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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147171/recent-progress-of-bypass-surgery-to-the-dialysis-dependent-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#1
Nobuyoshi Azuma, Shinsuke Kikuchi, Hiroko Okuda, Keisuke Miyake, Atsuhiro Koya
According to expansion of dialysis-dependent population, more than half of patients with critical ischemic limbs are dialysis-dependent in Japan. Although patients with end-staged renal disease are well-known as poor life prognosis, well-managed dialysis patients in Japan can survive much longer compared to dialysis patients in the United States and Europe. Therefore, some dialysis patients can enjoy the long-term benefits of bypass surgery. To decide the indication of bypass surgery, patient's general condition, nutrition status, and vein availability are more important rather than arterial disease anatomy...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138020/moyamoya-syndrome-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-congenital-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1-infection-resulting-in-intracranial-hemorrhage
#2
Junko Yamanaka, Ikuma Nozaki, Mizue Tanaka, Hideko Uryuu, Noriko Sato, Takeji Matsushita, Hiroyuki Shichino
In the era of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in which human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection affected children can expect a better prognosis, the importance of careful follow up of pediatric HIV-1 cases for neurological complications has been growing. We present a case of hemorrhagic Moyamoya syndrome in a child with congenital HIV-1 infection. A 10-year-old girl was referred to our hospital for the treatment of Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia (PCP: Pneumocystis pneumonia). Her HIV-1 control was poor and Moyamoya syndrome was found during the opportunistic infection screening at admission...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134202/a-new-era-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-progress-and-development-of-major-technical-innovations-in-general-surgery-over-the-last-decade
#3
REVIEW
Manjunath Siddaiah-Subramanya, Kor Woi Tiang, Masimba Nyandowe
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) continues to play an important role in general surgery as an alternative to traditional open surgery as well as traditional laparoscopic techniques. Since the 1980s, technological advancement and innovation have seen surgical techniques in MIS rapidly grow as it is viewed as more desirable. MIS, which includes natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), is less invasive and has better cosmetic results. The technological growth and adoption of NOTES and SILS by clinicians in the last decade has however not been uniform...
October 2017: Surg J (N Y)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123661/the-psychology-of-chronic-post-surgical-pain-new-frontiers-in-risk-factor-identification-prevention-and-management
#4
Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad A Azam, Kathryn A Birnie, Lindsay C Burns, Hance Clarke, Joel Katz
In an era of considerable advances in anaesthesiology and pain medicine, chronic pain after major surgery continues to be problematic. This article briefly reviews the known psychological risk and protective factors associated with the development of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). We begin with a definition of CPSP and then explain what we mean by a risk/protective factor. Next, we summarize known psychological risk and protective factors for CPSP. Psychological interventions that target risk factors and may impact postsurgical pain are reviewed, including the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)-based approach to CPSP prevention and management we use in the Transitional Pain Service (TPS) at the Toronto General Hospital...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120568/common-bile-duct-stricture-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-case-report
#5
Ivan Zoričić, Ivo Soldo, Ivan Simović, Marko Sever, Branko Bakula, Martin Grbavac, Marinko Marušić, Anamaria Soldo
Despite progress in laparoscopic surgery and increasing surgical experience, the incidence of bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy fails to fall below 0.3%-0.6% and it is still higher than those recorded in the era of open cholecystectomy. Bile duct injuries belong to the most serious complications of abdominal surgery in general and often end up with liver transplantation as the only hope for cure. We present a case of a 78-year-old jaundiced male patient who sustained common hepatic duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy eight months earlier...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119528/perioperative-factors-predicting-prolonged-postoperative-ileus-after-major-abdominal-surgery
#6
Kotaro Sugawara, Yoshikuni Kawaguchi, Yukihiro Nomura, Yusuke Suka, Keishi Kawasaki, Yukari Uemura, Daisuke Koike, Motoki Nagai, Takatoshi Furuya, Nobutaka Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) is among the common complications adversely affecting postoperative outcomes. Predictors of PPOI after major abdominal surgery remain unclear, although various PPOI predictors have been reported in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. This study aimed to devise a model for stratifying the probability of PPOI in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2013, 841 patients underwent major abdominal surgery after excluding patients who underwent less-invasive abdominal surgery, ileus-associated surgery, and emergency surgery...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099565/implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-program-for-colorectal-surgery-at-a-community-teaching-hospital
#7
Mallory S Bray, Angela L Appel, Kara J Kallies, Andrew J Borgert, Brittany A Zinnel, Stephen B Shapiro
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative programs aimed at decreasing surgical stress to colorectal patients can reduce hospital length of stay and morbidity while improving the patient’s perception of the surgical experience. Our goal was to transform patient care from a perioperative platform based on individual physician and nurse choice to a standardized evidence-based Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol for all patients undergoing elective colorectal resections. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was performed for the first 12 months of ERAS protocol-driven patient care in 2014 and compared to the prior 12 months (2013) of individual choice managed care...
February 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061612/comparison-of-regional-with-general-anaesthesia-on-postoperative-delirium-raga-delirium-in-the-older-patients-undergoing-hip-fracture-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Ting Li, Joyce Yeung, Jun Li, Yan Zhang, Teresa Melody, Ye Gao, Yi Wang, Qianquan Lian, Fang Gao
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common serious postoperative complication especially in older people and is associated with increased mortality, morbidity and healthcare costs. There is no clear consensus which anaesthesia is associated with less incidence of POD for older patients. We aim to assess whether regional anaesthesia results in lower incidence of POD comparing with general anaesthesia (GA) among older patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: RAGA-delirium is a pragmatic, multicentre, prospective, parallel grouped, randomised controlled clinical trial comparing RA or GA for hip fracture surgery...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050095/-revisional-radical-mastoidectomy-surgeries-25-cases-experience
#9
L Li, J Xie, Y Liu, S S Gong
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of failure to dry ear after radical mastoidectomy and discuss key points in revisonal surgery. Methods: Clinical data of 25 patients(32 ears) with revisonal mastoidectomy were analyzed. The preoperative temporal bone CT findings, intra-operative findings, surgical procedures, postoperative operating cavities and aural abilities were recorded and analyzed. Results: All patients received preoperative temporal bone CT followed by revisonal radical mastoidectomy under microscope and general anesthesia...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976380/-interventional-therapy-indications-in-the-elderly-are-they-different
#10
Sema Güneri
The prevalance of cardiovascular disease increases with age and cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in adults >75 years of age. However many trials have excluded older patients. So we don't have randomized trials but only limited subgroup analysis or registries for older patients. In general the indications for intervention and revascularization are not different in elderly patients. But complex co-morbidities, significant physical or cognitive disabilities can change our decision. Complex Coronary anatomy and the complications of the procedure is high in older patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964960/measuring-satisfaction-and-anesthesia-related-outcomes-in-a-surgical-day-care-centre-a-three-year-single-centre-observational-study
#11
A Teunkens, K Vanhaecht, K Vermeulen, S Fieuws, M Van de Velde, S Rex, L Bruyneel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient satisfaction and patient reported anaesthesia related outcome parameters after outpatient surgery. DESIGN: A three-year (2013-2016) observational study. SETTING: A surgical day care centre embedded in a tertiary care, university hospital. PATIENTS: Adult Dutch-speaking patients who underwent surgery under general or regional anaesthesia on an outpatient basis (n=5424). INTERVENTIONS: A questionnaire was developed to evaluate patients' satisfaction with care during their hospitalisation in the surgical day centre, as well as to assess their reports of anaesthesia related outcomes...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936435/impact-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-on-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-routine-hepatectomy-review-of-the-current-evidence
#12
Rahul Damania, Andrei Cocieru
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery protocols are widely used in many areas of general surgery but had a limited penetration in perioperative management of patients undergoing liver resection. Recently, multiple publications described application of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program to hepatectomy patients but their definitive role is not established or accepted by hepatobiliary surgeons. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review of published series in English language medical sources detailing ERAS program application for hepatectomy for the period of 2006-2016 is performed...
September 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877135/want-correct-percentage-of-tbsa-burned-let-a-layman-do-the-assessment
#13
Ilaria Tocco-Tussardi, Benjamin Presman, Fredrik Huss
Accurate determination of burn size significantly impacts both immediate management and long-term outcome. In the era of evidence-based medicine, the variability in TBSA% assessment shown by traditional methods may prove unacceptable and technology-aided systems become the "accepted standard." The objective of this study was to push this scenario to the limit by investigating the accuracy and consistency of TBSA% estimations using a computer-aided tool. Five Laymen (health care-burn management naïve people) were trained on the handling of the technology-aided assessment tool Burn Case 3D and asked to calculate TBSA% for 18 clinical pictures of burns with different patterns and sizes...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837915/a-late-unusual-complication-after-an-open-cholecystectomy-amputation-neuroma-of-the-cbd-causing-obstructive-jaundice
#14
Youssef A Sleiman, Ziad A Hassoun, Haydar A Nasser, Leila Abs, Mustafa Allouch
INTRODUCTION: Cholecystectomy is one of the most frequently done procedures in general surgery. There are few reports of amputation neuromas following this procedure. This presentation describes a case of obstructive jaundice due to amputation neuroma in a patient with a history of cholecystectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report about a 53 y o lady who presented with obstructive jaundice, 8 years following open cholecystectomy. Paraclinical investigations were in favor of cholangicarcinoma, however the final pathology revealed an amputation neuroma of the CBD...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835873/hip-fractures-in-centenarians-has-care-improved-in-the-national-hip-fracture-database-era
#15
Alastair G Dick, Dominic Davenport, Mohit Bansal, Therese S Burch, Max R Edwards
INTRODUCTION: The number of centenarians in the United Kingdom is increasing. An associated increase in the incidence of hip fractures in the extreme elderly population is expected. The National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) initiative was introduced in 2007 aiming to improve hip fracture care. There is a paucity of literature on the outcomes of centenarians with hip fractures since its introduction. The aim of this study is to report our experience of hip fractures in centenarians in the era since the introduction of the NHFD to assess outcomes in terms of mortality, time to surgery, length of stay, and complications...
September 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806822/-multiple-myeloma-current-status-in-diagnostic-testing-and-therapy
#16
Michael Kehrer, Sebastian Koob, Andreas Strauss, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Jan Schmolders
Background Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer of the bone marrow and is classified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a plasma cell neoplasm. In multiple myeloma, normal plasma cells transform into malignant myeloma cells and produce large quantities of an abnormal immunoglobulin called monoclonal protein or M protein. This ultimately causes multiple myeloma symptoms such as bone damage or kidney problems. The annual worldwide incidence of multiple myeloma is estimated to be 6 - 7/100,000 and accounts for 1% of all cancer...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795911/the-development-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-across-surgical-specialties
#17
James C Senturk, Gentian Kristo, Jason Gold, Ronald Bleday, Edward Whang
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) principles have gained traction in variety of surgical disciplines. The promise of a reduced length of stay without compromising patient safety or increasing readmission rates has produced a body of literature examining the implementation of ERAS in the care of general, thoracic, urologic, and gynecologic surgery patients. METHODS: We performed a review of the literature pertaining to studies of ERAS implementation across colorectal surgery, general surgery, thoracic surgery, urology, and gynecology...
September 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746936/defining-standards-in-experimental-microsurgical-training-recommendations-of-the-european-society-for-surgical-research-essr-and-the-international-society-for-experimental-microsurgery-isem
#18
René H Tolba, Zoltán Czigány, Suzanne Osorio Lujan, Mihai Oltean, Michael Axelsson, Yelena Akelina, Antonio Di Cataldo, Iren Miko, Istvan Furka, Uta Dahmen, Eiji Kobayashi, Mihai Ionac, Norbert Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Expectations towards surgeons in modern surgical practice are extremely high with minimal complication rates and maximal patient safety as paramount objectives. Both of these aims are highly dependent on individual technical skills that require sustained, focused, and efficient training outside the clinical environment. At the same time, there is an increasing moral and ethical pressure to reduce the use of animals in research and training, which has fundamentally changed the practice of microsurgical training and research...
July 26, 2017: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746591/the-therapeutic-challenge-of-giant-splenic-artery-aneurysm-a-case-repport
#19
Paulo Kauffman, Antonio Luiz de Vasconcellos Macedo, Roberto Sacilotto, Adriano Tachibana, Sergio Kuzniec, Lucas Lembrança Pinheiro, Nelson Wolosker
Giant splenic artery aneurysm is a rare condition that represents an eminent life threatening for the patient, requiring, therefore, urgent surgical correction. A 61-year-old woman, former smoker, hypertensive, hypercholesterolemic and multipara sought our service because of a large tumor in the mesogastrium, which was an abdominal ultrasound finding. Despite the size of the tumor, the patient was asymptomatic. The angiotomography and the magnetic resonance image of the abdomen were suggestive of giant splenic artery aneurysm with more than 10cm in diameter that was confirmed by an angiography...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735683/pain-management-in-penile-prosthetic-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Lael Reinstatler, Kevin Shee, Martin S Gross
INTRODUCTION: The literature on perioperative pain control and management in inflatable penile prosthesis placement is not firmly established. Because inflatable penile prosthesis placement is an elective procedure, pain can be one of the many issues that influence patient decision making. Pain control also presents a unique challenge to providers in an era of widespread opiate abuse. AIM: To review published data on pain management before, during, and after penile prosthetic surgery...
July 20, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
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