keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obstructive acute abdomen

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901596/multiple-gastrointestinal-metastases-of-squamous-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report
#1
Xinyu Li, Songhe Li, Zhiming Ma, Shutao Zhao, Xudong Wang, Dacheng Wen
RATIONALE: Gastrointestinal multiple metastases of lung cancer are extremely rare. The majority of gastrointestinal metastasis cases are diagnosed at a late stage and the prognosis is extremely poor. This report describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of a patient with gastrointestinal multiple metastases from squamous-cell lung cancer, with special emphasis on the diagnosis and treatment of metastatic lung cancer. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old man who presented with progressive abdominal distention was admitted to our hospital...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888718/surgical-management-of-anorectal-foreign-bodies
#2
H Cinar, M Berkesoglu, M Derebey, E Karadeniz, C Yildirim, K Karabulut, T Kesicioglu, K Erzurumlu
Purpose: Anorectal foreign bodies (AFBs) inserted into anus constitute one of the most important problems needing surgical emergency due to its complications. We describe our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of AFBs retained in the rectosigmoid colon. Materials and Methods: Between the years 2006 and 2015, a total of 11 patients diagnosed with AFBs were admitted to an emergency room and general surgery clinics. They were diagnosed and treated in four different hospitals in four different cities in Turkey...
June 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885174/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-ct-scan-in-small-bowel-obstruction-among-children
#3
Huma Faiz Halepota, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan, Noman Shahzad
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography scan for diagnosing small bowel obstruction among children. METHODS: The retrospective diagnostic test accuracy study was carried out at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of all patients aged 2-16 years who presented with clinical features of small bowel obstruction and underwent computed tomography scan of abdomen from January 2001 to December 2015Data was analyzed using SPSS19...
May 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866226/solitary-cecal-diverticulitis-mimicking-cecal-carcinoma
#4
Ali Ezer, Alper Parlakgumus
Cecal diverticulum is a rare clinical condition which may present as acute abdomen through diverticulitis and perforation of diverticulitis. Surgical treatment of cecal diverticulitis has been controversial, with studies recommending options ranging from conservative management with antibiotics alone to aggressive resection. Two cases, one of which was pre- diagnosed with cecal tumor perforation and the other with cecal tumor leading to intestinal obstruction, were urgently operated. To both patients, right hemicolectomy was applied...
June 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852423/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-presented-with-spontaneous-intraperitoneal-bladder-rupture-a-case-report
#5
Ghazi M Al Edwan, Hammam H Mansi, Omar Nabeeh M Atta, Mazen M Shaban
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous intraperitoneal bladder rupture can present with symptoms of acute abdomen. The associated high mortality rate is attributed to the delay in diagnosis, and the possibility of the presence of a bladder carcinoma contributes to high mortality as well. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of spontaneous intraperitoneal bladder rupture associated with squamous cell carcinoma managed with partial cystectomy. DISCUSSION: The incidence of this condition is (1:126,000) but with high mortality rate...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844216/acute-effects-of-mechanical-insufflation-exsufflation-on-the-breathing-pattern-in-stable-subjects-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#6
Ambra Cesareo, Antonella LoMauro, Marika Santi, Emilia Biffi, Maria G D'Angelo, Andrea Aliverti
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is characterized by progressive degeneration, wasting, and weakness of skeletal musculature, including respiratory muscles. Cough is also compromised with disease progression. Among cough-augmentation techniques, mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) has demonstrated several clinical benefits in patients with chronic airway secretion obstruction and muscular weakness. In clinical practice, the use of MI-E in DMD patients is also suggested when they are stable with no airway infections...
May 29, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796363/chilaiditi-s-sign-associated-with-acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-a-radiological-diagnosis
#7
Taseen Syed, Samid Farooqui, Rutaba Tajammal, Sultan Mahmood, Donald Kastens
Chilaiditi's sign is a rare radiological anomaly of hepato-diaphragmatic interposition of the bowel. We report a case of Chilaiditi's sign associated with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. A 90-year-old male was admitted for hypertensive emergency. His physical examination showed a distended abdomen, decreased bowel sounds, and right upper quadrant tenderness. A chest radiograph demonstrated marked elevation of the right diaphragm and interposition of the hepatic flexure of the colon between the diaphragm and the liver, along with marked gaseous distension up to 9 cm in the ascending colon without any small bowel distension...
March 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780573/volvulus-with-bowel-necrosis-after-laparoscopic-appendectomy-migration-of-clip
#8
Diganta Kakaty, Katharina Mueller, Falk Weippert, Roland Zengaffinen
About 2.8% of patients develop small bowel obstruction, mostly following an open approach appendectomy. CASE REPORT: we present an 18-year-old girl with acute abdomen 10 days following laparoscopic appendectomy. An emergency laparotomy was performed which revealed bowel necrosis and an impacted slipped clip on the mesenterial side of the bowel with signs of bowel strangulation and necrosis. Bowel resection was carried out with primary enteroenteric anastomosis. We suspect the sharp ends of the open clip allowed it to become lodged in the bowel segment resulting in bowel obstruction and subsequent necrosis...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739764/left-sided-omental-infarction-a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain-discovered-by-ct-scan
#9
Jamie L G Nijkamp, Suzanne C Gerretsen, Patricia M Stassen
Omental infarction in adults is a rarely occurring phenomenon, with left-sided omental infarction being even more seldom. The importance of this case report lies in raising awareness of the diagnosis omental infarction as a cause of acute abdomen among doctors who work in the emergency department, in order to prevent unnecessary surgical interventions as conservative treatment generally solves the problem. Omental infarction is the result of vascular obstruction and ends in tissue ischaemia. Because of the rich vasculature of the greater omentum, anastomoses reorganise the vascularisation, which explains the mostly benign course of omental infarction...
May 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713571/superior-vena-cava-obstruction-a-rare-cause-of-recurrent-esophageal-variceal-bleeding
#10
Agazi Gebreselassie, Ahmad Awan, Hamid Yaqoob, Adeyinka Laiyemo
"Downhill" esophageal varices are formed in upper two-thirds of the esophagus as a consequence of a superior vena cava obstruction. We present a case of 55-year-old African-American female with a medical history of multiple comorbidities, including end-stage renal disease, who presented with an upper gastrointestinal bleed and was found to have distended neck veins on physical examination. She gave a history of the insertion of an intravenous central line in her neck area for hemodialysis purposes about six years previously...
February 26, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713348/a-case-of-nongerminomatous-germ-cell-tumor-of-the-pineal-region-risks-and-advantages-of-biopsy-by-endoscopic-approach
#11
Mauro Dobran, Davide Nasi, Fabrizio Mancini, Maurizio Gladi, Massimo Scerrati
A 21-year-old male was admitted to our department with headache and drowsiness. CT scan and MRI revealed acute obstructive hydrocephalus caused by a pineal region mass. The serum and CSF levels of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) were 215 IU/L and 447 IU/L, respectively, while levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were normal. A germ cell tumor (GCT) was suspected, and the patient underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) with biopsy. After four days from surgery, the tumor bled with mass expansion and ETV stoma occlusion; thus, a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was positioned...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644321/delayed-traumatic-parasternal-hernia-causes-jejunal-necrosis-a-case-report
#12
Huimin Zhao, Ru Gao, Donghui Jia, Aiming Li
Diaphragmatic injury is a common clinical condition, and it may be difficult to avoid diaphragmatic hernia if detection and treatment is not timely. Parasternal hernia is mostly congenital. It is relatively rare in adults, and intestinal obstruction as a complication of intrathoracic intestinal herniation occurs only rarely. We treated a patient in whom parasternal hernia occurred 2 years after thoracic injuries. We present the plain radiography and computed tomography findings of this adult patient with acute abdomen symptoms caused by parasternal hernia...
June 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627774/acute-lower-limb-ischaemia-secondary-to-intestinal-occlusion
#13
Francois-Charles Malo, Philippe Acar, Véronique Lapie, Valérie Bédard
In general, acute lower limb ischaemia is caused by embolic, thrombotic or traumatic phenomena. Here, we describe the case of a 67-year-old woman in an emergency room setting who was initially assessed for paralysis and numbness of her lower left limb. On physical examination, the abdomen was distended and non-compressible. An abdominal AngioScan showed complete occlusion of the left iliac artery by extrinsic compression of the dilated small intestine. After a review of the literature, no case was found describing a lower limb ischaemia by extrinsic vascular compression secondary to a compartment syndrome caused by small bowel obstruction...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607272/a-masquerading-and-unconventional-cause-of-dynamic-intestinal-obstruction-strangulated-obturator-hernia
#14
Aneesh Suresh, Sakthivel Chinnakkulam Kandhasamy, Ashok Kumar Sahoo, Anandhi Amaranathan, N R Vishnu Prasad
Obturator hernia is an extremely rare type of abdominal wall hernia occurring mostly in elderly, thin females. It is characterized by the herniation of intra-abdominal contents through the obturator foramen. Symptoms are often nonspecific, and the patient usually presents with an acute or subacute intestinal obstruction. A high index of suspicion is needed in such females presenting with abdominal distention and positive Howship-Romberg signs. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis are often necessary to arrive at a diagnosis, and immediate surgical intervention is recommended...
January 29, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581691/transmural-migration-of-gossypiboma-a-rare-cause-of-acute-abdomen
#15
Himanshu Agrawal, Nikhil Gupta, Umesh Krishengowda, Arun Kumar Gupta, Dipankar Naskar, C K Durga
Gossypiboma is the retained foreign body which is generally a cotton sponge/gauze after surgery. Incidence of gossypiboma is around one in 3000 to 5000 surgeries. This low incidence is mainly attributed to a low case reporting due to an associated medicolegal aspect. We are reporting a case of a 38 years old male, who presented with signs and symptoms of peritonitis. The patient had a history of open cholecystectomy 2 years back. A working diagnosis of perforation peritonitis was made, and the patient underwent exploratory laparotomy...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557350/acute-presentation-of-koch-s-abdomen-in-children-our-experience
#16
Basant Kumar, Vijai Dutta Upadhyaya, Sandeep Kumar Rahul, Laxmi Kant Bharti, Ram Nawal Rao, Sheo Kumar
Background: To analyse our experience with acute presentations of abdominal tuberculosis (TB) in children for early diagnosis and management. Materials and Methods: From December 2010 to April 2016, available electronic and operation theatre (OT) records of 17 patients with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal TB were analysed retrospectively. Parameters reviewed were age, sex, presentations, diagnostic investigations, surgery/intervention performed, final outcome and follow-up...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544236/-rare-clinical-case-of-a-small-intestine-ileus-following-an-invaginated-meckel-s-diverticulum
#17
Claudia Schadow, Hanna Schmidt, Alexander Schorcht, Frank Meyer
MEDICAL HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS:  A 43-year old male patient was admitted because of diffuse abdominal discomfort for two days, which had started in the upper abdomen; medical history, no previous surgical interventions at the abdomen. INVESTIGATIONS:  Gastroscopy and abdominal ultrasound revealed only a mild gastritis. Laboratory parameters: showed only a slight leucocytosis (10 610/µL). On the 1st day of the hospital stay, the patient developed a worsening of the abdominal symptoms with distended abdomen, sounding bowel movements and recurrent vomiting, which were interpreted as acute abdomen by the surgeon on call leading to the indication of a surgical intervention...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533199/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-and-other-eosinophilic-gut-diseases-distal-to-the-oesophagus
#18
REVIEW
Marjorie M Walker, Michael Potter, Nicholas J Talley
Under normal physiological conditions, eosinophils are present throughout the gastrointestinal tract distal to the squamous oesophagus. Increases in their numbers signify primary and secondary eosinophilic conditions. The rare primary eosinophilic diseases eosinophilic gastroenteritis and eosinophilic colitis affect fewer than ten in 100 000 people, and are characterised by numerous mucosal eosinophils, distributed in sheets and sometimes extending from the mucosa into the submucosa. Pathogenesis of these diseases is poorly understood, but food allergies and intestinal dysbiosis have been implicated...
April 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380515/acute-hemodialysis-in-a-young-man-with-severe-symptomatic-hyponatremia-and-kidney-injury
#19
Catherine Courteau, Alex Al Khoury, Rene P Michel, Catherine L Weber
A 35-year-old man presented with severe hypo-osmolar hyponatremia (serum sodium 99 mmol/L), profound nonoliguric renal failure (serum creatinine 1240 μmol/L), and nephrotic range proteinuria. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed nephromegaly and no obstruction. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and conventional hemodialysis was initiated. To avoid rapid sodium correction, we prescribed concurrent dialysate flow, a low dialysate sodium concentration, a small surface area dialyzer, and a low blood flow rate...
January 30, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335010/acute-intestinal-obstruction-due-to-extrinsic-compression-by-previa-myoma-and-ectopic-pregnancy-a-case-report
#20
Harissou Adamou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Souleymane Oumarou Garba, Oumarou Habou
BACKGROUND: Acute intestinal obstruction during pregnancy is a rare digestive surgical emergency with significant maternal and fetal mortality. Diagnosis is difficult, often delaying the management. Here, we report an exceptional association of mechanical acute intestinal obstruction due to compression by previa uterine leiomyoma, and a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: This is the case report of a 43-year-old primiparous black woman from a rural area, who was admitted to the surgical emergency department for acute intestinal obstruction...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
keyword
keyword
84588
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"