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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433019/exposure-to-bisphenols-and-parabens-during-pregnancy-and-relations-to-steroid-changes
#1
Lucie Kolatorova, Jana Vitku, Richard Hampl, Karolina Adamcova, Tereza Skodova, Marketa Simkova, Antonin Parizek, Luboslav Starka, Michaela Duskova
BACKGROUND: The harmful effects of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) on human health are generally well-known, and exposure during fetal development may have lasting effects. Fetal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been recently relatively well-studied; however, less is known about alternatives such as bisphenol S (BPS), bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol AF (BPAF), which have started to appear in consumer products. Parabens are another widespread group of EDCs, with confirmed transplacental passage...
February 9, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417209/rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-due-to-anti-mda5-antibodies-without-skin-involvement-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Juan González-Moreno, Manuel Raya-Cruz, Ines Losada-Lopez, Ana Paula Cacheda, Cristina Oliver, Bartomeu Colom
Anti-MDA5 antibodies have been strongly associated with rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD) in dermatomyositis (DM) patients, especially in the clinically amyopathic subset (CADM). We present a case of anti-MDA5 antibody-associated RP-ILD in a patient with arthritis but with no other clinical signs suggestive of DM or CADM successfully treated with a combination of cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine and corticoids. A review of the literature was also done. Despite its rarity, anti-MDA5 antibody-associated ILD should be suspected in cases of RP-ILD even without other signs of DM or CADM as prompt and aggressive treatment could improve prognosis...
February 7, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321018/management-and-attitudes-about-ipf-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-among-physicians-from-latin-america
#3
Iván Cherrez-Ojeda, Vincent Cottin, Juan Carlos Calderón, César Delgado, Erick Calero, Daniel Simanca-Racines, Silvia Quadrelli, Annia Cherrez
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess current practice patterns and attitudes towards diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients in Latin America. METHODS: A Cross-sectional survey was developed and up to 455 physicians were enrolled. We used a rigorous method of validation using the translated version of the AIR Survey. RESULTS: Mean age was 47.5 years (SD 12.6) with 20.4 years (SD 12.3) of practice...
January 10, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311198/fungal-peritonitis-caused-by-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-in-a-capd-patient-treated-with-liposomal-amphotericin-b-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Frédéric Franconieri, Julie Bonhomme, Aline Doriot, Cécile Bonnamy, Maxence Ficheux, Thierry Lobbedez, Clémence Béchade
Rhodotorula mucilaginosa is a ubiquitous yeast that may cause serious peritoneal dialysis (PD) infections. A 70-year-old man receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for 6 months presented with a PD infection caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa The patient was treated with intravenous liposomal amphotericin B. His peritoneal catheter was simultaneously removed and reinserted. To date, only 10 cases of Rhodotorula CAPD infections have been reported. Catheters, corticoids, cancer, and previous antibiotic therapy were the main risk factors for these infections...
January 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290619/-a-giant-cell-arteritis-revealing-a-goodpasture-s-syndrome
#5
Pascaline M Alix, Amélie Belloi, Émilie Berthoux, Frédérique Dijoud, Emmanuel Villar, Caroline Pariset
Goodpasture's syndrome is a triad of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) circulating antibodies, glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage. We reported a 65-year-old woman with headaches, asthenia and weight loss. Giant cell arteritis was confirmed by temporal artery biopsy. The patient had associated renal condition with moderate acute renal failure, proteinuria and haematuria. Renal biopsy showed extracapillary glomerulonephritis and linear staining of immunoglobulins G along glomerular basement membrane...
December 28, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288858/risk-factors-associated-with-meningitis-after-neurosurgery-operation-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-a-chinese-hospital
#6
Shengsen Chen, An Cui, Kangkang Yu, Chong Huang, Mengqi Zhu, Mingquan Chen
OBJECTIVE: Meningitis is a serious complication occurring after neurosurgical operations, which can result in severe morbidity and high mortality. This retrospective cohort study aimed to determine the risk factors of postoperative meningitis in a large clinical center of Neurosurgery in China. METHODS: Patients who underwent neurosurgeries between January 2014 and December 2015 were selected and 1016 cases were included the final analysis. On the basis of propensity scores, 84 post-operative meningitis patients were successfully matched to the 84 patients without post-operative meningitis...
December 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285344/a-model-for-the-optimization-of-anti-inflammatory-treatment-with-chemerin
#7
Simao Laranjeira, Daniel Regan-Komito, Asif J Iqbal, David R Greaves, Stephen J Payne, Piotr Orlowski
Routine treatment of mild to moderate pain with a combination of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as paracetamol in combination with corticoid opioids can lead to severe complications including death from gastrointestinal injury or to drug dependence. There is a need for the development of new safer drugs. Chemerin is a mediator promoting resolution of inflammation and it is then a promising candidate for a new treatment. A pilot experimental work using the zymosan-induced peritonitis model has found that injecting extra chemerin resulted in an approximately 1% reduction in the total number of inflammatory cells recruited...
February 6, 2018: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284447/adjunctive-corticosteroid-therapy-for-inpatients-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia
#8
Masato Tashiro, Kiyohide Fushimi, Kei Kawano, Takahiro Takazono, Tomomi Saijo, Kazuko Yamamoto, Shintaro Kurihara, Yoshifumi Imamura, Taiga Miyazaki, Katsunori Yanagihara, Hiroshi Mukae, Koichi Izumikawa
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence regarding the benefit of adjunctive corticosteroid therapy in patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. We hypothesised that corticosteroid therapy could reduce mortality and length of stay (LOS) in such patients. METHODS: Adult patients with M. pneumoniae pneumonia from January 2010 to December 2013 were identified from the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination inpatient database. The effects of low-dose and high-dose corticosteroid therapies on mortality, LOS, drug costs and hyperglycaemia requiring insulin treatment were evaluated using propensity score analyses...
December 29, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241876/update-in-ethiopathogeny-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-the-igg4-related-disease
#9
REVIEW
Fernando Martínez-Valle, Olimpia Orozco-Gálvez, Andreu Fernández-Codina
IgG4 related disease (IgG4-RD) is probably an autoimmune pathology of unknown etiology. Diverse interactions participate in its pathogen between the adaptive and innate immune systems, activating lymphocytes B and T which trigger the inflammatory cascade, which culminates in fibrosis of the organs and their malfunction. It can affect a multitude of organs simultaneously. The diagnosis is based on the correlation of clinical findings with anatomopathological results (lymphoplasmocitary infiltrate, storiform fibrosis, obliterative phlebitis and IgG4+plasmatic cell count) and with the presence of elevated IgG4 in serum, depending on the criteria used...
December 11, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217977/combined-treatment-of-vigabatrin-and-corticoids-for-infantile-spasms-a-superiority-complex-or-truly-superior-to-corticoids-monotherapy
#10
COMMENT
Ajay Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Epilepsy Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204074/academic-stress-induced-changes-in-th1-and-th2-cytokine-response
#11
Areej M Assaf, Reem Al-Abbassi, Maysaa Al-Binni
Psychological stress stimulates physiological responses releasing catecholamines and corticoids, which act via corresponding receptors on immune cells, producing a shift in the cytokine balance. These responses are variable depending on the nature of stressors. The effect of the academic stress on the production of the Th1-cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-8) and Th2-cytokines (IL-1ra, IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10) on 35 medical/health sciences students after completing their questionnaires was investigated...
December 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171446/do-infections-with-disseminated-mycobacterium-avium-complex-precede-sweet-s-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Kenji Hibiya, Kazuya Miyagi, Maki Tamayose, Daijiro Nabeya, Takeshi Kinjo, Syo Takeshima, Nanae Ikemiyagi, Keisuke Yamada, Akane Fujita, Hiroe Hashioka, Wakaki Kami, Morifumi Inamine, Daisuke Shibahara, Hideta Nakamura, Makoto Furugen, Shusaku Haranaga, Futoshi Higa, Masao Tateyama, Jiro Fujita
Sweet's syndrome is reportedly associated with preceding nontuberculous mycobacterial infections (NTMIs). Here, we report on a systemic Mycobacterium intracellulare infection in a patient on corticoid therapy for Sweet's syndrome. Literature searches show that 69.1% of patients with Sweet's syndrome and NTMIs developed this syndrome later than NTMIs and 89.3% of them developed during the clinical course of a rapidly growing mycobacterial infection. The residual cases were associated with slow-growing mycobacteria (14...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169713/-detection-and-codification-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-a-mother-child-university-hospital
#13
M Harry, D Lebel, A Comtois, J-F Bussières
INTRODUCTION: In view of the underdeclaration of adverse drug reactions (ADRs), there is a need for optimizing their reporting. To improve our declaration, a pharmacovigilance program was started in 2006 at our center and measures were progressively started (weekly patient rounds, monthly report, etc.). The objectives of the study were to describe and compare the annual average incidence of the ADRs coded by the medical archivists from 1 April 1989 to 31 March 2010 (period 1) and from 1 April 2010 to 31 March 2015 (period 2), to determine the therapeutic classes of drugs associated with ADRs according to age and determine the percentage of ADRs that are declared to Health Canada...
November 20, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132968/canaliculitis-due-to-gemella-haemolysans-in-a-single-isolate
#14
J L Romero-Trevejo, J Somavilla-Lupiáñez
CASE REPORT: An 84 year-old woman was referred for evaluation of a painless swelling with small purulent discharge in her left upper canaliculus, and an associated epiphora of one-month duration. The patient was diagnosed with acute primary canaliculitis. She was treated with topical and oral antibiotics, as well as topical corticoids for three months, with little response. Surgical treatment with left upper canaliculotomy and curettage was then performed, and Gemella haemolysans was identified from the curetted material...
November 10, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033123/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-codepeh-recommendations
#15
Faustino Núñez-Batalla, Carmen Jáudenes-Casaubón, Jose Miguel Sequí-Canet, Ana Vivanco-Allende, Jose Zubicaray-Ugarteche
The incidence and the prevalence rates of otitis media with effusion (OME) are high. However, there is evidence that only a minority of professionals follow the recommendations provided in clinical practice guidelines. For the purpose of improving diagnosis and treatment of OME in children to prevent and/or reduce its impact on children's development, the Commission for the Early Detection of Deafness (CODEPEH) has deeply reviewed the scientific literature on this field and has drafted a document of recommendations for a correct clinical reaction to of OME, including diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment methodology...
October 13, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019594/allogeneic-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-xenogenic-platelet-rich-plasma-associated-or-not-in-the-repair-of-bone-failures-in-rabbits-with-secondary-osteoporosis
#16
Mariá Andrade de Carvalho Rocha, Laís Meireles Costa Silva, Wellson Andrade de Oliveira, Dayseanny de Oliveira Bezerra, Gustavo Cardoso da Silva, Lucilene Dos Santos Silva, Brenda Lurian do Nascimento Medeiros, Sílvia de Araújo França Baêta, Maria Acelina Martins de Carvalho, Napoleão Martins Argôlo
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells and xenogenic platelet rich plasma in the treatment of bone failure of osteoporotic rabbits secondary to estrogenic deprivation and iatrogenic hypercortisolism. METHODS: Eight female rabbits underwent ovarian resection and corticoid therapy to induce clinical status of osteoporosis. Four failures were produced in the tibiae, with each failure being treated with hemostatic sponge, allogenic mesenchymal stem cells, xenogenic platelet-rich plasma and the association between both...
September 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992897/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-eating-disorders-a-systematized-review-of-comorbidity
#17
REVIEW
L Ilzarbe, M Fàbrega, R Quintero, A Bastidas, L Pintor, J García-Campayo, F Gomollón, D Ilzarbe
OBJECTIVE: Research has shown that there is an association between Inflammatory Bowel Disease, anxiety and mood disorders, however little is known about their association with Eating Disorders. In this paper we will present a case of a young female with a comorbid diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Eating Disorder, and then discuss the results from a systematic review of the literature, describing published cases of patients with the same condition. METHODS: A systematized review of the literature was conducted according to MOOSE guidelines...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977167/11%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-ii-activity-is-affected-by-grapefruit-juice-and-intense-muscular-work
#18
Christopher Kargl, Mohammad Arshad, Fahad Salman, Regina C Schurman, Pedro Del Corral
OBJECTIVE: The enzymatic activity of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11β-HSD2) is key to protecting mineral corticoid receptors from cortisol and has been implicated in blood pressure regulation. Grapefruit juice (GFJ) and acidity are thought to inhibit this enzyme in vitro. This study examines the effect of GFJ and intense exercise on 11β-HSD2 enzyme activity in vivo. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighteen subjects ingested GFJ or apple juice (CON) on separate days prior to reporting to the laboratory in a randomized order...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963086/developing-an-exogenous-pulmonary-surfactant-glucocorticoids-association-effect-of-corticoid-concentration-on-the-biophysical-properties-of-the-surfactant
#19
Alejandra Cimato, Graciela Facorro, Margarita Martínez Sarrasague
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are used to treat lung disease. GCs incorporated in an exogenous pulmonary surfactant (EPS) could be an alternative management to improve drug delivery avoiding side effects. In the development of these pharmaceutical products, it is important to know the maximum amount of GC that can be incorporated and if increasing quantities of GCs alter EPS biophysical properties. Formulations containing EPS and beclomethasone, budesonide or fluticasone were analyzed (PL 10mg/ml; GC 1-2mg/ml). The microstructure was evaluated by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, GCs incorporated were determined by UV absorption and polarized light microscopy and surfactant activity with pulsating bubble surfactometer...
September 27, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947388/the-brain-gut-axis-of-fish-rainbow-trout-with-low-and-high-cortisol-response-show-innate-differences-in-intestinal-integrity-and-brain-gene-expression
#20
Malin Rosengren, Per-Ove Thörnqvist, Svante Winberg, Kristina Sundell
In fish, the stress hormone cortisol is released through the hypothalamic pituitary interrenal axis (HPI-axis).The reactivity of this axis differs between individuals and previous studies have linked this to different behavioural characteristics and stress coping styles. The current study examines the expression of stress related genes in the brain and investigates the stress sensitive barrier function of the intestine of low and high responding rainbow trout (LR and HR) in terms of cortisol release. LR and HR rainbow trout were identified using repeated confinement stress tests...
September 22, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
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