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oral mucositis chemotherapy children

Deise Berger Velten, Eliana Zandonade, Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto
BACKGROUND: Oral complications may be observed during chemotherapy and are important side effects that may directly affect the anticancer treatment, even causing septicaemia in some cases. This research was done in order to evaluate changes in oral lesions during follow-up of children and adolescents in chemotherapy at Hospital Estadual Infantil Nossa Senhora da Glória (HEINSG). METHODS: The study design was longitudinal, 45 patients were evaluated and monitored for 1 month after the initiation of chemotherapy...
October 3, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Ashley E J Rogers, Kristen M Eisenman, Susan A Dolan, Kristin M Belderson, Jocelyn R Zauche, Suhong Tong, Jane Gralla, Joanne M Hilden, Michael Wang, Kelly W Maloney, Samuel R Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs) are a source of high morbidity and mortality in children with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). PROCEDURE: To understand the epidemiology and risk factors associated with the development of CLABSI in children with AML. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients with AML over a 5-year period between 2007 and 2011 at the Children's Hospital Colorado. Cases and controls were classified on the basis of the presence of a CLABSI as defined by the National Healthcare Safety Network...
September 12, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Richard Fabian Schumacher, Carmelita D'Ippolito, Fulvio Porta, Alessandra Majorana
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a solution composed by verbascoside, polyvinylpyrrolidone, and sodium hyaluronate (Mucosyte) in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositi (OM). Patients between 5 and 18 years receiving chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and with OM grade 1 or 2 were randomized in group A (treated with Mucosyte, 3 mouthwashes/d per 8 d) and group B (treated with placebo, ie, an inert water-based solution, 3 mouthwashes/d per 8 d). The OM scoring was performed at day 1 (diagnosis of OM-T0), after 3 days of treatment (T1), and at day 8 (T2)...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Francesca Amadori, Elena Bardellini, Giulio Conti, Nicola Pedrini, Richard Fabian Schumacher, Alessandra Majorana
The aim of this study was to verify if low-level laser therapy could be useful to reduce chemotherapy-related oral mucositis grading and pain in childhood undergoing chemotherapy. A randomized double-blind clinical trial was carried out. Patients from 3 to 18 years of age undergoing cancer therapy and presenting OM grade 2 or more were eligible for this study. Patients were randomly divided in two groups: group A received laser therapy from the day of OM diagnosis and other 3 consecutive days (830 nm wavelength, power 150 mW, spot size 1 cm(2), 30 s per cm(2), energy density 4...
August 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
A Eghbali, B Taherkhanchi, B Bagheri, B Sadeghi Sedeh
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is an adverse effect of chemotherapy. Type of chemotherapy regimen is the most important factor causing mucositis. Oral mucositis is usually associated with transient decrease in saliva production. The goal was to study effects of gum consumption on oral mucositis in children undergoing chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This randomized controlled trial was done in Amir Kabir Hospital, Arak, Iran. 130 children 5 to 15 years of age were studied...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
E Bardellini, F Amadori, A Majorana
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the use of a fluoride toothpaste (Bioxtra(®) , Biopharm, Milan, Italy) with salivary enzymes, essential oils, proteins and colostrum extract versus a fluoride toothpaste without menthol on the oral hygiene grade and on the quality of life (QoL) of children with oral mucositis (OM) grade 1 or 2 receiving chemotherapy for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL). METHODS: Patients between 6 and 14 years with OM were randomly assigned to two groups, group A (Bioxtra(®) toothpaste) and group B (fluoride toothpaste without menthol)...
May 10, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Ewa Krasuska-Sławińska, Agnieszka Brożyna, Bożenna Dembowska-Bagińska, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk
AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine reasons for the increase in caries among children/adolescents treated for neoplasms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Health promoting behaviour, oral hygiene (PLI), gingiva (GI), dentition (DMFt/DMFs), number of teeth with white spot lesions (WSL), and enamel defects (ED) were assessed in three groups of 60 patients each. The three groups were as follows: under chemotherapy (CH), after chemotherapy (PCH), and generally healthy (CG). Medical files supplied information on neoplasm type, chemotherapeutic type and dose, age at treatment start, chemotherapy duration, and complications...
2016: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
A El Bousaadani, L Eljahd, R Abada, S Rouadi, M Roubal, M Mahtar
Oral mucositis is an inflammation of the mucosa of the oral cavity of various etiologies. This is a common and debilitating complication in children treated with chemoradiotherapy for cancer. Its management remains a major concern both for the doctor than the patient. It affects the quality of life of patients and families. It may initiate the functional and vital prognosis because of the judgment of cancer treatment. Several treatment options are available, but there is no clear consensus therapeutic especially for the pediatric population...
May 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Caroline Pixberg, Raphael Koch, Hans Theodor Eich, Ulla Martinsson, Ingrid Kristensen, Christiane Matuschek, Rolf-Dieter Kortmann, Fabian Pohl, Khaled Elsayad, Hans Christiansen, Normann Willich, Jack Lindh, Diana Steinmann
PURPOSE: In the context of oncologic therapy for children, radiation therapy is frequently indicated. This study identified the frequency of and reasons for the development of high-grade acute toxicity and possible sequelae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Irradiated children have been prospectively documented since 2001 in the Registry for the Evaluation of Side Effects After Radiation in Childhood and Adolescence (RiSK) database in Germany and since 2008 in the registry for radiation therapy toxicity (RADTOX) in Sweden...
March 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Marcos Soto, Rajesh V Lalla, Roseane Vasconcelos Gouveia, Victor Gattardello Zecchin, Adriana Seber, Nilza Nelly Fontana Lopes
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND DATA: Studies suggest that intraoral low-level laser therapy (LLLT) can ameliorate oral mucositis in adult patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of a combined protocol of intraoral and extraoral LLLT in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: Twelve children undergoing HSCT were treated four times a week with a combined protocol of intraoral and extraoral LLLT, for a mean duration of 22 days...
November 2015: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
A Hashemi, Z Bahrololoumi, Y Khaksar, N Saffarzadeh, H Neamatzade, E Foroughi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to evaluate studies in basic oral care interventions to update evidence based practice guidelines for preventing oral mucositis (OM) in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. MATERIAL & METHODS: Pub Med database and Google Scholar were searched for all papers published between 2000 and December 2014 in English that were conducted using the search terms including ''mocusitis, chemotherapy, mouth-rinses, oral care, oral care protocol, dental care,dental cleaning, oral decontamination, oral hygiene", and the combined phrases in order to obtain all relevant studies...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Regina Maria Holanda de Mendonça, Marcela de Araújo, Carlos Emilio Levy, Joseane Morari, Rosângela A Silva, José Andres Yunes, Silvia Regina Brandalise
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the associations of oral microbiota, leucocytes count, neutrophil count, platelet counts and hemoglobin level, and the severity of oral mucositis in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) receiving chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 71 prospective patients were included. Analyses of oral microbiota and blood sample were conducted on days 14 (D14) and 56 (D56) of the Brazilian GBTLI-99 treatment protocol. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) identification was performed by PCR followed by DNA sequencing analysis...
2015: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Elham Olad, Iraj Sedighi, Azim Mehrvar, Maryam Tashvighi, Vahid Fallahazad, Amirabbas Hedayatiasl, Hossein Esfahani
OBJECTIVE: Timely detection of serious bacterial infections or prediction of sepsis and death is of paramount importance in neutropenic patients especially in oncology settings. The aim of this study was to determine a rapid and secure predictor of sepsis in severe neutropenic cancer children. METHODS: In addition to blood culture, we have evaluated serum soluble CD14 on this role and measured it in 39 neutropenic episodes in Mahak pediatric oncology center from September 2012 to January 2013...
December 2014: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Peter E L Pontoppidan, René L Shen, Malene S Cilieborg, Pingping Jiang, Hannelouise Kissow, Bodil L Petersen, Thomas Thymann, Carsten Heilmann, Klaus Müller, Per T Sangild
BACKGROUND: Intensive chemotherapy frequently results in gut toxicity, indicated by oral and intestinal mucositis, resulting in poor treatment outcomes and increased mortality. There are no effective preventive strategies against gut toxicity and the role of diet is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the severity of chemotherapy-induced gut toxicity in early life is diet-dependent, and that intake of bovine colostrum (BC) provides better gut protection than an artificial milk replacer (MR)...
July 2015: Journal of Nutrition
Elżbieta Pels
PURPOSE: Subjects undergoing chemotherapy often develop disorders in salivation and changes in salivary composition. Therefore, a tendency to inflammatory states developing within oral mucosa is often observed. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of disturbed immunity on the gum condition in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) during anti-tumour treatment and to compare saliva interleukin-2 (IL-2) concentration in relation to the condition of gums oral mucositis-must be removed in children with ALL...
July 2015: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Lillian Sung, Paula Robinson, Nathaniel Treister, Tina Baggott, Paul Gibson, Wim Tissing, John Wiernikowski, Jennifer Brinklow, L Lee Dupuis
PURPOSE: To develop an evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the prevention of oral mucositis in children (0-18 years) receiving treatment for cancer or undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: The Mucositis Prevention Guideline Development Group was interdisciplinary and included internationally recognised experts in paediatric mucositis. For the evidence review, we included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) conducted in either children or adults evaluating the following interventions selected according to prespecified criteria: cryotherapy, low level light therapy (LLLT) and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF)...
March 27, 2015: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Fernanda de Paula Eduardo, Leticia Mello Bezinelli, Danielle Lima Corrêa de Carvalho, Roberta Marques da Graça Lopes, Juliana Folloni Fernandes, Melina Brumatti, Carolina Sgaroni Camargo Vince, Alessandra Milani Prandini de Azambuja, Cristina Vogel, Nelson Hamerschlak, Luciana Correa
OM is a painful inflammatory condition of the oral mucosa, derived from the toxic effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. High OM severity is frequently present in HSCT pediatric patients, who exhibit multiple painful ulcers that limit their mastication and swallowing, leading to poor nutritional status. Few studies have demonstrated OM clinical outcomes in young patients undergoing HSCT. Feasibility of oral care and LLLT on OM prophylaxis and treatment is also poorly discussed. The aim of this study was to describe a specialized oral care protocol that included LLLT for pediatric patients undergoing transplantation and to demonstrate the clinical outcomes after OM prevention and treatment...
May 2015: Pediatric Transplantation
A Y H Kung, S Zhang, L W Zheng, G H M Wong, C H Chu
AIM: To study the oral health status of Chinese children and adolescents undergoing chemotherapy in Hong Kong. METHOD: All Chinese children and adolescent oncology patients aged 18 or below attending the Children's Centre for Cancer and Blood Disease at a hospital for chemotherapy were invited and parental consent was sought before they were accepted into the study. The study comprised of 1) a parental questionnaire, 2) the collection of medical history and 3) a clinical examination for tooth decay (caries) and mucosal status...
2015: Open Dentistry Journal
Nicoline S S Kuiken, Edmond H H M Rings, Wim J E Tissing
Mucositis is a complex inflammatory reaction of the mucous membranes of the alimentary tract upon chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment in oncology patients. Mucositis can be subdivided in oral and gastrointestinal mucositis (GI mucositis). The damage to the gastrointestinal tract compromises the intestinal function and thereby the nutritional status and the quality of life, and eventually affects survival. The literature on GI mucositis focuses mainly on adults. This review focuses on data available on GI mucositis in pediatric cancer patients...
April 2015: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Ingrid Miron, Stefana Maria Moisa, Laurentiu Lucaci, Catalina Arsenescu-Georgescu, Lucian Miron, Anamaria Ciubara, Marin Burlea
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence and time of occurrence of chemotherapy-related toxic events in 100 children admitted to the Hematology-Oncology Ward of "Sfanta Maria" Children's Emergency Hospital in Iasi, Romania, over a 4-year period. METHODS: An analytical, descriptive and comparative, retrospective and prospective study covering a 4-year period on the incidence of chemotherapy side effects, was performed on 100 children admitted for solid tumors or hematologic malignancies...
October 2014: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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