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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632444/the-structural-consequences-of-big-data-driven-education
#1
Elana Zeide
Educators and commenters who evaluate big data-driven learning environments focus on specific questions: whether automated education platforms improve learning outcomes, invade student privacy, and promote equality. This article puts aside separate unresolved-and perhaps unresolvable-issues regarding the concrete effects of specific technologies. It instead examines how big data-driven tools alter the structure of schools' pedagogical decision-making, and, in doing so, change fundamental aspects of America's education enterprise...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631297/an-augmented-reality-tool-for-learning-spatial-anatomy-on-mobile-devices
#2
Nishant Jain, Patricia Youngblood, Matthew Hasel, Sakti Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Augmented Realty (AR) offers a novel method of blending virtual and real anatomy for intuitive spatial learning. Our first aim in the study was to create a prototype AR tool for mobile devices. Our second aim was to complete a technical evaluation of our prototype AR tool focused on measuring the system's ability to accurately render digital content in the real world. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We imported Computed Tomography (CT) data derived virtual surface models into a 3D Unity engine environment and implemented an AR algorithm to display these on mobile devices...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626129/nursing-education-trial-using-a-virtual-nightingale-ward
#3
Keiko Tsuji, Naomi Iwata, Hiromi Kodama, Tomoko Hagiwara, Kiyako Takai, Yoko Sasaki, Yoshie Nagata, Maki Matsumoto
Nursing department students are expected to correctly grasp the entire concept of nursing through their education. The authors created a movie of a Nightingale ward (virtual ward, hereafter) with an architectural computer design software for education. The students' reaction to the virtual ward was categorized into three viewpoints: that of nurses, of patients, and of nurses and patients in common. Most of the reactions in each viewpoint were: "easy to observe patients" in the nurses' viewpoint; "no privacy" in the patients' viewpoint; and "wide room" in the common viewpoint, respectively...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612388/dermatopathology-education-in-the-era-of-modern-technology
#4
REVIEW
Neda Shahriari, Jane Grant-Kels, Michael J Murphy
Continuing technological advances are inevitably impacting the study and practice of dermatopathology. We are seeing the transition from glass slide microscopy to virtual microscopy, which is serving both as an accessible educational medium for medical students, residents and fellows in the form of online databases and atlases, as well as a research tool to better inform us regarding the development of visual diagnostic expertise. Expansion in mobile technology is simplifying slide image attainment and providing greater opportunities for phone- and tablet-based microscopy, including teledermatopathology instruction and consultation in resource-poor areas with lack of specialists...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611701/virtual-learning-simulations-in-high-school-effects-on-cognitive-and-non-cognitive-outcomes-and-implications-on-the-development-of-stem-academic-and-career-choice
#5
Malene Thisgaard, Guido Makransky
The present study compared the value of using a virtual learning simulation compared to traditional lessons on the topic of evolution, and investigated if the virtual learning simulation could serve as a catalyst for STEM academic and career development, based on social cognitive career theory. The investigation was conducted using a crossover repeated measures design based on a sample of 128 high school biology/biotech students. The results showed that the virtual learning simulation increased knowledge of evolution significantly, compared to the traditional lesson...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600133/developing-a-virtual-teach-to-goal-%C3%A2-inhaler-technique-learning-module-a-mixed-methods-approach
#6
Meng Wu, Nicole M Woodrick, Vineet M Arora, Jeanne M Farnan, Valerie G Press
BACKGROUND: Most hospitalized patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease misuse respiratory inhalers. An in-person educational strategy, teach-to-goal (TTG), improves inpatients' inhaler technique. OBJECTIVE: To develop an effective, portable education intervention that remains accessible to hospitalized patients postdischarge for reinforcement of proper inhaler technique. METHODS: A mixed methods approach at an urban academic hospital was used to iteratively develop, modify, and test a virtual teach-to-goal(™) (V-TTG(™)) educational intervention using patient end-user feedback...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584867/utilization-and-acceptance-of-virtual-patients-in-veterinary-basic-sciences-the-vetvip-project
#7
Christin Kleinsorgen, Marta Kankofer, Zbigniew Gradzki, Mira Mandoki, Tibor Bartha, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Hassan Y Naim, Martin Beyerbach, Andrea Tipold, Jan P Ehlers
Context: In medical and veterinary medical education the use of problem-based and cased-based learning has steadily increased over time. At veterinary faculties, this development has mainly been evident in the clinical phase of the veterinary education. Therefore, a consortium of teachers of biochemistry and physiology together with technical and didactical experts launched the EU-funded project "vetVIP", to create and implement veterinary virtual patients and problems for basic science instruction. In this study the implementation and utilization of virtual patients occurred at the veterinary faculties in Budapest, Hannover and Lublin...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578626/the-pathologist-2-0-an-update-on-digital-pathology-in-veterinary-medicine
#8
Christof A Bertram, Robert Klopfleisch
Using light microscopy to describe the microarchitecture of normal and diseased tissues has changed very little since the middle of the 19th century. While the premise of histologic analysis remains intact, our relationship with the microscope is changing dramatically. Digital pathology offers new forms of visualization, and delivery of images is facilitated in unprecedented ways. This new technology can untether us entirely from our light microscopes, with many pathologists already performing their jobs using virtual microscopy...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575530/the-skeletons-in-our-closet-e-learning-tools-and-what-happens-when-one-side-does-not-fit-all
#9
Sonya E Van Nuland, Kem A Rogers
In the anatomical sciences, e-learning tools have become a critical component of teaching anatomy when physical space and cadaveric resources are limited. However, studies that use empirical evidence to compare their efficacy to visual-kinesthetic learning modalities are scarce. The study examined how a visual-kinesthetic experience, involving a physical skeleton, impacts learning when compared with virtual manipulation of a simple two-dimensional (2D) e-learning tool, A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy. Students from The University of Western Ontario, Canada (n = 77) participated in a dual-task study to: (1) investigate if a dual-task paradigm is an effective tool for measuring cognitive load across these different learning modalities; and (2) to assess the impact of knowledge recall and spatial ability when using them...
June 2, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567070/the-cutting-edge-training-modalities-and-educational-platforms-for-accredited-surgical-training-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Antonello Forgione, Salman Y Guraya
BACKGROUND: Historically, operating room (OR) has always been considered as a stand-alone trusted platform for surgical education and training. However, concerns about financial constraints, quality control, and patient safety have urged the surgical educators to develop more cost-effective, surgical educational platforms that can be employed outside the OR. Furthermore, trained surgeons need to regularly update their surgical skills to keep abreast with the emerging surgical technologies...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566217/integration-of-hands-on-team-training-into-existing-curriculum-improves-both-technical-and-nontechnical-skills-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Robert C Caskey, Lily Owei, Raghavendra Rao, Elijah W Riddle, Ari D Brooks, Daniel T Dempsey, Jon B Morris, Christopher J Neylan, Noel N Williams, Kristoffel R Dumon
OBJECTIVE: Nontechnical skills are an essential component of surgical education and a major competency assessed by the ACGME milestones project. However, the optimal way to integrate nontechnical skills training into existing curricula and then objectively evaluate the outcome is still unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the effect laparoscopic team-based task training would have on the nontechnical skills needed for laparoscopic surgery. DESIGN: 9 PGY-1 residents underwent an established training curriculum for teaching the knowledge and technical skills involved in laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562810/teaching-learning-evaluation-on-the-icnp%C3%A2-using-virtual-learning-environment
#12
Carolina Costa Valcanti Avelino, Lívia Cristina Scalon da Costa, Soraia Matilde Marques Buchhorn, Denismar Alves Nogueira, Sueli Leiko Takamatsu Goyatá
Objective: Evaluating the teaching-learning process of undergraduates and nursing professionals on the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®) through a course on Moodle Platform. Method: Mixed research conducted with 51 nursing students and nurses. Many technological and educational resources were used. To collect data, two semi-structured questionnaires were applied and focus groups were carried out. Statistical and thematic analysis of the data was performed...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562806/virtual-learning-object-and-environment-a-concept-analysis
#13
Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Manacés Dos Santos Bezerril, Camila Maria Santos Mariz, Maria Isabel Domingues Fernandes, José Carlos Amado Martins, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos
Objective: To analyze the concept of virtual learning object and environment according to Rodgers' evolutionary perspective. Method: Descriptive study with a mixed approach, based on the stages proposed by Rodgers in his concept analysis method. Data collection occurred in August 2015 with the search of dissertations and theses in the Bank of Theses of the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel. Quantitative data were analyzed based on simple descriptive statistics and the concepts through lexicographic analysis with support of the IRAMUTEQ software...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561720/mhealth-mobile-technologies-to-virtually-bring-the-patient-into-an-oncology-practice
#14
Nathan A Pennell, Adam P Dicker, Christine Tran, Heather S L Jim, David L Schwartz, Edward J Stepanski
Accompanied by the change in the traditional medical landscape, advances in wireless technology have led to the development of telehealth or mobile health (mHealth), which offers an unparalleled opportunity for health care providers to continually deliver high-quality care. This revolutionary shift makes the patient the consumer of health care and empowers patients to be the driving force of management of their own health through mobile devices and wearable technology. This article presents an overview of technology as it pertains to clinical practice considerations...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557051/when-people-with-dementia-are-perceived-as-witches-consequences-for-patients-and-nurse-education-in-south-africa
#15
Flora Mkhonto, Ingrid Hanssen
OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe the link between culture and dementia care with the focus on the influence of the belief in dementia as witchcraft and people with dementia as witches. BACKGROUND: In South Africa, especially in townships and rural areas, dementia is often perceived as connected to witchcraft rather than to disease. Persons labelled as witches - mostly elderly women - may be bullied, ostracised, beaten, stoned, burned, even killed. METHOD: One strand of findings from a larger international study is presented with in-depth qualitative interviews of one close family member and seven nurses caring for patients with severe dementia in nursing homes in Tshwane in South Africa...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542716/improving-needle-tip-identification-during-ultrasound-guided-procedures-in-anaesthetic-practice
#16
REVIEW
H J Scholten, A Pourtaherian, N Mihajlovic, H H M Korsten, R A Bouwman
Ultrasound guidance is becoming standard practice for needle-based interventions in anaesthetic practice, such as vascular access and peripheral nerve blocks. However, difficulties in aligning the needle and the transducer can lead to incorrect identification of the needle tip, possibly damaging structures not visible on the ultrasound screen. Additional techniques specifically developed to aid alignment of needle and probe or identification of the needle tip are now available. In this scoping review, advantages and limitations of the following categories of those solutions are presented: needle guides; alterations to needle or needle tip; three- and four-dimensional ultrasound; magnetism, electromagnetic or GPS systems; optical tracking; augmented (virtual) reality; robotic assistance; and automated (computerised) needle detection...
May 22, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541602/three-dimensional-printing-in-cardiology-current-applications-and-future-challenges
#17
Hongxing Luo, Jarosław Meyer-Szary, Zhongmin Wang, Robert Sabiniewicz, Yuhao Liu
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has attracted a huge interest in recent years. Broadly speaking, it refers to the technology which converts a predesigned virtual model to a touchable object. In clinical medicine, it usually converts a series of two-dimensional medical images acquired through computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or 3D echocardiography into a physical model. Medical 3D printing consists of three main steps: image acquisition, virtual reconstruction and 3D manufacturing. It is a promising tool for preoperative evaluation, medical device design, hemodynamic simulation and medical education, it is also likely to reduce operative risk and increase operative success...
May 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528620/closing-the-gap-and-raising-the-bar-assessing-board-competency-in-quality-and-safety
#18
Patricia A McGaffigan, Beth Daley Ullem, Tejal K Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Despite recognition of the important role that governance and executive leaders play in ensuring patient safety and quality, little research has examined leaders' involvement in these areas beyond surveys that assess higher-level knowledge and understanding of patient and workforce safety concepts. METHODS: A survey was sent to a convenience sample of board members and CEOs, as well as unpaired safety and quality leaders (SQLs). The survey included approximately 36 questions asking board members and other non-CEO executives their knowledge, understanding, and board activities related to safety and quality, and SQLs their perceptions of their own boards' knowledge, understanding, and activities related to safety and quality...
June 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#19
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520540/virtual-surgery-for-conduit-reconstruction-of-the-right-ventricular-outflow-tract
#20
Chin Siang Ong, Yue-Hin Loke, Justin Opfermann, Laura Olivieri, Luca Vricella, Axel Krieger, Narutoshi Hibino
PURPOSE: Virtual surgery involves the planning and simulation of surgical reconstruction using three-dimensional (3D) modeling based upon individual patient data, augmented by simulation of planned surgical alterations including implantation of devices or grafts. Here we describe a case in which virtual cardiac surgery aided us in determining the optimal conduit size to use for the reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract. DESCRIPTION: The patient is a young adolescent male with a history of tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia, requiring right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit replacement...
May 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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