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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229571/transnasal-transsphenoidal-brain-injury-by-a-fencing-foil-an-unusual-case-report-and-brief-literature-review
#1
Rafet Özay, Mehmet S Balkan, Çağhan Tönge, Zeki Şekerci
BACKGROUND: In this report, the authors present an unusual case of a 10-year-old child who suffered a severe headache and rhinorrhea that occurred as a result of fencing foil sports injury via transnasal-transsphenoidal (TNTS) pathway. METHODS: Following to trauma, the child had shown neurological symptoms such a pupil dilatation, change in consciousness and mild hemiparesia. Imaging demonstrated destruction of bone structures including posterior wall of sphenoid sinus and anterosuperior part of sella turcica, and also a contusion at right thalamic region...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228839/prevalence-and-effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-school-performance-among-primary-school-pupils-in-the-hohoe-municipality-ghana
#2
Kingsley Afeti, Samuel Harrenson Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in early childhood. However, not many studies have been conducted on the prevalence and effect of ADHD on school performance in Ghana. This study sought to ascertain the prevalence of ADHD and its effect on school performance among primary school pupils in the Hohoe municipality of Ghana. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that included 400 primary school pupils in the Hohoe Municipality of Ghana...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228832/digital-pupillometry-in-normal-subjects
#3
Annekatrin Rickmann, Maria Waizel, Sara Kazerounian, Peter Szurman, Helmut Wilhelm, Karl T Boden
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pupil size of normal subjects at different illumination levels with a novel pupillometer. The pupil size of healthy study participants was measured with an infrared-video PupilX pupillometer (MEye Tech GmbH, Alsdorf, Germany) at five different illumination levels (0, 0.5, 4, 32, and 250 lux). Measurements were performed by the same investigator. Ninety images were executed during a measurement period of 3 seconds. The absolute linear camera resolution was approximately 20 pixels per mm...
February 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228669/a-new-species-of-pristimantis-amphibia-anura-craugastoridae-from-a-montane-forest-of-the-pui-pui-protected-forest-in-central-peru-regi%C3%A3-n-jun%C3%A3-n
#4
Edgar Lehr, Jiří Moravec
A new species of frog of the genus Pristimantis is described from a montane forest between 1700 and 1800 m a.s.l. of the Pui Pui Protected Forest (Región Junín) in central Peru. Pristimantis ashaninkasp. n. is described based on five adult females (snout-vent length 23.1-26.7 mm) and ten juveniles (snout-vent length 10.6-13.4). It differs from its congeners by having the skin on dorsum shagreen with many conical tubercles giving it a spinose appearance, lacking a tympanum, having groin, anterior and posterior surfaces of thighs uniformly grayish brown, and a pale bronze iris with fine black reticulations, a median reddish hint horizontally across iris, and a black narrow vertical streak from pupil across lower and upper half of iris...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228447/childhood-academic-ability-in-relation-to-cigarette-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-from-adolescence-into-early-adulthood-longitudinal-study-of-young-people-in-england-lsype
#5
James Williams, Gareth Hagger-Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine the association between childhood academic ability and the onset and persistence of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use across adolescence in a representative sample of English schools pupils. Previous research has produced conflicting findings. DESIGN: Data from 7 years of the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE), 2004-2010 (age 13/14-19/20). SETTING: Self-completion questionnaires during home visits, face-to-face interviews and web-based questionnaires...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225198/adjunctive-steroid-therapy-versus-antibiotics-alone-for-acute-endophthalmitis-after-intraocular-procedure
#6
REVIEW
Carole H Kim, Monica F Chen, Anne L Coleman
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis refers to severe infection within the eye that involves the aqueous humor or vitreous humor, or both, and threatens vision. Most cases of endophthalmitis are exogenous (i.e. due to inoculation of organisms from an outside source), and most exogenous endophthalmitis is acute and occurs after an intraocular procedure. The mainstay of treatment is emergent administration of broad-spectrum intravitreous antibiotics. Due to their anti-inflammatory effects, steroids in conjunction with antibiotics have been proposed to be beneficial in endophthalmitis management...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224258/investigating-arabic-academic-vocabulary-knowledge-among-middle-school-pupils-receptive-versus-productive-knowledge
#7
Baha Makhoul
The current study attempted to investigate the development of Arabic academic vocabulary knowledge among middle-school Arabic native speakers, taking into account the socioeconomic status of the Arab population in Israel. For this purpose, Arabic academic word list was developed, mapping the required academic words that are needed for adequate coping with informational texts as appearing in the different content areas text-books. Six-hundred Arabic speaking middle school pupils from the different areas in Israel, representing the different Arab subgroups: general Arab community, Druze and Bedouins, have participated in the current study...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222415/young-adult-patient-with-headache-fever-and-blurred-vision
#8
Stavroula A Paschou, Konstantinos Tzioras, Vasiliki Trianti, Stavroula Lyra, Vasileios-Arsenios Lioutas, Andreas Seretis, Andromachi Vryonidou
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: This case highlights the fact that acute pituitary apoplexy may be misdiagnosed due to being confused with other entities exhibiting similar symptoms, such as meningitis or subarachnoid hemorrhage. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A patient in his late 30s presented with sudden and severe frontal headache, fever, blurred vision, nausea, confusion, as well as oculomotor palsy (CN III) with partial ptosis of the left eyelid, dilated left pupil and left eye globe deviation inferiorly and laterally...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222101/costs-and-effects-of-a-state-wide-health-promotion-program-in-primary-schools-in-germany-the-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg-study-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the state-wide implementation of the health promotion program "Join the Healthy Boat" in primary schools in Germany. METHODS: Cluster-randomized intervention trial with wait-list control group. Anthropometric data of 1733 participating children (7.1 ± 0.6 years) were taken by trained staff before and after a one year intervention period in the academic year 2010/11. Parents provided information about the health status, and the health behaviour of their children and themselves, parental anthropometrics, and socio-economic background variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220718/the-big-imitator-strikes-again-a-case-report-of-neurosyphilis-in-a-patient-with-newly-diagnosed-hiv
#10
Sévérine de Bruijn, Chris Kenyon, Nicolas Léonard, Erika Vlieghe
BACKGROUND: Neurosyphilis is the result of an infection of the central nervous system caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Its clinical presentation includes meningovascular syphilis, tabes dorsalis, and dementia paralytica, resulting in a wide range of symptoms such as psychosis, Parkinsonism, and depression. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old male was admitted to a psychiatric hospital because of social withdrawal and self-neglect, indicative of a major depression...
February 21, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220471/can-schools-reduce-bullying-the-relationship-between-school-characteristics-and-the-prevalence-of-bullying-behaviours
#11
Daniel Muijs
BACKGROUND: Bullying remains a persistent phenomenon in schools, but the extent to which day-to-day policies and practices relate to bullying prevalence has not been widely studied. In this study, we use an educational effectiveness framework to interrogate this relationship. AIMS: The aim was to study the relationship between school factors and prevalence of bullying in primary schools. We hypothesize that school conditions (e.g., size), school policies (e.g., behaviour policies), and school processes (e...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220227/prediction-of-pediatric-sepsis-mortality-within-1%C3%A2-h-of-intensive-care-admission
#12
Luregn J Schlapbach, Graeme MacLaren, Marino Festa, Janet Alexander, Simon Erickson, John Beca, Anthony Slater, Andreas Schibler, David Pilcher, Johnny Millar, Lahn Straney
PURPOSE: The definitions of sepsis and septic shock have recently been revised in adults, but contemporary data are needed to inform similar approaches in children. METHODS: Multicenter cohort study including children <16 years admitted with sepsis or septic shock to ICUs in Australia and New Zealand in the period 2012-2015. We assessed septic shock criteria at ICU admission to define sepsis severity, using 30-day mortality as outcome. Through multivariable logistic regression, a pediatric sepsis score was derived using variables available within 60 min of ICU admission...
February 20, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217606/a-mixed-toxidrome-presenting-with-bilateral-ptosis-with-normal-pupils-the-first-case-in-the-literature
#13
Sanket Mahajan, Janki Shah
Snakebite is an environmental hazard associated with a significant morbidity and mortality. Two main types of toxicity occur due to snakebite, namely vasculotoxicity and neurotoxicity. Neurotoxic snakebites present mainly with bilateral ptosis with dilated pupils and/or difficulty in breathing. Jatropha curcas belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae and is commonly referred to as "Ratanjyot" in Gujarati. It has got many medicinal uses such as anticancerous properties and bio-oil. There are very few cases of its toxicity in adults...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215120/strategies-and-actions-of-multi-purpose-health-communication-on-vaccine-preventable-infectious-diseases-in-order-to-increase-vaccination-coverage-in-the-population-the-esculapio-project
#14
Angela Bechini, Paolo Bonanni, Sara Lauri, Emilia Tiscione, Miriam Levi, Rosa Prato, Francesca Fortunato, Domenico Martinelli, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Rosa Cristina Coppola, Barbara Pellizzari, Garden Tabacchi, Claudio Costantino, Francesco Vitale, Stefania Iannazzo, Sara Boccalini
The ESCULAPIO Project aims at increasing awareness on vaccine preventable infectious diseases (VPID) and vaccinations in different target populations and to spread the culture of prevention. Information/training interventions on VPID have been developed and health promotion activities for the general population, students and their parents, teachers and health care workers (HCWs) were set up. In Tuscany, educational courses on VPID in high schools were organized and students were stimulated to prepare informative materials on VPID for lower grade school pupils...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214088/a-case-of-seropositive-autoimmune-autonomic-ganglionopathy-with-diffuse-esophageal-spasm
#15
Nobutoshi Morimoto, Sakuma Takahashi, Tomoki Inaba, Motonori Takamiya, Yasuhiko Kageyama, Mizuki Morimoto, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Hirotake Nishimura, Shunya Nakane, Koji Abe
Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) is an immune-mediated disorder that leads to various autonomic failures associated with anti-ganglionic acetylcholine receptor antibodies (anti-gAChR-Abs). Diffuse esophageal spasm (DES) is an uncommon esophageal motility disorder. We herein report the case of a 68-year-old woman with DES as a partial symptom of AAG. She presented with chronic esophageal transit failure, constipation, and numbness of the hands and feet, Adie's pupil, thermal hypoalgesia, and decreased deep tendon reflexes...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211645/disability-and-inclusive-education-in-an-italian-region-analysis-of-the-data-for-the-school-year-2012-2013
#16
Evamaria Lanzarini, Antonia Parmeggiani
BACKGROUND: In Italy, pupils with disabilities enroll in mainstream schools and attend the ordinary classes at all educational levels. For the past twelve years, the Region Emilia Romagna has witnessed an increase in the number of children who are in need of special support. The aim of the study was to identify the causes of disability in children attending public schools during the school year 2012-2013. METHODS: The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#17
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211182/accommodation-and-pupil-behaviour-of-binocularly-viewing-early-presbyopes
#18
Meznah S Almutairi, Basal H Altoaimi, Arthur Bradley
PURPOSE: To study accommodation behaviour of early presbyopes with the full suite of accommodative stimuli, and to monitor changes in spherical aberration, pupil size and image quality that accompany the accommodative response. METHODS: Using a high resolution Shack-Hartmann aberrometer, we measured refractive state as a binocularly viewed 0.30 logMAR (6/12 or 20/40) letter E was moved from 2 m to 20 cm and simultaneously monitored pupil diameter and spherical aberration for 19 subjects (mean age: 42 ± 7...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211176/peripheral-aberrations-in-adult-hyperopes-emmetropes-and-myopes
#19
Uchechukwu L Osuagwu, Marwan Suheimat, David A Atchison
PURPOSE: To determine differences in peripheral aberrations in hyperopic, emmetropic and myopic groups. METHODS: Cycloplegic peripheral aberrations for 5 mm pupils were measured at 39 locations across 42° × 32° of right eye visual fields with a COAS-HD Hartmann-Shack aberrometer in nine hyperopes (mean age 29 ± 5 years, spherical equivalent refraction M + 1.47 ± 0.58 D), 20 emmetropes (28 ± 7 years, +0.06 ± 0.36 D) and 20 myopes (27 ± 6 years, -2...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210543/changes-in-intraocular-pressure-and-horizontal-pupil-diameter-during-use-of-topical-mydriatics-in-the-canine-eye
#20
Liga Kovalcuka, Agris Ilgazs, Dace Bandere, David L Williams
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of topical 0.5% tropicamide, 1% atropine sulphate and 10% phenylephrine hydrochloride ophthalmic solutions on intraocular pressure (IOP) and horizontal pupil diameter (HPD) in the dog during the first hour after treatment. Forty clinically and ophthalmologically normal canine patients (between the ages of 2 and 6 years) of varying breed and sex were used in this study. Animals were randomly divided into four groups of ten and given one drop of tropicamide, atropine, phenylephrine or saline into one eye...
2017: Open veterinary journal
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