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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446500/building-the-foundation-to-generate-a-fundamental-care-standardized-data-set
#1
Lianne Jeffs, Åsa Muntlin Athlin, Jack Needleman, Debra Jackson, Alison Kitson
Considerable transformation is occurring in healthcare globally with organizations focusing on achieving the quadruple aim of improving the experience of care, the health of populations, and the experience of providing care while reducing per capita costs of health care. In response, health care organizations are employing performance measurement and quality improvement methods to achieve the quadruple aim. Despite the plethora of measures available to health managers, there is no standardized data set and virtually no indicators reflecting how patients actually experience the delivery of fundamental care, such as nutrition, hydration, mobility, respect, education, and psychosocial support...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446334/leveraging-behavioral-health-expertise-practices-and-potential-of-the-project-echo-approach-to-virtually-integrating-care-in-underserved-areas
#2
Brant Hager, Michael Hasselberg, Eric Arzubi, Jonathan Betlinski, Mark Duncan, Jennifer Richman, Lori E Raney
This column describes Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), a teleconsultation, tele-education, telementoring model for enhancing primary care treatment of underserved patients with complex medical conditions. Numerous centers have adapted ECHO to support primary care treatment of behavioral health disorders. Preliminary evidence for behavioral health ECHO programs suggests positive impacts on providers, treatment planning, and emergency department costs. ECHO has the potential to improve access to effective and cost-effective behavioral health care by virtually integrating behavioral health knowledge and support in sites where specialty providers are not available...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444388/the-virtual-microscopy-database-sharing-digital-microscope-images-for-research-and-education
#3
Lisa M J Lee, Haviva M Goldman, Michael Hortsch
Over the last 20 years, virtual microscopy has become the predominant modus of teaching the structural organization of cells, tissues, and organs, replacing the use of optical microscopes and glass slides in a traditional histology or pathology laboratory setting. Although virtual microscopy image files can easily be duplicated, creating them requires not only quality histological glass slides but also an expensive whole slide microscopic scanner and massive data storage devices. These resources are not available to all educators and researchers, especially at new institutions in developing countries...
February 14, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442242/fuse-certification-enhances-performance-on-a-virtual-computer-based-simulator-for-dispersive-electrode-placement
#4
Michael Dombek, Carlos A Lopez, Zhongqing Han, Alyssa Lungarini, Nicole Santos, Steven Schwaitzberg, Caroline Cao, Daniel B Jones, Suvranu De, Jaisa Olasky
BACKGROUND: The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) has developed the fundamental use of surgical energy (FUSE) didactic curriculum in order to further understanding of the safe use of surgical energy. The virtual electrosurgical skill trainer (VEST) is being developed as a complementary simulation-based curriculum, with several modules already existing. Subsequently, a new VEST module has been developed about dispersive electrode placement. The purpose of this study is to assess knowledge about dispersive electrode placement in surgeons and surgical trainees in addition to describing a new VEST module...
February 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440761/intimate-partner-violence-correlates-with-a-higher-hiv-incidence-among-msm-a-12-month-prospective-cohort-study-in-shenyang-china
#5
Hong-Yi Wang, Ning Wang, Zhen-Xing Chu, Jing Zhang, Xiang Mao, Wen-Qing Geng, Yong-Jun Jiang, Hong Shang, Jun-Jie Xu
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV are highly prevalent worldwide among MSM. However, the association between IPV and HIV seroconversion is virtually unknown. This 12-month prospective cohort study was conducted among MSM in Shenyang, China to explore the causality between IPV and the incidence of HIV. Adjusted Hazard Ratios (aHRs) of HIV acquisition were derived from a multivariate time-dependent Cox model and applied to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs). Among 476 HIV-negative MSM subjects, 89(18...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425895/developing-a-model-of-midwifery-mentorship-for-uganda-the-momentum-project-2015-2017
#6
Joy Kemp, Eleanor Shaw, Mary Gorret Musoke
MOMENTUM was a 20 month midwifery twinning project between the Royal College of Midwives UK and the Ugandan Private Midwives Association. It ran from 2015-2017 and was funded by UK-Aid through THET. MOMENTUM aimed to develop a model of mentorship for Ugandan midwifery students. The project achieved its objectives. 41 Ugandan midwives were trained as mentors following a work-based learning curriculum. 142 student midwives from 8 midwifery schools received mentorship in 7 participating clinical sites. All sites showed measured improvement in the clinical learning environment...
February 2, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417140/virtual-and-augmented-reality-put-a-twist-on-medical-education
#7
Bridget M Kuehn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412402/-nutritional-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-nursing-mothers-a-systematic-review
#8
Larissa Bueno Ferreira, Ingrid Tatiana Oliveira de Nea, Taciana Maia de Sousa, Luana Caroline Dos Santos
A systematic review of nutritional and sociodemographic characteristics of nursing mothers, using the published literature from 2004 to 2014 in the Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde and Medline databases. Using the following key words, 561 articles were identified: "Human Milk" and "Milk Banks"; keywords: "Profile," "Nutritional," "Milk Donor," "Nursing Mother" and "Nursing Mothers"; available abstracts; date and language. From these, 84.1% were excluded for not dealing with the established subject, 1.8% for being a review and 7...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412282/the-use-of-facebook-in-health-education-perceptions-of-adolescent-students
#9
Joyce Mazza Nunes Aragão, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Raimundo Augusto Martins Torres, Andréa Soares Rocha da Silva, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira
OBJECTIVE: understand the perceptions of adolescent students regarding the use of Facebook social media in sexual and reproductive health learning in the Family Health Strategy. METHOD: a qualitative, descriptive study developed with 96 adolescents from a public school and a private school in Fortaleza-CE who concluded an educational intervention using Facebook. The information was collected in the online environment itself, as well as in a questionnaire applied in person...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406778/the-first-year-of-global-cleft-surgery-education-through-digital-simulation-a-proof-of-concept
#10
Natalie M Plana, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Derek M Culnan, Court B Cutting, Roberto L Flores
INTRODUCTION: Parallel to worldwide disparities in patient access to health care, the operative opportunities of surgical trainees are increasingly restricted across the globe. Efforts have been directed toward enhancing surgical education outside the operating room and reducing the wide variability in global trainee operative experience. However, high costs and other logistical concerns may limit the reproducibility and sustainability of nonoperative surgical education resources. METHODS: A partnership between the academic, nonprofit, and industry sectors resulted in the development of an online virtual surgical simulator for cleft repair...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404733/a-model-for-predicting-the-gears-score-from-virtual-reality-surgical-simulator-metrics
#11
Ariel Kate Dubin, Danielle Julian, Alyssa Tanaka, Patricia Mattingly, Roger Smith
BACKGROUND: Surgical education relies heavily upon simulation. Assessment tools include robotic simulator assessments and Global Evaluative Assessment of Robotic Skills (GEARS) metrics, which have been validated. Training programs use GEARS for proficiency testing; however, it requires a trained human evaluator. Due to limited time, learners are reliant on surgical simulator feedback to improve their skills. GEARS and simulator scores have been shown to be correlated but in what capacity is unknown...
February 5, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402111/mygrief-ca
#12
Shelly Cory
Bereavement represents a significant public health concern as grievers often suffer from co-morbid health problems, increased use of health care resources, periodic hospitalizations, and even mortality in the first 2 years after the death. Furthermore, grievers frequently encounter major obstacles when seeking formal support, including lack of access to specialized grief support due to temporal, financial or geographic constraints. To address these gaps in service, the Canadian Virtual Hospice, in collaboration with pan-Canadian partners developed MyGrief...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402110/addressing-the-cultural-spiritual-and-religious-perspectives-of-palliative-care
#13
Hodan Nalayeh
Healthcare services are often out of sync with cultural, spiritual and religious perspectives on health, death, and grieving. This dissonance affects attitudes and behaviours in seeking and utilizing end-of-life health services and can lead to poor clinical communication, misunderstanding, and anxiety as patients, families and health providers interact during a serious illness. To address a gap in cultural-specific information Canadian Virtual Hospice launched LivingMyCulture.ca-an evidence-informed collection of videos of immigrants, refugees, and Indigenous people sharing their stories about the intersection of culture, spirituality, and religion with their experiences of advanced illness, palliative care, and grief...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396385/how-knowledge-is-constructed-and-exchanged-in-virtual-communities-of-physicians-qualitative-study-of-mindlines-online
#14
Sietse Wieringa, Eivind Engebretsen, Kristin Heggen, Trisha Greenhalgh
BACKGROUND: As a response to the criticisms evidence-based practice currently faces, groups of health care researchers and guideline makers have started to call for the appraisal and inclusion of different kinds of knowledge in guideline production (other than randomized controlled trials [RCTs]) to better link with the informal knowledge used in clinical practice. In an ethnographic study, Gabbay and Le May showed that clinicians in everyday practice situations do not explicitly or consciously use guidelines...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392522/virtual-reality-as-an-educational-and-training-tool-for-medicine
#15
Santiago González Izard, Juan A Juanes, Francisco J García Peñalvo, Jesús Mª Gonçalvez Estella, Mª José Sánchez Ledesma, Pablo Ruisoto
Until very recently, we considered Virtual Reality as something that was very close, but it was still science fiction. However, today Virtual Reality is being integrated into many different areas of our lives, from videogames to different industrial use cases and, of course, it is starting to be used in medicine. There are two great general classifications for Virtual Reality. Firstly, we find a Virtual Reality in which we visualize a world completely created by computer, three-dimensional and where we can appreciate that the world we are visualizing is not real, at least for the moment as rendered images are improving very fast...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385750/design-and-evaluation-of-a-pervasive-coaching-and-gamification-platform-for-young-diabetes-patients
#16
Randy Klaassen, Kim C M Bul, Rieks Op den Akker, Gert Jan van der Burg, Pamela M Kato, Pierpaolo Di Bitonto
Self monitoring, personal goal-setting and coaching, education and social support are strategies to help patients with chronic conditions in their daily care. Various tools have been developed, e.g., mobile digital coaching systems connected with wearable sensors, serious games and patient web portals to personal health records, that aim to support patients with chronic conditions and their caregivers in realizing the ideal of self-management. We describe a platform that integrates these tools to support young patients in diabetes self-management through educational game playing, monitoring and motivational feedback...
January 30, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383388/-interactive-augmented-reality-systems-aid-for-personalized-patient-education-and-rehabilitation
#17
REVIEW
F Bork
BACKGROUND: During patient education, information exchange plays a critical role both for patient compliance during medical or rehabilitative treatment and for obtaining an informed consent for an operative procedure. OBJECTIVE: In this article the augmented reality system "Magic Mirror" as an additive tool during patient education, rehabilitation as well as anatomical education is highlighted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Magic Mirror system allows the user of the system to inspect both a detailed model of the 3‑dimensional anatomy of the human body and volumetric slice images in a virtual mirror environment...
January 30, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383074/exploratory-application-of-augmented-reality-mixed-reality-devices-for-acute-care-procedure-training
#18
Leo Kobayashi, Xiao Chi Zhang, Scott A Collins, Naz Karim, Derek L Merck
Introduction: Augmented reality (AR), mixed reality (MR), and virtual reality devices are enabling technologies that may facilitate effective communication in healthcare between those with information and knowledge (clinician/specialist; expert; educator) and those seeking understanding and insight (patient/family; non-expert; learner). Investigators initiated an exploratory program to enable the study of AR/MR use-cases in acute care clinical and instructional settings. Methods: Academic clinician educators, computer scientists, and diagnostic imaging specialists conducted a proof-of-concept project to 1) implement a core holoimaging pipeline infrastructure and open-access repository at the study institution, and 2) use novel AR/MR techniques on off-the-shelf devices with holoimages generated by the infrastructure to demonstrate their potential role in the instructive communication of complex medical information...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377988/outcomes-from-the-delphi-process-of-the-thoracic-robotic-curriculum-development-committee
#19
Giulia Veronesi, Patrick Dorn, Joel Dunning, Giuseppe Cardillo, Ralph A Schmid, Justin Collins, Jean-Marc Baste, Stefan Limmer, Ghada M M Shahin, Jan-Hendrik Egberts, Alessandro Pardolesi, Elisa Meacci, Sasha Stamenkovic, Gianluca Casali, Jens C Rueckert, Mauro Taurchini, Nicola Santelmo, Franca Melfi, Alper Toker
OBJECTIVES: As the adoption of robotic procedures becomes more widespread, additional risk related to the learning curve can be expected. This article reports the results of a Delphi process to define procedures to optimize robotic training of thoracic surgeons and to promote safe performance of established robotic interventions as, for example, lung cancer and thymoma surgery. METHODS: In June 2016, a working panel was spontaneously created by members of the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) and European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) with a specialist interest in robotic thoracic surgery and/or surgical training...
January 25, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377716/the-uk-centre-for-astrobiology-a-virtual-astrobiology-centre-accomplishments-and-lessons-learned-2011-2016
#20
Charles S Cockell, Beth Biller, Casey Bryce, Claire Cousins, Susana Direito, Duncan Forgan, Mark Fox-Powell, Jesse Harrison, Hanna Landenmark, Sophie Nixon, Samuel J Payler, Ken Rice, Toby Samuels, Petra Schwendner, Adam Stevens, Natasha Nicholson, Jennifer Wadsworth
The UK Centre for Astrobiology (UKCA) was set up in 2011 as a virtual center to contribute to astrobiology research, education, and outreach. After 5 years, we describe this center and its work in each of these areas. Its research has focused on studying life in extreme environments, the limits of life on Earth, and implications for habitability elsewhere. Among its research infrastructure projects, UKCA has assembled an underground astrobiology laboratory that has hosted a deep subsurface planetary analog program, and it has developed new flow-through systems to study extraterrestrial aqueous environments...
January 29, 2018: Astrobiology
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