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Geriatric dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603314/geriatric-dentistry-education-and-context-in-a-selection-of-countries-in-5-continents
#1
Leonardo Marchini, Ronald Ettinger, Xi Chen, Anastassia Kossioni, Haiping Tan, Sayaka Tada, Kazunori Ikebe, Elizabeth Bosede Dosumu, Fadekemi O Oginni, Patricia Adetokunbo Akeredolu, Azeez Butali, Leeann Donnelly, Mario Brondani, Bernd Fritzsch, Henry A Adeola
PURPOSE/AIM: To summarize and discuss how geriatric dentistry has been addressed in dental schools of different countries regarding to (1) teaching students at the predoctoral level; (2) advanced training, and (3) research. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A convenience sample of faculty members from a selection of high, upper-middle and lower-middle income countries were recruited to complete the survey. The survey had 5 open-ended main topics, and asked about (1) the size of their elderly population, (2) general information about dental education; (3) the number of dental schools teaching geriatric dentistry, and their teaching methods; (4) advanced training in geriatric dentistry; (5) scholarship/research in geriatric dentistry...
March 30, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578417/relationship-between-general-health-oral-health-and-healthy-lifestyle-in-elderly-population-review
#2
S Puturidze, M Margvelashvili, L Bilder, M Kalandadze, V Margvelashvili
This literature review aims to investigate how a poor oral health impacts on general health and healthy lifestyle of elderly people. The literature review was performed using ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed databases to identify relevant published studies. The year of publication was limited to over the past 5 years and the language was limited to English. Having considered the relevant articles' abstracts the 36 articles were selected. Systematical literature revision shows that recently, the older population has increased worldwide and it is being predicted to keep growing in near future...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479912/undergraduate-students-knowledge-on-temporomandibular-disorders-in-croatia
#3
Tomislav Badel, Ivona Bago Jurič, Vesna Fugošić, Ivan Zajc, Andreja Carek, Dijana Zadravec
The aim of this study was to evaluate Croatian undergraduate students' knowledge based on what they learned in the recent course, as well as the students' own judgment and opinions about geriatric dentistry education concerning temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) of the elderly. The study was carried out by means of a questionnaire administered in the last study year to students of the School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb and students of the Department of Dental Medicine at the School of Medicine, University of Rijeka...
September 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279682/dental-prosthetic-status-and-prosthetic-needs-of-geriatric-patients-attending-the-college-of-dentistry-al-jouf-university-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#4
Bader K AlZarea
Objective: To evaluate the dental prosthetic status and prosthetic needs of geriatric patients attending the College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Patients aged 60 years and above were included in this study. The World Health Organization oral health assessment pro forma was employed to record the data pertaining to the prosthetic status and prosthetic treatment needs of participants. Data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA) Version 20...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171075/geriatrics-disabilities-dentistry-ethics-and-economics
#5
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Andrew G Schwartz, Charles D Larsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063645/curriculum-content-in-geriatric-dentistry-in-usa-dental-schools
#6
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to re-examine the teaching of geriatric dentistry in the USA dental schools, to identify curriculum content and compare the findings to previous reports. METHODS: All dental schools in the United States were contacted via email with a questionnaire to assess the teaching of geriatric dentistry. Non-responding schools were sent a minimum of three reminder emails to complete the survey. A statistical analysis was performed. Descriptive statistics were conducted to profile the variables of interest...
October 23, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966187/postdoctoral-teaching-of-geriatric-dentistry-in-u-s-dental-schools
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
The aim of this study was to determine the number and size of postdoctoral teaching programs in geriatric dentistry in U.S. dental schools and other health professions educational institutions and those programs with Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) funding. In 2015, all 67 U.S. dental schools were contacted via email with a questionnaire to ask if they had a postdoctoral program in geriatric dentistry; if they did, they were asked to report the length and size of the program. Directors of all 16 HRSA-funded geriatric fellowships were also invited to participate in the survey...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947693/-oral-healthcare-for-the-persons-with-special-needs
#8
Ichijiro Morisaki
The field of special care dentistry is rapidly gaining recognition as a service that should be provided to the persons with physical, mental or intellectual disabilities by general practitioner, pediatric or geriatric dentists as well as dental hygienists. Because the oral healthcare and dental treatments are given in the narrow space of oral cavity and also accompanying technical difficulties with high risk of injury, the special needs patients are treated under being controlled their behavior or body motion by applying psychological, physical or pharmacological techniques...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765436/predoctoral-teaching-of-geriatric-dentistry-in-u-s-dental-schools
#9
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
The aim of this study was to assess the current teaching of geriatric dentistry in U.S. dental schools and compare the findings to previous reports. Academic deans at all 67 U.S. dental schools were contacted in November 2015 via email, asking them to complete a questionnaire about the teaching of geriatric dentistry or gerodontology at their institution. Questionnaires were received from 56 of the 67 schools (84% response rate). The results showed that geriatric dentistry was taught in all responding schools; for 92...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553412/dental-and-oral-problem-patterns-and-treatment-seeking-behavior-of-geriatric-population
#10
Bader K AlZarea
BACKGROUND: The manifestations of oral changes and disorders affecting the geriatric population are different from the rest of the population. Inaccessibility to dental care is a compelling impediment to avail oral health services. OBJECTIVE: The aims were to assess the dental and oral problems and to find out the determinants of oral health seeking behaviour among elderly population of Al-Jouf province, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The present cross sectional study included geriatric patients of 60 years and above, who visited the College of Dentistry, Al-Jouf University...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533731/effect-of-loss-of-teeth-and-its-association-with-general-quality-of-life-using-geriatric-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-among-older-individuals-residing-in-rural-areas
#11
Vinaya Kundapur, Rakshith Hegde, Manoj Shetty, Sunil Mankar, Mohammed Hilal, Hari Prasad A
The development of measures for assessing oral health status is essential to the evolution and maturation of a scientific knowledge based in geriatric dentistry. Their development as branches of clinical care depends in part as ability to demonstrate an effective grasp of the problems of elderly and their solutions. Any strategy for altering the health status of elderly requires a technology for first assessing that health status and then detecting increments of progress. Development of geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) is a self reported measure designed to assess the oral health problems of older individuals...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425972/the-impact-of-hyposalivation-on-quality-of-life-qol-and-oral-health-in-the-aging-population-of-al-madinah-al-munawarrah
#12
Mohammad S Ahmad, Ahmed Bhayat, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Khalid H Al-Samadani
Hyposalivation (HS) affects aging individuals by causing pain and discomfort in the oral cavity. The aim here was to determine the impact of hyposalivation and the saliva pH on the quality of life and caries status of geriatrics population. A total of 138 male outpatients attending the Taibah University College of Dentistry (TUCoD) dental clinic were included in the study. The saliva flow, pH, Quality of Life (QoL), and caries status were recorded. The QoL was measured using the Arabic version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), and the caries status was recorded using the Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393387/dental-students-reflections-about-long-term-care-experiences-through-an-existing-model-of-oral-health
#13
Mario Brondani, Komkham Pattanaporn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore students' reflective thinking about long-term care experiences from the perspective of a model of oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 186 reflections from 193 second-year undergraduate dental students enrolled between 2011/12 and 2014/15 at the University of British Columbia were explored qualitatively. Reflections had a word limit of 300, and students were asked to relate an existing model of oral health to their long-term care experiences...
April 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351394/higher-education-in-gerodontology-in-european-universities
#14
Anastassia Kossioni, Gerry McKenna, Frauke Müller, Martin Schimmel, Jacques Vanobbergen
BACKGROUND: The rapid aging of the European population and the subsequent increase in the oral care needs in older adults necessitates adequate training of dental professionals in Gerodontology (Geriatric Dentistry). This study was designed to investigate the current status of Gerodontology teaching amongst European dental schools at the undergraduate, postgraduate and continuing education levels. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was developed by a panel of experts and emailed to the Deans or other contact persons of 216 dental schools across 39 European countries...
March 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258270/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-and-nonhospitalized-geriatric-patients
#15
Abdulaziz M AlBaker, Fahad F AlBaqami, Tariq M AlHarbi, Mohammad D AlAmri, Jagan K Baskaradoss
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health status and its effect on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients in a single community. The null hypothesis for the study states that there is no difference in the oral health status and OHRQoL between hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the King Khalid Hospital and College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#16
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195645/exploring-the-views-of-relatives-of-frail-elderly-patients-about-participating-in-a-geriatric-dentistry-program
#17
Diego Machado Ardenghi, Chris Wyatt
Elderly residents of long-term care facilities (LTC) have difficulty accessing dental services. Aiming to improve access for this population, the Geriatric Dental Program (GDP) was established by UBC Faculty of Dentistry in 2002. Within the GDP, elderly people receive fee-for-service dental care. The objective of this research was to explore whether accessing these services had an impact on the lives of the patients' relatives. Data was collected through semi-structured, face-to-face, audio-recorded interviews with family members of 12 GDP patients...
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065430/informed-consent-in-dental-care-and-research-for-the-older-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Amrita Mukherjee, Alicia A Livinski, Joseph Millum, Steffany Chamut, Shahdokht Boroumand, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: Ethics in health care and research is based on the fundamental principle of informed consent. However, informed consent in geriatric dentistry is not well documented. Poor health, cognitive decline, and the passive nature of many geriatric patients complicate this issue. METHODS: The authors completed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors searched the PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases...
April 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000268/implants-for-elderly-patients
#19
REVIEW
Martin Schimmel, Frauke Müller, Valérie Suter, Daniel Buser
In the developed world, the large birth cohorts of the so-called baby boomer generation have arrived in medical and dental practices. Often, elderly patients are 'young-old' baby boomers in whom partial edentulism is the predominant indication for implant therapy. However, the generation 85+ years of age represents a new challenge for the dental profession, as their lives are frequently dominated by dependency, multimorbidity and frailty. In geriatric implant dentistry, treatment planning is highly individualized, as interindividual differences become more pronounced with age...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903881/social-work-s-participation-in-the-geriatric-education-centers-educational-evaluation
#20
Kristina M Hash, Marla Berg-Weger, Daniel B Stewart, David P Elliott
This study was conducted to determine the level and types of participation of social workers in the activities of the Geriatric Education Centers (GECs). Through an online survey of GECs, the level of participation of social work professionals was compared with those in dentistry, nursing, medicine, and pharmacy, during the years 2010 to 2014. Thirty-one percent (14) of the 45 GECs completed the survey. The results found increases in participation for both social workers and nurses for both GEC activities and involvement in leadership positions within the centers...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
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