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virtual education

David L Woods, John M Wyma, Timothy J Herron, E William Yund, Bruce Reed
The Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) is widely used to evaluate processing speed and executive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury, and other neurological disorders. In the PASAT, subjects listen to sequences of digits while continuously reporting the sum of the last two digits presented. Four different stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs) are usually tested, with difficulty increasing as SOAs are reduced. Ceiling effects are common at long SOAs, while the digit delivery rate often exceeds the subject's processing capacity at short SOAs, causing some subjects to stop performing altogether...
2018: PloS One
Shefaly Shorey, Yen Yen Yang, Cindy-Lee Dennis
BACKGROUND: The postnatal period poses numerous challenges for new parents. Various educational programs are available to support new parents during this stressful period. However, the usefulness of educational programs must be evaluated to ascertain their credibility. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this descriptive, qualitative study was to explore the views of parents of newborns with regard to the content and delivery of a mobile health (mHealth) app-based postnatal educational program...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jonathan A Odukoya, Olajide Adekeye, Angie O Igbinoba, A Afolabi
Teachers and Students worldwide often dance to the tune of tests and examinations. Assessments are powerful tools for catalyzing the achievement of educational goals, especially if done rightly. One of the tools for 'doing it rightly' is item analysis. The core objectives for this study, therefore, were: ascertaining the item difficulty and distractive indices of the university wide courses. A range of 112-1956 undergraduate students participated in this study. With the use of secondary data, the ex-post facto design was adopted for this project...
2018: Quality & Quantity
W S Lin, J C Chou, J R Charette, M J Metz, B T Harris, N Choi
PURPOSE: This research aimed to evaluate the students' usage and perceptions of using smartphones in their general dental education and learning tooth preparation with the individually designed virtual 3D instructional models in the pre-clinical removable partial denture course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Second-year dental students were asked to voluntarily participate in a survey to investigate their demographic information, general usages of smartphones, perception of smartphones usage in dental education (construct 1) and perception of individually designed virtual 3D instructional models (construct 2)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Julia F-M Gilmartin-Thomas, John McNeil, Anne Powell, Daniel T Malone, Ian C Larson, Claire L O'Reilly, Carl M Kirkpatrick, Eva Kipen, Tanya Petrovich, Taliesin E Ryan-Atwood, J Simon Bell
Objectives It is important for healthcare professional students to understand the experience of people with dementia, their family, and their carers. Despite person-centred educational policies, current curriculums may not adequately prepare students to meet the needs of people with dementia. This study qualitatively evaluated the impact of a virtual dementia experience on medical and pharmacy students' self-reported knowledge and attitudes towards people with dementia. Methods Ten focus groups were conducted with 29 medical and 24 pharmacy students in September and October 2016...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Ta-Ko Huang, Chi-Hsun Yang, Yu-Hsin Hsieh, Jen-Chyan Wang, Chun-Cheng Hung
The OSCE is a reliable evaluation method to estimate the preclinical examination of dental students. The most ideal assessment for OSCE is used the augmented reality simulator to evaluate. This literature review investigated a recently developed in virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) starting of the dental history to the progress of the dental skill. As result of the lacking of technology, it needs to depend on other device increasing the success rate and decreasing the risk of the surgery. The development of tracking unit changed the surgical and educational way...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
S Yoganathan, D A Finch, Ed Parkin, James Pollard
BACKGROUND: 360° virtual reality (VR) video is an exciting and evolving field. Current technology promotes a totally immersive, 3-dimensional (3D), 360° experience anywhere in the world using simply a smart phone and virtual reality headset. The potential for its application in the field of surgical education is enormous. The aim of this study was to determine knot tying skills taught with a 360-degree VR video compared to conventional 2D video teaching. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This trial was a prospective, randomised controlled study...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Sarah Bastawrous, Nicole Wake, Dmitry Levin, Beth Ripley
Improvements in technology and reduction in costs have led to widespread interest in three-dimensional (3D) printing. 3D-printed anatomical models contribute to personalized medicine, surgical planning, and education across medical specialties, and these models are rapidly changing the landscape of clinical practice. A physical object that can be held in one's hands allows for significant advantages over standard two-dimensional (2D) or even 3D computer-based virtual models. Radiologists have the potential to play a significant role as consultants and educators across all specialties by providing 3D-printed models that enhance clinical care...
April 4, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Eva Urbanová, Martina Bašková, Erika Maskálová, Eva Kvaltínyová
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to create several new, original virtual patients (VPs) in the Slovak language, especially for educational purposes in midwifery. SETTING: Virtual patients have been created for the needs of university midwifery education in Slovakia. MODEL: The creation of the six virtual patients basically consisted of three fixed stages: preparation, design and development, implementation into the virtual environment...
March 21, 2018: Midwifery
Lorraine M Gdanetz, Mika K Hamer, Eileen Thomas, Lindsey M Tarasenko, Sara Horton-Deutsch, Jacqueline Jones
BACKGROUND: A main concern that remains with the continued growth of online nursing education programs is the way educator and student relationships can be affected by new technologies. This interpretive study aims to gain an understanding of how technology influences the development of interpersonal relationships between the student and faculty in a virtual learning environment. METHOD: Using an established structured approach to qualitative metasynthesis, a search was conducted using PubMed, EBSCO, CINAHL, Medline, ProQuest, Ovid Nursing databases, and Google Scholar, focused on caring and relational aspects of online nursing education...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Chloe Walsh, Sinéad Lydon, Dara Byrne, Caoimhe Madden, Susan Fox, Paul OʼConnor
This article provides an overview and synthesis of the 100 most cited healthcare simulation publications to provide insight into the articles that have shaped current knowledge and practice. Searches of the Scopus and Web of Science databases were conducted in July 2017. Most articles were concerned with medical education and training (86%) and were most often published in surgical journals (33%). Manikins (20%), standardized patients (16%), inanimate part-task trainers (16%), fully simulated environments (17%), and virtual reality part-task trainers (14%) were the most commonly featured types of simulators...
April 3, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Guillermo Martínez Pérez, Christine K Tarr-Attia, Bondey Breeze-Barry, Adelaida Sarukhan, Dawoh Peter Lansana, Ana Meyer García-Sípido, Anna Rosés, María Maixenchs, Quique Bassat, Alfredo Mayor
BACKGROUND: Adoption of prevention and therapeutic innovations to ensure that National Malaria Control Programmes meet their incidence reduction targets is highly dependent on the conduct of rigorous clinical trials. In Liberia, malaria control virtually halted during the recent Ebola epidemic, and could enormously benefit from innovations to protect its most vulnerable populations, including pregnant women, against malaria. Health policy-planners could feel more inclined to adopt novel interventions with demonstrated safety and efficacy when trialled among their women population...
April 2, 2018: Malaria Journal
Cui Yang, Uljana Kalinitschenko, Jens R Helmert, Juergen Weitz, Christoph Reissfelder, Soeren Torge Mees
BACKGROUND: Skill transfer represents an important issue in surgical education, and is not well understood. The aim of this randomized study is to assess the transferability of surgical skills between two laparoscopic abdominal procedures using the virtual reality simulator in surgical novices. METHODS: From September 2016 to July 2017, 44 surgical novices were randomized into two groups and underwent a proficiency-based basic training consisting of five selected simulated laparoscopic tasks...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Naohiro Kajiwara, Sachio Maehara, Junichi Maeda, Masaru Hagiwara, Tetsuya Okano, Masatoshi Kakihana, Tatsuo Ohira, Norihiko Kawate, Norihiko Ikeda
Background: In patients with bronchial tumors, we frequently consider endoscopic treatment as the first treatment of choice. All computed tomography (CT) must satisfy several conditions necessary to analyze images by Synapse Vincent. To select safer and more precise approaches for patients with bronchial tumors, we determined the indications and efficacy of virtual navigation intervention for the treatment of bronchial tumors. Methods: We examined the efficacy of virtual navigation bronchial intervention for the treatment of bronchial tumors located at a variety of sites in the tracheobronchial tree using a high-speed 3-dimensional (3D) image analysis system, Synapse Vincent...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Olivier Courteille, Madelen Fahlstedt, Johnson Ho, Leif Hedman, Uno Fors, Hans von Holst, Li Felländer-Tsai, Hans Möller
Objectives: To compare medical students' and residents' knowledge retention of assessment, diagnosis and treatment procedures, as well as a learning experience, of patients with spinal trauma after training with either a Virtual Patient case or a video-recorded traditional lecture. Methods: A total of 170 volunteers (85 medical students and 85 residents in orthopedic surgery) were randomly allocated (stratified for student/resident and gender) to either a video-recorded standard lecture or a Virtual Patient-based training session where they interactively assessed a clinical case portraying a motorcycle accident...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
Michael J Bamshad, Pilar L Magoulas, Karin M Dent
By enabling precise genetic diagnosis and treatment there is great potential for inexpensive, accurate, and widely accessible genomic information to transform health care and improve the general well-being of virtually every person. To maximize this potential, approaches to genetic counseling and the role of genetic counselors will need to adapt to fit changing clinical and commercial needs worldwide. This will require overcoming multiple challenges including an inadequate workforce; development and implementation of alternate models of service delivery; integration of new technologies to improve, extend, and expand services; and support for equitable education and counseling among all populations...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
Neel Sharma, Iain Doherty, Chaoyan Dong
Technology enhanced learning (TEL) is now common practice in the field of medical education. One of the primary examples of its use is that of high fidelity simulation and computerised mannequins. Further examples include online learning modules, electronic portfolios, virtual patient interactions, massive open online courses and the flipped classroom movement. The rise of TEL has occurred primarily due to the ease of internet access enabling the retrieval and sharing of information in an instant. Furthermore, the compact nature of internet ready devices such as smartphones and laptops has meant that access to information can occur anytime and anywhere...
September 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
Sylvie Multon, Laurence Pesesse, Alodie Weatherspoon, Sandra Florquin, Jean-François Van de Poel, Pierre Martin, Grégoire Vincke, Renaud Hoyoux, Raphael Marée, Dominique Verpoorten, Pierre Bonnet, Pascale Quatresooz, Valérie Defaweux
A goal ! The MOOC entitled "Introduction to Histology, A Human Tissue Exploration" correspond to our vision of the practice of General Histology, which is based on the ability to diagnose 5 families of biological tissues. Ultimately, participants must be able to recognize the different types of cells and all the surrounding elements in order to understand how they organize themselves to form tissues with specific functions. A tool ! This know-how is based on reasoning from observations of microscopic structures...
March 20, 2018: Annales de Pathologie
R Lorenzo Álvarez, J Pavía Molina, F Sendra Portero
Three-dimensional virtual environments enable very realistic ludic, social, cultural, and educational activities to be carried out online. Second Life® is one of the most well-known virtual environments, in which numerous training activities have been developed for healthcare professionals, although none about radiology. The aim of this article is to present the technical resources and educational activities that Second Life® offers for training in radiology based on our experience since 2011 with diverse training activities for undergraduate and postgraduate students...
March 20, 2018: Radiología
Sok Ying Liaw, Guiller Augustin C Carpio, Ying Lau, Seng Chee Tan, Wee Shiong Lim, Poh Sun Goh
BACKGROUND: The use of multiuser virtual worlds (MUVWs) for collaborative learning has generated interest among healthcare educators. Published evidence to support its use is growing, but none has synthesized the evidence to guide future work. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to provide a comprehensive and systematic evaluation of MUVWs in healthcare education. DESIGN: A systematic review METHODS: A systematic search of five databases including CINAHL, Cochrane library, EMBASE, PubMed, and Scopus, was conducted from inception up to January 2017...
February 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
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