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Alternate day fasting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353020/ultrasound-improves-antimicrobial-effect-of-sodium-dichloroisocyanurate-to-reduce-salmonella-typhimurium-on-purple-cabbage
#1
Ana Lúcia Almeida Duarte, Denes Kaic Alves do Rosário, Syllas Borburema Silva Oliveira, Hygor Lendell Silva de Souza, Raquel Vieira de Carvalho, Joel Camilo Souza Carneiro, Pollyanna Ibrahim Silva, Patrícia Campos Bernardes
The consumer's interest in ready-to-eat, fast-ready, nutritious and fresh foods is a major challenge for the food industry. Thus, studies on new sanitization methods are relevant. The effect of Sodium Hypochlorite (SH), Benzalkonium Chloride (BC), and Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate (SD) isolated or combined with Ultrasound (US) in purple cabbage quality over 7 days of storage at 8 ± 1 °C was evaluated. The natural microbiota (mesophilic aerobic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria and coliforms), intentionally inoculated Salmonella Typhimurium, physicochemical quality (anthocyanins, pH, total titratable acidity, instrumental color and mass loss) and sensorial quality (multiple comparison test and visual sensory acceptance) were analyzed...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321466/an-instrument-free-detection-of-antioxidant-activity-using-paper-based-analytical-devices-coated-with-nanoceria
#2
Thirada Piyanan, Anan Athipornchai, Charles S Henry, Yupaporn Sameenoi
This work reports a portable distance-based detection paper device that has a thermometer-like shape for rapid, instrument-free determination of antioxidant activity using a nanoceria assay. The assay is based on partial reduction of cerium ion from Ce4+ to Ce3+ on nanoceria deposited along the detection channel by antioxidants present in food, giving highly reactive oxidation products. Either these products or the parent antioxidant compounds could then bind to the OH-rich ceria nanoparticles and generate charge transfer ceria-antioxidant complexes resulting in a yellow to brown color change...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313753/compared-to-an-oatmeal-breakfast-two-eggs-day-increased-plasma-carotenoids-and-choline-without-increasing-trimethyl-amine-n-oxide-concentrations
#3
Amanda Missimer, Maria Luz Fernandez, Diana M DiMarco, Gregory H Norris, Christopher N Blesso, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Marcela Vergara-Jimenez, Bruno S Lemos, Isabel Medina-Vera, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill
BACKGROUND: Habitual consumption of eggs has been hypothesized to positively modify biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk through proposed antioxidant properties. OBJECTIVES: To examine this relationship, 50 young, healthy men and women were enrolled into a randomized crossover clinical intervention. METHODS: Participants consumed either 2 eggs per day or one packet of oatmeal a day for 4 weeks, followed by a 3-week wash-out and crossed over to the alternate breakfast...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299757/benign-tumors-of-the-pancreas-radical-surgery-versus-parenchyma-sparing-local-resection-the-challenge-facing-surgeons
#4
EDITORIAL
Hans G Beger
Pancreaticoduodenectomy and left-sided pancreatectomy are the surgical treatment standards for tumors of the pancreas. Surgeons, who are requested to treat patients with benign tumors, using standard oncological resections, face the challenge of sacrificing pancreatic and extra-pancreatic tissue. Tumor enucleation, pancreatic middle segment resection and local, duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resections are surgical procedures increasingly used as alternative treatment modalities compared to classical pancreatic resections...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276795/effect-of-alternate-day-fasting-on-markers-of-bone-metabolism-an-exploratory-analysis-of-a-6-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Adrienne Barnosky, Cynthia M Kroeger, John F Trepanowski, Monica C Klempel, Surabhi Bhutani, Kristin K Hoddy, Kelsey Gabel, Sue A Shapses, Krista A Varady
BACKGROUND: Alternate day fasting (ADF) is a novel diet therapy that reduces body weight, but its effect on bone health remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of ADF versus traditional daily calorie restriction (CR) on markers of bone metabolism in a 6-month randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Overweight and obese subjects (n = 100) were randomized to 1 of 3 groups for 6 months: 1) ADF (25% energy intake fast day, alternated with 125% intake feast day; 2) CR (75% intake every day); or 3) control (usual intake every day)...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition and Healthy Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258678/effects-of-alternate-day-fasting-or-daily-calorie-restriction-on-body-composition-fat-distribution-and-circulating-adipokines-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
John F Trepanowski, Cynthia M Kroeger, Adrienne Barnosky, Monica Klempel, Surabhi Bhutani, Kristin K Hoddy, Jennifer Rood, Eric Ravussin, Krista A Varady
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Indirect comparisons suggest that alternate-day fasting (ADF) may produce greater improvements in body composition, fat distribution, and/or the adipokine profile compared to daily calorie restriction (CR), but this has not been tested directly. In a pre-planned secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial, we compared changes in the VAT:SAT ratio, FFM:total mass ratio, and the adipokine profile between ADF and CR. METHODS: Overweight and obese participants (n = 100) were randomized to 1) ADF (alternating every 24-h between consuming 25% or 125% of energy needs); 2) CR (consuming 75% of needs every day); or 3) control (consuming 100% of needs every day) for 24 wk...
December 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248657/comprehensive-cardiac-ct-with-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-versus-functional-testing-in-suspected-coronary-artery-disease-the-multicenter-randomized-crescent-ii-trial
#7
Marisa Lubbers, Adriaan Coenen, Marcel Kofflard, Tobias Bruning, Bas Kietselaer, Tjebbe Galema, Marc Kock, Andre Niezen, Marco Das, Marco van Gent, Ewout-Jan van den Bos, Leon van Woerkens, Paul Musters, Suze Kooij, Fay Nous, Ricardo Budde, Miriam Hunink, Koen Nieman
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and safety of a tiered, comprehensive cardiac computed tomography (CT) protocol in comparison with functional testing. BACKGROUND: Although CT angiography accurately rules out coronary artery disease (CAD), incorporation of CT myocardial perfusion imaging as part of a tiered diagnostic approach could improve the clinical value and efficiency of cardiac CT in the diagnostic work-up of patients with angina pectoris...
December 8, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244743/hematological-and-hemodynamic-responses-to-acute-and-short-term-creatine-nitrate-supplementation
#8
Ryan L Dalton, Ryan J Sowinski, Tyler J Grubic, Patrick B Collins, Adriana M Coletta, Aimee G Reyes, Brittany Sanchez, Majid Koozehchian, Yanghoon P Jung, Christopher Rasmussen, Mike Greenwood, Peter S Murano, Conrad P Earnest, Richard B Kreider
In a double-blind, crossover, randomized and placebo-controlled trial; 28 men and women ingested a placebo (PLA), 3 g of creatine nitrate (CNL), and 6 g of creatine nitrate (CNH) for 6 days. Participants repeated the experiment with the alternate supplements after a 7-day washout. Hemodynamic responses to a postural challenge, fasting blood samples, and bench press, leg press, and cycling time trial performance and recovery were assessed. Data were analyzed by univariate, multivariate, and repeated measures general linear models (GLM)...
December 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229419/capillary-electrophoresis-as-a-fast-and-efficient-alternative-for-the-analysis-of-urceola-rosea-leaf-extracts
#9
Vera Gufler, Hieu Nguyen Ngoc, Hermann Stuppner, Markus Ganzera
Urceola rosea, a plant whose leaves are used as food and for medical purposes, is a climbing liana found in many south-east Asian countries. Main polar compounds are flavonoids (kaempferol and quercetin glycosides) and phenolic acids. As an alternative to the established HPLC method their analysis by capillary electrophoresis is described for the first time. It was possible in <8min with a 25mM sodium tetraborate decahydrate solution with pH8.5, at a capillary temperature of 40°C and an applied voltage of 25kV...
December 8, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211720/blazar-spectral-variability-as-explained-by-a-twisted-inhomogeneous-jet
#10
C M Raiteri, M Villata, J A Acosta-Pulido, I Agudo, A A Arkharov, R Bachev, G V Baida, E Benítez, G A Borman, W Boschin, V Bozhilov, M S Butuzova, P Calcidese, M I Carnerero, D Carosati, C Casadio, N Castro-Segura, W-P Chen, G Damljanovic, F D'Ammando, A Di Paola, J Echevarría, N V Efimova, Sh A Ehgamberdiev, C Espinosa, A Fuentes, A Giunta, J L Gómez, T S Grishina, M A Gurwell, D Hiriart, H Jermak, B Jordan, S G Jorstad, M Joshi, E N Kopatskaya, K Kuratov, O M Kurtanidze, S O Kurtanidze, A Lähteenmäki, V M Larionov, E G Larionova, L V Larionova, C Lázaro, C S Lin, M P Malmrose, A P Marscher, K Matsumoto, B McBreen, R Michel, B Mihov, M Minev, D O Mirzaqulov, A A Mokrushina, S N Molina, J W Moody, D A Morozova, S V Nazarov, M G Nikolashvili, J M Ohlert, D N Okhmat, E Ovcharov, F Pinna, T A Polakis, C Protasio, T Pursimo, F J Redondo-Lorenzo, N Rizzi, G Rodriguez-Coira, K Sadakane, A C Sadun, M R Samal, S S Savchenko, E Semkov, B A Skiff, L Slavcheva-Mihova, P S Smith, I A Steele, A Strigachev, J Tammi, C Thum, M Tornikoski, Yu V Troitskaya, I S Troitsky, A A Vasilyev, O Vince
Blazars are active galactic nuclei, which are powerful sources of radiation whose central engine is located in the core of the host galaxy. Blazar emission is dominated by non-thermal radiation from a jet that moves relativistically towards us, and therefore undergoes Doppler beaming. This beaming causes flux enhancement and contraction of the variability timescales, so that most blazars appear as luminous sources characterized by noticeable and fast changes in brightness at all frequencies. The mechanism that produces this unpredictable variability is under debate, but proposed mechanisms include injection, acceleration and cooling of particles, with possible intervention of shock waves or turbulence...
December 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186618/semi-automatized-segmentation-method-using-image-based-flow-cytometry-to-study-sperm-physiology-the-case-of-capacitation-induced-tyrosine-phosphorylation
#11
Arturo Matamoros-Volante, Ayelen Moreno-Irusta, Paulina Torres-Rodriguez, Laura Giojalas, María G Gervasi, Pablo E Visconti, Claudia L Treviño
STUDY QUESTION: Is image-based flow cytometry a useful tool to study intracellular events in human sperm such as protein tyrosine phosphorylation or signaling processes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Image-based flow cytometry is a powerful tool to study intracellular events in a relevant number of sperm cells, which enables a robust statistical analysis providing spatial resolution in terms of the specific subcellular localization of the labeling. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Sperm capacitation is required for fertilization...
November 25, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186530/stability-of-synthetic-piperazines-in-human-whole-blood
#12
Timothy Lau, Raquel LeBlanc, Sabra Botch-Jones
While circumventing legislative controls, synthetic piperazines are encountered as "legal" alternatives to ecstasy. Unforeseeable challenges may delay quantitative analysis of these compounds in biological fluids. Enzymatic reactions, matrix interferences and limited knowledge of analyte stability further complicate interpretation of calculated concentrations. The objective of this study was to investigate the stability of synthetic piperazines in human blood under various storage conditions over time. All samples were prepared by spiking certified reference standards (Cayman Chemical, MI, U...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182752/the-quest-for-welfare-friendly-feeding-of-broiler-breeders-effects-of-daily-vs-5-2-feed-restriction-schedules
#13
C Lindholm, A Johansson, A Middelkoop, J J Lees, N Yngwe, E Berndtson, G Cooper, J Altimiras
Restricted feeding of broiler breeders is required for improved long-term health and welfare. Because feeding frustration and hunger are major welfare concerns during rearing, many suggestions have been made to decrease the negative feelings of hunger while maintaining suitable growth rates and reproductive health. Non-daily ("skip-a-day") feeding schedules are commonly used around the world to increase portion sizes at meal times while restricting intake but these practices are prohibited in many countries due to welfare concerns on fasting days...
November 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155123/baseline-factors-associated-with-better-response-to-insulin-lispro-low-mixture-or-insulin-glargine-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-durable-study
#14
Nan Jia, Zbigniew Kindracki, Angel Rodriguez
AIMS: To identify baseline characteristics associated with better efficacy and safety responses to twice-daily insulin lispro low mixture (LM) or once-daily insulin glargine (IG) in insulin-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This post hoc analysis of the DURABLE study used the gradient-boosting method to generate hypothetical outcomes with the alternative treatment to assigned study drug to evaluate the potential additional benefit of one insulin over the other in association with influential baseline covariates in the same patient...
November 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154060/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-combination-of-red-yeast-rice-and-olive-extract-in-hypercholesterolemic-patients-with-and-without-statin-associated-myalgia
#15
Christian Tshongo Muhindo, Sylvie A Ahn, Michel F Rousseau, Yvan Dierckxsens, Michel P Hermans
Cholesfytol®, a lipid-lowering dietary supplement with antioxidant and anti-atherosclerotic properties, combines red yeast rice (RYR) and olive extract (5mg hydroxytyrosol equivalent) and represents an alternative for patients who do not wish or are unable to use chemical statins, including individuals with previous statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS). A 2-months observational non-randomized study was performed to evaluate the efficacy, tolerance and safety of Cholesfytol® (1 tablet/day) in 642 hypercholesterolemic patients (mean age: 59 yrs; total cholesterol (TC) ≥200; LDL-C ≥140mg/dl)...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151130/layered-pegda-hydrogel-for-islet-of-langerhans-encapsulation-and-improvement-of-vascularization
#16
Giulia Marchioli, Lisa Zellner, Catarina Oliveira, Marten Engelse, Eelco de Koning, Joao Mano, Karperien, Aart van Apeldoorn, Lorenzo Moroni
Islets of Langerhans need to maintain their round morphology and to be fast revascularized after transplantation to preserve functional insulin secretion in response to glucose stimulation. For this purpose, a non-cell-adhesive environment is preferable for their embedding. Conversely, nutrient and oxygen supply to islets is guaranteed by capillary ingrowth within the construct and this can only be achieved in a matrix that provides adhesion cues for cells. In this study, two different approaches are explored, which are both based on a layered architecture, in order to combine these two opposite requirements...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135651/comparison-of-the-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-single-dose-tenofovir-vaginal-film-and-gel-formulation-fame-05
#17
Jennifer A Robinson, Mark A Marzinke, Edward J Fuchs, Rahul P Bakshi, Hans M L Spiegel, Jenell S Coleman, Lisa C Rohan, Craig W Hendrix
OBJECTIVE: While pre-exposure prophylaxis with oral tenofovir (TFV) disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine reduces HIV acquisition rates, poor adherence to and acceptability of daily vaginal gels has led to development of vaginal film formulations to improve adherence and, potentially, enable episodic use. STUDY DESIGN: In this two-arm, cross-over study of a fast-dissolving tenofovir film (40 mg) compared to a previously studied semisolid tenofovir 1% gel (40 mg), 10 healthy women received a single vaginal dose of each study product...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131024/evaluation-of-anastomotic-leak-after-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-typical-time-point-of-occurrence-mode-of-diagnosis-value-of-routine-radiocontrast-agent-studies-and-therapeutic-options
#18
Benjamin Struecker, Andreas Andreou, Sascha Chopra, Ann-Christin Heilmann, Johanna Spenke, Christian Denecke, Igor Maximilian Sauer, Marcus Bahra, Johann Pratschke, Matthias Biebl
BACKGROUND: Data on the typical time point of occurrence of anastomotic leak (AL) after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer are currently scarce. Therefore, the usefulness of routine radiocontrast agent studies (RRCS) for testing proper healing of the anastomosis after esophagectomy remains unclear. Furthermore, preferred available tools to diagnose postoperative AL and therapeutic options are still under debate. METHODS: We present a retrospective analysis of 328 consecutive patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer between 2005 and 2015...
November 7, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114802/sample-size-matters-when-drawing-conclusions-on-alternate-day-fasting-diet-reply
#19
John F Trepanowski, Eric Ravussin, Krista A Varady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114794/sample-size-matters-when-drawing-conclusions-on-alternate-day-fasting-diet
#20
Paola Portillo-Sanchez, Camilo Gonzalez-Velazquez, Leonardo Mancillas-Adame
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
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