Read by QxMD icon Read


Julia Ausserer, Elizabeth Moritz, Matthias Stroehle, Hermann Brugger, Giacomo Strapazzon, Simon Rauch, Peter Mair
INTRODUCTION: In remote and mountainous areas, helicopter emergency medical systems (HEMS) are used to expedite evacuation and provide pre-hospital advanced trauma life support (ATLS) in major trauma victims. Aim of the study was to investigate feasibility of ATLS in HEMS mountain rescue missions and its influence on patient condition at hospital admission. PATIENTS: 58 major trauma victims (Injury Severity Score ≥16), evacuated by physician staffed HEMS from remote and mountainous areas in the State of Tyrol, Austria between 1...
September 8, 2016: Injury
A M K Harmsen, G F Giannakopoulos, M Terra, E S M de Lange de Klerk, F W Bloemers
PURPOSE: Many changes have been made to improve trauma care. Improved trauma team response and usage of a hybrid resuscitation room are examples of how this trauma center has developed. The aim was to assess how the outcome of the trauma population was influenced by the maturation. METHODS: A cohort comparison, between June 2004-July 2005 and 2014, was performed. All adult trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) >15 were included. Variables collected were: patient demographics, mechanism of trauma, total prehospital time, pre- and inhospital trauma scores, vital signs, blood values and interventions, and physician staffed helicopter emergency medical services (P-HEMS) involvement and outcome...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Vania Tavares, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Bertrand Yersin, Patrick Taffé, Bernard Burnand, Valérie Pittet
BACKGROUND: The use of out-of-hospital emergency medical services by old and very old individuals is increasing. These patients frequently require complex evaluation and decision-making processes to determine a strategy of care, therapeutic choices or withdrawal of care in life-threatening situations. During out-of-hospital missions, thorough decision-making is difficult because of the limited amount of time and lack of direct access to medical charts or to pre-existing advance directives...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Kyoungwon Jung, Yo Huh, John Cj Lee, Younghwan Kim, Jonghwan Moon, Seok Hwa Youn, Jiyoung Kim, Tea Youn Kim, Juryang Kim, Hyoju Kim
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of domestic physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) for the transport of patients with severe trauma to a hospital. The study included patients with blunt trauma who were transported to our hospital by physician-staffed HEMS (Group P; n = 100) or nonphysician-staffed HEMS (Group NP; n = 80). Basic patient characteristics, transport time, treatment procedures, and medical treatment outcomes assessed using the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) were compared between groups...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Terhi Kauppila, Janne Virta, Leena Lindgren, Ilkka Virkkunen, Antti Kämäräinen
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use among emergency patients has been studied earlier, but the data regarding alcohol use especially among critically ill and injured patients treated in the prehospital setting is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of alcohol use and the characteristics of cases attended by a physician staffed mobile intensive care unit (MICU). FINDINGS: During a 2 month period, exhaled air alcohol concentration-measured as a part of routine patient examination in all adolescent and adult patients treated by the MICU-was recorded...
2016: SpringerPlus
Alan A Garner, Anna Lee, Andrew Weatherall, Mary Langcake, Zsolt J Balogh
BACKGROUND: Severely injured children may have better outcomes when transported directly to a Paediatric Trauma Centre (PTC). A case identification system using the crew of a physician staffed helicopter emergency medical service (P-HEMS) that identified severely injured children for P-HEMS dispatch was previously associated with high rates of direct transfer. It was theorised that discontinuation of this system may have resulted in deterioration of system performance. METHODS: Severe paediatric trauma cases were identified from a state based trauma registry over two time periods...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Yaakov Dickstein, Ran Nir-Paz, Celine Pulcini, Barry Cookson, Bojana Beović, Evelina Tacconelli, Dilip Nathwani, Rossitza Vatcheva-Dobrevska, Jesus Rodríguez-Baño, Markus Hell, Henri Saenz, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the current status of infectious diseases (ID), clinical microbiology (CM) and infection control (IC) staffing in hospitals and to analyze modifiers of staffing levels. METHODS: We conducted an internet-based survey of European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases members and affiliates, collecting data on hospital characteristics, ID management infrastructure, ID/IC-related activities and the ratio of physicians/100 hospital beds...
June 29, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Paul Peter Schneider, Max Geraedts
In this study, we investigated the association between nurse and physician staffing and the incidence of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers in acute care hospitals in Germany. The study population, derived from the Quality Reports of German Hospitals and the Hospital Directory, consisted of 710 hospitals covering 716,281 cases in the first quarter of 2010, and 672 hospitals covering 757,665 cases in the first quarter of 2012. The relationship between staffing variables and the standardized incidence ratios of pressure ulcers was examined using bivariate and multivariable linear regression models...
July 3, 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
Bertrand Guidet, Marcio Soares, Kathryn Rowan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Meeta Prasad Kerlin, Scott D Halpern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
David J Wallace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Jo Røislien, Pieter L van den Berg, Thomas Lindner, Erik Zakariassen, Karen Aardal, J Theresia van Essen
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services are an important part of many healthcare systems. Norway has a nationwide physician staffed air ambulance service with 12 bases servicing a country with large geographical variations in population density. The aim of the study was to estimate optimal air ambulance base locations. METHODS: We used high resolution population data for Norway from 2015, dividing Norway into >300 000 1 km×1 km cells. Inhabited cells had a median (5-95 percentile) of 13 (1-391) inhabitants...
June 20, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Deena Kelly Costa, James J Yang, Milisa Manojlovich
We examined the relationship between intensivist physician staffing, nurse work environment, and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in 25 intensive care units. We found a significant interaction between the nurse work environment, intensivist physician staffing, and VAP. Future work may need to focus on fostering organizational collaboration between nursing and medicine to leverage skills of both clinician groups to reduce risk for VAP in critically ill patients.
May 12, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Toni Pakkanen, Ilkka Virkkunen, Antti Kämäräinen, Heini Huhtala, Tom Silfvast, Janne Virta, Tarja Randell, Arvi Yli-Hankala
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and permanent disability. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel are often the first healthcare providers attending patients with TBI. The level of available care varies, which may have an impact on the patient's outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate mortality and neurological outcome of TBI patients in two regions with differently structured EMS systems. METHODS: A 6-year period (2005 - 2010) observational data on pre-hospital TBI management in paramedic-staffed EMS and physician-staffed EMS systems were retrospectively analysed...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2015: Modern Healthcare
Stephen M Pastores, John M Oropello, Neil A Halpern, Vladimir Kvetan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Pierre Demaret, Frédéric Lebrun, Philippe Devos, Caroline Champagne, Roland Lemaire, Isabelle Loeckx, Marie Messens, André Mulder
UNLABELLED: This study aims to describe the pediatric physician-staffed EMS missions at a national level and to compare the pediatric and the adult EMS missions. Using a national database, we analyzed 254,812 interventions including 15,294 (6 %) pediatric emergencies. Less children than adults received an intravenous infusion (52.7 versus 77.1 %, p < 0.001), but the intra-osseous access was used more frequently in children (1.3 versus 0.8 %, p < 0.001). More children than adults benefited from a therapeutic immobilization (16...
July 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Mikael Gellerfors, Dan Gryth, Hans Morten Lossius, Joacim Linde
For the most severely injured and unstable patients physician staffed second tier emergency medical service (EMS) units are used in many European areas. Physician staffed prehospital care is associated with a high rate of survival, advanced trauma care and beneficial cost-effectiveness. In the Nordic countries anaesthesiologists staff the rapid response cars and ambulance helicopters. This article reviews the current status of physician EMS in Sweden and the rapid development of new prehospital intensive care methods...
2016: Läkartidningen
Helmut Trimmel, Janett Kreutziger, Robert Fitzka, Stephan Szüts, Christoph Derdak, Elisabeth Koch, Boris Erwied, Wolfgang G Voelckel
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess whether the GlideScope Ranger video laryngoscope may be a reliable alternative to direct laryngoscopy in the prehospital setting. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, control trial with patient recruitment over 18 months. SETTING: Four study centers operating physician-staffed rescue helicopters or ground units in Austria and Norway. PATIENTS: Adult emergency patients requiring endotracheal intubation...
July 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Mona Al-Amin, Suzanne C Makarem
The quality of physician-patient communication influences patient health outcomes and satisfaction with healthcare delivery. Yet, little is known about contextual factors that influence physicians' communication with their patients. The main purpose of this article is to examine organizational-level factors that influence patient perceptions of physician communication in inpatient settings. We used the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey and American Hospital Association data to determine patients' ratings of physician communication at the hospital level, and to collect information about hospital-level factors that can potentially influence physician communication...
January 2016: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"