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Heat acclimation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920782/acclimation-of-biochemical-and-diffusive-components-of-photosynthesis-in-rice-wheat-and-maize-to-heat-and-water-deficit-implications-for-modeling-photosynthesis
#1
Juan A Perdomo, Elizabete Carmo-Silva, Carmen Hermida-Carrera, Jaume Flexas, Jeroni Galmés
The impact of the combined effects of heat stress, increased vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and water deficit on the physiology of major crops needs to be better understood to help identifying the expected negative consequences of climate change and heat waves on global agricultural productivity. To address this issue, rice, wheat, and maize plants were grown under control temperature (CT, 25°C, VPD 1.8 kPa), and a high temperature (HT, 38°C, VPD 3.5 kPa), both under well-watered (WW) and water deficit (WD) conditions...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903515/passive-heat-acclimation-improves-skeletal-muscle-contractility-in-humans
#2
Sebastien Racinais, Mathew G Wilson, Julien D Périard
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of repeated passive heat exposure (i.e. acclimation) on muscle contractility in humans. Fourteen non-heat acclimated males completed two trials including electrically evoked twitches and voluntary contractions in thermoneutral conditions (COOL: 24ºC, 40% RH) and hot ambient conditions in the hyperthermic state (HOT: 44-50ºC, 50% RH) on consecutive days in a counterbalanced order. Rectal temperature was ~36.5ºC in COOL and was maintained at ~39ºC throughout HOT...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903513/the-maximum-heart-rate-in-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-fario-is-not-limited-by-firing-rate-of-pacemaker-cells
#3
Jaakko Haverinen, Denis V Abramochkin, Andre Kamkin, Matti Vornanen
Temperature-induced changes in cardiac output (Q) in fish are largely dependent on thermal modulation of heart rate (fH) and at high temperatures Q collapses due to heat-dependent depression of fH This study tests the hypothesis that firing rate of sinoatrial pacemaker cells sets the upper thermal limit of fH in vivo. To this end temperature-dependence of action potential (AP) frequency of enzymatically isolated pacemaker cells (pacemaker rate, fPM), spontaneous beating rate of isolated sinoatrial preparations (fSA) and in vivo heart rate (fH) of the cold-acclimated (4°C) brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) were compared under acute thermal challenges...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894884/modulation-of-the-heat-shock-response-is-associated-with-acclimation-to-novel-temperatures-but-not-adaptation-to-climatic-variation-in-the-ants-aphaenogaster-picea-and-a-rudis
#4
Sara Helms Cahan, Andrew D Nguyen, John Stanton-Geddes, Clint A Penick, Yainna Hernáiz-Hernández, Bernice B DeMarco, Nicholas J Gotelli
Ecological diversification into thermally divergent habitats can push species toward their physiological limits, requiring them to accommodate temperature extremes through plastic or evolutionary changes that increase persistence under the local thermal regime. One way to withstand thermal stress is to increase production of heat shock proteins, either by maintaining higher baseline abundance within cells or by increasing the magnitude of induction in response to heat stress. We evaluated whether environmental variation was associated with expression of three heat shock protein genes in two closely-related species of woodland ant, Aphaenogaster picea and A...
November 25, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894882/comparing-biomarker-responses-during-thermal-acclimation-a-lethal-vs-non-lethal-approach-in-a-tropical-reef-clownfish
#5
Carolina Madeira, Diana Madeira, Mário S Diniz, Henrique N Cabral, Catarina Vinagre
Knowledge of thermal stress biology for most tropical fish species in reef ecosystems under climate change is still quite limited. Thus, the objective of this study was to measure the time-course changes of thermal stress biomarkers in the commercially exploited coral reef fish Amphiprion ocellaris, during a laboratory simulated event of increased temperature. Heat shock protein 70kDa (Hsp70) and total ubiquitin (Ub) were determined in the muscle (lethal method) and in the fin (non-lethal alternative method) under two temperature treatments (control - 26°C and elevated temperature - 30°C) throughout one month with weekly samplings...
November 25, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882829/the-effects-of-heat-stress-on-a-number-of-hematological-parameters-and-levels-of-thyroid-hormones-in-foundry-workers
#6
Sahar Norloei, Mohammad Javad Jafari, Leila Omidi, Soheila Khodakarim, Davood Bashash, Mohammad Bagher Abdollahi, Mina Jafari
The objective of this research was to determine the effects of heat stress on some hematological parameters and thyroid hormones among foundry workers. This study was performed on 25 heat-acclimated subjects while 10 office workers were selected as the control group. Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) was determined to estimate the heat stress. Blood sampling was conducted before and after the daily work shift. The mean value of the WBGT index was 35 °C. The levels of plasma osmolality (p = 0.04) and white blood cells (p = 0...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881668/restoration-of-thermoregulation-after-exercise
#7
Glen P Kenny, Ryan McGinn
Performing exercise, especially in the hot conditions, can heat the body causing significant increases in internal body temperature. To offset this increase, powerful and highly developed autonomic thermoregulatory responses (i.e., skin blood flow and sweating) are activated to enhance whole-body heat loss; a response mediated by temperature sensitive receptors in both the skin and the internal core regions of the body. Independent of thermal control of heat loss, nonthermal factors can have profound consequences on the body's ability to dissipate heat during exercise...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880024/insect-cold-hardiness-the-role-of-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-and-akt-signalling-in-freeze-avoiding-larvae-of-the-goldenrod-gall-moth-epiblema-scudderiana
#8
J Zhang, K B Storey
Larvae of the goldenrod gall moth, Epiblema scudderiana, use the freeze avoidance strategy of cold hardiness to survive the winter. Here we report that protein kinase-dependent signal transduction featuring mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling cascades (extracellular signal regulated kinase, c-jun N-terminal kinase and p38 MAPK pathways) and the Akt (also known as protein kinase B, or PKB) pathway could be integral parts of the development of cold hardiness by E. scudderiana. We used Luminex technology to assess the protein levels and phosphorylation status of key components and downstream targets of those pathways in larvae in response to low temperature acclimation...
November 23, 2016: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872596/different-relationship-between-hsp70-mrna-and-hsp70-levels-in-the-heat-shock-response-of-two-salmonids-with-dissimilar-temperature-preference
#9
Mario Lewis, Miriam Götting, Katja Anttila, Mirella Kanerva, Jenni M Prokkola, Eila Seppänen, Irma Kolari, Mikko Nikinmaa
The heat shock response (HSR) refers to the rapid production of heat shock proteins (hsps) in response to a sudden increase in temperature. Its regulation by heat shock factors is a good example of how gene expression is transcriptionally regulated by environmental stresses. In contrast, little is known about post-transcriptional regulation of the response. The heat shock response is often used to characterize the temperature tolerance of species with the rationale that whenever the response sets on, a species is approaching its lethal temperature...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825870/short-term-molecular-and-physiological-responses-to-heat-stress-in-neritic-copepods-acartia-tonsa-and-eurytemora-affinis
#10
Janina Rahlff, Janna Peters, Marta Moyano, Ole Pless, Carsten Claussen, Myron A Peck
Invertebrates inhabiting shallow water habitats represent particularly appropriate organisms for studying the acclimation potential to environmental stress, since they naturally experience large fluctuations in key abiotic factors such as temperature and salinity. We quantified the biochemical- (mRNA transcripts of 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (grp78), 70-kDa heat shock protein (hsp70), 90-kDa heat shock protein (hsp90), protein synthesis of HSP70) and organismal- (oxygen consumption rates) level responses to acute heat stress on two neritic copepods (Acartia tonsa and Eurytemora affinis) with special emphasis on the role of short-term acclimation...
November 5, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811081/reactive-electrophilic-oxylipins-trigger-a-heat-stress-like-response-through-hsfa1-transcription-factors
#11
Miriam Muench, Chih-Hsuan Hsin, Elena Ferber, Susanne Berger, Martin J Mueller
Abiotic and biotic stresses are often characterized by an induction of reactive electrophile species (RES) such as the jasmonate 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (OPDA) or the structurally related phytoprostanes. Previously, RES oxylipins have been shown massively to induce heat-shock-response (HSR) genes including HSP101 chaperones. Moreover, jasmonates have been reported to play a role in basal thermotolerance. We show that representative HSR marker genes are strongly induced by RES oxylipins through the four master regulator transcription factors HSFA1a, b, d, and e essential for short-term adaptation to heat stress in Arabidopsis...
November 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801967/reactive-oxygen-species-abiotic-stress-and-stress-combination
#12
Feroza K Choudhury, Rosa M Rivero, Eduardo Blumwald, Ron Mittler
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a key role in the acclimation process of plants to abiotic stress. They primarily function as signal transduction molecules that regulate different pathways during plant acclimation to stress, but are also toxic byproducts of stress metabolism. Because each subcellular compartment in plants contains its own set of ROS-producing and ROS-scavenging pathways, the steady-state level of ROS, as well as the redox state of each compartment, is different at any given time giving rise to a distinct signature of ROS levels at the different compartments of the cell...
November 1, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791340/molecular-characterization-of-three-hsp90-from-pieris-and-expression-patterns-in-response-to-cold-and-thermal-stress-in-summer-and-winter-diapause-of-pieris-melete
#13
Yue-Kun Wu, Chao Zou, Dao-Meng Fu, Wan-Na Zhang, Hai-Jun Xiao
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) have been linked to stresses and winter diapause in insects, but whether they are components of summer diapause is still unknown. In this study, cDNAs of Hsp90 from Pieris melete, Pieris rapae and Pieris canidia named PmHsp90, PrHsp90 and PcHsp90, respectivele, were cloned and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence consisted of 718 amino acid residues with a putative molecular mass of 82.6, 82.6, 82.7 kDa respectively. The amino acid sequences contained all of the five conserved signature motifs in the Hsp90 family and a bHLH protein folding activity region...
October 28, 2016: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741410/damage-to-photosystem-ii-by-lipid-peroxidation-products
#14
Pavel Pospíšil, Yasusi Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Photosystem II proteins of higher plant chloroplasts are prone to oxidative stress, and most prominently the reaction center-binding D1 protein is damaged under abiotic stress. The reactive oxygen species produced under these stress conditions have been suggested to be responsible for the protein injury. SCOPE OF REVIEW: Recently, it has been shown that the primary and secondary products of non-enzymatic and enzymatic lipid peroxidation have a capability to modify photosystem II proteins...
October 11, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730652/role-of-dynamin-related-protein-1-mediated-mitochondrial-fission-in-resistance-of-mouse-c2c12-myoblasts-to-heat-injury
#15
Tianzheng Yu, Patricia Deuster, Yifan Chen
KEY POINTS: Understanding how skeletal muscles respond to high temperatures may help develop strategies for improving exercise tolerance and preventing heat injury. Mitochondria regulate cell survival by constantly changing their morphology through fusion and fission in response to environmental stimuli. Little is known about the involvement of mitochondrial dynamics in tolerance of skeletal muscle against heat stress. Mild heat acclimation and moderate heat shock appear to have different effects on the mitochondrial morphology and fission protein Drp1 in skeletal muscle cells...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720159/evaluation-of-dietary-betaine-in-lactating-holstein-cows-subjected-to-heat-stress
#16
L W Hall, F R Dunshea, J D Allen, S Rungruang, J L Collier, N M Long, R J Collier
Betaine (BET), a natural, organic osmolyte, improves cellular efficiency by acting as a chaperone, refolding denatured proteins. To test if dietary BET reduced the effect of heat stress (HS) in lactating dairy cows, multiparous, lactating Holstein cows (n = 24) were blocked by days in milk (101.4 ± 8.6 d) and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 daily intakes of dietary BET: the control (CON) group received no BET, mid intake (MID) received 57 mg of BET/kg of body weight, and high dose (HI) received 114 mg of BET/kg of body weight...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621146/origins-and-early-development-of-the-concept-that-brown-adipose-tissue-thermogenesis-is-linked-to-energy-balance-and-obesity
#17
Paul Trayhurn
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) was identified as a thermogenic organ in 1961, and in 1978 shown to be the major site of thermoregulatory non-shivering thermogenesis in rats acclimated to the cold. Investigations in the mid-late 1970s established the uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation through a proton conductance pathway across the mitochondrial inner membrane as the mechanism for heat production in BAT, this being regulated by UCP1 which was first discovered as a 32,000 Mr cold-inducible protein. These developments came when those concerned with nutritional energetics were proposing that thermogenesis is a significant factor in energy balance and the aetiology of obesity...
September 10, 2016: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584970/perspiration-functions-in-different-ethnic-age-and-sex-populations-modification-of-sudomotor-function
#18
Jeong-Beom Lee, Jeong-Ho Kim, Hiroyuki Murota
The sudomotor mechanism, wich contributes to tolerating thermal environments, is affected by not only the body temperature, but also sex, ethnicity, exercise training, region, season, and heat adaptation. Aging attenuates the sudomotor function by the decreased peripheral sensitivity to acetylcholine and demyelination of innervating nerves. Women show less sudomotor activity than men. Heat adaptation with sudomotor modification is induced by repetitive physical and/or thermal training. Short-term heat acclimation increases sweat gland activity...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571045/a-comparison-of-2-practical-cooling-methods-on-cycling-capacity-in-the-heat
#19
Saul A Cuttell, Victor Kiri, Christopher Tyler
CONTEXT: Cooling the torso and neck can improve exercise performance and capacity in a hot environment; however, the proposed mechanisms for the improvements often differ. OBJECTIVE: To directly compare the effects of cooling the neck and torso region using commercially available devices on exercise capacity in a hot environment (temperature = 35°C ± 0.1°C, relative humidity = 50.1% ± 0.7%). DESIGN: Crossover study. SETTING: Laboratory...
July 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562605/thermal-limits-of-leaf-metabolism-across-biomes
#20
Odhran S O'sullivan, Mary A Heskel, Peter B Reich, Mark G Tjoelker, Lasantha K Weerasinghe, Aurore Penillard, Lingling Zhu, John J G Egerton, Keith J Bloomfield, Danielle Creek, Nur H A Bahar, Kevin L Griffin, Vaughan Hurry, Patrick Meir, Matthew H Turnbull, Owen K Atkin
High-temperature tolerance in plants is important in a warming world, with extreme heat waves predicted to increase in frequency and duration, potentially leading to lethal heating of leaves. Global patterns of high-temperature tolerance are documented in animals, but generally not in plants, limiting our ability to assess risks associated with climate warming. To assess whether there are global patterns in high-temperature tolerance of leaf metabolism, we quantified Tcrit (high temperature where minimal chlorophyll a fluorescence rises rapidly and thus photosystem II is disrupted) and Tmax (temperature where leaf respiration in darkness is maximal, beyond which respiratory function rapidly declines) in upper canopy leaves of 218 plant species spanning seven biomes...
August 26, 2016: Global Change Biology
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