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Patellofemoral pain syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327606/the-effects-of-joint-mobilization-on-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review
#1
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, David A Scalzitti, Geoff Palmer, Alex Immerman, Carol A Courtney
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and synthesize the effects of joint mobilization on individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases (CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus) were used. REVIEW METHODS: Each database was searched from inception to 1 November 2017. Randomized controlled trials investigating a manual therapy intervention, with or without co-interventions, for persons with patellofemoral pain were included...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322318/total-knee-arthroplasty-with-unexplained-pain-new-insights-from-kinematics
#2
Célia Planckaert, Gabriel Larose, Pierre Ranger, Marc Lacelle, Alexandre Fuentes, Nicola Hagemeister
INTRODUCTION: Up to 20% of total knee arthroplasty patients remain unsatisfied post-surgery, and a large proportion of them report anterior knee pain. This study aims to verify whether patients who experience anterior knee pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) will exhibit kinematic characteristics similar to those associated with patellofemoral syndrome, including in the frontal and transverse planes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using four different assessment methods [radiological, patient-reported outcome, musculoskeletal assessment with functional performance testing, and a 3D kinematic assessment during gait], the clinical and 3D knee kinematic profiles of three groups were compared: a painful and an asymptomatic TKA group and a healthy control group...
January 10, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320945/the-influence-of-exercise-dosing-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-knee-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review. Background Therapeutic exercise is commonly used to treat individuals with knee disorders, but dosing parameters for optimal outcomes are unclear. Large variations exist in exercise prescription, and research related to specific dosing variables for knee osteoarthritis, patellar tendinopathy and patellofemoral pain syndrome is sparse. Objectives To identify specific doses of exercise related to improved outcomes of pain and function in individuals with common knee disorders, categorized by effect size...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303366/current-clinical-radiological-and-treatment-perspectives-of-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#4
Aishwarya Gulati, Christopher McElrath, Vibhor Wadhwa, Jay P Shah, Avneesh Chhabra
Anterior knee pain in active young adults is commonly related to patellofemoral (PF) pain syndrome (PFPS), which can be broadly classified into patellar malalignment and patellar maltracking. PFPS can be caused by a host of miserable malalignments, such as excessive femoral antetorsion, tibial varus / external rotation, knee valgus and pes planus. Radiographic, CT and MRI evaluations are commonly obtained to further elucidate the malalignment and maltracking abnormalities and exclude other related differentials, such as lateral meniscus tear, extensor tendon tear, anterior tenosynovial giant cell tumor and plica syndrome...
January 5, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231243/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-for-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Ana Luiza C Martimbianco, Maria Regina Torloni, Brenda Ng Andriolo, Gustavo Jm Porfírio, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome, now generally referred to as patellofemoral pain (PFP), is one of the most common orthopaedic disorders, characterised by pain in the anterior or retropatellar knee region. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been proposed generally as a complementary treatment, associated with other interventions such as exercise, or as a single treatment to increase muscle force, reduce knee pain, and improve function. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for people with patellofemoral pain...
December 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162949/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-treatment-of-muscle-impairment-critical-review-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice
#6
Ethne L Nussbaum, Pamela Houghton, Joseph Anthony, Sandy Rennie, Barbara L Shay, Alison M Hoens
Purpose: In response to requests from physiotherapists for guidance on optimal stimulation of muscle using neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), a review, synthesis, and extraction of key data from the literature was undertaken by six Canadian physical therapy (PT) educators, clinicians, and researchers in the field of electrophysical agents. The objective was to identify commonly treated conditions for which there was a substantial body of literature from which to draw conclusions regarding the effectiveness of NMES...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140144/joint-moment-angle-properties-of-the-hip-extensors-in-subjects-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#7
Curtis Kindel, John Challis
Strength deficits of hip extension in individuals with patellofemoral syndrome are commonly reported in the literature. No literature to date has examined these deficits with variable positions of the knee and hip; altering knee angle alters the length and therefore potentially the force produced by the biarticular muscles. Beyond strength, neuromuscular control can also be assessed through the analysis of isometric joint moment steadiness. Subjects consisted of a group of individuals with patellofemoral syndrome (n=9), and a group of age and size matched controls with no symptoms (n=9)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133185/squatting-re-education-with-lumbo-pelvic-thigh-muscles-cocontraction-improves-functional-performance-in-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Nagarajan Manickaraj
Anterior knee pain with or without joint crepitus during squatting is the common clinical feature in the individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Altered lower extremity alignment and lumbo-pelvic-thigh muscles motor control is often associated with PFPS. Although current interventions recommend individual muscle activation and strength training exercises, the reported benefits of cocontraction based exercises in PFPS is limited. It might be due to the long standing hypothesis that the exercise induced cocontraction of thigh muscles may induce a negative effect by increasing the joint contact forces in individuals with knee osteoarthritis...
November 10, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120261/effects-of-vision-and-cognitive-load-on-static-postural-control-in-subjects-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#9
Afsaneh Zeinalzadeh, Saeed Talebian, Soofia Naghdi, Mahyar Salavati, Salman Nazary-Moghadam, Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of vision and cognitive load on static postural control in subjects with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). METHODS: Twenty-eight PFPS patients and 28 controls participated in the study. Postural control was assessed in isolation as well as with visual manipulation and cognitive loading on symptomatic limb. The outcome measures of postural control were quantified in terms of area, anterior-posterior (AP), medial-lateral (ML), and mean velocity (MV) of the displacements of center of pressure (COP)...
November 9, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099880/comparison-of-lateral-retinaculum-release-and-lengthening-in-the-treatment-of-patellofemoral-disorders
#10
Berkay Unal, Betina B Hinckel, Seth L Sherman, Christian Lattermann
For lateral retinaculum (LR) tightness, release or lengthening is the indicated surgical correction. LR release (LRR) or lengthening (LRL) may be a primary treatment for painful lateral compression syndrome or as an adjunct treatment in the setting of patellofemoral instability. Although it is challenging, assessment of the soft-tissue balance between the medial restraint (the medial patellofemoral ligament) and the lateral restraint (the lateral retinaculum) is fundamental to a good outcome. LRR and LRL are effective in the treatment of patellofemoral disorders in which lateral tightness is part of the pathology...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056595/effectiveness-of-foot-orthoses-for-the-prevention-of-lower-limb-overuse-injuries-in-naval-recruits-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Daniel R Bonanno, George S Murley, Shannon E Munteanu, Karl B Landorf, Hylton B Menz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of prefabricated foot orthoses for the prevention of lower limb overuse injuries in naval recruits. METHODS: This study was a participant-blinded and assessor-blinded, parallel-group randomised controlled trial. Three-hundred and six participants aged 17-50 years who undertook 11 weeks of initial defence training at the Royal Australian Navy Recruit School (Cerberus, Australia) were randomised to a control group (flat insoles, n=153) or an intervention group (contoured, prefabricated foot orthoses, n=153)...
October 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037636/effects-of-kinesio-taping%C3%A2-on-knee-function-and-pain-in-athletes-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#12
Elaheh Aghapour, Fahimeh Kamali, Ehsan Sinaei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the knee performance and pain in athletes with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) before and after applying Kinesio Tape® (KT) on vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) muscle. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen participants (10 females, five males) with unilateral PFPS were examined and compared under taped and untaped conditions. INTERVENTION: VMO of the involved leg was taped from origin to insertion, with 75% of KT's maximal length tension...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037624/does-leg-predomination-affect-measuring-vasti-muscle-onsets-during-single-leg-squatting-a-reliability-study
#13
Javid Mostamand, Dan L Bader, Zoë Hudson
INTRODUCTION: Although measuring vasti muscle onset may reveal whether pain relief is associated with altering this parameter during activities in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), it may be necessary to determine whether the inherent properties of the dominant leg influences the reliability of measuring VMO-VL muscle onset. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of leg predomination on reliability testing of the VMO-VL muscle onset measurement during single leg squatting in healthy subjects...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035979/effect-of-a-commercially-available-footwear-insole-on-biomechanical-variables-associated-with-common-running-injuries
#14
Ryan T Lewinson, Darren J Stefanyshyn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Dr. Scholl's Active Series (DSAS) footwear insoles alter biomechanical variables associated with running injuries. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled experiment. SETTING: Sport medicine and biomechanics gait analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen healthy adults. INTERVENTIONS: The control condition was the participant's own athletic footwear. The experimental condition was the participant's own athletic footwear plus a DSAS insole...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021089/patellofemoral-arthritis-treated-with-resurfacing-implant-clinical-outcome-and-complications-at-a-minimum-two-year-follow-up
#15
Juan Pablo Zicaro, Carlos Yacuzzi, Juan Astoul Bonorino, Lisandro Carbo, Matias Costa-Paz
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the clinical and radiographic outcomes of a series of patients treated with an anatomic inlay resurfacing implant, with a minimum two-year follow-up. METHODS: Fifteen patients underwent patellofemoral-resurfacing procedures using a HemiCAP Wave Patellofemoral Inlay Resurfacing implant from 2010 to 2013. Clinical outcomes included: Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Lysholm score, Knee Society Score (KSS), and evaluation of Kujala, and Hospital for Special Surgery Patellofemoral score (HSS-PF)...
December 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970998/a-modified-osteotomy-for-anteromedialization-of-the-tibial-tubercle
#16
Michael G Saper, Benjamin A Cox, David A Shneider
Tibial tubercle osteotomy is a common treatment option for a number of patellofemoral joint disorders including chondromalacia, "anterior knee pain" syndromes, patellofemoral arthritis, and patellar instability. Tibial tubercle osteotomy can modify tracking and/or patellofemoral contact forces to effect the unloading of chondral defects of the patella or trochlea, correct multiplanar suboptimal alignment, and be used in conjunction with soft-tissue stabilization procedures for instability. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe, in detail, a modified osteotomy for anteromedialization of the tibial tubercle...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952850/sex-specific-relationships-between-hip-strength-and-hip-pelvis-and-trunk-kinematics-in-healthy-runners
#17
James J Hannigan, Louis R Osternig, Li-Shan Chou
Weak hip muscle strength and excessive hip motion during running have been suggested as potential risk factors for developing patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) in females, but not males. There is conflicting evidence on the relationship between hip strength and hip kinematics, which may be partly due to sex differences in the relationship between these parameters. Hip, pelvis, and trunk kinematics were collected while 60 healthy, habitual runners (23 females, 37 males) ran overground, and isometric hip abduction and external rotation strengths were measured bilaterally...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884103/lateral-patellar-retinacular-release-changes-over-the-last-ten-years
#18
REVIEW
Leonardo Pini Rosalem Marciano da Fonseca, Ednei Haruo Kawatake, Alberto de Castro Pochini
Lateral retinacular release is a useful resource in knee surgery that can be used for disorders of the extensor mechanism. For many years, it was indiscriminately used in the treatment of the various patellofemoral joint alterations, with conflicting functional results. This study aimed to analyze the changes that have occurred in the indications and clinical effectiveness of lateral retinacular release by reviewing the relevant literature of the past ten years, comparing it to the classic literature on the subject...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878459/carryover-effect-of-hip-and-knee-exercises-program-on-functional-performance-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#19
Hamada Ahmed Hamada, Amira Hussein Draz, Ghada Mohamed Koura, Ibtissam M Saab
[Purpose] This study was carried out to investigate the carryover effect of hip and knee exercises program on functional performance (single legged hop test as functional performance test and Kujala score for functional activities). [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome were randomly assigned into two equal groups. Group (A) consisted of 15 patients undergoing hip strengthening exercises for four weeks then measuring all variables followed by additional four weeks of knee exercises program then measuring all variables again...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795010/evaluation-and-management-of-knee-pain-in-young-athletes-overuse-injuries-of-the-knee
#20
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ana Villalobos
Recurrent or chronic activity related knee pain is common in young athletes. Numerous intrinsic conditions affecting the knee can cause such pain. In addition, knee pain can be referred pain from low back, hip or pelvic pathology. The most common cause of knee pain in young athletes is patellofemoral pain syndrome, or more appropriately termed idiopathic anterior knee pain. Although, numerous anatomical and biomechanical factors have been postulated to contribute the knee pain in young athletes, the most common underlying reason is overuse injury...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
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