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Fever in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906263/maternal-peripartum-serum-ddt-e-and-urinary-pyrethroid-metabolite-concentrations-and-child-infections-at-2-years-in-the-vhembe-birth-cohort
#1
Jonathan Huang, Brenda Eskenazi, Riana Bornman, Stephen Rauch, Jonathan Chevrier
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) of insecticides, conducted in low- and middle-income countries to control malaria, may result in high exposure to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), its breakdown product dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), or pyrethroids. Animal studies suggest in utero exposure to these chemicals may increase childhood infection frequency. OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations between maternal DDT/E and pyrethroid metabolite concentration and child infection associations in an IRS setting in which susceptibility factors are common and infections are leading causes of child morbidity and mortality...
June 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905617/impact-of-clinical-guidelines-on-revisits-after-ambulatory-pediatric-adenotonsillectomy
#2
Helen H Lee, Nicholas M Dalesio, Anthony T Lo Sasso, William C Van Cleve
BACKGROUND: Pediatric adenotonsillectomies are common and carry known risks of potentially severe complications. Complications that require a revisit, to either the emergency department or hospital readmission, increase costs and may be tied to lower reimbursements by federal programs. In 2011 and 2012, recommendations by pediatric and surgical organizations regarding selection of candidates for ambulatory procedures were issued. We hypothesized that guideline-associated changes in practice patterns would lower the odds of revisits...
June 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900588/a-multicenter-cohort-analysis-of-post-endoscopy-complications-in-children-undergoing-elective-outpatient-diagnostic-procedures
#3
Thomas M Attard, Mikaela Miller, Brian Lee, Thomas W Champion, Mike Thomson
BACKGROUND: Increased access to endoscopic procedures have entrenched these investigative tools in routine pediatric gastroenterology practice. Patient outcomes following endoscopy therefore are topical in the decision toward endoscopy. We studied the likelihood and patient characteristics of children admitted following ambulatory endoscopy. METHODS: Hospitalization data was obtained from the Pediatric Hospital Information System including 49 tertiary children's hospitals in the US...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895758/burden-of-common-childhood-diseases-in-relation-to-improved-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-wash-among-nigerian-children
#4
Zhifei He, Ghose Bishwajit, Dongsheng Zou, Sanni Yaya, Zhaohui Cheng, Yan Zhou
Having access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) facilities constitute a key component of healthy living and quality of life. Prolonged exposure to insanitary living conditions can significantly enhance the burden of infectious diseases among children and affect nutritional status and growth. In this study we examined the prevalence of some common infectious diseases/disease symptoms of childhood among under-five children in Nigeria, and the association between the occurrence of these diseases with household’s access to WASH facilities...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895163/evidence-of-hepatitis-a-virus-infection-in-the-patients-with-acute-encephalitis-syndrome-in-gorakhpur-region-north-india
#5
M S Joshi, B V Tandale, M M Gore, S Bhalla, Y K Gurav, G N Sapkal, K P Kushwaha A, S D Chitambar
The etiological agent remained unidentified in a large number of patients hospitalized for acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) in 2008-2009 in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, north India. All patients were found to present with fever and altered sensorium, while 28%, 19% and 13% showed hepatomegaly, splenomegaly and meningeal signs, respectively. Involvement mostly of children with abnormal hepatic features prompted us to undertake an exploratory study on viral hepatitis A to determine its association, if any, with hepatic derangements...
2018: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894797/diagnosis-and-outcomes-of-pregnant-women-with-zika-virus-infection-in-two-municipalities-of-risaralda-colombia-second-report-of-the-zikerncol-study
#6
Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Valeria Ramirez-Jaramillo, Javier A Gaviria, Gloria María González-Moreno, Juan D Castrillón-Spitia, Alejandra López-Villegas, Estefania Morales-Jiménez, Valentina Ramírez-Zapata, German Eduardo Rueda-Merchán, Adriana M Trujillo, Fredy A Tabares-Villa, Valentina Henao-SanMartin, David R Murillo-Garcia, Johana Andrea Herrera-Soto, Marta Liliana Buitrago-Cañas, Matthew H Collins, Juan Carlos Sepúlveda-Arias, José J Londoño, Héctor D Bedoya-Rendón, Javier de Jesús Cárdenas-Pérez, Sandra X Olaya, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has emerged as a significant threat for pregnant women and newborns in populations living in or visiting Latin America. We previously reported a preliminary analysis in Sucre, Colombia, as the first group of pregnant women with RT-PCR-confirmed ZIKV (ZIKa enEmbarazadas yReciénNacidos enCOLombia, ZIKERNCOL). METHODS: In this second report, findings of the first 86 pregnant women from La Virginia and Dosquebradas (municipalities), Risaralda, Colombia, with RT-PCR-confirmed ZIKV infection are reported...
June 9, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891404/influenza-associated-neurological-complications-during-2014-2017-in-taiwan
#7
Li-Wen Chen, Chao-Ku Teng, Yi-Shan Tsai, Jieh-Neng Wang, Yi-Fang Tu, Ching-Fen Shen, Ching-Chuan Liu
INTRODUCTION: Seasonal influenza-associated neurological complications had high mortality and morbidity rates in recent studies. We reported influenza-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy in children during 2014-2017 in Taiwan, focusing on neurological presentations, neuroimaging correlations, and critical care managements. MATERIALS/SUBJECTS: During January 1st 2014 to June 30th 2017, pediatric patients reported to the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control surveillance system for severe complicated influenza infections in the hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
June 8, 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891004/treatable-causes-of-fever-among-children-under-five-years-in-a-seasonal-malaria-transmission-area-in-burkina-faso
#8
Francois Kiemde, Marc Christian Tahita, Palpouguini Lompo, Toussaint Rouamba, Athanase M Some, Halidou Tinto, Petra F Mens, Henk D F H Schallig, Michael Boele van Hensbroek
BACKGROUND: Fever remains a major public health problem. In Burkina Faso, more than half of febrile children are considered not to be infected by malaria. This study prospectively assessed probable (treatable) causes of fever in Burkinabe children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted among febrile children (≥37.5 °C) under 5 years of age presenting at four health facilities and one referral hospital in rural Burkina Faso. From each participant, blood was collected for malaria microscopy and culture, urine for dipstick testing and culturing if tested positive for leucocytes and nitrite, stool for rotavirus/adenovirus testing, culture and parasitology, and a nasopharyngeal swab for culture...
May 31, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889810/pathogen-clearance-and-new-respiratory-tract-infections-among-febrile-children-in-zanzibar-investigated-with-multitargeting-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-on-paired-nasopharyngeal-swab-samples
#9
Kristina Elfving, Deler Shakely, Maria Andersson, Kimberly Baltzell, Mwinyi I Msellem, Anders Björkman, Andreas Mårtensson, Max Petzold, Birger Trollfors, Magnus Lindh
BACKGROUND: New molecular methods have revealed frequent and often polymicrobial respiratory infections in children in low-income settings. It is not known whether presence of multiple pathogens is due to prolonged infections or to frequent exposure. The aim of this study was to analyze short-term pathogen clearance from nasopharynx and the rate of new respiratory tract infections in febrile preschool children. METHODS: Children (n = 207) with uncomplicated acute febrile illness 2-59 months of age presenting to a health center in Zanzibar, Tanzania, April-July 2011, were included...
July 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887216/typhoid-fever-causing-haemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-a-non-endemic-country-first-case-report-and-review-of-the-current-literature
#10
Paula Sánchez-Moreno, Peter Olbrich, Lola Falcón-Neyra, Jose Manuel Lucena, Javier Aznar, Olaf Neth
INTRODUCTION: Development of secondary haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) in the context of typhoid fever (TF) is a very rare but serious complication. METHODS: Description of the first pediatric case of typhoid fever acquired in a non-endemic area complicated by sHLH. A systematic literature review of sHLH in the context of TF was performed with extraction of epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data. RESULTS: The literature search revealed 17 articles (22 patients)...
June 7, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886891/-gastric-perforation-in-a-two-year-old-girl
#11
Vinni Faber Rasmussen, Iben Møller Jønsson, Henriette Lassen Schaumburg
Gastric perforation is a life-threatening condition and is rarely seen in children. In this case report a two-year-old girl with a two-day history of fever and severe abdominal pain was evaluated in an emergency department. When she was four months old, she had surgery for malrotation. On examination the abdomen was distended, and her condition deteriorated rapidly with signs of shock. A computerised axial tomography scan revealed pneumoperitoneum, and intraoperative findings proved gastric perforation. Surgery was successful...
June 11, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886856/post-immunisation-fever-and-the-antibody-response-to-measles-containing-vaccines
#12
S Carazo Perez, A Bureau, G De Serres
Fever is a common adverse event following measles vaccination, more frequent among older children and those receiving Measles-Mumps-Rubella-Varicella vaccine vs. Measles-Mumps-Rubella vaccine, two factors associated with a better antibody response. However, the role of fever in the immunogenicity of measles-containing vaccines (MCV) is unclear. We performed a post-hoc pooled analysis of data of 5 216 11 to 22 month-old children receiving MCV from 2004 to 2012 in Europe and USA to evaluate the association between post-immunisation fever and antibody response, measured by geometric mean concentrations (GMCs)...
June 11, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884160/community-based-training-of-medical-students-is-associated-with-malaria-prevention-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-for-children-under-5-years-in-uganda-a-study-of-mesau-mepi-cobers-in-uganda
#13
James Henry Obol, Peter Akera, Pamela Atim Ochola, Wilfred Arubaku, Hussein Oria, Kenneth Luryama Moi, Denis Anywar Arony, Kaducu Felix
BACKGROUND: Four university medical training institutions in Uganda have trained students at off-site health facilities under community-based education and Research Service (COBERS) programme for over 5 years. One of the major components of COBERS placement is for the students to provide health education in the communities about malaria as a major public health disease in Uganda. This study seeks to assess if targeted community-based medical education programme is associated with better prevention and treatment seeking behaviours in the management of malaria, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality of children under five in Uganda...
June 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879425/impact-of-a-h1n1-influenza-in-children-at-a-brazilian-university-hospital
#14
Gabriela Fontanella Biondo, João Carlos Santana, Patrícia M Lago, Jefferson Piva, Paulo Ricardo A Souza, Joana Genz Gaulke, Juliana M Sebben
BACKGROUND: A/H1N1 influenza is a viral disease that affects a significant part of the population mainly in winter, leading to increased number of medical consultations, hospitalizations and consequently care spending in emergency. METHODS: This is a case-series retrospective study, involving patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in southern Brazil in 2016 with a clinical diagnosis of acute respiratory infection of the influenza type and laboratory confirmation of influenza A/H1N1...
June 4, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879065/obstructive-bronchitis-and-recurrent-pneumonia-in-esophageal-achalasia-in-a-child-a-care-compliant-case-report
#15
Alexandr Evgen'evich Mashkov, Dmitrii Anatolèvich Pykchteev, Alexandr Viktorovic Sigachev, Andrei Viktorovich Bobylev, Johannes Michael Mayr
RATIONALE: Esophageal achalasia is characterized by impaired relaxation of the cardia and dilation of the intrathoracic part of the esophagus. We describe the late presentation of achalasia in an 11-year old girl. PATIENT CONCERNS: She suffered from recurrent pneumonia, obstructive bronchitis, and problems with swallowing solid food. Her family noted a wet pillow in the morning. DIAGNOSES: This case report describes the typical symptoms of achalasia in children in order to facilitate earlier diagnosis of this rare disease...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879013/capillary-leak-syndrome-and-aseptic-meningitis-in-a-patient-with-kawasaki-disease-a-case-report
#16
Yufeng Zhang, Han Wan, Maosheng Du, Huiling Deng, Jia Fu, Yu Zhang, Xiaoyan Wang, Ruiqing Liu
RATIONALE: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis of childhood, coronary complications are the most serious and classic complications of this disease. However, simultaneous complications such as systemic capillary leak syndrome (CLS) and aseptic meningitis are rarely reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 19-month-old boy had continuous fever for 6 days, rash for 3 days, and somnolence for 1 day. DIAGNOSES: The boy was diagnosed with KD presenting with SCLS and aseptic meningitis...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875956/macrophage-activation-syndrome-associated-with-griscelli-syndrome-type-2-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Zakia Sefsafi, Brahim El Hasbaoui, Amina Kili, Aomar Agadr, Mohammed Khattab
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a severe and potentially fatal life-threatening condition associated with excessive activation and expansion of T cells with macrophages and a high expression of cytokines, resulting in an uncontrolled inflammatory response, with high levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor and causing multiorgan damage. This syndrome is classified into primary (genetic/familial) or secondary forms to several etiologies, such as infections, neoplasias mainly hemopathies or autoimmune diseases...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875953/enteric-pathogens-and-associated-risk-factors-among-under-five-children-with-and-without-diarrhea-in-wegera-district-northwestern-ethiopia
#18
Hailemariam Feleke, Girmay Medhin, Almaz Abebe, Birhan Beyene, Helmut Kloos, Daniel Asrat
Introduction: Childhood diarrhea is highly prevalent in slums in developing countries, but it remains understudied. The objectives of this study were to explore the prevalence of Giardia , rotavirus and bacterial enteropathogens among diarrheic and non-diarrheic children and investigate socio-environmental determinants of diarrhea in two Ethiopian towns. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June to October 2016. Prevalence of childhood diarrhea was established using information gathered during interviews with mothers/guardians...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875926/-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-among-children-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso-the-results-of-treatment-according-to-the-protocol-of-the-franco-african-pediatric-oncology-group-2005
#19
Sonia Douamba, Fatimata Diallo, Kisito Nagalo, Laure Tamini, Lassina Dao, Fla Kouéta, Diarra Yé
Introduction: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is being diagnosed in an increasing number of children in our Department. In the developed countries, the treatment of this hematologic malignancy can cure almost 80% of children. In developing countries, few studies focus on acute leukemias in children. The results of cancer treatments in children are disappointing in most African countries, with a survival rate of 10-15%. This study aimed to investigate the clinical, biological, therapeutic and evolutionary features of ALL in children...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875906/-awareness-and-attitudes-of-50-congolese-families-affected-by-sickle-cell-disease-a-local-survey
#20
Benoît Mbiya Mukinayi, Didier Kalombo Kalenda, Stéphanie Mbelu, Béatrice Gulbis
Introduction: Sickle cell disease is a very common disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, but it is poorly known despite having an impact on the morbi-mortality. Our study aimed to evaluate the extent of awareness and attitudes of families affected by sickle cell disease as well as the impact of this disease in their daily lives. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of a unique non-random sampling from 50 families affected by sickle cell disease in Mbujimayi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, from 15 June to 15 August 2015...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
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