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Burkhard Schafer
The paper explores whether legal and ethical concepts that have been used to protect the natural environment can also be leveraged to protect the 'infosphere', a neologism used by Luciano Floridi to characterize the totality of the informational environment. We focus, in particular, on the interaction between allocation of (intellectual) property rights and 'communication duties', in particular, data breach notification duties.This article is part of the themed issue 'The ethical impact of data science'.
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Yong Bai, Daby Sow, Paul Vespa, Xiao Hu
Continuous high-volume and high-frequency brain signals such as intracranial pressure (ICP) and electroencephalographic (EEG) waveforms are commonly collected by bedside monitors in neurocritical care. While such signals often carry early signs of neurological deterioration, detecting these signs in real time with conventional data processing methods mainly designed for retrospective analysis has been extremely challenging. Such methods are not designed to handle the large volumes of waveform data produced by bedside monitors...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Mariarosaria Taddeo, Luciano Floridi
Online service providers (OSPs)-such as AOL, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and Twitter-significantly shape the informational environment (infosphere) and influence users' experiences and interactions within it. There is a general agreement on the centrality of OSPs in information societies, but little consensus about what principles should shape their moral responsibilities and practices. In this article, we analyse the main contributions to the debate on the moral responsibilities of OSPs. By endorsing the method of the levels of abstract (LoAs), we first analyse the moral responsibilities of OSPs in the web (LoAIN)...
December 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
Myriam Dunn Cavelty
Current approaches to cyber-security are not working. Rather than producing more security, we seem to be facing less and less. The reason for this is a multi-dimensional and multi-faceted security dilemma that extends beyond the state and its interaction with other states. It will be shown how the focus on the state and "its" security crowds out consideration for the security of the individual citizen, with detrimental effects on the security of the whole system. The threat arising from cyberspace to (national) security is presented as possible disruption to a specific way of life, one building on information technologies and critical functions of infrastructures, with relatively little consideration for humans directly...
September 2014: Science and Engineering Ethics
Rishikesan Kamaleswaran, Carolyn McGregor, J Eklund
This paper proposes a methodology for the event stream processing of synchronous (physiological) and asynchronous (clinical) health data streams. The purpose is to illustrate the feasibility of Artemis, our extension of IBM's InfoSphere Streams, to appropriately deliver notifications from an initial clinical hypothesis within the critical care environment. We demonstrate that an positive alert can be delivered that is indicative of an onset of instability in critically ill newborns. Artemis, is also tested for its potential to allow clinicians the ability to interact directly with the rule-based system to prove certain hypothesis...
2010: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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July 14, 1995: Science
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