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Geriatric dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425972/the-impact-of-hyposalivation-on-quality-of-life-qol-and-oral-health-in-the-aging-population-of-al-madinah-al-munawarrah
#1
Mohammad S Ahmad, Ahmed Bhayat, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Khalid H Al-Samadani
Hyposalivation (HS) affects aging individuals by causing pain and discomfort in the oral cavity. The aim here was to determine the impact of hyposalivation and the saliva pH on the quality of life and caries status of geriatrics population. A total of 138 male outpatients attending the Taibah University College of Dentistry (TUCoD) dental clinic were included in the study. The saliva flow, pH, Quality of Life (QoL), and caries status were recorded. The QoL was measured using the Arabic version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), and the caries status was recorded using the Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393387/dental-students-reflections-about-long-term-care-experiences-through-an-existing-model-of-oral-health
#2
Mario Brondani, Komkham Pattanaporn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore students' reflective thinking about long-term care experiences from the perspective of a model of oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 186 reflections from 193 second-year undergraduate dental students enrolled between 2011/12 and 2014/15 at the University of British Columbia were explored qualitatively. Reflections had a word limit of 300, and students were asked to relate an existing model of oral health to their long-term care experiences...
April 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351394/higher-education-in-gerodontology-in-european-universities
#3
Anastassia Kossioni, Gerry McKenna, Frauke Müller, Martin Schimmel, Jacques Vanobbergen
BACKGROUND: The rapid aging of the European population and the subsequent increase in the oral care needs in older adults necessitates adequate training of dental professionals in Gerodontology (Geriatric Dentistry). This study was designed to investigate the current status of Gerodontology teaching amongst European dental schools at the undergraduate, postgraduate and continuing education levels. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was developed by a panel of experts and emailed to the Deans or other contact persons of 216 dental schools across 39 European countries...
March 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258270/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-and-nonhospitalized-geriatric-patients
#4
Abdulaziz M AlBaker, Fahad F AlBaqami, Tariq M AlHarbi, Mohammad D AlAmri, Jagan K Baskaradoss
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health status and its effect on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients in a single community. The null hypothesis for the study states that there is no difference in the oral health status and OHRQoL between hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the King Khalid Hospital and College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#5
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195645/exploring-the-views-of-relatives-of-frail-elderly-patients-about-participating-in-a-geriatric-dentistry-program
#6
Diego Machado Ardenghi, Chris Wyatt
Elderly residents of long-term care facilities (LTC) have difficulty accessing dental services. Aiming to improve access for this population, the Geriatric Dental Program (GDP) was established by UBC Faculty of Dentistry in 2002. Within the GDP, elderly people receive fee-for-service dental care. The objective of this research was to explore whether accessing these services had an impact on the lives of the patients' relatives. Data was collected through semi-structured, face-to-face, audio-recorded interviews with family members of 12 GDP patients...
February 14, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065430/informed-consent-in-dental-care-and-research-for-the-older-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Amrita Mukherjee, Alicia A Livinski, Joseph Millum, Steffany Chamut, Shahdokht Boroumand, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: Ethics in health care and research is based on the fundamental principle of informed consent. However, informed consent in geriatric dentistry is not well documented. Poor health, cognitive decline, and the passive nature of many geriatric patients complicate this issue. METHODS: The authors completed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors searched the PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases...
April 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000268/implants-for-elderly-patients
#8
REVIEW
Martin Schimmel, Frauke Müller, Valérie Suter, Daniel Buser
In the developed world, the large birth cohorts of the so-called baby boomer generation have arrived in medical and dental practices. Often, elderly patients are 'young-old' baby boomers in whom partial edentulism is the predominant indication for implant therapy. However, the generation 85+ years of age represents a new challenge for the dental profession, as their lives are frequently dominated by dependency, multimorbidity and frailty. In geriatric implant dentistry, treatment planning is highly individualized, as interindividual differences become more pronounced with age...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903881/social-work-s-participation-in-the-geriatric-education-centers-educational-evaluation
#9
Kristina M Hash, Marla Berg-Weger, Daniel B Stewart, David P Elliott
This study was conducted to determine the level and types of participation of social workers in the activities of the Geriatric Education Centers (GECs). Through an online survey of GECs, the level of participation of social work professionals was compared with those in dentistry, nursing, medicine, and pharmacy, during the years 2010 to 2014. Thirty-one percent (14) of the 45 GECs completed the survey. The results found increases in participation for both social workers and nurses for both GEC activities and involvement in leadership positions within the centers...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756481/-%C3%A2-ageism%C3%A2-as-social-problem-in-geriatrics-regarding-the-measurement-of-ageism-in-dentistry-students
#10
Enrique Fernández, Héctor Monardes, Carlos Díaz, Fernando Fuentes, Paula Padilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501487/geriatric-periodontology-how-the-need-to-care-for-the-aging-population-can-influence-the-future-of-the-dental-profession
#11
REVIEW
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
2016: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486296/the-range-of-diagnoses-for-oral-soft-tissue-biopsies-of-geriatric-patients-in-a-saudi-arabian-teaching-hospital
#12
Ahmed Qannam, Ibrahim O Bello
INTRODUCTION: The increased life expectancy being observed worldwide necessitates careful planning for future geriatric oral health care needs, which should be based on epidemiologic surveys to identify these needs. We aimed to survey the range of lesions diagnosed in soft-tissue biopsies of patients over age 60 over a 30-year period in a Saudi Arabian teaching hospital. METHODS: The histopathology records of geriatric patients with complete demographic data who were diagnosed between 1984 and 2013 at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, were reviewed...
April 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401382/-reality-and-challenges-of-the-oral-health-for-older-adults-in-chile-and-the-role-of-a-new-discipline-geriatric-dentistry
#13
Soraya León, Rodrigo A Giacaman
Chile is experiencing one of the fastest aging processes in Latin America. The implications derived from this phenomenon involve many aspects of the society, especially health care. In particular, insufficient oral health coverage in the country limits oral care provision for a population with a high prevalence and severity of oral diseases. These conditions include dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, defective prostheses, oral mucosa lesions and xerostomia, among others, and strongly affect quality of life of the elderly population...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281554/remineralizing-agents-the-next-frontier
#14
Preetika Chandna, Nikhil Srivastava, Sabika Ali
Remineralizing agents represent the new frontier in dentistry. They may be classified as fluoride agents, calcium and phosphate based agents, herbal agents or combinations. The modes of delivery of remineralizing agents may be as dentifrices, mouth rinses, lozenges or chewing gums. The applications of remineralizing agents may be extrapolated to virtually every branch of dentistry ranging from pediatric to geriatric dentistry.
June 6, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141170/use-of-powerpoint-presentation-as-a-teaching-tool-for-undergraduate-students-in-the-subject-of-gerodontology
#15
Kamal Shigli, Neha Agrawal, Chandrasekharan Nair, Suresh Sajjan, Pradnya Kakodkar, Mamata Hebbal
AIM: Though different teaching learning media have been employed in the instruction of geriatric dentistry, their efficacy has not been adequately evaluated. This study was conducted with the aim to determine the efficacy of a PowerPoint presentation in teaching gerodontology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective follow-up study using a pre- and post-intervention assessment. A pilot study was conducted on the final year students to check the feasibility of the study...
April 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26865386/core-competencies-in-geriatric-dentistry-fellowship-programs-a-delphi-study
#16
Christie M Hogue, Allen D Andrade, Jorge G Ruiz, Gretchen Gibson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The healthcare workforce is challenged with preparing for the increasing number of older persons and complexities of their healthcare needs. Fellowship trained geriatric dentists are charged with the task of addressing the dental needs of this vastly growing cohort.The purpose of this study is to formulate a set of competencies for Geriatric Dental Fellowship Training Programs. METHODS: The Delphi technique-a series of three rounds of anonymous questionnaires to obtain the opinions of experts without bringing them together...
July 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819998/geriatric-dentistry-in-the-21st-century-environment-and-opportunity
#17
Paul Glassman
The aging of the baby boomers in the 21st century is creating unprecedented numbers of vulnerable older adults. The increase in people keeping their teeth and their increasingly complex conditions all point to more people with more complex needs. Although these demographic shifts are providing unparalleled challenges for our health care system, they also bring new opportunities to develop and implement innovative systems for reaching and maintaining the oral health of older Americans.
July 2015: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26568408/engaging-dental-professionals-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-staff-perspectives-regarding-access-to-oral-care
#18
Lydia Hearn, Linda Slack-Smith
The limited access to oral care for older people living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) has been noted repeatedly in the literature. The aim of this study was to explore RACF staff perspectives on how to engage dental professionals in the provision of oral care for RACF residents. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 staff from six purposively selected RACFs located in high socioeconomic areas to gain understanding of the multidimensional issues that influenced the engagement of dental professionals from a carer perspective...
November 16, 2015: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26538894/india-s-baby-boomers-in-driving-need-for-dental-care
#19
REVIEW
Savita Dandakeri, Shilpa Dandekeri, B Gunachandra Rai, Nitin Suvarna, Mallikarjuna Ragher, Rachana Prabhu
The present paper aims to review the literature on increasing health care challenges and needs of a growing Indian geriatric population. It also focuses on the need to overcome the shortfalls in its current oral health status in elderly. This review is based on a PubMed database search engine published in the period from 1990 to 2010 in various dental journals. Different strategies are designed to provide better facilities and easy access of these facilities not only to elderly living in the city but to the one's in rural areas...
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26494518/health-trends-in-a-geriatric-and-special-needs-clinic-patient-population
#20
Katherine J Lee, Ronald L Ettinger, Howard J Cowen, Daniel J Caplan
PURPOSE: To quantify differences and recent changes in health status among patients attending the Geriatric and Special Needs Dentistry (GSND) and Family Dentistry (FAMD) clinics at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry. METHODS: A total of 388 randomly selected records from patients attending the GSND or FAMD clinics from 1996-2000 or from 2006-2010 were reviewed. Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted, followed by multivariable logistic regression analyses to compare characteristics of patients across clinics...
November 2015: Special Care in Dentistry
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