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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531969/biogeographical-factors-affecting-the-distribution-of-stream-salamanders-on-the-cumberland-plateau-usa
#1
P R Gould, K K Cecala, S S Drukker, B A McKenzie, C Van de Ven
Geophysical and climate conditions play an important role in the distribution of organisms at both fine and broad scales. Headwater streams integrate changes at broad geographical scales and serve as important regions of nutrient processing and support high biodiversity. Stream salamanders are important members of headwater aquatic communities as both predators and prey. Combined with their biphasic life histories and physiological requirements, stream amphibians may serve as indicators for headwater stream conditions...
May 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530116/autism-and-attachment-difficulties-overlap-of-symptoms-implications-and-innovative-solutions
#2
Rebecca McKenzie, Rudi Dallos
This article explores overlap of symptoms between autism and attachment difficulties and suggests innovative solutions based on formulation. Currently, clinicians express difficulties in differentiating between these conditions contributing to misdiagnosis. Research into the prevalence of attachment difficulties among children with autism often fails to reflect detailed knowledge of attachment theory. Consequently, studies in this area employ questionable modifications to attachment measures and methods of analysis...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528126/emotional-intelligence-increases-over-time-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-pre-registration-nursing-students
#3
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Heather McKenzie, Murray Fisher, Emily Harkness, Desirée Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with positive outcomes for nursing students. Higher EI is associated with personal wellbeing and stress management, higher academic performance, stronger nursing leadership and practice performance, and greater patient safety. While there is an increasing body of evidence on nursing students' EI, there is minimal evidence on EI over time during pre-registration programs. OBJECTIVES: To measure EI in pre-registration nursing students from program commencement to conclusion to ascertain EI over time and examine the relationship between EI and academic performance...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514508/methadone-for-neuropathic-pain-in-adults
#4
REVIEW
Ewan D McNicol, McKenzie C Ferguson, Roman Schumann
BACKGROUND: This review replaces an earlier review, "Methadone for chronic non-cancer pain in adults". This review serves to update the original and includes only studies of neuropathic pain. Methadone belongs to a class of analgesics known as opioids, that are considered the cornerstone of therapy for moderate-to-severe postsurgical pain and pain due to life-threatening illnesses; however, their use in neuropathic pain is controversial. Methadone has many characteristics that differentiate it from other opioids, which suggests that it may have a different efficacy and safety profile...
May 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513592/ifn-%C3%AE-increases-susceptibility-to-influenza-a-infection-through-suppression-of-group-ii-innate-lymphoid-cells
#5
D Califano, Y Furuya, S Roberts, D Avram, A N J McKenzie, D W Metzger
Increased levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) are routinely observed in the respiratory tract following influenza virus infection, yet its potential role remains unclear. We now demonstrate that influenza-induced IFN-γ restricts protective innate lymphoid cell group II (ILC2) function in the lung following challenge with the pandemic H1N1 A/CA/04/2009 (CA04) influenza virus. Specifically, IFN-γ deficiency resulted in enhanced ILC2 activity, characterized by increased production of interleukin (IL)-5 and amphiregulin, and improved tissue integrity, yet no change in ILC2 numbers, viral load or clearance...
May 17, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507724/deep-learning-and-3d-desi-imaging-reveal-the-hidden-metabolic-heterogeneity-of-cancer
#6
Paolo Inglese, James S McKenzie, Anna Mroz, James Kinross, Kirill Veselkov, Elaine Holmes, Zoltan Takats, Jeremy K Nicholson, Robert C Glen
Visual inspection of tumour tissues does not reveal the complex metabolic changes that differentiate cancer and its sub-types from healthy tissues. Mass spectrometry imaging, which quantifies the underlying chemistry, represents a powerful tool for the molecular exploration of tumour tissues. A 3-dimensional topological description of the chemical properties of the tumour permits the formulation of hypotheses about the biological composition and interactions and the possible causes of its heterogeneous structure...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506542/coronary-sinus-isoflurane-concentration-in-cardiac-surgery
#7
Ka Ting Ng, R Peter Alston, George Just, Chris McKenzie
OBJECTIVE: Volatile anesthetic agents such as isoflurane may be associated with fewer adverse myocardial events compared with total intravenous anesthesia in cardiac surgery. The authors aimed to determine whether reasonable isoflurane concentrations at tissue level were being achieved to protect the myocardium using this agent. The isoflurane concentration in myocardium has never been measured. The primary aim was to sample coronary sinus (CS) blood and measure its isoflurane concentration...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501717/assisting-asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-global-forced-displacement-five%C3%A2-clinical-cases
#8
Katherine C McKenzie, Arielle Thomas
According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, over 65 million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2015. Many physicians express an interest in human rights and a desire to assist this group of refugees and asylum seekers. Physicians are able to use their unique skills by performing medical forensic evaluations of individuals seeking asylum. Some asylum seekers have psychological or physical scars or functional abnormalities relating to injuries or ill-treatment they experience due to persecution...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499036/potential-of-a-northern-population-of-aedes-vexans-diptera-culicidae-to-transmit-zika-virus
#9
Kyle L O'Donnell, Mckenzie A Bixby, Kelsey J Morin, David S Bradley, Jefferson A Vaughan
Zika virus is an emerging arbovirus of humans in the western hemisphere. With its potential spread into new geographical areas, it is important to define the vector competence of native mosquito species. We tested the vector competency of Aedes vexans (Meigen) from the Lake Agassiz Plain of northwestern Minnesota and northeastern North Dakota. Aedes aegypti (L.) was used as a positive control for comparison. Mosquitoes were fed blood containing Zika virus and 2 wk later were tested for viral infection and dissemination...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498854/single-trait-and-multi-trait-genome-wide-association-analyses-identify-novel-loci-for-blood-pressure-in-african-ancestry-populations
#10
Jingjing Liang, Thu H Le, Digna R Velez Edwards, Bamidele O Tayo, Kyle J Gaulton, Jennifer A Smith, Yingchang Lu, Richard A Jensen, Guanjie Chen, Lisa R Yanek, Karen Schwander, Salman M Tajuddin, Tamar Sofer, Wonji Kim, James Kayima, Colin A McKenzie, Ervin Fox, Michael A Nalls, J Hunter Young, Yan V Sun, Jacqueline M Lane, Sylvia Cechova, Jie Zhou, Hua Tang, Myriam Fornage, Solomon K Musani, Heming Wang, Juyoung Lee, Adebowale Adeyemo, Albert W Dreisbach, Terrence Forrester, Pei-Lun Chu, Anne Cappola, Michele K Evans, Alanna C Morrison, Lisa W Martin, Kerri L Wiggins, Qin Hui, Wei Zhao, Rebecca D Jackson, Erin B Ware, Jessica D Faul, Alex P Reiner, Michael Bray, Joshua C Denny, Thomas H Mosley, Walter Palmas, Xiuqing Guo, George J Papanicolaou, Alan D Penman, Joseph F Polak, Kenneth Rice, Ken D Taylor, Eric Boerwinkle, Erwin P Bottinger, Kiang Liu, Neil Risch, Steven C Hunt, Charles Kooperberg, Alan B Zonderman, Cathy C Laurie, Diane M Becker, Jianwen Cai, Ruth J F Loos, Bruce M Psaty, David R Weir, Sharon L R Kardia, Donna K Arnett, Sungho Won, Todd L Edwards, Susan Redline, Richard S Cooper, D C Rao, Jerome I Rotter, Charles Rotimi, Daniel Levy, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiaofeng Zhu, Nora Franceschini
Hypertension is a leading cause of global disease, mortality, and disability. While individuals of African descent suffer a disproportionate burden of hypertension and its complications, they have been underrepresented in genetic studies. To identify novel susceptibility loci for blood pressure and hypertension in people of African ancestry, we performed both single and multiple-trait genome-wide association analyses. We analyzed 21 genome-wide association studies comprised of 31,968 individuals of African ancestry, and validated our results with additional 54,395 individuals from multi-ethnic studies...
May 12, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497406/assessing-the-gap-in-female-authorship-in-the-journal-emergency-radiology-trends-over-a-20-year-period
#11
Kristopher McKenzie, Milita Ramonas, Michael Patlas, Douglas S Katz
PURPOSE: To examine trends in female authorship in the journal Emergency Radiology from January 1994 to December 2014. METHODS: We obtained institutional review board approval for our study. We retrospectively reviewed a total of 1617 articles published in the journal Emergency Radiology over a 20-year period. Original articles, case reports, review articles, and pictorial essays were included. The first and last position author's gender was categorized as female or male...
May 12, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496219/the-flipped-classroom-for-pre-clinical-dental-skills-teaching-a-reflective-commentary
#12
A J Crothers, J Bagg, R McKenzie
A Flipped Classroom method for teaching of adult practical pre-clinical dental skills was introduced to the BDS curriculum in Glasgow during the 2015/2016 academic session. This report provides a commentary of the first year of employing this method - from the identification of the need to optimise teaching resources, through the planning, implementation and development of the method, with an early indication of performance.
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491340/the-financial-impact-of-advanced-kidney-disease-on-canada-pension-plan-and-private-disability-insurance-costs
#13
Braden Manns, Susan Q McKenzie, Flora Au, Pamela M Gignac, Lawrence Ian Geller
BACKGROUND: Many working-age individuals with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are unable to work, or are only able to work at a reduced capacity and/or with a reduction in time at work, and receive disability payments, either from the Canadian government or from private insurers, but the magnitude of those payments is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate Canada Pension Plan Disability Benefit and private disability insurance benefits paid to Canadians with advanced kidney failure, and how feasible improvements in prevention, identification, and early treatment of CKD and increased use of kidney transplantation might mitigate those costs...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491334/increasing-the-rate-of-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-ontario-donor-and-recipient-identified-barriers-and-solutions
#14
Leah E Getchell, Susan Q McKenzie, Jessica M Sontrop, Jade S Hayward, Megan K McCallum, Amit X Garg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To hear from living kidney donors and recipients about what they perceive are the barriers to living donor kidney transplantation, and how patients can develop and lead innovative solutions to increase the rate and enhance the experiences of living donor kidney transplantation in Ontario. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: A one-day patient-led workshop on March 10th, 2016 in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS: Participants who were previously engaged in priority-setting exercises were invited to the meeting by patient lead, Sue McKenzie...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491172/acquired-uterine-arteriovenous-fistula-following-dilatation-and-curettage-an-uncommon-cause-of-vaginal-bleeding
#15
Adam Evans, Roland E Gazaille, Richard McKenzie, Meghan Musser, Robert Lemming, Jarrod Curry, William Meyers, Nicholas Austin
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a common presentation of women in the emergency department. We describe the case of a 33-year-old female who presented with intermittent spotting due to an acquired uterine AVF. The patient underwent a transvaginal pelvic ultrasound as well as a CT angiogram. The patient was treated conservatively and elected to undergo uterine artery embolization in an effort to preserve fertility. She successfully delivered a healthy baby boy at 39-week gestation via an emergent caesarian section due to a prolapsed umbilical cord 17 months after undergoing the uterine artery embolization...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490426/health-care-needs-and-use-of-health-care-services-among-newly-arrived-syrian-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Anna Oda, Andrew Tuck, Branka Agic, Michaela Hynie, Brenda Roche, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Canada welcomed 33 723 Syrian refugees between November 2015 and November 2016. This paper reports the results of a rapid assessment of health care needs and use of health care services among newly arrived Syrian refugees in Toronto. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Toronto among Syrian refugees aged 18 years or more who had been in Canada for 12 months or less. Participants were recruited initially through distribution of flyers in hotels and through direct referrals and communication with community and settlement agency partners, and then through snowball sampling...
May 3, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483654/validity-of-robot-based-assessments-of-upper-extremity-function
#17
Alison McKenzie, Lucy Dodakian, Jill See, Vu Le, Erin Burke Quinlan, Claire Bridgford, Daniel Head, Vy L Han, Steven C Cramer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of 5 robot-based assessments of arm motor function post-stroke. DESIGN: Cross sectional. SETTING: Outpatient clinical research center. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 40 participants, age >18 years, 3-6 months post-stroke, with arm motor deficits that had plateaued. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical standards included the Fugl-Meyer Arm Motor Scale (FMA), and 5 secondary motor outcomes: hand/wrist subsection of the FMA; Action Research Arm Test (ART); Box & Blocks test (B/B); hand subscale of Stroke Impact Scale-2 (SIS); and the Barthel Index (BI)...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482746/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-combined-with-protein-ingestion-preserves-thigh-muscle-mass-but-not-muscle-function-in-healthy-older-adults-during-5-days-of-bed-rest
#18
Paul Reidy, Alec McKenzie, Preston Brunker, Daniel Nelson, Katherine Barrows, Mark Supiano, Paul LaStayo, Micah Drummond
Short-term bed rest in older adults is characterized by significant loss in leg lean mass and strength posing significant health consequences. The purpose of this study was to determine in healthy older adults if the daily combination of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and protein supplementation (NMES+PRO) would protect muscle mass and function after 5-days of bed rest. Twenty healthy older adults (~70y) were subjected to 5-days of continuous bed rest and were randomized into one of two groups: NMES+PRO (n=10) or CON (n=10)...
May 8, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480602/nursing-students-death-anxiety-and-fear-towards-dementia-patients
#19
Ellen L McKenzie, Patricia M Brown
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between death anxiety (DA) and fear towards patients according to the age and illness of the patient. METHODS: A sample of 94 undergraduate nursing students from an Australian university were presented with a hypothetical patient, who varied by age (29 years or 71 years) and illness (arthritis, cancer or dementia). They then completed measures of DA and fear towards the patient. RESULTS: Older patients with dementia were associated with higher DA compared to all other conditions...
May 8, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478871/emerging-needs-of-people-living-with-hiv-receiving-community-based-nursing-in-an-australian-setting
#20
Elizabeth A Crock, Charne Miller, Rosemary McKenzie, Nalla Burk, Judith Frecker, John E Hall, Oscar Morata Ramirez
While the lifespan of people living with HIV (PLWH) in Australia has increased, a minority still experience poor health outcomes and have complex needs. Few studies address this group's emerging needs. Our study, a component of a larger evaluation, aimed to identify current and projected needs of PLWH receiving HIV community nursing. We undertook a cross-sectional survey to identify clients' support needs and explore their future concerns. There were 120 of 140 PLWH who met our eligibility criteria to participate in the survey; 86 responded...
April 4, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
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