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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224981/visuomotor-mental-rotation-of-a-saccade-the-contingent-negative-variation-scales-to-the-angle-of-rotation
#1
Matthew Heath, Francisco L Colino, Jillian Chan, Olave E Krigolson
The visuomotor mental rotation (VMR) of a saccade requires a response to a region of space that is dissociated from a stimulus by a pre-specified angle, and work has shown a monotonic increase in reaction times as a function of increasing oblique angles of rotation. These results have been taken as evidence of a continuous process of rotation and have generated competing hypotheses. One hypothesis asserts that rotation is mediated via frontoparietal structures, whereas a second states that a continuous shift in the activity of direction-specific neurons in the superior colliculus (SC) supports rotation...
December 7, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216484/beliefs-about-the-causes-of-and-treatments-for-depression-and-bipolar-disorder-among-south-koreans
#2
Subin Park, Hyesue Jang, Adrian Furnham, Mina Jeon, Se Jin Park
Public beliefs about psychiatric disorders are important for understanding help-seeking behaviours. We investigated factors that affect South Koreans' beliefs about the causes and treatment of depression and bipolar disorder. We recruited 654 participants aged 15-54 years using an online panel survey. Participants completed two questionnaires: 34 possible causes of and 33 possible treatments for depression and bipolar disorder. For both disorders, the questionnaires about causes revealed four factors: social-environmental, God/fate, heath/lifestyle, and biological; the questionnaires about treatments revealed five factors: self-help/stress management, physical treatment/health management, seeking mental health services, religious help, and resting...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162096/carer-involvement-in-compulsory-out-patient-psychiatric-care-in-england
#3
Jorun Rugkåsa, Krysia Canvin
BACKGROUND: There is an expectation in current heath care policy that family carers are involved in service delivery. This is also the case with compulsory outpatient mental health care, Community Treatment Orders (CTOs) that were introduced in England in 2008. No study has systematically investigated family involvement through the CTO process. METHOD: We conducted qualitative interviews with 24 family carers to ascertain their views and experiences of involvement in CTOs...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123345/effect-of-supportive-psychotherapy-on-mental-health-status-and-quality-of-life-of-female-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-for-recurrent-disease
#4
Anindita Mukherjee, Koustav Mazumder, Vikrant Kaushal, Sushmita Ghoshal
Context: Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy for their recurrent disease often report the presence of anxiety and depression. Aims: In the study, we intended to find out the mental health status and overall quality of life (QOL) of such patients and to identify the effect of supportive psychotherapy. Subjects and Methods: Forty cancer patients undergoing second or subsequent line chemotherapy(CCT) were selected for psychotherapy session...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107609/the-utility-of-twins-in-developmental-cognitive-neuroscience-research-how-twins-strengthen-the-abcd-research-design
#5
REVIEW
William G Iacono, Andrew C Heath, John K Hewitt, Michael C Neale, Marie T Banich, Monica M Luciana, Pamela A Madden, Deanna M Barch, James M Bjork
The ABCD twin study will elucidate the genetic and environmental contributions to a wide range of mental and physical health outcomes in children, including substance use, brain and behavioral development, and their interrelationship. Comparisons within and between monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, further powered by multiple assessments, provide information about genetic and environmental contributions to developmental associations, and enable stronger tests of causal hypotheses, than do comparisons involving unrelated children...
September 12, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070427/the-medical-treatment-of-homeless-people
#6
Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Benjamin Bochon, Hendrik van den Bussche, Julia Hansmann-Wiest, Carolin van der Leeden
BACKGROUND: The homeless are often in poor health, and their risk of premature death is three to four times that of the general population. This article is intended to provide an overview of the medical care of the homeless in Germany. METHODS: We selectively reviewed pertinent scientific and non-scientific publications from the years 2000-2017 that were retrieved from PubMed, from the reports of the German Homeless Aid Society (Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Wohnungslosenhilfe), from the websites of homeless aid organizations, and from Google Scholar...
October 6, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942748/nutritional-psychiatry-the-present-state-of-the-evidence
#7
Wolfgang Marx, Genevieve Moseley, Michael Berk, Felice Jacka
Mental illness, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder, accounts for a significant proportion of global disability and poses a substantial social, economic and heath burden. Treatment is presently dominated by pharmacotherapy, such as antidepressants, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy; however, such treatments avert less than half of the disease burden, suggesting that additional strategies are needed to prevent and treat mental disorders. There are now consistent mechanistic, observational and interventional data to suggest diet quality may be a modifiable risk factor for mental illness...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879662/setting-research-priorities-in-tobacco-control-a-stakeholder-engagement-project
#8
REVIEW
Nicola Lindson, Dan Richards-Doran, Laura Heath, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group (TAG) conducts systematic reviews of the evidence for tobacco cessation and prevention interventions. In 2016 TAG conducted a priority-setting, stakeholder engagement project to identify where further research is needed in the areas of tobacco control and smoking cessation. DESIGN: The project comprised two surveys and a workshop. A range of stakeholders participated, including members of the public (smokers and ex-smokers), clinicians, researchers, research funders, health-care commissioners and public health organizations...
September 6, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859654/perceptions-of-mexican-women-regarding-barriers-in-mental-heath-services-in-primary-care
#9
Jorge Galván, Nayelhi Saavedra, Feliciano Bartolo, Shoshana Berenzon
BACKGROUND: The recent mental health care reforms in Mexico call for the regular evaluation of the services provided. This involves analyzing the opinions of those who utilize them on a daily basis, particularly women, since they are the main health service users. This study explores the barriers to mental health care perceived by a group of women attending primary care centers. METHOD: A qualitative methodological approach was chosen. The participants were purposively selected, using the snowball technique...
August 31, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859560/topectomy-versus-leukotomy-j-lawrence-pool-s-contribution-to-psychosurgery
#10
Ryan Holland, David Kopel, Peter W Carmel, Charles J Prestigiacomo
Surgery of the mind has a rather checkered past. Though its history begins with the prehistoric trephination of skulls to allow "evil spirits" to escape, the early- to mid-20th century saw a surge in the popularity of psychosurgery. The 2 prevailing operations were topectomy and leukotomy for the treatment of certain mental illnesses. Although they were modified and refined by several of their main practitioners, the effectiveness of and the ethics involved with these operations remained controversial. In 1947, Dr...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792564/-a-framework-to-support-action-in-population-mental-health
#11
Pascale Mantoura, Marie-Claude Roberge, Louise Fournier
In Quebec, like elsewhere in the world, we are witnessing a growing concern for the population's mental health and for the importance of concentrating efforts on prevention and promotion. In this context, public health actors are invited to adopt a leadership role in advancing mental health promotion and mental disorder prevention goals, and establish the required partnerships with actors from the health and social services and from other sectors who are indispensable to the population mental health agenda...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719064/the-association-between-dental-general-and-mental-health-status-among-underserved-and-vulnerable-populations-served-at-health-centers-in-the-us
#12
Vy H Nguyen, Sue C Lin, David P Cappelli, Suma Nair
OBJECTIVES: Vulnerable populations in underserved communities are disproportionately at high risk for multiple medical, dental, and behavioral health conditions. This study aims to: a) examine the occurrence of acute dental needs and b) investigate the association of acute dental needs and self-rated general and mental health status among the adult dentate health center population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data on adult patients (n = 5,035) from the 2014 Health Center Patient Survey, a nationally representative survey of health center patients...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699777/caring-for-an-individual-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-qualitative-perspective-of-health-related-quality-of-life-from-caregivers
#13
Noelle E Carlozzi, Carey W Sherman, Kaley Angers, Mitchell P Belanger, Amy M Austin, Kelly A Ryan
OBJECTIVES: Little is known regarding the effect that caring for an individual with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) has on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We sought to identify the most important aspects of HRQOL related to caring for an individual with MCI. METHODS: Six focus groups were conducted with caregivers of individuals with MCI (n = 32). Qualitative frequency analysis was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Findings indicated that caregivers most frequently discussed social health, including changes in social roles and an increased need for social support (51...
July 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664227/within-family-effects-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-on-adhd-the-importance-of-phenotype
#14
Kristine Marceau, L Cinnamon Bidwell, Hollis C Karoly, Allison Schettini Evans, Alexandre A Todorov, Rohan H Palmer, Andrew C Heath, Valerie S Knopik
We sought to test within- and between- family associations of smoking during pregnancy (SDP) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using a structured interview based on the conventional Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) symptoms and the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-Symptoms and Normal-Behavior (SWAN) scale, which is a population based measure that grew out of the notion that an ADHD diagnosis exists on the extreme end of a continuum of normative behaviors and includes both above- and below- average performance on attention and activity...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630877/male-partnered-sexual-minority-women-sexual-identity-disclosure-to-health-care-providers-during-the-perinatal-period
#15
Abbie E Goldberg, Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Jonathan J Mohr
Male-partnered sexual minority women (SMW) have received little research attention, despite the fact that they represent a large proportion of SMW - particularly child-bearing SMW. Male-partnered SMW are less "out" than female-partnered SMW and will likely be "read" as heterosexual by perinatal providers. Given this, and evidence that pregnant women have unique mental health care needs, the current study focuses on male-partnered SMW (n = 28) during the perinatal period, recruited from Toronto, Canada and Massachusetts, USA, in an effort to understand disclosure and concealment processes in general and to perinatal heath care providers specifically...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618891/musculoskeletal-manifestations-as-determinants-of-quality-of-life-impairment-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#16
M Piga, M Congia, A Gabba, F Figus, A Floris, A Mathieu, A Cauli
Objective The objective of this study was to identify determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impairment in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Overall, 101 SLE patients were recruited; 37 healthy subjects and 35 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients served as controls. HRQoL was evaluated using three patient reported outcomes (PROs): the Short Form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2) health survey, the fatigue scale version 4 (FACITv4) and the Heath Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). A large set of demographic and clinical variables, including SLE arthritis subtypes, was evaluated searching for factors independently associated with worse QoL...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531176/stigma-of-addiction-and-mental-illness-in-healthcare-the-case-of-patients-experiences-in-dental-settings
#17
Mario A Brondani, Rana Alan, Leeann Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways in which stigma is experienced in healthcare and dental settings by patients with a history of addiction and mental illness. METHODS: Audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews with a purposefully selected convenience sample of residents from two community treatment centres in Vancouver, Canada were conducted. The interview guide contained questions about experiences while seeking health and dental care and was based on an existing framework of labeling, stereotyping, exclusion, discrimination, and power imbalance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452670/a-peer-mentorship-program-for-mental-health-professionals-in-veterans-health-administration-home-based-primary-care
#18
Danielle L Terry, B Heath Gordon, Pamela Steadman-Wood, Michele J Karel
OBJECTIVES: Mental health professionals working in integrated, interdisciplinary primary or geriatric care settings may have limited training for this growing model of care. Peer mentorship is one avenue of professional development support. We describe the development and evaluation of a peer mentorship program for mental health professionals working within Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Home Based Primary Care (HBPC) programs. METHODS: Electronic surveys were administered to 57 peer mentorship pairs matched for program participation...
March 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436706/tobacco-use-and-attachment-style-in-appalachia
#19
Mary Heath Wise, Florence Weierbach, Yan Cao, Ken Phillips
Tobacco has been recognized as the number one cause of preventable death in America and results in almost 5.2 million years of potential life lost each year. The use of tobacco products is highly correlated with pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and other forms of chronic illness in America. New tobacco products are trending in the tobacco market such as the water pipe/hookah and e-cigarettes. With e-cigarettes and other newer forms of tobacco on the rise, it is important to look at the underlying factors for using all kinds of tobacco products as a means of prevention...
April 24, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394249/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-versus-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depression-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective psychological treatments for unipolar major depression in adolescents, whether or not one or more of the available therapies maintain reduced depressive symptoms 1 year after the end of treatment is not known. This is a non-trivial issue because maintaining lowered depressive symptoms below a clinical threshold level reduces the risk for diagnostic relapse into the adult years. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not either of two specialist psychological treatments, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) or short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP), is more effective than a reference brief psychosocial intervention (BPI) in maintaining reduction of depression symptoms in the year after treatment...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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