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Catheter occlusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148000/the-feasibility-and-safety-of-piccs-accessed-via-the-superficial-femoral-vein-in-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#1
Yonghui Wan, Yuxin Chu, Yanru Qiu, Qian Chen, Wei Zhou, Qibin Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of the peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) accessed via the superficial femoral vein in patients with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). METHODS: From October 2010 to December 2014, 221 cancer patients with SVCS in our center received real-time ultrasound-guidance of the superficial femoral vein inserted central catheters (FICCs) at the mid-thigh. PICC insertion via upper extremity veins had also been investigated in 2604 cancer patients without SVCS as control...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138364/retrograde-cto-pci-of-native-coronary-arteries-via-left-internal-mammary-artery-grafts-insights-from-a-multicenter-u-s-registry
#2
Peter Tajti, Aris Karatasakis, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Khaldoon Alaswad, Farouc A Jaffer, Robert W Yeh, Mitul Patel, Ehtisham Mahmud, James W Choi, Anthony H Doing, Catalin Toma, Barry Uretsky, Santiago Garcia, Jeffrey W Moses, Manish Parikh, Ajay Kirtane, Ziad A Ali, Raja Hatem, Judit Karacsonyi, Barbara A Danek, Bavana V Rangan, Subhash Banerjee, Imre Ungi, Emmanouil S Brilakis
BACKGROUND: Retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of native coronary artery chronic total occlusion (CTO) via left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft has received limited study. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared the clinical and procedural characteristics and outcomes of retrograde CTO-PCI through LIMA grafts vs other conduits in a contemporary multicenter CTO registry. The LIMA was used as the collateral channel in 20 of 990 retrograde CTO-PCIs (2...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137044/outcomes-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-coronary-chronic-total-occlusions-with-versus-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Qiang Wang, Hao Liu, Jiawang Ding
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, due to advanced techniques and well-trained interventionists in catheter labs, new scientific research has shown percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to be a safe treatment procedure in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO). However, no study has systematically compared PCI outcomes in CTO patients with versus without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Therefore, through this meta-analysis we aimed to systematically solve this issue. METHODS: Between September 2016 and June 2017, the Cochrane Database of Randomized Trials, EMBASE, and MEDLINE databases were carefully searched for publications comparing PCI outcomes in CTO patients with versus without T2DM...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128156/utility-of-a-power-aspiration-based-extraction-technique-as-an-initial-and-secondary-approach-in-the-treatment-of-peripheral-arterial-thromboembolism-results-of-the-multicenter-prism-trial
#4
Richard R Saxon, James F Benenati, Corey Teigen, George L Adams, Luke E Sewall
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety and initial efficacy of XTRACT, a power aspiration-based extraction technique for treatment of peripheral arterial thromboembolism with the use of the Penumbra/Indigo system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 79 patients were enrolled: 39 (49.4%) underwent XTRACT as the initial therapy and 40 (50.6%) underwent XTRACT after failed catheter-directed thrombolysis or other mechanical intervention or for removal of distal emboli that occurred during an intervention...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125024/wingspan-stent-delivery-catheter-fracture-and-the-trap-technique-for-endovascular-salvage
#5
Manoj Jagani, Huy M Do, Jeremy J Heit
Background Intracranial atherosclerotic disease may result in ischemic infarction and has a high rate of recurrent ischemic strokes despite medical therapy. Patients who fail medical therapy may undergo endovascular treatment with cerebral artery angioplasty and possible Wingspan stent placement. We present a unique case of Wingspan delivery microcatheter fracture that resulted in a retained foreign body and an endovascular salvage maneuver. Case description An elderly patient presented with an acute ischemic stroke due to a severe stenosis in the proximal left middle cerebral artery (MCA)...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124245/thermo-expandable-prostatic-stents-for-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-the-frail-and-elderly-population-an-underutilized-procedure
#6
Kapil Sethi, Michael Bozin, Tebogo Jabane, Richard McMullin, David Cook, Rob Forsyth, Lachlan Dodds, Lydia Johns Putra
Purpose: To report our outcomes with the use of a thermo-expandable metallic intraprostatic stent (Memokath) for patients with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) secondary to prostatic obstruction, and to assess it is a feasible option for many frail and elderly men unsuitable for surgery. Materials and Methods: We reviewed patients who underwent insertion of a Memokath stent for BOO over 17 years (January 1999 to December 2015) at one regional center over a long follow-up period (median, 7 years)...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124006/selective-pulmonary-artery-occlusion-to-treat-hemoptysis-associated-with-pulmonary-venous-obstruction
#7
Melissa S W Yamauchi, Mary Hunt Martin, Harlan R Muntz, Ronald W Day
Hemoptysis may occur in patients with pulmonary venous obstruction and prominent decompressing vessels in the airways adjacent to the affected pulmonary veins. The options for treatment of hemoptysis are limited, particularly when efforts to alleviate pulmonary venous obstruction have failed. Here we describe a patient with hemoptysis associated with stenosis of the central left upper pulmonary vein and occlusion of the central left lower pulmonary vein. The left upper pulmonary vein was dilated with balloon catheters and a vascular plug was placed in the left lower pulmonary artery...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122129/a-new-algorithm-for-crossing-chronic-total-occlusions-from-the-asia-pacific-chronic-total-occlusion-club
#8
REVIEW
Scott A Harding, Eugene B Wu, Sidney Lo, Soo Teik Lim, Lei Ge, Ji-Yan Chen, Jie Quan, Seung-Whan Lee, Hsien-Li Kao, Etsuo Tsuchikane
Although the hybrid chronic total occlusion (CTO) algorithm had many excellent recommendations, there has been infrequent adoption in the Asia Pacific region. The Asia Pacific CTO club propose an algorithm for case selection based on the Japan-CTO score and a new CTO algorithm, which is applicable globally. This algorithm allows for differing skill sets and equipment availability and contains practical teaching for CTO percutaneous coronary intervention. Similar to the hybrid algorithm there are 3 main questions that determine whether the primary approach is antegrade or retrograde: 1) is there proximal cap ambiguity; 2) is the distal vessel of poor quality; and 3) are there interventional collaterals present...
November 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119448/total-aortic-arch-replacement-using-frozen-elephant-trunk-technique-with-j-graft-open-stent-graft-for-distal-aortic-arch-aneurysm
#9
Shigeki Koizumi, Atsushi Nagasawa, Tadaaki Koyama
OBJECTIVES: The J Graft Open Stent Graft, the first commercialized stent graft in Japan, has been available since February 2014, and we have used this new device as a frozen elephant trunk technique for distal aortic arch aneurysm. Here, we present our surgical method and result with this new device. METHODS: Between October 2014 and October 2016, 30 patients (26 males, mean age 74.3 ± 9.7 years) underwent total aortic arch replacement using the frozen elephant trunk technique with the J Graft Open Stent Graft for distal aortic arch aneurysm...
November 8, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114306/combined-use-of-intraoperative-indocyanine-green-and-dynamic-angiography-in-rotational-vertebral-artery-occlusion
#10
Nauman Chaudhry, Brandon Gerard Gaynor, Sudheer Ambekar, Mohamed Samy Elhammady
Rotational vertebral artery occlusion (RVAO) is a well-documented surgically amenable cause of vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Traditionally, patients have been imaged using dynamic rotational angiography. We report a case of RVAO in which intraoperative indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) was used to confirm adequate surgical decompression of the VA. A 57-year-old female who presented with multiple episodes of syncope provoked by turning her head to the right. Rotational dynamic angiography revealed a dominant right VA that became occluded at the level of C5/6 with head rotation to the right...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113866/intravascular-ultrasound-enhances-the-safety-of-rotational-atherectomy
#11
REVIEW
Kenichi Sakakura, Kei Yamamoto, Yousuke Taniguchi, Yoshimasa Tsurumaki, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Hideo Fujita
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is mainly used in PCI to treat complex lesions, such as left main bifurcation, chronic total occlusion and calcified lesions. Although IVUS yields useful information such as the presence of napkin-ring calcification, the role of IVUS in rotational atherectomy (RA) is not fully appreciated. Recently, since the deliverability and crossability of IVUS catheters have improved, IVUS should be attempted before RA. Even if the IVUS catheter cannot cross the lesion, IVUS provides information just proximal to the target lesion, which would be useful in the selection of the appropriate guidewire and burr size...
September 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113514/microballoon-related-interventions-in-various-endovascular-treatments-of-body-trunk-lesions
#12
Tomohiro Matsumoto, Kosuke Tomita, Satoshi Suda, Kazunobu Hashida, Shunto Maegawa, Toshihiko Hayashi, Takuji Yamagami, Tetsuya Suzuki, Terumitsu Hasebe
Occlusion balloon catheters of 5.2- or 6-French have been used for a few decades in various endovascular treatments of body trunk vascular lesions. However, these catheters may be difficult to place in cases of excessive vessel tortuosity, small vessels, and anatomic complexity. Recently, the introduction of the double lumen microballoon catheters for body trunk vascular lesions has allowed operators to advance them into more distal, smaller, and more tortuous vessels. Since the launch of the first generation microballoon catheters onto the market in Japan in 2011, the microballoon catheters have evolved and are now generally available for clinical use...
November 7, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112470/safety-and-efficacy-of-catheter-directed-therapies-as-a-supplement-to-surgical-decompression-in-venous-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#13
Omar Zurkiya, Dean M Donahue, T Gregory Walker, Suvranu Ganguli
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of endovascular therapy in the management of venous thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), with an emphasis on its role after surgical decompression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective review identified all patients who underwent conventional contrast-enhanced venography as a component of the imaging evaluation of clinically suspected venous TOS from January 2004 through September 2015. Eighty-one patients were identified, with a mean (± SD) age of 33 ± 12 years, of whom 59% (48/81) were women...
November 7, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106565/optimum-position-of-transthoracic-intracardiac-line-following-cardiac-surgery
#14
T K Susheel Kumar, Saradha Subramanian, James Benjamin Tansey, Mayte Figueroa, David Zurakowski, Jerry Allen, Samir Shah, Anna Brauninger, Lindsey Bird, Mohammed Ali, Christopher J Knott-Craig
OBJECTIVES: The transthoracic intracardiac line placed in the right atrium provides a convenient access to the central venous system following cardiac surgery. However, it is associated with risks such as migration and bleeding. We conducted a retrospective study to determine whether position of transthoracic line with respect to site of exit from the chest makes a difference in the rate of complications. METHODS: All infants receiving a transthoracic intracardiac line in the right atrium following cardiac surgery between June 2012 and December 2015 were part of the study...
July 4, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101990/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-iliac-artery-occlusive-disease
#15
Alexander Z Copelan, Baljendra S Kapoor, Ali F AbuRahma, Thomas R Cain, Drew M Caplin, Khashayar Farsad, M-Grace Knuttinen, Margaret H Lee, Joseph J McBride, Jeet Minocha, Stephen P Reis, Paul J Rochon, Colette M Shaw, Jonathan M Lorenz
Iliac artery occlusive disease can present as a sudden-onset acute thrombotic or thromboembolic event or as a chronic progressive atherosclerotic process that presents as claudication progressing to rest pain. Depending on the clinical presentation, the diagnosis is usually confirmed through Doppler vascular ultrasound, CT angiography, or MR angiography; the choice of imaging is usually based on modality availability and the presence of patient comorbidities such as chronic kidney disease. The Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II classification system is commonly used to describe the extent of the peripheral vascular disease...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101571/control-of-inferior-vena-cava-injury-during-laparoscopic-surgery-using-a-double-balloon-equipped-central-venous-catheter-proof-of-concept-in-a-live-porcine-model
#16
Yukio Iwashita, Hiroki Uchida, Hiroomi Takayama, Michihiro Ichimanda, Katsuya Taniguchi, Hideki Kiguchi, Tetsumi Sakaguchi, Hajime Fujishima, Kunihiro Saga, Kazuhiro Tada, Takao Hara, Kiminori Watanabe, Teijiro Hirashita, Yuichi Endo, Masayuki Ohta, Masafumi Inomata
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic inferior vena cava (IVC) injury is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication during laparoscopic surgery. This experimental study aimed to assess the hemostatic ability of a new device, double balloon-equipped central venous (DB-CV) catheter, for IVC injury. METHODS: The DB-CV catheter comprises a triple-lumen sphincterotome combined with two dilating balloons having a diameter of 25 mm. The experimental procedures were performed in five pigs...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101545/-recent-and-upcoming-randomized-trials-for-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion-need-for-a-definite-assessment-of-the-situation
#17
REVIEW
Carsten Skurk, Johannes Jakob Hartung, Ulf Landmesser
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia affecting more than 1.6 million patients in Germany. Based on demographic developments, an the number is expected to increase. Embolic strokes in AF patients are particularly severe, and individualized new oral anticoagulant (NOAC) therapy reduces the incidence of stroke in these patients by approximately 70%. Besides vitamin K antagonists, the NOACs rivaroxaban, dabigatran, apixaban, and edoxaban have been introduced into clinical practice; however, major bleeding still occurs at a rate of 2-3% per year...
November 3, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101306/diagnostic-accuracy-of-emergency-ct-angiography-for-presumed-tandem-internal-carotid-artery-occlusion-before-acute-endovascular-therapy
#18
Marcelo Rocha, William T Delfyett, Vikas Agarwal, Amin Aghaebrahim, Ashutosh Jadhav, Tudor G Jovin
BACKGROUND: Extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion can be overestimated on emergent single phase CT angiography (CTA) of stroke patients with isolated intracranial ICA occlusion. We aimed to measure the ability of identifying the extracranial site of presumed tandem ICA occlusions on pre-procedural CTA relative to catheter angiography during acute endovascular stroke therapy. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with intracranial ICA occlusion, with or without extracranial ICA occlusion, who underwent single phase CTA before acute endovascular treatment...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099537/use-of-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheters-piccs-in-children-receiving-autologous-or-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
Stefano Benvenuti, Rosanna Ceresoli, Giovanni Boroni, Filippo Parolini, Fulvio Porta, Daniele Alberti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to present our experience with the use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in pediatric patients receiving autologous or allogenic blood stem-cell transplantation. The insertion of the device in older children does not require general anesthesia and does not require a surgical procedure. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2017, 13 PICCs were inserted as a central venous device in 11 pediatric patients submitted to 14 autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation, at the Bone Marrow Transplant Unit of the Children's Hospital of Brescia...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099428/neuroprotective-effects-of-fasudil-a-rho-kinase-inhibitor-after-spinal-cord-ischemia-and-reperfusion-in-rats
#20
Masahiko Ohbuchi, Tetsu Kimura, Toshiaki Nishikawa, Takashi Horiguchi, Masayuki Fukuda, Yoko Masaki
BACKGROUND: Excessive Rho/Rho-kinase pathway activation occurs subsequent to stroke. We examined the neuroprotective effects of pre- and posttreatment with fasudil (a Rho-kinase inhibitor) in a rat transient spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion model under normothermic conditions. METHODS: After approval by our animal research committee, male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to 1 of 6 groups: pre- and postcontrol (C); pre- and postfasudil (F); and pre- and postsham (S)...
November 1, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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