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Mental heath

Woo Kyoung Kim, Dayeon Shin, Won O Song
Nutrition is one of the most important modifiable determinants for and consequences of both mental and physical heath. Depression has become an increasingly important public health issue. We tested whether dietary patterns derived from food group intake are associated with depression in U.S. adults in a cross-sectional study with national population. This study included 4180 men and 4196 women aged 20-79 years in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), with complete data of one 24-h dietary recall, sociodemographics, lifestyles, and Patient Health Questionnaires (PHQ-9) for screening depression...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Marianna Alesi, Antonio Paoli, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown the positive effects of adapted physical activity (APA) on physical and mental health (MH) during the lifetime. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific APA intervention program in the improvement of the health-related quality of life (QOL) and functional condition of spine in elderly women. METHODS: Thirty women were recruited from a senior center and randomly assigned to two groups: control group (CG; age: 69...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Jung-Eun Byun, Eun-Bum Kang
PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the impacts of senior brain heath exercise (SBHE) program for 12 weeks to basic active physical fitness, cognitive function and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in elderly women. METHODS: Subject of this study is total of 24 women in the age of 65-79 who can conduct normal daily activity and communication but have not participated in regular exercise in recent 6 months. The study groups were divided into an exercise group (EG, n=13) and a control group (CG, n=11)...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Matthew M Clark, Sarah M Jenkins, Philip T Hagen, Beth A Riley, Caleigh A Eriksen, Amy L Heath, Kristin S Vickers Douglas, Brooke L Werneburg, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Amit Sood, Roberto P Benzo, Kerry D Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between having a high stress level and health behaviors in employees of an academic medical center. METHODS: Beginning January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013, an annual survey was completed by 676 worksite wellness members. RESULTS: Each year, about one-sixth of members had a high stress level, high stress individuals visited the wellness center less often, and most years there was a significant relationship (P < 0...
September 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Celestino Pio Lombardi, Raffaella Bocale, Angelina Barini, Antonella Barini, Annamaria D'Amore, Mauro Boscherini, Rocco Bellantone
Following thyroid surgery, levothyroxine therapy is used to replace deficient thyroid hormones and prevent postoperative thyroid hypofunction. We compared the effects of replacement therapy with either liquid or tablet formulation of levothyroxine on mood states, self-perceived mental well-being and thyroid hormone profile in recently thyroidectomized patients. Profile of mood states, General Heath Questionnaire 12-items and thyroid hormone profile were assessed in recently (5-7 days) thyroidectomized patients at baseline and 2 months after randomization to replacement therapy with either liquid (n = 77) or tablet (n = 78) formulation of levothyroxine...
July 7, 2016: Endocrine
Yaser M K Baghdadi, Charbel D Moussallem, Mohammed A Shuaib, Michelle J Clarke, Mark B Dekutoski, Ahmad N Nassr
Minimally invasive posterior spinous process-splitting laminoplasty preserving the paraspinal musculature has been introduced to treat patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Despite its theoretical advantage of limiting muscular trauma, additional efforts are required to evaluate patients' clinical and functional results following this procedure. Between 2010 and 2012, 37 patients underwent spinous process-splitting laminoplasty for lumbar stenosis at a mean age of 68 years (range, 36-87 years) and were followed for minimum of 1 year (mean, 1...
September 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Yuanhao Yang, Huiying Zhao, Andrew C Heath, Pamela A F Madden, Nicholas G Martin, Dale R Nyholt
Migraine frequently co-occurs with depression. Using a large sample of Australian twin pairs, we aimed to characterize the extent to which shared genetic factors underlie these two disorders. Migraine was classified using three diagnostic measures, including self-reported migraine, the ID migraine™ screening tool, or migraine without aura (MO) and migraine with aura (MA) based on International Headache Society (IHS) diagnostic criteria. Major depressive disorder (MDD) and minor depressive disorder (MiDD) were classified using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria...
August 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Yuanhao Yang, Huiying Zhao, Andrew C Heath, Pamela A F Madden, Nicholas G Martin, Dale R Nyholt
OBJECTIVES: This research examined the familial aggregation of migraine, depression, and their co-occurrence. METHODS: Diagnoses of migraine and depression were determined in a sample of 5,319 Australian twins. Migraine was diagnosed by either self-report, the ID migraine™ Screener, or International Headache Society (IHS) criteria. Depression was defined by fulfilling either major depressive disorder (MDD) or minor depressive disorder (MiDD) based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria...
August 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Stephanie L Mayne, Michelle E Ross, Lihai Song, Banita McCarn, Jennifer Steffes, Weiwei Liu, Benyamin Margolis, Romuladus Azuine, Edward Gotlieb, Robert W Grundmeier, Laurel K Leslie, Russell Localio, Richard Wasserman, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: Primary care pediatricians increasingly care for children's mental health problems, but little is known about practice-level variation in diagnosis and psychotropic medication prescribing practices. METHODS: This retrospective review of electronic heath records from 43 US primary care practices included children aged 4 to 18 years with ≥1 office visit from January 1, 2009, to June 30, 2014. We examined variability in diagnosis and psychotropic prescribing across practices using logistic regression with practice fixed effects and evaluated associations of the availability of colocated or community-based mental health providers or the proportion of children in foster care with diagnosis and prescribing using generalized linear mixed models...
May 2016: Pediatrics
Mark A Navarro, Kensey L Gosch, John A Spertus, John S Rumsfeld, P Michael Ho
BACKGROUND: The association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and health status outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients were enrolled between 2005 and 2008 in the Translational Research Investigating Underlying Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients' Health Status (TRIUMPH) registry, a prospective multicenter observational study of AMI outcomes. The Seattle Angina Questionnaire and Short Form-12 were collected at baseline and at 1, 6, and 12 months following AMI...
May 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Anthony P Khawaja, Michelle P Y Chan, Jennifer L Y Yip, David C Broadway, David F Garway-Heath, Robert Luben, Shabina Hayat, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne, Kay-Tee Khaw, Paul J Foster
PURPOSE: We examined the relationship between retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and cognitive function in a population of older British adults. METHODS: Participants of the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC) Norfolk cohort study underwent ophthalmic and cognitive assessment. Measurements of RNFL thickness were made using the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT). Cognitive testing included a short form of the Mini-Mental State Examination (SF-MMSE), an animal naming task, a letter cancellation task, the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT), the National Adult Reading Test (NART), and the Paired Associates Learning Test...
April 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Niloofar Dehghan, Michael D McKee, Richard J Jenkinson, Emil H Schemitsch, Venessa Stas, Aaron Nauth, Jeremy A Hall, David J Stephen, Hans J Kreder
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare early weightbearing and range of motion (ROM) to nonweightbearing and immobilization in a cast after surgical fixation of unstable ankle fractures. DESIGN: Multicentre randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Two-level one trauma centers. PATIENTS: One hundred ten patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of an unstable ankle fracture were recruited and randomized...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Nigel Field, Philip Prah, Catherine H Mercer, Greta Rait, Michael King, Jackie A Cassell, Clare Tanton, Laura Heath, Kirstin R Mitchell, Soazig Clifton, Jessica Datta, Kaye Wellings, Anne M Johnson, Pam Sonnenberg
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between sexual behaviour, sexual function and sexual health service use of individuals with depression in the British general population, to inform primary care and specialist services. SETTING: British general population. PARTICIPANTS: 15,162 men and women aged 16-74 years were interviewed for the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), undertaken in 2010-2012. Using age-adjusted ORs (aAOR), relative to a comparator group reporting no treatment or symptoms, we compared the sexual health of those reporting treatment for depression in the past year...
2016: BMJ Open
Erin K Dursa, Shannon K Barth, Aaron I Schneiderman, Robert M Bossarte
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report the mental and physical health of a population-based cohort of Gulf War and Gulf Era veterans 20 years after the war. METHODS: A multimode (mail, Web, or computer-assisted telephone interviewing) heath survey of 14,252 Gulf War and Gulf Era veterans. The survey consisted of questions about general, physical, mental, reproductive, and functional health. RESULTS: Gulf War veterans report a higher prevalence of almost all queried physical and mental health conditions...
January 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Si-Yu Yang, Chun-Lei Shan, He Qing, Wei Wang, Yi Zhu, Meng-Mei Yin, Sergio Machado, Ti-Fei Yuan, Ting Wu
To evaluate the effect of moderate intensity of aerobic exercise on elderly people with mild Alzheimer's disease, we recruited fifty volunteers aged 50 years to 80 years with cognitive impairment. They were randomized into two groups: aerobic group (n=25) or control group (n=25). The aerobic group was treated with cycling training at 70% of maximal intensity for 40 min/d, 3 d/wk for 3 months. The control group was only treated with heath education. Both groups were received cognitive evaluation, laboratory examination before and after 3 months...
2015: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Ian Colman, Mila Kingsbury, Jitender Sareen, James Bolton, Carl van Walraven
BACKGROUND: Migraine has been associated with mental illness, and may also be associated with increased risk of suicidal behavior. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to examine the association between migraine headache and self-harm and suicide mortality using population-based health administrative data from Ontario, Canada. METHODS: The sample included 101,114 participants in a population-based health survey in the province of Ontario, Canada, who responded to the survey in 2003, 2005, or 2007, and provided health card numbers for linkage to population-based health administrative data...
January 2016: Headache
Hanna Kwon, Hee Cheol Kang, Jun Ho Lee
UNLABELLED: Background Sexually transmissible infections (STIs) in adolescents are an important heath problem. However, the understanding of STIs among adolescents is poor. Rates of and risk factors for ever having a STI and relationships between ever having a STI and mental health in adolescents was investigated. METHODS: Data from the Korea Youth Risk Behaviour Web-based Survey (KYRBS) were used. The KYRBS is an anonymous, self-administered online survey. To achieve a representative sample of Koreans, researchers used a stratification, clustering and multi-stage sampling method...
February 2016: Sexual Health
M Heath, C D Hassall, S MacLean, O E Krigolson
Perceptual judgments about the angular disparity of a character from its standard upright (i.e., mental rotation task) result in a concurrent increase in reaction time (RT) and modulation of the amplitude of the P300 event-related brain potential (ERP). It has therefore been proposed that the P300 represents the neural processes associated with a visual rotation. In turn, the visuomotor mental rotation (VMR) task requires reaching to a location that deviates from a target by a predetermined angle. Although the VMR task exhibits a linear increase in RT with increasing oblique angles of rotation, work has not examined whether the task is supported via a visual rotation analogous to its mental rotation task counterpart...
December 17, 2015: Neuroscience
Edward J Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Mary Acri, Geetha Gopalan, Marina Lalayants, Mary M McKay
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depression, use of mental health services, and correlates of service use among caregivers who are dually involved in the child welfare and child mental health systems. METHODS: This study analyzed baseline data from 129 caregivers who reported child welfare system involvement and were participating in a Multiple Family Group service delivery model to reduce childhood disruptive behavior disorders...
September 1, 2015: Social Work in Mental Health
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