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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782491/community-based-benchmarking-improves-spike-rate-inference-from-two-photon-calcium-imaging-data
#1
Philipp Berens, Jeremy Freeman, Thomas Deneux, Nicolay Chenkov, Thomas McColgan, Artur Speiser, Jakob H Macke, Srinivas C Turaga, Patrick Mineault, Peter Rupprecht, Stephan Gerhard, Rainer W Friedrich, Johannes Friedrich, Liam Paninski, Marius Pachitariu, Kenneth D Harris, Ben Bolte, Timothy A Machado, Dario Ringach, Jasmine Stone, Luke E Rogerson, Nicolas J Sofroniew, Jacob Reimer, Emmanouil Froudarakis, Thomas Euler, Miroslav Román Rosón, Lucas Theis, Andreas S Tolias, Matthias Bethge
In recent years, two-photon calcium imaging has become a standard tool to probe the function of neural circuits and to study computations in neuronal populations. However, the acquired signal is only an indirect measurement of neural activity due to the comparatively slow dynamics of fluorescent calcium indicators. Different algorithms for estimating spike rates from noisy calcium measurements have been proposed in the past, but it is an open question how far performance can be improved. Here, we report the results of the spikefinder challenge, launched to catalyze the development of new spike rate inference algorithms through crowd-sourcing...
May 21, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781986/measuring-the-carotid-to-femoral-pulse-wave-velocity-cf-pwv-to-evaluate-arterial-stiffness
#2
Hongwei Ji, Jing Xiong, Shikai Yu, Chen Chi, Bin Bai, Jiadela Teliewubai, Yuyan Lu, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
For the elderly, arterial stiffening is a good marker for aging evaluation and it is recommended that the arterial stiffness be determined noninvasively by the measurement of carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) (Class I; Level of Evidence A). In literature, numerous community-based or disease-specific studies have reported that higher cf-PWV is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Here, we discuss strategies to evaluate arterial stiffness with cf-PWV. Following the well-defined steps detailed here, e...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781923/going-beyond-clinical-care-to-reduce-health-care-spending-findings-from-the-j-chip-community-based-population-health-management-program-evaluation
#3
Shannon M E Murphy, Douglas E Hough, Martha L Sylvia, Melissa Sherry, Linda J Dunbar, Raymond Zollinger, Regina Richardson, Scott A Berkowitz, Kevin D Frick
BACKGROUND: Addressing both clinical and nonclinical determinants of health is essential for improving population health outcomes. In 2012, the Johns Hopkins Community Health Partnership (J-CHiP) implemented innovative population health management programs across acute and community environments. The community-based program involved multidisciplinary teams [ie, physicians, care managers (CM), health behavior specialists (HBS), community health workers, neighborhood navigators] and collaboration with community-based organizations to address social determinants...
May 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781920/outcomes-of-community-based-prenatal-education-programs-for-pregnant-women-in-rural-texas
#4
Joseph Ramsey, Brandii Mayes
A prenatal, evidenced-based education program was implemented in 7 rural counties and provided by trained staff at the Texas Department of State Health Services. This was implemented to address health disparities, in regard to birth outcomes, in rural minorities of Southeast Texas. The participants were given a preassessment (N = 382) and a postassessment (N = 326) of relevant health knowledge and a follow-up assessment (N = 149) to document the outcomes of their birth as well as health practices they were employing as new parents...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781895/psychological-community-integration-of-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#5
Rohini Pahwa, Liat Kriegel
As different facets of community integration as well as psychological and social integration are important dimensions of recovery for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). The primary aim of the study was to explore psychological integration for individuals with SMI into the mental health and mainstream (i.e., non-mental health) communities and its association with their social integration into both communities. The study used self-report and egocentric social network data from 60 individuals with SMI receiving community-based mental health services...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781881/individual-and-network-factors-associated-with-hiv-care-continuum-outcomes-among-nigerian-msm-accessing-healthcare-services
#6
Habib O Ramadhani, Nicaise Ndembi, Rebecca G Nowak, Uchenna Ononaku, Jerry Gwamna, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Sylvia Adebajo, Trevor A Crowell, Hongjie Liu, Stefan D Baral, Julie Ake, Man E Charurat
BACKGROUND: and setting: As data on the determinants of the HIV care continuum from key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM) in resource-limited, settings (RLS) are limited, the study aimed to characterize HIV care continuum outcomes and assess individual and network barriers to progression through the HIV care continuum among MSM in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 study used respondent-driven-sampling to accrue MSM into community-based clinics in Nigeria...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781784/-being-connected-the-experience-of-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-a-community-based-participatory-research-project-part-i
#7
M Tish Knobf, Diane Erdos
The objective was to understand the breast cancer experience of African American (AA) women using a community-based participatory research framework. Qualitative data were collected from five focus groups with 29 participants in four urban cities. "Being Connected" was the major theme that explained the importance of people in their lives as they coped with the diagnosis, treatment, and life after therapy. Faith, talking, information, support, and living with changes were important factors in the process...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781697/the-roles-training-and-knowledge-of-community-health-workers-about-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-khayelitsha-cape-town
#8
Lungiswa P Tsolekile, Helen Schneider, Thandi Puoane
BACKGROUND:  The current roles and capacity of community health workers (CHWs) in the management and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES:  To assess CHWs' current roles, training and knowledge about diabetes and hypertension in Khayelitsha, Cape Town. METHODS:  A cross-sectional study of 150 CHWs from two non-governmental organisations contracted to provide NCD care as part of a comprehensive package of services was conducted...
March 26, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781692/significance-of-mental-health-legislation-for-successful-primary-care-for-mental-health-and-community-mental-health-services-a-review
#9
Getinet Ayano
BACKGROUND:  Mental health legislation (MHL) is required to ensure a regulatory framework for mental health services and other providers of treatment and care, and to ensure that the public and people with a mental illness are afforded protection from the often-devastating consequences of mental illness. AIMS:  To provide an overview of evidence on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health servicesMethod: A qualitative review of the literature on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health services was conducted...
March 29, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781684/husbands-participation-in-birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-and-associated-factors-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia
#10
Minyahil Tadesse, Andualem T Boltena, Benedict O Asamoah
BACKGROUND:  The poor emphasis on the role of husbands in birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) is a major factor that should be addressed in tackling maternal mortality. AIM:  To assess the level of husbands' participation in BPCR and associated factors. SETTING:  Wolaita Sodo town, Southern Ethiopia. METHODS:  A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 608 husbands of pregnant women and nursing mothers...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781528/assessing-the-competency-and-acceptability-of-community-health-worker-provision-of-standard-days-method%C3%A2-in-family-planning-services-in-gisagara-district-rwanda
#11
Lauren VanEnk, Victoria Shelus, Catherine Mugeni, Marie Mukabatsinda, Jeannette Cachan
This study assesses the competency and acceptability of community-based provision of Standard Days Method® (SDM) to first-time users in Rwanda. The national strategy equips community health workers (CHWs) to resupply pills, injectables and condoms to existing clients. With the aim of expanding access, SDM provision to first-time users was added to the method mix in Gisagara district and assessed with a 12 month prospective, mixed methods study. Thirty percent of SDM clients had never used a method of family planning and 58 percent had not been using a method for at least three months...
May 21, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781525/effect-of-deploying-trained-community-based-reproductive-health-nurses-corn-on-long-acting-reversible-contraception-larc-use-in-rural-ethiopia-a-cluster-randomized-community-trial
#12
Taddese Alemu Zerfu, Henok Taddese Ayele, Tariku Nigatu Bogale
To investigate the effect of innovative means to distribute LARC on contraceptive use, we implemented a three arm, parallel groups, cluster randomized community trial design. The intervention consisted of placing trained community-based reproductive health nurses (CORN) within health centers or health posts. The nurses provided counseling to encourage women to use LARC and distributed all contraceptive methods. A total of 282 villages were randomly selected and assigned to a control arm (n = 94) or 1 of 2 treatment arms (n = 94 each)...
May 21, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781157/adverse-selection-and-supply-side-factors-in-the-enrollment-in-community-based-health-insurance-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-mixed-methodology
#13
Asmamaw Atafu, Soonman Kwon
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Ethiopian government introduced different measures to implement community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes to improve access to health service and reduce the catastrophic effect of health care costs. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the determinants of enrollment in CBHI in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: In this study, we utilized a mix of quantitative (multivariate logistic regression applied to population survey linked with health facility survey) and qualitative (focus group discussion and in-depth interview) methods to better understand the factors that affect CBHI enrollment...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780888/empathy-in-internal-medicine-residents-at-community-based-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Jami Foreback, Halina Kusz, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Barbara Pawlaczyk
Introduction: Many research reports revealed declining empathy in medical schools that continues in postgraduate years of training. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported empathy levels of internal medicine (IM) residents in 3 community-based teaching hospitals. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Health Professionals version, is an online, self-administered, questionnaire that was offered to 129 current and incoming residents at 1 osteopathic and 2 allopathic, IM training programs in Flint, Michigan...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780698/multiculturalism-and-interculturalism-redefining-nationhood-and-solidarity
#15
Riva Kastoryano
Theoretical and normative approaches regarding the question of diversity and integration, such as multiucluturalims and interculturalims compete in an attempt to redefine citizenship and nationhood. Most analyses have been single-theory-oriented, leading to multiple, contested and controversial interpretations of integration and democratic public spaces. Transnationalism raises the question of the limits of national public space and extends the concept of cultural integration beyond borders challenging the normative theories of multiculturalism and interculturalism bounded to national societies...
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780107/low-urine-ph-is-associated-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Teruki Miyake, Sakiko Yoshida, Shin Yamamoto, Shinya Furukawa, Osamu Yoshida, Sayaka Kanzaki, Hidenori Senba, Toru Ishihara, Mitsuhito Koizumi, Yoshio Tokumoto, Masashi Hirooka, Teru Kumagi, Masanori Abe, Kohichiro Kitai, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa
Background Low urine pH is associated with several metabolic diseases, such as dyslipidemia, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. However, the association between low urine pH and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unknown. Therefore, we conducted a community-based cross-sectional study to investigate this association. Methods Between April 2013 and March 2014, the records of 4,945 Japanese subjects who had undergone annual health checkups were reviewed to identify subjects who met the diagnostic criteria for NAFLD...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780027/relationships-between-functional-fitness-and-cognitive-impairment-in-chinese-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Mei Yang, Yan Guo, Jie Gong, Mengyao Deng, Niannian Yang, Yaqiong Yan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between each functional fitness (FF) domain and cognitive impairment (CI) in Chinese community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted. SETTING: Participants were selected by multistage stratified random sampling in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, Central China, during December 2015-May 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2096 (1031 male and 1065 female) adults older than 65 years were included in our study...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779834/economic-evaluation-of-a-multi-disciplinary-community-based-intervention-programme-for-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#18
Yvonne C Anderson, William Leung, Cameron C Grant, Tami L Cave, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Nicola M Pereira, Paul L Hofman, Trudy A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Whānau Pakari, a home-based, 12-month multi-disciplinary child obesity intervention programme was cost-effective when compared with the prior conventional hospital-based model of care. METHODS: Whānau Pakari trial participants were recruited January 2012-August 2014, and randomised to either a high-intensity intervention (weekly sessions for 12 months with home-based assessments and advice, n=100) or low-intensity control (home-based assessments and advice only, n=99)...
May 17, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779504/association-of-dietary-patterns-of-american-adults-with-bone-mineral-density-and-fracture
#19
Mohsen Mazidi, Andre Pascal Kengne, Hassan Vatanparast
OBJECTIVE: In a representative sample of US adults, we investigated the associations of nutrient patterns (NP) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: US community-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). SUBJECTS: Participants with measured data on dietary intake and BMD from 2005 to 2010 were included. Principal components analysis was used to identify NP...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779266/associations-of-mental-health-with-cardiovascular-risk-phenotypes-and-adiposity-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#20
Kate Lycett, Clare McNamara, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, Jessica A Kerr, Josh Muller, Melissa Wake
AIM: Cardiovascular disease and mental illness commonly co-occur in later life, but it is unknown how early these associations arise. We aimed to determine the extent to which: (i) childhood mental health is associated with functional and structural cardiovascular risk phenotypes and adiposity in late childhood/adolescence, and (ii) associations between mental health and cardiovascular phenotypes may be explained by differential body mass index. METHODS: This cross-sectional study drew on three longitudinal community-based cohort studies (two enriched for overweight/obesity) in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, with harmonized follow-up in 2014...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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