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obstructive acute abdomen

Rishabh Sehgal, Cherry X Cheung, Tristram Hills, Aqueel Waris, Donagh Healy, Tahir Khan
Jejunal pseudo-diverticulosis is a rare acquired herniation of the mucosa and submucosa through weakened areas of the muscularis mucosa of the mesenteric aspect of the bowel. They are asymptomatic in the majority of cases; however, they can present with a wide spectrum of non-specific symptoms such as chronic abdominal discomfort, postprandial flatulence, diarrhoea, malabsorption and steattorhoea. In up to 15% of cases, more serious acute complications may arise such as the development of intestinal obstruction, haemorrhage or as in our case, localized peritonitis secondary to perforation...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Khalid Hamid Changal, Sheikh Shoaib Altaf, Adnan Raina
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) varies tremendously depending upon the type of lymphoma and the areas of involvement. NHL can rarely present as an abdominal mass compressing the inferior vena cava. The clinical presentation due to obstruction of inferior vena cava has often been called the inferior vena cava syndrome (IVCS). It can present acutely or chronically. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35-year-old male presented with 3 months history of fever, anorexia, weight loss and abdominal discomfort...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Angel Torralba-Morón, Maria Urbanowicz, Carolina Ibarrola-De Andres, Guadalupe Lopez-Alonso, Francisco Colina-Ruizdelgado, Juan-Manuel Guerra-Vales
Endometriosis is a quite common pathology, however, intestinal endometriosis is a rare condition, which typically occurs with chronic symptoms. Its acute presentation is very infrequent. We herein report four cases of intestinal endometriosis, in which the clinical debut occurred acutely: two as an acute small bowel obstruction and two as a small bowel perforation. None of the cases had a preoperative diagnosis of endometriosis. The interest of these cases lies in this exceptional form of presentation, such as a surgical acute abdomen...
2016: Internal Medicine
Marco Moschetta, Arnaldo Scardapane, Michele Telegrafo, Nicola Maria Lucarelli, Valentina Lorusso, Giuseppe Angelelli, Amato Antonio Stabile Ianora
BACKGROUND: Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) represents the gold standard in patients with acute abdomen syndrome and suspected bowel ischemia. It provides a correct diagnosis and contributes to appropriate treatment planning. This study aims to evaluate the role of 3D Tissue Transition Projection (TTP) transparent wall CT reconstruction for detecting the degree of bowel dilatation and to correlate this finding with the aetiology and prognosis in patients affected by mesenteric infarction...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Firas G Petros, Debra L Zynger, Geoffrey N Box, Ketul K Shah
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous perinephric hematoma (SPH) secondary to a forniceal rupture as the first presenting sign for an obstructive ureteral stone in a patient without history of urolithiasis has not been described previously. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 70-year-old Caucasian male patient who presented to our emergency room with fever, altered mental status, and left flank pain. He had a temperature of 103.3°F, tachycardia, but stable blood pressure. He had left flank tenderness...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Wayne Brisbane, Michael R Bailey, Mathew D Sorensen
Kidney stone imaging is an important diagnostic tool and initial step in deciding which therapeutic options to use for the management of kidney stones. Guidelines provided by the American College of Radiology, American Urological Association, and European Association of Urology differ regarding the optimal initial imaging modality to use to evaluate patients with suspected obstructive nephrolithiasis. Noncontrast CT of the abdomen and pelvis consistently provides the most accurate diagnosis but also exposes patients to ionizing radiation...
August 31, 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
K M Brown, J S Gundara, A Mittal
PURPOSE: Whilst situs inversus is associated with intestinal malrotation and volvulus particularly in infants, this is the first known report of acute intestinal obstruction in an adult patient with a situs anomaly specifically due to a congenital transmesenteric hernia. CASE: A 54-year-old woman presented with a 12-h history of progressive abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed an incidental finding of situs inversus abdominus, ischemic small bowel obstruction and a potential occlusive thrombus of the superior mesenteric artery...
August 10, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Fabio Viegas, Carla Viegas, Enio França, Klaus Kleuser, Fernando de Barros
Takotsubo syndrome, also known as broken-heart syndrome, stress-induced cardiomyopathy or transient apical ballooning syndrome, is a transient disorder characterized by segmental left ventricular failure in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Most cases of Takotsubo syndrome are caused by acute stress that leads to a sudden, temporary weakening of the cardiac musculature. This stress triggers a rise in circulating catecholamine levels that results in acute ventricular dysfunction. In this report, we describe two cases of Takotsubo syndrome in the early postoperative period after bariatric surgery...
October 2016: Obesity Surgery
Varut Lohsiriwat
Anorectal emergencies refer to anorectal disorders presenting with some alarming symptoms such as acute anal pain and bleeding which might require an immediate management. This article deals with the diagnosis and management of common anorectal emergencies such as acutely thrombosed external hemorrhoid, thrombosed or strangulated internal hemorrhoid, bleeding hemorrhoid, bleeding anorectal varices, anal fissure, irreducible or strangulated rectal prolapse, anorectal abscess, perineal necrotizing fasciitis (Fournier gangrene), retained anorectal foreign bodies and obstructing rectal cancer...
July 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Samantha Mc Kenzie Stancu, Bogdan Aurelian Popescu, Mircea Beuran
Meckel's Diverticulum is the most common congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract with a prevalence of 2 % in the general population, being twice as common and symptomatic in males. Not seldom is the diagnosis made incidentally, upon laparotomy for other intra-abdominal conditions, namely acute appendicitis. Simple Diverticulectomy is the surgical treatment of choice. We present the case of S.M., a 38 year-old male who was admitted to the Surgery Department of the Bucharest Clinical Emergency Hospital for sudden onset of initially periumbilical pain, which later migrated and localized in the right iliac fossa (RIF) accompanied by vomiting after the onset of pain, approximately 24 hours prior to admission...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Melibea Sierra-Ruiz, Juan C Sáenz-Copete, Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Carlos A Ordoñez
INTRODUCTION: The ingestion of foreign bodies (FB) is a common problem worldwide and affects all ages; it is, however, particularly important in the pediatric population and in mentally impaired adults. The typical outcome of FB ingestion is good, since the majority of ingested material is passed spontaneously through the gastrointestinal tract. Serious complications can occur, however, including bowel perforation or obstruction and gastrointestinal bleeding, amongst others. Extraluminal migration of ingested foreign bodies is very rare and reported cases so far have shown, more commonly, migration to neck structures, with very few reported cases of migration to the abdomen...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ernesto Hernando-Almudí, Rafael Cerdán-Pascual, Cristina Vallejo-Bernad, Joaquín Martín-Cuartero, María Sánchez-Rubio, Carmen Casamayor-Franco
BACKGROUND: Intestinal malrotation is a congenital anomaly of the intestinal rotation and fixation, and usually occurs in the neonatal age. OBJECTIVE: Description of a clinical case associated with acute occlusive symptoms. CLINICAL CASE: A case of intestinal malrotation is presented in a previously asymptomatic woman of 46 years old with an intestinal obstruction, with radiology and surgical findings showing an absence of intestinal rotation...
June 23, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Hajime Kayano, Eiji Nomura, Shinichiro Hiraiwa, Toru Kuramoto, Kentaro Yatabe, Takashi Machida, Takuma Tajiri, Masaya Mukai, Hiroyasu Makuuchi
The patient was a 39-year-old woman who was referred to our department from her previous doctor with a 2-day history of right abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography showed wall thickening associated with calcification in the ascending colon. Contrast enhancement in the same portion of the intestinal wall was rather poor. Fluid accumulation was also seen around the intestine, so emergency surgery was performed under a provisional diagnosis of intestinal necrosis. Intestinal necrosis due to idiopathic mesenteric phlebosclerosis was diagnosed from postoperative histopathological tests...
2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
O Lavergne, Q Bonnet, A Thomas, D Waltregny
Renal colic (RC) represents nearly 2% of emergency department admissions. RC is defined by the occurrence of back pain which may radiate towards the abdomen and external genitals. In adults, the obstruction is caused by a urinary stone in 80% of cases. The 20 % of non-stone related RCs are due either to an intrinsic obstruction (pyeloureteral junction stenosis, ureteral tumor, ...) or an extrinsic compression (pelvic tumor, lymphadenopathy ...). In over 90% of cases, an RC does not require hospitalization and is treated with medication...
May 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
Zhen Ni Zhou, Christina Tierney, William H Rodgers, Long Nguyen, David Fishman
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among women. Clear cell ovarian carcinoma is a rare histologic subtype accounting for 5-10% of all epithelial ovarian cancers and is often associated with endometriosis. Patients generally present with vague abdominal and pelvic complaints. However, patients can present in the acute setting with pleural effusions, ascites, bowel obstructions, and deep vein thrombosis. CASE: A 54 year old woman presenting with an acute abdomen secondary to rupture of ovarian clear cell carcinoma...
April 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Roberto I Lopes, Francisco Dénes, Gustavo Messi, Marcos Machado
Prune perineum syndrome (PPS) is a rare anomaly, with only two previous case reports, both dying in the perinatal period. We report the first case of PPS that reached childhood. The patient presented with hypoplastic genitalia and bilateral cryptorchidism. There was no evidence of an anal orifice. A significant prune-like mass was observed, extending from the perineum to both gluteal regions and to a cephalic mid-line bony prominence, with a 1cm central orifice that discharged urine. MRI confirmed the previous findings and revealed a right crossed ectopic kidney, intestinal malrotation, a hypoplastic infrarenal inferior vena cava and a hypoplastic right iliac artery...
2016: F1000Research
C Laessle, J Fink, S Küsters, G Seifert, J Höppner, G Marjanovic
The frequency of bariatric operations has increased in Germany. Primary operations are usually performed at specialised centres. However, late complications may develop months or even years after the operation, and every general and visceral surgeon may be confronted with them, regardless of the size and specialisation of their clinics. The laparoscopic Roux-Y gastric bypass is the most frequently performed bariatric operation worldwide. During this procedure, the alimentary loop is lifted up in front of the colon to form a pouch, which creates a mesenteric space, also called the Petersen space, dorsal to the alimentary loop and below the transverse colon...
June 14, 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
I A Magagi, H Adamou, O Habou, A Magagi, M Halidou, K Ganiou
The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiologic, therapeutic, and prognostic aspects of surgical acute abdomen at the National Hospital of Zinder (HNZ). This was a prospective study of patients undergoing digestive surgical emergencies in HNZ over 24 months (January 2013-December 2014). During the study period, 622 digestive surgical emergencies were operated. The mean age was 22.91 ± 18.14 years old, with a sex-ratio of 3:1. The average admission time was 64.31 ± 57.90 h. Abdominal pain was the main reason for admission in 61...
June 14, 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Serdar Kirmizi, Demet Aydogan Kirmizi, Reyhan Karagul, Kerem Tolan
Meckel's diverticulum is a real diverticulum located at the antimesenteric portion of intestinal loops and including all layers of the intestinal wall. It is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract, and its incidence is 1-3%. Many asymptomatic cases are diagnosed when complications occur. A 23-year-old female patient applied to gynaecology emergency clinic with pelvic pain complaint. Laparotomy was performed with the diagnosis of acute abdomen because the physical examination and imaging studies did not exclude tuboovary pathology...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Eduardo Moreno-Aguilera, Francisco Iván Galeana-Nogueda, Jesús Vera-Aguilera, Carlos Vera-Aguilera, Luis Alfonso Ley-Marcial
BACKGROUND: The first reported case of intestinal perforation secondary to metastatic lung carcinoma was reported in 1957. Intestinal metastases are present in up to 1.8% of the cases, with small bowel obstruction as the most common clinical presentation. CLINICAL CASE: An 89 year-old male, who was diagnosed with a high-grade pulmonary mucoepidermoid tumour 2 months previously. The patient was admitted to the hospital for 3 days due to diffuse colic abdominal pain of moderate to severe intensity, accompanied by nausea and gastric vomiting, as well as 2 episodes of bloody bowel movements...
May 31, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
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