Xu, Nathanaël Prunet, Eng-Seng Gan, Yanbin Wang, Darragh Stewart, Frank Wellmer, Jiangbo Huang, Nobutoshi Yamaguchi, Yoshitaka Tatsumi, Mikiko Kojima, Takatoshi Kiba, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Thomas P Jack, Elliot M Meyerowitz, Toshiro Ito
Proper floral patterning, including the number and position of floral organs in most plant species, is tightly controlled by the precise regulation of the persistence and size of floral meristems (FMs). In Arabidopsis , two known feedback pathways, one composed of WUSCHEL (WUS) and CLAVATA3 (CLV3) and the other composed of AGAMOUS (AG) and WUS, spatially and temporally control floral stem cells, respectively. However, mounting evidence suggests that other factors, including phytohormones, are also involved in floral meristem regulation...
May 15, 2018: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761101/fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-case-report-on-controlled-remission-of-symptoms-by-a-dietary-strategy
#11
Silvia Maria Lattanzio, Francesca Imbesi
A 34-year-old woman suffered from significant chronic pain, depression, non-restorative sleep, chronic fatigue, severe morning stiffness, leg cramps, irritable bowel syndrome, hypersensitivity to cold, concentration difficulties, and forgetfulness. Blood tests were negative for rheumatic disorders. The patient was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Due to the lack of effectiveness of pharmacological therapies in FMS, she approached a novel metabolic proposal for the symptomatic remission. Its core idea is supporting serotonin synthesis by allowing a proper absorption of tryptophan assumed with food, while avoiding, or at least minimizing the presence of interfering non-absorbed molecules, such as fructose and sorbitol...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757653/metabolism-of-an-oxime-linked-antibody-drug-conjugate-ags62p1-and-characterization-of-its-identified-metabolite
#12
Josh T Snyder, Maria-Christina Malinao, Julien Dugal-Tessier, John E Atkinson, Banmeet S Anand, Akihiro Okada, Brian A Mendelsohn
AGS62P1 is an antibody drug conjugate (ADC) composed of a human IgG1κ monoclonal antibody against FLT3 (FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3) with a p-acetyl phenylalanine (pAF) residue inserted at position 124 of each heavy chain linked to the proprietary microtubule disrupting agent AGL-0182-30 via an alkoxyamine linker that forms an oxime upon conjugation to the antibody. AGS62P1 is currently in Phase I human clinical trials for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). The identified primary metabolite of an oxime-linked ADC is presented for the first time...
May 14, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751129/selective-inhibition-of-src-family-kinases-by-su6656-increases-bone-mass-by-uncoupling-bone-formation-from-resorption-in-mice
#13
Cyril Thouverey, Serge Ferrari, Joseph Caverzasio
Mice deficient in the non-receptor tyrosine kinase Src exhibit high bone mass due to impaired bone resorption and increased bone formation. Although several Src family kinase inhibitors inhibit bone resorption in vivo, they display variable effects on bone formation. SU6656 is a selective Src family kinase inhibitor with weaker activity towards the non-receptor tyrosine kinase Abl and receptor tyrosine kinases which are required for appropriate osteoblast proliferation, differentiation and function. Therefore, we sought to determine whether SU6656 could increase bone mass by inhibiting bone resorption and by stimulating bone formation, and to explore its mechanisms of action...
May 8, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749110/metformin-for-the-prevention-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Erkan Kalafat, Yavuz Emre Sukur, Abdulkadir, Basky Thilaganathan, Asma Khalil
OBJECTIVES: Metformin has been reported to reduce the risk of preeclampsia. It is also known to influence soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) levels, which correlate significantly with the gestation of onset and severity of preeclampsia. The main aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether metformin use is associated with the incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). METHODS: MEDLINE (1947 - September 2017), Scopus (1970 - September 2017) and the Cochrane Library (since inception - September 2017) were searched for relevant citations in English language...
May 10, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748248/bromodomain-protein-brd4-is-increased-in-human-placentas-from-women-with-early-onset-preeclampsia
#15
Stella Liong, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
Preeclampsia affects 5% of all pregnancies and is a serious disorder of pregnancy, characterised by high maternal blood pressure, placental hypoxia, fluid retention (oedema) and proteinuria. Women with preeclampsia are associated with exaggerated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and anti-angiogenic factors such as soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFLT1). Studies in non-gestational tissues have described the bromodomain (BRD) and extraterminal family of proteins, in particular BRD4 to play a critical role in propagating inflammation and is currently a therapeutic target for treating cancer, lung inflammation and asthma...
June 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745218/functional-movement-screen-scores-in-a-group-of-division-ia-athletes
#16
Joshua M Miller, Kyle J Susa
BACKGROUND: To determine mean values of the Functional Movement Screen scores in Division IA collegiate athletes. METHODS: One hundred sixty-one Division I collegiate athletes were recruited to participate in the study. The Functional Movement Screen was performed during pre- participation screenings prior to the beginning of the season. All athletes performed all seven tests and clearing tests as part of their participation. All the athletes were injury free at the time of testing...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739273/angiogenic-dysregulation-in-pregnancy-related-hypertension-a-role-for-metformin
#17
Nerolen Soobryan, Saravanakumar Murugesan, Arunagiri Pandiyan, Jagidesa Moodley, Irene Mackraj
In the face of escalating maternal and fetal health threats, hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPDs) is one of the leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The range of HPDs include white-coat hypertension, chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, mild-to-moderate and severe preeclampsia and eclampsia. Current evidence implicates an imbalance of circulating anti- and angiogenic factors in HPDs emanating from the placental vasculature, impacting on angiogenesis. Delivery of the fetus is thus far the only curative measure, albeit with increased risk...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729452/cytokine-markers-of-b-lymphocytes-in-minor-salivary-gland-infiltrates-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Erika P Navarro-Mendoza, David Aguirre-Valencia, Iván Posso-Osorio, Shirley Vanessa Correa-Forero, Daniel-Felipe Torres-Cutiva, Diana Loaiza, Gabriel J Tobón
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterised by the clinical presence of sicca syndrome. SS compromises the dysfunction of exocrine glands due to the presence of focal, mononuclear cell infiltrates that surround the ducts and replace the secretory units. Abnormal expression of different cytokines and chemokines such as B-cell activating factor, CXC Motif Chemokine Ligand 13, interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-22, and FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand as well as that of their corresponding receptors has been implicated in the inflammatory process...
May 3, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723350/clinical-and-pathological-features-of-myeloid-leukemia-cutis
#19
Li Li, Yanan Wang, Christine Guo Lian, Nina Hu, Hongzhong Jin, Yuehua Liu
BACKGROUND: Myeloid leukemia cutis is the terminology used for cutaneous manifestations of myeloid leukemia. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to study the clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical features of myeloid leukemia cutis. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of clinical and pathological features of 10 patients with myeloid leukemia cutis. RESULTS: One patient developed skin lesions before the onset of leukemia, seven patients developed skin infiltration within 4-72 months after the onset of leukemia, and two patients developed skin lesions and systemic leukemia simultaneously...
March 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723223/characterization-of-postural-control-impairment-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#20
Núria Sempere-Rubio, Juan López-Pascual, Marta Aguilar-Rodríguez, Sara Cortés-Amador, Gemma Espí-López, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Pilar Serra-Añó
The main goal of this cross-sectional study was to detect whether women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) have altered postural control and to study the sensory contribution to postural control. We also explored the possibility that self-induced anxiety and lower limb strength may be related to postural control. For this purpose, 129 women within an age range of 40 to 70 years were enrolled. Eighty of the enrolled women had FMS. Postural control variables, such as Ellipse, Root mean square (RMS) and Sample entropy (SampEn), in both directions (i...
2018: PloS One
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