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Akhilesh Kumar, Manas Ranjan Dikhit, Ajay Amit, Amir Zaidi, Raj Kishor Pandey, Ashish Kumar Singh, Shashi S Suman, Vahab Ali, Vidya Nand Rabi Das, Krishna Pandey, Vikas Kumar, Shubhankar Kumar Singh, Shyam Narayan, Hirendra Kumar Chourasia, Pradeep Das, Sanjiva Bimal
We report here a Leishmania donovani ornithine decarboxylase (Ld-ODC) gene used as a DNA vaccine against visceral leishmaniasis in a murine Balb/c mouse model. This study also evaluated the possible mechanism of action directed by this candidate. We found a Th1 immune response after immunization using an Ld-ODC DNA vaccine, with results based on the rearrangement of TCR-V-α-2, proliferation of Carboxy fluorescein Succinimidyle ester positive T cells, which were able to produce cytokines such as TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-12 and IL-2, but not IL-4, IL-5, IL-6 and IL-10, and modulations of the STAT-1 and p38 MAP kinase signaling pathways...
March 17, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Taiga Kadoyama, Ryo Nishimura, Mana Toma, Kingo Uchida, Keiko Tawa
The microcrystalline film of an open-ring isomer (1o) of diarylethene 1 was prepared on the Al plasmonic chip with a grating structure. Photoisomerization from 1o to a closed-ring isomer (1c) and growth of needle-shaped crystals in 1c were observed in situ under an upright-inverted microscope. In the center part of the film, crystal growth of needle-shaped-crystal of 1c was observed upon UV irradiation from the top side, but not upon UV irradiation from the bottom side. However, crystallization occurred at the edge of the film upon UV irradiation from the bottom side...
March 20, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
M Yolanda Cobo-Nuñez, Mariam El Assar, Pedro Cuevas, Alberto Sánchez-Ferrer, Jennifer Martínez-González, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Javier Angulo
Etamsylate is indicated for several anti-hemorrhagic indications in human and veterinary medicine. However, etamsylate has been shown to be effective only in specific haemorrhagic situations. Furthermore, mechanism of action of etamsylate is not known but recent research has shown its ability to inhibit heparin binding to several growth factors. We have evaluated the ability of etamsylate to interfere with the activities of heparin. Effects of etamsylate on vasodilatory activity of heparin were evaluated in rat aortic segments...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Mana Biabani, Michael Farrell, Maryam Zoghi, Gary Egan, Shapour Jaberzadeh
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-induced motor evoked potentials (MEPs) are frequently used to assess corticospinal and intercortical activities. Trial to trial variance of the potentials is commonly observed, and averages of multiple MEPs are usually reported. Multiple trials have resources implications and are not compatible with some experimental protocols. This study investigated the minimum number of MEPs required to reliably assess corticospinal excitability (CSE), short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intercortical facilitation (ICF), within and between sessions...
March 15, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Manas Panigrahi, Manoranjitha Kumari, Sudhindra Vooturi
Background: The diagnosis of lymphocytic hypophysitis (LYH) is a clinical challenge. Medical management with steroids may result in complete resolution of the symptoms and radiological features. We report our approach to the diagnosis and treatment of LYH. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of data of nine consecutive patients of LYH from August 2013 to August 2015 was done. The average age of the study population was 38.4 ± 19.8 years, with five (55...
March 2018: Neurology India
Manas Bajpai, Nilesh Pardhe, Manish Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Ali Hafez Ali Mohammed El-Far, Seiichi Munesue, Ai Harashima, Akira Sato, Mika Shindo, Shingo Nakajima, Mana Inada, Mariko Tanaka, Akihiko Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Hazem M E Shaheen, Yasser S El-Sayed, Shuhei Kawano, Sei-Ichi Tanuma, Yasuhiko Yamamoto
Receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is a pattern recognition receptor implicated in the pathogenesis of certain types of cancer. In the present study, papaverine was identified as a RAGE inhibitor using the conversion to small molecules through optimized-peptide strategy drug design system. Papaverine significantly inhibited RAGE-dependent nuclear factor κ-B activation driven by high mobility group box-1, a RAGE ligand. Using RAGE- or dominant-negative RAGE-expressing HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells, the present study revealed that papaverine suppressed RAGE-dependent cell proliferation and migration dose-dependently...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Pilar Mañas, Jorge de Las Heras
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to: firstly evaluate the response of nutrient uptake after applying 15 t ha-1 of sewage sludge, compost and a commercial fertiliser to soil in grain and straw of winter wheat (Triticum turgidum L. cv. Vitron); secondly investigate the composition of the same parameters in the original soil and compare them with soil after applying fertiliser treatments. A field-scale experiment established the agronomic performance of air-dried sewage sludge and composted sludge for winter wheat...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Behnaz Ansari, Majid Ghasemi, Mana Ahmadian, Fariborz Khorvash
Background: Radicular pain is one of the most common forms of chronic pain in the world, which has challenges about effective medical therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pregabalin (PGB) and metformin (Met) on subacute and chronic radiculopathy. Materials and Methods: This double-blind prospective clinical trial was performed on 71 patients with subacute and chronic cervical and lumbosacral radiculopathy. Group A was treated with PGB 75 mg daily while Group B was treated with PGB 75 mg daily and Met 500 mg daily for 3 months...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Roel Rodriguez Suralta, Jonathan Manito Niones, Mana Kano-Nakata, Thiem Thi Tran, Shiro Mitsuya, Akira Yamauchi
Rainfed lowland (RFL) rice fields have hardpans and experience soil moisture fluctuations (SMF) stress, which influence root system development. Here, we clarify the expression and timing of the plasticity in nodal root elongation through the hardpan under SMF and its contribution to shoot growth using a shallow-rooting IR64 and its deep-rooting introgression line, YTH304. Under SMF, soil moisture content had negative relationship with soil penetration resistance, regardless of hardpan bulk densities. YTH304 had greater root system below the hardpan than IR64 in hardpan with 1...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Myreen E Tomas, Thriveen S C Mana, Brigid M Wilson, Michelle M Nerandzic, Joussef Samira, Miguel Quinones-Mateu, Curtis J Donskey
Vancomycin taper regimens are commonly used for the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infections. One rationale for tapering and pulsing of the dose at the end of therapy is to reduce the selective pressure of vancomycin on the indigenous intestinal microbiota. Here, we used a mouse model to test the hypothesis that the indigenous microbiota that provide colonization resistance against C. difficile and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) is re-populated during tapering courses of vancomycin. Mice were treated orally with vancomycin daily for 10 days, vancomycin in a tapering dose for 42 days, fidaxomicin for 10 days, or saline...
March 12, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Shekhar Neema, Manas Chatterjee
Aim: To study the effects of omalizumab in chronic spontaneous urticaria in Indian patients. Setting and Design: The study was conducted in a tertiary care centre and it was retrospective and descriptive in nature. Material and Methods: We analysed the data of patients who were administered omalizumab between June 2014 and June 2015 for the management of refractory chronic spontaneous urticaria at our centre. Omalizumab was used in those patients who did not respond to updosing of antihistaminics and cyclosporine...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Mana Ogawa, Toshitada Nagai, Yoshikazu Saito, Hitonari Miyaguchi, Kei Kumakura, Keiko Abe, Tomiko Asakura
Mastication enhances brain function and mental health, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of mastication on neural development in early childhood. Therefore, we analysed the gene expression in juvenile neural circuits in rats fed with a soft or chow diet immediately after weaning. We observed that the gene expression patterns in the thalamus varied depending on the diet. Furthermore, gene ontology analysis revealed that two terms were significantly enhanced: chemical synaptic transmission and positive regulation of dendritic spine morphogenesis...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Pradeep K Jaiswal, Vashundhra Sharma, Surendra Kumar, Manas Mathur, Ajit K Swami, Dharmendra K Yadav, Sandeep Chaudhary
A series of 2-oxo-2-phenylethylidene linked 2-oxo-benzo[1,4]oxazine analogues 17a-x and 18a-o, incorporated with a variety of electron-withdrawing as well as electron-donating groups at ring A and ring C, were synthesized under greener conditions in excellent yields (up to 98%). These analogues 17a-x and 18a-o were evaluated for their arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet aggregation inhibitory activities in comparison with the standard reference aspirin (IC50  = 21.34 ± 1.09 µg/mL). Among all the screened compounds, eight analogues, 17i, 17x, 18f, 18g, 18h, 18i, 18l, and 18o, were identified as promising platelet aggregation inhibitors as compared to aspirin...
March 9, 2018: Archiv der Pharmazie
Soumya Surath Panda, Manas Baisakh, Adyakinkar Panda, Hemlata Das
Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is an extremely rare disease and is often misdiagnosed. The optimal therapy is still unclear and the outcomes are uncertain. Among PHLs, a primary hepatic low-grade marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue is still rarer. The present study reports the case of an elderly female diagnosed with PHL (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue) and treated with single agent rituximab. After 18 months, she had a progressive disease and developed Waldenstorms macroglobulinemia concomitantly...
January 8, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
Devinder Arora, Jayesh Mudgal, Madhavan Nampoothiri, Sanchari Basu Mallik, Manas Kinra, Susan Hall, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie, Gary D Grant, Chamallamudi Mallikarjuna Rao
Antipsychotic drugs are the mainstay of psychotic disorders. The 'typical' antipsychotic agents are commonly employed for the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, though at an expense of extrapyramidal side effects (EPS). In the present study, we employed haloperidol (HP)-induced catalepsy model in mice to evaluate the role of adenosine receptor antagonist and cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme inhibitor in the amelioration of EPS. HP produced a full blown catalepsy, akinesia and a significant impairment in locomotion and antioxidant status...
March 7, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
Andrew Henry, William Buchbinder, Simriti Chaudhry, Mana Saraghi, Neeraj Panchal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: General Dentistry
Mana Saraghi, Leonard Golden, Elliot V Hersh
Millions of patients take antidepressant medications in the United States for the treatment of depression or anxiety disorders. Some antidepressants are prescribed off-label to treat problems such as chronic pain, low energy, and menstrual symptoms. Antidepressants are a broad and expansive group of medications, but the more common drug classes include tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors. A miscellaneous or "atypical" category covers other agents...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
Fei Gan, Renhe Liu, Feng Wang, Peter G Schultz
Simple strategies to produce organisms whose growth is strictly dependent on the presence of a noncanonical amino acid are useful for the generation of live vaccines and the biological containment of recombinant organisms. To this end, we report an approach based on genetically replacing key histidine (His) residues in essential proteins with functional His analogs. We demonstrate that 3-methyl-L-histidine (MeH) functionally substitutes for a key metal binding ligand, H264, in the zinc-containing metalloenzyme mannose-6-phosphate isomerase (ManA)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Mana Sampei, Midori A Arai, Masami Ishibashi
Lignans are widely distributed in plants and exhibit significant pharmacological effects, including anti-tumor and antioxidative activities. Here, we describe the total synthesis of schizandriside (1), a compound we previously isolated from Saraca asoca by monitoring antioxidative activity using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging assay. Starting from a tandem Michael-aldol reaction, the lignan skeleton was synthesized in 6 steps, including a cyclization step. To determine the stereochemistry of 1, we synthesized the natural product (±)-isolariciresinol (18) from alcohol 17...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
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