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cefixime leukocyte

Sarvan Kumar, K K Jakhar, Vikas Nehra, Madan Pal
AIM: The present study was envisaged to elucidate the pathomorphological and microbiological aspects of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorders of sheep/lambs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples for research were collected from 12 sheep died with a history of GIT disorders which were brought for post-mortem examination to the Department of Veterinary Pathology, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, for pathomorphological and microbiological examination...
August 2015: Veterinary World
Haluk Erdoğan, Belkıs Levent, Aşkın Erdoğan, Revasiye Güleşen, Hande Arslan
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is the most common serotype among verotoxigenic E.coli (VTEC) strains that cause haemolytic uremic syndrome. Although sporadic VTEC cases originating from Turkey and small outbreaks have been reported from our country, VTEC has not been routinely investigated in most of the diagnostic microbiology laboratories in Turkey and studies related to this topic are limited. In this study, the incidence of E.coli O157:H7 in patients who were admitted to Alanya Research and Application Hospital of Baskent University with the complaints of acute gastroenteritis between September 2005 and September 2008, was investigated...
July 2011: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
John R Brill
Symptoms of urethritis in men typically include urethral discharge, penile itching or tingling, and dysuria. A diagnosis can be made if at least one of the following is present: discharge, a positive result on a leukocyte esterase test in first-void urine, or at least 10 white blood cells per high-power field in urine sediment. The primary pathogens associated with urethritis are Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Racial disparities in the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections persist in the United States, with rates of gonorrhea 40 times higher in black adolescent males than in white adolescent males...
April 1, 2010: American Family Physician
F Bally, N Troillet
Clinical urethritis should motivate urine analyses including tests for leukocytes and PCR for C. trachomatis and N. gononhocae. The culture of an urethral swab for gonococci is sensitive as well. It allows susceptibility tests. Other infectious agents have been associated with urethritis (e.g., M. genitalium, T. vaginalis, H. simplex). They should be searched in case of negative first results or non-response to an empiric treatment. Given the emergence of resistances to quinolones, single doses of azithromycin 1 g plus cefixime 400 mg constitute a good choice which permits to ensure adherence...
October 11, 2006: Revue Médicale Suisse
E Hummers-Pradier, A M Ohse, M Koch, W R Heizmann, M M Kochen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and microbiology of urinary tract infection (UTI) in symptomatic men in a primary care setting and to determine the appropriateness of patient management of these conditions by the general practitioners. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out matching documentation of symptoms and management with urine culture and results of susceptibility tests. All patients presenting with symptoms typical for a UTI in 36 teaching general practices in the area of Göttingen, Germany, were eligible for enrolment in the study...
July 2004: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
V Clini, G Di Pisa, L Gandola, R Giura, R Rimoldi, A Rossi, G Sevieri, G Tassi, V Taschetta
An open, multicenter non-comparative study was carried out in 8 centres in Italy to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of cefixime (Suprax - Lederle), a third generation oral cephalosporin administered once daily to patients affected by exacerbation of chronic bronchitis. All patients, 124 males and 21 females, aged between 50 and 85, were treated with Suprax at the dose of 400 mg/day for a mean period of 7.4 days. Clinical and laboratory examinations were performed at: T0 (beginning of treatment), T1 (3-4 days after the beginning of treatment), T2 (end of treatment)...
June 1995: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Khosrow Mehrany, Joseph M Kist, William J O'Connor, David J DiCaudo
A 26-year-old woman presented with a high-grade fever and chills of 2 days' duration. She complained of associated joint pain, especially in the wrists and knees. One day before admission, tender skin lesions began to develop on the fingers, and subsequently spread to the more proximal extremities. The patient recalled having a sore throat and a nonproductive cough before the onset of the fever and eruption. The past medical history was significant for Gardnerella vaginitis and several urinary tract infections...
March 2003: International Journal of Dermatology
P Periti
Among the oral beta-lactam antibiotics only cefaclor has demonstrated a consistent in vitro and in vivo immunopharmacological effect which favors phagocytic chemotaxis and antimicrobial potential by inducing a T-helper 1 or pro-inflammatory response. Together with cefpimizole, cefaclor significantly reduces the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) against some bacterial species when cultured together with a suspension of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, as opposed to some other oral beta-lactams, co-amoxiclav and cefixime, which do not show this effect...
April 1998: Journal of Chemotherapy
A Fietta, C Merlini, G Gialdroni Grassi
The in vitro effects of cefixime and cefdinir (CI 983), two so-called third-generation oral cephalosporin derivatives, on human polymorphonuclear and mononuclear phagocyte functions (random migration and chemotaxis, specific and nonspecific phagocytosis, nitroblue tetrazolium reduction, superoxide production, microbicidal activity) were studied. Neither antibiotic, in the range of its attainable therapeutic concentration, exhibited any toxic effect on random migration, chemotaxis, metabolic activation and microbicidal mechanisms of phagocytic cells...
September 1994: Chemotherapy
T Sonoda, M Matsuda, E Nakano, S Mizutani, N Iwao, S Miyoshi, H Kameoka, S Sagawa, K Sekii, T Sakurai
Cefixime (CFIX, Cefspan), a new oral cephem, was used in the treatment of urinary tract infections, and was evaluated for its therapeutic effectiveness and safety at the Department of Urology, Osaka University Hospital and 16 affiliated hospitals. A total of 238 patients were administered daily doses of 200 or 400 mg. Clinical efficacy was assessed on 92 female patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis and 42 patients with complicated UTI according to the Criteria for Clinical Evaluation of Antimicrobial Agents in UTI (3rd ed...
July 1989: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
L Weissbach, A Segal, K Tröster
In a prospective, open clinical study, 50 urological patients with acute pyelonephritis were treated with the oral cephalosporin cefixime. The medication (2 x 200 mg/day) was given for seven to ten days. Clinical, bacteriological as well as hematological examinations were carried out prior to, during and immediately after therapy. A late check-up was performed five to nine days after the end of therapy. 46 of the 50 cases were evaluable for efficacy, and all 50 patients were included in safety evaluation. The most frequent pathogens isolated prior to therapy were Escherichia coli (34 times), Proteus mirabilis (six times), Klebsiella pneumoniae (twice) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (twice)...
1990: Infection
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