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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719064/the-association-between-dental-general-and-mental-health-status-among-underserved-and-vulnerable-populations-served-at-health-centers-in-the-us
#1
Vy H Nguyen, Sue C Lin, David P Cappelli, Suma Nair
OBJECTIVES: Vulnerable populations in underserved communities are disproportionately at high risk for multiple medical, dental, and behavioral health conditions. This study aims to: a) examine the occurrence of acute dental needs and b) investigate the association of acute dental needs and self-rated general and mental health status among the adult dentate health center population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data on adult patients (n = 5,035) from the 2014 Health Center Patient Survey, a nationally representative survey of health center patients...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699777/caring-for-an-individual-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-qualitative-perspective-of-health-related-quality-of-life-from-caregivers
#2
Noelle E Carlozzi, Carey W Sherman, Kaley Angers, Mitchell P Belanger, Amy M Austin, Kelly A Ryan
OBJECTIVES: Little is known regarding the effect that caring for an individual with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) has on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We sought to identify the most important aspects of HRQOL related to caring for an individual with MCI. METHODS: Six focus groups were conducted with caregivers of individuals with MCI (n = 32). Qualitative frequency analysis was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Findings indicated that caregivers most frequently discussed social health, including changes in social roles and an increased need for social support (51...
July 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664227/within-family-effects-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-on-adhd-the-importance-of-phenotype
#3
Kristine Marceau, L Cinnamon Bidwell, Hollis C Karoly, Allison Schettini Evans, Alexandre A Todorov, Rohan H Palmer, Andrew C Heath, Valerie S Knopik
We sought to test within- and between- family associations of smoking during pregnancy (SDP) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using a structured interview based on the conventional Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) symptoms and the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-Symptoms and Normal-Behavior (SWAN) scale, which is a population based measure that grew out of the notion that an ADHD diagnosis exists on the extreme end of a continuum of normative behaviors and includes both above- and below- average performance on attention and activity...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630877/male-partnered-sexual-minority-women-sexual-identity-disclosure-to-health-care-providers-during-the-perinatal-period
#4
Abbie E Goldberg, Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Jonathan J Mohr
Male-partnered sexual minority women (SMW) have received little research attention, despite the fact that they represent a large proportion of SMW - particularly child-bearing SMW. Male-partnered SMW are less "out" than female-partnered SMW and will likely be "read" as heterosexual by perinatal providers. Given this, and evidence that pregnant women have unique mental health care needs, the current study focuses on male-partnered SMW (n = 28) during the perinatal period, recruited from Toronto, Canada and Massachusetts, USA, in an effort to understand disclosure and concealment processes in general and to perinatal heath care providers specifically...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618891/musculoskeletal-manifestations-as-determinants-of-quality-of-life-impairment-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#5
M Piga, M Congia, A Gabba, F Figus, A Floris, A Mathieu, A Cauli
Objective The objective of this study was to identify determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impairment in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Overall, 101 SLE patients were recruited; 37 healthy subjects and 35 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients served as controls. HRQoL was evaluated using three patient reported outcomes (PROs): the Short Form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2) health survey, the fatigue scale version 4 (FACITv4) and the Heath Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). A large set of demographic and clinical variables, including SLE arthritis subtypes, was evaluated searching for factors independently associated with worse QoL...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531176/stigma-of-addiction-and-mental-illness-in-healthcare-the-case-of-patients-experiences-in-dental-settings
#6
Mario A Brondani, Rana Alan, Leeann Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways in which stigma is experienced in healthcare and dental settings by patients with a history of addiction and mental illness. METHODS: Audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews with a purposefully selected convenience sample of residents from two community treatment centres in Vancouver, Canada were conducted. The interview guide contained questions about experiences while seeking health and dental care and was based on an existing framework of labeling, stereotyping, exclusion, discrimination, and power imbalance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452670/a-peer-mentorship-program-for-mental-health-professionals-in-veterans-health-administration-home-based-primary-care
#7
Danielle L Terry, B Heath Gordon, Pamela Steadman-Wood, Michele J Karel
OBJECTIVES: Mental health professionals working in integrated, interdisciplinary primary or geriatric care settings may have limited training for this growing model of care. Peer mentorship is one avenue of professional development support. We describe the development and evaluation of a peer mentorship program for mental health professionals working within Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Home Based Primary Care (HBPC) programs. METHODS: Electronic surveys were administered to 57 peer mentorship pairs matched for program participation...
March 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436706/tobacco-use-and-attachment-style-in-appalachia
#8
Mary Heath Wise, Florence Weierbach, Yan Cao, Ken Phillips
Tobacco has been recognized as the number one cause of preventable death in America and results in almost 5.2 million years of potential life lost each year. The use of tobacco products is highly correlated with pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and other forms of chronic illness in America. New tobacco products are trending in the tobacco market such as the water pipe/hookah and e-cigarettes. With e-cigarettes and other newer forms of tobacco on the rise, it is important to look at the underlying factors for using all kinds of tobacco products as a means of prevention...
April 24, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394249/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-versus-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depression-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective psychological treatments for unipolar major depression in adolescents, whether or not one or more of the available therapies maintain reduced depressive symptoms 1 year after the end of treatment is not known. This is a non-trivial issue because maintaining lowered depressive symptoms below a clinical threshold level reduces the risk for diagnostic relapse into the adult years. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not either of two specialist psychological treatments, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) or short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP), is more effective than a reference brief psychosocial intervention (BPI) in maintaining reduction of depression symptoms in the year after treatment...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378109/prevalence-of-cognitive-impairment-in-older-women-with-pelvic-floor-disorders
#10
Cynelle Murray Kunkle, Melinda G Abernethy, Lily R Van Tongeren, Tola B Fashokun, Edward J Wright, Chi Chiung Grace Chen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia among women >55 years seeking care for pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) and to describe the impact of cognitive impairment on condition-specific quality of life (QoL). We hypothesized that the prevalence of MCI would be at least 15% among this population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of English-speaking women >55 years presenting for evaluation of PFDs...
April 4, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285556/comparing-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship-with-traditional-hospital-based-rotations-in-a-rural-setting
#11
Rebecca Caygill, Mia Peardon, Catherine Waite, Julian Wright
CONTEXT: Longitudinal integrated clerkships (LIC) are widely used as an educational method, particularly in rural areas. They are good for facilitating hands-on learning and deep relationships between student, patients, and supervisors. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine and compare learning experience of third-year rural medical students studying specialties (women's health, aged care, child and adolescent heath, mental health, general practice) by either a traditional hospital-based rotation or a LIC in a rural general practice setting...
March 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275316/cohort-description-the-danish-study-of-functional-disorders
#12
Thomas Meinertz Dantoft, Jeanette Frost Ebstrup, Allan Linneberg, Sine Skovbjerg, Anja Lykke Madsen, Jesper Mehlsen, Louise Brinth, Lene Falgaard Eplov, Tina Wisbech Carstensen, Andreas Schroder, Per Klausen Fink, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Jørgensen
The Danish study of Functional Disorders (DanFunD) cohort was initiated to outline the epidemiology of functional somatic syndromes (FSS) and is the first larger coordinated epidemiological study focusing exclusively on FSS. FSS are prevalent in all medical settings and can be defined as syndromes that, after appropriate medical assessment, cannot be explained in terms of a conventional medical or surgical disease. FSS are frequent and the clinical importance varies from vague symptoms to extreme disability...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198763/impact-of-role-stressors-on-the-health-of-nurse-managers-a-western-canadian-context
#13
Sonia A Udod, Greta Cummings, W Dean Care, Megan Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: A qualitative exploratory inquiry was used to understand nurse managers' (NMs') perceptions of their role stressors, coping strategies, and self-health related outcomes as a result of frequent exposure to stressful situations in their role. BACKGROUND: Strong nursing leadership is required for desirable staff, patient, and organizational outcomes. A stressed NM will negatively influence staff nurse satisfaction and retention, patient outcomes, and organizational performance...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165258/can-reflecting-on-personal-values-online-increase-positive-beliefs-about-counseling
#14
Daniel G Lannin, David L Vogel, Patrick J Heath
This research developed and tested an online values-affirmation exercise to attenuate threat and enhance positive beliefs about counseling among individuals struggling with mental health concerns. There is evidence that reflecting on personal values (values-affirmation) is an effective approach to eliciting self-affirmation-a psychological process that temporarily bolsters self-worth in order to forestall maladaptive, self-protective responses to counseling information. The present study utilized a randomized 2-group between-subjects design to test the effectiveness of a values-affirmation exercise with an online sample (N = 186) of adults who reported struggling with a mental health concern...
April 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068133/masculinity-and-barriers-to-seeking-counseling-the-buffering-role-of-self-compassion
#15
Patrick J Heath, Rachel E Brenner, David L Vogel, Daniel G Lannin, Haley A Strass
Less than 1/3 of college men seek psychological help per year when experiencing mental health concerns. Many believe this is because socialized masculine norms are incongruent with help-seeking decisions. In line with this, adherence to masculine norms, like emotional control and self-reliance, is consistently linked to factors associated with lower use of counseling. Identifying constructs that buffer, or reduce, the relationship between masculine norm adherence and common barriers to seeking help, like help-seeking self-stigma and resistance to self-disclosing, could shed light on mechanisms through which effective interventions could be developed...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024199/physical-and-mental-health-comorbidities-of-epilepsy-population-based-cross-sectional-analysis-of-1-5-million-people-in-scotland
#16
Christopher J Weatherburn, Craig A Heath, Stewart W Mercer, Bruce Guthrie
PURPOSE: To measure the prevalence of physical and mental health comorbidities in people with epilepsy in a large population cohort, and to examine the prevalence of depression accounting for other physical comorbidity. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional descriptive epidemiology analysis of primary care electronic records for 1,510,742 people aged 14+ years, examining the prevalence of 39 comorbidities. RESULTS: 12,720 people with epilepsy were identified (prevalence 8...
February 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940120/integrating-mental-and-physical-health-services-using-a-socio-emotional-trauma-lens
#17
Lauren Dayton, Jen Agosti, Deirdre Bernard-Pearl, Marian Earls, Kate Farinholt, Betsy McAlister Groves, Mark Rains, Barry Sarvet, Holly C Wilcox, Lawrence S Wissow
This article provides a synthesis of the lessons learned from the Pediatric Integrated Care Collaborative (PICC), a SAMHSA-funded project that is part of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. The high prevalence of trauma exposure in childhood and shortage of mental health services has informed efforts to integrate mental and behavioral health services in pediatric primary care. This article outlines strategies to integrate care following the six goals of the PICC change framework: create a trauma/mental health informed office; involve families in program development; collaborate and coordinate with mental health services; promote resilience and prevent mental health problems through a particular focus on trauma-related risks; assess trauma-related somatic and mental health issues; and address trauma-related somatic and mental heath issues...
December 2016: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696939/are-dietary-patterns-associated-with-depression-in-u-s-adults
#18
Woo Kyoung Kim, Dayeon Shin, Won O Song
Nutrition is one of the most important modifiable determinants for and consequences of both mental and physical heath. Depression has become an increasingly important public health issue. We tested whether dietary patterns derived from food group intake are associated with depression in U.S. adults in a cross-sectional study with national population. This study included 4180 men and 4196 women aged 20-79 years in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), with complete data of one 24-h dietary recall, sociodemographics, lifestyles, and Patient Health Questionnaires (PHQ-9) for screening depression...
November 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536081/effects-of-an-adapted-physical-activity-program-on-psychophysical-health-in-elderly-women
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Marianna Alesi, Antonio Paoli, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown the positive effects of adapted physical activity (APA) on physical and mental health (MH) during the lifetime. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific APA intervention program in the improvement of the health-related quality of life (QOL) and functional condition of spine in elderly women. METHODS: Thirty women were recruited from a senior center and randomly assigned to two groups: control group (CG; age: 69...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508149/the-effects-of-senior-brain-health-exercise-program-on-basic-physical-fitness-cognitive-function-and-bdnf-of-elderly-women-a-feasibility-study
#20
Jung-Eun Byun, Eun-Bum Kang
PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the impacts of senior brain heath exercise (SBHE) program for 12 weeks to basic active physical fitness, cognitive function and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in elderly women. METHODS: Subject of this study is total of 24 women in the age of 65-79 who can conduct normal daily activity and communication but have not participated in regular exercise in recent 6 months. The study groups were divided into an exercise group (EG, n=13) and a control group (CG, n=11)...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
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