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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352593/pre-admission-proteinuria-impacts-risk-of-non-recovery-after-dialysis-requiring-acute-kidney%C3%A2-injury
#1
Benjamin J Lee, Alan S Go, Rishi Parikh, Thomas K Leong, Thida C Tan, Sophia Walia, Raymond K Hsu, Kathleen D Liu, Chi-Yuan Hsu
Renal recovery after dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (AKI-D) is an important clinical and patient-centered outcome. Here we examined whether the pre-admission proteinuria level independently influences risk for non-recovery after AKI-D in a community-based population. All adult members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California who experienced AKI-D between January 1, 2009 and September 30, 2015 were included. Pre-admission proteinuria levels were determined by dipstick up to four years before the AKI-D hospitalization and the outcome was renal recovery (survival and dialysis-independence four weeks and more) at 90 days after initiation of renal replacement therapy...
January 9, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352014/effectiveness-of-comprehensive-social-support-interventions-among-elderly-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-communities-in-china-a-community-based-trial
#2
Xuhui Li, Bin Wang, Dixin Tan, Mengyu Li, Dandan Zhang, Cong Tang, Xiaonan Cai, Yaqiong Yan, Sheng Zhang, Bo Jin, Songlin Yu, Xunchang Liang, Qian Chu, Yihua Xu
BACKGROUND: With the increasing of ageing population, tuberculosis in the elderly brings a challenge for the tuberculosis (TB) control in China. Enough social support can promote the treatment adherence and outcome of the elderly patients with TB. Exploring effective interventions to improve the social support of patients is of great significance for TB management and control. METHODS: A community-based, repeated measurement trial was conducted. Patients with TB >65 years of age were allocated into the intervention or control group...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351786/factors-associated-with-intended-use-of-a-maternity-waiting-home-in-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Tienke Vermeiden, Floris Braat, Girmay Medhin, Asheber Gaym, Thomas van den Akker, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Although Ethiopia is scaling up Maternity Waiting Homes (MWHs) to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality, women's use of MWHs varies markedly between facilities. To maximize MWH utilization, it is essential that policymakers are aware of supportive and inhibitory factors. This study had the objective to describe factors and perceived barriers associated with potential utilization of an MWH among recently delivered and pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted between March and November 2014 among 428 recently delivered and pregnant women in the Eastern Gurage Zone, Southern Ethiopia, where an MWH was established for high-risk pregnant women to await onset of labour...
January 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351672/high-treatment-success-rate-among-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-myanmar-2012-2014-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Myat K Thu, Ajay M V Kumar, Kyaw T Soe, Saw Saw, Saw Thein, Zaw Mynit, Htet M W Maung, Si T Aung
Background: Since 2011, Myanmar has adopted domiciliary care for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients and implemented several patient-support measures such as community-based directly observed treatment, nutritional support and financial incentives for patients and providers. We assessed treatment outcomes among MDR-TB patients registered for treatment in the Yangon and Mandalay Regions of Myanmar during 2012-2014 and factors associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes...
January 17, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351650/are-evidence-based-community-engaged-energy-balance-interventions-enough-for-extremely-vulnerable-populations
#5
Nancy E Schoenberg, Yelena N Tarasenko, Claire Snell-Rood
Well-documented associations between lifestyle behaviors and disease outcomes necessitate evidence-based health promotion interventions. To enhance potential efficacy and effectiveness, interventionists increasingly respond to community priorities, employ comprehensive theoretical frameworks, invest heavily to ensure cultural fit, implement evidence-based programming, and deploy research gold standards. We describe a project that followed all of these recommended strategies, but did not achieve desired outcomes...
January 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351597/a-systematic-review-of-health-promotion-interventions-to-increase-breast-cancer-screening-uptake-from-the-last-12-years
#6
Feleke Doyore Agide, Roya Sadeghi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Bereket Molla Tigabu
Background: The outcome of breast cancer treatment largely depends on the timing of detection. The health promotion interventions have an immense contribution to early detection and improved survival. Therefore, this review aimed to provide evidence on the efficacy of the health promotion interventions to increase the uptake of breast cancer screening and to develop effective interventions targeting women. Methods: Online databases (PubMed/MEDLINE/PubMed Central, Ovid/MEDILINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google Scholar) were searched for studies published between January 2005 and January 2017...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350791/comparison-of-outpatient-medically-attended-and-community-level-influenza-like-illness-new-york-city-2013-2015
#7
Kate E Russell, Ashley Fowlkes, Melissa S Stockwell, Celibell Y Vargas, Lisa Saiman, Elaine L Larson, Philip LaRussa, Steve Di Lonardo, Michael Popowich, Kirsten St George, Andrea Steffens, Carrie Reed
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) in the United States is primarily conducted through medical settings despite a significant burden of non-medically attended ILI. OBJECTIVES: To assess consistency between surveillance for respiratory viruses in outpatient and community settings using ILI surveillance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Influenza Incidence Surveillance Project (IISP) and the Mobile Surveillance for Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) and Influenza-Like Illness in the Community (MoSAIC) Study...
January 19, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350693/colorectal-cancer-a-collaborative-approach-to-improve-education-and-screening-in-a-rural-population%C3%A2
#8
Marsha Woodall, Mary DeLetter
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer and second leading cause of cancer death for men and women in the United States. Although early detection and diagnosis greatly affect survival rates, only about half of the U.S. population participates in screening.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to implement community-based CRC education and screening. Outcomes included CRC knowledge, CRC screening kit return rate, and rate of positive screening results...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350344/the-relationship-between-exercise-dose-and-health-related-quality-of-life-with-a-phase-iii-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#9
Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, Stacey Reading, Paul Nolan, Lance C Dalleck
PURPOSE: To quantify the relationship between the change in exercise dose and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a cohort of patients participating in a community-based phase-3 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. METHODS: A retrospective, pre-experimental (no control group) design of 58 participants that completed a phase-3, 12-week exercise-based CR program was used to test the current hypothesis. Self-reported HRQoL (36-Item Short Form Health Survey Version 2, SF-36v2) was assessed prior and after completing the CR program...
January 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349240/explaining-racial-ethnic-differences-in-all-cause-mortality-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa-substantive-complexity-and-hazardous-working-conditions-as-mediating-factors
#10
Kaori Fujishiro, Anjum Hajat, Paul A Landsbergis, John D Meyer, Pamela J Schreiner, Joel D Kaufman
Research on racial/ethnic health disparities and socioeconomic position has not fully considered occupation. However, because occupations are racially patterned, certain occupational characteristics may explain racial/ethnic difference in health. This study examines the role of occupational characteristics in racial/ethnic disparities in all-cause mortality. Data are from a U.S. community-based cohort study (n=6342, median follow-up: 12.2 years), in which 893 deaths (14.1%) occurred. We estimated mortality hazard ratios (HRs) for African Americans, Hispanics, and Chinese Americans compared with whites...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348475/osteoporosis-community-based-screening-reduces-hip-fracture-risk
#11
Conor A Bradley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347825/increasing-condom-usage-for-african-american-and-hispanic-young-fathers-in-a-community-based-intervention
#12
Cristina Mogro-Wilson, Aubri Drake, Emil Coman, Toral Sanghavi, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates a community-based intervention for young fathers, FatherWorks, compared to care-as-usual, 24/7 Dads. We hypothesized that utilizing the FatherWorks intervention (a 15 session parenting intervention, 13 session employment class, paid internship, case management, and access to behavioral health services) will assist in readiness to use condoms and increase condom usage, which may differ by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Eligible males (n = 328) were enrolled into a Randomized Control Trial...
January 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346480/changing-collective-social-norms-in-favour-of-reduced-harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-review-of-reviews
#13
Peter Anderson, Eva Jané-Llopis, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Jürgen Rehm
Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated. Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Data sources: Searches on OVID Medline, Healthstar, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, Social Work Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Mental Measurements Yearbook, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, NASW Clinical Register and Epub Ahead of Print databases...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345965/the-case-for-exploring-the-usage-of-employee-wellness-programs-for-pediatric-asthma-control
#14
Mandeep S Jassal, Arlene Butz
The multiple socioecological determinants of asthma mandate that pediatricians develop a treatment strategy beyond the practice-based setting. To expand to a more impactful community-based role, pediatricians must look to form partnerships with groups that are capable of promoting social and environmental change. Traditionally, these groups have included schools, governmental agencies, and child care establishments. One group that is not actively being availed of are employers who have shown success in improving adult-based outcomes through wellness programs...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345553/quality-and-variability-of-patient-directions-in-electronic-prescriptions-in-the-ambulatory-care-setting
#15
Yuze Yang, Stacy Ward-Charlerie, Ajit A Dhavle, Michael T Rupp, James Green
BACKGROUND: The prescriber's directions to the patient (Sig) are one of the most quality-sensitive components of a prescription order. Owing to their free-text format, the Sig data that are transmitted in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions) have the potential to produce interpretation challenges at receiving pharmacies that may threaten patient safety and also negatively affect medication labeling and patient counseling. Ensuring that all data transmitted in the e-prescription are complete and unambiguous is essential for minimizing disruptions in workflow at prescribers' offices and receiving pharmacies and optimizing the safety and effectiveness of patient care...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345481/the-influence-of-low-barrier-and-voluntary-service-policies-on-survivor-empowerment-in-a-domestic-violence-housing-organization
#16
Nkiru Nnawulezi, Surbhi Godsay, Cris M Sullivan, Suzanne Marcus, Margaret Hacskaylo
The purpose of community-based domestic violence crisis housing programs (e.g., shelters) is to provide a safe setting that promotes empowerment for survivors of intimate partner violence. For staff to reach this aim, the program must have formal structures and processes in place to support such efforts. This study explored how low-barrier and voluntary service policies influenced staff practices and survivor empowerment. Low-barrier policies require that programs remove barriers that prevent survivors, particularly those who have mental health concerns and/or addictions, from being able to access services...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345425/eligibility-of-sacubitril-valsartan-in-a-real-world-heart-failure-population-a-community-based-single-centre-study
#17
Helena Norberg, Ellinor Bergdahl, Krister Lindmark
AIMS: This study aims to investigate the eligibility of the Prospective Comparison of Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibitor (ARNI) with ACE inhibitor to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure (PARADIGM-HF) study to a real-world heart failure population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Medical records of all heart failure patients living within the catchment area of Umeå University Hospital were reviewed. This district consists of around 150 000 people...
January 18, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345042/a-systematic-review-of-community-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#18
REVIEW
C J Moores, L K Bell, J Miller, R A Damarell, L Matwiejczyk, M D Miller
Adolescent obesity is a risk factor for obesity and other chronic disease in adulthood. Evidence for the effectiveness of community-based obesity treatment programs for adolescents is required to inform policy and clinical decisions. This systematic review aims to evaluate recent effective and scalable community-based weight management programs for adolescents (13-17 years) who are overweight or obese. Eight databases (Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Informit, and Scopus) were searched for studies published between January 2011-2 March 2017 which are scalable in a community setting and reported primary outcome measures relating to weight...
January 17, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344773/beyond-content-cultural-perspectives-on-using-the-internet-to-deliver-a-sexual-health-intervention-to-american-indian-youth
#19
Kirsten J Black, Bradley Morse, Nicole Tuitt, CeCe Big Crow, Carly Shangreau, Carol E Kaufman
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth are characterized by high rates of pregnancy and risky sexual behavior. Reaching these youth with culturally appropriate interventions is difficult due to geographic dispersion and cultural isolation. Online interventions can provide opportunities for reaching and engaging AIAN youth. However, electronic interventions are also impersonal and this can be culturally incongruous for AIANs and other populations for whom traditional ceremonies, practices and patterns of interpersonal communication are central...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343308/invited-review-genomic-selection-for-small-ruminants-in-developed-countries-how-applicable-for-the-rest-of-the-world
#20
R Mrode, G M Tarekegn, J M Mwacharo, A Djikeng
Improved management and use of estimated breeding values in breeding programmes, have resulted in rapid genetic progress for small ruminants (SR) in Europe and other developed countries. The development of single nucleotide polymorphisms chips opened opportunities for genomic selection (GS) in SR in these countries. Initially focused on production traits (growth and milk), GS has been extended to functional traits (reproductive performance, disease resistance and meat quality). The GS systems have been characterized by smaller reference populations compared with those of dairy cattle and consisting mostly of cross- or multi-breed populations...
January 18, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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