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liver cancer intervention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165684/can-biomarkers-advance-hiv-research-and-care-in-the-art-era
#1
Amy C Justice, Kristine M Erlandson, Paolo G Miotti, Alan Landay, Peter W Hunt, Russell P Tracy
Despite achieving HIV-1 RNA suppression below levels of detection and, for most, improved CD4 counts, those aging with HIV experience excess low-level inflammation, hypercoagulability, and immune dysfunction (chronic inflammation) compared to demographically and behaviorally similar uninfected individuals. A host of biomarkers that are linked to chronic inflammation are also associated with HIV-associated non-AIDS events including cardiovascular disease, many forms of cancer, liver disease, renal disease, neurocognitive decline, and osteoporosis...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165098/effects-of-olive-oil-on-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-6-in-humans-implication-in-obesity-and-frailty
#2
Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Angela Polito, Ilaria Peluso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 are important mediators of chronic low-grade systemic inflammation. The latter plays a central role in several obesity-related pathologies, such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. Besides, these cytokines have been also implicated in geriatric and cancer-induced anorexia, cachexia, sarcopenia and frailty. Potential interventions for both obesity and frailty include dietary advice and nutraceuticals...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155486/toxic-stress-and-child-refugees
#3
John S Murray
The purpose of this article was to describe the phenomenon of toxic stress and its impact on the physical and mental health of child refugees. Almost two decades ago, researchers found that recurring adverse childhood events (ACEs; e.g., physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction such as substance abuse, mental illness, and criminal behavior) were associated with a significant increase in serious illnesses during adulthood. Illnesses include heart, lung, and liver disease, cancer, and bone fractures...
November 20, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151695/efficacy-of-postoperative-adjuvant-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-with-microvascular-invasion
#4
Jia-Zhou Ye, Jun-Ze Chen, Zi-Hui Li, Tao Bai, Jie Chen, Shao-Liang Zhu, Le-Qun Li, Fei-Xiang Wu
AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of postoperative adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (PA-TACE) in preventing tumor recurrence and improving survival in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) early (A) and intermediate (B) stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with microvascular invasion (MVI). METHODS: A total of 519 BCLC A or B HCC patients treated by liver resection alone or followed by PA-TACE between January 2012 and December 2015 were studied retrospectively...
November 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150395/transradial-versus-transfemoral-arterial-access-in-liver-cancer-embolization-randomized-trial-to-assess-patient-satisfaction
#5
Ricardo Yamada, Stephen Bracewell, Beatriz Bassaco, Juan Camacho, M Bret Anderson, Andrew Conrad, Corie Lynn, Paul Burns, Heather Collins, Marcelo Guimaraes
PURPOSE: To determine whether transradial access (TRA) or transfemoral access (TFA) provides better patient satisfaction during intra-arterial therapy (IAT) for liver cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, prospective, intra- and interpatient controlled trial compared TRA vs TFA accesses in patients with primary or metastatic liver cancer undergoing IAT. After having one of each type of access (1 TRA and 1 TFA), all patients selected their preferred access regardless of whether a third intervention was indicated...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141455/methionine-adenosyltransferases-in-cancers-mechanisms-of-dysregulation-and-implications-for-therapy
#6
Lauren Y Maldonado, Diana Arsene, José M Mato, Shelly C Lu
Methionine adenosyltransferase genes encode enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of S-adenosylmethionine, the principal biological methyl donor and precursor of polyamines and glutathione. Mammalian cells express three genes - MAT1A, MAT2A, and MAT2B - with distinct expression and functions. MAT1A is mainly expressed in the liver and maintains the differentiated states of both hepatocytes and bile duct epithelial cells. Conversely, MAT2A and MAT2B are widely distributed in non-parenchymal cells of the liver and extrahepatic tissues...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123005/percutaneous-ablation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Annabel Boyer, Marc-Antoine Jegonday, Antoine Lanot, Maxence Ficheux, Thierry Lobbedez, Clémence Bechade
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of death by cancer worldwide. Resection and liver transplantation are the gold standards, but only a minority of people are eligible. Percutaneous ablation therapies, such as microwave ablation (MWA), have consequently been developed. There is a lack of guidelines regarding the treatment of HCCs in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old patient who was undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) for chronic congestive heart failure and who presented with an HCC while undergoing PD...
November 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116741/high-performance-plga-magnetic-microspheres-prepared-by-rotating-membrane-emulsification-for-transcatheter-arterial-embolization-and-magnetic-ablation-in-vx2-liver-tumors
#8
Yi-Jun Liang, Hui Yu, Guodong Feng, Linlin Zhuang, Wei Xi, Ming Ma, Jun Chen, Ning Gu, Yu Zhang
Interventional embolization is a popular minimally invasive vascular therapeutic technique and has been widely applied for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) therapy. However, harmful effects caused by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radioembolization, such as the toxicity of chemotherapy or excessive radiation damage, are serious disadvantages and significantly reduce the therapeutic efficacy. Here, a synergistic therapeutic strategy combined transcatheter arterial embolization and magnetic ablation (TAEMA) by using PLGA-magnetic microspheres (MMs) has been successfully applied to orthotopic VX2 liver tumors of rabbits...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111982/management-of-immune-mediated-cytopenias-in-the-era-of-cancer-immunotherapy-a-report-of-4-cases
#9
Yamin Sun, Stephen K Lee, Thein H Oo, Cristhiam M Rojas-Hernandez
Recent advancements in immunotherapy have brought promising drugs to fight cancers; a subset of immunotherapy medications are known as checkpoint inhibitors. Their mechanism of action relies on upregulating antitumor response by reversing T-cell suppression; as a consequence the effect can also result in a spectrum of immune related complications. Reported complications to date include: skin, gastrointestinal mucosa, hypophysis, liver, endocrine system, nervous system, kidney, musculoskeletal system and the hematologic system...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109369/effects-of-melatonin-on-glucose-homeostasis-antioxidant-ability-and-adipokine-secretion-in-icr-mice-with-na-stz-induced-hyperglycemia
#10
Chung-Cheng Lo, Shyh-Hsiang Lin, Jung-Su Chang, Yi-Wen Chien
Diabetes is often associated with decreased melatonin level. The aim was to investigate the effects of different dosage of melatonin on glucose hemostasis, antioxidant ability and adipokines secretion in diabetic institute for cancer research (ICR) mice. Forty animals were randomly divided into five groups including control (C), diabetic (D), low-dosage (L), medium-dosage (M), and high-dosage (H) groups. Groups L, M, and H, respectively, received oral melatonin at 10, 20, and 50 mg/kg of BW (body weight) daily after inducing hyperglycemia by nicotinamide (NA)/ streptozotocin (STZ)...
October 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100781/estrogens-and-female-liver-health
#11
Karen L Chen, Zeynep Madak-Erdogan
Due to declining estrogen levels during menopause, NAFLD prevalence is higher in postmenopausal women compared to in premenopausal women or in men. Postmenopausal women are more susceptible to weight gain, fat redistribution and dyslipidemia, all major hallmarks of metabolic syndrome associated with increased NAFLD risk. Gut microbiota plays important roles in development of gastrointestinal tract, metabolism and immunity. Host-microbe interactions allows regulation of a wide range of pathways that affect healthy and diseased physiology...
November 1, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099410/congenital-infantile-fibrosarcoma-in-the-premature-infant
#12
Taryn M Edwards, Melissa S Duran, Tamara M Meeker
BACKGROUND: Congenital infantile fibrosarcoma (CIF) is rare and represents less than 1% of all childhood cancers. It is a tumor that originates in the connective fibrous tissue found at the ends of long bones and then spreads to other surrounding soft tissues. These lesions are typically large, grow rapidly, and can often be mistaken for teratomas. Diagnosis is confirmed by pathology, where cellular proliferation of fibroblasts occurs. Imaging is an important part of the diagnosis, which includes the use of magnetic resonance imaging and/or computed tomography scan...
November 2, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096347/accompanying-role-of-hepato-biliary-pancreas-surgeon-in-urological-surgery
#13
Atsushi Nanashima, Masahide Hiyoshi, Naoya Imamura, Kouichi Yano, Takeomi Hamada, Takashi Wada, Yoshiro Fujii, Fumiaki Kawano, Takuto Ikeda, Shinsuke Takeno, Eisaku Nakamura, Kunihide Nakamura, Shoichiro Mukai, Toshio Kamimura, Toshiyuki Kamoto
INTRODUCTION: The present case reports demonstrated the accompanying surgical support from hepato-biliary-pancreas (HBP) surgeons for urological surgery to secure operative safety because HBP surgeons are well experienced in dissecting techniques for mobilization of the liver or pancreas. We experienced 9 consecutive patients who underwent nephrectomy, adrenectomy or resection of retroperitoneal tumors by urological surgeons. Cardiovascular intervention was also required in cases of long tumor thrombus into the vena cava...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084075/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-early-gastric-cancer-with-concomitant-liver-cirrhosis
#14
Mohamed Barakat, Bhanu Singh, Carolyn Salafia, Saphwat Eskaros
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) allows en bloc resection of lesions with R0 margins; however, it has a higher risk of bleeding and perforation compared with endoscopic mucosal resection. Surgical intervention for early gastric cancer (EGC) has been associated with an increased risk of bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). Our aim was to assess the safety and efficacy of ESD in patients with EGC and concomitant LC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of Medline and Cochrane database followed by a pooled data-analysis...
October 27, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077194/metformin-for-endometrial-hyperplasia
#15
REVIEW
Naomi S Clement, Thomas Rw Oliver, Hunain Shiwani, Juliane Rf Sanner, Caroline A Mulvaney, William Atiomo
BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer is one of the most common gynaecological cancers in the world. Rates of endometrial cancer are rising, in part because of rising obesity rates. Endometrial hyperplasia is a precancerous condition in women that can lead to endometrial cancer if left untreated. Endometrial hyperplasia occurs more commonly than endometrial cancer. Progesterone tablets currently used to treat women with endometrial hyperplasia are associated with adverse effects in up to 84% of women...
October 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076479/-laparoscopic-and-robot-assisted-surgery-for-locally-advanced-and-generalized-stomach-cancer
#16
A F Chernousov, T V Khorobrykh, F P Vetshev, N M Abdulkhakimov, S V Osminin, A V Dulova
AIM: To analyze the first experience of laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgery for locally advanced and generalized stomach cancer at the Burdenko Clinic of Faculty Surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since 2011 27 laparoscopic and 2 robot-assisted operations for locally advanced and generalized stomach cancer have been performed in our hospital. Mean age of patients was 62.1±10 years. There were 19 men and 10 women. RESULTS: There were 11 gastrectomies with abdominal esophageal resection and 18 Billroth I subtotal resections...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073197/etiology-and-mode-of-presentation-of-chronic-liver-diseases-in-india-a-multi-centric-study
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Partha S Mukherjee, Sreenivas Vishnubhatla, Deepak N Amarapurkar, Kausik Das, Ajit Sood, Yogesh K Chawla, Chundamannil E Eapen, Prabhakar Boddu, Varghese Thomas, Subodh Varshney, Diamond Sharma Hidangmayum, Pradip Bhaumik, Bhaskar Thakur, Subrat K Acharya, Abhijit Chowdhury
There is a paucity of health policy relevant data for chronic liver disease from India, impeding formulation of an interventional strategy to address the issue. A prospective, multicentric study to delineate the etiology and clinical profile of chronic liver disease in India is reported here. A centrally coordinated and monitored web-based data repository was developed (Feb, 2010 to Jan, 2013) and analyzed. Eleven hospitals from different parts of India participated. Data were uploaded into a web based proforma and monitored by a single centre according to a standardized protocol...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067165/recent-advances-in-understanding-cholangiocarcinoma
#18
REVIEW
Lindsey Kennedy, Laura Hargrove, Jennifer Demieville, Nicole Francis, Rowan Seils, Sara Villamaria, Heather Francis
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an aggressive malignancy that arises from damaged epithelial cells, cholangiocytes, and possibly de-differentiated hepatocytes. CCA has a poor overall survival rate and limited therapeutic options. Based on this data, it is imperative that new diagnostic and therapeutic interventions be developed. Recent work has attempted to understand the pathological mechanisms driving CCA progression. Specifically, recent publications have delved into the role of cancer stem cells (CSCs), mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and microRNAs (miRNAs) during CCA pathology...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055989/-the-value-of-smi-in-the-evaluation-of-interventional-therapy-of-liver-cancer
#19
S Q Liu, Y B Ma, Z H Han, X Xie, C Y Wang, Y Tao, H Chen, Y P Liu
Objective: To evaluate the value of super microvascular imaging(SMI) for evaluating the effect of interventional therapy of liver cancer. Methods: A total of 30 patients with 40 leisions were enrolled in this study, from the tumor intervention department in the third affiliated hospital of suzhou university.This patients were underwent TACE, after the treatment 1 month, CDFI, SMI, and CT were study respectively. Using the continuity correction McNemar matching chi-square test, with P < 0.05 for the standard , CDFI and SMI shows the difference in monitoring the microvascular imaging in and around the tumors leisions...
July 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055401/how-hepatitis-b-virus-causes-cirrhosis-and-liver-cancer
#20
Yanchao Zhou, Yulin Wan, Zi-Wei Ye, Zhumei He, Qiuyun Liu, Yunfan Shi
Hepatitis B virus is a major pathogen infecting the liver, causing high morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in developing countries. The mechanism underlying progression from infections of Hepatitis B virus to cirrhosis and liver cancer is not fully determined. Here we propose that the HBV X protein traps protons and Cl(-), and induces the expression of collagen in the liver, which forms potent hydrogen bonds with trapped protons. The presence of collagen in the liver marks the progression to fibrosis...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
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