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Exercise and copd

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454345/associations-of-total-and-type-specific-physical-activity-with-mortality-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Zoe McKeough, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is recommended for all people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the dose of physical activity required to gain mortality benefit in this population is not yet known. This aim of this study was to examine the associations of total and type-specific physical activity with mortality risk in people with COPD. METHODS: People with COPD aged ≥40 years were identified from the 1997 Health Survey for England and the 1998 and 2003 Scottish Health Survey cohorts...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443739/effects-of-exercise-on-secretion-transport-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-noncystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Daniele Oliveira Dos Santos, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, José Antônio Baddini-Martinez, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Ada Clarice Gastaldi
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is characterized by pathological and irreversible bronchial dilatation caused by the inefficient mucus and microorganism clearance and progression of inflammatory processes. The most frequent characteristic is the increase in bronchial mucus production resulting in slower transport and damage to the mucociliary transport. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of exercise on mucus transport, inflammation, and resistance of the respiratory and autonomic nervous systems and subsequent effects on quality of life in patients with bronchiectasis who are enrolled in a pulmonary rehabilitation program...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439942/using-robots-at-home-to-support-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Elizabeth Broadbent, Jeff Garrett, Nicola Jepsen, Vickie Li Ogilvie, Ho Seok Ahn, Hayley Robinson, Kathryn Peri, Ngaire Kerse, Paul Rouse, Avinesh Pillai, Bruce MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Socially assistive robots are being developed for patients to help manage chronic health conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Adherence to medication and availability of rehabilitation are suboptimal in this patient group, which increases the risk of hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a robot delivering telehealth care to increase adherence to medication and home rehabilitation, improve quality of life, and reduce hospital readmission compared with a standard care control group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439648/effect-of-12-weeks-of-once-daily-tiotropium-olodaterol-on-exercise-endurance-during-constant-work-rate-cycling-and-endurance-shuttle-walking-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
François Maltais, Denis O'Donnell, Juan Bautista Gáldiz Iturri, Anne-Marie Kirsten, Dave Singh, Alan Hamilton, Kay Tetzlaff, Yihua Zhao, Richard Casaburi
BACKGROUND: The TORRACTO ® study evaluated the effects of tiotropium/olodaterol versus placebo on endurance time during constant work-rate cycling and constant speed shuttle walking in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after 12 weeks of treatment. METHODS: The effects of once-daily tiotropium/olodaterol (2.5/5 and 5/5 μg) on endurance time during constant work-rate cycle ergometry (CWRCE) after 6 and 12 weeks of treatment were compared with placebo in patients with COPD in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438808/effect-of-tiotropium-on-spontaneous-expiratory-flow-volume-curves-during-exercise-in-gold-1-2-copd
#5
Janos Porszasz, Nicolò Carraro, Robert Cao, Ashwani Gore, Shuyi Ma, Thomas Jiang, François Maltais, Gary T Ferguson, Denis E O'Donnell, Asif Shaikh, Harry B Rossiter, Richard Casaburi
This substudy of a large, randomized, controlled trial (NCT01072396) examined tiotropium (18 μg qd) effects on dynamic hyperinflation during constant work rate treadmill exercise. Areas-under-the-spontaneous expiratory flow-volume (SEFV)-curves were compared in 20 COPD patients and 16 age-matched untreated controls, using rectangular area ratio (RAR) between peak intrabreath and end-expiratory flow. Seven patients exhibited SEFV curve concavity with RAR ≤ 0.5 (RAR low ) in ≥1 test without tiotropium; (mean ± SD FEV 1 : 1...
February 10, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425213/a-study-on-nonlinear-estimation-of-submaximal-effort-tolerance-based-on-the-generalized-met-concept-and-the-6mwt-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#6
Jan Szczegielniak, Krzysztof J Latawiec, Jacek Łuniewski, Rafał Stanisławski, Katarzyna Bogacz, Marcin Krajczy, Marek Rydel
BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is considered to be a simple and inexpensive tool for the assessment of functional tolerance of submaximal effort. The aim of this work was 1) to background the nonlinear nature of the energy expenditure process due to physical activity, 2) to compare the results/scores of the submaximal treadmill exercise test and those of 6MWT in pulmonary patients and 3) to develop nonlinear mathematical models relating the two. METHODS: The study group included patients with the COPD...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423258/an-intervention-for-pulmonary-rehabilitators-to-develop-a-social-identity-for-patients-attending-exercise-rehabilitation-a-feasibility-and-pilot-randomised-control-trial-protocol
#7
Andrew R Levy, Bashir Matata, Sam Pilsworth, Adrian Mcgonigle, Lyndsey Wigelsworth, Linda Jones, Nicola Pott, Max Bettany, Adrian W Midgley
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a degenerative condition that can impair health-related quality of life (HRQoL). A number of self-management interventions, employing a variety of behavioural change techniques (BCTs), have been adopted to improve HRQoL for COPD patients. However, a lack of attention has been given to group management interventions with an emphasis on incorporating BCTs into rehabilitators' practice. This study aims to pilot and feasibly explore a social identity group management intervention, delivered by COPD rehabilitation staff to patients attending exercise pulmonary rehabilitation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413511/mechanisms-underlying-the-impact-of-exercise-training-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#8
REVIEW
Rita Nogueira-Ferreira, Daniel Moreira-Gonçalves, Mário Santos, Fábio Trindade, Rita Ferreira, Tiago Henriques-Coelho
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease characterized by progressive increases in pulmonary vascular resistance that can ultimately lead to right ventricle failure and death. Common symptoms include shortness of breath, fatigue, dizziness and chest pain, which negatively impact the functional capacity and quality of life. Despite the improvements in disease-targeted therapies, PAH remains incurable and with a high mortality rate, requiring effective therapeutic strategies. Exercise training is an important adjunct non-pharmacological treatment for patients with left heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
January 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411860/self-management-for-bronchiectasis
#9
REVIEW
Carol Kelly, Seamus Grundy, Dave Lynes, David Jw Evans, Sharada Gudur, Stephen J Milan, Sally Spencer
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a long term respiratory condition with an increasing rate of diagnosis. It is associated with persistent symptoms, repeated infective exacerbations, and reduced quality of life, imposing a burden on individuals and healthcare systems. The main aims of therapeutic management are to reduce exacerbations and improve quality of life. Self-management interventions are potentially important for empowering people with bronchiectasis to manage their condition more effectively and to seek care in a timely manner...
February 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396870/trajectories-of-change-in-cognitive-function-in-people-with-copd
#10
Soo Kyung Park
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to describe changes in cognitive function, as measured by the Trail Making Test; to identify distinct patterns of change in cognitive function; and to examine predictors of change in cognitive function in people with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). BACKGROUND: How cognitive function changes in people with COPD and what factors influence those changes over time is not well-known, despite the fact that it declines rapidly in this population and significantly impacts functional decline in healthy older adults...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391784/efficacy-of-supervised-maintenance-exercise-following-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-health-care-use-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Alex R Jenkins, Holly Gowler, Ffion Curtis, Neil S Holden, Christopher Bridle, Arwel W Jones
Introduction: The clinical benefit of continued supervised maintenance exercise programs following pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD remains unclear. This systematic review aimed to synthesize the available evidence on the efficacy of supervised maintenance exercise programs compared to usual care following pulmonary rehabilitation completion on health care use and mortality. Methods: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and PEDro) and trial registers (ClinicalTrials...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386893/independent-determinants-of-disease-related-quality-of-life-in-copd-scope-for-nonpharmacologic-interventions
#12
Sarah B Brien, Beth Stuart, Andrew P Dickens, Tony Kendrick, Rachel E Jordan, Paymane Adab, Mike Thomas
Purpose: Quality-of-life (QoL) scores in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a weak relationship with physiologic impairment. We investigated factors associated with poor QoL, focusing on psychological measures potentially amenable to intervention. Patients and methods: We utilized a pre-existing Birmingham (UK) COPD cohort to assess factors associated with QoL impairment (COPD Assessment Test [CAT] scores). Univariate and multivariate regression models were constructed from three categories of variables: demographic, lung function/COPD-related symptoms, and psychosocial/behavioral factors...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386889/relationship-between-exercise-endurance-and-static-hyperinflation-in-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-two-clinical-trials-in-patients-with-copd
#13
Sally Singh, François Maltais, Lee Tombs, William A Fahy, Mitra Vahdati-Bolouri, Nicholas Locantore, John H Riley
Background: Lung hyperinflation and exercise intolerance are hallmarks of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, their relationship remains uncertain. A combined analysis of two placebo-controlled, randomized studies examined the effects of the long-acting muscarinic antagonist umeclidinium (UMEC) and long-acting β2-agonist vilanterol (VI) separately and in combination on static hyperinflation, exercise endurance time (EET), and their relationship in patients with COPD...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382565/excess-ventilation-in-copd-implications-for-dyspnoea-and-tolerance-to-interval-exercise
#14
Daniela M Bravo, Ana Cristina Gimenes, Beatriz C Amorim, Maria Clara Alencar, Danilo Berton, Denis E O'Donnell, Luiz E Nery, J Alberto Neder
Interval exercise delays critical mechanical-ventilatory constraints with positive consequences on dyspnea and exercise tolerance in COPD. We hypothesized that those advantages of interval exercise would be partially off-set in patients showing excessive ventilation (V̇E) to metabolic demand (V̇CO2). Sixteen men (FEV1 = 42.3 ± 8.9%) performed, on different days, 30 s and 60 s bouts at 100% peak (on) interspersed by moderate exercise at 40% (off). Nine patients did not sustain exercise for 30 min irrespective of on duration...
January 27, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379282/religious-coping-and-religiosity-in-patients-with-copd-following-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#15
Guilherme Pf da Silva, Francisco Ab Nascimento, Tereza Pm Macêdo, Maria T Morano, Rafael Mesquita, Eanes Db Pereira
Background: Religious coping (RC) is defined as the use of behavioral and cognitive techniques in stressful life events in a multidimensional construct with positive and negative effects on outcomes, while religiosity is considered a use of individual beliefs, values, practices, and rituals related to faith. There is no evidence for the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in RC and religiosity in patients with COPD. The aims of this study were 1) to compare RC and religiosity in patients with COPD following PR and 2) to investigate associations between changes in RC, religiosity and exercise capacity, quality of life (QoL), anxiety, depression, and dyspnea...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373977/association-of-thrombocytosis-with-copd-morbidity-the-spiromics-and-copdgene-cohorts
#16
Ashraf Fawzy, Nirupama Putcha, Laura M Paulin, Carrie P Aaron, Wassim W Labaki, MeiLan K Han, Robert A Wise, Richard E Kanner, Russell P Bowler, R Graham Barr, Nadia N Hansel
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytosis has been associated with COPD prevalence and increased all-cause mortality in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD); but whether it is associated with morbidity in stable COPD is unknown. This study aims to determine the association of thrombocytosis with COPD morbidity including reported AECOPD, respiratory symptoms and exercise capacity. METHODS: Participants with COPD were included from two multi-center observational studies (SPIROMICS and COPDGene)...
January 26, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371382/inspiratory-muscle-training-does-not-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-3-week-copd-rehabilitation-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Konrad Schultz, Danijel Jelusic, Michael Wittmann, Benjamin Krämer, Veronika Huber, Sebastian Fuchs, Nicola Lehbert, Silke Wingart, Dragan Stojanovic, Oliver Göhl, Harma J Alma, Corina de Jong, Thys van der Molen, Hermann Faller, Michael Schuler
The value of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unclear. The RIMTCORE (Routine Inspiratory Muscle Training within COPD Rehabilitation) randomised controlled trial examined the effectiveness of IMT added to pulmonary rehabilitation.In total, 611 COPD patients (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage II-IV) received a 3-week inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation, of which 602 patients were included in the intention-to-treat analyses...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371037/predictors-of-change-in-the-ankle-brachial-index-with-exercise
#18
Khalid M Alqahtani, Munveer Bhangoo, Florin Vaida, Julie O Denenberg, Matthew A Allison, Michael H Criqui
OBJECTIVE: A 20% or greater decrease in the ankle brachial index (ABI) with exercise is suggestive of peripheral artery disease (PAD), and could identify patients with an increased mortality risk. The predictors of a change in the ABI with exercise have received little attention. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis. Two hundred and sixty five participants of the San Diego Population Study with a resting ABI between 0.90 and 1.10 performed 50 heel raises and immediately had their ABIs measured again...
January 20, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370850/reporting-of-pain-by-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-comparative-results-from-the-hunt3-population-based-survey
#19
Randi Andenæs, Astrid Momyr, Idunn Brekke
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often associated with chronic pain, but pain in COPD remains poorly understood, particularly in comparison to pain in other groups. We compared the pain reported by people with COPD with that reported by arthritis, heart disease, diabetes, and those not reporting any disease, while adjusting for the effects of selected sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, comorbidities, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from a population-based health survey in Norway (HUNT3; n = 50,807), we included participants with COPD (n = 1199), participants without COPD, but with arthritis (n = 8582), heart disease (n = 4109), or diabetes (n = 1254), and participants without any disease (n = 18,811)...
January 25, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368604/long-acting-bronchodilators-improve-exercise-capacity-in-copd-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Fabiano Di Marco, Giovanni Sotgiu, Pierachille Santus, Denis E O'Donnell, Kai-Michael Beeh, Simone Dore, Maria Adelaide Roggi, Lisa Giuliani, Francesco Blasi, Stefano Centanni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Respiratory Research
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