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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938764/nutrient-composition-and-retention-in-whole-turkeys-with-and-without-added-solution
#1
J R Williams, J M Roseland, Q V Nguyen, J C Howe, K Y Patterson, P R Pehrsson, L D Thompson
Whole turkeys sold in retail outlets are typically processed with added solutions to improve their taste and tenderness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient composition of whole turkeys with and without added solution, and to update the nutrient profile of turkey for the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Eleven pairs of turkeys with added solution were obtained from statistically representative retail outlets using a nationwide sampling plan developed for USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program; 4 pairs of turkeys without added solution were purchased from local food outlets...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938749/the-testicular-transcriptome-associated-with-spermatogonia-differentiation-initiated-by-gonadotrophin-stimulation-in-the-juvenile-rhesus-monkey-macaca-mulatta
#2
Suresh Ramaswamy, William H Walker, Paula Aliberti, Rahil Sethi, Gary R Marshall, Alyxzandria Smith, Seyedmehdi Nourashrafeddin, Alicia Belgorosky, Uma R Chandran, Mark P Hedger, Tony M Plant
STUDY QUESTION: What is the genetic landscape within the testis of the juvenile rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) that underlies the decision of undifferentiated spermatogonia to commit to a pathway of differentiation when puberty is induced prematurely by exogenous LH and FSH stimulation? SUMMARY ANSWER: Forty-eight hours of gonadotrophin stimulation of the juvenile monkey testis resulted in the appearance of differentiating B spermatogonia and the emergence of 1362 up-regulated and 225 down-regulated testicular mRNAs encoding a complex network of proteins ranging from enzymes regulating Leydig cell steroidogenesis to membrane receptors, and from juxtacrine and paracrine factors to transcriptional factors governing spermatogonial stem cell fate...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#3
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936290/evaluation-of-the-orthodontic-treatment-need-in-a-paediatric-sample-from-southern-italy-and-its-importance-among-paediatricians-for-improving-oral-health-in-pediatric-dentistry
#4
Valeria Luzzi, Gaetano Ierardo, Denise Corridore, Gabriele Di Carlo, Gianni Di Giorgio, Emanuele Leonardi, Guglielmo-Giuseppe Campus, Iole Vozza, Antonella Polimeni, Maurizio Bossù
BACKGROUND: Data from epidemiological studies investigating the prevalence and severity of malocclusions in children are of great relevance to public health programs aimed at orthodontic prevention. Previous epidemiological studies focused mainly on the adolescence age group and reported a prevalence of malocclusion with a high variability, going from 32% to 93%. Aim of our study was to assess the need for orthodontic treatment in a paediatric sample from Southern Italy in order to improve awareness among paediatricians about oral health preventive strategies in pediatric dentistry...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935679/professional-medical-interpreters-influence-the-quality-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-care-for-patients-who-speak-languages-other-than-english
#5
Betty M Luan Erfe, Khawja A Siddiqui, Lee H Schwamm, Chris Kirwan, Anabela Nunes, Nicte I Mejia
BACKGROUND: The inability to communicate effectively in a common language can jeopardize clinicians' efforts to provide quality patient care. Professional medical interpreters (PMIs) can help provide linguistically appropriate health care, in particular for the >25 million Americans who identify speaking English less than very well. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between use of PMIs and quality of acute ischemic stroke care received by patients who preferred to have their medical care in languages other than English...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935616/endocrine-disruptors-and-health-effects-in-africa-a-call-for-action
#6
Maria S Bornman, Natalie H Aneck-Hahn, Christiaan de Jager, Gesina M Wagenaar, Hindrik Bouwman, Irene E J Barnhoorn, Sean M Patrick, Laura N Vandenberg, Andreas Kortenkamp, Bruce Blumberg, Sarah Kimmins, Bernard Jegou, Jacques Auger, Joseph DiGangi, Jerrold J Heindel
BACKGROUND: Africa faces a number of unique environmental challenges. Unfortunately, it lacks the infrastructure needed to support the comprehensive environmental studies that could provide the scientific basis to inform environmental policies. There are a number of known sources of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and other hazardous chemicals in Africa. However, a coordinated approach to identify and monitor these contaminants and to develop strategies for public health interventions has not yet been made...
August 22, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933280/prevalence-of-hiv-seropositivity-and-associated-impact-on-mortality-among-injured-patients-from-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Adam R Aluisio, Soham Rege, Barclay T Stewart, John Kinuthia, Adam C Levine, Michael J Mello, Carey Farquhar
BACKGROUND: Although HIV and injury contribute substantially to disease burdens in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC), their intersection is poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review assessed the prevalence and associated mortality impact of HIV-seropositivity among injured patients in LMIC. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Global Health, CINAHL, POPLINE and Cochrane databases through August 2016 was performed...
September 19, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932992/the-impact-of-a-primary-care-education-program-regarding-cancer-survivorship-care-plans-results-from-an-engineering-primary-care-and-oncology-collaborative-for-survivorship-health
#8
SarahMaria Donohue, James E Haine, Zhanhai Li, Elizabeth R Trowbridge, Sandra A Kamnetz, David A Feldstein, James M Sosman, Lee G Wilke, Mary E Sesto, Amye J Tevaarwerk
Survivorship care plans (SCPs) have been recommended as tools to improve care coordination and outcomes for cancer survivors. SCPs are increasingly being provided to survivors and their primary care providers. However, most primary care providers remain unaware of SCPs, limiting their potential benefit. Best practices for educating primary care providers regarding SCP existence and content are needed. We developed an education program to inform primary care providers of the existence, content, and potential uses for SCPs...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932135/effectiveness-of-two-interactive-educational-methods-to-teach-tobacco-cessation-counseling-for-senior-dental-students
#9
Mina Ahmadian, Mohammad Reza Khami, Arezoo Ebn Ahamdi, Samaneh Razeghi, Reza Yazdani
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, one of the major health problems in many countries is tobacco use. Dental professionals are in a unique position to promote smoking cessation since they have the opportunity for regular interaction with their patients. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of two educational methods to teach tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) in dental practice for senior dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional study, 93 eligible senior dental students from two dental schools in Tehran, Iran were randomly divided into two groups...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931623/small-molecule-screens-a-gateway-to-cancer-therapeutic-agents-with-case-studies-of-food-and-drug-administration-approved-drugs
#10
REVIEW
Nathan P Coussens, John C Braisted, Tyler Peryea, G Sitta Sittampalam, Anton Simeonov, Matthew D Hall
High-throughput screening (HTS) of small-molecule libraries accelerates the discovery of chemical leads to serve as starting points for probe or therapeutic development. With this approach, thousands of unique small molecules, representing a diverse chemical space, can be rapidly evaluated by biologically and physiologically relevant assays. The origins of numerous United States Food and Drug Administration-approved cancer drugs are linked to HTS, which emphasizes the value in this methodology. The National Institutes of Health Molecular Libraries Program made HTS accessible to the public sector, enabling the development of chemical probes and drug-repurposing initiatives...
October 2017: Pharmacological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931620/effects-of-physical-activity-on-poststroke-cognitive-function-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Lauren E Oberlin, Aashna M Waiwood, Toby B Cumming, Anna L Marsland, Julie Bernhardt, Kirk I Erickson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite the social, health, and economic burdens associated with cognitive impairment poststroke, there is considerable uncertainty about the types of interventions that might preserve or restore cognitive abilities. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of physical activity (PA) training on cognitive function poststroke and identify intervention and sample characteristics that may moderate treatment effects. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials examining the association between structured PA training and cognitive performance poststroke were identified using electronic databases EMBASE and MEDLINE...
September 20, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931576/partnerships-for-global-child-health
#12
REVIEW
Andrew P Steenhoff, Heather L Crouse, Heather Lukolyo, Charles P Larson, Cynthia Howard, Loeto Mazhani, Suzinne Pak-Gorstein, Michelle L Niescierenko, Philippa Musoke, Roseda Marshall, Miguel A Soto, Sabrina M Butteris, Maneesh Batra
Child mortality remains a global health challenge and has resulted in demand for expanding the global child health (GCH) workforce over the last 3 decades. Institutional partnerships are the cornerstone of sustainable education, research, clinical service, and advocacy for GCH. When successful, partnerships can become self-sustaining and support development of much-needed training programs in resource-constrained settings. Conversely, poorly conceptualized, constructed, or maintained partnerships may inadvertently contribute to the deterioration of health systems...
September 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931377/the-rehabilitation-enhancing-aging-through-connected-health-reach-study-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-clinical-trial
#13
Meng Ni, Lorna G Brown, Danielle Lawler, Terry D Ellis, Tamara Deangelis, Nancy K Latham, Jennifer Perloff, Steve J Atlas, Sanja Percac-Lima, Jonathan F Bean
BACKGROUND: Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. However, there is insufficient evidence identifying a healthcare model that targets prevention of mobility decline among older adults. The objective of this study is to evaluate the preliminary effectiveness of a physical therapy program, augmented with mobile tele-health technology, on mobility function and healthcare utilization among older adults...
September 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931088/an-integrated-nutrition-and-health-program-package-on-iycn-improves-breastfeeding-but-not-complementary-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-rural-northern-india-a-quasi-experimental-randomized-longitudinal-study
#14
Veena Singh, Saifuddin Ahmed, Michele L Dreyfuss, Usha Kiran, Deepika N Chaudhery, Vinod K Srivastava, Ramesh C Ahuja, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Mathuram Santosham, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition below two years of age remains a major public health problem in India. We conducted an evaluation of an integrated nutrition and health program that aimed to improve nutritional status of young children by improving breast and complementary feeding practices over that offered by the Government of India's standard nutrition and health care program. METHODS: In Uttar Pradesh state, through multi-stage cluster random sampling, 81 villages in an intervention district and 84 villages in a comparison district were selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929961/-national-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-system-namrss-external-quality-assessment-studies-2011-2016
#15
Serap Süzük Yıldız, Hüsniye Şimşek, Nilay Çöplü, Zeynep Gülay
Establishment of sustainable and evidence-based surveillance systems are recommended for prevention of microbial resistance by the World Health Organization (WHO). As a necessity of these surveillance systems, participants are recommended to implement an external quality assessment (EQA) program. In this scope, National Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (NARSS) has been established within the Public Health Institute of Turkey (PHIT) in our country since 2011. In the scope of this surveillance, NARSS EQA program has been implemented in a cycle per year and four isolates were sent to participants per cycle every year since 2011...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929958/-screening-of-corynebacterium-diphtheriae-corynebacterium-ulcerans-and-corynebacterium-pseudotuberculosis-in-throat-swab-specimens-of-children-with-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#16
Zeynep Gökçe Gayretli Aydın, Gönül Tanır, Selin Nar Ötgün, Meral Turan, Türkan Aydın Teke, Ayşe Kaman, Selçuk Kılıç
Although a significant decrease has been reported in the incidence of diphteria in many regions of the world following the routine diphtheria immunization programs, the emergence of new cases indicated that toxigenic strains are still circulating in the community. Diphtheria vaccine does not provide protection against asymptomatic carriage and colonization of non-toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is a known fact that invasive infections may arise from non-toxigenic C.diphtheriae strains that the non-toxigenic strains can become toxigenic strains leading to diphteria...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928538/evaluation-of-unexplored-pomegranate-cultivars-for-physicochemical-characteristics-and-antioxidant-activity
#17
Abdul Hasib Viyar, Rashad Qadri, Amjad Iqbal, Numra Nisar, Imran Khan, Mohsin Bashir, Farooq Shah
The aim of present study was to evaluate the different pomegranate cultivars for physicochemical properties and to identify the best cultivars suitable for food processing and future breeding. Various attributes of fruit (including length, weight and diameter), rind (thickness and weight), calyx (length), aril (weight, percentage, length and width), seed (length and width) and juice (titratable acidity and soluble solids or TSS) were evaluated. Total and reducing sugar, pH, ascorbic acid, total phenolic contents, antioxidant activity and maturity index were also evaluated...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928340/a-first-step-in-addressing-medical-education-curriculum-gaps-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-related-content-the-university-of-louisville-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-certificate-program
#18
Susan Sawning, Stacie Steinbock, Rachel Croley, Ryan Combs, Ann Shaw, Toni Ganzel
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), gender nonconforming, and/or born with differences of sex development have specific health needs and significant health disparities exacerbated by a lack of training among health professionals. The University of Louisville LGBT Health Certificate Program used an interdisciplinary approach to increase training, potentially enabling future physicians to provide quality healthcare to LGBT patients. METHODS: A pretest-post-test design was used to investigate medical students' (n = 39) attitude and knowledge outcomes after program participation...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928262/the-use-of-speaking-valves-in-children-with-tracheostomy-tubes-what-is-the-scope-of-the-literature
#19
Weeda Zabih, Theresa Holler, Faiza Syed, Laurie Russell, Jennifer Allegro, Reshma Amin
One-way speaking valves have been successfully used to restore audible meaningful speech in adult patients after tracheostomy tube placement. One-way speaking valves have also been used in pediatric patients after tracheostomy tube placement with promising results. We conducted a scoping review to synthesize and summarize the current evidence on the use of one-way tracheostomy tube speaking valves in the pediatric population to identify knowledge gaps that could inform future research programs and facilitate evidence-based clinical decision making...
September 19, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928111/personalized-hypertension-management-using-patient-generated-health-data-integrated-with-electronic-health-records-empower-h-six-month-pre-post-study
#20
Nan Lv, Lan Xiao, Martha L Simmons, Lisa G Rosas, Albert Chan, Martin Entwistle
BACKGROUND: EMPOWER-H (Engaging and Motivating Patients Online With Enhanced Resources-Hypertension) is a personalized-care model facilitating engagement in hypertension self-management utilizing an interactive Web-based disease management system integrated with the electronic health record. The model is designed to support timely patient-provider interaction by incorporating decision support technology to individualize care and provide personalized feedback for patients with chronic disease...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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