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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917174/-disinfection-of-injection-ports-a-systematic-overview-of-optimal-scrub-time
#1
Lars Breimer, Håkan Geijer, Lars Berggren
Central venous catheter bloodstream infections are an important cause of hospital-acquired infection with increased morbidity, mortality and cost. The incidence varies between countries and even hospitals. Needleless connector hubs are used on virtually all intravascular devices and colonization of these is considered the cause of much of the postinsertion catheter-related infections through breaks in aseptic technique and failure to disinfect properly. This systematic review evaluated 165 search hits on hub disinfection practices with particular emphasis on the time of scrubbing the connector for 15 sec but also the impact of measures of education and compliance...
June 15, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914861/recruiting-hard-to-reach-populations-for-survey-research-using-facebook-and-instagram-advertisements-and-in-person-intercept-in-lgbt-bars-and-nightclubs-to-recruit-lgbt-young-adults
#2
Jamie Guillory, Kristine F Wiant, Matthew Farrelly, Leah Fiacco, Ishrat Alam, Leah Hoffman, Erik Crankshaw, Janine Delahanty, Tesfa N Alexander
BACKGROUND: Tobacco public education campaigns focus increasingly on hard-to-reach populations at higher risk for smoking, prompting campaign creators and evaluators to develop strategies to reach hard-to-reach populations in virtual and physical spaces where they spend time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe two novel recruitment strategies (in-person intercept interviews in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender [LGBT] social venues and targeted social media ads) and compares characteristics of participants recruited via these strategies for the US Food and Drug Administration's This Free Life campaign evaluation targeting LGBT young adults who smoke cigarettes occasionally...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914337/the-relationship-between-perceptions-of-emergency-preparedness-disaster-experience-health-care-provider-education-and-emergency-preparedness-levels
#3
Charleen C McNeill, Tim S Killian, Zola Moon, Kelly A Way, M E Betsy Garrison
Objective The purpose of this study was to assess the self-reported level of individual emergency preparedness, the dependent variable, of people who attended a community health-related fair. The study's independent variables included demographic characteristics, perceptions of preparedness, previous disaster experience, and the presence of a medical condition and were used to examine the variability in self-reported emergency preparedness levels. Methods Data came from attendees at two community health-related fairs...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912829/automated-metrics-in-a-virtual-reality-myringotomy-simulator-development-and-construct-validity
#4
Caiwen Huang, Horace Cheng, Yves Bureau, Hanif M Ladak, Sumit K Agrawal
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were: 1) to develop and implement a set of automated performance metrics into the Western myringotomy simulator, and 2) to establish construct validity. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective simulator-based assessment study. SETTING: The Auditory Biophysics Laboratory at Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven participants were recruited from the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery at Western University: four senior otolaryngology consultants and seven junior otolaryngology residents...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897886/interactive-molecular-graphics-for-augmented-reality-using-hololens
#5
Christoph Müller, Michael Krone, Markus Huber, Verena Biener, Dominik Herr, Steffen Koch, Guido Reina, Daniel Weiskopf, Thomas Ertl
Immersive technologies like stereo rendering, virtual reality, or augmented reality (AR) are often used in the field of molecular visualisation. Modern, comparably lightweight and affordable AR headsets like Microsoft's HoloLens open up new possibilities for immersive analytics in molecular visualisation. A crucial factor for a comprehensive analysis of molecular data in AR is the rendering speed. HoloLens, however, has limited hardware capabilities due to requirements like battery life, fanless cooling and weight...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895093/does-the-virtual-refractor-patient-simulator-improve-student-competency-when-refracting-in-the-consulting-room
#6
Mohammed S Alhazmi, Craig W Butler, Barbara M Junghans
BACKGROUND: The use of patient simulators in ophthalmic education appears limited. This study examines the effects of the addition of the 'Virtual Refractor' patient simulator learning activity into a short unit preparing students to determine the power of the spectacle lenses required by patients in a clinic. METHODS: Twenty-four year one optometry students were randomly assigned to either the simulator-intervention group (n = 12) or the non-intervention group...
June 12, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893013/online-virtual-cases-to-teach-resource-stewardship
#7
Linghong Linda Zhou, Gordon Tait, Sharron Sandhu, Amanda Steiman, Shirley Lake
BACKGROUND: As health care costs rise, medical education must focus on high-value clinical decision making. To teach and assess efficient resource use in rheumatology, online virtual interactive cases (VICs) were developed to simulate real patient encounters to increase price transparency and reinforce cost consciousness. To teach and assess efficient resource use in rheumatology, online virtual interactive cases (VICs) were developed METHODS: The VIC modules were distributed to a sample of medical students and internal medicine residents, who were required to assess patients, order appropriate investigations, develop differential diagnoses and formulate management plans...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890627/a-critical-review-of-the-use-of-virtual-reality-in-construction-engineering-education-and-training
#8
REVIEW
Peng Wang, Peng Wu, Jun Wang, Hung-Lin Chi, Xiangyu Wang
Virtual Reality (VR) has been rapidly recognized and implemented in construction engineering education and training (CEET) in recent years due to its benefits of providing an engaging and immersive environment. The objective of this review is to critically collect and analyze the VR applications in CEET, aiming at all VR-related journal papers published from 1997 to 2017. The review follows a three-stage analysis on VR technologies, applications and future directions through a systematic analysis. It is found that the VR technologies adopted for CEET evolve over time, from desktop-based VR, immersive VR, 3D game-based VR, to Building Information Modelling (BIM)-enabled VR...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884550/absorption-of-wireless-radiation-in-the-child-versus-adult-brain-and-eye-from-cell-phone-conversation-or-virtual-reality
#9
C Fernández, A A de Salles, M E Sears, R D Morris, D L Davis
Children's brains are more susceptible to hazardous exposures, and are thought to absorb higher doses of radiation from cell phones in some regions of the brain. Globally the numbers and applications of wireless devices are increasing rapidly, but since 1997 safety testing has relied on a large, homogenous, adult male head phantom to simulate exposures; the "Standard Anthropomorphic Mannequin" (SAM) is used to estimate only whether tissue temperature will be increased by more than 1 Celsius degree in the periphery...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881645/is-blended-learning-and-problem-based-learning-course-design-suited-to-develop-future-public-health-leaders-an-explorative-european-study
#10
Karen D Könings, Nynke de Jong, Christa Lohrmann, Linas Sumskas, Tony Smith, Stephen J O'Connor, Ingrid A E Spanjers, Jeroen J G Van Merriënboer, Katarzyna Czabanowska
Background: Public health leaders are confronted with complex problems, and developing effective leadership competencies is essential. The teaching of leadership is still not common in public health training programs around the world. A reconceptualization of professional training is needed and can benefit from innovative educational approaches. Our aim was to explore learners' perceptions of the effectiveness and appeal of a public health leadership course using problem-based, blended learning methods that used virtual learning environment technologies...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879636/consideration-of-using-virtual-reality-for-teaching-neonatal-resuscitation-to-midwifery-students
#11
Jessica Williams, Donovan Jones, Rohan Walker
Within the last decade, there has been significant change in the way tertiary midwifery education has been delivered to students. The use of blended teaching methods and the introduction of simulated learning experiences has been observed in the literature to improve students' self-confidence, competence, clinical judgement and decision-making abilities. Simulation is seen to be particularly important when practising skills that may be infrequently encountered in practice, such as clinical emergencies. Neonatal resuscitation is the most common neonatal emergency encountered within midwifery today, with up to 15% of babies requiring some form of resuscitation at birth...
May 28, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877914/the-aliem-faculty-incubator-a-novel-online-approach-to-faculty-development-in-education-scholarship
#12
Teresa M Chan, Michael Gottlieb, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Cooney, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Anand Swaminathan, Felix Ankel, Lalena M Yarris
PROBLEM: Early- and mid-career clinician educators often lack a local discipline-specific community of practice (CoP) that encourages scholarly activity. As a result, these faculty members may feel disconnected from other scholars. APPROACH: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) piloted the Faculty Incubator. This longitudinal, asynchronous, online curriculum focused on developing a virtual CoP among 30 early-to-mid-career medical educators (the "incubatees"), 8 core faculty mentors, and 10 guest mentors...
June 5, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877802/belle2vr-a-virtual-reality-visualization-of-subatomic-particle-physics-in-the-belle-ii-experiment
#13
Zach Duer, Leo Piilonen, George Glasson
Belle2VR is an interactive virtual-reality visualization of subatomic particle physics, designed by an interdisciplinary team as an educational tool for learning about and exploring subatomic particle collisions. This article describes the tool, discusses visualization design decisions, and outlines our process for collaborative development.
May 2018: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871699/evaluation-of-virtual-patient-cases-for-teaching-diagnostic-and-management-skills-in-internal-medicine-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Samira Jeimy, Jenny Yujing Wang, Lisa Richardson
OBJECTIVE: The virtual patient (VP) is a computer program that simulates real-life clinical scenarios and allows learners to make diagnostic and therapeutic decisions in a safe environment. Although many VP cases are available, few focus on junior trainees as their target audience. In addition, there is wide variability in trainees' clinical rotation experiences, based on local practice and referral patterns, duty hour restrictions, and competing educational requirements. In order to standardize clinical exposure and improve trainees' knowledge and perceived preparedness to manage core internal medicine cases, we developed a pool of VP cases to simulate common internal medicine presentations...
June 5, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869119/using-virtual-human-technology-to-examine-weight-bias-and-the-role-of-patient-weight-on-student-assessment-of-pediatric-pain
#15
Shana L Boyle, David M Janicke, Michael E Robinson, Laura D Wandner
The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of weight bias and demographic characteristics on the assessment of pediatric chronic pain. Weight status, race, and sex were manipulated in a series of virtual human (VH) digital images of children. Using a web-based platform, 96 undergraduate students with health care-related majors (e.g., Health Science, Nursing, Biology, and Pre-Medicine) read a clinical vignette and provided five ratings targeting the assessment of each VH child's pain. Students also answered a weight bias questionnaire...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865021/the-potential-use-of-a-serious-game-to-help-patients-learn-about-post-operative-pain-management-an-evaluation-study
#16
B Ingadóttir, S Zoëga, K Blöndal, D Thue, I Thylen, T Jaarsmaa
Aims To describe the evaluation of a serious computer game designed for patients to learn about post-operative pain management. Methods This was a usability and evaluation study. The sample consisted of 20 people, recruited from the public. The computer game was developed by an interdisciplinary team. In the game, the player controls the actions of a virtual human character who has been discharged home after surgery. The player needs to make decisions about the character's daily activities, such as common household tasks and self-care, including pain management...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863513/virtual-prayer-groups-an-experience-of-sacred-space
#17
Sheri Jacobson, Lynda Stallwood
Nurses face challenges in their caregiving work, risking compassion fatigue. Online nurse educators, with 24/7 expectations to respond to students, face such issues. This article relates the experience of three online nurse educators who established a virtual prayer group online and found it to be spiritually nourishing. Suggestions for establishing a virtual prayer group are provided.
July 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861202/the-finding-of-casual-sex-partners-on-the-internet-methamphetamine-use-for-sexual-pleasure-and-incidence-of-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-bangkok-thailand-an-observational-cohort-study
#18
Phunlerd Piyaraj, Frits van Griensven, Timothy H Holtz, Philip A Mock, Anchalee Varangrat, Wipas Wimonsate, Warunee Thienkrua, Jaray Tongtoyai, Atitaya McNamara, Wannee Chonwattana, Kenrad E Nelson
BACKGROUND: The finding of casual sex partners on the internet and methamphetamine use have been described as risk factors for HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM). However, the interplay between these factors has not been studied prospectively in one design. This study aims to determine the associations between finding casual sex partners on the internet and incident methamphetamine use and HIV infection. METHODS: In this observational cohort study of Thai MSM, we recruited Bangkok residents aged 18 years or older with a history of penetrative male-to-male sex in the past 6 months...
May 31, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857378/virtual-teaching-materials-developed-for-elementary-school-students-to-foster-support-capabilities-for-elderly-people-with-dementia
#19
Seiko Masuda, Kotoka Murashima, Yukie Majima
We created teaching materials for elementary school students to foster their ability to understand and support elderly people correctly, including those with dementia, without prejudice. Pediatric awareness education by DVDs can positively capture the elderly with dementia, but it was difficult to learn in practice. There, Slide materials designed to encourage positive understanding of elderly people were used together with a Pepper to increase participants' interest material. Results suggest that simultaneous use of the slide materials and a Pepper maintains participants' interest and promotes understanding of elderly people, including those with dementia...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857374/technology-informatics-guiding-education-reform-tiger-the-future-of-interprofessional-education-is-here
#20
Ming-Chuan Kuo, Marion Ball, Diane J Skiba, Heimar Marin, Toria Shaw, Polun Chang
This session will describe the TIGER Initiative journey, its evolution and accomplishments nationally and internationally. A powerful demonstration of the TIGER Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) will be highlighted along with case studies from around the world, with emphasis on global competencies and opportunities for engagement in all current TIGER activities and future plans.
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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