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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454228/obturator-internus-muscle-abscess-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#1
Akinori Maeda, Isaku Saku, Shotaro Kanda, Kazuo Saita, Toru Akiyama
INTRODUCTION: Obturator internus muscle (OIM) abscess is a rare condition, usually affecting children after trauma or muscular effort. Blood cultures always yield positive findings, with Staphylococcus aureus being the most common culprit. There are few reports in adults. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of OIM abscess in an adult. A 24-year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of right hip pain and fever. He was diagnosed with OIM abscess, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was detected on bacterial examination...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452306/boundaries-between-familial-mediterranean-fever-and-juvenile-spondyloarthritis-analysis-of-three-french-retrospective-cohorts
#2
Bilade Cherqaoui, Linda Rossi-Semerano, Sophie Georgin-Lavialle, Perrine Dusser, Caroline Galeotti, Maryam Piram, Véronique Hentgen, Isabelle Touitou, Isabelle Koné-Paut
OBJECTIVES: Children with Familial Mediterranean fever may suffer from musculoskeletal involvement, somewhat difficult to distinguish from juvenile spondyloarthritis. The association of these two diseases has been scarcely reported in children. Objectives of this work were to define the association of familial Mediterranean fever and juvenile spondyloarthritis in France. METHODS: Three cohorts of children with familial Mediterranean fever, juvenile spondyloarthritis, familial Mediterranean fever related juvenile spondyloarthritis, were retrospectively identified in the French reference center of auto-inflammatory diseases...
February 13, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450637/canakinumab-treatment-in-children-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-report-from-a-single-center
#3
Fatma Yazılıtaş, Özlem Aydoğ, Sare Gülfem Özlü, Evrim Kargın Çakıcı, Tülin Güngör, Fehime Kara Eroğlu, Gökçe Gür, Mehmet Bülbül
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), the most common hereditary autoinflammatory disorder is characterized by recurrent episodes of fever, serositis, arthritis. The major long-term result is amyloidosis. Colchicine remains the principle of the treatment; it not only prevents the acute attacks but also prevents the long-term complications such as amyloidosis; 5-10% of the patients are unresponsive to treatment. Recently new therapeutic options as anti-interleukin 1 agents are successfully used for the patients who do not respond to colchicine treatment...
February 15, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446842/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-outpatient-acquired-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-children-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#4
Laura J Wozniak, Hannah M Bechtold, Laurie E Reyen, Alvin P Chan, Elizabeth A Marcus, Jorge H Vargas
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the epidemiology and risk factors for the development of outpatient-acquired catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in children receiving home parenteral nutrition. This study aimed to (1) characterize the incidence, clinical presentation, and epidemiology of CRBSIs and (2) identify risk factors for CRBSIs in children receiving home parenteral nutrition. METHODS: A longitudinal database approved by our Institutional Review Board was created to prospectively track CRBSIs in the UCLA pediatric population from January to December 2012...
February 15, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446580/is-there-any-difference-between-the-symptomatology-and-clinical-findings-of-viral-agents-causing-dehydration
#5
Suat Biçer, Defne Çöl, Öznur Küçük, Gülay Ç Erdağ, Tuba Giray, Meltem Uğraş, Ayça Vitrinel, Çiğdem Kaspar
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis is responsible for dehydration in many children. The viruses like rotavirus, norovirus, and adenovirus are considered the main causative agents of gastroenteritis. The goal of this study is the evaluation of the symptoms, clinical findings and hospitalization requirements in pediatric patients with dehydration secondary to viral gastroenteritis. METHODS: The distribution of age, symptoms, clinical and laboratory findings and hospitalization requirements of 156 viral acute gastroenteritis patients with moderate dehydration were evaluated retrospectively...
April 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444257/comparison-of-strategies-and-incidence-thresholds-for-vi-conjugate-vaccines-against-typhoid-fever-a-cost-effectiveness-modeling-study
#6
Nathan C Lo, Ribhav Gupta, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Denise O Garrett, Isaac I Bogoch, Stephen P Luby, Jason R Andrews
Background: Typhoid fever remains a major public health problem globally. While new Vi conjugate vaccines hold promise for averting disease, the optimal programmatic delivery remains unclear. We aimed to identify the strategies and associated epidemiologic conditions under which Vi conjugate vaccines would be cost-effective. Methods: We developed a dynamic, age-structured transmission and cost-effectiveness model that simulated multiple vaccination strategies with a typhoid Vi conjugate vaccine from a societal perspective...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443773/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-associated-with-acute-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-a-case-report
#7
Xiaotang Cai, Hui Zhou, Yongmei Xie, Dan Yu, Zhiling Wang, Haitao Ren
RATIONALE: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis has been recognized as the most frequent autoimmune encephalitis in children. Several infectious agents have been implicated in anti-NMDA encephalitis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A previously healthy immunocompetent 9-year-old girl first presented with seizures, headaches and vomiting. Cerebrospinal fluid and brain magnetic resonance imaging were normal. After one week onset, the patient gradually developed unexplained personality and behavior changes, accompanied by fever and seizures again...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443752/the-first-case-report-of-enterococcus-gallinarum-meningitis-in-neonate-a-literature-review
#8
Xiaoquan Li, Shujuan Fan, Xiaojie Lin, Li Liu, Jie Zheng, Xihui Zhou, Axel Heep
RATIONALE: Enterococcus gallinarum meningitis (EGM) is rarely found in normal adults and even rarer in children. To our knowledge, EGM in neonate has not been reported previously. PATIENTS CONCERNS: Here we reported the first case of EGM in neonate. Prolonged fever was the only manifestation for the case after admission. DIAGNOSES: Cerebrospinal fluid cultures showed that the isolate was Enterococcus gallinarum and sensitive to linezolid. INTERVENTIONS: Ceftriaxone, beta lactam type, and vancomycin were used respectively, but not effective...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442387/scabies-is-strongly-associated-with-acute-rheumatic-fever-in-a-cohort-study-of-auckland-children
#9
Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Paul Jarrett, Gerhard Sundborn, Edwin Reynolds, Grant Schofield
AIM: This study sought to determine whether scabies infection is associated with acute rheumatic fever (ARF) or chronic rheumatic heart disease (CRHD). METHODS: A cohort study was undertaken using health records of children aged 3-12 years attending an oral health service for the first time. Subjects were then linked to hospital diagnoses of scabies and ARF or CRHD. RESULTS: A total of 213 957 children free of rheumatic heart disease at baseline were available for analysis...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441284/infected-renal-hematoma-in-a-healthy-adolescent-with-no-renal-structural-anomaly
#10
Sabrina Huq, Sherry Pejka, Dilip R Patel
Renal abscesses are uncommon in otherwise healthy children and adolescents who have no underlying renal structural anomalies. A previously healthy, immunocompetent, 14-year-old male without a history of abdominal trauma or urinary tract infection (UTI) was found to have a renal hematoma that became infected and developed into a renal abscess. He presented with a 2-day history of nausea, vomiting, fever and 1-day history of abdominal pain that radiated to the right flank. Clinical examination, blood work, and initial imaging indicated likely infection; however, findings were normal on urinalysis and urine culture had no growth...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440832/q-fever-endocarditis-after-right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery-conduit-insertion-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Sundos A Alhadhoud, Mariappa Thinakar Vel, Mustafa Al Qbandi
Q fever (QF) is rarely reported in children. Awareness of the disease and newer diagnostic modalities have resulted in increasing recognition of unusual manifestations. We present three cases of QF endocarditis after right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit insertion in children.
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436729/adverse-events-linked-with-the-use-of-chimeric-and-humanized-anti-cd20-antibodies-in-children-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#12
Alice Bonanni, Marta Calatroni, Matteo D'Alessandro, Sara Signa, Enrica Bertelli, Michela Cioni, Eddi Di Marco, Roberto Biassoni, Gianluca Caridi, Giulia Ingrasciotta, Roberta Bertelli, Armando Di Donato, Maurizio Bruschi, Alberto Canepa, Giorgio Piaggio, Pietro Ravani, Gian Marco Ghiggeri
AIMS: Anti-CD20 antibodies are increasingly being used to treat idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) in children. While they may allow steroid and calcineurin-inhibitor withdrawal, repeated infusions of anti-CD20 antibodies are often required to maintain remission. Data on their potential toxicity in INS are needed to consider repeated infusions. METHODS: We reported data on side effects related to the use of rituximab (a chimeric anti-body; 130 pts) and ofatumumab (a humanized anti-body; 37 pts) in children with INS (steroid-dependent and steroid/calcineurin-inhibitor dependent disease) treated in a national referral center during a 9-year period (400 treatments; follow-up 1-9 years)...
February 13, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432657/clinical-profile-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacterial-isolates-and-factors-associated-with-complications-in-culture-proven-typhoid-patients-admitted-to-an-urban-hospital-in-bangladesh
#13
Halima Khatun, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Syed Aminul Islam, Baitun Nahar, Md Nur Haque Alam, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Typhoid fever is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in typhoid endemic countries like Bangladesh. However, data on the clinical and microbiological profile as well as factors associated with complications of typhoid in Bangladesh are scarce. We intended to characterize the clinical and microbiological profile of culture-proven typhoid fever and to identify factors associated with complications. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective analysis of clinical data from 431 patients with culture-confirmed typhoid fever admitted to Dhaka hospital of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, between January 2010 and December 2014...
February 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432526/a-smartphone-driven-thermometer-application-for-real-time-population-and-individual-level-influenza-surveillance
#14
Aaron C Miller, Inder Singh, Erin Koehler, Philip M Polgreen
Background: Smartphone-based sensors may enable real-time surveillance of infectious diseases at population and household levels. This study evaluates the use of data from commercially available 'smart thermometers,' connected to a mobile phone application, for the surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI). Methods: At a population level, we analyze the correlation between thermometer recordings (total readings and fevers) and CDC-reported ILI activity nationally and by age group and region...
February 8, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432248/neurologic-complications-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#15
Mark S Wainwright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: All critical care is directed at maintaining brain health, but recognizing neurologic complications of critical illness in children is difficult, and limited data exist to guide practice. This article discusses an approach to the recognition and management of seizures, stroke, and cardiac arrest as complications of other critical illnesses in the pediatric intensive care unit. RECENT FINDINGS: Convulsive and nonconvulsive seizures occur frequently in children after cardiac arrest or traumatic brain injury and during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428924/impact-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-on-growth-non-diarrheal-morbidity-and-mortality-in-children-residing-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
Tarun Gera, Dheeraj Shah, Harshpal Singh Sachdev
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions in children (age <18 y) on growth, non-diarrheal morbidity and mortality in children. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials and controlled before-after studies. SETTING: Low- and middle-income countries. PARTICIPANTS: 41 trials with WASH intervention, incorporating data on 113055 children...
February 9, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428460/severe-hantavirus-disease-in-children
#17
Tamara K Dzagurova, Evgeniy A Tkachenko, Aydar A Ishmukhametov, Mariya V Balovneva, Boris Klempa, Detlev H Kruger
BACKGROUND: Very recently, a novel European hantavirus, Sochi virus, has been discovered which causes severe courses of hantavirus disease with a case fatality rate of about 15 percent. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study to which extent and with which clinical severity children were affected by Sochi virus infection. STUDY DESIGN: Sochi virus infection of patients was confirmed by molecular, serological, and epizoonotic studies. Clinical and laboratory parameters were analyzed for the age group of up to 15 years (n = 6) in comparison to all older patients (n = 56)...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426283/the-association-between-oxidative-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-early-childhood-patients-with-kawasaki-disease
#18
Takamichi Ishikawa, Keigo Seki
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has recently been shown to play an important role in the development of arteriosclerosis in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD); however, no study has investigated this association in early childhood patients with KD. In this study, we evaluated prospectively the association between the levels of oxidative stress and the endothelial function in early childhood patients with KD. METHODS: We compared the derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM), flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), and biological characteristics in a population of 50 children: 10 patients with KD and coronary artery lesions (CAL) (group 1), 15 KD patients without CAL (group 2), and 25 healthy age- and sex-matched children (group 3)...
February 9, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425194/evaluation-of-the-who-2009-classification-for-diagnosis-of-acute-dengue-in-a-large-cohort-of-adults-and-children-in-sri-lanka-during-a-dengue-1-epidemic
#19
Champica K Bodinayake, L Gayani Tillekeratne, Ajith Nagahawatte, Vasantha Devasiri, Wasantha Kodikara Arachchi, John J Strouse, October M Sessions, Ruvini Kurukulasooriya, Anna Uehara, Shiqin Howe, Xin Mei Ong, Sharon Tan, Angelia Chow, Praveen Tummalapalli, Aruna D De Silva, Truls Østbye, Christopher W Woods, Duane J Gubler, Megan E Reller
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a leading cause of fever and mimics other acute febrile illnesses (AFI). In 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) revised criteria for clinical diagnosis of dengue. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The new WHO 2009 classification of dengue divides suspected cases into three categories: dengue without warning signs, dengue with warning signs and severe dengue. We evaluated the WHO 2009 classification vs physicians' subjective clinical diagnosis (gestalt clinical impression) in a large cohort of patients presenting to a tertiary care center in southern Sri Lanka hospitalized with acute febrile illness...
February 9, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424432/human-metapneumovirus-in-hospitalized-children-less-than-five-years-of-age-in-pakistan
#20
Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Romesa Ibrahim, Rozina Thobani, Fatima Aziz, Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is the second leading cause of death in children less than five years of age worldwide. Human Metapneumovirus (hMPV) is associated with around 5-7% of the total pneumonia admissions in children. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of hMPV associated hospitalizations among children, in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: A three years prospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), from August 2009 to June 2012...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
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