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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465747/antibiotics-for-treating-gonorrhoea-in-pregnancy
#1
REVIEW
Gabriella Comunián-Carrasco, Guiomar E Peña-Martí, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and is a major public health challenge today. N gonorrhoeae can be transmitted from the mother's genital tract to the newborn during birth, and can cause gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum as well as systemic neonatal infections. It can also cause endometritis and pelvic sepsis in the mother. This review updates and replaces an earlier Cochrane Review on antibiotics for treating this infectious condition...
February 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459597/prevalence-of-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-non-fermentative-pseudomonas-species-from-clinical-isolates-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#2
M N Islam, D Ahmed, M A Hossain, C R Ahsan, M Yasmin
Antimicrobial drug resistance, a global concern, has been increasing unpredictably in microorganism causing human infections specially among Gram negative non-fermenting Pseudomonas spp. Carbapenems, a beta lactam antibiotics, are the most potent and effective drug usually kept reserved for treating the multi-drug resistant Psedomonas spp and other infections caused by organisms producing Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC. Clinical utility of carbapenem will reduce when resistant bacteria evolve due to production of carbapenem hydrolyzing Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) which confers high-level resistance to all beta-lactam antibiotics except aztreonam...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432657/clinical-profile-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacterial-isolates-and-factors-associated-with-complications-in-culture-proven-typhoid-patients-admitted-to-an-urban-hospital-in-bangladesh
#3
Halima Khatun, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Syed Aminul Islam, Baitun Nahar, Md Nur Haque Alam, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Typhoid fever is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in typhoid endemic countries like Bangladesh. However, data on the clinical and microbiological profile as well as factors associated with complications of typhoid in Bangladesh are scarce. We intended to characterize the clinical and microbiological profile of culture-proven typhoid fever and to identify factors associated with complications. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective analysis of clinical data from 431 patients with culture-confirmed typhoid fever admitted to Dhaka hospital of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, between January 2010 and December 2014...
February 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394396/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-mdr-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-england-and-wales-between-2004-and-2015-analysis-of-annual-cross-sectional-surveillance-surveys
#4
Soazig Clifton, Hikaru Bolt, Hamish Mohammed, Katy Town, Martina Furegato, Michelle Cole, Oona Campbell, Helen Fifer, Gwenda Hughes
Objectives: To describe trends in prevalence, susceptibility profile and risk factors for MDR Neisseria gonorrhoeae (MDR-NG) in England and Wales. Methods: Isolates from 16 242 gonorrhoea episodes at sexual health clinics within the Gonococcal Resistance to Antimicrobials Surveillance Programme (GRASP) underwent antimicrobial susceptibility testing. MDR-NG was defined as resistance to ceftriaxone, cefixime or azithromycin, plus at least two of penicillin, ciprofloxacin and spectinomycin...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370234/febrile-urinary-tract-infection-due-to-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-children-a-french-prospective-multicenter-study
#5
Fouad Madhi, Camille Jung, Sandra Timsit, Corinne Levy, Sandra Biscardi, Mathie Lorrot, Emmanuel Grimprel, Laure Hees, Irina Craiu, Aurelien Galerne, François Dubos, Emmanuel Cixous, Véronique Hentgen, Stéphane Béchet, Stéphane Bonacorsi, Robert Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the management of febrile urinary-tract infection (FUTIs) due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in children, the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Group of the French Pediatric Society set up an active surveillance network in pediatric centers across France in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analysed data from 2014 to 2016 for all children < 18 years old who received antibiotic treatment for FUTI due to ESBL-E in 24 pediatric centers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354364/phylogeny-novel-bacterial-lineage-and-enzymatic-potential-of-haloalkaliphilic-bacteria-from-the-saline-coastal-desert-of-little-rann-of-kutch-gujarat-india
#6
Hitarth B Bhatt, Sangeeta D Gohel, Satya P Singh
This report describes cultivation-dependent diversity, phylogeny and enzymatic potential of the haloalkaliphilic bacteria isolated from the unvegetated desert soil of yet unexplored, saline desert of Little Rann of Kutch (LRK), India. The LRK is a unique ecosystem displaying a combination of Dry Rann and Wet Rann. A total of 25 bacteria were isolated and characterized on the basis of colony morphology, biochemical profile, sugar utilization, secretion of the extracellular enzymes and antibiotic sensitivity...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345462/fluorescent-zn-pdc-tb3-coordination-polymer-nanostructure-a-candidate-for-highly-selective-detections-of-cefixime-antibiotic-and-acetone-in-aqueous-system
#7
Hong Pan, Sufan Wang, Xiaoyao Dao, Yonghong Ni
Tb3+-doped zinc-based coordination polymer nanospindle bundles (Zn-PDC/Tb3+, or [Zn(2,5-PDC)(H2O)2]·H2O/Tb3+) were synthesized by a simple solution precipitation route at room temperature, employing Zn(NO3)2, Tb(NO3)3, and 2,5-Na2PDC as the initial reactants, and a mixture of water and ethanol with the volume ratio of 10:10 as the solvent. The as-obtained nanostructures presented strong fluorescent emission under the excitation of 298 nm light, which was attributed to the characteristic emission of the Tb3+ ion...
January 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343220/antimicrobial-resistance-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-germany-low-levels-of-cephalosporin-resistance-but-high-azithromycin-resistance
#8
Susanne Buder, Sandra Dudareva, Klaus Jansen, Anna Loenenbach, Sergejs Nikisins, Andrea Sailer, Eva Guhl, Peter K Kohl, Viviane Bremer
BACKGROUND: The widespread antimicrobial resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a serious problem for the treatment and control of gonorrhoea. Many of the previously effective therapeutic agents are no longer viable. Because N. gonorrhoeae infections are not reportable in Germany, only limited data on disease epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns are available. The Gonococcal Resistance Network (GORENET) is a surveillance project to monitor trends in the antimicrobial susceptibility of N...
January 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339130/fixed-drug-eruption-related-to-cefixime-in-an-adolescent-case
#9
İlknur Kulhas Celik, Betul Buyuktiryaki, Emine Dibek Misirlioglu, Ezgi Hasbek, Can Naci Kocabas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311079/neisseria-cinerea-with-high-ceftriaxone-mic-is-an-origin-of-ceftriaxone-and-cefixime-resistance-mediating-pena-sequences-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#10
Gene Igawa, Yuka Yamagishi, Ken-Ichi Lee, Misato Dorin, Ken Shimuta, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Shu-Ichi Nakayama, Hiroshige Mikamo, Magnus Unemo, Makoto Ohnishi
Mosaic penA alleles have caused most of the cephalosporin resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, but their evolution is mostly unknown. The Neisseria cinerea strain AM1601 (ceftriaxone MIC=1.0 μg/ml) penA caused ceftriaxone resistance (MIC=1 μg/ml) in a ceftriaxone-susceptible gonococcal strain. The 3' -terminal half of AM1601 penA was almost identical to that of the ceftriaxone-resistant gonococcal GU140106 and FC428 strains. N. cinerea can serve as a reservoir of ceftriaxone resistance-mediating penA sequences that are transferred to gonococci...
January 8, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302147/current-trends-of-drug-resistance-patterns-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-infection-in-blood-transfusion-dependent-thalassemia-patients
#11
Suhail Ahmed Almani, Ali Naseer, Sanjay Kumar Maheshwari, Pir Maroof, Raza Naseer, Haji Khan Khoharo
Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the current trends of drug resistance patterns of Acinetobacter baumannii infection in blood transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients. Study Design: This study was a cross sectional study, conducted at the Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro/Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan from October 2014 to January 2016. Subjects and Methods: Of 921 blood samples, A. baumannii strains were isolated from 100 blood samples...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298246/improving-antibiotic-prescribing-for-children-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-emergency-and-urgent-care-settings
#12
Nicole M Poole, Matthew P Kronman, Lori Rutman, Scott J Weissman, Russell T Migita, Derya Caglar, Danielle M Zerr
OBJECTIVES: Children with urinary tract infection (UTI) are often diagnosed in emergency and urgent care settings and increasingly are unnecessarily treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. This study evaluated the effect of a quality improvement intervention on empiric antibiotic prescribing for the treatment of uncomplicated UTI in children. METHODS: A local clinical pathway for uncomplicated UTI, introduced in June 2010, recommended empiric treatment with cephalexin, a narrow-spectrum (first-generation) cephalosporin antibiotic...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285017/comparative-proteomics-analysis-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-strains-in-response-to-extended-spectrum-cephalosporins
#13
Sunanta Nabu, Ratana Lawung, Patcharee Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Supamas Dolprasit, Sineenart Sengyee, Chartchalerm Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya, Virapong Prachayasittikul
Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains displaying reduced susceptibility and resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs) are major public health concerns. Although resistance mechanisms of ESCs have extensively been studied, the proteome-wide investigation on the biological response to the antibiotic stress is still limited. Herein, a proteomics approach based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS analysis was applied to investigate the global protein expression under ESC stresses of ESC-susceptible and ESC-reduced susceptible N...
2017: EXCLI Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279442/surveillance-of-antimicrobial-susceptibilities-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-from-2013-to-2015-in-guangxi-province-china
#14
Wei Li, Bang-Yong Zhu, Shui-Qing Qin, Mao-Chun Yang, Ming Liang, Shao He, Huai-Zhong Chen, Quan Gan, Yin-Jie Huang, Jiang-Ping Wei, Ji-Zhao He, Zhen Chen, Jin Bu
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae) is a sexually transmitted pathogen popular worldwide with increased trend of resistance to antimicrobial treatment. We conducted this study to trace the antimicrobial susceptibilities of N. gonorrhoeae to penicillin, spectinomycin, ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, cefixime and ceftriaxone in Guangxi. Totally 303 NG isolates were sampled from patients infected with N. gonorrhoeae from five cities in Guangxi 2013-2015, and the antibiotic susceptibilities were tested by Agar dilution assay...
December 26, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240786/time-trend-analysis-2009-2016-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolated-in-italy-following-the-introduction-of-the-combined-antimicrobial-therapy
#15
Paola Stefanelli, Maria Fenicia Vescio, Maria Paola Landini, Ivano Dal Conte, Alberto Matteelli, Antonio Cristaudo, Marina Gaino, Marco Cusini, Anna Maria Barbui, Antonella Mencacci, Rosella De Nittis, Valeria Ghisetti, Elena Stroppiana, Anna Carannante
INTRODUCTION: Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) antimicrobial susceptibility trends to azithromycin, cefixime and ceftriaxone were analyzed, from 2009 to 2016, to monitor changing antimicrobial susceptibility concomitant with the change in prescribing practice in 2012 from cefixime, or ceftriaxone, to ceftriaxone plus azithromycin. Patient characteristics predictive to be infected by antibiotic resistant N. gonorrhoeae were estimated. Finally, the protocol for the treatment of gonorrhoea, in comparison with the international guidelines, was also evaluated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234353/enteric-fever-caused-by-salmonella-enterica-serovars-with-reduced-susceptibility-of-fluoroquinolones-at-a-community-based-teaching-hospital-of-nepal
#16
Anjeela Bhetwal, Anjila Maharjan, Puspa Raj Khanal, Narayan Prasad Parajuli
Enteric fever continues to be an important public health problem especially in developing countries of the tropical region including Nepal. In this study, we aimed to investigate the incidence of enteric fever associated with Salmonella enterica and determine its antimicrobial susceptibilities to therapeutic antimicrobials in a community based teaching hospital of Nepal. A total of 2,304 blood samples from suspected enteric fever patients attending Manmohan Memorial Teaching Hospital were processed with standard microbiological methods for the isolation and identification of bacterial pathogens...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231153/antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-strains-isolated-from-five-cities-in-india-during-2013-2016
#17
Sangeeta V Kulkarni, Manju Bala, Syeeda A Muqeeth, G Sasikala, Amit P Nirmalkar, R Thorat, H Kambli, Jyoti Sawant, Arun Risbud, Raman R Gangakhedkar, Sheela V Godbole
PURPOSE: Emergence of multidrug resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an STI of public health significance is the biggest challenge to gonorrhoea control. Monitoring for antimicrobial resistance is essential for the early detection of emergent drug resistance patterns. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and twenty four N. gonorrhoeae strains were isolated between September 2013-August 2016 [82-New Delhi, 3-Pune, 3-Mumbai, 20-Secunderabad and 16-Hyderabad] to determine antimicrobial susceptibility and to compare the CLSI disc diffusion method with Etest for these strains...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224318/-distribution-and-drug-resistance-of-pathogens-of-blood-stream-infection-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-after-chemotherapy
#18
S Z Chen, K N Lin, M Xiao, X F Luo, Q Li, J H Ren, R Y Huang, M M Chen, Z Z Ally, T Chen, J D Yang, Jianda Hu
Objective: To investigate the distribution and resistance of pathogens isolated from blood cultures in patients with hematological malignancies after chemotherapy in Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University so as to understand the real situation of blood stream infection (BSI) and provide the basis for rational use of antibiotics in clinic. Methods: The data of 657 strains isolated from blood culture specimens of patients with hematological malignancies from January 2013 to December 2016 were collected analyzed...
November 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219803/accuracy-and-reproducibility-of-the-etest-to-detect-drug-resistant-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-to-contemporary-treatment
#19
John R Papp, Marie-Claire Rowlinson, Norman P O'Connor, Jason Wholehan, Jafar H Razeq, Anita Glennen, Dapne Ware, Peter C Iwen, Lillian V Lee, Celia Hagan
PURPOSE: Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a sexually transmitted bacterial pathogen that continues to evolve to become resistant to known antibiotics. In preparing for potential emergence, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that clinical laboratories maintain or develop protocols to assess antibiotic susceptibly for this organism. This study examines the intra-laboratory variability of using the Etest method to provide consistent MIC values for N. gonorrhoeae and also compared the results of the Etest to known agar dilution MIC values...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187146/determination-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-in-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-recovered-from-patients-at-two-main-health-facilities-in-kabul-afghanistan
#20
Haji Mohammad Naimi, Hamidullah Rasekh, Ahmad Zia Noori, Mohammad Aman Bahaduri
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a major pathogen implicated in skin and soft tissue infections, abscess in deep organs, toxin mediated diseases, respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, post-surgical wound infections, meningitis and many other diseases. Irresponsible and over use of antibiotics has led to an increased presence of multidrug resistant organisms and especially methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as a major public health concern in Afghanistan...
November 29, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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