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health program evaluation

Sarah B Bateni, Frederick J Meyers, Richard J Bold, Robert J Canter
BACKGROUND: The impact of surgery on end of life care for patients with disseminated malignancy (DMa) is incompletely characterized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate postoperative outcomes impacting quality of care among DMa patients, specifically prolonged length of hospital stay, readmission, and disposition. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was queried for years 2011-2012. DMa patients were matched to non-DMa patients with comparable clinical characteristics and operation types...
2016: PloS One
Purnima Menon, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Kuntal Kumar Saha, Adiba Khaled, Andrew Kennedy, Lan Mai Tran, Tina Sanghvi, Nemat Hajeebhoy, Jean Baker, Silvia Alayon, Kaosar Afsana, Raisul Haque, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Rahul Rawat
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations supporting optimal breastfeeding, the number of women practicing exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) remains low, and few interventions have demonstrated implementation and impact at scale. Alive & Thrive was implemented over a period of 6 y (2009-2014) and aimed to improve breastfeeding practices through intensified interpersonal counseling (IPC), mass media (MM), and community mobilization (CM) intervention components delivered at scale in the context of policy advocacy (PA) in Bangladesh and Viet Nam...
October 2016: PLoS Medicine
Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Simon Driver, Haley VanVolkenburg, Kathleen Humphries
Physical inactivity and high rates of chronic conditions is a public health concern for adults with intellectual disability. Few health promotion programs target the group home setting which is the pre-dominant form of residential accommodation for persons with intellectual disability. A process evaluation of a physical activity health promotion program, Menu-Choice, was conducted with five group home sites for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Menu-Choice assists group home staff in including physical activity goals within resident schedules...
October 5, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
Allison P Anderson, Abigail M Fellows, Kim A Binsted, Mark T Hegel, Jay C Buckey
INTRODUCTION: Living in an isolated, confined environment (ICE) can induce conflict, stress, and depression. Computer-based behavioral health countermeasures are appealing for training and treatment in ICEs because they provide confidentiality and do not require communication with the outside environment. We evaluated the Virtual Space Station (VSS), a suite of interactive computer-delivered psychological training and treatment programs, at the Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) III expedition...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Ewa Staszewska-Jakubik, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Barbara Kondej
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the epidemiological situation of scarlet fever in Poland in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation was performed by reviewing surveillance data published in the bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2014” as well as in previous bulletins, and unpublished data collected under Statistical survey program of official statistics. These data relate to cases of scarlet fever registered by health sanitary inspection on the basis of statutory notification of scarlet fever reported by physicians...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Shu-Fang Chang
PURPOSE: We investigated the relationships among geriatric syndrome, physiological functions, and body composition in community-dwelling older people with varying nutritional statuses. Other factors correlated with nutritional status in community-dwelling older people were also explored. BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has initiated preventive programs for addressing malnutrition. However, few studies have focused on the correlations among geriatric syndrome, physiological functions, and body composition in older people at risk of malnutrition...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Patrick Corrigan, Georg Schomerus, Valery Shuman, Dana Kraus, Debbie Perlick, Autumn Harnish, Magdalena Kulesza, Kathleen Kane-Willis, Sang Qin, David Smelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although advocates and providers identify stigma as a major factor in confounding the recovery of people with SUDs, research on addiction stigma is lacking, especially when compared to the substantive literature examining the stigma of mental illness. METHODS: A review of key studies from the stigma literature that yielded empirically supported concepts and methods from the mental health arena was contrasted with the much smaller and mostly descriptive findings from the addiction field...
October 25, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Nittaya Srisuk, Jan Cameron, Chantal F Ski, David R Thompson
AIM: To evaluate a heart failure education program developed for patients and carers in Thailand. BACKGROUND: Heart failure is major health problem. This is the first trial of a family-based education program for heart failure patients and carers residing in rural Thailand. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: One hundred patient-carer dyads attending cardiac clinics in southern Thailand from April 2014-March 2015 were randomized to usual care (n=50) or a family-based education program (n=50) comprising face-to-face counselling, a heart failure manual and DVD and telephone support...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Inger Hagqvist, Stig Rödjer, Anna Aggeryd, Ebba Holmberg, Göran Bondjers
Experiences from PLUS - program for learning and development in Swedish health care In Sweden, more than half of newly registered physicians have been trained outside of the country. Thus, they are not familiar with Swedish culture and the Swedish healthcare system. To support their introduction to a professional carrier in Sweden, in line with the WHO ethical code for recruitment of health personnel, the health care region of Western Sweden established PLUS - program for learning and development in Swedish Health care...
October 24, 2016: Läkartidningen
Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Hung-Hui Chen, Kuei-Hui Chu, Kung-Liahng Wang, Nicole Huang, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Yiing-Jenq Chou
OBJECTIVE: The study compared the in-hospital complications and related outcomes between women who underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at hysterectomy for benign diseases and those who had hysterectomy only. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study using data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance program. Women who underwent concurrent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at hysterectomy for benign indications (n = 34,509) were compared with those who had hysterectomy only (n = 176,305)...
October 24, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Jennifer E Isenor, Jessica L Killen, Beverly A Billard, Shelly A McNeil, Donna MacDougall, Beth A Halperin, Kathryn L Slayter, Susan K Bowles
BACKGROUND: Annual immunization is the most effective way to prevent influenza and its associated complications. However, optimal immunization rates are not being met in Nova Scotia, Canada. Additional providers, such as pharmacists, may improve access and convenience to receive vaccines. Pharmacists began immunizing patients 5 years of age and older within the publicly funded universal influenza vaccination program during the 2013-2014 influenza season. The objective of this study was to evaluate influenza immunization coverage rates before and after pharmacists in Nova Scotia gained authority to immunize as part of the publicly funded universal influenza vaccination program...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
Abdulrahman Abdulla El-Hilly, Sheeraz Syed Iqbal, Maroof Ahmed, Yusuf Sherwani, Mohammed Muntasir, Sarim Siddiqui, Zaid Al-Fagih, Omar Usmani, Andreas B Eisingerich
BACKGROUND: Finding ways to increase and sustain engagement with mHealth interventions has become a challenge during application development. While gamification shows promise and has proven effective in many fields, critical questions remain concerning how to use gamification to modify health behavior. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate how the gamification of mHealth interventions leads to a change in health behavior, specifically with respect to smoking cessation...
October 24, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Thomas Viskum Gjelstrup Bredahl, Jenny Hadrévi, Gisela Sjøgaard, Karen Søgaard
BACKGROUND: Several RCT studies have aimed to reduce either musculoskeletal disorders, sickness presenteeism, sickness absenteeism or a combination of these among females with high physical work demands. These studies have provided evidence that workplace health promotion (WHP) interventions are effective, but long-term effects are still uncertain. These studies either lack to succeed in maintaining intervention effects or lack to document if effects are maintained past a one-year period...
October 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
Aysun Genç, Mehmet Mesut Çelebi, Süleyman Utku Çelik, Ebru Düşünceli Atman, Akın Fırat Kocaay, Ali Murat Zergeroğlu, Atilla Halil Elhan, Volkan Genç
OBJECTIVE: Mastalgia is often ignored by physicians although it is the most common breast-related complaint among women. The effectiveness of exercise therapy for mastalgia is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of exercise on mastalgia. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with twenty women with complaints of mastalgia fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were randomly assigned to the control group and to the exercise group...
October 25, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Arianna Rubin Means, Julie Jacobson, Aryc W Mosher, Judd L Walson
BACKGROUND: While some evidence supports the beneficial effects of integrating neglected tropical disease (NTD) programs to optimize coverage and reduce costs, there is minimal information regarding when or how to effectively operationalize program integration. The lack of systematic analyses of integration experiences and of integration processes may act as an impediment to achieving more effective NTD programming. We aimed to learn about the experiences of NTD stakeholders and their perceptions of integration...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Megan Quinn, Sheila Gephart
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is a holistic framework that is designed to improve quality of life by identifying and treating distressing symptoms of life-threatening or complex conditions. Neonatal palliative care (NPC) has potential benefits for parents, staff, and patients, yet evidence suggests that implementation and utilization of organized NPC services are low. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to answer the clinical question: In neonatal intensive care, what evidence can be used to guide implementation of palliative care protocols? SEARCH STRATEGY: A literature search was conducted using CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature), PubMed, and the Cochrane Library databases...
October 22, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Omair Atiq, Jasmin Tiro, Adam C Yopp, Adam Muffler, Jorge A Marrero, Neehar D Parikh, Caitlin Murphy, Katharine McCallister, Amit G Singal
: Although surveillance ultrasound and alpha fetoprotein (AFP) have minimal direct harm, downstream harms from follow-up tests must be weighed against surveillance benefits when determining the value of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening programs. Our study's aims were to characterize prevalence and correlates of surveillance benefits and harms in cirrhosis patients undergoing HCC surveillance. We conducted a retrospective cohort study among patients with cirrhosis followed at a safety-net health system between July 2010 and July 2013...
October 24, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Anarina L Murillo, Muntaser Safan, Carlos Castillo-Chavez, Elizabeth D Capaldi Phillips, Devina Wadhera
Eating behaviors among a large population of children are studied as a dynamic process driven by nonlinear interactions in the sociocultural school environment. The impact of food association learning on diet dynamics, inspired by a pilot study conducted among Arizona children in Pre-Kindergarten to 8th grades, is used to build simple population-level learning models. Qualitatively, mathematical studies are used to highlight the possible ramifications of instruction, learning in nutrition, and health at the community level...
August 1, 2016: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
Caroline Lukaszyk, Lara Harvey, Cathie Sherrington, Lisa Keay, Anne Tiedemann, Julieann Coombes, Lindy Clemson, Rebecca Ivers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk factors, incidence, consequences and existing prevention strategies for falls and fall-related injury in older indigenous people. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified through searching 14 electronic databases, a range of institutional websites, online search engines and government databases, using search terms pertaining to indigenous status, injury and ageing. RESULTS: Thirteen studies from Australia, the United States, Central America and Canada were identified...
October 23, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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