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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431458/reclaiming-our-spirits-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-health-promotion-intervention-for-indigenous-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Colleen Varcoe, Annette J Browne, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Madeleine Dion Stout, Holly McKenzie, Roberta Price, Victoria Bungay, Victoria Smye, Jane Inyallie, Linda Day, Koushambhi Khan, Angela Heino, Marilyn Merritt-Gray
Indigenous women are subjected to high rates of multiple forms of violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV), in the context of ongoing colonization and neo-colonization. Health promotion interventions for women who experience violence have not been tailored specifically for Indigenous women. Reclaiming Our Spirits (ROS) is a health promotion intervention designed for Indigenous women living in an urban context in Canada. In this paper, we describe the development of the intervention, results of a pilot study, and the revised subsequent intervention...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430970/helicobacter-pylori-outer-membrane-vesicles-inhibit-human-t-cell-responses-via-induction-of-monocyte-cox-2-expression
#2
Barry D Hock, Judith L McKenzie, Jacqueline I Keenan
The modulation of T cell responses by Helicobacter pylori is thought to potentiate both H. pylori persistence and development of gastric pathologies including cancer. Release of outer membrane vesicles (OMV) by H. pylori provides a potential vehicle for modulation of the immune system. Although OMV are thought to have T cell suppressive activity this has not yet been demonstrated. Their suppressive activity was investigated in this study using the responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to T cell stimuli as a readout...
April 18, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428843/rad-sequencing-reveals-genomewide-divergence-between-independent-invasions-of-the-european-green-crab-carcinus-maenas-in-the-northwest-atlantic
#3
Nicholas W Jeffery, Claudio DiBacco, Mallory Van Wyngaarden, Lorraine C Hamilton, Ryan R E Stanley, Renée Bernier, Jennifer FitzGerald, K Matheson, C H McKenzie, Praveen Nadukkalam Ravindran, Robert Beiko, Ian R Bradbury
Genomic studies of invasive species can reveal both invasive pathways and functional differences underpinning patterns of colonization success. The European green crab (Carcinus maenas) was initially introduced to eastern North America nearly 200 years ago where it expanded northwards to eastern Nova Scotia. A subsequent invasion to Nova Scotia from a northern European source allowed further range expansion, providing a unique opportunity to study the invasion genomics of a species with multiple invasions...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425562/couples-with-intimate-partner-violence-seeking-relationship-help-associations-and-implications-for-self-help-and-online-interventions
#4
McKenzie K Roddy, Emily J Georgia, Brian D Doss
In-person conjoint treatments for relationship distress are effective at increasing relationship satisfaction, and newly developed online programs are showing promising results. However, couples reporting even low levels intimate partner violence (IPV) are traditionally excluded from these interventions. To improve the availability of couple-based treatment for couples with IPV, the present study sought to determine whether associations with IPV found in community samples generalized to couples seeking help for their relationship and whether web-based interventions for relationship distressed worked equally well for couples with IPV...
April 20, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422893/do-concussive-symptoms-really-resolve-in-young-children
#5
Coco O Bernard, Jennie L Ponsford, Audrey McKinlay, Dean McKenzie, David Krieser
OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency and nature of postconcussive symptoms (PCSs) and behavioral outcomes in young children following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or concussion. SETTING: Emergency department. PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 2 to 12 years presenting with either a concussion or minor bodily injury (control). OUTCOME MEASUREMENT: Parent ratings of PCS were obtained within 72 hours of injury, at 1 week, and 1, 2, and 3 months postinjury using a comprehensive PCS checklist...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422769/visual-outcomes-and-local-control-after-fractionated-stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-optic-nerve-sheath-meningioma
#6
Sarah Nicole Hamilton, Alan Nichol, Pauline Truong, Michael McKenzie, Fred Hsu, Arthur Cheung, Peter Dolman, Ermias Gete, Roy Ma
PURPOSE: To review the outcomes of patients with optic nerve sheath meningiomas (ONSM) treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. METHODS: Patient characteristics, treatment, and outcomes were analyzed for all patients with primary and secondary ONSM treated from 2001 to 2012. Clinically significant visual acuity change was defined as a 2-line change on the Snellen eye chart from pre-fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. RESULTS: Forty-one patients were treated: 23 patients with primary ONSM and 18 patients with secondary ONSM...
April 18, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422559/the-influence-of-ambulatory-aid-on-lower-extremity-muscle-activation-during-gait
#7
Michael Sanders, Anton E Bowden, Spencer Baker, Ryan Jensen, McKenzie Nichols
CONTEXT: Foot and ankle injuries are common, and often require a non-weight bearing period of immobilization for the involved leg. This non-weight bearing period usually results in muscle atrophy for the involved leg. There is a dearth of objective data describing muscle activation for different ambulatory aids that are used during the aforementioned non-weight bearing period. OBJECTIVE: To compare activation amplitudes for four leg muscles during (1) able-bodied gait and (2) ambulation involving three different ambulatory aids that can be used during the acute phase of foot and ankle injury care...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421185/changes-in-composition-of-the-gut-bacterial-microbiome-after-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-a-pediatric-heart-transplant-patient
#8
Kyle L Flannigan, Taylor Rajbar, Andrew Moffat, Leanna S McKenzie, Frank Dicke, Kevin Rioux, Matthew L Workentine, Thomas J Louie, Simon A Hirota, Steven C Greenway
The microbiome is increasingly recognized as an important influence on human health and many of the comorbidities that affect patients after solid organ transplantation (SOT) have been shown to involve changes in gut bacterial populations. Thus, microbiome changes in an individual patient may have important health implications after SOT but this area remains understudied. We describe changes in the composition of the fecal microbiome from a pediatric heart transplant recipient before and >2.5 years after he underwent repeated fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420753/the-kinase-tpl2-activates-erk-and-p38-signaling-to-promote-neutrophilic-inflammation
#9
Kate Senger, Victoria C Pham, Eugene Varfolomeev, Jason A Hackney, Cesar A Corzo, Jenna Collier, Vivian W C Lau, Zhiyu Huang, Kajal Hamidzhadeh, Patrick Caplazi, Ivan Peng, A Francesca Setiadi, Ross Francis, Andres Paler-Martinez, Youngsu C Kwon, Vladimir Ramirez-Carrozzi, Yonglian Sun, Patricia W Grigg, Merone Roose-Girma, Surinder Jeet, Kai H Barck, Anna Pham, Naruhisa Ota, Connie Ha, Jeremy Stinson, Joseph Guillory, Lucinda Tam, Zora Modrusan, Claire Emson, Brent S McKenzie, Michael J Townsend, Richard A D Carano, Søren Warming, Domagoj Vucic, Jason DeVoss, Wyne P Lee, Jennie R Lill, Ali A Zarrin
Tumor progression locus 2 (TPL2; also known as MAP3K8) is a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase kinase (MAP3K) that phosphorylates the MAPK kinases MEK1 and MEK2 (MEK1/2), which, in turn, activate the MAPKs extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (ERK1) and ERK2 (ERK1/2) in macrophages stimulated through the interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R), Toll-like receptors (TLRs), or the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR). We describe a conserved and critical role for TPL2 in mediating the effector functions of neutrophils through the activation of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway...
April 18, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420692/an-improved-assembly-and-annotation-of-the-allohexaploid-wheat-genome-identifies-complete-families-of-agronomic-genes-and-provides-genomic-evidence-for-chromosomal-translocations
#10
Bernardo J Clavijo, Luca Venturini, Christian Schudoma, Gonzalo Garcia Accinelli, Gemy Kaithakottil, Jonathan Wright, Philippa Borrill, George Kettleborough, Darren Heavens, Helen Chapman, James Lipscombe, Tom Barker, Fu-Hao Lu, Neil McKenzie, Dina Raats, Ricardo H Ramirez-Gonzalez, Aurore Coince, Ned Peel, Lawrence Percival-Alwyn, Owen Duncan, Josua Trösch, Guotai Yu, Dan M Bolser, Guy Namaati, Arnaud Kerhornou, Manuel Spannagl, Heidrun Gundlach, Georg Haberer, Robert P Davey, Christine Fosker, Federica Di Palma, Andrew Phillips, A Harvey Millar, Paul J Kersey, Cristobal Uauy, Ksenia V Krasileva, David Swarbreck, Michael W Bevan, Matthew D Clark
Advances in genome sequencing and assembly technologies are generating many high-quality genome sequences, but assemblies of large, repeat-rich polyploid genomes, such as that of bread wheat, remain fragmented and incomplete. We have generated a new wheat whole-genome shotgun sequence assembly using a combination of optimized data types and an assembly algorithm designed to deal with large and complex genomes. The new assembly represents >78% of the genome with a scaffold N50 of 88.8 kb that has a high fidelity to the input data...
April 18, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420282/exploring-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-sleep-disturbance-following-acquired-brain-injury
#11
Sylvia Nguyen, Dean McKenzie, Adam McKay, Dana Wong, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Gershon Spitz, Gavin Williams, Darren Mansfield, Jennie Ponsford
PURPOSE: To identify predictors of treatment response to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for sleep disturbance following acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was conducted on individual patient data from two pilot randomized controlled trials (RCTs): one in traumatic brain injury (TBI), the other in stroke. The combined sample comprised 32 participants; 15 receiving CBT and 17 allocated to treatment as usual (TAU)...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419960/preferentially-enhancing-anti-cancer-isothiocyanates-over-glucosinolates-in-broccoli-sprouts-how-nacl-and-salicylic-acid-affect-their-formation
#12
Azadeh Esfandiari, Ali Saei, Marian J McKenzie, Adam J Matich, Mesbah Babalar, Donald A Hunter
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) sprouts contain glucosinolates (GLs) that when hydrolysed yield health promoting isothiocyanates such as sulforaphane (SF). SF content can be increased by salt (NaCl) stress, although high salt concentrations negatively impact plant growth. Salicylic acid (SA) treatments can attenuate the negative effects of salt on growth. To test whether sprout isothiocyanate content could be elevated without sprout growth being compromised, broccoli seed were germinated and grown for seven days in salt (0, 80 and 160 mM) alone and in combination with 100 μM SA...
April 7, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418531/solutions-not-problems-a-new-era-in-after-hours-care
#13
David Dunt, Rosemary McKenzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414020/modifying-alcohol-consumption-to-reduce-obesity-macro-development-and-feasibility-trial-of-a-complex-community-based-intervention-for-men
#14
Iain K Crombie, Kathryn B Cunningham, Linda Irvine, Brian Williams, Falko F Sniehotta, John Norrie, Ambrose Melson, Claire Jones, Andrew Briggs, Peter M Rice, Marcus Achison, Andrew McKenzie, Elena Dimova, Peter W Slane
BACKGROUND: Obese men who consume alcohol are at a greatly increased risk of liver disease; those who drink > 14 units of alcohol per week have a 19-fold increased risk of dying from liver disease. OBJECTIVES: To develop an intervention to reduce alcohol consumption in obese men and to assess the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to investigate its effectiveness. DESIGN OF THE INTERVENTION: The intervention was developed using formative research, public involvement and behaviour change theory...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407748/the-role-of-ethnicity-in-pathways-to-emergency-psychiatric-services-for-clients-with-psychosis
#15
Martin Rotenberg, Andrew Tuck, Rachel Ptashny, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the role of ethnicity in pathways to emergency mental health care in Toronto for clients with psychosis, while taking into account neighborhood factors. Previous literature has focused on Afro-Caribbean clients, reporting an increased risk of accessing mental health care through negative pathways. METHODS: A retrospective chart review for clients from 6 different ethnic origin groups presenting with psychosis - East Asian, South Asian, Black African, Black Caribbean, White European, and White North American - was undertaken in a psychiatric emergency department (ED)...
April 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406345/not-your-typical-alcohol-accord-the-long-term-impact-of-a-voluntary-liquor-agreement-in-a-small-australian-town
#16
Richard Midford, John McKenzie, Rachel Mayhead
BACKGROUND: The town of Norseman introduced a Voluntary Liquor Agreement (voluntary restrictions on alcohol sales) in 2008, to reduce problematic drinking. This study examined its long-term impact. METHODS: Quantitative data on alcohol (cask wine, fortified wine, spirits) wholesale sales, hospital emergency visits and alcohol related offenses were compared from before to after the introduction of the restrictions. Qualitative interview data were collected from 10 key informants and from focus groups with Indigenous residents...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401773/psychometric-properties-of-the-ndetei-othieno-kathuku-nok-scale-a-mental-health-assessment-tool-for-an-african-setting
#17
Christy A Denckla, David M Ndetei, Victoria N Mutiso, Christine W Musyimi, Abednego M Musau, Eric S Nandoya, Kelly K Anderson, Snezana Milanovic, David Henderson, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that psychiatric conditions in children and adolescents are highly debilitating, with sparse resources for assessment and treatment in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability, validity, and latent factor structure of an ethnographically-grounded assessment instrument for detecting common mental health complaints among rural Kenyan children and adolescents. METHODS: The Ndetei-Othieno-Kathuku Scale (NOK) was delivered to 2 282 children aged 10 to 18 years old...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401134/preconsult-interactive-computer-assisted-client-assessment-survey-for-common-mental-disorders-in-a-community-health-centre-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Farah Ahmad, Wendy Lou, Yogendra Shakya, Liane Ginsburg, Peggy T Ng, Meb Rashid, Serban Dinca-Panaitescu, Cliff Ledwos, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Access disparities for mental health care exist for vulnerable ethnocultural and immigrant groups. Community health centres that serve these groups could be supported further by interactive, computer-based, self-assessments. METHODS: An interactive computer-assisted client assessment survey (iCCAS) tool was developed for preconsult assessment of common mental disorders (using the Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9], Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item [GAD-7] scale, Primary Care Post-traumatic Stress Disorder [PTSD-PC] screen and CAGE [concern/cut-down, anger, guilt and eye-opener] questionnaire), with point-of-care reports...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399295/relatively-small-quantities-of-co2-ammonium-bicarbonate-and-a-blend-of-e-2-hexenal-plus-e-2-octenal-attract-bed-bugs-hemiptera-cimicidae
#19
John F Anderson, Francis J Ferrandino, Michael P Vasil, Robert H Bedoukian, Marie Maher, Karen Mckenzie
Bed bugs, Cimex lectularius L., feed on humans, have increased exponentially in the past two decades in many major cities throughout the world, have caused intense infestations, and have become a significant health concern. Improved traps are needed to detect early infestations, to assess control programs, and for control of bed bugs. Carbon dioxide released alone or simultaneously with other attractants into three types of traps at the relatively low rate of 1 ml/min caught significantly more bed bugs than untreated controls in a 183- by 183-cm arena...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398544/beliefs-about-a-complementary-and-alternative-therapy-based-chronic-pain-management-program-for-a-medicaid-population
#20
Elizabeth Donovan, Megan L Ranney, Emily J Patry, Michelle McKenzie, Janette Baird, Traci C Green
Objective.:  Rhode Island Medicaid offers high emergency department utilizers the opportunity to take part in the Chronic Pain Program, an integrated treatment approach that includes free complementary therapies (massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture). The aim of the current analysis was to understand beliefs about the Rhode Island Chronic Pain Program from the perspective of the patient receiving services, the provider delivering services, and the administrator implementing the program...
April 8, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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