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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777238/impact-of-body-mass-index-and-body-weight-variabilities-on-mortality-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Ga Eun Nam, Kyung Hwan Cho, Kyungdo Han, Byoungduck Han, Sung Jung Cho, Yong Kyun Roh, Seon Mee Kim, Youn Seon Choi, Do Hoon Kim, Yang Hyun Kim, Yong Gyu Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is limited information regarding the impact of body mass index (BMI) and body weight (BWt) variabilities on mortality. This study aimed to investigate the association between BMI, BWt variabilities and subsequent mortality in the Korean population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study used a representative sample cohort enrolled in the national health examination program conducted by the Korean National Health Insurance Service, and 125,391 individuals were included and followed up until 2013 (mean follow-up period = 84 months)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777016/clinical-utility-of-electronic-alberta-stroke-program-early-computed-tomography-score-software-in-the-enchanted-trial-database
#2
Simon Nagel, Xia Wang, Cheryl Carcel, Thompson Robinson, Richard I Lindley, John Chalmers, Craig S Anderson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical utility of electronic Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (e-ASPECTS), an automated system for quantifying signs of infarction, was evaluated in a large database of thrombolyzed patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: All baseline noncontrast computed tomographic scans of patients with anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke who participated in the alteplase dose arm of the randomized controlled trial ENCHANTED (Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke Study) were reviewed; poor quality and large (>6 mm) slice thickness were excluded...
May 18, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776897/reach-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-reminder-strategy-and-facebook-group-intervention-for-weight-management-in-less-advantaged-adolescents-insights-from-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial
#3
Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
BACKGROUND: Although information and communication technology interventions appear to be a promising means of reducing the health inequality gap in overweight and obesity prevention, research on information and communication technology interventions is lacking outside the Anglo-Saxon world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reach and acceptability of 2 information and communication technology interventions delivered as part of a French nutritional program: an SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) attendance-reminder for collective sessions strategy and a Facebook challenge group...
May 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775874/emotion-regulation-as-a-predictor-of-the-endocrine-autonomic-affective-and-symptomatic-stress-response-and-recovery
#4
Katarina Krkovic, Annika Clamor, Tania M Lincoln
Stress is associated with the development of mental disorders such as depression and psychosis. The ability to regulate emotions is likely to influence how individuals respond to and recover from acute stress, and may thus be relevant to symptom development. To test this, we investigated whether self-reported emotion regulation predicts the endocrine, autonomic, affective, and symptomatic response to and recovery from a stressor. Social-evaluative stress was induced by the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in N = 67 healthy individuals (53...
April 30, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775167/prosthetic-and-orthotic-students-attitudes-toward-addressing-sexual-health-in-their-future-profession
#5
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Fredrik Thidell, Bo Rolander, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: Prosthetists and orthotists have a responsibility to direct treatment toward enabling their clients to perform desired activities and to facilitate participation of their clients in all areas of life. This may include provision of assistive technologies to help clients meet goals related to participation in sexual activities. To help prosthetic and orthotic students develop competencies in dealing with the sexual health of their future clients, it is necessary to generate knowledge of their own perceived competence and capacity...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775141/effects-of-structured-group-reminiscence-therapy-on-the-life-satisfaction-of-institutionalized-older-adults-in-taiwan
#6
Yao Ching-Teng, Lin Chia-Ju, Liu Hsiu-Yueh
Health issues common among older adults living in institution settings include poor life satisfaction and depression conditions. Engagement in appropriate group reminiscence therapy programs could alleviate these health issues among older adults in long-term care institutions. This study tested the effectiveness of a structured group reminiscence therapy protocol on the life satisfaction of institutionalized older adults. A quasi-experimental design was applied. A convenience sample of older adults was drawn from two nursing homes in southern Taiwan...
May 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773354/the-relaxation-response-resiliency-program-3rp-in-patients-with-headache-and-musculoskeletal-pain-a-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-data
#7
Adam Gonzalez, Minjung Shim, Brittain Mahaffey, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Anthony Reffi, Elyse R Park
Headache and musculoskeletal pain are associated with both physical and mental health symptoms, which together are mutually reinforcing. Addressing mental and physical health symptoms (including pain) concomitantly may provide an effective and efficient way to improve outcomes in this population. We tested an evidence-based, eight-session multimodal group program, the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program (3RP), in patients with headache and musculoskeletal pain. A total of 109 adults (30 with headaches, 79 with musculoskeletal pain)...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772472/postintroduction-study-of-cost-effectiveness-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-pcv10-from-public-sector-payer-s-perspective-in-the-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#8
Emil Kupek, Ilse Viertel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cost effectiveness of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the routine immunization program for children younger than 5 years in Brazil by a postintroduction study. METHODS: Ecological study of prevaccine (2006-2009) versus postvaccine (2011-2014) period related the changes in mortality rate and hospitalization rate to direct cost of pneumonia treatment from the payer's perspective to estimate the cost effectiveness regarding lives saved, life-years gained, and disability-adjusted life-year for children younger than 5 years in the southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina...
May 14, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771873/community-based-services-to-improve-testing-and-linkage-to-care-among-non-u-s-born-persons-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-three-u-s-programs-october-2014-september-2017
#9
Aaron M Harris, Ruth Link-Gelles, Karen Kim, Edwin Chandrasekar, Su Wang, Nicole Bannister, Perry Pong, Eric Chak, Moon S Chen, Christopher Bowlus, Noele P Nelson
Among an estimated 850,000 to 2.2 million persons with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the United States, 70% are non-U.S.-born (1,2). All patients require linkage to care, and approximately 20%-40% require antiviral treatment (3). Without treatment, one in four persons chronically infected with HBV will die prematurely from liver failure, liver cirrhosis, or hepatocellular carcinoma (4). To mitigate morbidity and mortality, CDC funded a cooperative agreement to develop hepatitis B testing and linkage-to-care programs serving non-U...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771724/early-impact-of-medicare-accountable-care-organizations-on-inpatient-surgical-spending
#10
Hari Nathan, Jyothi R Thumma, Andrew M Ryan, Justin B Dimick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether hospital participation in accountable care organizations (ACOs) is associated with reduced Medicare spending for inpatient surgery. BACKGROUND: ACOs have proliferated rapidly and now cover more than 32 million Americans. Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) ACOs have shown modest success in reducing medical spending. Whether they have reduced surgical spending remains unknown. METHODS: We used 100% Medicare claims from 2010 to 2014 for patients aged 65 to 99 years undergoing 6 common elective surgical procedures [abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, colectomy, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), hip or knee replacement, or lung resection]...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771638/the-first-report-evaluating-the-post-exposure-rabies-prophylaxis-in-children-exposed-to-animals-in-the-lublin-province-eastern-poland-in-2010-2016-a-retrospective-study
#11
Joanna Krzowska-Firych, Ewelina Mazurek, Barbara Hasiec, Krzysztof Tomasiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Rabies continues to be one of the most important viral diseases and remains a significant threat to public health across the globe. The World Health Organization (WHO) has determined that most rabies cases occur in children. Dog bites on humans are a major public-health problem. Poland has not achieved rabies free status yet. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in humans can effectively prevent death after exposure to a potentially infected animal. THE AIM: The main objective of this study was to estimate the frequency of PEP among children exposed to animals, who had attended consultations at the Department of Infectious Diseases for Children in the Jan Boży Hospital in Lublin...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771399/trends-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-under-the-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act-a-national-database-analysis-between-2008-and-2015
#12
Jennifer I Etcheson, Nicole E George, Chukwuweike U Gwam, James Nace, Alexander T Caughran, Melbin Thomas, Sana Virani, Ronald E Delanois
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act expanded health coverage for low-earning individuals and families. With more Americans having access to care, the use of elective procedures, such as total hip arthroplasty (THA), was expected to increase. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate trends in THA before and after the initiation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act regarding race, age, body mass index, and sex between 2008 and 2015. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for all individuals who had undergone primary THA between 2008 and 2015...
May 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770670/-final-evaluation-of-control-program-of-key-parasitic-diseases-in-jinhu-county-2006-2015-jiangsu-province
#13
Sun Dao-Kuan, Zhang Cui-Ping
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of the Control Program of Key Parasitic Diseases in Jinhu County from 2006 to 2015, so as to provide the evidence for the future work of prevention and control. METHODS: The historical data about key parasitoses were collected, and the organization management, financial support, capacity building, control effects, and so on were evaluated with the descriptive method. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2015, totally 19 technique educations were conducted, 844...
January 9, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770534/evaluating-the-impact-of-physicians-provision-on-primary-healthcare-evidence-from-brazil-s-more-doctors-program
#14
Luiz Felipe Campos Fontes, Otavio Canozzi Conceição, Paulo de Andrade Jacinto
This study aims to evaluate the More Doctors Program (Programa Mais Médicos) in terms of the provision of physicians, presenting estimates of its impact on hospitalization for ambulatory care sensitive conditions. The differences-in-differences method was used with propensity score matching (double difference matching), using 3 specifications, a falsification test, and also a dynamic endogeneity test to confirm the robustness of the results. For the application of this methodology, a panel of municipal data was constructed covering several variables related to socioeconomic, demographic, and public health infrastructure characteristics in the cities for the period from 2010 to 2016...
May 16, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770445/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-diabetes-prevention-program-with-participation-incentives-for-medicaid-beneficiaries
#15
Todd Gilmer, Patrick J O'Connor, Jeffrey S Schiff, Gretchen Taylor, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Joyce E Garrett, Houa Vue-Her, Sarah Rinn, Julie Anderson, Jay Desai
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cost-effectiveness of a community-based Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) for Medicaid beneficiaries from the perspective of the health care sector. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: A total of 847 Medicaid enrollees at high risk for type 2 diabetes participating in a community-based DPP. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post clinical outcome and cost data were used as inputs into a validated diabetes simulation model. The model was used to evaluate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and health care costs over a 40-year time horizon from the perspective of the health care sector...
May 16, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770320/evaluation-of-a-residential-mental-health-recovery-service-in-north-queensland
#16
REVIEW
Marion Heyeres, Irina Kinchin, Elise Whatley, Lisa Brophy, Jon Jago, Thomas Wintzloff, Steve Morton, Vinitta Mosby, Narayan Gopalkrishnan, Komla Tsey
Background: Evidence shows that subacute mental health recovery occurs best when a person remains active within the community and fulfils meaningful and satisfying roles of their choosing. Several residential care services that incorporate these values have been established in Australia and overseas. Aims: This study describes (a) the development of an evaluation framework for a new subacute residential mental health recovery service in regional Australia and (b) reports on the formative evaluation outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770078/evaluating-the-timeliness-of-reporting-in-a-first-nations-communicable-diseases-program
#17
A Lam, S Woods, N Ndubuka
Background: Timely reporting of communicable diseases is necessary to enable a prompt response to mitigate and control outbreaks. This is especially true among First Nations communities due to a number of factors, including unique social determinants of health, which can contribute to rapid disease transmission. Objective: To assess the timeliness of reporting for 12 notifiable communicable diseases in the Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, which includes 33 First Nations on-reserve communities in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada, and to assess whether there were differences in reporting times depending on degree of remoteness of community, season or year...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769285/the-broad-socioeconomic-benefits-of-vaccination
#18
REVIEW
David E Bloom, Victoria Y Fan, J P Sevilla
Evaluating vaccination programs according to their broad socioeconomic benefits, beyond their health benefits, will help to address the twin problems of vaccine underutilization and weak incentives for vaccine innovation.
May 16, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769080/a-complex-culturally-targeted-intervention-to-reduce-hispanic-disparities-in-living-kidney-donor-transplantation-an-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-study-protocol
#19
Elisa J Gordon, Jungwha Lee, Raymond H Kang, Juan Carlos Caicedo, Jane L Holl, Daniela P Ladner, Michelle D Shumate
BACKGROUND: The shortage of organs for kidney transplantation for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is magnified in Hispanics/Latin Americans in the United States. Living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) is the treatment of choice for ESRD. However, compared to their representation on the transplant waitlist, fewer Hispanics receive a LDKT than non-Hispanic whites. Barriers to LDKT for Hispanics include: lack of knowledge, cultural concerns, and language barriers. Few interventions have been designed to reduce LDKT disparities...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769056/report-on-an-international-workshop-on-kangaroo-mother-care-lessons-learned-and-a-vision-for-the-future
#20
Adriano Cattaneo, Adidja Amani, Nathalie Charpak, Socorro De Leon-Mendoza, Sarah Moxon, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Giorgio Tamburlini, Julieta Villegas, Anne-Marie Bergh
BACKGROUND: Globally, complications of prematurity are the leading cause of death in children under five. Preterm infants who survive their first month of life are at greater risk for various diseases and impairments in infancy, childhood and later life, representing a heavy social and economic burden for families, communities and health and social systems. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is recommended as a beneficial and effective intervention for improving short- and long-term preterm birth outcomes in low- and high-income settings...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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