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Mazda K Turel, Ari G Chacko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neurology India
Yad Ram Yadav, Shailendra Ratre, Vijay Parihar, Amitesh Dubey, Mashoo N Dubey
Symptomatic ventral cervical cord compressions have been treated by anterior discectomy with fusion, anterior corpectomy and fusion, discectomy with an artificial disc, and minimally invasive techniques. There are complications associated with the fusion procedure, especially when a long segment fusion is undertaken. Partial removal of the vertebral body without fusion could help in avoiding fusion and its associated complications. We are describing the detailed surgical technique, indications, limitations, and early results of endoscopic partially corpectomy...
March 2018: Neurology India
Carlo Doria, Giulia Raffaella Mosele, Massimo Balsano, Gianluca Maestretti, Gianfilippo Caggiari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results on anterior decompression and fusion with titanium mesh or expanding cage and plate fixation in patients with cervical myelopathy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicentric review of 114 patients, 75 males and 39 females, with cervical myelopathy who underwent surgical treatment between July 2009 to December 2011. All surgeries were performed via a ventral approach. Based on the type of surgery the patients received, they were divided into 3 groups: group 1 consisted of 49 patients who received multilevel corpectomies and fusion with strut iliac bone graft and plates; group 2 consisted of 26 patients who received multilevel corpectomies and fusion with titanium expanding cage and plating; group 3 consisted of 39 patients who received multilevel corpectomies and fusion using titanium mesh with autologous bone graft and anterior plating...
March 12, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Bharat R Dave, Devanand Degulmadi, Shreekant Dahibhate, Ajay Krishnan, Denish Patel
PURPOSE: Anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) is a technically challenging surgery. Use of conventional instruments like high-speed burr and kerrison rongeurs is associated with high complication rates such as increased blood loss and incidental durotomy. Use of ultrasonic bone scalpel (UBS) in cervical corpectomy helps to minimize such adverse events. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study based on the data of 101 consecutive patients who underwent cervical corpectomies with UBS for different cervical spine pathologies from December 2014 to December 2016...
March 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
Ji-Hui Zhang, Liu-Jun Zhao
Instability of the cervical spine disease requires surgery to restore stability. In the past, surgical methods were divided into two kinds of anterior and posterior. But each has its own disadvantages:anterior vertebral screw has a higher failure rate, sometimes need a second operation; and posterior pedicle screw, lateral mass screw and facet joint screw may make greater trauma, lead to longer hospitalization. For general instable cervical spine disease, according to the location of the disease, only with the anterior or posterior approach can achieve a stable effect...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jia-Fu Zhu, Ning Yan, Wei-Xing Xu, Tie-Sheng Hou, Shun-Zhi Yu, Hong Liu, Li-Feng Zhai
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects between anterior cervical discectomy and fusion(ACDF) combined with anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion(ACCF) and cervical posterior single open-door laminoplasty with mini-titanium plate fixation in treating three-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: The clinical data of 63 patients (39 males and 24 females) with three-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent surgical treatment from March 2014 to March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Feng Yang, Ming-Sheng Tan, Ping Yi, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Qing-Ying Hao, Ying-Na Qi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect between spinal card decompression combined with traditional Chinese medicine and simple spinal card decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: From June 2012 to June 2015, 73 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated, including 42 males and 31 females, aged from 29 to 73 years old with a mean of 50.9 years old. The patients were divided into the simple operation group (34 cases) and the operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group(39 cases) according to the idea of themselves...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Kai Huang, Bu-Qing Chang, Chao-Jiang Yu, Xiao Gao, Yun-Chang Jiang, Hu Feng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of anterior corpectomy combined with anterior intervertebral decompression and fusion for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: The clinical data of 28 patients with multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy who underwent surgery from October 2012 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 18 males and 10 females, aged from 45 to 77 years old with an average of (60.11±9.37) years. Three levels were involved in 27 cases, while four levels were involved in 1 case...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Zhong-Yang Gao, Hui Song, Yu-Huan Li, Peng-Rong Ouyang, Yi-Bin Wang, Xi-Jing He
OBJECTIVE: To study the change trend of cervical range of motion(ROM) after single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion(ACCF) in treating cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: The clinical data of 23 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy was retrospectively analyzed from February 2015 to April 2016. There were 11 males and 12 females, with an average age of (54.6±13.3) years. All the patients were diagnosed as cervical spondylotic myelopathy by interrogation, physical examination and radiology, and were treated by ACCF...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Zhi-Jing Zhang, Yi-Sheng Lu, Hong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare radiographic results and clinical effects of titanium mesh cage with two endcaps(on-endcaps titanium mesh cage) and without endcaps(non-endcaps titanium mesh cage) in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion(ACCF) for elderly cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: The clinical data of 60 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent ACCF from January 2011 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 26 males and 34 females, aged from 68 to 79 years old with a mean 75...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Vinayak Narayan, Nasser Mohammed, Amey R Savardekar, Devi Prasad Patra, Anil Nanda
INTRODUCTION: Spinal tuberculosis [TB] is a common infectious disease prevalent in developing countries and a rising disaster in developed countries. The association of tuberculosis with spondylolisthesis is rarely reported in literature. The aim of our review is to analyse the clinical features and radiologic characteristics of TB spondylolisthesis along with providing a concise update on its surgical management, based on current literature. METHODS: A systematic review is performed after conducting a thorough search in the PubMed database...
March 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Paolo Missori, Maurizio Domenicucci, Daniele Marruzzo
BACKGROUND: Removing the posterior longitudinal ligament in cervical corpectomy is a controversial issue: it is unclear whether the risks are counterbalanced by clinical benefits. Another unexplored topic is whether the width of the corpectomy affects outcome. METHODS: This cross-sectional retrospective study included consecutive patients that underwent cervical corpectomy for spondylosis by 6 different neurosurgeons. We compared two groups, where the posterior longitudinal ligament was either removed (N=15 patients) or preserved (N=21 patients)...
March 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Kenneth Aaron Shaw, Matthew Griffith, Edward T Mottern, David M Gloystein, John G Devine
Cervical corpectomy is a viable technique for the treatment of multilevel cervical spine pathology. Despite multiple advances in both surgical technique and implant technology, the rate of construct subsidence can range from 6% for single-level procedures to 71% for multilevel procedures. In this technical note, we describe a novel technique, the bump-stop technique, for cervical corpectomy. The technique positions the superior and inferior screw holes such that the vertebral bodies bisect them. This allows for fixation in the dense cortical bone of the endplate while providing a buttress to corpectomy cage subsidence...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Dong-Ho Lee, Jae Hwan Cho, Choon Sung Lee, Chang Ju Hwang, Sung Hoon Choi, Chul Gie Hong
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Conventional anterior decompression surgery for cervical myelopathy, including anterior corpectomy and fusion, is technically demanding and known to be associated with a higher incidence of surgery-related complications, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage, neurologic deterioration, and graft failure compared with posterior surgery. PURPOSE: We introduce a novel anterior decompression technique (vertebral body sliding osteotomy; VBSO) for cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and evaluate the efficacy and safety of this procedure...
February 26, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Numan Karaarslan, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Hanefi Ozbek, Duygu Sirin Yasar, Necati Kaplan, Yener Akyuva, Aylin Gonultas, Ozkan Ates
AIM: In this scientific research project, the researchers aimed to determine the gene expression patterns of nucleus pulposus (NP) in cell cultures obtained from degenerated or intact tissues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Whereas 12 of the cases were diagnosed with lumbar disc hernia and had undergone lumbar microdiscectomy, 12 cases had undergone traumatic intervertebral discectomy and corpectomy, along with discectomy after spinal trauma. NP-specific markers and gene expressions of the reagents of the extracellular matrix in the experimental setup were tested at the 0th, 24th, and 48th hours by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
January 22, 2018: Turkish Neurosurgery
Yijian Zhang, Hao Liu, Huilin Yang, Bin Pi
PURPOSE: To compare the postoperative sagittal balance and occurrence of axial symptoms between anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for the treatment of two-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: A total of 71 consecutive patients who underwent ACCF or ACDF for two-level CSM in our institution from January 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Of these patients, 30 (17 males, 13 females) were subjected to ACCF, and 41 (20 males, 21 females) were treated with ACDF...
February 24, 2018: International Orthopaedics
John Duff, Mir M Hussain, Noelle Klocke, Jonathan A Harris, Soumya S Yandamuri, Lukas Bobinski, Roy T Daniel, Brandon S Bucklen
BACKGROUND: Cervical vertebral body fractures generally are treated through an anterior-posterior approach. Cervical pedicle screws offer an alternative to circumferential fixation. This biomechanical study quantifies whether cervical pedicle screws alone can restore the stability of a three-column vertebral body fracture, making standard 360° reconstruction unnecessary. METHODS: Range of motion (2.0 Nm) in flexion-extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation was tested on 10 cadaveric specimens (five/group) at C2-T1 with a spine kinematics simulator...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Andrew J Kobets, Daniel Komlos, John K Houten
BACKGROUND: Ehler-Danlos syndome (EDS) refers to a group of heritable connective tissue disorders; rare manifestations of which are cervical kyphosis and clinical myelopathy. Surgical treatment is described for the deformity in the thoracolumbar spine in adolescents but not for infantile cervical spine. Internal fixation for deformity correction in the infantile cervical spine is challenging due to the diminutive size of the bony anatomy and the lack of spinal instrumentation specifically designed for young children...
February 15, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Shenghua He, Hualong Feng, Zhiming Lan, Juyi Lai, Zhitao Sun, Yeguang Wang, Jian Wang, Zhiqiang Ren, Feiqiang Huang, Fuguang Xu
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized study from a single center OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between a zero-profile (ZP) anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) construct to a traditional ACDF with anterior cervical plate (ACP) in the treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy can be treated by a variety of techniques, most commonly with corpectomy, ACDF, posterior cervical fusion, or a combination of the three...
March 1, 2018: Spine
Martin H Pham, Joshua Bakhsheshian
Management of metastatic spinal disease in the upper cervical spine can be particularly challenging. Depending on the level of the lesion and the patient's anatomy, multiple anterior approaches have been described for resection of the cancer, followed by posterior fixation and instrumentation. Although a single-stage posterolateral approach is now well established for thoracic pathology, less is known about the applicability of these principles when applied as an approach to the cervical spine. The authors present here a case using a posterolateral transpedicular approach for corpectomy and graft placement for circumferential reconstruction as a treatment of metastatic disease in the cervical spine to illustrate the feasibility of this technique, especially in the setting where the patient's anatomy or pathology may impede an anterior or combined circumferential approach...
February 9, 2018: European Spine Journal
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