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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207775/axial-torsion-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-rare-case-report
#1
Sandesh Vithal Parab, Pramod Govindrao Salve, Aruna Dahiphale, Rupesh Thakare, Amit Aiwale
Meckel's Diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of gastrointestinal tract, occurring in 2% of the population. It is a true diverticulum and histologically all four intestinal layers are present within MD. There are various complications related to a Meckel's diverticulum, including haemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, inflammation and perforation. Axial torsion followed by gangrene of MD is the rarest of the complications that have been reported. The exact mechanism for torsion is unclear. Preoperative diagnosis of torsion of MD is difficult and often confused with appendicitis as pain is usually localized to right lower quadrant...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207774/a-diagnostic-surprise-for-a-right-iliac-fossa-mass-a-perforated-ileal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour
#2
J Sanjay Prakash, Anita Samraj, G Sabarish Kumar, R Vijai
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GISTs) are tumours of the gut found mostly in stomach and small intestine. The complications are Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, obstruction, pain and rarely perforation. We are reporting an abnormal presentation of GIST masquerading as an acute abdomen with Right Iliac Fossa (RIF) mass in 60-year-old lady. Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) of abdomen revealed a peripherally enhancing encapsulated abscess in RIF in close contact with base of caecum and adjacent peritonitis suggesting caecal perforation...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156231/acute-organoaxial-gastric-volvulus-a-massive-problem-with-a-twist-case-report
#3
Fadi Al Daoud, Gul Sachwani Daswani, Vinu Perinjelil, Tina Nigam
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus (GV) is a rare and life threatening condition if not treated promptly or wrongly diagnosed. The main complication of gastric volvulus is foregut obstruction. The extreme rotation can cut off blood supply to the stomach and even distal organs, which can lead to ischemia and necrosis of the affected area. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 41yo female that complained of severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting for approximately 3days after eating a large meal...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095027/the-two-sides-of-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-treatment-conservative-or-surgical-management
#4
Elvia Johanna Osegueda de Rodríguez, Antonio Carlos Hernández-Villegas, Aurora Elizabeth Serralde-Zúñiga, Ana Luz Del Carmen Reyes-Ramírez
INTRODUCTION: Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) is a rare condition characterized by vascular compression of the duodenum. There is controversy regarding the optimal treatment. CASE REPORT: In case 1, we describe the case of a 21-year-old woman (body mass index -BMI- 16.9 kg/m2) with high-level obstructive symptoms three months prior, with computed tomography scan (TC) showing a superior mesenteric artery aorta angle (SMAA) of 13º and compression of the third portion of the duodenum (D3), for this reason a nasojejunal tube was placed for enteral feeding...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082329/a-rare-case-report-of-hydronephrosis-and-acute-kidney-injury-secondary-to-gonadal-vein-thrombosis-in-a-young-male
#5
Jason M Sandberg, Raymond B Dyer, Majid Mirzazadeh
Background: Gonadal vein thrombosis (GVT) has been reported in association with malignancy and pelvic inflammatory conditions. Patients who develop GVT often require systemic anticoagulation to reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism and other local and distant thromboembolic effects. As the gonadal vein courses from the pelvis toward its outlet in the upper abdomen, its intimate relationship to the ureter in the setting of vascular pathology may pose a risk for urinary obstruction in the adult. We are reporting a rare case of GVT leading to ureteral obstruction and acute kidney injury (AKI) in a young otherwise healthy male and provide a review of similar literature...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031177/giant-gastric-lipoma-presenting-as-gi-bleed-enucleation-or-resection
#6
Salah Termos, Ossama Reslan, Omar Alqabandi, Abdullah AlDuwaisan, Saud Al-Subaie, Khalifa Alyatama, Mohammad Alali, Ahmad AlSaleh
INTRODUCTION: Gastric lipomas are unusual benign lesions and account for less than 1% of all tumours of the stomach and 5% of all gastrointestinal lipomas (Thompson et al.2003; Fernandez et al. 1983 [1,2]). Although predominantly asymptomatic and indolent; they may present with gastric outlet obstruction and upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding owing to size and ulceration. Only a few cases have been reported, presenting large in size with massive GI bleeding (Alcalde Escribano et al...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026834/conservative-approach-to-the-acute-management-of-a-large-mesenteric-cyst
#7
Billy C Leung, Ruth Sankey, Matteo Fronza, Mohamed Maatouk
Mesenteric cysts are rare, benign gastrointestinal cystic lesions, which are often non-troublesome and present as an incidental radiological finding. However, surgery is often performed in the acute setting to remove lesions that are symptomatic. This report highlights the case of a large, symptomatic mesenteric cyst managed successfully with initial conservative measures followed by planned elective surgery. A 44-year-old female presented with a four-day history of generalised abdominal pain associated with distension, fever, diarrhoea and vomiting...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978602/small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-a-jejunal-enterolith-an-unusual-complication-of-jejunal-diverticulitis
#8
Lalita Malghan, Ashley Uttley, David Scullion
A 91-year-old woman presented with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction supported by clinical findings. A CT of the abdomen was performed which demonstrated jejunal diverticulosis with a single inflamed, wide necked diverticulum. A large enterolith was found to be impacted in the jejunum just distal to the area of inflammation resulting in small bowel obstruction. The patient underwent emergency laparotomy, which confirmed the CT findings. Small bowel resection was performed. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953636/colonic-obstruction-caused-by-accessory-spleen-torsion-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Chuanzeng Ren, Yongqing Liu, Rongge Cao, Tao Zhao, Dong Chen, Lingli Yao, Zhili Pan
RATIONALE: Accessory spleen torsion is a rare cause of the acute abdomen. The complications of accessory spleen torsion, such as intestinal obstruction, are rarer. We herein report a case of colonic obstruction caused by accessory spleen torsion because of the unusual condition. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 15-year-old patient presented with acute intestinal obstruction with signs of peritoneal irritation. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography examinations revealed a soft tissue mass in the left midabdomen...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944343/closed-perforation-of-gastric-fundus-and-gastric-outlet-obstruction-caused-by-a-giant-gastric-trichobezoar-a-case-report
#10
Bünyamin Gürbulak, Özgür Seğmen, Taşkın Rakıcı, Kenan Büyükaşık, Mazlum Yavaş
A bezoar is a mass formed because of the accumulation of indigestible material in the stomach and/or small intestine. Bezoars are rare but occasionally occur with acute abdomen findings. Bezoars form as a result of changes in the gastrointestinal system anatomy and physiology and repetitive exposure to the ingested material. These materials can include vegetables with high fiber content (phytobezoars), non-animal origin fats, hair (trichobezoars), or drugs such as anti-acids (pharmobezoars). Gastric bezoars frequently occur after gastric surgery...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927352/an-acute-presentation-of-pediatric-mesenteric-lymphangioma-a-case-report-and-literature-overview
#11
Céline Clement, Rob Snoekx, Pieter Ceulemans, Inez Wyn, Jan Matheï
INTRODUCTION: Lymphangioma accounts for 5% of benign pediatric tumors and less than 1% is located in the abdomen. While mesenteric lymphatic malformation or mesenteric lymphangioma (ML), mostly appears asymptomatic in adults, an acute clinical presentation is seen more often in children. Symptoms can mimic obstruction or peritonitis and diagnosis can therefore be challenging. Imaging studies are performed to exclude other causes of obstruction or peritonitis. Diagnosis of ML is always made by histology...
September 19, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924293/leiomyoma-of-the-urinary-bladder
#12
Anila Jamshaid, Zeeshan Arshad, Syed Zafar Zaidi
Leiomyoma of urinary bladder is a rare tumour with an incidence of < 0.5% of all the bladder tumours. We report a case of leiomyoma of bladder after taking written and informed consent from a 38 years old female, after obtaining the permission of the institutional review board (IRB). She presented in November 2015, with symptoms of obstructive lower urinary tract for 1 year followed by acute urinary retention. Physical examination was unremarkable. Ultrasound showed well circumscribed polypoidal growth in the bladder with mild hydronephrosis on the left side...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904243/solitary-fibrous-tumour-a-rare-cause-of-acute-abdomen
#13
Nicole Grech, Ernest Ellul, Neville Spiteri, Miljan Milic
Solitary Fibrous Tumours(SFT), previously known as haemangiopericytoma, are rarely encountered in surgery. They arise from mesenchyme tissue and can occur at several sites in the body - head and neck, extremities, thorax, abdomen and retroperitoneal space. In the thorax, where they arise from the pleura, and abdomen they may attain a large size before giving rise to symptoms. Most SFT behave in a benign manner. However a number of them recur locally or metastasize. Recurrences can occur several years after excision of the primary tumour...
March 29, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892784/ileal-angiodysplasia-presentation-as-a-bowel-obstruction-a-case-report
#14
Ons Ghdes, Ali Gaja, Ahlem Blel, Hichem Jarraya, Najla Mnif
INTRODUCTION: Angiodysplasia is a common vascular abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract, found in the elderly and most frequently revealed by gastrointestinal bleeding. We report an original case of ileal angiodysplasia in an 83-year-old woman presenting as a bowel obstruction. CASE PRESENTATION: An 83-year-old woman with a medical history of chronic untreated anemia, presented with cardinal symptoms of bowel obstruction. Computed tomography revealed diffuse ileal wall thickening with multiple zones of stenosis, which were aggravated by an ileal perforation and associated with vascular abnormalities compatible with angiodysplasia...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828106/esophageal-pneumatosis-in-the-setting-of-small-bowel-ileus-with-acute-resolution-after-nasogastric-tube-decompression
#15
Sanjit O Tewari, Allen R Wolfe, Richard Seguritan, Raihan Faroqui, Michael Meshreki
Esophageal pneumatosis is a rare condition with diverse potential etiologies including traumatic, mechanical, ischemic, obstructive respiratory, autoimmune, immunodeficient, and infectious causes. Here, we present a case of esophageal pneumatosis in the setting of upper gastrointestinal and small bowel ileus, diagnosed on computed tomography (CT), with acute resolution after nasogastric tube decompression. A patient presented to the emergency department with epigastric discomfort. CT of the abdomen/pelvis demonstrated intramural air in the mid-to-distal esophagus, consistent with esophageal pneumatosis, and diffuse dilatation of the visualized esophagus, stomach, and small bowel, consistent with an ileus...
September 2017: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819577/the-role-of-laparoscopy-in-the-management-of-a-diagnostic-dilemma-jejunal-ectopic-pancreas-developing-into-jejunojejunal-intussusception
#16
Alessio Giordano, Giovanni Alemanno, Carlo Bergamini, Paolo Prosperi, Alessandro Bruscino, Andrea Valeri
Ectopic pancreas (EP) is a rare congenital anomaly defined as the presence of pancreatic tissue in topographic anomaly. It is usually silent but it may become clinically evident when complicated by acute conditions. The development of laparoscopic surgery has changed the way to manage such conditions, especially in the setting of emergency surgery, thanks to its diagnostic and therapeutic role with excellent results. We decided to perform an emergency diagnostic exploratory laparoscopy in a 29-year-old man with an acute abdomen and nonspecific radiological images for intestinal occlusion...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814938/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-in-association-with-abdominal-tuberculosis-an-eye-opener
#17
Shuchi Bhatt, Biswajit Mishra, Anupama Tandon, Smita Manchanda, G Parthsarathy
Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome (SMAS) is a rare clinical entity presenting as acute or chronic upper gastrointestinal obstruction. It occurs due to compression of third part of duodenum between abdominal aorta and overlying superior mesenteric artery caused by a decrease in angle between the two vessels. Rapid loss of retroperitoneal fat, in conditions leading to severe weight loss is the main factor responsible for this disorder. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in association with abdominal tuberculosis has not been reported earlier to the best of our knowledge...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804662/fungal-bezoar-a-rare-cause-of-ureteral-obstruction
#18
Nabil Zeineddine, Wissam Mansour, Sandy El Bitar, Marco Campitelli, Neville Mobarakai
A 52-year-old male, with diabetes mellitus and alcoholic liver disease, presented to the Emergency Room for right flank pain of 3 days' duration, associated with dysuria. Physical examination revealed right flank tenderness with fever and hypotension; laboratory findings showed acute kidney injury and large blood and leucocytes in the urine. A CT abdomen and pelvis showed hydronephrosis of the right collecting system of a horseshoe kidney with air and hyperdense debris in the renal pelvis. Patient was treated for multisensitive Proteus mirabilis emphysematous pyelonephritis, and a right nephrostomy tube was inserted...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764244/a-rare-case-of-intestinal-malrotation-and-volvulus-of-jejunum-with-coexisting-carcinoid-tumour-of-appendix
#19
Priyanka Tiwari, Darshan Patel, Vimal Dhaduk, Prasanna Kumar Reddy, Jainudeen Khalander Abdul Jameel
Malrotation of the midgut is generally regarded as a paediatric pathology. It is rare in adults. Patients may present with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction or chronic abdominal pain. Barium study, Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), diagnostic laparoscopy and sometimes explorative laparotomy are used for diagnosis. Ladd's procedure through the open approach has been the treatment of choice for complete malrotation of midgut, however there are reports on successful outcome for both complete and incomplete malrotation after laparoscopic approach as well...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764241/small-intestinal-lymphangioma-presenting-as-an-acute-abdomen-with-relevant-review-of-literature
#20
Basant Kumar, Ankur Bhatnagar, Vijai Datta Upadhyaya, Ajay Narayan Gangopadhyay
Cystic lymphangioma of small bowel mesentery is rare with clinical features ranging from an asymptomatic abdominal lump to acute intestinal obstruction. We discuss two cases of lymphangioma of small bowel mesentery who presented to us as acute intestinal obstruction. In the first case exploratory laparotomy revealed a large multicystic lesion arising from small bowel mesentery just distal to the duodenojejunal junction having multiple small cysts filled with milky white fluid. The involved region of the bowel was excised...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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