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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933462/what-do-you-need-to-get-male-partners-of-pregnant-women-tested-for-hiv-in-resource-limited-settings-the-baby-shower-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Echezona E Ezeanolue, Michael C Obiefune, Wei Yang, Chinenye O Ezeanolue, Jennifer Pharr, Alice Osuji, Amaka G Ogidi, Aaron T Hunt, Dina Patel, Gbenga Ogedegbe, John E Ehiri
Male partner involvement has the potential to increase uptake of interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Finding cultural appropriate strategies to promote male partner involvement in PMTCT programs remains an abiding public health challenge. We assessed whether a congregation-based intervention, the Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI), would lead to increased uptake of HIV testing among male partners of pregnant women during pregnancy. A cluster-randomized controlled trial of forty churches in Southeastern Nigeria randomly assigned to either the HBI (intervention group; IG) or standard of care referral to a health facility (control group; CG) was conducted...
December 8, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933461/factors-associated-with-hiv-testing-among-participants-from-substance-use-disorder-treatment-programs-in-the-us-a-machine-learning-approach
#2
Yue Pan, Hongmei Liu, Lisa R Metsch, Daniel J Feaster
HIV testing is the foundation for consolidated HIV treatment and prevention. In this study, we aim to discover the most relevant variables for predicting HIV testing uptake among substance users in substance use disorder treatment programs by applying random forest (RF), a robust multivariate statistical learning method. We also provide a descriptive introduction to this method for those who are unfamiliar with it. We used data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network HIV testing and counseling study (CTN-0032)...
December 8, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933105/prevalence-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-malaysian-communities
#3
Chiao Wen Lim, Sazzli Kasim, Johan Rizwal Ismail, Nicholas Yul Chye Chua, Rizmy Najme Khir, Hafisyatul Aiza Zainal Abidin, Effarezan Abdul Rahman, Mohd Kamal Mohd Arshad, Zubin Ibrahim Othman, Khalid Yusoff
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. The REDISCOVER (Responding to Increasing Cardiovascular disease prevalence) study is an observational longitudinal community-based study that tracks changing lifestyles, risk factors and chronic disease in urban and rural areas of Malaysia. In this study, we aim to study the prevalence of AF and its associated risk factors. METHODS: The study was conducted between 2007 and 2014...
2016: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932907/optimized-r-functions-for-analysis-of-ecological-community-data-using-the-r-virtual-laboratory-rvlab
#4
Constantinos Varsos, Theodore Patkos, Anastasis Oulas, Christina Pavloudi, Alexandros Gougousis, Umer Zeeshan Ijaz, Irene Filiopoulou, Nikolaos Pattakos, Edward Vanden Berghe, Antonio Fernández-Guerra, Sarah Faulwetter, Eva Chatzinikolaou, Evangelos Pafilis, Chryssoula Bekiari, Martin Doerr, Christos Arvanitidis
BACKGROUND: Parallel data manipulation using R has previously been addressed by members of the R community, however most of these studies produce ad hoc solutions that are not readily available to the average R user. Our targeted users, ranging from the expert ecologist/microbiologists to computational biologists, often experience difficulties in finding optimal ways to exploit the full capacity of their computational resources. In addition, improving performance of commonly used R scripts becomes increasingly difficult especially with large datasets...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932521/adapting-an-hiv-risk-reduction-curriculum-processes-and-outcomes
#5
Melissa K Miller, Joi Wickliffe, Sharon G Humiston, M Denise Dowd, Patricia Kelly, Stephen DeLurgio, Kathy Goggin
Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART) is a community-based, HIV risk reduction curriculum shown to increase safer sex behaviors among African American adolescents. However, BART does not address common barriers to sexual health care access, which may limit program efficacy. We used a community-engaged adaptation process to maximize program relevance and health outcomes by incorporating a broad ecological perspective. Adolescent and staff advisory boards at a community-based organization recommended modifications (e...
December 7, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932016/to-dance-or-not-to-dance-a-comparison-of-balance-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-older-irish-set-dancers-and-age-matched-controls
#6
J Shanahan, L Coman, F Ryan, J Saunders, K O'Sullivan, O Ni Bhriain, A M Clifford
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine if older adults regularly participating in Irish set dancing have superior balance, physical fitness and quality of life compared to age-matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a community-based, observational cross-sectional design. METHODS: Regular set dancers (n = 39) and age-matched controls (n = 33) were recruited. Participants were assessed using the physical activity scale for the elderly (physical activity levels), mini-BESTest (balance) and senior fitness test (battery of functional fitness tests)...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931257/oral-microflora-in-preschool-children-attending-a-fluoride-varnish-program-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Maria Anderson, Margaret Grindefjord, Göran Dahllöf, Gunnar Dahlén, Svante Twetman
BACKGROUND: To compare the oral microflora in preschool children attending a fluoride varnish program with a reference group receiving a standard oral health program without fluoride varnish applications. A second aim was to relate the microbial composition to the caries prevalence. METHODS: Five hundred seven 3-year-old children were enrolled from a cohort of 3403 preschool children taking part in a community based oral health project. Two hundred sixty-three of them had attended caries-preventive program with semi-annual applications of a fluoride varnish since the age of 1 year (test group) while 237 had received standard preventive care (reference group)...
December 8, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931248/postpartum-depression-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-a-low-income-urban-settlement-in-nairobi-kenya
#8
Beatrice A Madeghe, Violet N Kimani, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression can compromise caregiving activities, including infant feeding practices, resulting in child malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of postpartum depression on infant feeding practices and malnutrition among women in an urban low income settlement in Nairobi-Kenya. We conducted a cross-sectional study based in Kariobangi North Health Centre in Nairobi County. The study sample included 200 mother-infant pairs visiting the Maternal and Child Health clinics for infant immunization at 6-14 weeks postpartum...
December 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931229/a-national-health-facility-survey-of-malaria-infection-among-febrile-patients-in-kenya-2014
#9
Sophie Githinji, Abdisalan M Noor, Josephine Malinga, Peter M Macharia, Rebecca Kiptui, Ahmeddin Omar, Kiambo Njagi, Ejersa Waqo, Robert W Snow
BACKGROUND: The use of malaria infection prevalence among febrile patients at clinics has a potential to be a valuable epidemiological surveillance tool. However, routine data are incomplete and not all fevers are tested. This study was designed to screen all fevers for malaria infection in Kenya to explore the epidemiology of fever test positivity rates. METHODS: Random sampling was used within five malaria epidemiological zones of Kenya (i.e., high lake endemic, moderate coast endemic, highland epidemic, seasonal low transmission and low risk zones)...
December 8, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930610/using-mhealth-for-hiv-tb-treatment-support-in-lesotho-enhancing-patient-provider-communication-in-the-start-study
#10
Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Amrita Daftary, Katharine A Yuengling, Suzue Saito, Moeketsi Ntoane, Koen Frederix, Llang B Maama, Andrea A Howard
BACKGROUND: mHealth is a promising means of supporting adherence to treatment. The Start TB patients on ART and Retain on Treatment (START) study included real-time adherence support using short-text messaging service (SMS) text messaging and trained village health workers (VHWs). We describe the use and acceptability of mHealth by patients with HIV/tuberculosis and health care providers. METHODS: Patients and treatment supporters received automated, coded medication and appointment reminders at their preferred time and frequency, using their own phones, and $3...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930355/premature-cardiac-aging-in-south-asian-compared-to-afro-caribbean-subjects-in-a-community-based-screening-study
#11
Eduard Shantsila, Alena Shantsila, Paramjit S Gill, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: People of South Asian (SAs) and African Caribbean (AC) origin have increased cardiovascular morbidity, but underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Aging is the key predictor of deterioration in diastolic function, which can be assessed by echocardiography using E/e' ratio as a surrogate of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. The study aimed to assess a possibility of premature cardiac aging in SA and AC subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 4540 subjects: 2880 SA and 1660 AC subjects...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929757/predisposing-enabling-and-need-factors-associated-with-utilization-of-institutional-delivery-services-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-far-western-nepal
#12
Leila Freidoony, Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chhun Bae Kim, Chang Soo Kim, Dong Won Ahn, Young Ah Doh
Use of institutional delivery services can be effective in reducing maternal and infant mortality. In Nepal, however, the majority of women deliver at home. Using Andersen's behavioral model of use of health care services, this cross-sectional study aimed to identify factors associated with use of institutional delivery services in four villages and one municipality in Kailali district, Nepal. Mothers (N = 500) who had given birth in the 5 years preceding the survey (conducted between January and February 2015) were randomly selected by cluster sampling and interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire...
December 8, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929732/the-prevalence-of-thyroid-nodules-and-their-association-with-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-in-a-moderate-iodine-intake-area
#13
Shangyong Feng, Zhenwen Zhang, Shuhang Xu, Xiaodong Mao, Yu Feng, Yan Zhu, Chao Liu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of thyroid nodules (TNs) and to evaluate the association between TNs and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the moderate iodine intake area of Jiangsu, China. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a Chinese community-based epidemiological investigation from January to December 2014. A questionnaire was completed by 6494 subjects (2427 men and 4067 women). Thyroid ultrasound was performed by using a 7...
December 8, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929403/regional-correlates-of-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment
#14
Taina Ala-Nikkola, Sami Pirkola, Minna Kaila, Samuli I Saarni, Grigori Joffe, Raija Kontio, Olli Oranta, Minna Sadeniemi, Kristian Wahlbeck
Current reforms of mental health and substance abuse services (MHS) emphasize community-based care and the downsizing of psychiatric hospitals. Reductions in acute and semi-acute hospital beds are achieved through shortened stays or by avoiding hospitalization. Understanding the factors that drive the current inpatient treatment provision is essential. We investigated how the MHS service structure (diversity of services and balance of personnel resources) and indicators of service need (mental health index, education, single household, and alcohol sales) correlated with acute and semi-acute inpatient treatment provision...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928758/mapping-chu9d-utility-scores-from-the-pedsql-tm-4-0-sf-15
#15
Christine Mpundu-Kaambwa, Gang Chen, Remo Russo, Katherine Stevens, Karin Dam Petersen, Julie Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 Short Form 15 Generic Core Scales (hereafter the PedsQL) and the Child Health Utility-9 Dimensions (CHU9D) are two generic instruments designed to measure health-related quality of life in children and adolescents in the general population and paediatric patient groups living with specific health conditions. Although the PedsQL is widely used among paediatric patient populations, presently it is not possible to directly use the scores from the instrument to calculate quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) for application in economic evaluation because it produces summary scores which are not preference-based...
December 7, 2016: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928660/economic-evaluation-of-community-based-case-management-of-patients-suffering-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Sabrina Storgaard Sørensen, Kjeld Møller Pedersen, Ulla Møller Weinreich, Lars Ehlers
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the cost effectiveness of community-based case management for patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: The study took place in the third largest municipality in Denmark and was conducted as a randomised controlled trial with 12 months of follow-up. A total of 150 patients with COPD were randomised into two groups receiving usual care and case management in addition to usual care. Case management included among other things self care proficiency, medicine compliance, and care coordination...
December 7, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928490/the-prevalence-of-parvovirus-b19-infection-among-pregnant-women-of-ardabil-in-2013
#17
Shahram Habibzadeh, Hadi Peeri-Doghaheh, Jafar Mohammad-Shahi, Elham Mobini, Samira Shahbazzadegan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Trans-placental transmission of parvovirus B19 during pregnancy can causes adverse outcomes. Regarding its importance in prenatal care, we decided to study prevalence of parvovirus B19 infection among pregnant woman in Ardabil, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a community based study with a cluster sampling, 350 pregnant women that attended in health care centers in Ardabil were selected. Serum samples were collected and Anti-B19 specific IgG was detected using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (Euroimmune Elisa kit, Germany)...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928149/association-between-passive-smoking-and-hypertension-in-chinese-non-smoking-elderly-women
#18
Lei Wu, Shanshan Yang, Yao He, Miao Liu, Yiyan Wang, Jianhua Wang, Bin Jiang
Although active smoking is linked with hypertension, the effect of environmental tobacco smoke exposure on hypertension has rarely been studied, and the scant epidemiological data available have yielded uncertain findings. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study in a representative urban area of Beijing, China. A two-stage stratified clustering sampling method was performed, and 1078 female participants aged ⩾60 years were included in the analysis. Among the participants without antihypertensive treatment, >2 hours of daily passive cigarette smoking was significantly associated with higher systolic (by 4...
December 8, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928079/factors-associated-with-fatal-outcomes-following-cholera-like-syndrome-in-far-north-region-of-cameroon-a-community-based-survey
#19
Fabrice N Djouma, Jerome Ateudjieu, Malathi Ram, Amanda K Debes, David A Sack
This study demonstrates that most cholera deaths in this region of Cameroon occur out of hospital. This is a region which is prone to cholera, and interventions are needed to improve access to emergency medical care, especially during cholera outbreaks. Cameroon has experienced 14 cholera epidemics during the last 20 years, and these have had high case fatality rates. This study attempted to assess the effect of delays in seeking care and the locations of care as possible risk factors for cholera mortality...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927725/correlates-of-caregiver-participation-in-a-brief-community-based-dementia-care-management-program
#20
Shahrzad Mavandadi, Samir Patel, Amy Benson, Suzanne DiFilippo, Joel Streim, David Oslin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The evidence base for dementia care management interventions for informal caregivers (CGs) is strong, yet enrollment and sustained engagement in academic and community-based research trials is low. This study sought to examine rates and correlates of participation in a community-based, telephone-delivered dementia care management program designed to address logistic and practical barriers to participation in CG trials and services. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants included 290 CGs of older, community-dwelling, low-income care recipients (CRs) who met criteria for enrollment in a collaborative dementia care management program that provides assessment, psychosocial support and education, and connection to community resources via telephone...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
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