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hyperplasia suprarenal

Eliska Lackova, Anton Cunderlik, Lubica Ticha, Maria Gabor
BACKGROUND: The enlargement of suprarenal gland is related to preterm birth and the birth weight. The ultrasound measurement of fetal adrenal gland volume may identify women at risk for impending preterm birth. The aim of our study was to investigate the newborns in the region of western Slovakia followed up due to suprarenal gland enlargement. To set the ratio of prenatally diagnosed suprarenal gland enlargment, postnatal managment and treatment and interventions. The newborns with congenital adrenal hyperplasia were excluded...
November 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Kiran M Sargar, Geetika Khanna, Rebecca Hulett Bowling
The adrenal glands in children can be affected by a variety of benign lesions. The diagnosis of adrenal lesions can be challenging, but assessment of morphologic changes in correlation with the clinical presentation can lead to an accurate diagnosis. These lesions can be classified by their cause: congenital (eg, discoid adrenal gland, horseshoe adrenal gland, and epithelial cysts), vascular and/or traumatic (eg, adrenal hemorrhage), infectious (eg, granulomatous diseases), enzyme deficiency disorders (eg, congenital adrenal hyperplasia [CAH] and Wolman disease), benign neoplasms (eg, pheochromocytomas, ganglioneuromas, adrenal adenomas, and myelolipomas), and adrenal mass mimics (eg, extralobar sequestration and extramedullary hematopoiesis)...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Siobhan M Flanagan, Erika Rubesova, Diego Jaramillo, Richard A Barth
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value and complementary roles of fetal MRI and US for characterization and diagnosis of suprarenal masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multi-institutional retrospective database search for prenatally diagnosed suprarenal masses between 1999 and 2012 and evaluated the roles of prenatal US and fetal MRI for characterization and diagnosis, using postnatal diagnosis or surgical pathology as the reference standard. Prenatal US and fetal MRI were assessed for unique findings of each modality...
February 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Arturo Zárate-Treviño, Marcelino Hernández-Valencia, Carlos Morán, Leticia Manuel, Renata Saucedo
In 1935 during a medical meeting behalf in New Orleans was presents a study that included seven cases of women that suffered menstrual dysfunctions, hirsutism and sterility, for laparotomy the description of the ovaries had a pearly white color and it was hypertrophic, the cuneiform resection in both ovaries resulted in correction of the menstrual dysfunction and two of them got pregnancy later on, receiving the name of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The technological advance facilitates the hormonal analyses demonstrating the hyperandrogenism existence and the mechanism of the anovulation, the PCOS showed to be heterogeneous, reason why it was hindered to define it, this advanced the current trend to question the existence of the PCOS and to accept the convenience, either to change the name or to redefine it, leaving it as a simple syndrome with several phenotypes...
April 2014: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Erik Maki, Karen Oh, Sarah Rogers, Roya Sohaey
Prenatal sonography and magnetic resonance imaging of suprarenal fetal masses is presented, along with clinical information and follow-up. Imaging pearls and differential considerations for each diagnosis will be discussed. Fetal suprarenal mass diagnoses include neuroblastoma, extralobar pulmonary sequestration, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, partial multicystic dysplastic kidney, renal duplication, urinoma, gastric duplication cyst, and splenic cyst. Recognizing the range of malignant and benign suprarenal fetal masses that can present on prenatal imaging can help guide patient counseling and management...
May 2014: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Katherine Phillips, May R Arroyo, Lizette Vila Duckworth
We report the postmortem findings of two siblings with gross and microscopic features consistent with IMAGe association (Intrauterine growth retardation, Metaphyseal dysplasia, Adrenal hypoplasia congenita, and Genital anomalies) with an emphasis on the histopathology of the adrenal gland in this rare syndrome. The first sibling was an 8-week old male diagnosed postnatally with primary adrenal insufficiency. There was no deletion of the DAX1 gene by FISH. Examination at autopsy revealed dysmorphic features including frontal bossing, epicanthal folds, flat philtrum, cryptorchidism, penile chordee, overriding fourth toe, and height and weight below 3rd percentile...
May 2014: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
Maria Maestre-Maderuelo, Marife Candel-Arenas, Emilio Terol-Garaulet, Francisco Miguel González-Valverde, Antonio Albarracin Marín-Blazquez
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic approach has become the gold standard for the surgical treatment of suprarenal gland. Nevertheless there is still controversy about the laparoscopic treatment of adrenal carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From April 2005 to April 2012, 37 laparoscopic adrenalectomies were performed. We describe and analyze retrospectively: age, sex, side, indication for surgery, tumor size, length of hospital stay, complications and conversion rate. RESULTS: 37 Patients, 19 male and 18 female, aged 51...
May 2013: Cirugia y Cirujanos
V Procházka, Z Kala, M Jíra, K Starý, S Bohatá, I Penka
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become a standard surgical procedure for the most of adrenal gland disorders. Hormonal active adenomas, feochromocytomas even some malignant tumors are the most frequent indications. The number of operations for accidentally diagnosed foci has grown rapidly. It has been suggested to revise recommendations specifying criteria, based on which incidentaloma is indicated for adrenalectomy. The aim of this work is to compare the results of adrenalectomies for hormonal active lesions and incidentalomas...
April 2012: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Vincenzo De Francesco, Claudio Avellini, Salvatore Pappalardo, Davide Proscia, Fabio Piccirillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2010: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Michael Santomauro, Chong Choe, Jared Heimbigner, John Roberts, Brian Auge
We present a rare case of a 16-year-old male patient with Castleman's disease (CD) manifest by a suspicious mass within the left suprarenal region abutting the left adrenal gland, mimicking an adrenal neoplasm. CD is an uncommon and poorly understood lymphoproliferative disorder that, when observed, typically occurs as a mediastinal mass. Two percent of cases reportedly occur in the pararenal region. Although rare, Castleman's disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a retroperitoneal mass...
August 2011: Urology
Jana Mistinova, Frantisek Valacsai, Ivan Varga
Congenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV) is a rare anomaly in which the intestinal and the splenic venous drainage bypass the liver and drain into systemic veins through various venous shunts. To our knowledge, we have reviewed all 83 cases of CAPV, since first described in 1793. This equates to a rate of almost 2.5 cases per year over the last 30 years. Morgan and Superina (1994, J. Pediatr. Surg. 29:1239-1241) proposed the following classification of portosystemic anomalies; either the liver is not perfused with portal blood because of a complete shunt (Type I) or the liver is perfused with portal blood due to the presence of a partial shunt (Type II)...
October 2010: Clinical Anatomy
J V Braithwaite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1935: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
R W Ellis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1934: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
F W Pratt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1934: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
E Fekete, G Woolley, C C Little
1. In dba mice ovariectomized at birth the vagina, uterus, and mammary glands showed a gradual recovery from the castrate state, and finally reached the stage which they presumably can attain only under the influence of estrogenic hormones. Tumors of the mammary glands developed in 37 animals, of 75 examined, between the ages of 14 and 28 months (3 adenomas and 34 carcinomas). 2. As ovarian regeneration had not taken place the probability that estrogen originated in some other organ in the absence of the ovaries is suggested...
June 30, 1941: Journal of Experimental Medicine
H L Jaffe
1. Double suprarenalectomy in growing rats is an additional stimulus for thymic growth and brings about marked prepubertal hyperplasia of this gland. 2. Our results on young rats suggest that the suprarenal cortex may be a factor in the excessive thymic hyperplasias seen in infants and children.
November 30, 1924: Journal of Experimental Medicine
H L Jaffe
1. Regeneration of involuted thymuses of old rats follows double suprarenalectomy in this species with great constancy. 2. Partial thymectomy alone does not induce compensatory secondary hyperplasia in involuting glands. 3. Regeneration of the thymus following suprarenalectomy would appear to be completed in most rats in about 2 weeks; and it probably begins in the medulla.
October 31, 1924: Journal of Experimental Medicine
H L Jaffe
Experimental evidence has been presented showing that the thymus gland of the rat enlarges rapidly in those animals surviving double suprarenalectomy. The enlargement has been observed to follow bilateral ablation with such constancy that it may be said to occur in all rats which survive double suprarenalectomy in good condition for from 3 to 5 weeks. The thymus enlarges even though the animal loses some weight after operation. Our data, though inconclusive, would seem to indicate a sex difference, the secondary hyperplasia of the thymus being more marked in the female than in the male...
August 31, 1924: Journal of Experimental Medicine
W H Brown, L Pearce
A malignant tumor which developed at the site of a primary syphilitic lesion in the scrotum of a rabbit, about 4 years after inoculation, and eventually led to the death of the animal, has formed the basis for an extensive series of investigations beginning with the study of the spontaneous tumor. The present report contains the clinical history of the animal from the time of inoculation to its death and the results of pathological examinations. The most important events recorded may be summarized as follows: 1...
April 30, 1923: Journal of Experimental Medicine
W J Scott
1. Severe and sufficient non-fatal injury to the suprarenal cortex by freezing or by ligation in cats causes a significant and prolonged increase in heat production. 2. Lethal injury to the suprarenals by freezing, ligation, or partial excision in cats causes a fall in heat production. 3. Insufficient injury to the suprarenals by freezing, ligation, or partial excision in cats produces no significant alteration in heat production. 4. Further evidence of a dose thyroid-suprarenal cortex interrelationship is indicated by the rapidity of thyroid hyperplasia and by the effects of KI after suprarenal crippling...
July 31, 1922: Journal of Experimental Medicine
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