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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341468/downregulation-of-barh-like-homeobox-2-promotes-cell-proliferation-migration-and-aerobic-glycolysis-through-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-and-predicts-a-poor-prognosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#1
Hao Chen, Maowei Zhang, Wenhui Zhang, Yuanqin Li, Jiechen Zhu, Xiaojiao Zhang, Li Zhao, Shuyang Zhu, Bi Chen
BACKGROUND: Human BarH-like homeobox 2 (Barx2), a homeodomain factor of the Bar family, plays a critical role in cell adhesion and cytoskeleton remodeling, and has been reported in an increasing array of tumor types except non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The purpose of the current study was to characterize the expression of Barx2 and assess the clinical significance of Barx2 in NSCLC. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis were used to examine mRNA and protein expression, respectively...
January 17, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338823/relationship-of-methylation-within-upper-stream-region-of-transcription-starts-site-of-hoxa5-gene-with-neural-tube-defects
#2
Ji Zhang, Tian Tian, De Qing Yi, Lin Lin Wang, Ai Guo Ren
Objective To investigate the relationship between the methylation level of transcription starts site (TSS) upper stream of homeobox gene and the neural tube defects (NTDs). Methods A case-control study of two stages was designed. In the first stage,10 cases and 8 controls were extracted,in whom Illumina Infinium Human Methylation 450 k genome-wide beadchip was used for the quantification of DNA methylation levels of brain and spinal tissue. In the second stage,differentially methylated region within HOXA5 gene was detected with a larger numbers of samples (52 cases and 23 controls)...
December 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337233/tau-deficiency-down-regulated-transcription-factor-orthodenticle-homeobox-2-expression-in-the-dopaminergic-neurons-in-ventral-tegmental-area-and-caused-no-obvious-motor-deficits-in-mice
#3
Xiaolu Tang, Luyan Jiao, Meige Zheng, Yan Yan, Qi Nie, Ting Wu, Xiaomei Wan, Guofeng Zhang, Yonglin Li, Song Wu, Bin Jiang, Huaibin Cai, Pingyi Xu, Jinhai Duan, Xian Lin
Tau protein participates in microtubule stabilization, axonal transport, and protein trafficking. Loss of normal tau function will exert a negative effect. However, current knowledge on the impact of tau deficiency on the motor behavior and related neurobiological changes are controversial. In this study, we examined motor functions and analyzed several proteins implicated in the maintenance of midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons (mDANs) function of adult and aged tau+/+, tau+/-, tau-/- mice. We found tau deficiency could not induce significant motor disorders...
January 11, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331666/age-related-oxidative-changes-in-pancreatic-islets-are-predominantly-located-in-the-vascular-system
#4
Richard Kehm, Jeannette König, Kerstin Nowotny, Tobias Jung, Stephanie Deubel, Sabrina Gohlke, Tim Julius Schulz, Annika Höhn
Aged tissues usually show a decreased regenerative capacity accompanied by a decline in functionality. During aging pancreatic islets also undergo several morphological and metabolic changes. Besides proliferative and regenerative limitations, endocrine cells lose their secretory capacity, contributing to a decline in functional islet mass and a deregulated glucose homeostasis. This is linked to several features of aging, such as induction of cellular senescence or the formation of modified proteins, such as advanced glycation end products (AGEs) - the latter mainly examined in relation to hyperglycemia and in disease models...
December 29, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331585/cathepsin-l-promotes-ionizing-radiation-induced-u251-glioma-cell-migration-and-invasion-through-regulating-the-gsk-3%C3%AE-cux1-pathway
#5
Yao Fei, Yajie Xiong, Xiao Shen, Yifan Zhao, Ying Zhu, Long Wang, Zhongqin Liang
Cathepsin L (CTSL) is a lysosomal cysteine protease overexpressed and secreted by tumor cells. Our previous study found that CTSL was involved in ionizing radiation (IR)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the increase of glioma invasion and migration. However, the mechanisms by which CTSL promoted this IR-induced glioma migration and invasion remained unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that IR reduced glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) activity, via the CTSL-mediated phosphorylation of its serine-9 residue, in U251 cells...
January 10, 2018: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330548/shox-haploinsufficiency-presenting-with-isolated-short-long-bones-in-the-second-and-third-trimester
#6
Shwetha Ramachandrappa, Abhijit Kulkarni, Hina Gandhi, Cheryl Ellis, Renata Hutt, Lesley Roberts, Rosol Hamid, Aris Papageorghiou, Sahar Mansour
Haploinsufficiency of the transcription factor short stature homeobox (SHOX) manifests as a spectrum of clinical phenotypes, ranging from disproportionate short stature and Madelung deformity to isolated short stature. Here, we describe five infants with molecularly confirmed diagnoses of SHOX haploinsufficiency who presented in utero with short long bones during routine antenatal scanning from as early as 19 weeks gestation. Other foetal growth parameters were normal. The molecular basis of SHOX haploinsufficiency was distinct in each case...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329360/tumor-suppressor-mir-128-3p-inhibits-metastasis-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-by-targeting-zeb1-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-cancer
#7
Lili Zhao, Rui Li, Shanling Xu, Yi Li, Pei Zhao, Wei Dong, Zhenjun Liu, Qian Zhao, Bo Tan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are some short RNAs that regulate multiple biological functions at post-transcriptional levels, such as tumorigenic processes, inflammatory lesions and cell apoptosis. Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox factor 1 (ZEB1) is a crucial mediator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). It induces malignant progression of various cancers including human esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC). In this study, we found that miR-128-3p was downregulated in ESCC tissues and cells by using PCR...
January 10, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328446/clinical-significance-of-iroquois-homeobox-gene-irx1-in-human-glioma
#8
Pengxing Zhang, Nan Liu, Xiaoshan Xu, Zhen Wang, Yingduan Cheng, Weilin Jin, Xin Wang, Hongwei Yang, Hui Liu, Yongsheng Zhang, Yanyang Tu
The present study aimed to investigate the location, expression and clinical significance of Iroquois homeobox gene (IRX1) in human glioma. The expression of IRX1 gene in glioma cell lines (U87, U373, LN229 and T98G) and normal brain tissue was detected via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The IRX1 protein in fresh glioma specimens, with the adjacent normal brain tissue, was quantified through western blotting. The archived glioma only specimens from the present hospital and glioma specimens with adjacent normal brain tissue, from Alenabio biotechnology, were subjected to immunohistochemistry and tissue microarray analysis, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325758/mir-186-5p-upregulation-inhibits-proliferation-metastasis-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-of-colorectal-cancer-cell-by-targeting-zeb1
#9
Jinlei Li, Limin Xia, Zhenhua Zhou, Zhigui Zuo, Chang Xu, Huayu Song, Jianhui Cai
MicroRNA-186-5p (miR-186-5p) is upregulated and exhibits as a crucial oncogene in various human tumors. However, the functions and underlying mechanisms of this microRNA on colorectal cancer remain largely unknown. Here, we report that miR-186-5p share a lower expression in colorectal cancer cell lines (HT116, H29, SW620 and LoVo) than in normal colonic epithelial cell line NCM460. MiR-186-5p overexpression inhibits proliferation, metastasis and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of colorectal cancer cell line LoVo...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321139/bmp-smad-pathway-promotes-neurogenesis-of-midbrain-dopaminergic-neurons-in-vivo-and-in-human-induced-pluripotent-and-neural-stem-cells
#10
V M Jovanovic, A Salti, H Tilleman, K Zega, M M Jukic, H Zou, R H Friedel, N Prakash, S Blaess, F Edenhofer, C Brodski
The embryonic formation of midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons in vivo provides critical guidelines for the in vitro differentiation of mDA neurons from stem cells, currently being developed for Parkinson's disease cell replacement therapy. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)/SMAD inhibition is routinely used during early steps of stem cell differentiation protocols, including for the generation of mDA neurons. However, the function of the BMP/SMAD pathway for in vivo specification of mammalian mDA neurons is virtually unknown...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320940/methylation-mediated-loss-of-sfrp2-enhances-invasiveness-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#11
X Zhang, X Rong, Y Chen, L Su
The malignancy of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) largely results from its invasive manner. Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) have been recently found to suppress the invasiveness of some cancers. On the other hand, the methylation of SFRPs increases protein degradation to reduce the activity of SFRPs, resulting in increased tumor cell invasion and cancer metastasis. However, the role of SFRPs in the invasion of NSCLC has not been reported. Here we analyzed the regulation of SFRPs in NSCLC cells and its effects on cell invasion...
February 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318479/zeb2-attenuates-lps-induced-inflammation-by-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-hk-2-cells
#12
Qi Ding, Yang Wang, Ai-Ling Zhang, Tao Xu, Dan-Dan Zhou, Xiao-Feng Li, Jun-Fa Yang, Lei Zhang, Xiao Wang
As a transcription factor, zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 2 (ZEB2) includes multiple functional domains which interact with kinds of transcriptional co-effectors. It has been reported that ZEB2 was involved in signal transduction and multiple cellular functions. However, the functional role of ZEB2 in inflammation is still obscure. The aim of the current study is to explore the function of ZEB2 in inflammation cytokine secretion and the role of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human proximal tubule cell line (HK-2) cells...
January 9, 2018: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317822/novel-functionalized-nanoparticles-for-tumor-targeting-co-delivery-of-doxorubicin-and-sirna-to-enhance-cancer-therapy
#13
Yu Xia, Tiantian Xu, Changbing Wang, Yinghua Li, Zhengfang Lin, Mingqi Zhao, Bing Zhu
Human homeobox protein (Nanog) is highly expressed in most cancer cells and has gradually emerged as an excellent target in cancer therapy, owing to its regulation of cancer cell proliferation, metastasis and apoptosis. In this study, we prepared tumor-targeting functionalized selenium nanoparticles (RGDfC-SeNPs) to load chemotherapeutic doxorubicin (DOX) and Nanog siRNA. Herein, RGDfC peptide was used as a tumor-targeting moiety which could specifically bind to αvβ3 integrins overexpressed on various cancer cells...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317480/mir-205-targets-angiogenesis-and-emt-concurrently-in-anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma
#14
Haleh Vosgha, Armin Ariana, Robert Smith, Alfred Lam
The current study aims to evaluate for the first time the inhibitory roles of miR-205 in the pathogenesis of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. In addition, we investigated the mechanisms by which miR-205 regulates angiogenesis and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancer. Two anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cell lines were transfected with the expression vector pCMV-MIR-205. Selected markers of angiogenesis and EMT including vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) and zinc-finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) were investigated by Western blot...
January 9, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316326/orthopedia-homeobox-is-preferentially-expressed-in-typical-carcinoids-of-the-lung
#15
Krisztina Z Hanley, Zachary J Dureau, Cynthia Cohen, Dong M Shin, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Gabriel L Sica
BACKGROUND: Twenty-seven percent of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are associated with distant metastases, and in some patients, the primary site is unknown. Orthopedia homeobox protein (OTP) has been described as a useful marker for lung carcinoids (LCs) and for separating low-grade typical carcinoids (TCs) from intermediate-grade atypical carcinoids (ACs) in resection specimens. This study evaluated OTP, thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1), and Ki-67 expression in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) samples of various NETs...
January 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314250/inhibition-of-camkk2-enhances-fracture-healing-by-stimulating-indian-hedgehog-signaling-and-accelerating-endochondral-ossification
#16
Justin N Williams, Anuradha Valiya Kambrath, Roshni B Patel, Kyung Shin Kang, Elsa Mével, Yong Li, Ying-Hua Cheng, Austin J Pucylowski, Mariah A Hassert, Michael J Voor, Melissa A Kacena, William R Thompson, Stuart J Warden, David B Burr, Matthew R Allen, Alexander G Robling, Uma Sankar
Approximately ten percent of all bone fractures do not heal, resulting in patient morbidity and healthcare costs. However, no pharmacological treatments are currently available to promote efficient bone healing. Inhibition of Ca2+ /calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) reverses age-associated loss of trabecular and cortical bone volume and strength in mice. In the current study, we investigated the role of CaMKK2 in bone fracture healing and show that its pharmacological inhibition using STO-609 accelerates early cellular and molecular events associated with endochondral ossification, resulting in a more rapid and efficient healing of the fracture...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311615/hoxc5-and-mir-615-3p-target-newly-evolved-genomic-regions-to-repress-htert-and-inhibit-tumorigenesis
#17
TingDong Yan, Wen Fong Ooi, Aditi Qamra, Alice Cheung, DongLiang Ma, Gopinath Meenakshi Sundaram, Chang Xu, Manjie Xing, LaiFong Poon, Jing Wang, Yan Ping Loh, Jess Hui Jie Ho, Joscelyn Jun Quan Ng, Muhammad Khairul Ramlee, Luay Aswad, Steve G Rozen, Sujoy Ghosh, Frederic A Bard, Prabha Sampath, Vinay Tergaonkar, James O J Davies, Jim R Hughes, Eyleen Goh, Xuezhi Bi, Melissa Jane Fullwood, Patrick Tan, Shang Li
The repression of telomerase activity during cellular differentiation promotes replicative aging and functions as a physiological barrier for tumorigenesis in long-lived mammals, including humans. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. Here we describe how miR-615-3p represses hTERT expression. mir-615-3p is located in an intron of the HOXC5 gene, a member of the highly conserved homeobox family of transcription factors controlling embryogenesis and development. Unexpectedly, we found that HoxC5 also represses hTERT expression by disrupting the long-range interaction between hTERT promoter and its distal enhancer...
January 8, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305536/pou6f1-mediates-neuropeptide-dependent-plasticity-in-the-adult-brain
#18
Cynthia K McClard, Mikhail Y Kochukov, Isabella Herman, Zhandong Liu, Aiden Eblimit, Yalda Moayedi, Joshua Ortiz-Guzman, Daniel Colchado, Brandon Pekarek, Sugi Paneerselvam, Graeme Mardon, Benjamin R Arenkiel
The mouse olfactory bulb (OB) features continued, activity-dependent integration of adult-born neurons, providing a robust model to examine mechanisms of plasticity in the adult brain. We previously reported that local OB interneurons secrete the neuropeptide corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) in an activity-dependent manner onto adult-born granule neurons, and that local CRH signaling promotes expression of synaptic machinery in the bulb. This effect is mediated via activation of the CRH receptor 1 (CRHR1), which is developmentally regulated during adult-born neuron maturation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303055/yap-is-decreased-in-preeclampsia-and-regulates-invasion-and-apoptosis-of-htr-8-svneo
#19
Man Sun, Quan Na, Ling Huang, Guiyu Song, Feng Jin, Yuanyuan Li, Yue Hou, Danyang Kang, Chong Qiao
Preeclampsia (PE) is a gestational disorder with hypertension and proteinuria leading to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Yes-associated protein (YAP), a transcription coactivator of Hippo pathway, was identified as an oncoprotein participated in tumorigenesis. However, the effect of YAP on trophoblast has not been investigated. In our study, YAP expression levels in first-trimester, full-term, and PE placentas were detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blot assays, and immunohistochemistry...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302581/novel-genetic-associations-between-lung-cancer-and-indoor-radon-exposure
#20
Jung Ran Choi, Sang-Baek Koh, Seong Yong Park, Hye Run Kim, Hyojin Lee, Dae Ryong Kang
Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, for which smoking is considered as the primary risk factor. The present study was conducted to determine whether genetic alterations induced by radon exposure are associated with the susceptible risk of lung cancer in never smokers. Methods: To accurately identify mutations within individual tumors, next generation sequencing was conduct for 19 pairs of lung cancer tissue. The associations of germline and somatic variations with radon exposure were visualized using OncoPrint and heatmap graphs...
December 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
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